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scribed. •

Second, the arrangement of the directors d e, with respect to the combined boiler and
shallow evaporating pan, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 37,738.— Phylander Daniels, of Le Roy, Genesee county, N. Y. — Improvement in
Supports for Artificial Legs. — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^A shoulder saddle cem-
p<^ed of a pad and rollers pivoted in supports is suitably braced to the body by cross and
'Girect straps. Over this a strap runs upon the rollers, its two ends being connected to the
upper part of the^ limb socket.

C7«im.— The shoulder saddle C, provided with friction rollers e c, over which passes the
'strap D, secured at its ends to the artificial limb, for the purpose of suitably supporting the
same and allowing the free and easy motions of the body, arranged, combined and operating
substantially as herein set fonh.

No. 37,739.— Daniel M. Devoe, of New York, N. Y. —Improved Clothes Dryer.— Patent
dated Febniary 17, 1863. — The semicircular case is provided with slats occupving a verticfil
position when folded away; but, when drawn* down, forming radial horizontal bars to bang
clothes upon, being sustained in this position by the end which underlies a flange in the
semicircular bottom of the case.

Claim. — ^The anangement of the semicircular slotted case A, provided with springs e on
top, and with a continuous stop A, or its equivalent, on the bottom, in combination with a
series of radial folding bars 6, all constructed and operating in the manner and for the pur-
pose shown and descnoed.

No. 37,740.— James M. Deck, of Buffalo, New York. — Improvement in Ploughs.-^Vateni
dated February 24, 1863. — ^The iron beam of this plough is secured so as to give attaci^ment
for the sole, share, and landside, and from the latter to the mould-boatd.

Claim.—The combination of the cnrved iron beam F attached to the landside E, as shown
and described, with the mould-board D and the share A, or cutting part of the plough, when
the whole are constructed and arrane^ed as herein described and set forth. ^r-^< t

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288 ANNUAL EEPOBT OF THB

No. 37,741. — James Donnell, of Davenport, Iowa. — Improv$ment in Bu-^vea — ^Patent

dated February 24, 1863. — Beneath the main apartment of the hive is a chamber whose fToor
is of perforated metal or wire gauze. Suspended above this perforated bottom is a box; or
traj which admits ventilation around it, darkens the hive by interposition between the open-
ing and the combs, and catches the refuse from the comb.

Claim^ — The drawer C, made in the manner described and arranged in relation to the hive
and comb frame, as set forth, so as to ventilate the comb, and, at the same time, exclude the
light therefrom and catch the refuse from the hive.

No. 37,742.~Jacod Dunton, of Philadelphia, Fs^—Improved Pack Saddle.— Paieni dated
February 24, 1863. — ^Two rectangular boxes are attached at the diagonal comers by a hinge
composed of a metal strap on each, and a pintle and socket on the respective pieces. Beneath
each of these is a pocket and a pad adapted to fit the animars back, and in the rectangular
interval formed above the boxes a third is placed, having a strap on each upper side, which
enters a staple on the adjacent faces of the boxes on which it lies, being secured against lon-
gitudinal displacement by the joint of the hin^e.

Claim, — First, a pack saddle consisting ot two disconnected bars or pads C C, attached
respectively to two cases or panniers A A , connected together by any suitable means, sub-
stantially as hereip described and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination of the two panniers or cases A A, connecting links B B', and
upper case A'^ when the whole are constructed and arranged in the manner herein shown
and described, so that the connecting links of the lower cases shall serve to prevent longitu-
dinal displacement of the upper one, as explained.

Third, the pockets D D , in the described combination with the cases or panniers A A'
and bars C C , for the purpose explained.

No. 37,743.— Francois DUBAND, of Paris, Franco.— /m^yrovemeii/ tn Cotton Gixs.— Patent
dated February 24, 1863. — Patented in France, July 18, 1862. — ^The raw cotton is taken from
the table by a pair of intermittently feeding rollers made of elastic material, and is then
grasped by a pair of hard metal rollers which drag the cotton into the interior of the drum,
where it is exposed to the continued action of beaters, which separate the seed and allow it
to fall out at the bottom of the drum. The drum, with its pair ot rollers, is then rotated part
of a revolution until the roller comes opposite to a helicoidal brush. The rollers, while taking
in the cotton from the table, are revolved one wa^, but their presentation to the brush changes
their motion, and they now feed out the cotton trom the interior of the drum, where it is ex-
posed to the operation of the helicoidal brush and discharged on to another table.

Claim, — First, in combination with the feeding rolls and brush, the carrying and crushing
rolls 1 1', for taking the cotton from the feed rolls to the brush, and at the same time crushing
the seed therein, substantially as described.

Second, in combination with the traversing and rotating carrying rolls 1 1', the intemut-
tently feeding rolU//, so that while the rolls i t' are not receiving cotton, the feed rolls shall
be in a state of rest substantially as described.

Third, in combination with the traversing and rotating rolls t i, the drum k and revolving
beaters or blades <, made and operating together substantially as described and for the pur-
pose set forth.

No. 37,744.— Warren A. Durrin, of Milledgeville, Carroll county, ViL—Improwmtmt in
Stock Fumps. — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The animal, in coming to drink at this
trouffh, stands upon an inclined movable platform like an endless chain horse-power, which,
moviE^ under him, operates a pump to fill the trough.

Claim. — ^The combination of the inclined endless apron A A and frame B B, in connexion
with the governor D D and brakes R and S, and the pitman F, when applied to operate a
pump, as and in the manner delineated and specified.

No. 37,745.— Warren L. Fish, of Newark, N. J. — Improvement in Apparatus for Cook'
in^ with G/M. — Patent dated February 24, J 863. — ^This consists of a vessel with a central
chimney passing through it, and beneath is a chamber with a perforated bottom and windows
in the siaes, in which a jet or jets of gas are barnt to impart heat to the contents of the vessel
above the chamber and around the chimney.

Claim, — First, the herein-described ^as-heating and cooldng apparatus, the same consisting
essentially in the combination of a cylinder, or its equivalent, closed at the bottom by a per«
forated plate, and surrounding one or more jets of gas, as shown, with a chimney arranged
to operate substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

Second, in combination with the cylinder surrounding the flame or flames, perforated bot-
tom and chimney, the making of the said cylinder of a traosimrent material, or providing it
with one or more windows, substautiallv in the manner and i^r the purposes set forth.

Third, in combination with the cylinder surrounding one or more flames, and closed at the
bottom by a perforated plate, as described, of a heating vessel with a central flue, so shaped
aa to constitute the chimney to operate substantially as and for the purposes set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 289

No, 37,746. — ^James P. Gay, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improved Composition for Lubricating
Wagon Axles, 8fc, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — Take of the pitchy residuum of fatty
acids three parts ; petroleum or lacd-oil one part ; warm, mix, and incorporate. In summer
less oil.

Claim, — ^The improved wagon tar herein described, consisting cf the ingredients specified,
combined substanticdly in the manner and in the proportions herein stated.

No. 37,747.— Stephen J. Geohegan and William Ulmer, of New York, N. ¥.—/«-
provement in Bung Socket and Plugs for Barrels. — ^Patent dated February 5M, 1863. — ^A
metallic socket with a thread inside is sunk into the stave, and a plug to match it, with a
square for a turn-wrench is inserted into the socket, with a^ annuls packing on the con-
tracting faces, and screwed down even with the outer surlace.

Claim, — ^The socket A and plug D d\ adapted to applv to the 8l»re C, and to sink even
with the exterior surface thereof, solbstautially as and with the effect 2iereln set forth,

No. 37,748. — Suspended.

No. 37,749.— James B. Gray, of Hudson, St". Croix county, WiscoivCn. — Improvement in
Mode of Operating Weather Strips. — ^Patent dated February 24, 18Gi. — In this invention
there are two strips, one permanent and attached in the usual way to the 'toor, and the other
hinged to the sill. An eccentric on the iamb, to which the door is hingal, is rotated by the
closing of the door, and the sill-strip is lifted by a rod so as to come up uxu3or the door-strip
and close the opening against the weather.

Claim. — The combination of the eccentric g (whether used on one or tJit other, or both
jambs of the doorway) with the strips c and a, by means of the rod or wire \, substantially
as and for the purposes hereinbefore set forth.

Also, the washer m, in combination with the eccentric g, made, construct^^ and used as
and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 37,750. — .Jacob Haeoe, of Shiloh, St. Clair county, Illinois. — Jmprovern^nt in Gang
PloMgks. — ^Patent dated February 24, 18(63 — The beam to which the gang ot ploughs is
attached is fastened to the axle at its point, and in other places, by pins and chaiUif, so as to
give it some play and allow it to become detached when it meets with an obstructic^. The
ploughs are preceded b^ rotary cutters on a dependant arm, and the last plough in tlw gang,
constructed as a subsoil plough, has the share and cutter suspended from the beam b^ a rod.

Claim, — ^First, the attaching of the plough beam to the axle A by means of the stirrup or
loop Q, pin S, and chains d' <r , and bar T, and wooden pin e\ in combination with the lever
or treadle J, all arranged as shown, whereby the plough or plouffhs may be readily raised
above the surface of the ground when neceisary, and the beam allowed to become detached
from the axle or carriage when the former comes in contact with any obstruction which may
lie in their path.

Second, the rotary cutters I, when placed on a screw-rod or shaft H, and secured thereon
by jamb nuts t, and said shaft hung in the arms G G, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

Third, the combination of the bar Z, cutler B', when applied to the subsoil plough X, and
used in connexion with a g^ang plough for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,751. — Robert Hamilton, of Franklin, Johnson county, Ind. — Improved Sugar
Evaporator, — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863.-rThe apparatus consists of a pan which has
two transverse partitions formed of wire gauze, and a final boiling pan further towards the
rear of the furnace which is hinged at one edge, so as to be discharged by tipping. A
chimney rises from the rear of each pan, and a damper in the furnace directs the heat up
either chimney.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of first and final boiling pans B C C D and F, chimneys
G and H, and damper I, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the described arrangement of hinged and removable final boiling pan F and sup-
porting rack M.

No. 37,752. — ^EzrX Haskell, of Canton, Norfolk county, Mass. — Improved Portable Book"
ease. — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — The sides of the bookcase are made folding, and
when erected the shelves are slipped into dovetailed gprooves in the sides, so as to lock them
together. The shelf and its back board are fasten^ permanently together, and for trans-
portation two shelves with their backs make a box to carry books.

Claim. — The series of removable shelves C D, &c., composed of pieces b c d, which,
when two shelves are placed together, fom> a box, as represented in Fig. 6, in combination
with the folding sides A B, substantially as described.

No. 37,753^ — George D. Ha worth, of Decatur, Mhcou county. III.— Improvement in
Seeding Machines, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — Attached to a bar back of the wheels
on which the frame rests are scrapers, which, by the reciprocating motion of the bar, are
made to sctape the wheels and remove accumulations of sou.

H. Ex. Doc. 60—19



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290 ANNUAL REPOET OP THE

Claim.—The scrapers P P when attached to a sliding bar O, arran^ as shown, to adadl
of the scrapers being passed laterally over the surfaces of the whe^s C, when neceesaiy,
and not be m contact with the latter when not desired for use, sb herein set forth.

No. 37,754.— Charles W. S. Heaton, of Belleville, St. Clair county, HL, assignor to
J. J. PiGOOTT and Henry Rentchler, of same place. — Improvement in Com Plamert, —
Patent dated February 24, 1863.— This machine, mounted on wheels, is intended to plant two
check rows at once, and the novelty of the devices particularly refers to the dropping aod
covering arrangements, which are duplicated, one for each row. The com is placed in hnh
pers, on the floor of which a slide valve works, having four holes arranged In a rhomb mr
the reception of com, and which, on retraction, drop it down two channels ; at the foot id
these is another slide valve with holes which drop the com immediately behind the shace.
These two slide valves are connected by a rocking lever, so that their action is alternate, and
the upper one is in the hopper obtaining a supply while the lower one is discharging.

The com is covered by a roller atta<3ied to a dragging frame, on which is a oox to hold
the necessary weight.

Claim. — First, the employment of two alternating slide valvee, in connexion with KpaalB
channels, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the holes in the valves and the arrangement of the tubes, on a
rhomb instead of a square, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of the tooth or share, two valves and a series of tubes or channeb,
substantiallv as and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the employment of weight boxes in connexion with a coverer, the whole eon-
stracted substantially as and for the purpose described.

Fifth, the arrangement of the devices above claimed in connexion with the frame A A,
goose-neck lever, slotted rock-shaft, all constructed and operating substantially as and for the
purpose described.

No. 37,755. — ^AusTiN D. Hoffman, -of Bellville, Wayne county, Michigan. — Im^rnw^-
ment in Board Measure. — Patent dated Febraary 24, 1863. — ^This device consists of a sqwe
stem, each side having two columns of similar graduations, but differently numbered. At
the end of the stem is a wheel and a central intemal screw with a traversing nut, so arra n g p j
that five revolutions of the wheel shall move tho nut, and the index fingers on the oot^e,
from one of the graduated marks to the next ; and on a central column each revoluti«a stay
be read off.

The wheel is marked with eieht circles to correspond with eight columns, and each of the
drcles and its corresponding column is designed for a specific length of board, as 10 fae^ 12
feet. Sic; each of these circles is divided into as many divisions as correspond with the niuii-
ber for which it is intended to be used.

The edge of the wheel, the index on the wheel, as well 06 those on the stem, being at aero,
is rolled on the end of the board, beginning with zero at the starting edge, and the fint
series is indicated on the face of the wheel, and the number of revolutions on the stem, ao
that after passing in this way over the ends of all the boards, the reading of the result maj
be seen on the stem, plus the amount on the index, in the column and circle of the figue
which corresponds with the length of the board.

Claim, — ^The dial wheel B, having several circles differently graduated, in eombinatkn
with the indices £, and several scales or columns of figures, all arranged to measure difi^ent
lengths of lumber, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,756.— B. B. Hotchkiss, of Sharon, Litchfield county, Comi.^hnproveme9iim Per-
eussion Fuze for 5Ae//».— Patent dated February 24, 1863.— This invention relates to that
class of percussion shells in which fulminates are exploded by a loose hammer in the act of
striking the object, and consists in making the sliding hammer with a hard shell or casing
and a soft metal interior and base, so that in the act ot firing, the inertia of the striker shaO
bring it against the bock end of the interior of the fuze plug, batter up the soft base of the
striker, and thus gradually overcome the inertia of the striEer, without causing a rebound
that might explode the cap ; the hard exterior nrevents the distortion of the cylindrical
form of the striker which would hinder it from sliaing easily in the fuze plug.

Claim. — ^A percussion hammer or striker constmcted substantially as herein described,
having a hard exterior and a soft interior and base, for the purpose specified.

No. 37,757.— Moses G. Hubbard and Andrew J. Smith, of Syracuse, N. Y.— Aijpiwe-
mentin Driving Power for Spinners, — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The speeder shaft
is driven by the pressure upon it of a driving pulley ; a driving rim which receives its motion
from the machinery impinges upon .this pulley, and another rim, similar in shape, which
rotates freely on its axis, but has no lateral motion, is connected with the dlfiving rim by

Earaliel bars which work freely in their points of attachment to either wheel ; these pftrallel
ars are set at an angle, of sav 70 degrees, with the faces of the rim-wheols, and the t^ha
of the device i^, that should toe resistance of tho shaft cause the driving rim to slip on tti



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COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS. 291

surface, the action of tlie parallel bars wbicb connect the two rims will be to cause a efeater
pressitf-e of the two rims together, and consequently increase the adhesion of the oriying
surfaces on the speeder shaft.

Claim, — The construction and arraneement of the parts in -such manner as to increase the
pressure on the shaft C. bj its own resistance and the driving power operating together, for
the purposes substantially as set forth.

No. 37,758.— Thomas Kendall, sr., of San Francisco, Cnl.^Improved Gold Miners'
Washing Pan, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^This apparatus is composed of two pang
fitting tightly on their upper margins, the outer one having steeper sides, so as to leave a
pbcket between them. A hole in the bottom is closed by two flanged disks, which are
clamped together by a screw bolt, retaining the edge of the orifice between them. ,

Claim.'-^rhe pocket «, as formed and made by pans A and D and coupling Q, with its
parts F and O and packing v, with screw Z in combination, as constructed and arranged
and substantially described therein.

No. 37,759. — John F. Klein, of Trenton, N. J. — Improvement in Apparatus for determine
ing the Size and Form of the Head and adapting the Hat thereto, — ^Patent dated February 24,
1^.— The arms of the conformitor are made to project so far in one direction from the stock
that holds them as to sdrve for taking the form, and shaping a hat to fit it, the proiectlng end
of the arms being of sufficient thicuiess to allow for the leather lining with wnich the hat is
finished.

The lower ends of the arms are turned out, so as to render it easier to fit it on to the head
and to keep it from falling into the hat

Claim, — A composition constructed substantially as described, to wit : so that it can be
used to take the form and size of the head, and then put into a hat to shape it (the hat) to fit
the head.

No. 37,760.— Lucius J. Knowles, of Warren, Worcester county, 'hiMs,-— Improvement in
Fancy Looms. — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The invention principally consists in the
employment of cranks and toothed crank-wheels operating in connexion with revolving
lifter and depresser wheels, so arranged that the cranks may be turned to the highest or
lowest point of their revolution for the purpose of raising or lowering the heddles or the drop-
box, and in this way, for the wearing of^checks and figured goods, run the loom with economy
of time and power by dispensing with the cam.

There are other pomts of improvement in this loom which are mentioned in the clmm, but
the limits of an al^tcact will not admit of a detailed description.

Claim. — Operating the heddles by means of cranks capable of being turned independently
of each other to the opposite extremes of their throws, as indicated by the pattern chain, or
its equivalent, substantially as described.

Also, operating movable shuttle-boxes by means of cranks so arranged as to be turned in-
dq>endently of eachpther from one extreme of their throws to the other, under the direction
of a pattern chain, or its equivalent.

Also, the rotating lifter and depresser cylinders, operating as set forth, for the purpose
described.

Al«o, the crank wheels c c2, constructed and operating substantially as described for the
purpose specified.

Also, the gear k and segmental gear wheel h, in combination with a rotary lifler and de-
presser cylinder, for the purpose set forth.

Also, the cam s upon tne shaft of the wheel k, in combination with the ledge r upon the
Bogmental gear A, for the purpose described.

Also, loosening up the harness cords by means of the vibrating guide rolls, or their equiva-
lents, for the purpose described.

Also, connecting the drop box with the mechanism by which it is operated by means of a
cord and pulley, substantially as described.

No. 37,761.— Herbert Marshall, of Dracut, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improved Pie
Stamp. — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^Attached to the stock is a revolving nandle and
n revolving crimping wheel with a guide to follow the curve of the pie dish. As the wheel
is brought to a place to commence making^ the print, it is simply drawn around the track as
the wheel in its revolution follows the margm of the pie by the automatic rotation of the handle.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the revolving handle A with the crimping
wheel C and curved lever-guide £, in Uie nuumer hereinbefore described and represented in
the accompanying drawings.

Ko. 37,762. — James P. Mayhuoh, of Leitersbni^g, Washin(]^n county, Ind. — Improved
Clothes Frame. — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^This invention consists of a central casing
with slotted vertical fistces, and containing within it in a folded or collapsed state the devices
upon which to hang the dothes. These consist of three arms hinged on each sido at difl^nt
heights, and connected to a slide which has handles attached ; these handles being pulled



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292 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

out eommence to elevate the hanging arms, and poll forward a side plate whleh fits into the
caiing, which, as it is protracted, forms a post for supporting the arms in their horizoiltal po-
sition, by dropping the shanks of the handles into notches in the said side plate.

Claim, — First, the use of downwardlj-foldiuff arms, in combination witn yielding hinges
y, operating in the manner described to adapt tne arms to fold within a smaUer space.

Second, the combination of the slides £ with the side plates C, and arms F, substantially
as and for the purposes set forth.

Third, the general combination of the centre post A, side plates C C, and downwardly-
folding arms F F' F'', when constructed, arranged, and operating in the manner and for the
purposes specified.

No. 37J63.— J. U. Mueller, of Detroit, Mich.— Ptfzzle.— Patent dated February 24,
1863. — ^Tho inyfention relates to that class of toys in which, by means of several pieces of wood
of different colors and different shapes, a variety of figures can be formed. In Uiis case the
forms are triangles of two configurations, two of each, in certain relative positions forming a
square, and by multiplication of pieces being susceptible of forming a variety of patterns ;
the peculiar relations of their sides and angles beinff defined in the claim.

Coum.— The employment or use, in a puzzle, of two diffra-ent sets of trianglee A B, which



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 39 of 164)