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Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. online

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are of such a shape that two sides of each triangle of one set are equal to two sides of eaeh
triangle of the other set, and the three angles of the triangles of one set are different from tbosa
of the other set, substantially as and for the purpose herein sho?m and described.

No. 37,764.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y.—Improvememt in Breeeh4oading
Fire-arm, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The breech piece containing the charge cham-
ber swings laterally, being released by a tapering sleeve which is retracted along toe barrel
to a stop. The breech piece has a connexion obliquely with fhe axis with a supporting piece
which is screwed on to the rear of the barrel, and the fitting of the gas-tight' joint between
the breech piece and its supporter is adjusted by a set-screw in the extreme rear, worting on
a conical projection on the rear of the breech piece. The sleeve, wheU the breech piece is
closed, is Drought back to its place over the breech and there locked by a catch.

Claim. — ^The swinging breech or chamber d, in combination with the tapering sleeve g,
and breech supporter 6, substantialy as and for the purposes specified.

Also, in combination with the foregoing, the adjusting screw /, hemispherical or conical
projection m, and the inclined lug k, for the purposes and as set forth.

No. 37,765.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y.— -Improvement in End-thrust Bear-
ings, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — On the propeller shaft is a collar having a circular
groove on its face ; in this groove are friction bolls which run on an annular plate which
abuts against the ioumal-box through which the shaft*passes.

C/atm.-rThe collar d and balls i t, arranged and appUed as set forth, to take the end-thrust
of the propeller shaft, as specified. ^

No. 37,763.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Travelling Batte-
ries,— Vtiteni dated February 24, 1863. — ^This battery is mounted upon wheels, and has plated
sides and a Y-shaped forward part to deflect balls ; it has also a frame to precede it similar to
a cow-catcher, and mounts a swivel gun, to be fired through port holes. The floor of the car
between the pairs of wheels hangs low near the rails, and nas rails affixed to it for the purpose
of restoring tne battery to the track if it has been run off, and removable where it is neces-
sary, to repair the track.

Claim, — The travelling battery specified, provided with the Y-shaped end e, and inclines
e\ as set forth.
' Also, the arrangement of the movable platform sections A A, as and for the purposes specified.

Also, providing the movable platform sections h A, with the rails 4 4, for the purposes and
as set forth.

No. 37,767.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Hose Coupling. —
Patent dated February 24, 1863. — The two flanges on the ends of the pipes are coupled to-
gether by a hinged clasp, which locks down upon them and is screwed in position.

Claim, — ^A hose coupling having the hinged clasp c d, fitted with the screw/, and receiving
the flanges 1 2, in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,768.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y.-~Improved Steering Apparatus, —
Patent dated February 24, 1863. — The rudder stock is surmounted by a bevel wheel, which
is supported qu balls running in a {^oove in it and in the casing surrounding the g|earing, the
wheel being rotated by a bevel pinion on a horizontal till^ shaft by the ordinary tiller wheeL

Claim. — The arrangement of the horizontal shaft gj pinion k, and wheel/, within and sus-
tained by the casing c, as and for the purposes set forto.

Also, the horizontal wheel/, in comoination with the rudder stock, when fitted substantially
as specified, so that the rudder is free to work endwise without disturbing or altering the po-
sition of the wheel/, as set forth.

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No. 37,769.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Navtd Ram for the De-
HrucHon of ike Enemy's Ships. — Patent dated Febnianr 24, 1863. — A shaft or bolt is con-
Btmcted, which lies along on the keel of the vessel and capable of being projected through
the prow by means of a rack and pinion beneath it. The orifice in the prow through which
it passes is guarded by valves inside and outside, when the ram is not run out, and the latter
is provided with a charge-^chamber and a cutting-edge at its point, and with a weighted-box
at Its rear to assist its momentum.

Claim. — First, the stop-cock or cocks d and 0, applied at the end of the vessel below the
water-line, in combination with the movable ram a, tor the purposes and as specified.

Second, the circiilar cutting-edge and the cannon applied to and combined with the mova-
ble ram in the manner specified, so that said cannon can be loaded when the ram is drawn
into the vessel, or a new cuttin^^-edge substituted, as specified.

Third, the ram fitted to slide m the opening in the vessel through which it is projected, in
combination with the weighted-box A, contained in the vessel, bat not attachoa thereto, for
the purposes and as specmed.

No. 37,770. — Charles Perlet, of New York, N. Y, -^Improvement in Closing Qoors, —
Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^A saddle piece is pivotod to a plate on top of the door with
a cord attached to it which passes between horizontal pulleys and then over another pulley,
where it hangs within the door, casing, having a weight attached. As the door closes under
the. draught of ihe cord the saddle piece settles itself ootween the two horizontal pulleys so as
to bring the door to rest parallel with its frame.

Claim, — ^The saddle piece i, receiving the weight cord, in combination with the rollers e e',
and acting to close the door, in the manner and as specified.

No. 37,771.— Charles Perlet, of New York, N. Y. —Improvement in Discharging Shells
from Balloons, — Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The bomb is placed in a basket, which
consists of two parts joined by a pin in a barrel. The basket is elevated by a balloon or gas-
bag, and a time match lighted, which, as the fire reaches the end, ignites the powder in a nipple
and explodes the charge in the barrel, driving out the pin and allowing the bomb to drop.

Claim. — ^The employment of a divided basket or receptacle, sustained by a gas-bag, and
carrying the bomb»or other article to be dropped by the opening of said basket, as set forth.

Also, the employment of the hinee-pin e and barrel/, to disconnect the halves of the basket
by firing out the said pin e, as set fortn.

Also, a bombshell, or its equivalent, attached to and conveyed by a gas-bag, in combina-
tion with automatic means for disconnecting the said bomb at a given time, as set forth.

No. 37,772.— Treat D. Prosser, of Fond dn Loc, Wis,— Improvement in Ventilators,—
Patent dated February 24, 1863. — The movable perforated disk and the perforated plate on
which it works are both miade of glass.

Claim, — ^A ventilator constructed by cutting out suitable orifices in a pane of glass or other
transparent substance, and applying thereon a movable disk of a similar transparent ma-
terial, in the manner substantialiy as set forth.

No. 37,773.— E. B. Bequa, of Jersey City, N. J,— Improved Combination of Globe and
Chimney for Lamps, — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863. — This combined globe and chimney
consists of a chimney or neck with an oblate spheroidal top ; the point of junction of *tfaie
two portions b^ung contracted, aad the oblate spaeroid ground on one side, and plain on the
other. .

Claim, — ^The combined elobe and chimney composed of the oblate spheroidal part a and the*
conical neck (, so arranged that it mav be applied to the burner and have the relative posi-
tion to the jacket and cone thereof and to the flame as herein set forth.

Also, having one side/ of the part, a of the globe and chimney ground^ and the other side
g plain or nnground, as specified.

Also, forming the upper part of the neck h of the globe and chimney with a circumferential
sunken portion a', but this only when used with the particular form of a globe and chimney,
as herein described.

No. 37,774. — ^Pierre Eugene Richardiere, of Paris, France. — Improvement in Buttons, —
Patent dated February 24, 1663.— A bar or bolt is formed in the interior of the button, over
which the thread may bepoMed without being exposed on the outer surface of the button.

C/«tm.— A button, having formed in its interior one or more bars or partitions, over which
the thread passes, substantially as herein described, to 8ecu4 it to the cloth or other material
yritbont being exposed on the iace of the button.

No. 37,775. — E. H. Sawyers, of West Grove, Davis county, Iowa. — Improvement in Cnl-
ItMloff.— Patent dated February 24, 1863.— This cultivator is suspended beneath a carriage,
gnided by the driver by means of a lever and a vertical crank rod,*which deflects the forward
point of the cultivator to the light or left, vibrating on a spindle,, which projects downwardly
fiom the carriage. The upper end is attached by a draught rod to the tongue, and its rear
is a4)(utod vertically by a lever and chains.

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Claim.'^The main frftme C, gmde rod G, metallic sapport J, leTen H I, Tods • a, plovttli
frame F, and spindle j, the whole combined and arranged to operate in the manner and I<a
the purpose specified.

No. 37,776.— U. A. Shockley, of Litchfield, Monteomery county, lU. - impravemenf in
Seeding Machines, — ^Patent dated February 34, 1863. — rhis machine^x>n6ist8 ot a triangular
frame, with a wheel at the forward angle, and two seed boxes tdwards the rear, the forward
one for sowing in hills and the rear one for sowing in drills. The gates sliding in the bottoms
of the seed troughs are in either case driven by a band from the roller, and when planting
in hills the intermittent action is obtained by a toggle, operated by the revolving shaft and
connected with 4he seed slide.

Claim, — The combination, in the manner herein shown and described, of the shaft I, i
gle H, the seed slides G G, and lever A^ with the shaft D, helpers C, supporting wheel J
pulleys c c, and frame A, all as herein set forth.

No. 37,777.— Henry Simon, of Providence, R. l.—Skirt Studs and Sleeve Button.- Patent
dated February 24, 1863. — ^The stud is composed of a shell or case of sheet metal with a
backing or filhng of enamel.

Claim, — ^The improved stud or button described, composed of a shell of sheet metal with
a backing of enamel, the whole article being substantially such as specified.

No. 37,778. — ^David L. Stiles, of Rochester, N. Y. — Improvement in Cooking Stoves, —
Patent dated Februarr 24, 1863. — The front and rear sides or the elevated oven are provided
wiUi flue plates, which are connected at their lower ends and diverge as they rise, so as to
compel the heated air to pass to the upper comers of the stove : passing thence, it circulates
along the top of the oven, and is deflected downward and up again over the middle of tho
oven to the exit flue. A heated air chamber, having communication with the outside, is con-
nected with the oven by tubes passing across the flue and thimbles, which are dropped over
the tubes through holes in the floor of the oven.

• Claim, — ^The flue plates b b and d <2, conjoined at the bottom but diverging toward the
enter comers at the top of the oven, so that the heated air, in equal columns, is concentrated
at those comers as it rises, in combination with the interior flue plates // and movable di-
vision plates b 6, in elevated oven stoves, for the purpose of equalizing the heat throughout
the same^ substantially as set forth.

Also, the arrangement of the loose perforated thimbles Ac, in combination with the stationary
heated air tube i, substantially as and for the purposes shown and described.

No. 37,779.— Lewis S. Thomson, of Brooklyn, N. Y,— Improved Mosquito Frames, —
Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^Thls frame is made expansible to fit within the casing of a
window. The comers are riveted together and the side detached in the middle, so as to be
put together by running a sleeve upon them, or detachable, packing them away for transpor-
tation or to be laid aside.

Claim, — ^An expanding mosquito frame formed of bars fitted so as to be increased or de-
creased in length to fit the window and i-eceiving the netting or gauze, and in combination
therewith the joint at the angles, for the purposes specified.

No. 87,780.— Silas Vernoy and Nicholas Oyerfield, of Meskoppan, \^oming county,
Penn. — Improved Revolving Shelves. — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863.— The shelves are
affixed to a vertical shaft, which is pivoted above and below. The central shaft is four-sided,
with square mortises* in the sides at such distances as may be convenient for the shelves ;
* vertical strips are then fastened to the central axis, and through the mortise, of which the
strips form one side, the slats for the shelves are arranged. The same constraction is re-
peated on each side.

Ctoim.— The po^t A, notched or recessed, as shown, and having the side strips or boards
c secured to it, in combination with the slats B B^ all arranged as shown, to form a new and
improved article of manufacture, for the purpose specified.

No. 37,781.— Henry E. TimNEH, of Boston, ^lasa.— Improvement in Draught Regular
tors, — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The invention consists in dividing the smoke fine
bv a vertical partition ; that from the fire being commanded by a damper, and that commu-
nicating with the exterior hj a ventilating register, permits them to be used separately or to-
gether, and to dampen the nre or to ventilate, as may be desired.

Claim, — ^The combination of the register D, the damper £, and the division plate or parti-
tion G, operating as set forth, for the purpose described.

No. 37,782.— ^AMES Warner, of Springfield, ^MsAn,—Improfvement in Sights for Fire-
arms.— Patent dated Febraary 24, 1863.— The two sights are pivoted to a base plate, which
is fastened to the barrel of the gun. The higher sight and the base plate are both slit at the
hinge end, so that the motion of the screw shall tighten all parts of the joint.

Claim. — ^The combination of the screwed jomt pin, the sut b in the base A, and the sUt^
in the leaf B, substantialljr as herein described, whereby the screwing up of the pin is cMisea
to tighten all parts of the joint

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No. 37,783.— G. A. Watkins, of Spring^eld, Windsor countj, Yt^Improvement in
Hooks for Fastening GfamMiUt.— Patent dated February 24, 1863.— A hook is formed with
a hole in the flattened shank ; through this an eyelet is passed, the fabric or material being
between them, and the tube of the eyelet riveted down upon the shank of the hook, consti-
tuting a hooked eyelet

Claim. — ^A fastening for India-rubber and other blankets and garments designed for mill-
taij and army use, composed of a hook and an eyelet attached permanently to the shank a,
substantially as herein snown and described.

No. 37,784.— William H. Wilson, of Providence, R. I.— 5leere Birf^cm.— Patent cfated
February 24, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a bar acting in connexion with two studs on
the back of the button to connect the cufis ; the studs or posts which pass through the button-
holes are there retained by the vibration of the bar which is attached to one post, engages
with a notch in the other, and is retained by an elastic catch which is passed oehind a pro-
jection <m the back of the button.

Claim, — ^The combination of the two posts a i, the bar B moving in a plane parallel with
the head of the button, the elastic arm C\ and the projection/, the whole operating substan-
tially as herein specified.

No. 37,785.— J. A. Englehard, of St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Self and George Hartmak ,
of same place. — Improved Monty Safe /or Tnsvei/ers.— Patent dated February 24, 1863. —
This consists of a flat case to be worn on the breast, slung by straps passing over the
shoulders and buckling to the side of the case, which is divided off into pockets for the re-
c^tion of money, &c.

CUUm, — ^The safe A, with its pockets B D E and straps ^ A; or m n, all being constructed
and arranged substantially as and for the purposes specified and represented, as a new article
of manufacture.

No. 37,786.— James W. Guernsey, of Tioga, Pa., assignor to Self and H. A. Guernsey,
of Wellsboroufi^h, Pa. — Improvement in Hydrant Voltes. — Patent dated Februaiy 24, 18^.—
Underneath the chamber nrom which the discharge pipe proceeds is a rotary disk with two
openings which permit the water to escape up through them when they are brought to regis-
ter with the discnarge opening in the head of the chamber ; the motion of the disk ** shuts
off" or *'lets on" the water, the pressure of the latter keeping the valve to its seat.

Claim, — ^The employment of the double-way cap E, constructed as set forth, in combina-
tion with the perforated disk valve J, stem H, and chamber A, all in the manner herein
shown and described.

No. 37,787.— Robert M. Hughes, of Oxford, Chester county, Pa., assignor to Self, J. .
A. Blake, and S. Wood, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement tit Coupling Heads for Rail'
road Cars, — ^Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^The heads are counterparts of each other, and
a link is permanently connected to each by being hung upon the projecting hook and secured
by the pin; when tlie cars are to be coupled either of the links is introduced into the coup-
liiig head of the other car, and as it enters raises the catch lever which it passes, and the
latter foUing behind it, secures it in position.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the coupling head A and link D, when the latter is per^
manently connected to the former by the hooked projection i and pin m, or their equivalents,
and when the head is so formed in respect to the link as to allow the same to be raised or
lowered, the whole being constructed substantiallv as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, in combination with the said coupling nead A and link D, the eatch lever B, hung
to the head and arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose specified. •

No. 37,788.— Datid Krauser, of Pottsville, Pa., assignor to Self, Henry P. Stichter,
and Lewis C. Thompson, of same place. — Improved lee Cau//c.— Patent dated February
^, 1863. — ^This caulk is attached to a stirrup or frame, which embraces the heel in such a
manner as to be thrown into position under it with the points down, or stowed away in under
the shank of die boot when not required for use ; to accomplish this motion it is pivoted to
the front bar of the frame which surrounds the heel.

Claim, — ^The heel frame A, in combination with the flat plate C, when the bitter is so at-
tached to the former and arranged in such relation therewith as to admit of being placed directly
beneath the heel when the spurs or points /are required for use, and admit ot being turned
over into the hollow of the sole when not required for use, substantially as shown and de-

No. 37,789.— P. B. and L. C. Bbynolds, of Prophetstown, Whitesides county, Bl., as-
signors to Themselves and Clark G. Reynolds, alt of same place. — Improvement in Cul"
tiestors.— -Patent dated February 24, 1863. — ^This two-horse cultivator is intended to stir the
breadth of two baulks, and has acj^justable side beams which carrv the shovels so as to bring
the rear shovels nearer, to the row of com which is spanned by the machine.

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These rear sboyels are made a^'ustable laterally, so as to throw a greater or
amount of soil to either side bj means of a plate on the side bar to which thej are attached,
which is rotated and confined to a determinate position by a pin.

Metallic bands which descend from the front bar follow a line below and parallel with ^
side beamSf giving a lower and secondary support to the shovel stocks, which, as the sUft
bars are contracted, move in slots in the midole transverse bar of the frame.

Claim, — First, the arrangement upon adjustable beams B C of two or more pairs of per-
forated lever adjusting plates H A t, for the purpose of adjusting two or more pairs of shovd

stocks Gl G2 1 1, in the manner and for the purpose described.

Second, the arrangement of the bent sustaining bars F F, side beams B C, and slota bc$s,
in the manner and fcr the purpose described.

Tliird, the arrangement of the frame ABODE, swingletree I, draught rods J J, adjusta-
ble hangers K K, perforated lever adjusting plates H H H H, swivelling square or flat top
standards Gl G2, bent sustaining bars F Fjand slots b e s, the whole constructed and oper-
ating together in the manner and for the purposes described.

No. 37,790.— John F. Schuyler, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to William E. Lock-
wood, of samepttice. — Improvement in Machines for Planishing Paper. — ^Patent dated Feb-
ruary 24, 1863. — ^Two rollers are suitably journalled in standards, the lower one having a
smooth surface and heated by steam, the upper one having a slightly ribbed surface madeV
draw-filing longitudinally.

A third and smaller roller with a larger diameter at the middle than at its ends is joamaUed

on springs located in front of and between the other rollers.

The paper is passed over the smaller and between the pair ot rollers, tbe lower moving
faster than the fabric by the slight retention of the paper by the action of the upper m

the supplementary roller.

The slip of the lower roller on the fabric has the effect of planishing it, and tho grater
middle diameter of the small roller spreads the paper and removes the creases.

Claim, — ^The use of the smooth planishing roller £, in combination with the pressure roller
D, when a number of small longitudinal ndges are formed on the latter roller, aa set (oA
for the purpose specified.

Also, the auxiliary pressure roller E, of the form described, in combination with the nppei
and lower rollers D and E, for the purpose specified. ^

No. 37,791.— John F. Schuyler, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to William E. Lock-
wood, of same place. — Device for Feeding Paper to Cutting Machines, — Patent dated Feb-
ruary 24, 18(53. — ^The clamp is composed of two plates, which are compressed together by
raising a cam lever so as to grasp the edge of a sheet of paper to be pushed towards the eot-
ting apparatus. At the rear end of the clamp is a pawl which engages with the verged
side of notches in a rack let into the table, and, as the pawl comes m contact with a tootb,
the cutter descends ; the pawl is then tripped out of contact with the tooth, and the piper is
pushed along until' another tooth is engaged, the distance between 'the teeth of the Juk
being the measure of the feed.

Cutim, — ^Tho clamp composed of plates D and E, the cam lever G, or its equivalent, and
the pawl F, the whole being constructed substantially as set forth, and operating in coiyuDO-
tion with a rack B, as specified.

No. 37,792.— John F. Schuyler, of Phihidelphia, Pa., assignor to William £. LocE-
WOOD, of same place. — Improvement in Apparatus for Bending and Folding Paper CaUiMrs
and other Articles of Apparel, - 'Va,tent dated February 24, ldt>3.— The fabric to be operated
upon is first cut into shape and placed piece by piece upon the endless tapes, being regif
lated by the motion of a registering arm so as to luive the collars tho proper distance apvt;
steam is achnitted below and retained by a double inclined roof above, lined with oiled siUc,
to render the collars flaccid preparatory to their being folded ; as they reach the point where
the tapes descend k bar falls, which grips the collar by the rear edge, and while it is thus so-
pended a knife comes forward which pushes it between two roUers that press it flat and dis-
charge it on to a table. *

Ctotm.— First, a trough Y, to which steam is admitted, in combinatii>n with the eadlen
traversing tapes z x, the whole being arranged and operating substantially as set forth for
the purpose specified.

Second, the roof W, with its lining y of oiled silk, or its equivalent, when anrao||[ed in
respect to the trough Y and endless tapes 2, substantiallv as and for the purpose set mth.

Third, the registering arms T, or their equivalents, when arranged in respect to and bpei^

Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 40 of 164)