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revolution of the winch and gearing applied by an endless chain to the axis of the two wheels
which support it under pressure derived from the end being set under the car, the weight of
the operators acting as on a lever to press the wheels upon the track as they stand upun the
suspended platform. The wheds are made to run free upon the axle when desired to use it
as a barrow.

Claim, — First, a lever-traction truck, substantially as described, and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the providing of a truck which has two wheels, with the suspended platform and
the jaws d <f, or their equivsJents, substantially as described.

Third, the providing of a truck which has two wheels and a lever frame, with gearing as
described, for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, tongued washers in combination with the grooves in the wheels of a truck operat-
ing as describe, for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,819.-1^ Lynde, of Marathon, Cortland county, N. Y. — Improved Clothes Dryer. —
Patent dated March 3, 1863. — ^This clothes dryer consists of a frame with lines stretched ffom
the projecting arms, and made to traverse by wheels on a grooved track so that the frame
may be hung with clothes and then run out of doors upon the extension track for exposure
to the air.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the wheeled line-carrying clothes frame C (one or more,) in
combination with the sectional grooved elevated track A A', constructed and operating in the
manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 37,820.— John McClellakd, of Washmgton, D. C— Improvement in Hydrants,^ .
Patent dated March 3, 1 863. — On the inside of a cap or cover of a hydrant or fire-plug is a pivoted
arm on which is a valve sliding in a guide so as to close or open the orifice of the water-main
for the attachment of the hose. It is operated from the exterior by a cross handle rotating a
crank whose pin works in a slot in the pivoted arm.

Claim. — ^The sliding valve C, with its slotted arm F, and the crank or eccentric D, with
the cap or cover of a hydrant or fire-plug, in the manner herein described for the purpose set
forth.

No. 37,921.— Joseph A. Montgomery, of Columbus, Ohio.— impror«i Machine for Cutting
Sfuare Threads of Wood 5cret05.— Patent dated March 3, 1863.— The wooden screw blank
being chucked in the lathe, it is submitted to the action of the tools, which are three, and
all mounted on one slide rest which has a longitudinal and a transverse motion. The tool
in front is a tuming-off bit, and as it is advanced to the blank die others recede in the rear.
When the blank is dressed off the transverse slide is brought forward and the rotary square



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302 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

faced cotter tool is preiiented to the blank having its plane of rotation parallel to the pitch of
the screw to be cat. A Y-shaped cutter on a stock ninged to the shde-rest is brought into
action when a Y-threaded screw is required, which pares o£f the angle of the square thread.

Claim. — First, catting screw threads with vertical or square edges on wooden blanks by
means of a rotary tooL

Second, the combination of a rotary and hinged tool on the one stock or slide-rest, sub*
stnntially as described and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the construction of the periphery of tho rotary tool substantially as described.

Fourth, the combination of the rotary tool, hinged adyustable Y-shaped tool, and the tum-
ine-off bit or tool, with the slide rest, substantially as described.

Fifth, setting the shaft of the rotary tool oblique with respect to the centres of the lathe,
substantially as set forth.

Sixth, tho combination of the two driving belt pulleys or drums with the tools for turning
off the bench screw blank, catting Y-threads on the same, or for cutting the square or perpen-
dicular edged screw threads, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,822. — John Neumann, New York, N. Y.—Jmprovement in Pressing and Polishing
Metal Vessels, — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — The vessel is mounted on a mandrel in a lathe,
and a tool consisting of a lever and a hard metal polishing roller is pressed against it by heaar
rested on a slide-rest as a fulcrum, and by the motion of the latter led along the whole length
of the vessel to be polished.

Claim. — ^The employment or use, in. combination with a lathe and mandrel, of a lever C,
provided with a steel or other hard metal roller P, applied to a slide-rest, or other equivalent
feed mechanism, in such a manner that the latter will properly feed the lever and roller along
while the same is pressed against the vessel G on the mandrel, and also serve as a bearing
or fulcrum for the lever, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,823.— Benjamin O. P.\iqe, Lowell, lUss.—Tmproved Stop Motion for Drawing
Hea4i«.— Patent dated March 3, 1863. - A tripper revolves with the upper roller, and should
the sliver break or become so diminished as to let the upper down to the lower roller, a pro-
jection on the roller trips the lever catch out of the notch m the slide rod, the consequence of
which will be a stoppage of the railway drawing head and the carding mechanism connected
with it.

Claim. — An improved or positive stop motion or mechanism, the saipe consisting of the
tripper A, or its mechanical equivalent, combined with a lever latch z, and so applied to the
upper calender roller as to revolve with it or be revolved by its shaft, and be therebv caused
to operate in manner and under circumstances substantially as hereinbefore specified.

No. 37,824.— Hermann G. C. Paulsen, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Rtfining
Sugar. — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — The improvement consists in passing through t&
mass of sugar an alcoholic vapor at a low temperature to leach or drain out the sirup sus-
pended by capillary attraction among the crystals of sugar. This is done bv the suction of
an air-pump connected to the lowest part of the refining vessel, together with a surface con-
denser and receiver. The contents of the vessel being cooled to 90^ or 100° Fah., the
mother liquor is blown out by a blast of air, communication closed, and the vessel exhausted
of air bv the other air-pumps ; the vapor at a temperature of 100° to 150° Fah. is then
admitted from the vessel where it is heated, and drawn through the mass of suear.

Claim. — ^The application of alcoholic vapors of the temperature and for tne purpose as
herein stated to rehne crystallized sugar.

No. 37,825.— John Hermann Rudolph Reffelt, of Hoboken, N. J.— /morovemsiit in
Numeral Frames. — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — ^The various wires are occupiea by balls of
lengths proportionate to their relative value as numerals on that board. This may be a regu-
lar arithmetical series, as 1, 2, 3, &c, or decimal, as 1, 10, 100, &c., or fractional, as 1, i,i-y
&C., to be used in teaching notation and in performing arithmetical processes.

Claim. — The division ot the balls used into sections of compartments denoting uni^, tens, ,
hundreds, and thousands, (or any denominations desired,} and the use of sliding pieces t>f
various proportionate lengths, to denote fractions.

No. 37,826.— Andrew J. Reynolds, Dayton, Ohio.— Improvement in Pumps.— intent

dated March 3, 1863. — ^In this pump the piston or plun^ is hollow, and by a recurved neck
discharges the water ; the piston works in a double-acting pump chamber beneath the level
of the water, and it has two openings, one above, and the other with a ^vitating valve on
its lower end, so as to admit water at each stroke, the chamber in which it works having two
valves, one of which admits water at each motion of the reciprocating piston. The piston
rod is suspended by a collar on the ends of two bolts which pass through the arms of the
bell crank in which the oscillating lever or pump handle is socketed.

Claim. — First, the hollow piston D D^ E F/, containing the double-acting disk valve C",
within the said piston ; the whole being constructed and operating, in connexion with a
double-acting pump cylinder, or its eouivalent, substantially as set forth.

Second, the arrangement of bolts N N', serving the twofold purpose of pivots and set
screws, the collar O, bell crank K L M M, and pedestal H I I,^the whole being combined
with and serving to operate a water-discharging piston rod D^ in the manner set forth*



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS, 303

No. 37,827.— George P. Boberts, of St. Looifl, Uo.—Improved Box AfacAtiiM.—Patent
dated March 3, 1863.— On the horizontal bench is a vertical back board and two stocks,
which latter are made adjustable relatively to each other by set screws projecting into holes in
the bench. A plate is affixed to the back board having slots, through which project spring
clamps, which slide by sleeves upon arbors behind the back board and are thus held*against
the stocks. The side or end pieces of the box being jset np, are held for uculing between
these clamps and their respective stocks.

Claim, — First, the employment of the adjustable gauge stocks C, in combination with the
plate B, all being constructed and arranged to operate substantially as and for the purposes
set forth.

Second, the spring clamps g, constructed and arranged to operate substantially as herein
described in combination with the stocks C, as and for the purposes set forth. *

No. 37.828.— Wm. S. Sabipson, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Conduit Pipts,^
Patent dated March 3, 1863. — The tube is formed of annular sections, which are made of
bricks having on their respective faces a tongue and a groove to fit one within the other and
avoid lateral displacement. The annular sections are attached and retained bv iron rods and
annular plates which strain the sections together; the iron exposed is covered by cement.

Claim, — Forming tubes or cylinders for water pipes, cisterns, &c., of tongucd and grooved
(or otherwise equivalent-shaped) bricks and iron bond-plates and tie-rods, in combination
vfith a composition or cement lining covering the iron-work, substantially as and for the
purposes herein before set forth.

No. 37,829. — George W. Sayre, of Pisgah, Butler county, 0}i\o.— Improvement in Qrad-
img and Dressing Roads, — Patent dat^ March 3, 1863. — The invention consists of a scraper
suspended by a frame from the hounds and axles of a wagon, and operating for the width of
the wagon track to level the ^ound, beine advanced obliquely so as to throw the ground to
the ofif side, and returning, raise the ground in the middle of^the road. A plough in front of the
scraper is used when desired to make a track for a water-course or ditch.

claim, — First, the combination of the scraper A with beam C, angle brace d, hbiged
brace E, and levers G G'.

Second, the plough P, in combination with scraper A, when constructed as and for the de-
scribed purposes. s

Third, the above-described machine when combined, arranged, and constructed as and for
the purposes set forth.

No. 37,830.— John J. Schillinger, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in Percussion
Apparatus for Explosive Shells. — Patent dated March 3, 1^3. — ^This shell is divided into
two chambers by a partition which contains a cap tube. The forward end contains the ex-
plosive charge, ^d the rear chamber a plunger for exploding the cap on the impingement of
the shell against the object. This plunger is attached to the base ot the projectile by a com-
bustible cord.

Claim. — tlrst, dividing the interior space of a shell or the hollow part of projectile into two
separate chambers, one containing the charge of powder, the other contaiumg a plunger,
when the said plunger is secured to the shell as hereinbefore specified.

Second, fastening the said plunger to the end or rear part of the shell or projectile by
means of a combustible cord, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein
described.

No. 37,831.— Wm. Spalding, of Port Clinton, Ottawa county, Ohio.— Improvement, in
Grading Machines, — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — ^This scraper is to be attached underneath
a farm or log wagon, being suspended by a chain from the frame and a bolt from the axle,
and drawn by bolts attached to eye-bolts beneath the axles. The scraper is raised and low-
eied and its inclination adjusted by a lever chain and segment rack and by a screw-nut on
the hind axle from which the rear of the scraper is suspended.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of rods a a 6 6, in combination with staples or eye-bolts
c d^ for attaching a plough and scraper combined, jas described, to the axles of an ordinarr
farm or lumber wagon, thereby adapting said wagon to use as a grading machine as specified.

Second, the pivoted lever H, segment rack I, and chain e, in combination with the eye-
bolts edQ^ rods b 6, and screw-winch or lever-nut J, for raising and lowering or adjusting
the inclination of the plough and scraper combined, when connected with a wagon in the
manner substantially as described.

No. 37,832. — John J. ^uire, of New Haven, Conn. — Improved Register for Gas and
Water Meiers, — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — ^The invention consists in combining cams and
levers with the ordinary toothed-wheels or movements whereby the figures indicating the
measurement are exposed at orifices in the face plate which are in fi'ont of each dial, the
action of the shields, which are operated by the leveis and cams, being to hide the receding
figure and prevent confusion.

Cfaow.— The above-described arrangement of the cams, levers, and shields when applied
to gaM or watw meters as and for the purpose herein set forth. \



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304 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF fHE

No. 37,833.— John Temple, Wm. M. Mills, and Atlas L. Stout, of IJiddletown,
Batler county, Ohio. — Improvement in Water Wheels, — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — The
upper annular rim has a cui-ved lower face, and the lower rim an inclined upper face, between
wliich the buckets of scroll shape are placed, having a centre discharge.

C/ai*i.— 1'he combination of the curved or concave top flange or rim A with the inclined
straight flange or rim B, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purposes sub-
stantially as described.

Also, the combination of the flanges or rims A B, constructed as set forth, with cyma-
reversa or scroll buckets c, in the manner and substantially as specified.

No. 37,834.— William S. Todp, of Mechanicsville, Cedar county, Iowa.'— /mpr<njew«iit
in Corn- Planters. — Patent dated March 3, .1863. — ^The frame of the pUintor is supported on
wheels which are joumalled in hmged frames. One wheel follows each seed box, which
discharges its seed in the groove left oy a share or rod.

Claim. — The arrangement of the secondary hinged frames H forming the bearings for the
axles of the wheels O, in combination with the main frame A and the driver's seat F, all
constructed and operating substantially as and for the purposes -shown and described.

No. 37,835.— William G. Tuttle, of Geneva, N. i: .—Improvement *t» 5atr».— Patent
dated March 3, 1863. — ^The teeth are alternately a doable cutting tooth and a straight clear-
ing tooth, the face of the latter being hollowed so as to present a catting comer sharper than
a straight rectangular dress.

Claim, — ^The employment of alternate clearing teeth d d, the ends of which are concave or
notched, so as to foim sharp or pointed comers, in combination with the triangular pairs of
cutting teeth a a' arranged on a smgle saw blade, substantially as and for the purposes herein
set forth.

No. 38,836.— Maximilian Wappich, of Sacramento, CBl.—Improved Defensive Armor
Plates. — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the maimer of forming
the plate and the fitting, strengthening and adapting it to varied positions and circumstances.
It consists generally of a plate with a fair exterior mce, with projections which pass through
the wooden casing and inner plate and are there keyed. It nas also flanges or bent ends
having notches in their edges, and bracing plates extending from its inner surface to the in-
ner plating of the vessel, to which the armor is farther secured by bolts, which, keyed on the
inner side of the plating, are fastened to projecting logs on the inside of the armor. The port-
hole is secured by a square frame, which occupies the space between the armor and inner
plating and a plato which supports it inside. Hebates on the inner edges of contiguous
plates are filled with bre^ik-joint strips.

Claim. — First, armor plates having projections /to pass through the side of the vessel,
substantlallv as and for the purpose described. ^

Second, the projection Ac, which is formed on the inside of the flanged armor plate to clasp
the head of the bolt /, in combination with the bolt i when fastened with key A, in the man-
ner and for the purpose substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the bent ends and angular projections and notches m m with
the flanged armor plates, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Fourth, applying to the side of the vessel and behind the armor plates backing ribs ddm
an edgewise position, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Fifth, securing the port-hole by a united ring r, inside frame a, and flanged armor plates,
combinod substantially as and for the purpose described.

^ixth, providing the adjoining edges of the flanged armor plate with grooves or recesses
10, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,837.— W. PoWELL Ware, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Mica Lamp Chim-
neys. — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — The firame of the chimney is formed of angular metal*
lie plates within rebates, in which the flat panes of mica are secured.

Claim. — ^A mica lamp chimney formed ol a frame coustmcted in such a manner as to ad-
mit of the insertion of flat slabs or panes of mica, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 37,8:i8.— John Warncke, of Buffalo, N. Y,— Improved Composition for Restoring
Colors to Cloth, S^c, — Patent dated March 3, 1863. — Composition : Two gallons rain water,
two ounces ammonia, two and a half dunces cochineal, one ounce cudbar, half an ounce
English tin, one-quarter of an ounce spirits of salt, one-quarter of an ounce alcohol. Mix ;
apply warm with a stiff bnish, thoroughly saturating the cloth.

Claim, — The composition of matter heroin described and the mode of applying it, for
restoring colors to faded and soiled cloth, substantially ab herein let forth.

I No. 37,839.— Eu K. Wlsell, of Warren, Trambull county, OMo.'-Improved Sp<^ Mackime.
— Patent dated March 3, 1863. — Upon the frame of the machine posts are erected which sup-
port the traverse rod, and on this the traverse rest moves, carrying two head blocks, eadi
with two sets of mandrels for the securing of the pattem and the spoke, which are passed



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 305

the length of the traverse track in contact with a revolving cntter, and then automatically
rotate the spoke and pattern simultaneously a part of a revolution by means of au inclined
plane, pawl, and ratchet, and thus proceeds tUl the whole surface of the spoke has been
turned off in accordance with the pattern by a series of longitudinal movementd. When
the spoke and pattern, whose mandrels are geared together, have performed their full revo-
lution, tho traverse frame is thrown out of gear and the spoke dropped.

Claim. — First, cutting the spokes in longitudinal sections by means of a revolving cutter
and a traversing motion of thb spoke and pattern, and the rotation of the spoke and pattern
by sections in concert with each other, in the manner specified.

Second, the roller K, upon which the pattern rests, for the purpose specified.

Third, the inclined planes J J, in combination with the pawl and ratchet 1 1', when ar-
ranged and operating as and for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the finger P and rod T, when arranged and operated as described, for throwing
the traverse frame out of gear.

Fifth, the traverse frame D and mandrels F F' and G CK, in coipbination with the revolv«
ing cutters, arranged and operating as set forth.

No. 37,840. — Jacob Wolf, of Fort Madison, Gee county, Iowa. — Imprtmement in Razor
Straps. — Patent dated March 3, 18G3. — ^This improvement consists in substituting a plate of
polished zinc for leather on one side of a razor strap, to be used dry or wet The razor to be
moved edge forward in the act of sharpening.

Claim, — ^A razor strop, provided with a surface of polished zinc, as and for the purpose
herein shown and descrioed.

No. 37,841. — Solomon S. Mecay, of Kilboume, Delaware county, Ohio, assignor to
Spenser Mecay, of same place. — Improvement in Rotary Steam Engines, — Pateut dated
March 3, 1863. — Between two disks are certain convoluted plates whose tbrm ma^ bo seen in
the illustration. At the centre, through the hollow axle, steam is admitted, and its points of
egress are at the narrow ports between the plates driving the wheel, partly by impingement
ot the steam on the atmosphere, and partly by the non-equilibrium ot the wheel.

Claim, — Constructing the drum or propelling cylinder of a rotary, steam, or other motor
with seffmentol rims D D D D, having hooked or bent ends E E E £, so combined and
arranged together as to form short compressing channels F F F F, and exhaust outlets G G
G G, disconnected and remote from the ports B B, and whereby is acquired an enlarged area
of capacity, and an accumulating chamber 1 1 1 1, thereby affording an increased volume of
steam and also avoiding friction, substantially as set forth, shown, and described.

No. 37,842,— H. M. Preston, of St. Louis, Mo., aasignor to A. H. Baker, of same
place. — Improved Machine for Tenoning Spokes. — Patent. dated March 3, 1863. — ^This inven-
tion consists in the construction and operation of a cam upon the revolving cylinder so that
tho cutter shall receive a lateral as well as a rotary motion, to impart an oval shape to the
tenon of the spoke.

Claim, — ^The employment of the cam F, arranged upon the cylinder E, or its equivalent in
effect, in such manner as to impart to the cutter a reciprocating motion, in combination with
its rotary motion, for the purpose of forming oval or flattened tenons for spokes of wheels,
substantially as herein set forth and represented.

No. 37,843. - jACOB DUNTON, of Philadelphia, Penn.— /m»rore<< Can or F/m^.— Patent
dated March 3, 1863. — The bottle is coverea with a casing of wood, and an outer shell of
metal and the projecting neck of the bottle is protected by a flange or shelf which rises from
the top of the flask.

Claim, — ^The combination of an outer casing C of sheet metal and interposed body B B'.
of cork, wood or analogous material, with a flask or bottle A A,\ in manner herein described
and for the purpoees set forth.

Also, the guard D applied to the outer casing C, to protect the neck of the bottle or flask
in the manner explained.

No. 37,844.— Jacob Dunton, of Philadelphia, Vek.— Improved Pack-Saddle.^Teki^ut dated
March 3, 1863. — ^Pivoted to the saddle is a transverse beam, from the ends of which the load
is snspended. The load is hold against the sides of the animal and steadied by guys from
the pommel and cantle.

Claim. — First, the application of a pivoted beam to a bearing saddle, substantially as and
for the purposes set fortn.

Second, a pack-saddle provided with a boara or beams, constructed substantially as de*
seribed, and adapted for the suspension of burdens from adjustable points, in the manner and
for the purposes nerein set forth.

No. 37,845.— WiLLARD H. Smith, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Perforations in Lamp
BMiMrt.-*Patont dated March 3, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in making the perfora-

H. Ex, Doc 60 ^20

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306 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

tions through the lamp bamer with a raised rim, on which the chimney reets, so thnt a ciar«
rent of cold air shall circulate beneath the flange of the chimnej and prevent the coDdoctHMi
of heat from the chimnej to the burner.

Clainu^A raised perforation, as shown at c, in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, when used in coal"«3
and other burners, the whole b^ig arranged substantiallj as nid ifor the herein-desehbed
purposes.

No. 37,846.— Stephen M. Allen, of Wobum, UaM.—Improvement in Rtducmg Lmg-
gtapte Fibre. — ^Patent dated March 10, 1863.— Fibres of flax, hen^>, jute, and like matemls,



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 42 of 164)