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• board with a raised e^ge on one side and a raised undercut l^ge. A number of loose thin
slats are provided, and the linen being lapped on one, its end is inserted under the ledge B,
and its side ag^nst the edge A. The linen being folded back, a slat is dropped on the first
and the linen fol4ed forward over it. Another slat being dropped on it alongside of the two,^
the same operation is continued to form the series of plaits.

C/aim.— The combination of the stop catch B and spring bar C, or either of them, with
ihe plates and board, when arranged and constructed in the manner and for the purpose soh-
0taiitiaUy as set forth.



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COBiMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 325

No. 37,1>53. —Perry Dickson, of Utica, Winona connty. Minn.— /mprovemeiie in Con-
verting Motion. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — Tiiia invention consists in an* arrangemcnc
of dogs pivoted to a lever located within the rim of a wheel, which lever is vibrated by a
reciprocating movement; by the niovement in each direction one of the dogs is caused to
bite the inside of the rim of the wheel and the other to be free from contact with it, and this
alternate action causes a continuous rotary motion of the wheel. By a shifting arrangement
the motion of the wheel is reversed.

Claim, — ^The employment, in combination with each other and the dogs b b* and their
canying levers, of a pin k with cranks i /, a spring /, and a cord or clukin g, the whole
operating substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,954.— Warren W. Dutcher, of Milford, Worcester connty, ^ms,— Improvement
in Roller Temples for Looms, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The Invention consists in ex-
tending the cap of the temple roller down across the inner end of the roller, and to a level
with or into the trough thereof^ and making the said trough with a closed inner end, so as to
prevent the enclosed roller of the temple from injury aiising from a blow of the shuttle; the
two ends of both its trough and cap being closed and made in two separate parts connected
by screws.

Claim. —In combination with the trough so made, and with the cap of the roller, the ex-
tension 6, arranged so as to project downward from the cap and across the inner end of the
roUer, substantially as descnbed.

Also, the improved temple, made not only with its cap and trough closed at both ends of
each, but having such a trough formed in two separate parta and connected together by
screws or their equivalents, us specified.

No. 37,9o5. — Jacob Dunton, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improved Wagon for Transporting
Medicines. -^FsLtent dated March 24, 1863. — Toe interior of the body of the wagon is occtipied
by boxes divided into drawers, and otherwise so arranged as to form convenient packages
tor transportation on pack-saddles.

Claim. — ^The subdivision of the body of a wagon or cart into a number of packages or
compartments, so constmcted and arranged that they will adapt themselves to the twisting
and Inrching of ihe wagon, preserve their contents from injury, and be capable of convenient
transportation on the backs of animals, subst^tially as set forth.

No. 37,9.56. — M. B. Dyott, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Lamp Cones. r->Patent
dated March 24, 1863. — This invention consists in corrugating the side of the cone or de-
flector so that the chimney, which rests upon the base of the cone, cannot cover the apertures
through which air is admitted to the flame.

Claim. — Comigaiing or swa^ng the sides of the cone or deflector so as to form promi-
nences or indentations, by which the necessary supply of air is prevented from being inter-
cepted or cut off", whether admitted through perforations in the bane of the cone or through
air ducts formed by corrugations or prominences upon the base of the cone, substantially as
and for the purpose above set forth.

No. 37,957.— Rudolph Eickemeyer, of Yonkers, N. Y, - Improvement in Sewing Ma-
chine (ruides. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — This invention consists in devices to fold the
edge of the band and put to^e.her and sew tho crown piece and band of a cap or hat lining.
It consists of a guide for folding the ed^ of the band and a circular rotating disk carrying
the crown piece, with a sewing machine for fastening them tocher.

Cteiw.- -First, the guide B C constructed with holas d, whicb are arranged in such oblique
direction that they not only admit the finger and thumb to draw the band into the guide, but
guide the fincer and thumb in the proper direction to commence the turning of the fold, sub-
stantially as herein specified.

Second, the guide B C and rotating disk F combined with each other and with the sewing
machine, substantiidly as specified.

No. 37,9.')8. — John Evans, of New Haven, Conn. — Improved Forge Fire. — Patent dated
March 24, 1863. — The invention consists of a hollow cold water chamber in front of the fire,
whereby the smoke is deflected to the chimney flue and the gases condensed to add to tho
combustion.

Also, in the arrangement of hollow air chambers surrounding ther fire with a current of
cold air, which serves for the blast, and is so applied as to relieve the blacksmith from the
radiated heat.

Claim, — First, tho arrangement of the hollow water chamber front D in combination with
the fireplace B of a Lehigh fire A, constructed and applied substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the air chambeift 6 G' in combination with the fireplace B of
a Lehigh fire A and communicating with the air-supplv channel j and discharge pipe or
toy ere m, the whole being cotistructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose
specified.



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326 ANNUAL REPOET OP TH?

No. 37,959.— Oeorgb W. Fuller, of Cambrid^port, Mass. — Improvement in Snbmarm
Lanterns. — Patent dated March 24, 18(53. — The air is admitted to this lantern by an indiic|)oD
tube under pressure, so as to prevent the breaking of the glass hy the weight of the cofamn
of water, and also to prevent leakage of water into the lantern. The water that .tmj leak
in is collected in a reservoir at the bottom, and not allowed to come in contact with tks
heated chimney to be vaporized and dim the light ; besides which there are many other poioli
of adjustment specified at length in the claim.

Claim, — A lantern as made or provided with an air indnction conduit, and with a valTe
opening and valve arranged with respect to the body of the said lantern and for the porpoM
of suppler insf air to the lamp thereof, and of discharging the smoke and spent prodocU o(
combustion into the water, when the lantern may be submerged therein, as sr^ified.

Also, the combination for applying the glass window b to the body A of tne lantern, mi
60 as to enable such window not only to be closed with a water-ti^ht point, but to be opened
on a hinge for the purpose as described, the same consisting of the nngs c d, the kinn and
the sections of scjnews connected with or applied to the rings and the lantern case, smMttD-
tiallv OS specified.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the air-ventilatin? devices N O, and their screw
stoppers or their mechanical equivalents, with the lantern body or case. 'the same bein; foe
the pm'pose set forth.

Also, the arrangement or combination of the air inlet or inlets a with the lamp and glaas
window, in manner so that the air forced into the lantern case may bo, on its eutraaoe therdn,
discharged either against the inner surface of the glass window, or upward between the same
and the flame or chimney-of the lamp, tho^same l^ing for the purpose hereinbefore set forth.

Also, the combination and arrangement of mechanism for raising the glass chimney and
the conical deflector, in order that access may be had to the wick, the same consisting of the
frame «, the forked lever a', and the connecting bars zz; the said frame u being provided with
guides, as specified.

Also, the arrangement of the mariner's compass, viz : within the lantern body and with
respect to the lamp and the window of the said body or on the lever a', as specified.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the water-receiving and guard chamber R asd
chimney cap or dome Q with the opening P and the valve seat S and valve T applied or
arrang^ with respect to the lamp, and the lantern body, substantially as specified.

Also, the combination of the check nut W with the handle X, the cap V, and the serawi
by which the latter is connected to the upper part of the lantern case.

No. 37,960.— Fred. T. Grant, of Augusta, Maine.— LaM« /or Turning Trregular Forms.
— ^Patent dated March 24, 1863 — This invention consists in providing a hollow mandrel with
a cutter or knife that shall expand or contract, so as to turn a stick of iia irregular form, the
knife travelling around the stick .while the latter is held and fed endwise through the hollow
mandrel, the loiife being operated by a sliding collar and cam.

Claim. — The sliding collar a, or its equivalent; operated by a cam 7, or its equivalent, to
operate the knife d in any way or manner that it may be attached to sliding roller «, m
specified and set forth.

Also, the whole principle of the sliding collar a in anv manner that it may be moved, as
specified, and in any way or manner that it may be attached to the expanding knife ^ a^ ij
8et forth, and for the purpose specified.

Also, the V'-shapud feea rolls k A:, when combined with the double-acting lever e, as act
forth, and for the purpose specified.

Also, the mode of fastening the knives cf 6, as set forth and specified.

No. 37,961. — ^Albert -Hall, of Danville, Des Moines county, Iowa. — Improvement in
Revolving Fire-arm. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The improvement in this fire-ann con-
sists in the construction of the lock ; the suspended sere ; the stop dog, operated through
connexions by the hammer ; the rotating lever, operated by the rear downward extcnsioii of
the hammer, and through a slot in the recoil shield ; in the movable plate at the front of the
cylinder, to admit of the chambers beii^g loaded at that end, and confining the loads when
there; and in a provision at the lower end of the recoil plate for the expulsion of the ex-
ploded percussion primers in the act of reloading the chamoers.

Clatm. — First, the suspended sere I, constructed and arranged in combination with the
hammer and trigger, substantially as herein specified.

Second, the stop dog y, arranged in roar of the cylinder within the frame, and combined
with the hammer oy means of hooks y*Z and z, substantially as herein described.

Third, the lever K, constructed and applied in relation to the cylinder and combined with
the pin h and with the extension F2 of the hammer, substantially as and for the purpose herein
specified.

Fourth, the combination with the so-constructed and applied lever K of the bevel i , at the
bottom of the slot 10, in the recoil shield or frame, througn which the said lever works, sob-
stantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Filth, the piate L, constructed and applied in combination with the barrel and cyimder,
■ubstantially as and for the purpose heroin specified.

Sixth, the hole 16 in the recoil shield below the frame, arranged in comblnatioa iritb tha
opening in the plate L, substantially as and W the purpose herein speci^ed.

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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 327

No. 37,962.— WiLLET Hicks, of Trenton, N. J.— Improved Fruit J/ir.— Patent dated
March 24, 1863. — This invention consists in a suspended stopper within the neck of the jar.
The cork has a washer above and below, and a hook bv which it is suspended from a cross-
bar on the top of the jar ; above this cement is poured on, and the whole prevented, by the
hook and cross-bar, from being driven into the jar under pressure of the atmosphere, re-
sulting from the cooling of the contents.

Claim, — First, the use of the washers, centreport, or standard cross-bar, &c., for the pur-
pose of preventing the cork and cement from being forced, hj the pressure of the atmos-
phere, into the body of the Jar, can, or jug.

Second, the use of the said washers, centreport, or standard, with eye, cross-bar, &c., for
the purpose of more easily extracting the stopper from the mouth of the can or jar, sub-
stantially as described.

No. 37,963. —Warren G. Hoao, of Hoosick, Rensselaer countv, N. Y, ^Improvement in
Grain Screens, — Patent dated March 24, 186.J. — The uncleaned seed falls from a hopper upon
an inclined screen in a shaking shoe. This first screen has oblong meshes, and below it
is a parallel screen with square meshes, and under this is a board, from the end of which it
passes to another screen inclining in a different way, on which the seed is parted by diverging
Doards, and discharged at two spouts.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the screens ACE and guiding boarda b dV and delivery
points a e eAu a frame having a shake motion, for the purpose of cleaning and separating
iax and other small seeds, siu)8tantiaUy as herein descrioea and represented.

No. 37,964.— Henry Holcroft and C. S. Swirn, of Media, Delaware county. Pa.—
Improvement in Potato^ Diggers. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The potato forks or diggers
are attached to a revolving drum, and so operated by cams as to strike into the ground and
raise and retain the potatoes, which fall into the inside of the drum, the latter bemg divided
by four perforated partitions, the dirt finding its way from the drum through the perforations
and between the teeth to the ground, while the potatoes are discharged into a receiver under
the double tree.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of the sifting drum D with the perforated partitions e and
rotary digging teeth g^ constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose herein
shown and described. *

Second, the arrangement of the adjustable cam E, in combination with the stationary cam
G, toea>A, and digging teeth g, constructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose
herein specified.

lliird, the arrangement of the sifting drum D with perforated partitions e and self-adjust-
ing rotary digging teeth g, in combination with the receiving box U, constructed and oper-
ating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,965.— George C. Howard and Isaac N. Wilpono, of Philaiielphia, Pa.—
bnprovenunt in Hay-elevating Forks. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — This consists of a
rake head furnished with teeth and an arm or handle. The rake is swung from a bail by
eye bolts in the head, and maintained in its loading position by a catch on the sliding cap,
which terminates the arm; the sliding of the cap by a rope releases the catch, and the
load falls.

* Claim. — ^The cap E, formed and adapted to the stem A, and arranged for bein^ locked to
and unlocked from the bail, substantiailv as described, in combination with a spiral spring
F, contained in a recess formed in the said stem, the whole being arranged and operating sul^
stantieUiy as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,966.— James R. Hyde, of Troy, N. Y.-r Improvement in 5top«5.— Patent dated
March 24, 1863.— A boiler is suspended by metallic straps inserted into openings in the pro-
jectinf^ flanged top at the rear of the stove.

Claim, — A stove having a boiler A suspended, with one upright side against the upright
rear end B of the stove, by means of hangers e e extended up rigidly from the boiler and
loosely engaged with the ordinarily projecting part c of the top plate D of the stove at places
g g above the top / of the boiler, and over the side or uortion thereof nearest to the stove,
substantially as and for the purpose herein described and set forth.

No. 37,967. — ^MoSES A. Johnson, of Lowell, Mass. — Improvement in Covering for Steam
Boilers. — Patent dated March 24, 1863.— This improvement consists in impregnating and
covering felt, whetker made of hair or other material, with silicate of soda or soluble glass
to render it incombustible and a better non-conductor.

Claim. — The impregnation and coating of felt with silicate of soda, substantially as and
lor the purpose herein specified.

No. 37,968. — George L. King, of Philadelphia, Pa.— ilfolA»»« for Dovetailing and
Relishing Sash, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The invention consists in a machine for
dovetailmg and relishing sash at one operation by means of circular saws, arranged and



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328 ANNUAL REPOBT OP THE

operated in the standing frame of the macl\inef two on one vertical shaft, one to cnt iheUmcr
side of the female dovetail on the stiles, and the other to cut the relish, the saw on the otber
and inclined shafl cutting the upper side of the dovetail and taking out the superflooos wood
left hj the first-mentioned saw.

The stuff is presented to the saws on a sliding table with a guard, against which the stiles
are placed, having adjustable gauges for regulating the length of the aovetaUs.

Claim. — First, cutting a perfect female dovetaU and reOsh with saws at one operatioQ,
substantially in the manner described.

Second, cutting a perfect male dovetail with saws at one operation, substantially as set
forth.

Third, arranging the ftame G which supports the saw shafts F to turn on a centre, so as
to bnne the saw at au an^le with the stuff to cut the bevel side of the female dovetail, sub-
stantiaDv in the manner described.

Fourth, combining and arranging the transom plate H with the frame G when operatin;,
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, the combination and arran^ment of the reversible guard P and arms t and t* with
the sliding table N, when arranged m the manner described, or in any equivalent manner to
produce the same effect, for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,969.— Peries Lincoln, of Cold Water, Branch county, Wch.^Improtemeat u
Wheels fur Harvesters. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The object is to obtain a revolris;
rim, which may admit of the passage of the finger-bar through it It rotates upon roUenoi
stationary arms in the centre. ^

Claim. — The pecular arrangement and combination of rollers 'D D D D D with the sta-
tionary arms B b B B B, and revolving rim with flange C and A, as set forth.

No. 37,970. — ^Albert Moore, of San Francisco, Cal. — Improvement in Picks or Azts.^
Patent dated March 24, 18G3. — This pick has a stud, which projects into a socket on the end
of the handle and is retained there by a pin.

Claim. — The pick a, with the projecting piece 6, the socket J, and key/, constructed, coo-
bined, and arranged as herein set forth.

No. 37,971. -^L. H. Olmstead, of Yonkers, West Cheeter county, N. Y.^lmpnmi
Ratchet Brace. — Patent dated March 24, 1663.— This brace consists of a handle and piwi
rotating a drill by means of a ratchet wheel on the drill stock.

A pintle for the upper bearing of the stock makes a bearing for a collar, to which b at-
tached a stud which, passing through the shank of the lever, forms a pivot for the pawl.

Claim — First, the ai'raug^ment and combination of the dog 6, pivot a, stop c, handle F,
and serrated wjioel £, all constructed and operating substantially as and for the poipose
shown and described.

Second, the arrangement of the clamp G in combination with the stud (/, or its equivalent,
and with the nut or screw D of a ratchet brace, constructed and operating substantiallj as
and for the purpose specified.

No. 37,972.— John C. Park, of Buffalo, N. Y,— Improvement in Welding and Rrpsirisg
Railroad Bars.— Patent dated March 24, 1863.— The portions to be welded, or the part to be
straightened, is laid upon a bed-plate and against a die ; a ram of the proper shape is thn
violently thrust against it by means of a piston from a steam cylinder.

Claim, — The machine for welding or repairiufl^ railway bars, composed principally of a*
block or bed-plate A, a die B, a mm C, a piston F, and a steam cylinder L, the whole com-
bined to operate substantially as herein set forth.

No. 37,973.— Arthur Pell, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Otm/et.— Patent dated
March 24, 1863. — This pocket gimlet has a ring on the end of its shank, bv which it is fitted
on a tube as a cross handle, which forms a case into which it is sci"ewed when out of Mfvice.

Claim, — A pocket gimlet composed of the tube D, and a gimlet provided with a head or
knob C at the end of its shank A, the knob having a hole or openii^ a made throng it to
receive the tube D when required, and provided at its inner end with a screw 6 to tit when
required into an internal screw c io^the open end of the tube D, all constructed and arranged
as describe. «

No. 37,974.— John G. Perry, of South Kingstown, Washington couilty, N. Y.— fo/fw*-
memt in StrawCutters, — Patent dated March 24, 1863.— The spiral cutting blades are fixed
to arms which rotate in connexion with the face of a smooth cylinder above them.

Claim. — ^The combination of the smooth cylinder C, with the cylinder £, having a knift
or knives arranged as herein described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,975.— Julius G. Pohle, of Morrisania, West Chester county, N. Y., and Jawb
N. Crow, of Mott Haven, West Chester county, N. Y,— Improved Mode of Removing Stexu



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS, 329^

»

from Olass, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The invention consists in applying hydrofluorio
acid in a liquid state to glass to remove the iridescence or *' stains," by removing the surface
so far OS to prevent the refraction of the rav/s.

Claim, — The application of the within-described solution for the purpose of removing or
eradicating stains or bums from glass substantially in the manner set forth.

No. 37,976.— Ulysses Pratt, of Deep River, Middlesex county, Coim.^Machine for
Planing and Dressing Ivory, — Patent dated >larch 24, 1863.— The slabs are placed in a hop-
per, and fall one at a time into a recess on the upper side of a reciprocating bod, and being
drawn out are exposed to the action of rotary cutters, which plane them to the required
shape and roughen them for attachment to the keys.

Claim, — First, the combination of the rotary cutters D E, and reciprocating bed G, the
latter being provided with a recess K, having an inclined bottom a^, all arrau^d to operate
as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the hopper M, in combination with the rotary cutters D E, reciprocating bed G,
provided with the recess K, and the taper or wedge-shaped block O, all arranged substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein specitied.

No. ^,977.— Henry Preston and James Mahood, of Philadelphia, 'Pa:^Jmproved
Milk Can. — Patent dated March 24, 1833. — ^The improvement consists in constructing each
of the bands of a milk can in a solid single piece or thick tin plate, and securuig the whole
of its interior surface to the exterior of the vessel, with the ends rivetedt

Claim. — As an improved article of manufacture, milk cans having the single, solid, tin
plate bands a2, the said bands being constructed, applied, and secured to the vessel A in
the mcvnner described and set forth, for the purposes specified.

No. 37,978. — Barnard Regan, of Muunisburg, Ohio. — Improvement in Seed Drills, —
Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the seed wheel, which consists of a
pMr of disks with oblique teeth and depressions and a collar between them. The seed is
thrown over an oblique ed^ into the delivery tubes.

Claim, — First, .the combination of the oblique grooves d d and ridges « e of feed-wheel D
with the oblique sill c of delivery opening E substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, separating the transverse sections of feed-wheel D by a washer vj or washers;- or
what is equivalent thereto, forming notches » » in ridges « e of the same; substantially as
and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,979.— Benjamin S. Roberts, U. S. Army,— -Improvement in Projectiles for Rifled
Ordnance, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The projectile consists of two parts, the larger

rrtion at the front, being of cast-iron, and at the rear, a cup-shaped portion of soft metal,
little forward of the centre of gravitv of the shot, a shoulder is formed on the iron portion,
firom which point it is reduced toward the rear, assuming a paraboloid form and embraced
bv the cup of the rear portion. This rear portion is driven firmly upon the spindle by the act
of firing, and has tongues which cause the embracing portion, to expand into the rifles of the



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 47 of 164)