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if hose widest parallel side forms the base of the figure.

Claim. — The combination and construction of the double or compound toothing of the
crushing cylinders C D, made in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 37,511. — ALFKEDf John and Charles Lamb, of Jeffersonville, Sullivan county. New
York. — Improvement in Device fur Operating Churns, — Patent dated January 27« 1663. —
The improvement consists in so arranging the operating devices of a chum as to impart a
iGCiprooating and rotary motion to the dasners ; it is accomplished by forming the upper part
of tlie dasher shafl with a worm or screw which works in a nut in an arm projecting over
iho central axis of the chum, which rotated the dasher as it is raised by the hand^lever.

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246 ANKUAL REPOBT OF TBX

CUim.'^The combiiMitkm of the sKdinr n«t £ uA ann F wiUi tiie bur Q, lenor I, icwir
jy, luid dttsber C\ in the iiuumer herein shown and described.

No. 37,5]2.~nJoiiK B. Learock, of Boston, UMm.—Impnniemgmt in Back Sigkitfor Fire-
arms, — Patent dated January )^, IQGUi, — ^A vortical frame is attached to the breech of the
ffunlij a screw, and within this frame is a sliding block with an eye-piece. The sides of the
name are graduated to make degrees of elevation on one side, and the ascertained elevation
for distances iu hundreds of yards on the oth(>r side. The vertical motion is given by a
single screw under the slide, the shank of the elevating screw passing into the hoiJbw scjrew
by which the sight is secured to the breech.

Claim. — The arrangement of a single elevating screw C within the frame A and its sup-
port or holding screw a, and so as to enable the slider or carrier B and its eye-piece D to be
either elevated or depressed by the revolution of one screw, as described.

No. 37,513. — ^Alvin S. Lyon, of Lawrence, Mass. — Improvement in Shuttle Drivers for
Power Looms, — Patent dated January n^, 1863. — The rocket at the foot of the picker staff
has a curved bane, on which it oscillates, a side flange projecting downwards over the base
has a diagonal slot in which a stationary pin works as the rucker vibrates.

Claim. — In combination with flanged rocker the diagonal slot B and the fulcrum phi 8, or
their equivalent, for the purpose specified substantially as described.

No. 37,514. — Andreas Mayer, of New York, N. Y.'~Imf>rosemeut tn Suj^ar Moulds.— Tal^
ent dated January i^, 186:i — The improvement, which is fully described in the claim, con-
sists in coating with tin or soft solder all the exposed edges and surfaces that are liable to
rust b^ exposure to moisture.

Clatm^ — ^The application of the tin or soft solder to the top and bottom edges of the bod/
of a sugar mould, and to the hoop and upper part of the cast-iron tip, and also to the rivets
previous to connectine said parts, and in dipping their joints into molten tin or soft solder
after the several parts nave been united, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

37,515. — James C. Mix, of Terryville, Litchfield, Conn. — Imwrovemeut in Locks, — Patent
dated January 27, 1863. — ^This padlock is constructed with a double notcti on the shackle,
into which projections on two tumblers or pairs of tumblers interlocJc. These are rotated
towards eacb other by a spring and retained by a dog. The introduction of a key with iui
double ward through the ward plate, and its rotation between the tumblers, spreads them so
as to release the shackle.

C/aim.— First, the dog £ and spring F, arranged respectively in relation with the tum-
bler catches C and fbacklo B, to operate as and tor the purpose set forth.

Second, the waid plate G, in combination with the tumbler catches C, for the purpose
specified.

No. 37,5]6.~njAMES F. and Edwin P. Monroe, of Fitchbnrg, Usm.— Improved Affle-
Paring Machine. — Patent dated Januair 27, 1863. — ^The tum*table through which the knife
shaft projects, and by which it is carried around the apple, is rotated through the medium of
a connecting rod by a cam-wheel which is operated by gearing from the hand-shaft. The
effect of this connexion is to cause the turn-table to retrace its oourse after perfurming its
effective stroke.

Claim, — ^Tbe combination of the turn-table N with the cam wlie<d F, arranged and opera-
ting as described for the purpose specified.

No. 37,517.— Charles & Morrison, of Keokuk, Lee county, Iowsl— Improved Stetm
Steering Apnratus, — Patent dated January 87, 1863. — ^The invention is fdlly described in
the claim, and consists of an auxiliary paddle-wheel near the stem propelling wheel, and
' with its axis at right angles thereto, so as to assist the vessel in obeying the helm.

Claim, — The use of a reserve paddle-wheel acting perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis
of a vessel, and having its shaft above the water-line, in combination with ordinary rudders
or steoi-ers ; ordinary propellers and auxiliary engines acting directly upon the k>ngitudinal
shaft, the whole being arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,518.— MORITZ Pinner, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in ilm&a/aiicef.— Patent
dated January */7, 1863, — ^The novelty in this invention consists in the adi^»tation of a cook-
ing stove- and its accessories to a travelling carriage.

Claim, — ^First, the combination of a cooking stove with the body of a wagon, arranged
and operating for use as an ambulance and kitchen, substantially as set forth and descrit^.

Second, The combination of a cooking stove with water tanks and a wagon, arranged for
use as an ambulance or locomotive kitcSen, either sepacatel/ or eombinedt substantially as
set forth and described.

Third, an ambulance wagon combimng the following features, to wit: an ambulance, a
medicine chest, a wagon, compartments for storing. provisions, a cooking stove, and a baking
oven, the whole arranged and operating substantially as set forth and described.



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I C0MMIS8J0VEB OF PATKKTS. 247

No. 37,5ia-^OH5 Wyatt Beid. of New York, N. Y.-^hapromment in Fort^leations.'^
Patent dated Janaary 27, li^3.— The invention coasiato in coostractfaiff walla to resist shot,
of solid blocks of iron locked together br cavities and proieetions ; and fhrtlier, m making
walls of cast-iron blocks whose weight shall opfwy an eiieetive resistance to shot.

Claim, — Locking together solid blocks of metal to form fortification walls bj means of
correspK>nding projections and cavities on the opposite sides of the blocks, when the said
projections and cavities are formed and arranged m the manner lierein shown and described,
to avoid injurious, weakening of the blocks and prevent tlieir displacement horizontally iu
any direction.

Also, the application of heavpr masses of cast-iron in lien of stones to form the battery
fronts of forts, and to the re-entorcing of existing forts, in the manner substantially as sot
forth. The application of cast-iron in the form of phites or sheets is not claimed, bat only
in the form of masses or blocks, and where the purpose is to destroy the effect of the shot by
the superior weight of tlie opposing masses coiii^posing the wall or easing.

No. 37,520.— Horace Rbsley, of Cumberland, Ud.—Tmprovemeni in Etpl9$ive Shdlsfor
Ordnance. — Patent dated January 27, ltiJ3. — To avoid the explosion of the projectile until
it has entered tlte desired distauce into the object fired at, the charge is ignited by a hammer
or hammeiB projecting from the body of the shell, which are pushed in when the piece is
being loaded, and are projected by springs so soon as the shell leaves the muzzle of tne gun,
to be exploded when they come in contact with the objeol.

Clnim, — ^The arran^ment of the means or devices set forth for protecting the operating
mechanism, and providing for the discharge when desired.

No. 37,521.— N. A. Rhoads, of Waterbury, Yt, ^Improved doMss- fPnufer.-^Patent dated
January 27, 180;). — This improvement is in the sliding jaw or adjustable clamp by which the
wrineer is fastened to the edge of the wash-tub ; it consists of an augle-sliaped piece of
metal, one arm of which is slotted and ridged so as to bear a set screw and enter a groove on
the side of the standard, and the deiconding arm is fiistened hj a thumb-screw whose end
bears upon a circular socket-piece against the side of the tub.

CUum, — First, the combination of the slidiug iaw D and its clamp screw B, with tlie
screw C, or the equivalent thereof, as applied to the said part D, substantially as and for the
purpose specified.

Second, the combination of the slidmg jaw D and its clamp screw B with the screw £, or
the equivalent thereof, as applied to the said part D, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

Third, the combination of the rib d and groove a, or the mechanical equivalent thereof,
with the sliding jaw D, its clamp screw B, and the screw C, as applied to the part D, sub-
stantiallv as and for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the combination of the rib d and groove a, or the mechanical equivalent thereof,
with the sliding jaw D, its clamp screw B, and the screw £, as applied to the part D, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose specified.

fifth, the adjustable beanng or swivel pad, in combination with the sliding jaw and screw,
tubstantially as shown and for the purpose descril^ed.

No. 37,522.— Francis B. Richardson, of Boston, Mass.— /mprovemefU in Elastic Bulb,
Enemm Sgringe§. — Patent dated January 27, 186J. — ^This improvement consists in a more
effective compress for the neck of the bulb, in which it is drawn over the annular projection
•f the plug and firmly clamped by the shoulder and projecting fiange of the screw cap.

Claim, — Improvement in a synnge connexion, the same consisting not only in having a
bearing neck e, extending below the annular proiection or shoulder 6, or its equivalent, made
Upon the plug A, but in having the bulb neck D embrace the neck «, and the annular pro-
jection or shoulder 6, and be compressed on the latter by the screw-cap C, substantially as
apedfied.

No. 37,523.— Edward A. L. Roberts, of New York, N. Y.^Imvroved Vulcanizing Ma-
dUas. — ^Patent dated Januanr 27, 1863. — ^This vulcanizer consists or a chamber, for contain-
ing the requisite water and the goods to be treated, with a tightly fitting top, and a fusible
piug to prevent explosion. The chamber is suspended in a rumaee which surrounds it, and
the neat below is derived from gas or spirit which is allowed to flow in graduated quantity
from a reservoir hard by.

Claim, — First, the construction and arrangement of the vulcanizer, substantially as do-
■cribed, whereby the process of vulcanization is carried on and effected in the same vessel ot
chamber in which the water is contained.

Second, a plug or disk in combination with a vulcanized chamber, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth and described.

No. 37,524.- Henry A. Roe, of Madison, Lake county, Oliio. — improvement in Cheese
rots.— Patent dated January 27, 1863.— The cheese vat is set into and supported by the upper
edges of a water vat or tank. Underneath this water tank is a furnace and boiler, and the
hot water of the latter coomiunicates by means of pipes with the space around the cheese



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248 AHMUAL B8P0RT OF TSS

Tat, 80 as to plaoe the latter in a hot-water bath. The orifioes of the pipes which conneol
the boiler witn the bath are controlled by valves which open downwards, and are operated
simoltaneonsly by a rod and bent arms. Inverted troughs, underneath the cheese vat, direct
the coarse of the heated water as it rises^m the boiler through the openings and distribute
it to the more remote portions of the vat.

Claim, — First, the combinatioii with the heater and vat of a valve or valves, arranged
within the heater, and so as to close against the water in the vat or pipe or pipes leading
from the heater thereto, substantially as specified.

Second, the employment of two or more valves in connexion with the heater and vat, ar-
ranged to control the supply to the vat on opposite sides of it, substantially as set forth.

Third, so arrannnff the valves which control the supply of hot water to the vat as that
they shall close simmtaneously, and when closed any pressure in the heater will act to pre-
vent rather than force the circulation, and when released by handle A, rod g, and elbows ij,
the valves will open by their own gravity, substantially as specified.

Fourth, the combination with the milk vat F and the slats H H H of the inverted dis-
tributiog tiough J J, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 37,525. — C. G. Shaw, of Florence, Hampshire county, Mass. — Improvement in Coun-
ter Shafts, — Patent dated Januaij 27, 1863. — ^The inveution consists in fitting a loose puller
upon a countershaft, and connecting .them by means of two bevel gear wheels ; one of wbicn
is fast to the cone pulley, and the other to the shaft, with a third bevel wheel to transmit
motion from one to the other. By this arrangement the shaft and the pulley are rotated in
opposite directions ; and a backward or forward motion of the pulley may be obtained by
shifting the driving belt to and from a pulley fast to the shaft, and a pullev fast to the cone.

Claim. — ^The combination of the loose cone pulley with the shaft A, in tne manner and for
the purpose substantially as specified.

No. 37,526. — ^EUAS Shopbbll, of Ashland, Ohic-^Improvement in Patterns for CuUingr
Boots. — Patent dated January 27, 186:^ — Around a central plate are a double series of
plates, so arrauged as to slide out by the traversing of pins in certain angular slots, and so
combined together as to produce equal expansion and contraction of the corresponding
parts simultaneously.

C'/atm.~^The plate A, in combmation with the pairs of plates B B', C C and D D', with
their respective slots and angles, producing the simultaneous movement of the several pairs
of plates and the consequent unequal enlargement and contraction of the pattern, substan-
tially as set forth.

No. 37,527.— EUAS Shopbell, of Ashland, Ohio.^hnprovement in PaUem for Cutting
Shoes and Gaiters, — Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^Tbe patterns are calculated for tho
vamp and for the quarter. Each of them consists of four pieces so connected together and
constrained by slots and pins to certain lines of motion as tney are expanded and contracted,
that they form a symmetrical shape of larger and smaller dimensions, being clamped at the
desired point by a central thumb-screw.

Claim, — ^The vamp pattern with its articulation e, and the several slots governing the
simultaneous and pro(H>rtional extension of the pairs of plates B B', C C^ constructed as
specified, in combination with the quarter pattern, constructed as described, and having a
corresponding and simultaneous proportional extension corresponding to that of the vamp
pattern, as herein set forth.

No. 37,528.— M. B. Stafford, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Window Sash FasUn-
ings. — Patent dated January 27, 1863. — By this iuiprovemeut it is intended to lock two
sashes together when closed, so as to prevent them from being opeued from the outside. It
consists of a pivoted bar attached to a plate on one sash, the said bar having a drop-latch
which locks on a curved surface on a plate which is attached to the other sash.

Claim, — The pivoted bar B, provided with the notch or i^ecess c, and having the bar C
attached by a juint d, in combination with the plate D, provided with the ledge /, having
inclined or curved surfaces g g, and the slot A, and also provided with the curved ledge i, all
arranged as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,529.— John Straszer, of St. Louis, M\890\in,^ Improvement in Lanterns.— Patenk
dated January 27, 1H63. — ^The novelty of this invention consists in the method of securing the
upper part of the lantern to the bottom part which contains the oil and burner. The two are
counet'.ted by a hinge upon which they open, and, when closed, are secured together by a catch.

Claim. — The combination of the bing^ and spring-catch, when applied to lanterns, sub«
stantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,530.— BFJ7JAM1N F. Taber, of Buffalo, N. Y. - Improvement in Machine for Ro§sing
Barik. —Patent dated January 27, 1863.— In this machine the bark is fed in from the table to
the cylindei', ^ith the inner bark toward the cylinder ; it is then carried down, by the pro-
jections on the latter, to the knife which removes the ross ; and afterwards to the beiater



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CanOBSIONEB OF PATENTS. 249

irfaere It is broken m> into pieces suitable for grindinff. The toss escapes under the yielding
plate above the knijfe, which is adjusted to its work dj levers clampea by set screws to the
name*

CUum, — First, the combination of the vielding spring pressnre-plate G with the feed cyl-
inder B, for the purpose substantially as described.

8econd| the arrangement and combination of the rossing kmfe with the acynstable levers
UK, for the purpose substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the breaker Q, fingers B, and plate O, with the feed cylinder B,
for the purposes and substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the spring flap L, with the pressure-plate C and feed cylinder
B, for the purposes and substantially as set forth.

No. 37,531.— David C. Talbot, of Worcester, Mass. — Improvement in Coi/ipery.—Patent
dated January 27, 1883. — ^To one arm of the callipers is a bow or arc graduated in inches
and fractions, and to the other au index finger so arranged that the index finger shall be
at zero when the callipers are closed, and shall mark upon the vernier the distance between
the opened fingers.

Claim, — First, the method of applying a graduated scale or measure attached to callipers
or dividers, substantial! v as described.

Second, the movable hand or indicator B, attached to or moved by the arms of callipers or
dividers, substantially as specified.

No. 37,532.— John A. Throp and John Cox, of Three Rivers. St Joseph county, Michi-
gan. — Improvement in Cultiva^tore, — ^Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^This cultivator con-
sists of a wheeled frame which is made adjustable as to width, carryiue a central frame
pivoted to a cross-bar ; the cultivator share standards are suspended from the frame by pivots,
and drawn by swivelled stay rods. The detail of the construction of the parts will be under-
stood from the claim and illustrations.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of the shovel legs on pivots, in combination with a later-
ally adjustable frame, or its equivalent, swivelling connecting or stay rods and yielding con-
nexions or wooden pins, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.

Second, the flexible or jointed frame H, or its equivalent, in combmation with the swivel-
ling stay rods A, legs 1 1, cross-bars A' A'' A", and the cultivator A ; all constructed substan-
tiaUv in the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, adapting the cultivator to the double use of *' seaming*' and "hilling" by tk)
combination of a stiff frame, a jointed, pivoted frame H, and adjustable steps or pins a a,
aabstantiallv as set forth.

Fourth, the jointed frame H, in combination with a rigid frame, when the frame H i^
pivoted at its front ends and supported by a guide at its rear end, substantially as described.

Fifth, the arrangement of the stay rods h and the legs 1 1, in combination with a frame
H, which turns on a difierent fulcra from those on which the stay rods turn, substantially hs
set forth.

No. 37,533. — ^D. H. Tuxworth, sr., of Baltimore, Md. — Improvement in Kettles for Culina^
ry Purposes, — Patent dated January 27, 1863. — This is an arrangement for heating a stove for
culinary purposes, by the use of a lamp whose chimney is conducted up through the kettle,
thus forming a tube around it for the circulation of water ; this circulation l^ing kept up
b€»tween the parts more remote from the heat, and the tubular portion around the chimney,
by a bent tube F.

Claim. — First, the kettle A, provided with the tube D, in combination with the lamp chimney
£, the latter being arranged with the tube D, to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the tul^ F, when used in connexion with the tube D, and lamp chimney £, and
applied to the kettle A and tube D, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37 ^34.— E. W. Vanduzen, of Hamilton Township, Warren county, Ohio.— /m^Frow-
memt in tVater Oangesfor Steam Boilers, — Patent dated January 27, 18o3. — ^The invention
consists in the arrangement of the parts of the chamber which encloses the index mechanism^
so that the interior may be readily reached for examination or repairs. The index spindle
which runs through the chamber is supported at its rear end by a screw which rotates in a
removable cap.

Claim, — ^The eombination of the valve d and cap D with the dial index spindle a, screw «,
and rod/, all in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

No. 37,535.— W. B. Wadswobth, of Cleveland, OUo. ^Improvement in Water Elevators,
— Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^The improvements consist in the shape of the wheel, whose
teeth enter the openiufi^ in the looped linxs ; also in the tilted bar, governed in its motions
by the staple-stop on the inside of the curb, which grasps the front edge of the bucket, draws
it forward, and tilts the contents into the discharging spout

Claim, — First, the toothed wheel, as shown and described.

Second, the wheel in combination with the chain cb bffdd, substantially as shown and
deacribttl*



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260 INKUiX BEFOBT OF THB

Third, tbe tilter f y, in combinatioA with the flftt chain e b hff i d, sabstantiallj m
•hown and described.

Fourth, tbe construction and arrangement of the curved Ulter g y and stops k A, st^bstan
tiallj as shown and described.

No. 37,536.— D. R. Warfield, of Muflcatine, Iowa.— /nrj^r^remefit in Oalei.— Patent
dated January 27, 1863.— This gate is pivoted to an angular rail suspended firom rollers
which traverse a track, and is opened and closed bj means of projecting arras or levers on
each side, two of which are adapted to raise and open the gate, ana the <Hher two to depress
and shut it.

C/atm.— The emplojment of the oentrally-piroted donble-angle rail B, in combination with
the gale A. wheels a a, and levers £ F, m the manner shown and described.

No. 37,537.— George Weedon, now residing in New York, N. Y.-^fmyrovemnU in
Knife'deanin^ JfacAiires.— Patent dated January >i7, 1863. Patented in £n|fland November
9, 1857. — ^This invention consists of a row of sockets into which the ends of the handles are
placed ; a hold-fast or bar clamping them down by pressure near the shoulder of the blade
upon a board where the blades rest to be cleaned bj a hand brush. The knives are reveraed
bj raising the hold-fast, lifting a bar, moving it lon^hwise, and depressing it again, which
rotates the sockets containing the knife handles simultaneouslj.

Claim, — ^The combination of reversible holders, scouring board, and hold-fast, aubatao-
tiallj as deacribed and substantially for the purpose set fortlu

No. 37,538.— Silas Wilson, of Auburn, N. Y.-^Improtement in Condensing Tuhes,^
Patent dated January 27, 1863. — ^These tubes are made with a curved passage lined with
glass.

Claim, — First, constructing the tube with a curved passage substantially as and for the
purpoae specified.

Second, lining the tube B, with a curved piece of glass tubing A, substantially as described.

No. 37,539. — Albert Wdtton, of Frederick county, Md. — Impriwement in Water'
Wked$, — Patent dated January 27, 1863. — The improvements relate particularly to the form
and arranffement of tbe buckets of a turbine water-wheel and the burrounding gate, and
chutes or inlets ; all of which are fully described in the claims.

Claim. — First, the construction of a tusbine water-wheel bbhh tee e formed with a close,
horizontal diaphragm or partition c c and hub d d^ the buckets or floats g g gg^ whose outer,
vertical edge, longitudinally, is slightly curved, as at A A A, said buckets or floats arranged
or standing relative to the centre or axis of the wheel at an an^le of 14^, and whose lower
part is the arc of a quarter-circle, as at t i i; and continuing slomng downwardly at an angle
of 22^, as ei'tjjiji and likewise inclining outwardly at an angle of about 34^, as at K K K



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 30 of 164)