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them, a spring / and collars ^ «, substantially as herein specified.

Second, the employment, tor producing a regular or progressive twist of the rifle grooves,
of a barrel tit, connected by a cord or cham with the cutter oar, and geared with the said bar,
substantially as herein specified.

No. 37, 899. —John H. Breckenridge, of West Meriden, New Haven county. Conn. —
Improtement in Lanterns. — Patent dated March 17, 18&). — The object of this Improvement
IB to 80 construct a Uintem that the wick of the lamp mav be operated from the outside with-
out opening the lantern. The usual lamp is enclosed witnin a cylindrical base, to which is at-
tached the globe glass. From the wick tube extends a shaft, by which the feed rollers are
rotated. A hood on the end passes to the outside, and lies in a cup-shaped recess, so as not
ti> project beyond the circle ot the base. A T-shaped gp'oove on the lower side of this recess
admits of the shaft and head beinff slipped down so as to withdraw the lamp at will.

Claim. — The combmation of the head of the shxift of the mechanism that controls the
wick with an opening in the lantern case and a receptacle within the lantern, the combino-
t^oQf OB a whole, operating substantially as set forth.

Also, con.^tructing the receptacle upon the interior of the lantern case with a slot, to per-
mit the introduction of the shaft of the mechanism that controls the wick of the lamp, sub-
stantially as set forth.

Also, the combination of the receptacle within the lantern with the shaft of the instrument
that acts upon the wick, the whole operating substantially as set forth*

No. 37,900.— Adam S. Brown, of Lebanon, Pa. — Improved Washing Machine.— Ptiteut
dated March 17, 1863. — ^This machine consists of a stationary tub, in which is an inclined
concave, formed of rollers pivoted at their ends into 'i frame. Above this is a rubber, which
is formed of slats fastened to a vibrating frame, and driven by an arm and pitman from the
rock-shaft Q.

Claim. — The combination and arrangement of the slatted rubber E, concave washboard D,
iointed arms Uli J J, and rock-shaft G, substantially as and for the purpose herein de-
scribed. ^ ,

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316 ANNUAL REPORT OP THB

No. 37,901.— Edward Conway, of Dayton, Ohio.— Tmproved Ltntmeiir.— Patent dated
March 17, 1863. — This improvement consists in the production of an amber-colored traospa-'
rent liniment hy the distillation of the following compounds : Tincture of camphor, one put;
ammonia, one part ; tincture of opium, one part ; spirituous extract of orris root, one part ;
spirituous extract of white-oak bark, one-half part; spirituous extract of cedar bark, one-half
part; 4 th-proof brandy, one-half part ; whiskey 35^ above proof, one-half part

CUim. — The production by distillation from the above-described ingredients, in the above^
deacribed amounts and strength of the above-described liniment, for the stopping of blood,
the cure of rheumatism, cuts, and inflammation of all kinds.

No. 37,902.— George L. Cummtnos, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in Carrimge
Jmeks, — Patent dated March 17, 186.*3 — Upon a sill-piece are standards, between which is a
Test sliding by vertical slots upon bolts which pass through it and through both standards.
This slide rest has a series of notches or steps of increasing height to suit the varying heights
of axles under which it is placed ; it is elevated by an eccentric lever joumalled to the stand-
ard beneath (be slide rest.

Claim, — ^The combination of the eccentric lever C with the upright slide rest D, by which
the power to raise the axle is obtained, substantially as described and set forth as above*

No. 37,903.— James Datkin, of Cleveland, Ohio. — Improvement in Water Elevators.-^
Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the form of the chain and the wiuditiss
wheel, the former being made of a round rod, each link of the former consisting of a rod bent
80 as to have two hoolu to grasp the eyes of the preceding link, and two eyes to form a point
of attachment for the next lixik, and enclosing a nearly rectangular space into whicn the
rounded projections of the windlass wheel protrude in the act of rotation.

Claim, — First, the flat chain, (Figs 3 and 4, ) when the links are formed by means of the
rings or eyes b b, cross-bar c, rods a a, and hooks d d^ arranged and operating substantially
as set forth.

Second, the herein-described windlass wheel C, when constructed as specified, in combi*
nation with a flat chain, arranged and operating as specified.

No. 37,904 —Hampton Dodge, of BufiEalo, N. Y,— Improvement in Apparatui for NUk^
ing Hones, — Patent dated March 17, 18(33. — This consists of a saddle and a metallic back
strap, to which is fixed a crupper and a hinged bar for retaining the tail in an elevated posi-
tion. The tail is also tied to a point on the back strap.

Claim, — First, the saddle C, in connexion with the metal plate A, for the purpose heroin
set forth.

Second, the hinged bar j, for the purpose specified.

Third, the strap g, the bar j, and the crupper bars H, arranged as and for the pnrpost
herein set forth.



No. 37,905.— James P. Eaton, of Manchester, N. H.— Improvement in Sheep Racks, —
Patent dated March 17, 1863. — Along the middle of the platform on which the hay is placed
is a raised walk, and on each side above the heads of the sheep, which feed at the sides, is a
board, inclined inwards so as to allow the hay upon it to slide down and be reached by the
sheep.

Claim, — The con.struction of sheep racks with an elevated walk A between them, in com-
bination with the inclined feeders £ £, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 37,906.— A. H. Emery, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Projectile for Fire-
arms. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^The soft metal body of the shot contained in the cast
is provided with a stav of a lighter and more rigid character, so as to prevent the swaging of
the soft metal, and to keep the rear of the projectile relatively lighter than the anterior portion*

Claim.— The construction and anangement of the hard metallic stay U with the soft body
of the shot A, essentially as and for the purposes herein described and set forth.

No 37,907.— Martin R. Etheridge, of Bethel, Oxford county, MMne.— Improved Mm*
chine for Lasting the Uppers of Boots and Shoes, — Patent dated March 17, 186J. — The last
is placed in an inverted position on a toe rest and ankle support, and the upper leather
pressed against and caused to lap over the edge of the sole by the mitre-ed^d crimping jaws,
operated l>y yokes, cams, and springs, and bv a spring heel pressor. The crimping jaws
have cusfiions interposed between them and the leather, and the heel support and toe piece
are adjusted vertically by set screws. - '

Claim, — The construction of the crimping jaws with the mitred joints or ends arranged
together, substantially as described.

Also, the combination of a flexible or heel spring pressor E, as described, with the crimping
jaws and a toe rest, substantially as specified.

Also, the peculiar combination for operating or moving the crimpinff iaws, both toward and
firum the last, the same consisting in the yoke M, the cam or cams N, the springs g g, and
the mitre joints 6 6 6 6, the whole being arranged substantially as specified.



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COMMISSIONER O** PATENTS. 317

Also, in combination with the crimping jaws, mechanism substantially as described for
holdin^^ the last both at its heel and toe, and mechanism for adjusting it, at either or both
^ds, vertically with reference to the crimping jaws.

Also, the combination and arrangement of me elastic cushions a2 a2 with the crimped jaws
DD.

No. 37,908. -*JOHN J. Fort, of Oshkosh, Winnebago county, Wis. — Improvement in Car
Couplings, — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — The coupling link is held level, and on entering
tb« araw head nin0 up the incline, and, striking the guard </, falls with the link, the letter
being retained by the permanent catch.

The link is detochea by the motion of the toggle attached to the guard, which raises it
»nd the link, throwing the latter off the catch.

Claim, — First, the construction, application, and adjustability of the guard D d, and the
tuse thereof^ in combination with the catch c and frame a a, substantially as set forth.

Second, the application of the arm e, lever /, and shaft gf for the uses and purposes set
forth.

No. 37,909.— Othniel Gilmore, of Raynham, Bristol county, Mass. — Improved Machine
for Arranging Nails for use in Machines for Nailing Shoes. — Patent dated Marcli 17, J863. —
This machine nas two inclined planes with a reciprocating plunger sliding in a recess in the
space at their intersection. The plunger drives them to a conduit which is so arranged as
to pass the nails out of the machine when their heads are wrongly presented, and place the
others in the receiver.

Claim,— The combination of the impeller or plunger D, the two inclined planes A B, the
space C, and the receiver I, the whole being arranged and to operate substantially as specified.

Also, in combination therewith, the conduit H, so constructed and arranged with re^^pect
to the space C as to enable the reversed nails to be discharged laterally out of the collection
in manner as speciiied. <

No. 37,010.— F. A. GleasON, of Rome, N. Y.^Improved MaeMnefor Mitre Dovetailing, —
Patent dated March 17, 1863.— The invention consihts in arranging a series of cutters at such
angles and in such relative positions that they shall cut both tongue and groove of a mitre
dovetail joint, at any intermediate point between the extremities ot any piece of lumber.

Claim, — ^The particular arrangement of cutting tools by which a mitre dovetail joint, com-
plete in both its parts, i. e., tongue and groove, may be cut at any intermediate point be-
tween extremes of any piece of imuber ; doing the cross-cutting and dovetailing simultane-
ously in the same operation.

No. 37,911. — Jambs H. Hartwell, of Jefferson county, Ind. — Improved Evaporator
for Saccharine Liquids. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^I'he furnace consists of a direct and
a return flue alongside of each other, and above is a pan, one-half of which is divided longi-
tudinally and the other transversely, by partitions, wpich cause the sacchaiine liquid to take
a serpentine course over the bottom of the pan from the spot where it is received irom the
strainer, under the supply-pipe, to its exit as condensed sirup.

Claim, — First, the divided pan F, in combination with a furnace, also divided as shown,
both BiTangcd and operating subritantially as described and for the purpo:^e set forth.

Second, the pan F, composed of a longitudinally and horizontally divided portion, for the
purpose set forth.

Third, the strainer £, in combination with the double pan F and divided furnace, the
whole to form an improved evaporator^ as and for the purpose described.

No. 37,912.— Aaron Higley, of Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio,— Improvement in Com-
#^//«r*.— Patent dated Maith 17, 1863.— The corn is fed into the machme from a hopper,
and exposed between the toothed cylinder and a slide rest, which is pressed towards the
cylinder by arms and springs/, the sUde rest is inclined, and the cylinder toothed spirally, so
as to drive the cob out of the machine at a hole, while the com falls into the hopper bottom
and is discharged.

Claim. — ^The special arrang^ement of the hopper B, slide rest L, arms N, springs 8, in com*
bination with the toothed cylinder C, when operating conjointly as and for the purpose set
forth.

Ho. 37,913.— AkasaB. Howe, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Sewing Mashines,-^
Patent dated March 17, 1863.— Patented in England February 8, 1862.— The improvements
in this nmchine consist, first, in an adjustable needle or needle-bar box, by which tho needle,
whether ooarse or ^ne, can be regulated and made to operate in the required proximity to the
shuttle race, shuttle, hook, or otner device used for securing the loop of the needle. Second,
A device for eoanteracting the lateral deflection of the needle. Third, an adjustable and de-
tachable preaser loot or cloth holder. Fourth, in the feeding apparatus. *

The Mdoes are explained at length in the claim.

Claim. — In combination with the needle-bar box B B', the screw p and the spring o, for
BdjvtMiiDf^ taod controlling the proper adjustment of said needle-bar box and the needle bar and
sifledie t&xeint sabstantially as described.



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81S ANNUAL BEPORT OF THE

>

Also, in cembinatfon with the needle, the clip or ann e of the lever cdef, and the ciun g^
for brioj^iDST the needle into proper position sbonid it be deflected by any cause, the whold
operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described. *

Also, the combinatiim of the adjustable needle-bar box with the clip « and its operative
parts, substantially as described.

Also, the arrangement of the compound levers and their action upon and with the feed
wheel, as herein aescribed and shown.

No. 37,914. — GiJ«JTAVU» A Hankinson, of Manahocking, Ocean county, N. J.— Improved
Automatic Nose- Bag. — Patent daied March 17, 1863. — This nose-baff is suspended by a cord •
which passes through a ring on the nose band, through the loop at tue junction of the cheek
strap and brow band, and ilien over the hames, so that the lowering of the head of the horse
brings the bag against the animtirs nose.

Claim. — Suspending the nose-bag in such manner that the natural movements of the horse
fa feeding will cause me bottom of the bag to approach or recede from his mouth, substan-
tially as described.

No. 37,915. — K. P. Kidder, of Burlington, Vt. — Imprtrcement in Be«-Aioes.— Patent dated
March 17, 1863. — The improvements in this hive consist of a series of separating plates with
marginal cleats placed between the movable comb-frames, to keep them at their relative dis-
tances ; also in a plate placed at the entrance of the hive, to regulate the height of the open-
ing and prevent the passage of drones and the queen, while admittmg the ingress and egress
of the workers.

Claim, — First, providing the division plates E with cleats g h^ ta shown and described, for
the purpo^ of retaining or holding the comb-frames D in proper position in the hi ?o, ns spe-
cified.

Second, the regulator F, provided with a long^dinal slot k^ two vertical slots I T, and a
notch ^', combing as shown ; the reg[ulator being applied to the b^e-entranoe m by means
of the button G, substantially as and lor the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,916.— John K. Leeoy, of Bloomington, III. — Improvement in Sugar Evaporators, —
Patent dated March 17, 1863. — The sorghum juice is exposed to the fire in pans and astill,
over holes in the roof of the furnace, which is covered with water except where held back
by the rims which surround the boiler holes. The ve4>or from the still passes through a worm
in the reservoir, and discharges through an opening into a bucket or the pans.

Claim, — First, the water tank B, constructed in the manner and for the purpose herein
specified.

Second, the bottom of the pans arranged in the manner herein set forth, in connexion with
the rims on which they rest.

Third, the movable reseivoir, and movable still, as herein fully described.

Fourth, the extension of the side walls of the furnace, for the purpose herein described.

No. 37,917.— John G. Lefpinowell, of Newark, N. J,^ImprovemeutintkeModerf Ele"
voting Lamp CMmnevs. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — The collar and dome on which the
chimney is supported are made to rise by slides and guides to a sufficient height to trim the
wick. The n\i(icit being attached to the collar, and the guides to the burner, embrace each
other by lapping flanges.

Claim, — First, the guides B, or their equivalent, when attached to the exterior of the burner.

Second, the slides ^, oi their equivalent, when attached to the' exterior of the gallery, and
working either on the insides or outsides of guides B. *

No. 37,918.— Adolph Millochan, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Preparing a
Paint Oil from the Petroleum Residuum, — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^The residuum is
mixed with 40 per cent, of water, to remove the acid with whii*h the petroleum has been treated,
and then the resinous matter treated with *Z0 per cent, of caustic alkali, to neutralize the re-
maiiung acid.

Claim, — ^The process, substantially as herein specified, of manufiicturing oil adapted to
mixing with paints and colors, from the acid residuum in the refining of petioieum or coal oils.
BB set forth.

No. 37,919.— Peter W. NEEPU8,of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Pottd^s.— Patent
dated March 17, WiS, — This consists of a blanket with an air-tight compaitment in its comer,
or elsewhere, to act as a pillow when inflated ; or it may be made large enough to serve as a
aholter-tent, with inflatable margins to aflbrd piliows for the occupants.

Claim. — ^A poncho coQvertible into a blanket or tent, and having attached to it an air-
pillow or air-pouch, as and for the purpose substantially as described.

No. 37,9-20.— T. J. Penny, of Wooster, O^uo.-'Improved Combined Wrench, Scraper, amd
Screw^rieer.—FAient dated March 17, 186J.— The screw-driver is at the end of the handle,
and the scraper is formed bv sharpening one of the jaws that hold the screw-nut.

Claim. — As an improved article of manufacture, a combined wiench, semper, and
driver, constructed substantially as herein set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS.^ ^ $1^

No. 37,921.— Samuel REMiWGTOir, of Ilion, Herkimer county, K. Y. — Improvement in

Seeufing the Base-pin of Revolving Pistolg, — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — This is an ad-

" ditional security for fevolying pistols, in which the base-pin cannot be drawn out in front

without first moving the lever. It consists in so arranging the base-pin and the lever, that

^e latter jetains the base-pin and prevents it from being drawn out bt^vond a certain point.

CUun.^So constructing the ba«e-pin and arranging the joint of the lever in relation to the
base-pin, that said joint s&ll prevent the base-pin firom being drawn entirely out of the frame,
'substantially as herein specified.

No. 37,922.— Giles Bolivar Roe, of Paine's Point, JM— Improvement in Foot Com-Plani-
ers. — ^Patent dated March 17, 1863. — The com for each hill is dropped by hand into the
hopper of the phinter, and is driven into the ground bv pressure upon an oscillating step to
which the foot is lashed, the step being connected with the plunger.

Claim, — The combination of the oscillating foot-board F with the box A, plunger E, spade
C, and ylate D, all in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 37,923. — Giles B. Roe, of Paine*s Point, Oyle county, lud,— Improvement in Cattle
Pump. — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^A reservoir is provided in the well, and connected
with it is an elastic drum ; the weight of the animal drives the water from the drum Into the
drinking trough, and the removal of the weight of the animal causes the elastic drum, in as-
suming its original dimensions, to fill itself again from the cistern.

Claim, — First, the drum C, placed in the well B, and provided with a valve D, at its lower
end, in combination with the elastic or flexible drum I, connected with the movable platform
G, and communicating with the drum C, to operate as and ibr the purpose set forth.

Second, the combination of the pipes F K with the tube £, arranged as shown, when used
in connexion with the drums I, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the suspended or self-a^JHSting trough M, placed on the platform G, for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 37,924.— Tecumseh Steecb, United States Navy.— Aiiprowm«i« in Rifling Ord-
nance, — ^Patent dated March 17, 1863. — ^The rear of the bore is smooth, and towards the muz-
ale it is grooved in a manner which is clearly explained in the claim.

Claim, — A cannon, or other fire-arm, having at its rear end a smooth cylindrical bore A, and
near its muzzle longitudinal or nearly longitudinal grooves B, which constitute enlargements
in the bore, and are separated by lands A, the ridges or inner surfiEbces of which lands are in '
their radial distance from the centre equal to the radius of the smooth portion A of the bore,
all as herein described, so as to guide the projectile during its entire passage through the bore,
confine the gases as much as possible until the projectile approaches the muzzle^ and then per-
mit their escape longitudinally, to impart rotation to the projectile by acting against oblique
snr&ces thereon, or on a sabot or casting to be used therewith. .

No. 37,925. — Abbey S. Smith, of Lockport, Niagara county, N. Y. — Improved Mechan'
ism for Starting Sewing Machines, — ^Patent dated March 17, lfe83. — This improvement con-
sists in a vibrating segment which is operated by a lever on the table of the sewing machine
so as to bring the teetn of the segment.against the teeth of a wheel on the fly-wheel ahsSt of
the machine to start it beyond the dead point without reaching' down to grasp the fly-wheel.

Claim. — The self-adjusting elongated se^ent H, or its equivalent, whose lever is jointed
to the frame, in combination with th^ friction wheel G, whether said parts are provided with
teeth or not, in such a manner that when at rest the segment is raised and removed from the
wheel, but that when engaged sufficient motion is imparted to the wheel to throw the crank
past the dead point, arranged and operating substantially as herein set forth.

Also, in combination with the segment and its lever, tno adjusting joint, composed of the
pivot/, and slots g gy or their equivalents, and the coiled spring L, or its equivalent, for the
purpose of allowing a vertical movement to the segment and producing the proper reaction,
Bul»tantially as and for the purposes herein speci&d.

No. 37,926. — ^Lowell H. Smith, of Owensville, Clermont county, Ohio. — Improvement
in Camp Stoves, — Patent dated March 17, 1863. — This stove is made in sections which fit
within each other ; when the upper or outer section is raised and supported upon legs, the
other sections slip out telescopically to the extent admitted by their flanges.

Claim. — The construction of a portable stove in flanged sections ABC, adapted to be ex-
tended for use by the elevation of the upper section A on legs F, occupying sockets E, and
when not in use to be slid within one another in the manner set forth.

No. 37,927.— N. H. Spappord, of Providence, R. 1,— Improvement in Machinery for Assort-
ing Bn«fZ«#.— Patent dated March 17, 1833.— The bristles are automatically fed at regular
intervals to a travelling horizontal belt and carried to the carding and combing devices, and
to those by which they are "evened up" at one end ; they arc then passed between and car- '
ried along by two endless horizontal travelling belts, pulled out, aiisorted, and deposited ac- '
cording to their respective lengtlis in boxes by means of nippers placed upon a reciprocating
horizontal travelling platform. ^ T *

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S30 IKNtAL BBPOBT OF THE

CUbm. — ^First, antomatf eally conyeyinff tbe bristles to tbe feeding belts for tbe assortmff
derices preparatory to their being carded and evened up by means of positive mechanics
devices, arranged and operating substantially as describea.

Second, tbe arrangement of the box T, with its sliding plate T, and seizing tonpoes or
jaws, so operating together as to first cause the tongues to seize or take a layer of the bristles
inserted in the receiving chamber of the machine and then convey them to uie belts I and m,
substantially as descritod.

Third, in combination with the mechanism employed in machines for assorting bristles,
the devices hereinabove described, lor feeding or conveying the bristles to the same, arranged
and operating as set forth. ^

Fourth, the peculiar arrangement and combination of the cam-shaped wheels L M with
their rack bars P Q, connect^ with the box T and its plate T, in the manner and operating
together as described for the purposes specified.

Fifth, giving the pinion a, engaging with the rack bar of the sliding plate T, a sufficient
rotary motion while the box T is teine turned upon its shaft R as A centre, so as to prevent



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 45 of 164)