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which is bent over, pasted, and flattened by the devices on the upper edge of the btock ; it '
is then cut by the serrated revolving roller, with the lower half longer than the other, and '
turned by the plate with the centre to the edges, so as to bring the lon^r portion flat under-
neath the plate, from whence it passes to the draught roller, the pastmg plate, and foldt^,
which close the strip over, finishmg the bottom ot the bag. ^

Claim, — First, the guide blocks F O, constnicted and arranged in respect to each other
substantially as and £r the purpose set forth.

Second, in combination with the said guide blocks the adjustable gauge wheel E, or its ;
equivalent, as set forth, for the purpose specified.

Third, the arrangement of the lap-folders H I, in respect to each other and in combmatioo
with the said guide blocks, substantially as and fbr the purpose specified.

Fourth, the changing plate C with its securing rod J^ or their equivalent, arranged and
operating as set forth and for the purpose specified.

Fifth, the peculiar combination of the said changing plate and securing rod with the said
severing knife and feeding rollers, substantially as set forth.

Sixth, the combination of the pasting plate O, or its equivalent, with the paste slot Z,
substantially as set forth for the purpose specified.

Seventh, the combination of the said adjustable gauge wheel with the elliptical roller S, as
set forth, for the purpose specified.

No. 38,254.— Chas. O. West, Eliel West, and John Carey, of Martinsville, Clinton
county, Ohio. — Improved Sugar Evaporator, — Patent dated April 21, 1863. — ^The rear pan
is divided by a partition and sets on transverse bars across the furnace opening. These bars
have inclined planes near their ends and a depression at each mid length, so that either half
of the pan can be slipped over the furnace and set upon the furnace wall. The flame, as it
passes from under the front pans, is deflected by a plate depending from the crown of the fire
chamber, so that it shall not impinge directly upon the bottom of the rear pan.

Claim, — ^IHrst, the two iron bars J J, provided with depressions j, and inclined planes at
their mid leng^ths and ends respectively, for the purpose of allowing one or other of the pans
F F', to rest hrmly down upon the walls of the furnace when in use for boiling, and thas ta
receive the full intensity ot the heat, or to be elevated from the walls of the furnace and away
from the fire when in danger of scorching by simply shifting the pans on the track in the
manner specified.

Second, the arrangement of the deflecting plate or fender P depending from the furnace
crown immediately in front of the ^* teache"' opening B, for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,255.— J. E. WOOTTEN, of Philadelphia, Pa,— Improvement in Railroad Csr
Springs, — Patent dated April 21, 1863. — The spiral springs work between plates into which
they are inserted by means of spiral grooves in the latter which match the coil.

Claim. — The spirally-grooved orifices in the plates A «, for securely holding the ends of
the springs when used in combination with the spiral springs of a railroad car sprin«^.

Also, the spring, constructed as herein described, in which the ends of the individual re-
*8ilient parts thereof are permanently secured to the plates A a and serve the purpose of
firmly holding the entire spring in one compact whole, which is equally capable of resilience
under tensile, compressive, or lateral strains, without the intervention of lugs, bolts, riveu,
or stays, in the manner and for the purpose herein set tbrth.

No. 33,256.— Charles J. Woolson, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improvement in Ash Boies for
Stoves.— Patent dated Anril 21, 1863.— The invention consists of a detached ash-box to be ,
fastened below the fire-door to the oven door or side plate of the stove to catch the ashes
as they, are scraped or fall out of the fijre chamber.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENxk 377

Claim. — Attaching a portable ash-box, when constnicted as describedi to the oren or side
plate of a cooking stove, below the fire-door, in the manner and for the pufposes substantially
as set forth.

No. 38,257. - Benjamin Q. Budding, of Milford, Mass., aSsignor to Benjamin D, God-
frey, of same place. — Improved Rolling and Polishing Machine, — Patent dated April 21,
1863. — The object of this machine is to dress, roll, and solidify the soles of boots or shoes,
and this is accomplished by setting the last on which the boot is fixed on the upper end of
an arm, which is capable of being inclined and controlled by springs and levers, so as to
present the sole at any required incunation ; a rest supports the toe and a roller is caused to
traverse with a redprocatmg motion over the sole, moving on a slide and actuated by a pit-
man and crank from a wheel on a vertical axis ; the reqmred pressure is given by a treadle '
attached by a rod to the end of the slide ways on which the roller carriage traverses, and
which is capable of angular movements to suit the requirements of the work.

Claim, — Combining with a holding mechanism a nMchanism which, while carrying a roll
or rubber back and forth, at the same time permits vertical and angular movements to the
roll or rubber, for the purpose of adaptation to curved or irregular sunaces or outlines.

Also, controlling the clamping or holding of the matter to oe operated on through the me-
dium of the treadle j, and its spring o, the ratchet /^ pawl m, and its spring «, and stop
9, or their equivalents.

Also, combining with the ways a a', over which the rubber or roll is reciprocated, the
transverse or rockmg levers b*, and lever/, operating together for the purpose as above set
forth ^

No. 38,258.~Oeoroe Clark, of Sandusky, Ohio, assignor to Self and Robert Dunbar,
of Buffalo, N. Y,^ Improvement in Grain CUaners, — ^Patent dated April 21, 1863. — ^Thegi;ain
is admitted into a central chamber, from whence it is distributed by the conical valve C^
and the cone C, into an annular chamber, where the blast of air carries light grain, and offal,
upwards and into the chamber under the dome; here the heavier particles fall and are dis-
charged at the spout Q, while the lighter ones eo to the suction blower, and are driven through
it out of the machine. At the base of the drum is a cylindrical casing, which projecting
downwards, deflects a larger or smaller proportion of offiil to the lower discharge.

Claim. — First, (he cylinders or shells A A', arranged with a suction air space B between
them, in combination with the adjustable valve T,for the purposes and substantially as
described.

Second, the cone distributor C, and automatic cone apex c\ in combination with the cylin-
ders or shells A A', and central grain supply tube F, for the purposes and substantially as '
set forth.

• No. 38,259.— De Grasse Fowler, jr., assignor to Self and Merwin Fowler, of Northford,
New Haven county. Conn. — Improvement in Paper Cards for Hooks and Eyes, — Patent dated
April 21, 1863. — Strips are pimcned up from the card which form tongues for the attachment
of the hooks and eyes.

Claim. — ^The attachment of hooks and eyes, by the means of tongues or strips partially
separated and projecting from the card, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

No. 38,260.— A. W. Hall, of St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Self and B. W. Robinson, of
South Reading, Mass. — Improvement in Steam Ploughs. — Patent dated April 21, 1863. — This
locomotive steam engine has a gang of ploughs attached to it, and draws itself and them by
means of a rope which is stretched across the field and which passes between traction pulleys
on the engine.

Claim. — ^The employment of a steam engine or its equivalent motive power, in combination
with a series of two or more traction pulleys //, to be used in connexion with a rope extended
across and properly secured at each end of the field ; all being constructed and arranged to
operate in such manner that the said motive power may be made to draw itself and the gang
of ploughs attached across the field, substantially as herein described smd represented.

No. 38,261.— Charles W. S. Heaton, of Belleville, St Clair county, HI., assignor to
Jabez J. PiGGOTT and Henry Reutchler, of same place. — Improvement in Cultivators,—
Patent dated April 21, 1863. — This invention consists of a two-wheeled cultivator with the
plough-beams hinged at their forward ends, and the frame so arranged as to straddle the row
of hfiklf-grown com without breaking it ; the various adjustments of the parts and the details
of construction are defined in the claims.

Claim, — First, the truss-frame A, constructed in the manner described, in combination with
short axles and vertical outside hangers i t, as and for the purpose set forlh.

Second, the guard-brace £, arranged and operating substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the long tongues or poles K' K^ neck yoke M, reach L, and brace
N, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the adjustable seat 0, reach L, long tongues K' K', neck yoke
M, and brace N, substantially in the manner described.

Fifth, a shovel beam formed of two parts B B^ which make an angle, in combination with
ft slotted standard t , which is ac[justabie, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.



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378 ANNUAL REPOBT OP THE

Sixth, the combination of the jnry-brace t, which is adjustable, with the double beam B B\
and slotted standiod t , substantially as and for the purpose set forth. '

Seventh, the arran^ment of the foot leyers n, cunrecr bars p p^ notched cross-piece q, roller
m, and cords or chains 0, snb^ntiallj as and for the purpose set forth.

Eighth, the arrangement of the slotted adjusting pieces c, pendent share-beams, and draught
device I, with single swingletrees and frame A, and outside hangers i i, in the manner and
for the puipose described.

Ninth, the combination of the slotted pieces C, brace rod £, frame A, and pendent share-
beams, substentiaily as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,262.— John Jennings, of Birmingham, England, assignor to S. & J. Myers, of
Boston, Mass. — Improvement in 5;?crfac/«.— Patent dated April 21, lb63. — ^The central bridge
piece of these self-supporting spectacles is elongated and made of ^ harp-shape, to embrace
the nose more perfectly than two mere salient edg^s.

Claim. — The spring harp-shaped bow 6, when united to the lense frames a a, as shown, to
make them self-supporting, and when so united as to admit of being spread without much
deviation from the centre of vision, as herein represented.

No. 38,263.— Anson Judson, assizor to Self, Lemuel Beers, and Frederic W. Beers,
of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement tn Coal-Oil Lamvs, — Patent dated April 21, 1863. — The
burner of this lamp has panes of translucent material in a metallic frame, or a cone of said
material on a metmlic foot.

Claim, — The construction of the cone of a flat-wick kerosene, petroleum, or coal-oil lamp
partly of transparent or translucent material and partly of metal ; the two being combined
together as hereinbefore set forth or in manner substantially equivalent.

No. 38,264.— William A. Purvis, of Madrid, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., assignor to
David W. Baldwin, of Watertown, N. Y.— Improvements in Drag Saw, — Patent dated
April 21, 1863. — The log-supporting frame is set transversely with the saw fmme, and tlie
former moved when desired by throwing the driving mechanism in gear with a drum which
draws upon the rope by whicn the log-carrier is advanced. The log is fastened to the car-
riage by a sliding^ adjustable yoke mounted upon the log-frame, and the saw is guided by a
swinging guide frame with side braces to prevent lateral deflection.

Claim. — First, the combination of a saw frame with a transverse log-supporting frame and
a mechanism for drawing up the log, so constructed and arranged in relation to the saw-
driving mechanism that the latter may be caused to operate the former at pleasure, substan-
tially as set forth.

Second, the combination of the log-supporting frame with a sliding and adjustable yoke
constructed as herein described to firmly grasp logs of any dimensions and immovably to
hold the same to the action of the saw strbstautially as set forth.

Third, the combination of the saw-driving mechanism with the yoke mounted upon the
transverse log-frame and an adjustable friction or other ^ear so constructed aud arranged
and operating that the said yoke may be slid along the said frame and the log drawn up to
the action of the saw the requisite distances at the will of the operator, substantially as set
forth.

Fourth, connecting the one end of the shaft of the adjustable friction or other gear with a
spring lever pivoted to the frame, while its other end is placed in fixed bearings in the frame,
substantially as set forth.

Fifth, the combination with the saw-driving mechanism of a swinging guide frame and
the saw guide block, so that the saw, in its reciprocating^ pl^Jt may be properly guided, at
the same time allowing it to descend during the progress of the work, substantially as set forth.

Sixth, the employment in combination with a reciprocating saw-blade of converging side
braces, whereby the flexible saw is, during part of its operation, literally stifleued, substan-
tially as set forth.

No. 38.265^—0. C. Smith, of Salem, Mass., assignor to A. N. Clark, of Boston, Mass.—
Improvement in Looms, — Patent dated April 21, 18^. — ^This loom is adapted to the weaving
of elastic fabrics, and the points of improvement consist in a swinging frame to take up the
slack of the warp which has passed between the elastic and non-elastic rollers which regulate
the tension ; ana also in a method of driving the shuttles by reciprocating racks and pinions,
which engage with teeth on the sides of the shuttles.

Claim, — First, the swinging frame j arranged and operating substantially as herein-above
described, and for the purpose of taking up the slack in the warp threads.

Second, the elastic and non-elastic nipping and feeding rollers operating together and upon
the elastic threads passing between them, substantially as herein-above descnbed.

Third, the peculiar arrangement of devices herein described for operating the shuttles of
the loom, the same consisting of the rack bars u u\ pinions t f, &c., and vertical lever V,
connected with and receiving motion from the driving shaft of the loom, substantially as set
forth.

No. :W,2fU5.— John Taogart, of Boxbury, Mass., assignor to Self and Liveras Hull,
of Charlestown, IhA^.—Improvement in Mounting and Operating Oi^nancs.-— Patent dated



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COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS, 379

April 21, 1863. — ^The choflsls on wluch the cannon are mounted has a rotary movement on an
axis parallel with the motion of the gun as it is run ^* in battery,'* so that while one is in
its usual position on the top, the other preserres its .attachment to the carriage and chassis,
but is suspended below.

^ Claim, — Either one or two cannons and a rotary chassis or slide frame, arranged and com-
bined in manner and so as to operate together substantially as specified.

Also, a pivot carriage or traversing platform, one or two cannons, and a rotary chassis or
firame, combined and arranged in manner so as to operate substantially as above specified.

No. aS,267. - RaDOLP Wager, of Lancaster, Pa., assignor to Self and Gustavus
Groeztnger, of same place. — Improved Liquid Composition for Bating Skins or Hides. —
Patent dated April S21, 1883. — After the hides have been limed, they are soaked in a liquor
prepared as follows : For a batch of fifty hides, take eight pounds muriatic acid, eight
pounds acjuafortis, three pounds common salt; and add water till Baume's hydrometer will
indicate 3b^. Fifteen to twenty minutes in this solution will remove the lime. For smaller
skins the strength is reduced W^ and 20^.

Claim, — The materials added to water, in the formation of the bate, in the manner sub-
stantially as set forth, in the process of treating skins or hides for the purpose specified.

No. 38,268.— Samuel S. Willums, of Pittsburg, VtL,— Improvement in Water Elevators.—
Patent dated April 21, 1863. — ^The improvements are in the bucket and the mode of tripping;
the former has a partial covering, on which are hooks, one of which, as the bucket rises, en-
gages with a tripping bar, which is pivoted to the sides of the cuib, so as to tilt the bucket,
and at the same time draw it out of the perpendicular to discharge the water into the spouts.

Claim. — The partial covering to the top of a tilting well-bucket, with an opening on each
side of the bale, substantially as described.

Also, the yielding trip for tilting the buckets, constructed and arranged substantially as
described — that is to say, having its centre of motion below the poiot at which it first comes
in contact with the top of the buckets, and hence descending in the line of an arc of a circle
as it is carried over the trough.

Also, in combination with the yielding trip, the hooks or other equivalent device to en^a^e
"the trip, when placed back of the mouth or opening in the buckets for the discharge ot the
water, so that the water, as it is discharged from the bucket, shall not run over the hook and
trip, substantially as described.

No. 38,269.— ]6noch Osgood, of Boston, Mass.— /»ij?roi?em««« in Self-balancing and Self-
closing Faucets. — Patent dated April 21, 1863. — ^In the vertical chamber of the faucet is a
valve closing^ by an upward motion, and whose stem, passing upward, is connected to a
diaphragm ot such a size as that the pressure of water between them will keep the valve
closed, except when forcibly opened by pressure upon the ,stem of the valve, which may be
regulated to suit the purposes of a water-closet, or otherwise.

Claim, — First, a valve and a diaphragm connected together and arranged as herein described
to hold and resist any pressure of fluids that may come between them to pass out through the
valve for use, the diaphragm to be any degree larger than the valve requisite to give it any
closing power wanted, the valve closing against the current of water, when relieved of the
action of the lever K, or its equivalent.

Second, in combination with the fore^ing, an adiustable graduating pressure, attached to
resist the closing of the valve as desired for water-closets, and other purposes, substantially
as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 38,270.— J. A. Thompson, of Geneva, N. Y. — Improvement in Filters,— Fateixt issued
April 21, 1863.— Antedated November 29, 1851.— The filter is divided into strainfers and sep-
arators, disinfecting, decolorizing, and deodorizing sections, arranged so that the water
passes through them serially, the coarser sediment oeing arrested by cloths which may be
readily renewed. The ice is placed in a chamber of non-conducting material.

Claim, — A filter and cooler for water and other liquids, constructed and arranged and
operated substantially as described.

No. 38,271.— S. ACKLEY, of Hudson, Mich.— Foot- fTarmcr.— Patent dated April 28,
1863. — ^A foot-table is made of two sheets of metal attached to each other at or near the ends,
and kept open in an elliptical form by studs /, or other suitable contrivances. The lower
sheet ia shorter, or narrower, than the upper one, and constitutes a deflector for the flame and
heat of the lamp. The top or upper sneet is of the full width of the frame, in which the
contrivance is enclosed so as to retain the heat within the firame and between the two sheeta
of metal, of which the foot-table is composed, and also to allow the heat to pass between the
upper and lower sheets. The table is made to rest on stajrs of bearings attached to the frame.
The lamp is held in position by slides at the bottom of the frame so as to allow of its re-
moval for trimming,' and is furnished with a curved reflector m of sheet metal attached to the
wick tube.

Claim. — A fdot-table d d of tL foot*warmer or stove, constructed substantially in manner
as and for the purpose described.



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380 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 38,272,— *T. Holmes Aonew, of Dobb*8 Ferry, N. Y.^Tmprovement in Boots,^
Patent dated April 28, 1863. — ^The inventor makes an incision in the instep of a boot two or
three inches Ion$^, according to the size of the boots. Below the incision he places a tongue
or strip of leather' fastened at both ends, so as to allow the foot to pass it. The two sides of
the incision are provided with eyelets so that it can be laced. When, after long walking, or
continued riding, the ieet are swollen, the lacing can be loosened, and after the swelling of
the feet subsides it can be tightened again.

Claim. — As an improved article of manufacture a boot having an opening or incision B in
its instep provided with a lacing D, or other suitable fastening, and covered by a ton£]:ue C,
attached at both ends to the inner side of the boot below the opening or incision; ail sub-
stantially as set forth.

No. 38,273. — ^Norman Allen, of "West Meriden, Conn. — Improvement in Vices, — Patent
dated April 28, 1863. — ^The vice is mounted upon a ball fitting within a socket in a pair of
jaws, wuich are pivoted at one end to the bed-plate, and at the other or free end are enclosed
with a clasp provided with a set screw and a cam lever, by means of which the ball may be
grasped to secure the vice in any position or released to permit its adjustment.

Claim. — The combination of the vice and universal joint, when the latter is provided with
adjustable jaws or a clamp having a clasp and lever, or an equivalent fastemng applied to
it, and all arranged to operate as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,274. — Joseph Anthony, of Greenbnsh, Rensselaer county, N. Y. — Improvement
in Railroads. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — ^This invention consists in appliances for secur-
ing the rails firmlv in their place laterally and vertically, and preventing them being dis-
placed by the jarring incident to their use.

Claim. — ^The following devices as described and^ for the purposes set forth in the above
specification: First, the anchor-sleeper; second, the elastic cusnion having double flanges;
third, the combination of the anchor-sleeper, elastic cushion, the wedge or block, the rail,
the sleeper, and the gago bar.

No. 38,275.— Thomas D. Aylsworth, of Pine Bend, Dacotah county, Wmu.— Improve-
ment in Grain Drills, — ^Patent dated April 28, 1863. — ^Thia instrument consists of a roller in
a frame which is preceded by a set of drag-shares and a seeding box with spouts. The shares
are of a V-shape and attached by springs to a rock-shaft, by whose rotation under the actuation
of a lever the shares are caused to penetrate more or less deeply into the ground. This rota-
tion brings a pressure upon the card by which the seed roller derives its motion from the shaft. •

Claim. — ^First, the V-shaped drill teeth H attached to the rock-shaft G by means of the
springs 1 1, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the combination of the teeth U, rock-shaft G, and lever E, provided with the
pulley t, as and for the purposes above described.

Xhird, the combination of the teeth H, tubes J, and seed-rollers D, provided with adjust-
able cells as above set forth.

Fourth, mounting a seeding machine, provided with the teeth H, rock-shaft G, and lever
K, upon rollers A A, in the manner and for the purposes above set forth.

No. 38,276.— Cyrus W. Baldwin, of Boston, MasB.^Imjnvvementin Sewing Machims. —
Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The features embraced in this improvement are several, and
may be especially examined b^ reference to the claim and j^rawings. They apply to a re-
volving reversible hook in a circular head to take and release the loop, a spool-holder with
spreaders, with other appliances.

Claim. — First, the revolving and reversible hook K, in combination with the circular head
H and its accompanying devices for enabling the hook to take and release the loop, constru^ed
and operated substantimly as herein descried and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the bobbin or spool-holder Q, with the spreaders g g^ constructed and operated
substantially as herein described and for the purposes set forth.

Third, the revolving hook K, constructed and operated as described in my first claim, in



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 58 of 164)