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substantially as and for the purpose described.

* Fourth, the combinatiofi of the swinging receiving tube E, screw I, and cap E', and
counter-balancing weights p'.\ for the purpose set forth.

• Fifth, the combination of a series ot'tuoes E B and B', and a series of elevating screws
I and I^ the whole being combined, arranged, and operating substantially in the manner
and for the purpose Si'.t forth.

No. .38,005.— Edwin L. Simpson, of Monroe, Fairfield county. Conn., assignor to Hun-
self and Jared Wilson Post, of New Haven, Conn. — Improred Composition for Water'
proofing Fabrics. — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^The object is to produce a water-proofing
composition free from sulphur. Two parts of g^tta percha and three ^)art3 of camphene or
nanhtba are meRed together; a drying oil is then prepared, by boiling a vegetable oil to the
^ consistency of jelly ; when cool, to four gallons of concentrated oil add one of cleansed ben-
' sine, three gallons of camphene or naphtna, and three gallons of the above solution of g^ta
percha. Color to suit, and ai)ply to the &bric.

Claim. — First, a water- proof compound composed, in the manner described, of gutta percha
and camphene, or naphtha, for the purpose and substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the compound produced by combining with the liquid gutta percha, prepared as
described, benzine, camphene, and boiled vegetable oil, in the manner and for the purpose
substantially as herein set forth and described.

No. 38,006.— Edwin L. Simpson, of Monroe. Springfield county, Conn., assignor to Him-
self and Jared Wilson Post, of New Haven, Conn. — Imvrotement in the Manttfacture of
Flocked Water^proof Fabrics. — Patent dated March ^, 1863. — ^The invention consists in ap-
plying to fabrics the water-proof compound which was the subject of letters patent No.
3b,0or>, dated March 24, 18G3, and adding thereto a coating of flocks.

Claim. — ^The coating water-proof fabrics, in the manner herein described, with flocks,^ or
similar material, when the said fabrics are prepared in the manner substantially as herein set
forth.

No. 38,007.— J. O. Taber, of Salem, Ohio, assipor to Himself, C. R. Taber, and W. 8.
Stetson, of same place. — Improvement in Traek'Clearers for Harvesters. — Patent dated
March 24, J 863. — ^The swath-board is secured to the shoe by means of a projecting pin on
each side of the former, which fits in the curved grooves of the projection in the rear of the shoe.
An additional swath-bar is pivoted to the inside of the swath-board, which has a vertical
adjustment by a set screw.

Claim. — ^First, the method of attaching the swSth-board C to the shoe B of the finger-bar,
as herein shown and described, to wit, bv means of the pin c, secured transversely in the
swf^h-board, and the recesses 6 6 in the sides of the slot a of the shoe B, the pin being fitted
in tne recesses, and the inner end of the. swath-boaid bearing against the inner edge of the slot.

Second, attaching the arm D to the swath-board C by means of the socket E, which is pro-
vided with a plate c, having a curved slot/ in it, through which a screw g passes, the socket
being attached to the swnth-board by a screw </, which is at the centre of a circle of which
the curved slot/ forms a part, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,008.-pJoHN Underwood and Frederick V. Burt, of London, England, assign-
ors to Waldo Maynard and Charles R. Thayer, of Boston, Moss. — Improvement in
Composition for Printing and Copyin^-Jnk, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — Patented in
England, September 19, 1856. — The object is to produce an ink which shah be transferable
fix>m the printed impression to moist paper in a letter-press, so as to copy printed blanks
which have been filled up with copying-ink. The preparation is as follows : Of nut-galls,
fourteen pounds ; sulphate of iron, six pounds ; gum Senegal, twelve pounds ; treacle, six



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 335

pounds; soap, three pounds; lampblack, six pounds; Prassian blue, three pounds; and
filtered rain-water, fiileen imperial eallons, properly compounded. Other formal&s are given.
Claim. — Our new manufacture of printing and copying ink, as made of soap and other ma-
terials, #ud in manner substantially as herein beforedescribed.

No. 38,009.— Edward 8. Winchester, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Himself and Jo-
seph Gardner, jr., of same place.— /wfM'are^ Clasp for Shoes, BeltSy ^c— Patent dated
March '24, 1863. — One end of the strap has a short plate with a stud, which is inserted into a
hole in the double plate and passed along in a slot, being retained at the desired point by a
ratch, whose teeth engage with the shank of the stud. The ratch is closed against the stud
by a spring, and withdrawn by a thumb-piece sufficiently to admit the passage of the 0tud.

Claim, — The clasp •on^tructed substantially as above described.



No. 38,010. - Mrs. Henrietta H. Adams, of New York, N. Y, - Improvement in Hair
Crimpers, — Patent dated March 24, 186:1 — This invention consists of two blocks hinged to-
gether, and each formed on its respective faces with grooves of different widths, so that, by
turning the apparatus, in either position, crimps of any desired size mav be provided.

Claim. — First, a double hair-crimper adapted for use in reversed positions, substantially as
herein described. #

Second, in combination therewith a hinge or hinges applied substantially as set forth, to
adapt the machine for use in either i)osition.

Tnird, the hook D, or other suitaole catch or fastening, iA the described combination with
the double hair-crimper.

No. 38,011.— J. Herrington Hendee, of Blackman, Jackson county, Michigan.— /m-
provement in Stump Extractors, — Patent dated March 24, 1863. — ^This machine is sopported
upon a sled. The lever vibrates upon the forward bench, and a chain having been attached
by a hook to a prominent root, is fastened to the shorter end of the lever. The longer end
is depressed by a rope passing over a system of pulleys in the draught-beam and the end
of the lever, the former being attached by a staple to the round at the nose of the sled,' and
its heel end set into the forward bench.

Claim, — First, making the horizontal beam E serve the double purpose of a draught-beam
for the sled and a purchase for the lever G, as herein described.

Second, the auxiliary beam H, arranged as described, in combination with the sled runners
A A and fever G, as herein described.

Third, the fulcrum plates A h' and lips 1 1, or their equivalents, in combination with the
lever G, and transverse bridge-tree C, substantially as described.

Fourth, combming with sled runners A A, sprc^ out at their rear ends, the standards A
A, bridge-tree C, lever G, draught-beam £, pulleys g g\ s s\ and rope ^, substantially as
describe. . /

No. 38,012.— S. McClanathan, of ^Var^en, HI. — Improvement in Beehives,— FeAent dated
March 24, 1863.— The case is divided off into compartments, occupied by interchangeable
boxes, or drawers, which are provided with a projecting entrance, or tube. Each drawer has
a tray beneath it, which may be withdrawn to remove the refuse of the box, the latter having
holes for communication, and dividing slides to partition off the family as may be desired.

Claim. — The combination and arrangement of the hive sections and interchangable boxes,
or drawers, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

Also, the projecting funnel-shaped entrance tubes, with their ventilating caps, substantially.
as specified.

No. 38,013.— Oran W. Seeley, of Syracuse, N. Y,— Improvement in Device for Operating
CAunu.— Patent dated March 24, 1863.— The chum is operated by a crank on the fly-wheel
BhaSi, which, by pitman-balance, lever, and connecting rod working in a guide, gives a ver-
tical reciprocating motion to the dasher and shaft.

Claim. — The employment of the vertical reciprocating connecting rod a, working in guide
D', in combination with the dash chum and the balanced lever, arranged and operating in
the manner and for the purposes substantially as described.

No. 38,014.— Otis Tufts, of Boston, Uabb,— Improved Construction and Defence of War
Vessels. — Patent dated March 24, 1863.— This invention consists of side-armor and backing
secured to the hull. One feature of this improvement is in making the form of the armor to
conform to the troe lines of the vessel, and securing her symmetry as if no armor were incorw
.porated in her stracture. This is accomplished by making a recess in the hull and bending
the plates inwards from the required distance below the water-line to the offset of the oblique
Toof. The defensive armor is composed of alternate layers of iron plates and timbers, with
wrought-iron screw bolts passing vertically through them and securing them to the shelf of
the recess ; it is also secured by norizontal bolts, which pasd from vertical straps to fixtures
in the hull; said fixtures consisting of eyes with flanges, and countersunk riveted projections
passing through the plates of the hull.



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336 jlknual bepobt of ise

Claim.— In the constniction of iron war ships, the recess in the sides snbst&ntially m sa4
for the purpose described, such recesses being formed by bending inwards the frames and
the platiog thereon.

Also, forming the fixtore m, which is secured to the hull, substantiallj as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Also, compressing an firmor compounded .of iron and of wood, or rather equiTskot
therefor, by means of screw bolts attached to the fixture m, substantially as shown.

Also, securing defensive armor to a huU by means of bolts jointed to fixture «, subttaa-
tiallv as and for the purposes specified.

Also, the employment of the straps g, in connexion with the screw bolts / and the fixture
m, for the purpose of securing the compound armor to the hull.

No. 38,015.—Charles N. Tyler, of Buffalo, N. Y,— Improved^ Compositum for Bmrnn^
Fluid,— Patent dated March 24, 1863. — The invention consists in the combination of fiial
oil with the mineral and earthy oils, with naphtha and with alcohol, and in treating the com-
bination of petroleum or kerosene and fusil oil with alcohol.

Claim, — First, the compound produced by the combination of the mineral or eartl^ nSk
with fiisil oU, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein set forth, said con-
pound constituting a new ^umufocture.

Second, the comj^pund produced by the combination of naphtha with alcohol and fiuQ
oil. .

Third, the heavy liquid obtained by treating the combination of petroleum or kerosene and
nsil .oil with alcohoL

No. 38,016.— Thomas Wise, of Boston, Mass.— Ore Washer.— Toieni dated March 24,
1863. — ^This machine consists of a series of two or more tight boxes, arranged one above ano-
ther with suitable pipes for the introduction of air under piCssure, whereby the solution which
is received direct irom the stamp mill is so acted upon as to separate the earthy matter torn
the mineral and deposit it in layers according to its comparative gravity.

Claim. — ^Taking the combined ore and water direct from the stamp heads, and separating
the metal in various grades by means of forced currents of air injected beneath the water,
within a series of tight boxes set upon pivots one above another, all as shown and explained.

No. 38,017.— Warren A. Simonds and Seth Warner, of Boston, Mass., assignofs to
Setii Warner and Oliver Warni r, of North Hampton, Mass., and Albert L. Fernald,
of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Treating Gag for Illumination. — Patent datecl March 24,
1863. — The gas obtained by passing air through a hydro-carbon liquid is treated with a mix-
ture of alcohol and chloride of lime to purify it.

Claim. — ^We do not claim the manufacture of illumina'ting gas by forcing air over
benzole, naphtha, or other liquids simply, as that is already known— but we claim, forcing
the gas thus made through a mixture of alcohol and chloriae of lime, thereby effecting sncb
a change in said gas that it is not liable to refrigeratil>n or condensation ; and also so decsr-
bonizing said gaa as to prevent smoke while burning, and prepare it for any kind of burner.

No. 38,018.— James M. Dick, of Buffalo, N. y!— Improvement in Broilers.— VnUaii dated
March 24, 1863. — ^The meat is placed upon a flexible apron or jointed gridiron so as to be
wrapped around a skeleton reel and placed on bearings m a box over the fire, where it is ro-
tated by a crank.

Claim. — First, the flexible apron B, when constructed and operating as and for the pur-
poses described.

Second, the reel A, flexible apron B, and box O, when used in combination for the par-
poses as described.

No. 38,019.— Stephen M. Allen, of Wobum. Middlesex county, Uass.-Improvement i»
the Manufacture of Paper for Collars. — Patent dated March 31, JoQS. — After separating the
fibre of straw, the filaments thus obtained are steeped in water successively from lukewarm to
boiling, when an alkaline solution may be added until the albumen nearest to the surfiuw can
be rinsed away. After each Varm water bath the filaments are rinsed in warm or cold water.
They are then allowed to dry, when the fabric is quite free from albumen and in proper condi-
tion to be resolved into its natural elements by mechanical means, whereby the nbro is drawn
down longitudinally, dividing it into short filaments whose ends are stranded. The fibres lo
reduced are then put into the pulp, giving a greater strength to paper used for the manofiie-
ture of collars and other purposes.

Claim. — ^The production of paper adapted to the manufacture of collars, wristbands, and
other similar articles of wear u-om flax, nemp, jute, or other lon^-stapled fibrous substance,*
by treating the said fibre in warm water at suooessively increased temperature, as described,
in combination with the reduction thereof by mechanical means substantially as herein set focth.

No. 38,020.— Stephen M. Allen, of WoBum, Uub.— Improvement in the MauMfedm
rf Paper from ITood.— Patent dated March 31, 1863.— Wood, cut and sawed into suitable
length, is crushed lon^todinaUy to preserve the fibres and stec^ied and washed alternately in



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 387

wann water of dififoient temperatnres. The mass is tben bailed, bleadied, und groimd and

is theu ready to be nanufactured into paper.

Claim. — The manufacture of paper pulp or paper from wood bj performing the operations
of cuttioff the wood in 8uita)»le lengths, crushing it in such a manner as to preserve the in-
tefpty of the fibre in its longitudinal direction, alternating, steeping, and washing the same
at increased temperatures, and finally boiling, grinding, and bleaching the same ; the whole
in succession suostantially as herein described.

Xo. 38,021.— Benjamin T. Babbitt, of New York, N. Y, ^Improved Method of Using
Exhaust Steam for Heating Purposes. — Patent dated March 81, 1863. — ^The inyention consists
in leading the exhaust pipe through the chimney or flue and thence to the apparatus to be
heated. ,

C/aim.— Conducting the exhaust pipe D into and for a certain distance through the chim-
• ney C, or other flue, and thence out to the vessel or apparatus to be heated, substantially as
herein described.

No. 38,022.— YousouFP Bey, ef New York, N. Y.— Improved Composition for Covering
and Protecting Iron. — Patent dated March 31, 1863. — The composition consists of rosin or
rosin and copal, forty to seventy pounds ; tallow, twenty to fifty pounds ; beeswax, five pounds ;
oxide of iron, five pounds. Melt the rosin, then add the tallow in which the oxide of iron
has been previously mixed, then add the beeswax, keep it below boiling heat ; stir well.

Claim. — A compound for protecting iron from corrosion, composed of the ingredients above
named, and in the proportions substantially as above described.

No. 38,023.*-LORENZO Bommer, of New York, N. Y. —Improved Door and Shutter Spring.
— ^Patent dated March 3i, 1863. — To the door poster window frame is attached a pintle with
a transverse pin and a spring, and attached to the door is a plate, whose flange sets over the
pintle so that in opening the door the stud en the flange presses against the spiral spring which
shuts it when the pressure against the door is removed.

Claim. — ^The plate H with the projection g and plate I, in combination with the pintle £
and pin F, constructed and applied substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38 024.— Joshua W. Bradway, of Akron, Fulton county, lud.— Improvement in
Animal Trap. — Patent dated March 31, 1863. — This trap is so constructed that an animal
pulling upon the bait releases the trigger, and the sectional floor is caused to rotate by the
influence of the weight on the drum attached to the axis of rotation of each section, thus
dropping the animal into the chamber of the trap, and the board continuing its rotation, is
arrested D^ the spring which had returned to its original position, and the trap is ready for
another victim.

Claim. — The arrangement of the box A, hinged bottom a, revolving sections of the top gg.
flanged drums i i, T-shaped support B, pulleys » j, weighted cords % k, combined heok and
trigger n o, support m and spring D, all in the manner and for the purposes herein described.

No. 38,025.— Jacob Brinkerhoff, of Auburn, Caynga countj^, N. Y.— Improved Mods
of Hanging Balance Whsds^ ^c— Patent dated March 31, 1863 — The object of this improve-
ment is to hang a wheel in such a manner that it has no lateral strain or tendency to rock ;
and this is accomplished by attaching the wheel firmly to a central shaft which is made tonm
inside the true axle as in a sleeve, toe* latter not passing through the hub of the wheel, of
course, but leaving sufficient space for the firm attachment of the wheel and central shaft.

Claim. — The manner herein described of hanging fly or balance wheels, gear-whedLs and
pulleys, so as to relieve the shaft to which they are attached from lateral strain, as and for
the purpose specified.

No. 38^)26.— John Brooks and Jos. H. Sanforu, of NorthBridsewater, Mass.— improtwif
Edge Plane for Trimming Soles of Boots, Sfc — Patent dated March 31, 1863. — ^This consists
of a circular plane set to a convenient handle ; the plate has an annular recess in one face
for the reception of steel cutters, which are laid to each other in such a way that one forms a
cutter and the other the throat, and are retained in position by a screw and plate, Which laps
their inner edges, and when down these pieces are mterchangeable with eacn other.

Claim. — The combination of the knife and giuird, so constructed and arrangedi as set forth,
that they may be reversed and transposed as described.

Ne. 38,027.— W. F. Brooks, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Method of Affixing Tubes in
Steam Condensers. — Patent dated March 31, 1863.— Between the tubs sheet and an addi-
tiimal sheet is a perforated sheet of India-rubber, which being clamped tightly upon the
elastic material makes a steam-tight joint At one end this joint is formed in a ferrule, the
elastic material fitting in a groove in its periphery, the said ferrule being, for a part of its
length, of a conical shape, so as to admit of its being easily withdrawn after it is onc^started.

Claim. — ^Tke employment of a perforated sheet or sheets of rubber in combination with
the tube sheets and ends of the tubes for securing said tubes m place and maintaining a tight

H. Ex. Doc. 60-r — 22



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338 ANMUAL RBPOBT OF THB

jtint wUle aUowIng imt the rvrjing leogth of tmbet due to ezpantion and oontmcdoQ «• de-
scribed.
Also, tbe furale and grooye tberson for tbe purpose described hereiiL

No. 38,028. ^J. 8. Brown, of New York, N. Y.— htfmUs' Exercising Maehin$,—TBteni^Uid
Mflut:h 31, 1863. — To a snitable base a pedestal i^ attached, and npoathis is a vibratiDg lover
pivoted thereto. To one end of this lever is a cord attached to a treadle on the floor, and near
this is a spring (Connecting the lever and base, and adjustable nearer or further from the point
of vibration, to increase or diminish its tension. At the other end of the lever is the cot or
chair for the infant, and the machine being set in motion the action on the treadle forms the
motive power ; the spring and the weight of the cot nearly balancing each other, keep up a
constant vibrating motion.

CUim. — First, the employment of a competent frame, consisting of the platform and pedes-
tal, or their equivalent, sustaining a vibrating lever, as set forth, to one end of which lever is
attached the chair or conch, and the other end of which is connected with a spring also at-
tached to the aforesaid frame, the combination being substantially as described.

Second, in the above apparatus, the notches in the lever by which the active power or
elasticity of the spring is varied at will, as and for the purpose specified, and the pcrforaCted
strap N and pin 12, or their equivalent, to vary the height of the chair firom the platform for
the puipose set forth.

Tnird, the loop 2, bar 4, spindle 5, and bail or bow E, arranged and connected with the
lever and with tno chair or couch as and for the several purposes specified.

Fourth, the specific method of arranging the pedal with respect to, and of combining the
same with, the lever and the spring so as to operate in connexion therewith for the purpose,
in tbe manner and with the results specified.

No. 38,029.— Oliver M. Brown, of Toledo, Ohio.— 7mj>rot»em«nf in Furnaces for Heat-
ing Tires, — Patent dated March 31, 1863. — ^This invention consists of an annular furnace
provided with a number of draught holes and a chimney; in this furnace the kindling is laid,
and upon it the tire, then the wood is piled on and the cover closed ; fire is then applied at
the different blast-holes to make an even heat.

Claim, — The above-described furnace as a new article of manufacture, the same being
provide with a peculiar arrangement of flues with doors, in the manner and for the purposes
set forth.

No. 38,030.— Robert Bryson, of Schenectady, N. Y,^Imprvvement in Harvesters,—
Patent dated March 31, 1863. — ^The invention consists in an apparatus for throwing the
sickle in and out of gear by protruding or withdrawing slides which work in a fiist hub on
the secondary shaft and engage with an otherwise loose pinion which meshes into the lar^^
wheel on the driving shaft ; a weighted lover or counter-balance for the cutter bar ; a friction
roller in the stirrup bearing upon toe head of the bracket to which the cutter bar is attached,
and a method of raising the cutter by the intervention of a segment and a secondary lever as
represented. .

Claim. — Pirst, the combination In a harvester of the driving wheels, larffe spur wheels C
0, driving shaft, double bevelled or angular spring latches g g^ hold-bock pins d d^ slots e s,
hubs H H, depressions h A, and pinions a a, tor the purpose of throwing into and out of ac-
tion the sickle of the harvester, as herein described.

Second, the combination of spring latch boxes H H, constructed as herein described, fixed
to a rotating shaft D, Vith loose spur wheels a a, driving spurs C C, bevelled spur £, its
pinion 6, longitudinal shaft F, crank wheel F^ and connectmg rod G, when the same are
arrange^} in connexion with a harvester, and operate substantially as herein described.

Third, the employment of the loaded lever JL, attached to the sliding stirrup I, and con-
nected to the cutting apparatus, so as to enable me to nicely balance, and at the same^ime to
allow of the vertical adjustments of the catting apparatus, substantially as herein set forth.

Fourth, the frietion roller A, in the stirrup 1 1, when placed in such a relation to the rounded
bead of tlie pivoted bracket J, as to serve as an anii-friction bearing for said bracket, essen-
tially as herem set forth.

Fifth, attaching the short arm of the lifting lever M to the balancing lever L at a point
which is between the extreme end of the short arm of this lever and its fulcrum, substan-
tially as herein set forth;

No. 38,031.— Mnxs L. Cullender, of New Tork, N. Y,—lmfr99smsint in Hydrotarhon
Bamers.— Patent dated March 31, 1863.— The object ef this invention is to prevent the boat
of the burner passing to the wick tube and oil receptacle, and to enable tbe nydro-carbon to



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 49 of 164)