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iarj,^lmprwememt in Carriage tVheeU. — Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The thimble In
this iaprovement is made with recesses in its shoulder for rollers to lie in, to avoid the fric-
tka of tbe inner end of the hub ; and with a strap skein under the lower side, fastened with
t Dut at the point of the thimble skein and bolted to the axle inside of the band ; it has also
kogiiitQdinal lubricating grooves on the spindle for the retention of grease.

uit«.— My peculiar method of constructing the axle boxes or thimbles, and attaching
them to the axles by means of the gutta-percha packing A and screw.s, when the boxes or
thimbles are made to taper, as described, having a canal lined with Babbit's metal, in which
roUers e are placed, tbe whole used in construction with the strap d on tbe under side of the
axle and the bolt^', the friction rollers, spiral groove, and lubricator, all as described and set
forth. .

Ka 37,481 .—Charles R. Alsop, of Middletown, Cona.-^hnpravement in Cartridges, -
Punt dated January 27, 1863. — A tube of rubber is charged with powder and shot, sep-
sited fioB each otb^ by a paper disk. A wad, covered with tallow, is inserted over the
ibot, and is secured by overlappmg the ends of the tube.

Ciata.— As a new article or manufacture, a powder and shot cartridge, constructed in the
umisr and £or the purpose set forth.

^0. 37,482.^H. A. AjfELUNO, of Chicago, HI. — Improvement in Separating Fatty Matter
fnm Animal Substances. — Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^This invention consists in the
api^ianoe of heat during the grinding and mashing of animal substances, whereby httj ma^
tfeT is more rapidly and eflfectually separated than by grinding and mashing, or by boiling
alone.

CZtui.— The separating of fatty matter from animal sul^stances by subjecting the same to
a temle heat during tbe crushing, grinding, or comminuting of the same, in the manner
nbttantially as herein set forth.

Ko. 37,483.— Amo.<* C. Barstow, of Providence, R. l.-^Imj^rovement in Teakettles.—
Fueni dated January 27, 1863. — The invention consists in makmg depressions in the rims
of caBt-iron teakettles, with corresponding hooks on the lid, by which me lid may be secure
from falling off except at the identical po^t of entry.

Cfam.— Tbe formation of depressions in the rim of cast-iron teakettles, in combination
wkh a flanged cover having corresponding pendent hooks, the whole being constructed and
onnged substantially as described to operate in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,481.- Amos C. Barstow, of Providence, R. l.—Improvement in Metallic Burial
Caiei.— Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^This invention consists in making the surface of
the low^ shell in two planes, which meet at the point of greatest width, and the lid agreeing
is fonp thereto.

Ciaw.— The method herein described of constructing metallic burial cases, by dividing
the apper shell or covering lid from the lower shell, according to a line situated in two planer,
^naing an angle at that part of the case which presents the greatest width transve/sely.

Ko. 37,485. — ^Augustus A. Bennett, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Cartridge
J*' - ^»tent dated January 27, 1833. — ^This invention consists in operating automatically
■etOTw of a cartridge box by one or more springs suitably located.

Ci«w.— The cartridge box A B, whose cover C D is made self-closing by means of one or
aoie metallic springs H H', constructed, adapted, and operating in the manner described.

Ko. 37,486.— Benjamin 8. Benson, of Baltimore, lid.'-Improvement in Sounds for the
?*w-~Patent dated Januaiy 27, 1863. — ^The invention consists in the combination in one



; of a uterine sound and a porte caustic, whose limb is indexed in combination
*^ftp»duated slit in the tube as a measure of the amount of powder to be applied. .
^jy ».~-ttr8t, the combination in one instrument of a uterine sound and porte caustic as
weribed.

^^^(opd, the combination and arrangement of the tube A, piston E, index F, and gpraduated
""6, in the manner and for the purpose specified.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 16



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242 ASJSVASk MBFOWl OP THE

No. 37,487.— Isaac BickhaAT^ of HadM, iilen county, Jnd.—JmprwMment in BmHwmd
Shoe Blacking AppanUus.—Fsktaxi dated Jaouary 27, 1863.— The mYenUon oonsi^te o£ rovoLv^
ing brush wheelt with a yielding support for the boot.

Claim, — The revolving brush wheels £ £, one or more constructed substantially as shown,
in combination with the yielding foot-stands D D, arranged substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 37,488.— John C. Birdsbll, of West Miurietta. Monroe county, N. Y.-^Jmpmmuut
in Clover Thresher and HuUer, — Patent dated January :27, 1863. — ^The object of the invention
ia to complete the *' getting out*' of clover seed by one operation, and this is accomplished by
placing a threshing concave above, and a hulling concave below, the seed being fed in over*
shot. With this is combined hulling or roughens smfaces between the teeth on the cylinder,
on die concave, and on the teeth ; tne ribs on the picking cylinder are on a perforated screen,
to assist in separating the seed from the chaff, and the crank shaft arranged to operate the
bolt at the rear of the machine.

Claim, — A rotating threshing and hulling cylinder with a threshing concave or arch above
and a hulling concave or arch below, substantially as described, so as to thresh the seed fiDom
the straw and stalks, and hull it at one operation with one and the same cylinder.

Also, providing a toothed threshing cylinder with a rough or hulUng surface between the
teeth.

Also, in combination with a toothed threshing cylinder having a roughened or hulling sur-
fiskce between the teeth, a ribbed concave or arch, with a roughened or hulling surface on
the face of the ribs, with grooves between the ribs for the threshing teeth of i& cylinder to
travel in or through, substantially as described.

Alsoj in combination with a picking cylinder, the ribs on a perforated, concave screen, to
hold up the straw and stalks, and allow the bolls and seed to fall through the screen, an4
prevent the straw and stalks firoin dragging or oonrying the bolls And seed across the holes in
the screen.

Also, arranging the crank shaft to operate the bolt at ^e rear end of the machine whea
said crank shaft is also used to carry the conveying apron or belt K', substantially as de-
scribed.

No. 37,439.— WiluamU. Bohm, of San Francisco, Ca!i,^Improoed Bucldefar fFaistBelt.—
Patent dated Januarv 27, 1863.~This buckle oonsiste of the usual rim and a rod behind
it, (as it is worn, ) which has holes for the entry of the teeth of a clasp, which is hinged to the
rim, and opens forwards. Between the rim and the rod the belt is slipped, and the clasp
beinff jpushed down and fsksteutened, retains it in position.

Claim, — The entire machinery of the buckle (with the exception of the rim) as set forth in
the foregoing specification, together with the application and use of said machinery, to the
purposes set forth in the petition and specification.

No. 37,490.—- Howard C. Bristol, of CMca^, VX.—Impnnted Letter Emvelope.-^VB/beni
dated January 27, 1863. — There is one more section to this envelope than usual, which con-
siste of a fair surface lap that covers the ordinary angular joints on the back of an envek)pe,
aud it is lapped over and faatened on the front. At the centre of the upper edge of the letter,
a hole is lofl in the envelope, so that while the letter is exposed, the sealing or attachment of
the stamp fastens it in its cover as well as secures the parts of the envelope together, and thus
the letter is fastened as well as endosed.

C/atm.— First, a letter envelope having sealing laps h h, substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Secoud, providing the body portion of an envelope with an opening or perforation as at i2,
so that when the letter stamp is placed over the same, a portion of said stamp will adhere to
the inner sealing lap, substantially as aud for the purpose described.

No. 37^491.— Lewis B. Bruek, of Brooklyn, N. Y,^Impra9em4nt in $hot Caftridgei.-^
Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^A casing being made of muslin, and filled with shot, it is
dipped in collodion and dried in the air ; the wads are attached to the cartridge before dip-
ping, and dried with them, or afterwards attached hv glue or cement.

C/aiwi.— First, the method herein described of forming bird and buck-shot cartridges by
dipping cases filled with shot in collodion, in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

Second, in combination with the above, the use of wads made in the manner and for the
pui'pose set forth.

No. 37,492.— Clark O. Bush, Michigan Bluff. Plac«r county, Cal.^Imvrovementin Water
Elevators. — ^Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^This elevator consiste or a series of larger
buckets operated by a fall of water, and upon the same shaft which tiiiey pass over is another
smaller set of bucketo which elevate water from a lower to a higher level.

Claim. — First, the endless chains of buclcete B and inclined troughs or conduito /, in com-
bination with the endless chain of buckete A, when the latter is operated by the water lifted
by the former, as specified.



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comnaBicmjssL op patents. 24S

* Seeead, the onrii H, ^ash boardlk e £, and inclined trotigli or eondtiit / in combinfttlon
with the endlMs chain of bnckeUi A> when arranged to operate in the manner and for the
purpose specified.

No. 37,493. - C. BTRint, of Kingsyille, Ashtabula connty, Ohio.— /fii;rrM»«iiieiK te Railroad
Switch Lanterns, — Patent dated Janoaij 27, 1863.— The body of the lamp is doable, forming
an annnlar chamber, the air being admitted by holes through the outer plate, and the smoke
dieeharged at a ventilator hole in the roof, so as to insure combustion ot the mineral oil by a
direct carrent of air; the oil-cup is supported upon springs, and surrounded by elastic pack-
ing to avoid concussion or jarring ot the passing train, and the sliding window frames made
double and practically air-tight so as to secure combustion of the mineral oil.

C/oim.—First, construotij^ the body of the lamp practically air-tight with the double walls
F F*f and openings G and P and P\ for the purpose specifiea.

Seeond, supporting the oil-cup and wick upon delicate springs, and surrounding the same
with elastic packing, as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the double grooves for the sliding panel for the porpose described.

No. 37,494.— Jonathan 8. Chatham, of Seneca Falls, N. Y.^Immroved Composition for
Water Pipes, Ar^.— Patent dated January 97, 1863. — Afler removing the inflammable portions
of coal tar, the residuum is stirred up with clean sand so long as the tar will receive it, and
oompositioa thus obtained cast into the reauired form.

CM«ia.-*The composition above described, consisting of the residuum of the burned coal tar
and sharp sand, prepared and compounded substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 37,40(k— Hbnrt N. DeGraw, of Newburgh, Orange coun^, N. Y.— Improved T>tmce
for A4insling Wicks in Lamp Tubes. — Patent da^ January 27, 1863. — ^This invoution con-
sists ot a pair of tongs with sharp forked ends, a spring at their point, and a sliding ring bv
which the wick in tl^ narrow flat passage of a burner may be introduced, flattened, and ad-
justed.

C(m».— The implement or device constiucted as herein shown and described, to wit, of a
wire or rod bent so as to form two arms a a, and a spring h, with a slide c, placed on the
arms, for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,496.— L. A, ENSWORTHand B. Barker, of Williamsport, Lycoming county, Pa.-^
Improved Machine for Edging Lumber, — Patent dated January 27, 18d3.— The lumber is fed
enawise upon a bed, on each side of which is a circular saw ; one in a fixed frame, and the
other in an adjustable frame, so as to be set at any required distance from each other by the
rack and pinion.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the two saws E F, upon independent arbors C G, placed
upon the same plane, opposite to each other, with an open space between them ; the saw F
beiog made laterally aq^ustable, all as herein showo ana described.

A&o, the combination of the two independent saws and arbors with the adjustable firame
H, rack 6, pinion I, frame N, and rollers L L M M, all in tho manner herein shown and
described.

No. 37,497.— A. H Emert, of New York, N. Y.— /m^provement tii Fownrftn^.— Patent dated
January 27, 1863. — ^To secure the gradual cooling ot the casting, it is ouveloped with a
easing^ of molten metal, a thin mould intervening between the custiug and its metal envelope.

CUuta, — ^The process of retarding the cooling of any part or portion of a caitiug during the
process of founaing by means of a casing or envelope of melted metal covering surround-
ing such parts and portion of the casting as may in any cose be desired, aud scnaratod there-
fipom by a thin mould, substantially as and for the purpose herein described ana sot forth.

Also, the arrang^ement of the sleeve k, or its equivalent, with the coal barrel D, fur the pur-
pose of retarding the cooling of the sinking-bead and chase of gun-casting arranged sub-
stantially as and for the purposes herein described and set forth.

No 37,496. — Samuel H. Dudley, of Milton, Litchfield county, Conn. — Improvement in
Dirt Scraper, — Patent dated January ^, 1863. — ^The improvement in this scraper consists
in attaching a transverse bar to the liandtes, and by a rod to the semper, so as to catch the
latter upon the draught hooks when upset, and prevent it falling flat on the ground and break-
ing the nandles or accumulating dirt on the back of the scraper.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of the bar B, and the rods P and P, with the
bows U and U, or then: equivalents, for the purpose and in manner as above set forth.

No. 37,499.— Levi FLElSCmiAN, of Rochester, N. Y.—lnproved Device for Holding
Clothes in Trunks, — Patent dated January Si7, lci63.— Affixed to the ends of the trunks,
inside, are vertical guides, on which a bar with slotted ends is adjusted vertically and held
down by pins. Umlemeath this bar is a spread, or cloth, with transverse slats, and this
being placed over the clothes, they are packed down firmly and held so as to admit of other
lighter articles being laid over without danger of being crushed when the trunk is turned
upside down.



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244 AsnsvAii bepobt of the

Claiiii.-^The combiiuitioii of the adjostaUd bar or ban B, gtd^ C C, aad pins d i.
with a trunk or yalisei when thev are used in the inside of the aame, for tho purpose of
packing clothes and holding them during transportation, the whole arranged and operating
■nbstantiallj as herein set fovXi. In combination with the bar B, the spread D, constructea
and arranged substantiallj as specified.

No 37,500.^Peter Fontain, New York, N. T.^/M/rovemsnt in Oat RBgulai&r$ md
PmryUn, — ^Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^The inrention consists in providing the enlarged
double conical chamber with an outlet and stopper, by which the puniying materials con
tained in said chamber maj be extracted, and fresh materials introduced.

C/atm.— The opening or outlet D, (provided with a suitable stopper. ) in combination with
the chamber C and its contents, substantiallj as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,501.— Leonard Geiger, of Hudson, Columbia county, N. Y.—Jmpravememt in
Breech4aading Fire-arms.— Patent dated January 27, 1863.— The improvement consists in
the arrangement of the breech-piece and hammer, which are both pivoted to the aide plates
of the loclc chamber, and are retracted by backward vibration to cock and load. They are
provided with shoulders so arranged that when the piece is fired the hammer shall impinge
upon the rear of the breech-piece to brace and sustain it against recoil.

Claim, — Combining the swinging breech C and the hammer £, by means of suitable
shoulders deon, each, in such a manner that the hammer is made to form a brace to brace
and lock the breech against the back pressure consequent upon the explosion of the charge^
substantially as herein specified.

No. 37.502.~W. O. Orover, of Boston, Mass.— /fii|MviMiiisiie in Sewing Madnneg. —
Patent dated January 27, lo63. — ^The invention consists of a clevis-shaped vibrating arm,
which is pivoted in the centre of its bend, and oscillates vertically, the upper one of its ex-
tremities being furnished with a needle, and the other one bem|f connected with the horizon-
tal shaft immediatelv under the feed plate, and also with the dnving mehanism.

Claim. — A long, bent vibrating arm, one of whose ends drives a needle in combination
with a horizontal shaft arranged under the feed and actuating the feed when that same shaft
is also connected directly to one end of such bent arm extending under the spot where the
neediC perforates the cloth, or nearly so, the whole arranged, connected, and acting substau-
tially in the manner and for the purposes hereinbefore set forth.

No. 37,503.— Stuart Gwynn, of New York, N. Y.-^Tmproved Sutnng Appnratn$. —
Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to bring an elastic force to
bear upon the rudder, so that when the blade of It is struck by a cross sea, it shall not by its
rigidity expose the rudder to fracture, or the helmsman to injury. This is effected by annular
etastic springs on the shaft of the tiller screw, so that while the action of the prime mover is
uniform, the motiou of the rudder-head is modified by the degree of resistance.

C'/oun. — ^The mechanism herein described for imparting to the rudd^-head the requisite
motiou according to the resistance to be overcome, so that while the action on the prime
mover is uniform, the rudder-bead will rotate with more or less speed as the resistance in*
creases or decreases, substantially as sot forth.

Also, the combination with tho mdder-hoad of a pintle, extending upwards in line with
tho axis of the ruddor-hoad and supporting said piutle by a suitable overhead frame, sub-
stantially as herein shown uud described.

Also, applying tho tiller to the nidder-heod between t^vo points of support thereof, said
tiller beinff operated from n screw shaft having annular rubber springs arranged upon it sub-
stantially m the manner and fur the pui'pose set forth.

No. 37,504.— Noah E. Hale, of Nashua, Hillsboro* county, N. 'H.—Impravement in Ma-
chines for Making Roving^ — Patent dated Joiuiary 27, 1863. — The sliver passes through the
trumpet mouth of a lever, atid between a stationary and a gpravitating jaw, which latter is
hinged to tho lover. From tho.se, it posses to tho draught rollers ancT is drawn to suqh on
extent as to keep tho tail of the trumpet-mouthed lever out of the way of collision with the arm
of a rocker-shutt which rotates below. Wheu a sliver breaks, the tail of the lever falls and
arrests the revolution of tho rocker-shaft, while other appliances are operated which turn the
driving belt from tho fast to the loose pullo^, and stop too machiue.

Claim. — ^Tho staHonary and gravitatiug jaws c d^ or their mechanical equivalent, in com-
bination with the trumpet guido A or A', and a stop motion or mechanism connected there-
with, and operating substantially in manner and for the purnose as specified.

Also, the combination of the crank S, the connecting rod B, or mechanical equivalents
therefor, tri -armed lever K, latch-lifter L, and disk I, with tappets/ ^, tho same bein^ ap-
plied to the armed rocker-shaft II, one of the draught rollers and the latch of the belt-shifk-r,
m manner and so as to operate substantially as specified.

No. 37,6a>.— Frank Henry, of Bridgeport, Conn.— //af rteemeiit in Hemming^ Tneking,
mnd Folding Guide, for Sewing AfoeAiasf. —Patent doted January 27, 1863.— "Aia guide is



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CaUUSSIOlfBB OF PATENTS. 245

aftlaehed to Uie foot-pieoe and slips back and forth so as to be a4iiisted to the desired width
of the lap, tudc, hem, or seam.

CUim, — ^The oombination with the hem-taraer a ft c, and foot-pieo A, of the i^ustaMe
goide df constructed with shank/, bar A, plate i, all substantially in the manner herein shown
and described.

No. 37,506.— Benjamik J. C. Howe, of Syracuse, N. Y, ^Improvement in Mica Chimney
for Lamp, — Patent dated January !i^, 1663.— The thin lamina of mica is surrounded hy a li^t
frame ot sheet metal, and then bent so as to be slipped into the grooves of two posts which
form the uprights of a cbimnej frame. A similar lamina is fitted to the other sides of the
posts, and oval ring^ above and below are slipped on and secured to the posts to complete
the chinmey.

Claim. — ^Tbe oval base Fig. 6, the construction of the frame as described, and the trans-
ferable sheets of mica a a.

No. 37,507.— WlUJAM W. HUSB, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-^Improvement in Tobacco i'lneftes.—
Patent dated January 27, 1863.^Tbe tobacco is laid in cells in the rim of a wheel, the parti-
tion between the cells beinff sliding gates operated by a cam ; the wheel is then rotated
against a pressure wheel which presses the tobacco in the ceils and slides in the partitions so
as to be retracted by the cam and free the pressed plug.

daim. — ^Tbe combination of the wheel of troughs or cells, the radial sliding partitions
forming the ends of the cells, the cams for operating the sliding partitions, and the pressure
wheel lor rolling and pressing the plugs of tobacco in the cells, substantially as desciibed.

No. 37,508.— WiLUAM W. HUSE, of Brooklyn, N. Y. - Improvement in Machine for Press-
ing and Cutting Tobacco. — Patent dated January 27, 18v$3. — Ttie tobacco is placed upon
the feeding chain or endless carrier, and from thence is taken by two endless belts and trans-
forred to the pressure wheel, which has a deeply recessed periphery; in this the tobacco is
pressed by a roller which enters the recess and brings the required pressure upon it. After
teaving the point of pressure i^ becomes detached, and being suspended is fed aown between
a cutting and a plain surface roller, where it is divided into pieces of the required length.

Claim, — ^The wheel trough, that is, the wheel flanches each side of its periphery, into
which the slivers of tobacco are to be placed and compressed in combination with the two
endless belts or equivalent rollers, for introducing the slivers of tobacco to the trough-like
periphery of the wheel, and the pre.>sure roller for compressing the tobacco after it hi^ been
introduced into the trough-like periphery of the wheel, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

Also, the endless feeding chain substantially as described, in combination with the trough
wheel, the two bolts or equivalent rollers for transforming the slivers from the feeding cham
to the wheel trough, and with the pressure roller for compressing the tobacco into the wheel
trough, sabstantialiy as and for the purpose specified.

Ateo, in combination with the wheel trougn and pressure rollers, a cutting mechanbm,
sabstantialiy as described lor cutting the compressed sliver of tobacco into plugs of the re-
quired length, as set forth.

No. 37,509.— William W. Huse, of Brooklyn, N. Y, —Improvement in Machmefor Drjfing
Tobacco, — Patent dated January 2^7, IS&S. — ^This machine consists of an upright rotating
spindle with an alternate skeleton shelf and an annular clamp. The green tobacco plants
are laid on the shelf with their buts toward the spindle, and their tops projecting radially ;
the clamp is then placed on them like a wide hoop, which retains tbem in position ; then
another shelf and another hoop, and so on. The spindle is then revolved at a high speed
and the moisture driven out by centrifugal force.

Claim. — ^The combination of a series of clamps with the rotating spindle substantially as
described, for seeming the stems of tobacco leaves to the spindle, uiat they may be dried by
eentrifug^l action, as set forth.

Also, the series of shelves on which to place the tobacco substantially as described, in
eombination with the series of clamps and the spindle, substantially as described.

No. 37,510.— Samuel Ebeler, of Lancaster, Fenu,— Improvement in Apple Mills,—
Patent dated January i^, 1863. — The invention consists in the form of the tooth, which has
a shoulder on each side, the transverse section resembling a triangle erected upon a trapezoid



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 29 of 164)