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having its band grooves in vertical planes longitudinal of said trunk, the whole being com-
bined and operating substantially as set forth.

Second, tne end^ischarging horizontal trunk B, whose sides b b\ toward its dischar^ng
ehd, are disconnected from the frame, and are confined by cams 1 1' for the pressing ot the
bale, and are adapted to spread for the release of the bale, substantially as Vet forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 311

Third, constrocting the follower of an end-dlschai^tng horizontal hay or cotton press with
aide winffs H H', which project forward and embrace the hay'or cotton on two opposite sides
during the advance of the iollowr-r, in the manner set forth.

Fourth, the rear upper door C, hinged at the back, and having the sliding panel c adapted
to close the rear end of the trunk until the passa^ of the follower, as herein explained.

Fifth, the provision, in an end-discharging horizontal press, of an expelling block or blocks
X, attachable to the front of the follower and operating as described.

Sixth, the described arrangement of pressing and retracting windlasses N and P, sweep T
Q 9, gearing S S^ treadle P, cords O and K, pulleys L, toggle M, and follower G, as and foi
the object stated.

No. 37,874. — Suspended.

No. 37,875.— Alexander Ross, of Brooklyn, N. Y. - Improvement in Fire-Alarm and
Htat'DeteUort, — Patent dated March 10, 1863. — The invention consists in the application of
a compound strip of two different metals to complete or close the electric circuit by the in-
cieaso or decrease of heat, and in combination with a movable index and a scale to close the
circuit at any predetermined point or degree of heat so that the closing will spring an alarm
or actuate anv suitable device.

Claim, — The combination with the compound strip of an index movable on a scale to com-
plete the circuit at any degree of heat corresponding with the point on the scale at which ths
index may have been set, and for the purpose described.

• No. 37,876.— Amos W. Sanoster, of BuflGalo, N. Y.^ Improvement in Dies for Turning
Flanges. — Patent dated March 10, 1883. — The object is to bend over to a flat flauj^, with a
smooth edge inside, the swaged groove on the end of the cylinder forming the foot ofthe lamp.
This is accomplished by a pair of dies, one of a cylindrical shape, and the other fitting upon
it, and having a descending flange embiticing the end of the otner die.

Claim. — ^The dies U and G, constructed and operated as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,877.— W. ANTHONY Shaw, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in Lining Lead
Pipes with Tin, — Patent dated March 10, 1863. — ^The cvlinder of lead which is forced through
the die has an inner cylinder of tin around the core which makes a lining of tin to the lead
pipe as it exudes from the die under hydi'auUc pressure.

Claim, — The manufacture of lead pipe with a lining of tin by forcing an iujg^t of tin and
an in^t of lead while over a core out of a cylinder through a die by hydrauhc pressure, as
specihed.

No. 37,878. — B. T, Stowell, of Quincy, III. — Improvement in Excavating and Ditching
Machines, — Patent ^ated March JO, ld63. — ^I'his consists of a cutter suspended from a
tru veiling frame which carries an- end less apron to remove the dirt raised by the cutter and a
transverse endless apron to carry it off for discharging on the bank. The outer end of the
transverse earner is supported by a yoke and wheel.

Claim, — ^The employment or use of un adjustable yoke M applied to the end of the swing*
ing or adjustable frame L, and provided with a wheel N, in combination with the side cutter
B, cutter G, and endless aprons II K, the hitter being placed in the swinging or adjustable
frames F L, and all arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,879.— Sabhuel H. Sugett, of Eden, Hancock county, Maine,-*Improved Fid.^
Patent dated March 10, 18o3. — The fid is made in two parts, and the thimble being placed in
the recess on one end the cap is screwed on. The cringle is then pulled over the fld until it
fails into the thimble, when the cap is unscrewed and the fid withdrawn.

Claim, — A fid made in two pieces or sections, so as to hold a thimble between said sections
while a cringle is being dtiven over or on to it, and over or on to the thimble, and then
capable of removal therefrom, substantially as described.

No. 37,880.— Tappen Townsend, of Brooklyn, N. Y,-'Improvemsnt in 5;>ttrs.— Patent
dited March 10, 1863. — This spur ha^ two chimps which embrace the heel, fizing it in position
without straps, having flanges which fit betw^n the sole leather of the heel and the upper
leather. Ic has also a heel plate attached to a screw running through the shank of the spur,
the plate having a flange upon its lower edg^, which is inserted between the heel and the
upper.

C/aim.— First, the use of the socket g, as described, and capable of receiving the dovetails
on the ends of the branches/, in combination with the conical screw, or its equivalent, wh.ch
perfects the joint while it causes the clamping of the sides of the heel.

Second, the flanged heel plate moved bv the screw e, in combination with the flanges 1 1,
the ihxee flanges preventing m their tise the depression of the spur.
» Thud, the heel plate e with its screw, in combination with the flat hooks j on the ends of
the b-.anches, by the joint functions of which the spur is clamped on and to the hoel m the
«Lrecciou of its length.



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312 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Fourth, the combination of the conical screw-nnt d^ or its equivalent, the beel ]
flanged at its lower edge with its screw, and the flanges i i, as affording a practicable i
of attaching spurs.

Fifth, the combination of d e and 1 1 with the socket g and branches /, sobstantiiUly u
described.

No. 37,881. — Jesse Urmy, of Wilmington, Delaware. — Improvement tn HarvetUr,^
Patent dated Mfut^ 10, 1863. — One of the arms of the revolving reel is so arranged that as
the rake-bar which is attached to it strikes the platform it is rotated horizontallj to wlnil the
gavel round ninety degrees and drop it behind iho machine with the ears of the grain towards
Uie near side of the track. This rotation is performed by the inner end of the rake-bar, whidi
IS pivoted, coming in contact with a projection which swings it on its axis. The heiekt of
the reel standard is adjusted simultaneously with the platform by connecting rods and levers
and the speed of the reel regulated by a nest of cone pulleys and^ a chain-tightener. A siagfe-
bar grain guaid is rigged from the draught frame so as to be adjustable.

C^aim,— First, the raking attachment, or its equivalent, as a substitute for one of the ban
of an ordinary reel, when such attachment is capable of sliding in and out, and also of siring-
ing around in the arc of a horizontal circle, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the loop-pivot N, on one of the arms of the i^eel, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the manner, substantially as described, of fitting the reel standards C C to the plat-
form, draught frame, and adjusting lever II, for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the spring rod B and eye-bracket T, in comDination with a rake attachment Id
wh'clr operates substantially as described for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, the trip W2, constructed and applied and operating substantially as and Ux the
piupose set fortn.

Sixih, the manner of combining the slide O and rake-bar M2 so that they move in and
out together, while the rake-bar can turn independent of the slide, substantialiy as ukI ier
the pui pose set forth.

Seventh, providing the holes V Z in the cam. reel, arm, and rake attachment, in combina-
tion with havmg the rake teetband firiction roller Q removable, for the purpose set forth in
the manner described.

Eighih, the manner, substantially as described, of fitting the cam L and the reel-shaft
bearing for operation together, with a view of having them adjustable, as set forth.

Nin.li, in combination with the nests of pulleys lor operating the rake reel at vaiying
speeds, the chain-tightener, applied and operating substantially as described.

Tenth, the single-bar grain guard, applied on the front end of the di aught frame, throogii
tile agency of a swivel-sTorted device J, substantiallv as and for the purpose set ionh.

Elfvenih, so applying the grain side wheel to a lever-hanger, which is connected to the
reel standards and to the dmuffht frame, substantially as described, that both the platloim, wi h
the cutting apparatus, and tbe reel with the rake attachment, are elevAed by the lever U,
8ubstanti£uly as set forth.

No. 37,88'3.~MaXIHIUan Wappich, of Sacramento, Ca\.— Improvement in Gun Cer-
n'tf^e*.— Patent dated March 10, 1863.— The trunnions of the gun are pivoted upon the
ends of vibrating arms whose inclination is governed by supporting screws,or by another aim
whose hoiizont^ expansion is governed by a screw, so that by the combined movemenis of
the breech elevating screw, and the screw supporting the cheek, the requisito elevaUon or de-
pressi >n may be obtained.

Claim. — First, elevating and depressing guns by their truniiions, through the agoacy of a
folding and expanding carriage, or its equivalent, substantially as and lor the purpose let
fonh.

Second, the construction of the cheek plates of a gun carriage so that they operate as
levers, subsiantially as set forth.

Third, the implication of the screw or screws S in the manner and for the purpose sob-
atantiallv as set forth.

l! ourth, the training of the gun horizontally by a combination of circular and straight
movements, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

FD'th, adaptmg a gun which requires elevation and depression and horizontal trainmg ht
use, in connexion with a ]^ort-hole which is in%ize very little greater than the moxzle ot the
gun, substantially as set forth.
./

No. 37,883.— Isaac M. Watson, of Grand Rapids, Wi^,— Improvement in Rat Traps,—
Patent dated March 10, 18ti3. — ^The weight is suspended above a drop platform which vibrates
under the weight of the animal, discharging it into the cage beneath ; the trap door is iben
replaced by ihe counterpoise weight being started quickly in its upward motion by the spnog
agamsi which it strikes.

Claim, — The relurting spring 0, in combination with the glides b and d, operated in the
manner and tor the purpose herein fully set forth and described.



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COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS, 313

No. ^,884.^J. D.. Billings, of Rutland, Yt., assignor to Himself and Gborgb R. Weed,
of same place. — Self-Inking Stamp, — Patent dated March 10, 1863. —This invention is a method
of operating, inking, and stamping apparatus within the compass of an ordinary piece of
office furniture, ana consists ot a plunger with the usual spiral spring for retraction ; this
being rotated in one direction, bj means of a wheel meshing into a rack, brings a slide carry-
ing uie stamp with its face over an inking roller, and on being rotated in the opposite direction
restores the stamp to its original place ; then being thrust down, it presses on the end of a
lerer, whose other end actuates the pressure pad, and the impression is given.

Claim. — ^The slide B, having the stamp l) and apron £ attached, and operated through
the medium of the wheel F, rack C, and groove rod G, provided with the spring O, in com-
bination with the roller L and the pressure pad K, operated from the rod G by means of the
lever H, all arranged as shown, or in an equivalent way, for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,865.— John B. Dougherty, of Rochester, N. T., assignor to Himself and Mart
Ann Lawler, of same place. — Improved Machine far Sawing Barrel-heads, Shinffles^ 8fc* —
Patent dated March 10, 1863. — The plan of the frame of this machine resembles the segment
of a circle, and is traversed horizontcfil v by a segmental frame, in which the block is clamped
'to be carried over the horizontally revolving saw. This clamping is done by placing one edge
of the bl<A;k against a sharp edp;oand drawmg a serrated edge against it by means of a wheel
and pinions. The alternate raising of each end of the frame in sawing shingles is performed
by the bent lever K and the vibrating frame moved by the handle H, which partly supports
the rocking frame.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the rack and pinions P P R R and movable bar N with
the frame carrying the bolt, the whole operating in the manner and for the purpose substan-
tially as described.

Second, the arrangement of the ro^ / / and the bar N, as herein described, whereby the
latter may be adjust^ so as to g^rasp a bolt of anv shape.

Third, the combination of the bent lever K with the frame Y Y, said firame being made to
rock on the shaft /, so as to allow a bolt to be entirely cut into shingles, in the manner set
forth.

Fourth, the combination of the rod H with the frame C C and shaft B, said rod being so
arranged as to allow the weight resting upon the rollers r r to be accurately adjusted.

No. 37,886.— Eugene Lemercier, of Paris, France, assignor to Amasa Bemis Howe,
of New York, N. Y. — Improved Apparatus for Holding and Supporting Boots and Shoes for
use with Machines for Screwing on Soles and Heels. — Patent dated March 10, 1863. — ^This
machine consists of two anvils for supporting the heel or the sole, as may be required. The
former is adjusted in a socket beneath the frame carrying the screw, and the other is pivoted
on an arm which projects radially from the standard of the heel socket so as to fall in the range
of the screw when required for use.

Claim. — First, the combination of the movable, vertical, and beak-shaped am lis or sup-
ports, so thai either may be moved into or out of action, as the case may require, suDstantially
as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, arranging the anvil J on a frame or arm g that turns around the axis of the other
anvil a, so that the face of either of the anvils, that is, for the time being in use, shall be in
the line of the axis of the screw that is being fed in, substantially as described.

No. 37,887.— John Jacob Miller, of Chicago, Dl., assignor to Himself and Ernst
Prusstno, of the same place. — Improvement in Lamps, — Patent dated March 10, ld63. — A
supporting cone and conical deflector joined, base to base, with perforated sides, are slipped
up and down on the wick tube, being supported by a spring clamp.

Claim. — ^The combination of the perforated supporting cone G", with the perforated conical
deflector G the latter converging upward in straight lines at an angle of 45^, or thereabout,
with the perpendicular, and this either with or without the coronal flange H and the spring
clasp or socket F, by which the cap may be adjusted vertically upon the wick tube.

No. 37,888. — Auo.WiLH. Schell, of Clausthal, Kingdom of Hanover, assignor to George
AsMUS, of Houghton, Mich. — Improved Shaking Machine for SepartUing Ores, — Patent dated
March 10, 1853. — ^The ore is passed through a chamber in which it is exposed to the action
of water which lifts and separates it, by which the heavier particles are brought to the bottom.
A pipe passes up through the ore, and is covered by a cap or cylinder, so arranged tluit the
heavier portions are continually falling into the end of the tube, while the Ughter are re-
moved from the chamber by the waste opening. * *•

Claim. — The employment or use of the tul^ a, and cylindrical jacket 6, in combination
with the sieve A ot a shakin? machine, constructed and operating substantially as and for
the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 37,889.— Charles D. Tisdale, of East Boston, Mass., assignor to Self and Bama
W. Tisdale, of Boston, Mass. — Mode of Appljfing Cars to Railr^ Tracks of Different
CfOilfM.— Patent dated March 10, 1863.— The track is laid with a converging section con-



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314 ANHHUil- REPOBT OP THE

Deoting the tradu of the djfiterent ffaa|||es with a goard-rail between to compel the flai^ ox
the wl^l to hug the rail. A switcu*milon the broad-gang^e track, and an extra broad^gaage
track rail, arranged parallel with one of tho guard-rails, extend from the switch down to the
nanow-gauge track. The wheels are pushed in or out bj yokes which operate sleeves on
tho axles.

C/aim.— The wheel-changing rails C C, and the locking mechanism, or their equivalents^
in combination with the two tracks A A B B, of different gauges, and with the wheels ap-
plied to the axles of the carriage, substautiallj as specified; and in combination therewith
the guard-rails D D, for the puipose and to operate as described.

Aii»o, the combination of tne switch E E and the extra broad-g^uge track rail F with the
wheel-changing rails and locking mechanism, and the two tracks A A B B, of different
gauges, combined with wheels applied to the axles of the carriage, in manner and so as to
operate therewith substantially as specified.

AliK>, the peculiar wheel-locking mechanism, the same consisting of the two yokes 6 G
and the wheel tubes made and applied to the axles, snbstantially in manner and so as to
operate therewith as hereinbefore specilied.

No. 37,890. — Isaac C. Singer, of EUensbnrg, Cambria county. Pa. — Improvememt t»
Bending and Setting Tire, — ^Patent dated March 10, 186.'}. — ^The machine consists of a middle
fluted roller, supported by standards and driven by a crank and side rollers, which are ad-
justable rehitively to the middle one by the teeth on the upper edge of the rack-bar, so as
to bend the tire to the circle required. The tire is withdrawn by raising one end of the mid-
dle roller, the standard of which is slotted for that purpose^ The side of the rack-bar is
gauged for tires of different diameters.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of the rack plates B, the movable upright I,
the fluted roller J, the portable rollers £, with movable collars G, as operated by gear-
wheels M and N, and gauged by figures, as described, and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,891. — J. B. Atwater, of Chicago, Cook county, HL — tmpr&vemeni in ProjectiUt
for Rifled Ordnance, — ^Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^This invention provides an elastic belt
in a cylindrical fissure around the elongated ball, which is expanded in the act of firing
by certain wedges operated by plungers through the base of the uall.

Claim. — First, the corrugated wire web or ^oth, or its specified equivalent, for the pur-
pose herein described.

Second, in combination with the wire cloth and head band, the tongued wedges andflanged
plungers, arranged in the manner substantially as described.

No. 37,892.— George E. Burt, of Harvard, Worcester county, Mass.— /iNpraMmenl i»
Horse-peuers. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^The improvement consistB in keeping the
connecting chain links firmly in position by a hollow boss or tube passing nearly through
the tread wood, relieving the tread bolt of its strain, placing the driving gear wh^ direcUy
under the l.orso, and making it gear with both the upper and under gears of the moving
platform, connecting the links of the support by a bar near their centre to g^de them more
perfectly, propoitiouing the length of the supporting roll link to the circumference of theead
track roller, that the link may pass at an acute angle and without jerking.

Claim, — First, the projecting boss r, in combination with the link a.

Second, the combination of the cog-wheel/ and the endless platform, arranged in the man-
ner and for the purposes set forth.

Third, the connecting of the links A A by the bar j, for the purpose described.

Fourth, the combination of the link A with the supporting rolls and end track, constraeted
and operating substantially in the manner specified and for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,893.— D. W. C. Baxter, of Philadelphia, Fiu^Impraved Knapsack Sting,—-
Patent dated March J 7, 1863. — This improvement is intended to prevent the pressure of the
knapsack upon the small of the back and the cramping of the movement of tho arms, and
it consists in supporting the sack by strips of wood extending firom the shoulder to the hips;
fldso in securing the chest straps so as to leave the arms free.

Claim, — First, the independent knapsack sling or supporter, constructed, arranged, and
operating in the manner described.

Second, the strips A A, arranged and operating substantially in the manner described.

No. 37,894.— Thomas Bell, of Bellport, Suffolk county, [N. T., and Louis Kulen, of
New York, N. X-^Impravement in Stump Extractors.- Patent dated March 17, 1863. —
The invention consists in a frame on wheels, to which pendent inclined levers are attached;
said levers, after their points have been insinuated under the spur roots of the stump,
being forcibly raised by screw rods woiked by nuts on washers above the frame.

cEiim, — 1 he bars or teeth D, in combination with the screw rods E, the above parts being
attached to the frame C, and the latter placed on a wagon or mounted on wheels m any suith
able way, and all arranged to operate as and for tlie purpose herein set forth*



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 315

No. 37,895.— Edgar M. Birdsakl, of Penn Yan, Yates county, N. Y.—Tmprovemeia in
Threshing Machines. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a sleeve
anpport of peculiar shape, through which the extension rod of the tumbling shaft passes to
its connexion with the bevel gearing which drives the threshing cylinder ; said sleeve support,
by a curved arm extension, affording a socket or bearing for the outer end of the axis ot the
pmion and the Kpnr wheel, which drives the cylinder.

Claim. — First, the «upj)ort G, whi^n made and used as and for the purpose specified.

Becond, the wheels C D and £, when arranged as specified and used in combination with
Uie support Gi as set forth.

No. 37,896. — Samuel Btssicks, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in Combined Wnshstwnd
and ffater-closei. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — The improvement consists in the arranjje-
ment of the parts, being a washstand above ; in a cupboard below is a water-closet Jiasin,
which swings in or out, and, while in, serves for a receptacle for the dirty water from the
wash-basin.

Claim.— The combination and arrangement of the stand A, or its equivalent, with thoi
bowls B and C, faucet I, valve Ii, pipes G and E, and swivel F, substantially as described.

No. 37,897.— Matthew C. Bogia, of Philadelphia, Ta,^ Improvement in Machine for
Removing Snow and Ice from Railro^'ds. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — This invention con-
sists of a furnace upon a truck, with an artificial bla<st and a chimney which is divided al
the front of the truck into two flues, and, being bent down, brings the heated air to impinge
upon the two rails to melt the ice thereon.

Claim.—ThQ fire chamber C, pipes F and F', and blower E, the whole being constructed,
arranged on a truck, and operating substantially as set forth.

No. 37,898. — Adolphus Bonzako, of Detroit, Mich.^Improvementin Machine for Rifling
Cannon, — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^I'his apparatus is designed for rifling or re-rifling
cannon by being attached to the muzzle of the piece and operaied without dismountine it.
A four-square yoke is attached centrally to the muzzle, and a cutter-head, with the requisite
number of cutters, and mounted upon the end of a screw, is introduced as far back in the
bore as the rifling is designed to extend, and then, by means of the screw, is retracted, bring-
ing the cutter against the bore, and producing the groove. The screw is withdrawn by the
revolution of the nut in which it runs, and the twist is civen by a certain amount of revolu-
tion of the screw under the control of gearing from the retracting mechanism and a pin
running in a slot in the axial screw in the bore. The cutters are mounted upon inclined
aeats, and controlled in their rear by a washer, and in front by a spring. In inserting the
cutters, their fiiction upon the muzzle causes the sprinfl^ to recede ; but in dra\\'iug back, the
hold taken by the cutters in the metal brings them as for back as is permitted by the washer,
end then forcible retraction makes the rifle groove.

Claim. — First, the cutter-head, having its cutters i i, or stock to whir^h the said cutters are
attached, fitted to grooves r r, with inclined bottoms, and having applied, in connexion with



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 44 of 164)