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ghany county^ Pa. — Improvement in Lamffs. —Patent dated April 7, 1863. — ^This invention
consists in attaching a metallic hoop or collar to the neck of a lamp, or other article, while it
is in the act of being blown or moulded.

Claim. — First, as a new article of manufacture, a glass lamp, or other article of like mate*
rial, having a metallic hoop or collar d^ applied thereto, substantially in the manner and for
the purpose set forth.

Second, attaching a metal hoop to the collar of a lamp, while the lamp is in the act of being
moulded or blown, the lamp, so formed, when withdrawn from the mould, being a complete
merchantable commodity in a single piece, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, making in one piece a glass lamp and collar, substantially as set forth.

No. 38,088.-6. H. Bartol, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mjproeMf Sknltters for the Port-koUg
fff Iron-clad Vessels. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The object of this invention is to provide
a port shutter, which should be an effective bar against the enemy's shot into the port when
the gun is withdrawn, and expose but a small portion of the port when the a:un is run out.
This is accomplished by hanging the half-shutters, independently of each ouMr, to the sicte
of the vessel or batterv on shatU passing through the same.

Claim, — ^The two shutters £ and £', hung independently of each other to the side of the
vessel or battery, on shafts passing through the same, the said shutters being arranged in
respect to eachjotber and to the port, substantially as and for the purpose herem set forth.

No. 38,089.— B. H. Bartol, of Philadelphia. Pa.— /mprvwemeiil tii MtmnHng Ordnance,^
Patent dated April 7, 1863.— The object of this mvention is to attain such a ready and varia-
ble lateral adjustment of the gun as to admit of its use in connexion with a fixed battery,
and obtain the advantages and avoid the disadvantages of a rotating battery ; this is accom-
plished by mounting the ordinary gun carriage on a supplementary gun carriage, which
traverses segmental tracks on a turn-table.

Claim. — Mounting the carriage of the gun on a supplementary carriage G, arranged to
traverse segmental tracks on a turn-table D, substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

No. 38,090.— William Beach, of Philadelphia, TA.^fmpfvenunt in Dramng or Forg*
ing Metal Bars. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — ^This invention consists of a balanced revolv-
ing hammer, acting upon an ac^ustable anvil in a suitable supporting framed tor the purpose
of producing a combined rolling and pounding effect in drawmg and forging.

Claim.— The combination consisting of the oalanced revolving hammer A and the a<^usta-
ble anvU B, the same being constructed, arranged, and supported, so as to operate together,
aubstantially in the manner described and for the purpose specified.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 349

No. 38,091. — Julius A. Bid well, of Stnrges, St. Jos^h count j, Mich. — Im^avement in
Base* far Artificial Teeth, — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The invention consists in the em-
ployment of a flexible- air-chamber upon, and made a part of, the base of the sot of artificial
teeth to attach it to the palate.

Claim. — The employment, upon the bases of artificial teeth, being a part of the base itselt
of a flexible air-chamber or intervening medium, for the purposes and uses expressed, ana
in the manner substantially as set forth.

No. 38,092.— A. E. Boynton, of Hartford, Washington county. Wis., and Q. R. BoYW-
TON, of Chicago, Cook county, 111. — Improved Stump Pulling Machine. — Patent dated April
7, 1863. — ^This improvement consists of a powerful lever, which is adapted fo be attached to
stumps by chain or otherwise, and then being depressed by ropes to raise them. The vari-
ous arrangements claimed are for adapting the lever to varying requirements of power by
setting its fulcrum uearer or further from the end ; the arrangement of the ropes for operating
the l^ver and the means used in loading for transportation.

Claim. — First, the fulcrum g, or its equivalent, when used substantially as and for the-
purpose above described.

Second, the mode of operating the lever E by means of the ropes t and r, when used sub-
stantially as described.

Third, the combination of the several parts, when used as and for the purposes hereinbefore
described.

Fourth, the manner of loading said machine for transportation, when done in the manner
sobstantially as herein described.

No. 38,093.— Robert D. Brown, of Covington, Fountain county, Jnd.'-Improvement
in Automatic Orain-bmders. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — ^This machine has devices for ap-
plying the band around the gavel ; for insuring the correct position of the twisting mechan-
ism, to receive the end of the band ; for holding and twisting the ends of the band ; for imparting
motion to the twisting mechanism, so as to secure its hold upon the band; for tucking the knot;
for casting the tinisheid sheaves.into a common receptacle ; for depositing the finished sheaves
into heaps upon the ground ; and for counting the sheaves and depositing them in heaps of
any required number. But the ' various devices involved in these compUcated movementa
do not a^mit of a brief description.

Claim, — First, in combination of a cradle B, of any suitable construction, the arms C C
attached to shafts c c, geared together by the wheels e , and rotated at proper intervals by a
cogged segment c5, to elevate the arms C C\ and carry the band around the compressed
gavel.

Second, the combination of the cam- wheel e2 with the arms C C, for securing the band in
the jaws c4.

Third, in combination with the arms C C, constructed and operating substantially as herein
described, the employment or use of two pairs of griping or twisting jaws D D, attached by
separate pivots d dto ^ common journal D', and operating substantially as and for the pur-
pose set torth.

Fourth, driving the jaws D by the shaft E. working within the hollow poumal D', in the
manner explained, to compress the said jaws with force corresponding with that required to
rotate them.

Fiflh, the combination of the spring-stop k2, cam 02, and wheels I and &, when the said
parts are constructed, arranged, and operate in the manner and for the purposes herein spe-
cified.

Sixth, the tucking band/, advanced and rotated simultaneously in any manner, substan-
tially as described, for the purpose of tucking the twisted ends under the band.

Seventh, the claw/, employed to hold the band against the pressure of the tucker/, as ex-
plained.

Eighth, the combination and arrangement of the shafts FF', yokes /2, pinions /3/4, guides
S; and segment racks A, to impart the required motion to the tucker/ and claw/, substan-
tiallv as set forth.

Nmth, the arm G, provided with a cogged segpnent g', and employed to advance the shafts
F^' intermittently, in the manner and for the purposes explained.

TTenth, the segment cog wheel I i i', eonstructea as described, in combination with the
twisting jaws D, and tucker/, or their equivalents.

Eleventh, the arm L, or its described equivalent, for casting the finished sheaf, substan-
tially as explained, when used in the described combination with the pivoted table N or N2,
or other suitable receptacle for carrying the sheaves and depositing them in heaps.

Twelfth, the pivoted table N or N2, fixed in slanting position and adapted to tilt automati-
cally, in the manner described, for depositing the finisned sheaves in heaps upon the gpround.

Thirteenth, the curtain P or Pi, operated by the falling and rising of the table N or N2, in
manner substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Fourteenth, the mode of combining the won4 «2, and slotted disk O, or any substantially
equivalent devices for counting the number of sheaves to be deposited in each heap, with ao
oakomatic binding muchine, substantially as herein dascribed.



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850 ANNUAL KEPORT OP THE

No. 38,094.— Robert D. Broww, of Oovington, Fountain connty, Ind.— Improvement in
Se{f-rakers for Harvestert, — ^Patent dated April?, 1863.— The grain as it falls upon the plat-
form is allowed to collect, nntil it is thnut hj a conthiuallj revolvitig rake into a cradle,
which grasps and deposits it on the ^und under the platform. This rake is attached to a
number of endless bands suitably dnven and passing over and around the platform, and the
fingers are elevated and depressed by crank-arms, attached to the Joumallea rake-heads, pro-
jections on said crank-arms working in slots on the inside of the fhtming of the machine ;
thus the rake teeth are vertical while pushing the gavel to the cradle and lie back as they
pass in their return motion underneath the platform. The cradle consists of a couple of re-
volving shafU with fingers upon them which form a cradle, into which the gavel is pushed by the
rake, and being rotated towards each other it is grasped, carried down between them, an4
dropped under the platform.

Claim. — First, the continuously revolving rake B, carried forward over the platform and
back beneath the same by means of driving-chains, belts, or their equivalent, and elevated to
its working position during its forward motion, and retracted in passing beneath the platform
by means of^the crank-arm D, working in the eccentric or irregular slot d^ as herein described,
and for the purposes specified.

Second, tbe mtermittent cradle F /, operated as described, in combination with the con-
tinuously revolving rake B, for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,095.— Hugh M. Cochran, of McConnellsville, Momn county, Ohio. — Improve"
ment in the Mant^facture of Chewing 7V>6acco.— Patent dated April 7, 1863.— The objects of
the process are to impart flavor and a glossy appearance to the tobacco, and to prevent its
moiUding. These are accomplished by processes so fully explained in the claim as to re-
quire no further explanation.

Claim, — First, curing or sweating tobacco previous to its being put '* in case,** by expos-
ing the same to a free circulation of heated air, substantially as set forth.

Second, combining with the curing of tobacco, previous to being put **in case,** the pre-
paring of the moulds with a flavoring liquid, whereby the appearance and taste of the proanct
IS greatly improved, while its easy delivery firom the mould is thereby secured, substantially
as set forth.

Third, combining with the curing and sweating^ of tobacco, previous to being put * * in case, **
and the pressing the same into moulds coated with a flavoring liquid, the submitting of the
tobacco to a second press previous to its being packed ready for market, substantially as set
forth.

No. 36,096.— James R. Der, of Hudson City, N. J, ^Improvement in Friction Matches,—
Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The invention consists in pointing the ends of match-splints so
as to reduce the amount and bulk of the inflammable composition covering them. The point
of the splint is previously burred or upset, so as to form a better sur&ce for attachment of
the composition.

Claim. — The pointed friction match, substantially as described, the point being of a conical,
pyramidical, three-sided, or bayonet form, or other analogous Ibrm, as set forth.

Also, burring the point of the pointed match-splint, substantially as and for the purposaa
described.

No. 38,097. Samuel F. Dickinson, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in, Ruffles, -
Pat(*nt dated April 7, 1863. — ^The strip is ruffed and stitched, and then fastened to a band by
another series of stitches.

Claim. — As a new and useful article of manufacture, a machine-made ruffle in which a
strip of cloth is first ruflied and the gathers or plaiis secured by stitching, and the ruffled piece
then fastened to a band by one or more additional independent series of stitches.

No. 38,098. — George Douglass, Scronton, Luzerne county, Pa. — Improvement in
Railroad Frogs, — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The movable side rails are attached by a bolt
with springs an4 an intermediate collar. The point of the frog is supported by an under-
hanging lip on a flat chair, and the side rails are adjustable laterally Independently of the
point. • * •

Claim. — First, combining the movable side rails of a railroad frog with each other (inde-
pendently of its point) by means of a connecting bolt H and intermediate stay or coUar G,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose nerein set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the lateral springs O O, or their equivalents,
with the side rails B li' of a railroad firog, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
herein set forth.

Third, fastening and securing in its proper position the tapering end of the point K of a
railroad frog, by means of an underhanging hpped projection ( and receiving choir M, sub-
stantially as set forth.

Fourth, combining the vibrating rails B and B' with the point K of the improved railroad
frog, substantially in the manner and for thepuxpose herein set forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 361



No. 38,090.— Jambs K. Dvgoale, of Ricbmond, lDd,^Tmprav$d Method of Aehutting the
Seeding ApfartUms of Seed Planters. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — ^The sliding piece, wnich
is connected by a rod with the feeding apparatus, consists of an anchor-shaped joke which



slides on euides, and is moved bj the contact of pins on a revolTlng disk connected with the
driving wneel.

Claim, — ^The sHdiag device D, in combination with the firame C and wheel B, when used
in connexion with the feeding mechanism of a seed planter, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,100.— Captain R. N. Eagle, of Washington, D. C^Impr&ved Hopples for Horses
and other Aynmals. — Patent dated April 7, 1863.— -The improvement consists in the attach-
ment of horizontal bars to a<jyacent sides of the leg bands as worn, so as to admit of a limited
plaj of the connecting strap without rotating the leg bands.

C^m.-MI^onstructmg hopples for fettering animals with bars B B, adapted to permit a
limited motion of the attachea ends of the strap or cord D, independently of the leg ba^d, and
without turning or slipping the latter.

No. 38,101.— D. Earle, of Palravra, Portage county, Okio.^fmpreved Magnetic Razor-
9traps, — Patent dated April 7, 1663. — The opposite sides of the strap are occupied by an
clastic and a non-elastic none, respectively, witn a spiral coil between the two. Tae latter is
made of spring-tempered steel, with an amalgam of emery and oil and the flexible side of a
thin plate of steel with a surface of oil and peroxide of iron. The steel in each case is
rendered permanently magnetic, by which the blade is held more firmly to the face of the strap.

CUtim. — ^The herein-described permanently magnetic hone, when the tame is constructed
substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein specifiied.

No. 38,102.— Willard T. Eddy, of West Hoboken, Hudson county, N. 3, ^Improved
Lamp-heater, — ^Patent dated April 7, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a lamp chimney with
holes at the bottom to fit several burners, and with holes on the top of the bulb to set vessels
on, or a chimney to convev away the volatile products of combustion.

Claim. — First, a lamp chimney having two or mors openings in its bottom* to fit simulta-
neously to two or more oumers, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the arrangement of two or more holes e e' in the top of the bulo £ of a lamp
. chimney, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 38,103.— Edward P. Parnum, liamsville, Frederick county, 'HL^.^Improveme/ni in
Slate Roofing, —rFeLtent dated April 7, 1863.— Upon and in line with the rafters of the roof
are laid bearings with grooves on their upper siae. The slates rest with their edges on these
rafters, and are tied to the roof by staples, which project through the slate roofing and keys
which rest upon the slate ; the slates are supported in the middle by wedges upon the lath.

Claim, — First, the combination of the rafters A bearings D, and slates £, all ammged in
the manner substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

Seoond, the described combination of the longitudinally grooved bearings D dd with slates
laid and arranged as above set forth.

Third, The staple U and key I applied in the manner explained, in combination with slates
E and bearings v dd.

Fourth, the transverse bars J and wedges K, employed in comDination with the slates £
and staples A, in a manner and for the purposes explained.

No. 38,104.-^OHN Fonda, of Albany, N. Y, -^Improved Harness '8addle^ree,^FaJteiii
dated April 7, 186.3. — ^The check-hook is bolted underneath the front bow in a recess of the
metallic tree, and the cantle is socketed in a recess behind the head of the bolt which fastens
the check-hook to the tree.

Claim, — Forming an elevated recess a above the arch of the firont bow, and attaching the
cantle piece in a socket or cavity behind the bolt hole or the front bow above said elevated
recess, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,105.^HeMAH Gardiner, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Railroad Car
Springs, — Patent issued April 7, 1863. Antedated November 20, 1862. — ^The spiral springs
in the box are surrounded by a packing of fibrous material, and the plates above and below
them have projections which enter the cylindrical springs ; the spring-box is imposed upon
a semi-elliptical spring, whose ends rest upon the truck frame.

Claim, — First, the use of the semi-elbptic sprine supported on a bed-plate between the
flanges B, iu combination with the box D, arranged ana operating substantially as herein-
belbre set forth.

Second, the use of the plates E and H, having short studs or pins F I in their opposing
faces, as hereinbefore set forth, in combination with the spiral springs O and box D, arranged
and operating in combination with the semi-elliptic spring, substantially as hereinbefore set
forth.

Third, the use of wool, or other fibrous naterial of a similar nature, packed in a cylinder
or box, in combination with the spiral steel springs, for the purposes hereinbefore sot forth.

Fourth, the we of the semi-cyudrioal bearings K on the truck plate, in combhiation with



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352 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

the cap pUUe E wcnldag in the cjlindrical box D and resthig upon the spiral springs, for die
parposes hereinbefore set forth.

No. 38,106.— John S. Gilbert, of New York, N. Y.-^JmprotemetU in Subwiarine Harbor
Defences. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — A frame-work of wood, containing a tank capable
of containing air for buoyancy or ballast for sinking the same, is connected by chains with
similar structures across the entrance of a harbor, or in the channel to be obstructed.

Claim, — ^Tbe construction of two or more sections, in the manner herein described, in com-
bination witb tanks, for the purposes of either imparting buoyancy or ballasting the same
while being rained or sunken ; and also connecting the said sections together with a series of
chains, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,107.— Abraham W. Harris, of Providence, R. h^Improvement in Treadle Mo-
tion. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The object of this improvement is to move the crank of
the driving shaft of the sewing machine off the centres and prevent its being turned in the
wrong direction. This is accomplished by attaching a vibrating arm to the straight part of
the crank shaft, having a pawl within it that binds upon the shatlt. The arm is connected to
an independent treadle by a pitman which is located on the same axis rod as the crank
treadle. The auxiliaiy treadle is provided with a toe-stop to hold it in position.

Claim, — ^A pawl or pawls acting by means of an independent treadle, in combination with
the crank and crank treadle of sewing machine tables, as herein set forth.

No. 38,108.— R. Haynes, of Oberlin, Ohio.-^Improvement in Portable F-encM.— Patent
dated April 7, 1663. — Each panel has two rails, to which are nailed slats in lattice form or
otherwise. At one end these rails project beyond a post, to which they are attached, so as to
give support to the rails of the next panel, which are pivoted to them by a common pintle
passing through a vertical hole in each, and at the other end they have a post set betwe^
them to brace them and preserve their distance. Thus each panel is hinged to the post of its
neighbor, and the fence is set up with su€Bcient '* worm" to prevent upsetting.

Claim, — The herein-described construction of the panels of a portable fence, in combina-
tion with the uniting the same by means of the pins H H, passing through the holes in the
rails B B\ substantially as herein set forth.

No. 38,109.— Silas Hewitt, of Seneca Falls, N. Y.—hnprowment im Clod Crusher,^
Patent dated April 7, 1863. — This machine consists of a rotating toothed cylinder joumalled
in a frame, ana having clearers attached to the rear transverse bar, which project forward
between the teeth to remove the soil which may have been collected in the intervals between
them.

Claim, — ^The adjustable clearers £, arranged as shown, in combination with the toothed
cylinder D, for the purpose specified.

No. 38,110.— James C. C. Holenshadb. — Cincinnati. Ohio. — Improvement in Ordnance, —
Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The invention consists in constructing the tapering-breech
piece with helical bearing plates at each end to bear against corresponding helical faces
on the sides of the chamber or breech cylinder which contains the coned or faucet breech-
piece, so that in turning the breech-piece to receive the charge, the helical faces draw it lat-
erally to relieve it from adhesion, and in turning it to bring the charge opposite the bore of
the gun, the breech-piece is forced laterally, and tightened against the gun to prevent the es-
cape of gas.

Claim, — The two plates, one on each side of the breech cylinder which surrounds the
faucet breech containing the charge, provided with oblique faces or sections of metal in one
or more> pieces around uie breech, ana securely connected to it, and working a^nst counter
plates in the sides of the breech cylinder, so as to release and tighten-up the faucet breech,
and bring the chamber containing the charge opposite the bore of tne gun in firing, as
described.

No. 38,111.— Jacob Hove y, of Cleveland, Ohio.— /niffooemsiil in Spark Arresters, —
Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The smoke box is divided into two comnartments by means of
a horizontal partition of wire-gauze, placed immediately above the nues ; part of the said
diaphragm, consisting of a plate whicn detlects the sparks so that they &11 to the bottom of
the chamber.

^ Claim, — ^First, the screen or diaphragm H, in the smoke-box A, arranged as and for th«
purpose specified.

Second, the deflector H', when arranged as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,112.— Henry Knight, of Brooklyn, N. Y,-— Improvement in Combination, Cement,
and Metallic Pipes. — Patent dated April 7, 1863.— -The sections of wrought-iron tube are
frustums of conea so as to enter and embrace the tubes at their respective ends. They are
cased and lined with cement and have iron*champing rings, through which holes may be
made for branch pipes.

Chilli. — ^The application and use of wrooght-iron frames or tubes of the form of a trim*



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C01CHIS8I0NEB OF TATEnB. 353

eated cone at one end or along their whole leafth, to pipes lined or coated with hjdnuilic*
cement mortar, or both lined and coated, for the convenient joining of the same in their
several lengths, and at the same time detaining the cylindrical form and finish.

Also, the application and use of metallic tapping rings, bosses, or thimbles, to pipes of
wrought iron, lined or coated with cement mortar, or Mth lined and coated, substantially
in the manner and for the purpose described.

No. 38,113.— George LnrLETOM, of Cleveland, Ohio.^Improvement in Printer's Ink
Rollers. — Patent dated April 7, 1863. — The roller is made in two parts, one end being a collar
on the other. Each end has an annular flange, and between them are bearing to support
the covering which is stretched from one flange to the other. There are also wires under the
covering to preserve the rotundity of the roller ; the tension of the covering is adjustable by a.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 52 of 164)