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acre to bo covered with woollen waste is wound upon mounted bobbins ; from these it passes •
to pressure rollers, which keep it in a state of tension while the woollen or silk fibre, which .
has been previously carded and formed into a sliver, is wrapped around it by being carried ■
through a flyer, which revolves around the core thread.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of machinery for coating or covering ^ core with a thread of
wool, or for surrounding a core of any material with a thread of any desired material, here- -
inbefore described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Ko. 37,585. — John BIadden, of Youngstown, Mahoniag county, Ohio. — ImprovemMU in
Satnng^nuukine Needles. — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — Ihis needle has a groove or chan-
nal oommencing near the point and running up as far as it enters the work when in use,



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260 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

with the exception of one spot near the point end of the channel, where the full roundness
of the needle is left, and through this the channel is connected by a drilled hole.

Claim. — ^As a new article of manufacture, the sewing-machine needle, constructed as herein
set forth.

No. 37,586.— WiLUAM T. MORBOW, of Chicago, VX.— Improvement in Journal Boxes, -
Patent dated February 3, 1863. — This adjustable wedffo is to be slipped between guides on
the face or over flanges on the edges of the^ driving box of a looomotiye, or of tho journal
box of an axle, so that by its means any wear occurring on the face of the box can be com-
pensated without removing the box.

. Claim, — ^The arrangement of the a^ustable liner wedge B, in combination with a journal
box A, constructed and applied substantially as and fur the purposes set forth.

No. 37,587.— J ABfES 0*Kane, of Philadelphia, Penn. — Improvement in Apparatus for
Threading JVae</^.— Patent dated February 3, 1863.— Tho apparatus consists of a plate
which has a projecting funnel-shaped flange to g^de the thread to the hole in the plate, be-
hind which the eye ofthe needle is placed. The needle is passed through a hole in the re-
curved end and retained by the lip until its head comes in contact with the notch in a jdidipg
plate, which is adjusted to the size of the needle, in respect to the relative distance of the
eye from the end in the dififeront sizes, by means of a graduated cam.

Claim, — First, the cam C so formed, graduated, and arrange in respect to the hole c in a
plate a, to which the cam is bung, that tho eyes of the needles of different sizes may, by the
aid of the cam and its gpraduations, be brought to coincide with the said hole in the plate,
for the purpose specified.

Second, in combination vnth the gp'aduated cam, or its equivalent, the slide D with its
notch i, the whole being arranged and operating substantially as and for the purppse described.*

Third, the flexible lip B arranged on the plate a, in respect to the hole c in the said plate,
and the notch i in the slide D, substantially as and for the twofold purpose described.

No. 37,58a— JOHH Percy, of- Albany, N. Y, ^Improvement in Water- Meters. —Vsiteat
dated February 3, 1863. — The valves are balanced by being attached to rods on the opi>eeite
extremities of a walking beam ; they fit into seats on the pistons, which trayerse toeir re-
spective cylinders. The stroke of the piston multiplied into the sectional area of the cyl-
inder is the measure of the amount disaharged, and the movement is vibratory, and the action
of the yalves alternate. The details of construction will be best understood by reference to
the claim and illustrations.
, Claim, — A balance valve, as constructed, for the purpose described.

Also, the arran^ment and combination, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
set forth in the above specifications, of the following apparatus, viz : the yalve chamber P,
with its yalves v and v' and stem T ; the chamber D and £, the cylinders F and 6, with their
pistons U and J connected with. the beam L ; the yalve I and K connected with the beam M ;
flie valve N and O aUo connected with the beam M o ; operating^ yalves I and K; the lever U
attached to the yalve shaft T ; the detents 1 and 2, with their pins 6 and 7 : lever 3 attached
to the shaft of the beam M, with the tripping levers 4 and 5 ; spring W operated by the beam
M, in order to operate the lever v ; the lever X, as connected with apparatus, measuring the
water, forming together a complete water-meter.

No. 37,589.— David U. Pratt, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improved B«f»fearf.— Patent dated
February 3, 1863. — This invention consists in making the side supports for the slats four
inches or thereabouts higher at the head than at the foot of the bedstead.

Claim, — Making bedsteads with the side rail and support for the slats four inches, more or
loss, higher at the head than at the foot, as and for the purpose herein set forth, the same
being a new article of manufacture.

No. 37,590,— Julius H. Pratt, of New York, N. Y.—Netes Distributor,— Feitent dated
February 3, 1863. — ^The inventor is not confined to definite mechanical ap^iliances, but the
invention consists in delivering sheets of paper from a balloon into the air by mechanical
mean^.

C/atm."'^mbining with a lyiUoon mechanism which is capable of throwing off or de-
livering news sheets into the air during the flight of the balloon, for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,591.-^HORATIO Reed^ of Jersey City, N. J. — Improvement in the Process of ManU"
facturing Enamelled Fruit Jars and otiier rc«5c/«.— Patent dated February 3, 186:1.— This
. invention consists in apnlying a coating of melted glass to a red-hot metallic vessel.

Claim. — ^The lining of a metallic can while in a red-hot state with glass, which is blown
in a hot state into a metallic can. *

No. 37,592.— Ferdinand Sautermbister, of Newark, N. J. —Improved Machine/or
Spreading Japan, Sfc., over Fabrics, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^The machine con-
sists of a large central drum and surrounding rollers all mounted on a frame. The cloth to
be operated upon ia fed from the shaft on which it has been rolled, and passing over a roller it



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 261

exposed to the "doctor** or distributing bar and three distributing knives; from thence it
passes to the central drum, which is driven by gearing and has a roughened surface to give it
a hold upon the doth, and thence passing over suitable guide rollers is conveyed from the
machine.

For heavy doth the fiice of the central drum is armed with spring bars having sharp pr<>-
jecting points, so as to insure the motion.

C/atm.~The use of a drum or cylinder with its surface roughened b^ sand, ^vel, pounded
glass, or any like substance, for carrying forward cloths in the process of jaj^nnm? or painting.

Also, the spring bars G and the rou^ned rollers L and M, when used in comoination with
the cylinder.



Mating Jfeto/s.—Patont dated February 3, 1863.^Thi8 machine corrugates the sheet metal

by dies of the form required which press it into troughs or recesses of a correspondiitff shape.

These dies are so arranged in pairs, that one remains in the corrugation ^'ust made, while



the other makes another corrugation, which in turn is placed under the retaining die, and so
on. The lower die plato or corrugated anvil is fixed to a suitable frame with a table, and
the dies are pressed oy toggles attaidied to an adjustable crosshead regulated by screws.

Claim, — First, so operating, retaining and corrugating dies together in a machine for cor-
rugating sheet metal, that the retaining die forms the first corrugation and takes into the
corrugations formed successivdy by the corrugating 4^e, substantially as and for the purpose
set forth.

Second, the organization of means, substantially as herein described, for the purpose of
corrugating sheet metal, the sud organization consisting of the frame A, bed B C, with dogs,
the female dies, the male dies with sash beams, the toggle levers,, or equivalents, a^ustable
crosshead, and the paring or its equivalent, constructed and arranged as set forth.

Third, in a machine for corrugating metal, operating substantially as described, the ad-
justable crosshead with its hand screws and guide screws, for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,594.— David J. Stagg, of New York, k. Y, —Improvement in Sto) Ladder,— F&ient
dated Febmaiy 3, 1863.— This invention consists of a central standard frame with laddegrs
on each side, and so ananged as to serve for a support at all times and admit of their being ad-
justed in an inclined positionfor use by an extension on a slotted arm at the upper end, or
folded compactly away.

C/atm.— -The standing or supporting frame A, in combination with the step ladder, either
or both of them, connected to the frame A, substantially as shown, to admit of the adjustments
herein set forth.

No. 37,595.— Israel Stratton, of Philadelphia, Venn.— Improved Cover for Preserving
Vessels, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — Over the mouth of the jar is laid a circular plate
having a flange fitting on the inside of the neck ; a ring of rubber intervenes between the
plate and the top of the j&r, and a screw rod rises firom the centre of the plate. A yoke which
grips the projecting lip of the bottle is screwed on to the rod and depresses the plate on its
elastic bearing an<f makes a tight ioint.

Claim, — The plato B, its annular flan^ 6, screwed stem and rin^ e, of g^m-elastic or
other suitable material, in combination with the yoke D, and its projections if, when the said
yoke serves the purpose of a nut, and when the whole is constructed and applied to the mouth
A of tiie vessel, and its flange a, as and for thc) purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,596. — Daniel Teeter, of Hagerstown, Wayne county, Ind. — Improvement in
Valves for Steam Engines, — Patent dated February 3, 1663.— In this engine the rotary disk
valve \b mounted upon a valve seat with four opemngs in connexion with a double cylinder,
whose pistons operate ^e fly wheel shaft b^ a two-throw crank. The valve is rotated by
a bevel gear connected by a rod and bevel pmion to a bevel wheel on the crank shaft, and the
motion is reversed by means of a device, detailed in the third claim, for changing by hand the
position of the valve on its seat.

Claim, — ^First, the rotary valve O, constructed as herein represented and described in com-
bination with the steam ports I 2 3 4 in the valve ^eat of the double cylinder D, when said
ports are an'anged and ttie rotary valve adapted to operate in connexion with them, in the
manner and for the purpose set forth. ^

Second, the T-headea spindle U, bevelled cog- wheels c g^ and shaft I, in combination with
the loosdy-fitted bevelled gear-wheel/, feather «, and gear*wheel O, when arranged in the
manner and for the purpose specified.

Third, the bevel pimon J, fitted loosely on the end of the shaft I, and attached to it by
means of a feather or pin », fitting a radial mortise in the hub of the pinion j, in the manner
described, in combination with the fixed cog-wheel m, and toothed segment lever J, adapted
for reversing the motion of the engine by changing the relative position of the valve on its
, substantially as described.



No. 37,597.— Wenzel Toepfer and Herman Ruger, of Milwaukie, Wisconsin.— iiir-
prmememit in Blind Fastenings, Sfc, — Patent dated Febnuury 3, 1863. — ^This is an arrange-



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262 AHNUAL REPORT OP THE

ment for opening and closing outside window blinds and a^'nsting the slats from the inside
without raising the sash, and consists of a sliding bar with a handle protruding from the
window casingt which, bj means of a link, is connected with the lower hinge of the shutter.
When in position notches on the lower side of the bar catch upon the face plate. The slats
axe adjusted \^y a rotating bar passing through the window casing, and by means of a bent
arm operating a lever which litts or depresses the slat rod.

CUtm. — Fmtf the sliding bar D, connected with the lower but B of the blind through
the medium of the link C.

Second,- securing said bar D, or preventing the casual movement of the same, and at the
* same time locking the blind by means of the notch or recess j, pressure rod k, and the open-
ing in the face plate F, as herein shown and described.

jThird, the rod or shaft G, provided at one end with the arm H, and at the opposite end
with the lever I, connected with the slide T, in combination with the pin q on the arbor r
of the knob L, the lip o on the slide T, and the lever P and rod O attached to the blind B,
all arranged to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,598. — J. F. TozER, of Bingham ton, Broome county, K. Y, ^Improvement im Fm-
Unings for Door Latches, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — This improvement consists of
a fastening to be applied to the knob arbors of locks and latches, to prevent the turning of
the knob arbor from the outside. A circular plate, having a segment removed or cut off trom
it, is attached to the iimer side of the collar which is placed on the knob arbor at the mner
side of the door. Between the straight edge left by the removal of the segment and a^stud
or bearing, a wedge is slipped, which prevents the rotation of the spindle when the wedge is
in position.

Claim, — ^The plate H, attached to the inside of the collar £, and having a segment removed
or cut off from it, so as to leave a straight edge or surlace 6, in combination with the beaiing
J, and key or wedge K, all arranged and applied to the door, and in such relation with the
knob arbor A, to operate as and tor the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,599.— James Wolstekholmb, of Providence, B. l,^Imfrm>emmt in Lamp
Burner, — Patent dated February 3, 1863. — The object of this invention is to insure perl'ect
combustion of the heavier kinds of coal oil without the aid of a chimney. It consists of a
cap by which the vapor of the oil from the wick-tube is sufficiently confined to keep it at a
temperature necessary for complete combustion, and at the same time allow a sufficient
amount of air to mingle with it to support the combustion of the hydro-carbon.

Claim. — Surrounding the under side of such flanch with a space of confined air for the
purpose of preventing the coolmg effect upon the flanch of ascending aur currents, substan-
tialiy as described.

No. 37,600.— H. J. Hunt, of Ottumwa, Wapello county, lowawassienor to Self and G.
W. Devin, of same place. — Improvement in Lamp Bumerf.— Patent dated February 3, 1863. —
The cylindrical chamber, which is set upon the lower part, and which in turn supports the
chimney, is formed of metal so cut in ornamental fashion as to be elastic, and enabled to
grasp the chimney, the cone plate, and the rotating disk or diuphragm of the burner.

The wick-raisiuff pipion is operated by the rotating disk, which has holes engaging with a
spoked wheel on the same shaft as the wick, raiser, which is supported on ears made by
pcmching a hole through the wick-tube, and through which the raising pinions operate.

Claim. — First, the elastic drum J, constructed substantially as shown, so as to grasp and
retain properly in position the chimney L and cone or deflector K, and also admit of oeing
fitted snugly on the disk C and readily detached therefrom, as herein shown and described.

Second, the rotatit>^ disk C fitted on the top of the lower part B of the burner, in com-
bination with the stationary rack e on the flange b of B, and the pinion H on the serrated
wheel shaft G, all arranged to operate as and tor the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the spring <f, formed oy slitting or cutdng tne wick tube D as described, and
having such a relative position with the serrated wheels F £, to operate for the purpose set
forth.

No. 37,601 .-^oim B. Mion ault, A. B. South wick, and Charles Spofford, of Bal-
lardvale, and Albert Marshall, of Lawrence, Mass., assignors to William P. Pierce,
president of the Whipple File ManuiSacturing Company, and Wiluam P. Pierce, assignor to
said Company, of Ballardvale, Essex count)r, Mass. — Improvement iu Machine for lioUing
Afcta/«.— Patent dated February 3, 1863.— The object of this machine is to produce articles
of irreffular form, such as blanks for files, by rolling, the relative position of the roUa
whils the articles are passinp^ between them being controlled by patterns. The rolls are at-
tached to shafts in a traversmg carriage, which is driven by a pitman and crank. The rolls
are rotated by pinions on the upper ends of their shafts, which mash into permanent racks
on the side of their track.

Claim, — ^The above-described machine for rolling metals, consisting essentially of the loDa
a and gears H upon the traversing carriage, in combination with the stationary patterns
and rack-bars, operating in the manner substantially as set forth for the purpose described.

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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 263

No. 37,602.— Anthony M. Smith, Jamaica, Queen's county, N. Y., assignor to Gilbert
Sayrbs, of same place. — Improtememt in Window 8a$h Fastenings. — Patent dated February
3, 1863. — The invention consists of a rotating and pivoted hasp, which is attached to one
saah and placed over a hook or button on the other sash. The hook is eccentricallj pivoted,
and in its rotation clamps the sashes firmly toother, and retains the hasp by its shoulder,
whicH, by its rotation, has been made to overlie the ring of the hasp.

Claim, — ^The jointed swivel hasp A, in combination with the swivel hook D and eccentiic
J, arranged and applied to the sasnes to operate as herein set forth.

Ko. 37,603. — ^Alpheus B. South wick, of Ballardvale, Essex county, Mass., assignor
to William P. Pierce, president of the Whipple File Manufacturing Company, of Boston,
Mass., and WiLLLOi P. Fierce, assignor to said Company. — Improvement tn Grinding FiU
Blanks.— V&teui dated February 3, lb63. — In this machine the file-blank is fastened to a
holder and raised vertically, with its face exposed to the grinding wheel ; a roller on the back
of the holder gives the desired pressure, under the control of the operator bv a hand wheel
suitably connected with a feed screw and spring. The elevation ot the file-blank holder is
by means of a chain winding on the periphery of a wheel, which accomplishes a partial ro-
tation and then recedes, being impelled by a pitman from a prime motor connected to'a crank
on the wheel shaft, which crank moves the wheel by contact with a pin on its disk.

Claim, — Tho method of connecting the crank I with the wheel G by means of the pin A,
whereby the blank may be inserted m the holder without stopping the machine.

Also, the combination of the spring t and screw i with the nand-wheel T and roller B, for
the purpose of graduating the force with which the article is pressed up to the stone, as set

No. 37,604.— Joshua Mblvin, of Lowell, Mass.— /mj^ovem^fU in Adhesive Plaster. -
Patent dated February 3, 1863. — ^The invention consists in placing a laver of caoutchouc
between the gelatine and the cloth, or spreading gelatine on caoutchouc, as is fully
expressed in the claim.

Claim, — First, in combination with a gelatinous preparation and a bac^in^ of cotton or
other fabric, tho use of a film of caoutchouc or analogous elastic and impervious mateiial
interposed between the gelatine and the backing to prevent the former from penetrating the
latter, and adapt the plater to be rolled without injury.

Second, spreading a gelatinous preparation upon a foundation of caoutchouc or analogous
elastic and impervious material in the manufacture of adhesive plasters, substantially as set
forth.

Ko. 37,605.— E. Brisson, of Orleans, Fnnce,^Improvement in Orindinf Mills, — Patent
dated February 10, 1863. — This improvement consists in a method of bushing and securing
the spindle in its passage through tne eve of the lower stone, which is accomplished by sur-
rounding it with a hub and recesses, which hold wooden keys ; also, in hangmg the stones
on universal joints — the upper one on the top of the spindle, and the lower one on the bed
plate.

Claim. — First, the mode of bushing or securing the spindle D in the eye E of the lower
stone I, to wit, by means of the cyliimrical hub C, provided with recesses e in its upper end,
and having wooden blocks d and wed^s or lieya fitted therein, the latter being a^ju^ted bv
the screws ^, so as to press the blocks d against the spindle which passes through the hub
0, as set forth: «

Second, the hanging or suspending of both stones I M on universal joints, one stone (the
runner) being ;connected with the spindle D by means of the pin I passing through the
latter, and having the turning bar P fitted upon it, into or through which bar the spindle
passes, and the other stdne fitted .on the pins a a of the hub C or equivalent bearings,
through the medium of the thimble J ana swinging socket L, these latter-named parts,
with the hub C, being applied, if desired, to the outer surface or exterior of stone I and the
parts in the eye K of the stone I, fitted in the eye O of the stone M, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth.

No. 37,606.— Harvey Brown, of New York. N. Y, - Improvement in Lamp i)»ni«rs.—
Patent dated February 10, 1863. — ^The device for raising the wick consists of an outside
thumb-screw on a shaft, with two spur wheels impinging on the wick, and with a spur
wheel meshing into a similar one on another shaft, which carries a wheel impinging on the
other side of we wick, in a position midway between the two former. The appliances for
regulating the draught consist of a perforated band and an interior perforated burner with
corresponding opemngs, by which tne air is admitted or excluded by the partial rotation of
the inner tube or burner. The deviee for holding the chimney consists of a pair of springs,
between which the foot flange of the chimney is insinuated, and held by the retraction of Uie
pin.

Claim, — ^First, the arrangement and construction of the spur wheel A^ in combination and
connexion, by means of the cog wheels D D, or their equivalent, with the spur wheel A, for
the purpose of moving the wick, substantially as described.



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264 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

I

SeconcI, the baud B, in combination with the perforated burner B', substantialij in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the spring C C, constructed, arrangdd, and operated substantially in the manner
and for me purposes set forth.

No. 37,607.— Francis Bush, of Boston, Mass.— /m^roMmenl in Cartridge-hoxes.—PAtesA
dated February 10, 1853.— This is intended as supplementary to Bosh's patent, September
^, IdQ'Zj and the improvement consists in making partitions in the outer casing of the cart-
ridge-box which shall not interfere with the motion of the contained sliding boxes which
hold the cartridges.

Claim, — Providing the outer metallic box or case with one or more partitions in such a
manner that they shall not interfere with the free working of the inner sliding box, for the
purpose specified.

No. 37,608. — Horatio Clark, of Dedham, Norfolk county, Mass. — Improvement in
Steam-boiler Furnaces. — Patent dated February 10, 1863. — ^The grate surface and bridge are
made to conform with the shape of the cylindrical boiler, so as to preserve the iire at equal
distance from all parts of the exposed surface of the boiler, and this in combination with in-
clined jambs.

Claim, — The.grate constructed in a curved form and arranged concentrically, or about so,
with the curved fire surface of the boiler, substantially as described.

A curved grate, in combination with a curved bridge, their upper surface beiug arranged,
Bubstautially as described, with the fire surface of the boiler.

Also, the curved grate and the curved brid^ arran^^ed with their upper sur&ces concentric
with the fire surface of the boiler, in combination with jambs arranged in the inclined manner
with respect to them, substantially as described.

37,609. — John C. Clime, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement i%Centrifufal Governors, —
Patent dated February 10, 1863. — In this device the upper or suspension ro<& of the balls are
made telescopic, and the lower rods, which are pivotea at their outer ends to the upper rods
near the balls, are attached at their lower ends to a sleeve which traverses vertically on the



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 33 of 164)