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Claim. — In a projectile for rifled ordnance composed of a body of cast-iron, and a cup or
band of soft metal and having upon its body a shoulder running transversely around the
same and a spindle furnished with longitudinal tonnes and grooves, first, constructing the
projectile of such proportions that the soft metal shall po embrace the centre of gnvvity of the
entire projectile as to furnish a bearing for the same, while passing through the cannon,
^ substantially in the manner and for the purpose above described.

Second, in a projectile constructed as described in the preceding claim, further, forming
the surface of the spindle in the shape of a paraboloid or such an approximation thereto thiS
the soft metal mav oy the force of tne explosion be crowded uniformly outwards on all sides
and at all parts of its length whereby the axis of the projectile may be placed and held firmly
in the axis of the cannon while passing through the same, thereby securing a steady motion
of rotation to the shot through its flight, substantially as and for the purpose above described.

No. 37,980.— C. B. Richards, of Hartford, Conn., assignor to C. E. Porter, of New
York, N. Y. — Improvement in Steam Engine Indicator, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The
lever, which is pivoted to and actuated by the piston rod, is connected to a lever whose centre
of vibration is on the indicator rod ; this vibrating arm is again connected to another lever of
the same length as the first, so that the attachment of the piston rod being nearer the point
of permanent attachment than to the rocking lever, the latter is moved more than the piston,
and in a straight line, as it is attached to levers of equal length by each end.

Claim. — ^The means substantially hereinbefore described for giving to the marking^ point a
range of motion greater than that of the piston by which it is actuated, in combination with
the described means or an equivalent therefor by which the marking point is caused to travel
in a straight line; substantially as and for the purposes hereinbefore specified.

No. 37,981. — Geqrob Ross, of Newport, Ky. — Improvement in Patterns for Moulding
Pipes, — Patent dated March 24, 1863.^This invention is applied to the pattern used in
moolding pipes so as to strengthen them in those places where they are to be tapped for



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330 ANNUAL BEPOBT OP THE

branch pipes. This is done by making a sectional ring which can be expanded at the pobt
desired by means of a conical ptonger, and drawn badt again so as to pennit the pattern
to be withdrawn from the sand. ^

Claim, — First, the application to the pattern A of a movable sectional ring B, or itseqnira-
lent, capable of being pushed out and drawn in while the pattern is in the sand, in the msii-
ner and for the purpuse substantially as specified.

Second, the arrangement of the rising and falling conical pluncer D, and springs C, in
combination with the studs d and sectional ring B, constructed and operating substantiaUj
AS ai^d for the purpose shown and described.

No. 37,982.— Edward Sauer, of New York, N. Y,^Improved Pre$9for Bending Shift?
ilrmor-P/flle«.— Patent dated March 24, 1883.— This machine consists of a bed and plaun,
the latter sustained above the bed by snjpporting screws and steadied by guide rods. Pro*
jecting upwards from the bed are dies adjustable vertically by screws, and the platen alio
has suspended dies of the 8%me character, so that by the proper disposition relatively of t^
series ot upper and lower dies, any required contorur may be given to the interposed plate.
The platen is drawn down toward the bed by means of nuts on pin-jointed bolts hinged to
the b(*d, which tit in slots on the edge of the platen, and are vibrated to a horizontal positioa
to place the plate in the press or withdraw it therefrom.

Claim. — The coaibination with each other and with the bed A, and platen or follower B,
of the two sets of dies F F and G G, constructed as described and separately adjustable
' both bodily and at eitlier end, substantially as and for the purposes herein spocitied.

Also, combining the bed A, and platen or follower B, to which sucn dies F F and
G G are attached, by means of hinged or pin-jointed bolts D D, substantially as and for the
purpose herein specified.

No. 37,983.— John W. Schreiber, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Coal-oULamn
mthout Chimneys. — Patent dated March 24, 1H63. — ^The improvement is in the wick tuw
and jacket. The former has a rounded top, and the latter is perforated^ and its flame-elit
narrowed in the middle.

Claim. — The combination of the rounded top wick tube c, and the perforated jacket *,
when tbe latter is provided with a slot or opening A in its top, having its central part nar-
rower than at its ends, as herein set forth.

No. 37,984.— George Smillie, of New York, N. Y.^Improved Green /«^.— Patent
dated March 24, 1863. — ^Take one part, by weight, of asbestos and two parts of cbroaiiain,
'as a basis, and mix with oil to form ink for steel plate printing; the color and consistency
varying by the proportions of the materials and the unctuous character derived from the
asbestos. The object is to obtain an impalpable and indestructible material that will not
grind the face of the plate, nor be obliteratea by re-agents.

Claim. — A printing ink having for its basis a compound of chromiom tuid asbestos or
other analogous and suitable material as herein described.

No. 37,985.— Mervin R. Smith, of Annonck, West Chester county, N. Y.^Improvment
in Sewing Marhines. — Patent dated March 24, \jiQ3, — ^This machine is constructed to sew
equally well whichever may be the direction of the revolution of the driving shaft, aod to
reverse the feed by the reversal of the movement of said shaft without any other changes of
adjustment. The improved device consists in the construction of the neeale*operating cam,
the feed mechanism, and the shuttle-operating mechanism, which are clearly defined in tbe
claim. Also, in isolating that portion of the bed which contains the raceway, so as to allow «
the work to pass around it ; and in the construction of the shuttle, by which the thread ii
passed through an elastic spring slide on a guide bar in the shuttle, to bring a nuiibnii
strain upon the thread.

Claim. — First, the combination of the needle-operating cam G, constructed as described,
the shuttle-driving eccentric J, and the feed lever H, having an elongated slot «, fitted with
a slide /I, and deriving a positive motion in both directions from a crank wrist h, the whole
arranged and operating substantiallv as set forth to cause the machine to operate with the
driving shaft or pulley rotating in either direction, and the feed to be reversed by reversmj^
the dii-ection of the said shaft or pulley.

Second, the combination with each other and with the isolated portion of the fiat bed
constituting a cylinder, or its equivalent, of the shuttle-driving eccentric J, rod M, rock
shaft L, arm N, rod P, and feed-operating crank wrist k^ the whole arranged and operating
substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Third, the slide y, ^uide bar lo, and spring x, combined with e§ch other and the tiiu.Uk,
substantially as and tor the purpose herein specified.

No. 37,986.— Charles F. Spencer, of Rochester, N. Y. ^Improvement in CoeMl
Lamp$. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The deflector is secured to the plate on which the
chimney stands, the latter being attached to shanks which pass into g^des on the wick tube.
When down, the chimney gallery sets on the flangod support, but when raised so that the
shanks traverse in the guides, it may be vibrated over to expose the wick for dressing and
renewal.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 331

Claim. — Connecting the deflector and chimney with the wick tnbo or cap, by means of
the sliding shank 6, secured to the guide G, or its equivalent^ in such a manner that the
shank is held firmly in place when lowered, but forms a joint when raised, so as to turn
vertically the chimney and deflector back ; the whole arranged, combined and operating
substantially as herein set forth.

No. 37,987.— Abnkr G. Tisdel and William Nasii, of Watertown, Jefferson county,
N. Y. — Improced Attachment for Converting Burning fluid into Coal-oil Lamps. — Patent
duted March 24, 1863. — ^This consists of a clamp or collar to be attached to the wick, tube
of an oil or alcohol lamp having prongs rising from it terminating in perforated caps on each
side of the flame.

Claim, — The two prongs A A, provided &t their upper parts with perforated cap-shaped
terminals and slotted at their lower parts to form arms 6, which are connected to a suitable
clamp, all arranged us and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,988.— P. C. Van Brocklin, of Buffalo, N. Y.^Iniprovement in Cultivators,^
Patent dated March *24, 1833. — The triangular frame of this cultivator is supported upon a
wheel at each corner ; the forward wheels being pivoted in arras projecting downwardly
from the frame, and the socket of the rear caster wheel pivoted so as to bo vibrated back
and forth by the lever, with connecting rods tu lower the frame at all corners simultaneously.

Claim. — Cultivators having a triangular frame with a wheel at each corner, supporting
a caster wheel at the apex of the frame, in a socket or journal box which is hung upon a
bolt or pin, in such a manner that it may turn or swing froelv upon said bolt, in combina-
tion with a swivel l(*ver shaft which connects with the wheel and extends ujpwardly for a
handle, and operates a^ a swivel upon which the wheel turns freely, and which is connected
with the fonvard wheels by means of rods, taking hold of the arms I below the frame, so
that all of the wheels may be raised or lowered simultaneously by the driver, substantially
as and for the purposes described.

No. 3^,989.— Charles Van De Mark, of Oaks Comer, Ontario county, N. Y.— /m-
protement in Portable Fences. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The adjacent ends of the
worm fence panels are interlocked with each other by the protrusion of the three middle
boards with a slatattached, through a gap made by the cutting away of the three middle
boards between the two slats at the enf of the other panel. The cleats on these ends lock
against the contiguous surfaces, and the comers are braced by inclined slats.

Claim. — Interlocking the panels by means of the cleat rf, or its equivalent, on one panel,
abutting against the cleat b and the top and bottom rails of the other panel ; either with or
without the other abutting cleats c a, substantially as and for the purposes heroin specified.

Also, the brace G, constructed and arranged substantially as specified, in combination
with the construction and arrangement of the panels as descrioed.

No. 37,990.— GUSTAV Wedekind, of Philadelphia, Fh,— Improvement in Clasps for Paper
Shade Holders, -^Patent dated March 24, 1863.— The upper edge of the paper shuade is in-
serted within the ring or clasp and the clips punched down upon it.

Claim. — The making of the clips at the top and inside of the ring so as to clasp the shade
inside of the ring, in the manner and for th^ purpose herein described and represented.

No. 37,991.— Joel Whitney, of Winchester, lioBS.^Improved Machine for Rolling
Green or Wet Leather. — Patent dated March 24, 18(53. — This invention consists in a rolling
machine for expressing the liquor out of wet leather preparatory to splitting it, an elastic
pressure being brought upon the leather by means of a yielding material beneath their jour-
nals, and the rollers themselves being covered with an elastic casing. The upward pressure
of the elastic bearings of the lower rollers is increased by weights on the treadle communi-
cated by levers, &,c., to the box in which the cushion is placed, and the pressure of the upper
rollers regulated by the geared' screw arrangement on the top of the standards.

Claim. — First, the combination of the rollers B B P P, snaft c, and screws a a, with the
devices g i hj Ikmp, in the manner described for the purpose of producing the effect do-
Bcribcd upon wet leather.

Second, hanger j, cap », box or cylinder A, and spring q, in combination with the roller B,
in the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, the combination of the levers k k, links m m, and treadle p, with the hanger j, of
the cap t, in the manner and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the combination in a wet leather rolling machine of the spring g^ lever arrange-
ment klmpf and geared screw arrangement c e s 6 6 a a, in the manner and for the purpose
described.

No. 37,992.— Samuel R. Wilmot, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Apparatus for
Clutping Skirts, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. —The clasps are placed in the hopper and fed
down the channel ready for insertion into the tape, which is performed by the descending
hammer.

The percussion iolts the clasps in their reseryoir so as ta be ready for transmission into the
channel, and the hammer is moved by means of a treadle.



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332 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Claim. — First, the interposition of a spring N between the shaker E e and the concnssiTe
portion of the machine as i-epresented.

Second, the projections K K, and the recesses E' K\ and spring P, arranged to operate
relatively to the supporting piece I i, or its equivalent, substantiallj as and tor the purpose
herein set forth.

Third, the projections L L, and the recesses L' L', and sprinjj P, arranged to operate rel-
atively to the supporting piece L t, or its equivalent, substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 37,993.— Robert T. Wilde and Samuel H. Lyon, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improve-
ment in Dies for forming Hats, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — This invention is applied to
fcHin hats of a bell crown shape, and the die is nmde expansible b^ means of cams and crank
80 ab to be made to assume the shape required while the hat is being formed upon it, and re-
duced again to a cvlindrical form for withdrawal from the hat.

Claim, — First, the combination of a fixed bottom-piece A a fixed top-piece, C, and a series
of interposed expanding pieces D D £ E, the whole constructed and arranged to operate
substantially as herein specified for the purpose sot forth.

Second, so combining the several expanding pieces D D E E with each other and with a
cam H attached to the die or block, that th^ saia pieces may be operated simultaneously as
herein described, to produce the contraction and expansion of the die or block without the
removal and re-insertion of any portion of the die or block.

No. 37,994.— Stephen W. Woodward, of BuflRalo, N. Y.— Improved Clothes-Ironing
Machine, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — This machine consists of a hollow metallic table
heated by gas or otherwise, and a smoothing iron at the end of a reciprocating arm, which is
worked by machinery.

Claim, — First, the hollow metallic table B, when heated by a flame of gas or spirit lamp,
and constructed aud^sed for the purpose of ironing clothes thereon, as described.

Second, operating the smoothing iron £, by means substantially as described, in combina*
tion* with the hollow metallic table B, for the purposes set forth. .

No. 37,995. — ^W. A. Wood, of Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer coimty, N. Y,— Improvement tm
Dividers for Harvesting Maclnnes. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The upper and under por-
tion of the shoe are not united at the front, and have an enlarged space over and behind the
finger bar to enable the sickle to carry out all matter that may lodge on the shoe, such as
dbad ^rass, mouse-nests, &c.

Claim, — An outside shoe or divider having an enlarged open space over and behind the
finder bar, to which it is fastened, and the upper and under portions of whose front approach
each other near enough for the cutter to pass through without being uiiited, substantially as
and for the purpose herein described.

No. 37,996. — Nathan Ames, of Saugus Centre, Mass. — Improvement in Needles, — Patent
dated March 24, 1863. — ^The eye of the needle is provided with a lateral slot so bevelled as
to facilitate the entrance of the thread and prevent its escape, and also to offer no impediment
to the use of the needle. The strength of the eye is preserved by making it thicker at the
side opposite the slot.

lOlaim, — A needle made with a lateral bevelled opening into the eye, and an increased
thickness of metal on the side of the needle opposite the opening, all as heroin shown and
described.

No. 37,997.—Alexander BAIN^ of New York, N. Y., assignor to Himself and William
H. Allen, of same place. — Improvement in Electric Telegraphs, — Patent dated March 24,
1863. — ^This invention consists in a rotary finger plate that makes and breaks the electrical
circuit, and by means of an electro-magnet gives motion to a hand that indicates upon a dial
the motion or signs transmitted ; al&o, in movable indicating dials that can be vaned in the
order ^ of the lettering or figuring, to render unintelligible tne message, except by mutual
agreement of the dials of the sender and receiver.

Claim. — First, the finger plate provided with the cavities or holes corresponding with the
sign to be transmitted, said plate in its revolution making and breaking the electrical circuit,
siibstantiallv as set forth.

Second, the stop C in combination with the said finger plate, for the purposes and as
specified.

Third, the <lial m and hand n, actuated substantially as shown, in combination with said
finger plate, for receiving the message, as specified.

Fourth, the movable dials or rings applies to the transmitting and receiving instruments,
whereby the telegraphic communication can only be understood by the sender and receiver,
as set forth.

Fifth, the finger plate supported at or near its circumference, so that the interior of said
. finger plate may bq open for exhibiting the dial m and hand », as set forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS* 333

No. 37,998.— William B. Barnard, of Waterbuiy^New Hayen county, Corm., assignor
to Himself and Samuel G. Blackman, of the same place. — Improvement in Coppering Iron
Vessels, — Patent dated March 24, 1833. — This improvement consists in the use of a varnish
or other insulating material applied between the hull and the sheathing, when the latter is
attached'by rivets in enlarged cavities in the hull.

Claim. — The combination of Japan varnish, or any other suitable insulating substance or
material, with the coimer sheathing of an iron or iron-plated vessel, when said sheathing is
attached to the vessel bv means of metallic rivets^ secured within enlarged cavities formed
in the iron work of the hull of said vessels, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 37,999.— Erastus W. Bates, of Waterville, Eennebeck county, Maine, assignor to
John Ellis, of North Bridgeport, Mass. — Improvement in Wood-saw Fram««.-^Patent dated
March 24, J 863. — This improvement is a method of tightening the frame of a *■ buck" saw
to strain the blade, and consists of a lever and cam, drawing upon a link attached to the
lightning rod, and working in indentations on the shorter member of the saw frame.

Claim. — The combination of the strap E pivoted to the base D, the lever G, with its cam
/pivoted to the strap, and the plate I, with its indentions t, applied to the head of the bar
B, in the manner specified.

No. 38,000.— George W. Bigelow, of New Haven, Conn., assignor to H. B. Bioelow,-
of same place. — Improvement in Rifling Machines. — Patent dated March 24, 1663. — The in-
yention consists in a combination of parts, whereby the mandrel is caused to rotate on its
axis during the passage of the barrel ; this is accomplished by means of a tripping lever and
connecting rods, whidi actuate a Tertical rack mashing into a pinion on the mandrel shaft.

Claim. — The combination of the cross-head trip i and lever d with the rack N and pin-
ion O, when the same are combined to operate substantially as and for the purpose specinod.

No. 38,001.— Peter Budenbach, of New York, N. Y., assignor to E. R. Bennett, of
same place. — Improvement in Coal-oil Lamps for Locomotives. — Patent dated March V4,
1863. — Below the outer tube of the lamp extends a cylindrical chamber with perforated
sides and bottom, in which Uie goide-rod extension of the wick raiser projects. A space in-
tervenes between the outer tube of the lamp and the wick tube, in which the wick raiser
traverses, and which is connected with the oil supply; within this wick tube is a sliding
tube, to which, by bridges, is attached permanently a rod, on the summit of which is a but-
ton to deflect the flame, so that, by the raising or lowering of this inner tube, the button is
adjustable to the flame ; over the oil chamber extends a circular cap or bridge with per-
forated sides and with a flame orifice. In the wick chamber above the pinion, which
operates the wick raiser, is an annular diaphrag^, which prevents the wick or other matters
reaching the part of the tube occupied by the pinion.

Claim. — First, attaching the button 1 to a sliding tube G, which is fitted within the tube
E, all arranged as shown, to support the bottom in proper position, and admit of the ready
adjustment of the same as set forth.

Second, the perforated cylinder B, attached to the lower end of the outer tube A of the
lamp, .when said cylinder is made to project below said tube and form an extension of the
same, as and for the purpose set forth. *

Third, the bridge in the oil-chamber K, formed of the curved top plate c, and perforated
sides d d, and provided with a perforated cylinder M,. any one or all of the perforated parts
being used as and for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the perforated partition plate J, in the wick chamber h'^ as and for the purpose
set forth.

No. 38,002.— Thomas D. Burrall, of Geneva, Ontario county, N. Y., assignor to Wa-
UAH D. Bl'RRALL, of same place. — Improvement in Com Shellers. — Patent dated March 24,
1863. — ^The invention consists in providing the circular tube, through which the ear of com
is conveved to the toothed disk, with a recess in which is fitted a spring to crowd th% ear
against the sheller.

Claim.^-The circular hopper e, provided with a recess for receiving the curved spring o, in
the manner and for the purposes specified, y

No. 38,003.— S. W. Kirk, of Coatesville, Chester county. Pa., a8sig;nor to Self and E.
C. 8T0T8ENBURG, of Wilmington, Del. — Improvement in Purifying Cast-iron, — Patent dated
March 24, 1863. — ^The invention consists in the use of binoxide or hyperoxide of manganese,
applied to the iron while the latter is in a state of fusion.

Claim. — The use of the binoxide or hyperoxide of black manganese, with or without the
addition of the sesquioxide of iron, introduced to the iron when the iron is perfectly fluid,
for the purpose of washing out Qie impurities, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
pose set forth.



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834 ANNUAL REPOBT OP THB

No. 38,004.— C. W. Theo. Krausch, of Chicaj^, HI., assizor to Self and Robert Mo
Cabb, assignors to said Krausch and David Howes, of same p]hce.—Inwrorement tn Grain
Elevaiar. — Patent daied March 24, 186:1 — This improvement consists ofti series. of elevat-
ing screws in suitable tubes bj which the contents of the boat or car are raisedtand dis-
charged into the warehouse, and thence transported to the upper floors. The swinging
tube is connected to the second tube by means of a connecting arm, so that their relative
distance is maintained, and the gearing on the end of each, which diivDs the screw, is caused
to rotate simultaneously by a band connecting a pulley on each. The grain at the summit
of the swinging tubo is received by a bonnet, whicn discharges it into a spout, from whence
it passes to the second elevator.

Claim, — First, providmg the tube E with a receiving and discharging bonnet E', sub-
stantially as and for the purpose set forth. •

Second, so connecting the receiving swinging tuBe E with the stationary tube B, that a
revolution may be simultaneously imparted to the screws of both tubes, and such motion
continued whether the tube E bo elevated or depressed, or swung out from or swung in to-
ward the wall A during the act of elevating the grain.

Third, connecting the swinging receiving tube £ with the stationary tube B, by means



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 48 of 164)