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invention consist in the coudtruction and arrangement of a series of devices, by which the
niatch splints are taken one at a time from the hopper by a grooved cylinder, and fed between
the folds of a revolving binding tape or band, forming a spiral frame of match splints for dip-
ping.

Claim. — First, the employment of a flexible binding tape or band in combination with a
drum adapted to be rotated by a mandrel and removed therefrom, substantially as described,
as a means of forming a spiral frame of match splints for dipping, substantially as hereinbe-
fore set forth.

Second, in combination with a frame-drum moved by friction, the endless band and pres-
sure roller, or equivalent feeding mechanism, fi« the purpose of holding and paying out the
flexible binding tape to the frame, substantially as descnbed.

Third, in combination with the frame-drum, binder, setting, and feeding mechanism, the
fiiction drag, or its eouivalent, tor the purpose of stopping the frame when the feeding and
setting mechanism is oisconnected from its motive power.

Fourth, the receiving cylinder grooved across its periphery with grooves suitable to take in
and hold only a single match splint, each substantialiy as described.

Fifth, the wire brush, or its equivalent^ in' combination with the receiving cylinder, sub-
stantially as described.

Sixth, in combination with the setting wheels and receiving cylinder, the coimt wheel, sub-
stantially as described.

Seventh, the setting wlieels, in combination with the frame-drum and binding tape, sub-
stantially as described and substantially for the purpose of setting the splints in the coils of
the binding tape, as set forth.

Eighth, m combination with the feeding and setting mechanism, the clutch and system of
levers, or their equivalents, whereby the frame is stuped when splints are not supplied at
the proper time, and set in action again by the splint itself, substantially as describea.

No. 37,563. — Giovanni Gaselu, of Florence, Italy. — Improvtmmt in TeUgraphie Appa*
ratus. — ^Patent dated February 3, 1863. — This telegraphic i4>P<"^^^ ^ desired to produce
colored letters or characters upon white paper direct by the line current without any local
battery or relav, and from original writing in ordinarv ink ; to transmit despatches of the
same size as the originals or reduced, retaining the characters of the original writing ; to
transmit different messages simnltaneously throi^ a single line wire ; to reproduce arbitrary
characters by electro-chemical action. The machinery tor producing these effects, and the
manipulations involved, do not admit of a brief description.

Claim. — ^The combination of the spring u and the micrometric screw V*, with the pendu-
tiun of the regulator P^', substantiaUv in the manner herein shown and described.

Also, the employment of the markmg device,- consisting of the oscillating lever jf, screws
b b', slides d' d\ styles v v', and tablets C (, or their eouivalent parts, combined and operating
together, substantially as herein shown and describea, with the pendulum A B, as set forth.

Also, the employment of the copying device, consisting of the segment rack s, bar h i,
levers hi h\ styles o v' and intermittent drum A B, or their equivalent parts, comlnned and
operating together substantially as herein shovm and described, and the pendulum A B» as
set forth.

No. 37,564.— H. Cassedt, of Putnam, Muskingum connty, Ohio. — Improvement in Com
Ploflisrs.— Patent dated Fd»ruaiT 3, 1863.— A central beam with handles and a pair of side
beams, supported by wheels, and each carrying a fnrrower and a coverine share ; before the
covering ihan is a hopper with a reciprocating slide, worked by the wheels, on which the
machine runs. This hopper in its spout is divided by longitudinal partitions, so as to drop
the eraina of com a Uttto distance apart in the hilL

Claim. — ^The combination of the chambered hoppers I, spring slides J, wheels E, shares
O U, and side beams A, with eaoh other and with the central beam C, all in the manner and
£ar the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 37,ii65.— J. li. CONNELL, of Newark, Lickinff county, Ohio. — Improtfememt in Expi^-
give Pr<9sc(a/M.— Patent dated Febtuary 3, 1863.— The invention consists in the exterior ai



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256 INNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

rangements for tecnring the expansion of the packing at the time of explosion. Starting
from the centre of the hemispherical rear end or the \M are grooyes or flutes, which become
shallower as they advance towards the centre of the length of the ball ; at about this point
there are inclined beads or ribs on the projections between the flutes, cast solid with the
shell ; an annular packing of lead is placed around this portion of the ball, and the eflect of
the explosion is to lead the gases unaemeath the lead packing and drive the lead intO'. the
rifling of the piece ; the eflect of the inclined rib before and die explosion behind being to
jam uie packing closely and expand it

Claim. — First, expanding the packing 2 by a combination of the force of the expanding
gas and of the resisting action of separated incline planes, substantially as and for the pur-
poses set forth.

Second, the inclined beads or ribs having flutes between them, in combination with a
loosely-fitted expansible seat, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,566. — J. M. Connell, of Newark, Licking county, Ohio. — Improvement in Per'
cuition Exploders for Shells, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^The invention consists in
hanging the plunger upon a rod or stem in the rear of the screw plug, so that the lateral con-
cussion shall produce a leverage impact of one of the percussion caps against the rear of the
screw plug.

Claim, — First, suspending a plunger upon a projecting stem b of the screw plug A, in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second, so applying a shell-exploder to a shell that when the latter strikes obliquely, or
sidewise, the said ** exploder" shall be ignited bv a leverage impact against the rear of the
screw-plug, in the manner substantially as described.

No. 37,567.— John H. Cooper, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Door Latches, —
Patent dated February 3, 1863.— The latch consists of a vibrating tumbler, whose axis is
vertical, and which has its motion inside of a casing ; it is operated by a button or pro-
jection on the sliding shank of the door knob to open, and by a spring to close ; in the
former case it is withdrawn from contact with the catch on the door jamb, and in the latter
interlocks therewith.

Claim. — The latch L,in combination with the knobs k* and k" and shank A, when the
latch turns on an axis parallel to that of the door, and when the latch is opened Hiy pushing^
or pulling the knobs in the manner described.

No. 37,568.— David S. Cross, of Cincinnati, Ohic—lmprovement in Car Brakes. —
Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^The improvement relates to that class of brakes in which
those of a whole train are all operated by tne engine and are under the control of the engineer.

A sleeve carrying a clutch and windlass runs freely on the axle of the locomotive, and la
slipped alcng^ the axle by means of a brake lever and an arm which engages a collar on
the sleeve. The mashing of these clutches causes the windlass to revolve and winds up a
chain wbdch drags the rubber against the wheels, being fastened to the rubber bar. Tho
chain is prolonged to the next car passing under a roller at the knuckle joint of a descending
toggle wnich, as the cars push forward upon the checking of the locomotive, brings an ad-
ditional strain upon the brake chain and eaualizes the pressure among the adjacent brake
rubbers. On the release of the brake lever the sliding clutch is withdrawn and the windlass
is released by the raising of the pawl.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of driving axle G, sliding and revolving windlass F,
ratchet and pawl H K, clutcn I J, armed shan L M M^ and selt-releasing attachment N m
s', in the described combination with the brake chain £, the whole being combined and
operating as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, in the described combination with the above the cam-headed lever O connected
to the pawl, and operating substantially as set forth.

Third, the provision of toggle P Q and rollers T T' T", or their equivalents, in the de-
scribed combination with the consecutive cars, and with the main brake chain £, for the
equalization of tension of the said chain, in the manner set forth.

No. 37,569. — Augustus B. Davis, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improved Weighing Apparatus. —
Patent dated February 3, 1863.— The object of this invention is to take a series of weights
of various amounts, it necessary, without removing each from the platform as it is weighed;
as, for instance, in proportioning amounts of material to be used in combination, as ore,
coal, and stone, eacn in a determinate quantity. The supplementary graduated beams are
hung below the primary one and are brought into action as needed by theiri^propriate small
levers, the stirrup suspended from the primary graduated beam being provided with kniie-
edges for their reception.

The required beams having been brought Into service, and the weights adjusted to the
proper notch, the doors are dosed and the proof of the weight of the loads, wheeled on to
the plitform, can be read by traversing studs which work vertically in slots in the casing
of the machine.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 257

Claim. — Firstlj, a mdaated beam E connected to the platfonn of a scale, in combination
with any desired uium)er of supplementary gpradaated beams, bo arranged that, by the ap-
pliances herein described, or any equivalent to the same, any one or all of the said supple-
mentary beam» can be connected to or disconnected' from the main graduated beam, for the
purpose specified.

Secondly, arran^in^ the graduated beam E and its supplementary graduated beams within
a box or casing, furnished with doors and locks, substantially as described, and having such
opening^ that, while the attendait can observe the movements of any of the supplementary
beams from the outside of the casing, he cannot gain access to the beams themselves or gain
a knowledge of the weights determined by the beams.

Thirdly, the stirrup J' suspended from the graduated beam E, and provided with knife-
edged bearing k, for the reception of the supplementary beams, substantially as and for the
puipose herem set forth.

Fourthly, the levers M, arranged in respect to the supplementary graduated beams and
stirrups J', substantially as and for the^puipose herein specified.

No. 37,570.— John Dermond, of Louisville, Ky.— Improvement in Military Drums,—
Patent dated February 3, 1863. — In this drum a middle hoop is added to the other two and is
braced by cords to each. The holes passing through these hoops are parallel to the axis of
ftie cyUndrical drum.

Claim. — ^The hoop B attached centrally to the cylinder A, in combination with the two
bracing cords F E and the two bracing hoops £ E, all arranged substantially as shown, to
form an improved military or side drum.

Further, making or bonu^ the cord holes e in the bracing hoops E £ in a direction paraUel
or nearly so with the axis ot the cylinder A and about at the centres of the bracing hoops, as
abd for the purpose set forth. •

No. 37,571.— Daniel Fitzgerald, of New York, N. Y. -^Improved Sails of Vessels.-^
Patent dated Februarv 3, 1863. — These sails are rigged fron^ bowsprits and from other
sprits, and are intended to be self-adjustable, so as to expose themselves to the- wind blowing
in a favorable direction. They favor the parachute, umbrella, and fan, in their form, and m
their ability to collapse.

Clahn. — First, the self-acyusting sails A, constructed and arranged substantially as above
described.

Second, the collapsing jib B, constructed and arranged substantially as above described.

Third, the collapsing circular sail C and D made to fpld like a fan, constructed and
arranged substantially as above described.

Fourth, the mid-jib, between the two bowsprits, as constructed and described.

Filth, suspending a circular sail D between the mast and bowsprit or on a jib-hook, con-
structed ana arranged substantially as ab«ve described.

No. 37,572.— William C. Ford, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improved Paddle- Wheel.—TnteDlt
dated February 3, 186^i. — This invention consists in an arrangement of triangular or pris-
matic buckets in three tiers, so alternating with each other tb^t the water passing two of
the tiers is taken by one of the buckets in the intermediate tier, and the water passing on
each side of this intermediate bucket is taken by the succeeding two tier? of buckets. The
buckets are so placed that their sides stand at an equal angle with the radial line.

An arm-hole with a water-tight valve is provided for each bucket, and flanges or ears by
which they may be fastened to the arms or spokes of the wheel.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of the prismatic buckets ef and g^ in the manner and fdr
the purposes specified.

Second, the construction of the prismatic sheet metal buckets, with the flanges 3 3 and
arm-hole 4, for the purposes and as specified.

No. 37,573.— John James Qreenough, of New York, N. Y. —Paper Bag Machine.—
Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^The paper to form the ba^s is wound upon a roller and fed
from that to the cutting cylinder where its sides are cut to the proper shape to form the sides
of the bag. Next it is operated upon by the side-creasing roller, while the side-strips or refuse
are conveyed out of the machine.

The flap is then folded inward and pressed flat by guides and rollers and conveyed to the
ffmnming disks. At the proper point of its passage a folder strikes the paper and folds it
between two rollers, bringing the two gummed surfaces together, and after this the bag is
separated from the continuous sheet by a separator plate.

Claim. — ^First,' forming a paper bag or other eiivelope by cutting the form or blank therefor
from a strip or roll by circular knives, as herein described, and then folding the same between
a series of rollers without stopping the paper to perform either of the functions, the whole
being combined and arranged substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, also cutting the edges of the paper in an irregular Une to shape the form or blank
by the cylindrical cutters, in combination with folding machinery for making bags, d^c, by
A continuous^ operation, as above specified.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 17



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258 ANNUAL BEPOBT OP THE

Third, also the combination of ^the ">vaste*' rollers W, or ibeir equivalent, for insiiing
the separation of the parts, and removing the waste from the machine, with the cntterB, sab-
stantially as descrlbea.

Fourth, also printing or embossing the paper while it is stretched and held tight on both
sides of the printing apparatus, while being printed, as herein described, when the same if
connected with machinery for making bags aud envelopes for the purposes specified.

Fifth, also convoying the form or blank for a bag or envelope through the preliminarr
operations of forming the envelope, and before severing the same from the strip ofpaper from
which it is cut, substamiallv as and for the purposes set forth, when the bag is formed hj
pausing tie material through a series of rollers, substantially such as is herein set/orth.

Sixth, also embossing the line of the seams of hvLga, or other envelopes, where the/ $n
joined by adhesive material, fur the purpose of cementing the seams more 'perfectly, aad
concealing the joints, as set forth.

Seventl^ also turning the side fold of the blank, cut as herein de6crit>ed, before the bottoa
fold, so as to brin^ the side fold on the inside of the bag or envelope, and securing the same
to the cut lap or side, by which a neater joint is made.

No. 37,574. — Joseph Frey, of Battle Creek, Calhoun county, Michigan. — Impro v emut
in Grubbing Machines. — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^This invention consists of a power-
ful lever mounted on an axle and wheels with a cast-iron head, having suitable prombc:-
ances for the engagement of the hooks of a devisi which is fastened round the grub or
stump of a sapling.

The cast-iron head is held in its position on the lever by a band and link, and the clerii
is provided with a hook on the end for raising grubs bv attachment to the roots.

Claim, — ^The adjustable and movable cast-iron shackle for pulling trees with the roots, in
combination with the reversible wrought-iron clevis, or its equivalent, the clevis being gat*
tered ; and also the adjustable and movablcf castiiron shackle for pulling stool or cap
grubs, in combination with the hook on the reversible wrought-iron clevis.

No. 37,575.— Br.\dley W. Frankun, of New York, N. Y.^Improved rnle^iuMg
Lamp. — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^Two or more seamless vessels are fitted to a cover wiUi
a steam-tight joint, further secured by bolts which press an angular flanged plate against tk
rims of the cups and the packed edge of the cover.

Claim, — ^The construction of a lamp with two or more adjustable compartments, connectf i
with gauze-wire wicks, that shall, when graduated, evolve the proper degree of heat to vul-
canize India-rubber and otber vulcanizable gums, without the use of thermometers, stesm
gauges, or other tests, constructed substantially as above described aud for the purposes set
forth.

No. 37,576.— Henry A. Hannum, of Cazenovia, Madison connty.N. Y.—ImprovemaUit
Buhites, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^This invention consists in an arrangement of &
board which forms a ceiling of the main chamber of a hive, and is intended to act as a coob
guide and to be removable when necessary. To the two lower opposite edges of the board
are dovetailed cleats which support three sided strips or bars from which to suspend the combs.

C/aim.— The board or cover B, with the parallel bars m, aud strips or cleaU », arraofed
and combined as shown, so that the board or cover may be detachea from the bars m, wbeu
necessary, and ahM> used in connexion with them when desired, as herein specified.

No. 37,577. — G. W. Hathaway, of Hinsdale, Berkshire county, Mass.— /m;>ror»f 5&spfsr
L&Dtrfor Looms, — ^Patent dated February 3, 18(^. — ^The invention consists in the attachiint
of the foot of the lever which ships the belt to an adjustable fulcrum and applying to it an
independent helical spring.

Claim, — ^The combination with each other and with a loom, of the rigid lever B, the spinl
or volute spring D, and the adjustable fulcrum a,' substantially as and lor the purpose herein
specified.

No. 37,578.— Thomas Hawks, of Bochester, N. Y,—Inaroved Extract of Malt, ifcjor
making Beer, Ale, and Porfer.— Patent dated February 3,* 1863. — ^The decoction of malt and
hops is reduced to the consistency of sirup, to which sirup of cane sugar is added, not exceed'
ing one-fourth the quantity of the extract It is then further reduced, and gelatine added,
one part geladne to twent v parts of the other.

Claims— A concentrated portable preparation of wort, mixed with and shielded by the strap
of cane sugar, cither with or without the addition of gelatine, for increasing its security against
the influence of atmospheric changes, substantially as and for the purposes above specified.

No. 37,579.— C. B. HXJTCHINSON, of Auburn, N. Y, ^Improvement for Grinding and Prut-
ing Grapes, Apples, ^c— Patent dated February 3, 1863. — This machine consists of an arched
firnne on which the operating mechanism is mounted, spanning the curb in which the pomace
is pressed. The curb is made of staves with openings between for the issue of cider or wine,
as the case may be, an<l it has a concave follower guided by a rod, and depressed by a screw



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COBOflSSIONEB OF PATENTS. 259

pMsing Tertically throoffh the crown of tlie arched frame. The frolt is ^ound in a mill
attached to a frame. The hopper into which the fruit is thrown, is of a spiral wedge-fomi,
gradaalljr approaching the dis>k grinding wheel, and also commencing to assume the circular
motion of the fruit under treatment. The disk wheel has concentric teeth arranged in spiral
groups, and occupying nearly half its face. The toothed cheek in the interstices between
whick these teeth slide, occupies about a quadrant, and a central part of that is taken up by
a depressioji which communicates with the discharge apertufe.

Cunm.— The construction and arrangement of a grinding mill and press together, combined
and operating substantially as herein specified.

Also, the open discha^ depression F, across the face of the case, opposite to the grinding
wheel, in combination with said grinding wheel, arranged and operated substantially as ana
for the purpose herein specified.

. Also, in combination with said depression F, the peculiar construction and arrangement of
the teeth h and A', and ^iral wedge-shaped hopper, as herein set forth.

Also, the guide stem N, projecting vertically from the removable follower E, and sliding
in a lock p, or its equivalent, for the purposes specified.

Also, the combination of the curb X having openings or slots in the lower portion only,
wiih the concave follower K, and guide stem N, substantially as specified.

No. 37,580. — ^N. Jo^ES, of La Porto, Ind. — Improvement in Sewing Machines, — Patent dated
February 3, 1863. — This invention consists in the application to machines having a reversible
feed mechanism of a device to meet the difficulty that arises from the fact that when the feed
is 'in one direction the threads are simptv interlaced ; but when the motion is reversed, the
lower thread forms a coil around the needle thread, and the friction between them is conse-
quently so much greater that the tension requires to be increased.

* In this machine the same movement that reverses the feed acts upon the tension, and, in
sewing back and forth, the tension is adjusted to suit the requirements of the case.

Claim, — So combining the device which produces the tension with the device by the means
of which the direction of the feed movement is changed, that by the act of changing the di-
rection of the feed movement the tension is varied in such a manner as is rendered necessary
l^ such change of direction, substantially as herein specified.

No. 37,581. — Samuel J. Keli<y, of Pomborton, Burlington county, N. J. — Improvement
im Lamps. — Pateiit dated February 3, 18G3. — The burner has a flat top and is pierced by two
flat parallel wick tubes, whose wicks are operated simultaneously by a simple thumb-screw,
their shaAs being connected by gearing, which revolves out of contact with the tubes.

Claim, — The combination of the doubly-perforated and flat-topped cone or deflector F, the
two parallel flat-wick ^bes £ £', shafts G G', milled head U, disconnected elevating wheels
g g't and connected cog wheels h h\ the latter having no contact with the wicks, when the
said parts are constructed and arranoed as herein shown and described and operate in the
manner and for the purposes 8pecifie<£

No. 37,582.— Frederick Kettler, of Milwaukie, W\%,— Improvement in Motive Poxoer.
— ^Patent dated Febniary 3, 1863. — The improvement consists m causing a wind wheel to
gradually wind up weights by the intervention of gearing, the gravity of which shall be used,
to drive machinery.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of a wind wheel with hammers 15, weights 12, i
and levers and toothed wheels, arranged and constructed as herein described, for the purpose
of driving various kinds of machinery.

No. 37,.583.— A. H. Lanoholz, of Chicago, HI.— Improvement in Bridles.— Faient dated.
February 3, 1B&). — ^The nose and jaw band of this bridle are made in one piece, and hooked^
to the upper part of the stiff bit; from thence it passes behind and around in front, through,
the Ipop of the check strap, and behind, hooking to the other side of the bit.

Claim. — The combination of the nose and jaw band £ with the hook G at each end, when
arranged with the head-stall and fastened by the hooks to the top of the bit, as herein de^
scribed, for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,584. — Alphonse Loiseau, of Bemey, France. — Improvement in Machinery for
Coating Thread of one Fibre tvith another Fibre, — Patent date<J February 3, 1863.— The cotton.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 32 of 164)