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invention consistD of a revolving dram urmed with teeth, and scraping surfaces between,
which revolves at a high velocity within a case, and strips the fleshj portions from the fibres
of the leaves which are presented by the toothed feed-roilers to the action of the dram.

Claim, — The improved machine herein described, for the preparation of the fibre of Agave
Americana and the like tropical plants, the same consisting of a drum with widelv separated
combs formed with teeth b o and scraping surfaces b\ substantially as represented, operating
at a hieh velocity within and under a closely fitted stationary case, and combined with feed
rolls adapted to allow the presentation and removal of the leaves substantially in the manner
and with the advantage herein set forth.

No. 38,331.— James M. Peirce, of Mokena, Will county; nh-^lmprovement in Gates.-^
Patent dated April 28, 1863.— The ^te is suspended by rollers from a pivoted rail which is
raised or lowered by cords. On raismg tlie end of the rail the rollers travel down the inclined
plane and open the gate, and on restoring the rail to its fonder position it is inclined in the
other direction, and the gate travels on its hanger rollers and closes the gateway.

Claim. — ^The combination of the rising and falling gate carrier or rail C with the shouU
ders /, gate B, and cords A, in the manner herein shown and described, so that by pulling
one of said cords ttie gate will be opened and fastened open, and by pulling the opposite,
cord the gate will be removed from tne shoulder / and cauled to close by its own gravity,
all as set forth. •

No. 38,332.— Timothy E. Porter, of Syracuse, N. Y., and George "H. Cook, of
New Branswick, N. J. —Improvement in Fine Walls for Salt Blockt.—F&teni dated April 28,
1863.— ^The fire walls on each side of the furnace are built hollow so as to prevent the con-
duction of heat to the surrounding earth, and the fire may be supplied with air through the
chambers thus formed.

Claim,— The application of hollow walls to the construction of flue walls in salt blocks,
substantially as set forth in Uie foregoing description and drawings.

No. 38,333.— William C. Ray, of Redington, Hunterdon county, N. J.— Improvement in
Presees. — ^Patent dated April 28, 1863. — In this machine the screw of the press passes through
a nut whi(;h is pivoted in a lever which has a vertical and longitudinal motion on its fulcrum,
the longer ena of said lever being depressed by a weighted yoke lever, the whole being so
arranged as to give play to the nut, which is free to oscillate and adjust itself under the
pressure of the levers.

Claim, — ^The combination of the screw J, pivoted nut I, yoke lever F, and links O, with
the weighted levers D, the whole being arranged and operating as described, for the puipoees ^
set forth.

No. 38,334.— John A. Reed, of Jersey City, N. J,— Improvement in Direct Action Steam
Pumps.— Patent issued April 28, 1863.— Antedated January 23, 1863.— The steam and the
pump cylinder are placed in line with a piston in each on a common piston rod. Each
cylinder is surmounted with a cock valve connected by means of a tappet rod, and actuated .
bv a tappet arm on. the piston rod, so as at the same moment to change the movements of tbo
pistons.

Claim, — ^Tfae combination of the two cock valves B D on the steam and water cylinder,
the levers d d\ weights £ E, tappet rod /, and tap^ arm A, on the piston rod, the whole
combined and operating substantially as herein specihed.

No. 38,335.— Isaac Rern, of Philadelphia, V^—Mode of Preventing the Counter/kiting of
Bank Notes, ^c— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— This invention is directed a^^inst the coun-
terfeiting by engraving, while at the same time securing against counterfeiting by photo-
graphy, and it is accomplished by producing bank notes of which a portion is engraved aad
tiie balance of the work executed by photo-lithography or photo-zincogn^hy, so as to
defr imitation by the graver.

claim. — ^The combination of the work of engraved plates with photo-lithographv or other
modes of photography upon metal or other substances from which impressions may be printed
in ink for the production of bank notes or paper values, as set forth in the above specification
and accompanying exhibits.

No. 38,336.— James Reid, of New York, N. T. — Improvement in Revolving Fire-arms. —
Patent dated April 28, 1863. — ^The rear ends of the chambers are arranged so as to be fired
with fixed ammunition or to be fitted with a nipple plug for loose ammunition. A vibrating
segment plate in connexion with the recoil plate covers the rear end of the cartridges.

CUim, — ^First, the nipple breeches screwed into the rear ends of the chambers in the re-
Tolving cylinder, in combination with the recoil plate at the rear of the cylinder, fitting in
such a manner as to allow of the removal of said screw nipple breeches and the introduction
of fixed ammunition, as set fi>rth.

Second, the segmental plate t, fitted, as specified, on the side of the recoil plate A, to coTer
the rear ends of tne cartndges in the chambers 2 2, as set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 891

No. 58,337.— Robert Rice, of Georgetown, Vermillion connty, Tli.^TmprovemtfU iu
CHtcivo^ors.— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— The side bare are adjastable, as to distance from
ibe middle bar, by means of the transverse bars sliding in moitises, and the detaching and
secnrine of the curved side braces of the standards. The bmces which connect the side and
eentral bars forward are elastic, and admit of a certahi amount of a^ustment. The bandies
are partiallysnpported on an elastic bar so as to reduce the iar in the hands of the operator.

C2aim.— Firet, the connecting of the front ends of the oars a a of the implement to the
draught pole*fi, bv means of the elastic plates b 6, in combination with the cross-bars e e
fitted to the draught pole B and passing loosely through the bars a a, and with the braces
e e attached to the plough standards O C and the cross-bars e c, as herein set forth.

Second, the haodles E E, attached at their front ends to the drau|[ht pole B, by means of
screws or bolts g, in combination with the spring or elastic bar t, and the upright D, on
which the rod h bears, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,338.— Thomas D. Roberts, of Utica, N. Y.—Improtenunt in Hcni/sat/;.— Patent
dated April 28, 1863. — ^The frame is made of a single piece of wood bent to the right shape,
and the straining piece has a double nut iu which its ends are socketed so as to be lengthened
or shortened by the rotation of the nut

Claim, — First, a saw frame B, constructed of a single piece of wood bent in the form sub-
stantially as and herein shown and described.

Second, the nut D, and screws d d, applied to the bars G G, and the latter arranged with
the saw frame, either constructed as shown or in any proper manner, for the purpose of
straining the saw-set, as set forth, and this saw-straining device whether <^e screw d is used
or both of them, as herein set forth.

Third, the combination of the saw frame B, constfncted of a single piece of wood, as shown,
with the nut D, bars G G, and screw or screws d d, as^heiein specified.

No. 38,339.— Samuel Roebuck, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-^fmproved "Mosquito Canopy.—
Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The improvement consists in the construction of the het^ to
which the arms are fitted, the same bemg placed within loop projections on the flange of the
socket and capable of being vibrated on their connecting wire and collapsed when not in use.

CZotm.— The head A, formed of a socket a and flange (, the latter being provided with
loop-projections d and shouldere e, the loop-projections Ming provided with- indentations /,
whicn, in connexion with the shoulders e, hold the wire D in proper position for the purpose
specified.

No. 38,340.— Gelston Sanford and James E. Mallort, of New York, N. Y.— /«-

C€meni in Machinery for Breaking Hemp and F/az.— Patent dated April 28, 1863. —The
p or flax is fed from a feeding table between two pairs of fluted roUere, which receive a
reciprocating rotary motion from a crank vibrating an arm, in combination with a rotary
motion not reciprocating, imparted bv means of a pinion on the crank pin, so that the said
additional rotai^ motion shall cause the rollera to have a greater range in the direction which
the fibre is taking from the feed table to the point of exit from the machine.

Claim, — In mechanism for operating rollera for breaking or cleaning flax, hemp, or other
like fibrous substances, impartmg to such rollers a reciprocating rotaiy motion by means iyf
a crank connected with an arm vibrated thereby, substantially as described, in combination
with an additional rotaiy motion operating in one direction only and imparted by a pinion,
or the equivalent thereof, on the crank pin, and communicated by cog-gearing to the rollers,
the axis of the intermediate gearing bemg connected with the vibrating arm, which trans-
mits the reciprocating motion to the rollers, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,341.— S. M. Sherman, of Fort Dodge, low^— Improved Device for the Construction
ofBfMms.— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— The broom-corn or other material is placed within

Eivoted jaws, where it is enclosed around the broomstick and there subjectea to pressure
y a plunger and screw which reduce it to the shape and density required lor the head of the
broom.

Claim. — ^The two bars A A in combination with the jointed bar F and the plunger, the
latter being formed of the jaws E E, side pieces //, and cross-bar e, and operated by the
screw G, or its equivalent, all arranged for joint operation as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,342.— John Sutton and Jambs Gregory, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Desk
Lights for Tesse/s.— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— This deck-light contains a **buU'8-cye "
in a metallic hinged frame and opens downwards, being pivoted to a lug on the under side of
the deck. The window-frame is attached to the deck-plate by sorews and the raised flange
pressed firmly ajgainst the pacl^ing to exclude wet, the enlarged orifice of the hinge playing
loosely on the pivotal pin to admit of ^e window-frame flange finding its level on t^ packing.

Claim, — First, the combination of the slot A, in the hinge E, of the firame containing the
^lass with the fixed pin or bolt a and the bearer / of the base-plate ^, or equivalents, as and
for the purpose herein fully shown.

Second, the combination of the sliding screw-bolt G, having an oblong channel B, with
the lugs D of tDd door-frame, and base-plate ^, as and for the pniposes herein fully shown.

Third, the combination of the frame containing the glass F with the web G, as and for the
{mrpose folly shown.



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392 ANNUAL &HPOBT OF THE

No. 38,343.~Georoe W. Towak, of Detroit, Mich.^Improved Lumher 12^.— Patent

dated April 28, 1863. — The cribs, two or more of which form a rafl, are made with a bottom
of longitudinal timbers and vertical side pickets driven into holes along the sides and end,
and these stayed by traverse timbers and side fenders. The cribs axe attached bj ropei
which pass around windlasses on each crib.

Claim. — First, the formation of the bow crib A, as shown and describe^.

Second, the arran^ment of the windlasses D D at the ends of each crib for the purpose
of producing an adjustable coupling, as specified.

Third, the pickets B, in the sides and end of cribs, in combination with fenders or walee
G, enclosing and protecting the pickets, as and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the traverse timbers b 6, securing the bottoms and tops of cribs, as described.

No. 38,344.— L. M. Van Sickle, of Woodbridge, N. J.— Improved Com$truetiou of Gun
Boats, — ]?atent dated April 28, 1863.— The screw propellers are located between the hull and
a downwardly projecting plated gunwale. They are formed of plates riveted to each other
and to a spiral flange which winds around the central shaft.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of the extra plates H on the outer ed^ of the gunwales
D in combination with the side propellers G G, constructed and operatmg as and for the
purpose specified.

Second, the arrangement of spiral flanges 6, projecting from the propeller shafts c, in com-
bination with a series of single blades a fastened to each other and to the flanges b by means
of rivets or bolts, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,345.— L. F. Ward, of Marathon, Cortlandt county, N. Y,— Improvement in Ex-
tension Ladders. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The improvement consists in the method of
locking the extension section so as to retain it at its elevation, which is by inclined planes
attached to the upper section, which as they press against the spring catches in the lower
section, push them in, and are retained by them when passed. Also, in a carriage which
traverses the track formed by the side pieces of the ladder and is raised and lowered by a
winch and rope.

Claim. — The inclined planes P P in combination with the spring catches P for locking the
sections.

Also, the codstruction of the ladder in the manner and for the purpose substantially as
described.

No. 38,346.— Richard Washburn, of Ramapo, Richland county, N. Y.— Improvement in
Straw Carter*.— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— The motion of the lever ^has the effect of
bringing down the knife upon the straw, and also, by means of a secondary lever, of lifting
the bottom of the trough so as to meet the advancing knife, their motions being thus recip-
rocal towards and from each other.

Claim. — First, the combination of the reciprocating bottom C with the reciprocatiD|^ knife
£, in the manner substantially as herein shown and described, so that both the knife and
the bottom shall have a simultaneous movement to and from each other all as set forth.

Second, the arran^ment of the lever G in combination with the hand-lever D, link rf,
knife-head F, and Imk 6, all constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose
hereiif shown and described.

No. 38,347. - SiGMUND Weidenfeld, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Preparing
Orain, 6;c., for Malting.— F&tent dated April 28, 1863. — ^The ground grain is steeped in
water, which is impregnated with gases resulting from the dry distillat\pn of a mixture of
sulphuric acid 4 partst wood charcoal 2 parts, crystallized soda 1 part ; one ounce and
three (quarters of this mixture being used to every hundred weight of meal.

Claim, — Mashing Indian corn, or any other lund of grain, l)y a cold solution, substan-
tially as described.

No. 38,348.— Joseph H. Welty, of Mount Carroll, Carroll county, IW.—Improvement in
Bee-hives. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — Th(^ improvement consists in a tube to be placed
between two hives as a means of communication between them ; and it is provided with a
slide and operating wire handle so as to be closed or opened as required.

Claim. — The application to bee-hives of the combination of the slotted tube B, its side C»
and the wire D, wnen used as and for the purpose substantially as delineated and specified.

No. 38,349.— Andrew Judson White, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Lamp
Wick. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The improvement consists of a roving of vegetable fibre
covered with a coating of gluten by being passed thi'ough a vessel containing a solution of glu-
ten, from whence it is passed to a tube to bring it to the proper shape and afterwards dri^.

Claim. — A machine-made wick composed of unspun cotton, flax, or jute, covered and held
together with gluten.

No. 38,350.— James O. Whttcomb, of New York, N. Y. —Improvement in Magazine FieU
Baiteries.—PaXoni dated April 28, 1863.— This battery consists of a twaae on wheels oany-



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COMinSSIONEB OP PATENTS. 393

htf^ s rcfw of gnn barrelfl, and in connexion with ibem » series of rotation disks with cham-
bers in their peripheiy, which are by rotation under suitable char^chambers loaded with
powder and ball, and discharged by electricity when they arrive opposite to the bore of the
barrels. The rotation of the shaft carrying the disks is giren by a hand lever click and
ratchet wheel.

Claim, — First, one or more rotating cylinders or chamber blocks, in combination with the
insulated igniting devices for discharging said chaml>ers by electricity, when arranged at the
breech of barrels as herein set forth and represented.

Second, The general arrangement and operation of the ratchet R and spring X with the
lever L, click c, and spring t, when the ratchet R is fixed in the common shafl or axis a, with
one or more of the rotating cylinders or chamber block C, as herein set forth and represented.

Third, the chargers d da a working into the sockets G G G G, when used separately or in
aeries, for the purpose herein set forth and represented.

Fourth, the sliding bar m with its two wedge-shaped pieces 1' I, working against the studs
of the springs 2' 2, in combination respectively with the rods I I, the check wires 6' 6' 6' 6'
and 6 6 6 6, and also with the springs h' A, substantially as and for the purpot$e herein set
forth* and represented.

Fiilh, the bullet pressers D D D D carrying the galvanic or voltaic battery wires ppppt
as herein set forth and represented.

Sixth, the relieving wires kkkk fixed to the shaft ir, when made to work into and out of
the bullet holders by motion communicated from the shaft e through the arms r and M and
pitman I to said shatt lo, as herein set forth and represented.

- No. 38,351. —Enoch Whittemore, of North Paris, Oxford county, fA^.^lmprmtd
Wood Horse. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — ^The jaws of the horse are provided with teeth
and a sliding frame between the jaws, which, being depressed by a treadle, causes the teeth
on the said frame to approach the teeth on the jaws and firmly clamp the u'ood between them.
Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the jawed lever and its treadles with the
wood horse, the same being substantially as and to operate together as specified.

No. 38,352.— George Wright, of Washington, D. C.-^Improved Apparatus for Casting
Faze*.— Patent dated April 28, 1863.— The **cope"jand "nowell" which form the front and
rear of the fuze, and the cheeks which form its periphery, are arranged in a frame, and the
former are attached to cross-bars, which are mutually approached by spiral springs, or re-
ceded by cams to open and close the moulds into which the metal is poured.

Claim. — First, removing the cope « and nowel/from the fuze, while the latter is firmly
held and supported by the cheeks K K, or their equivalents, for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the cams G G, parts e and /and K K, and the means of guard-
ing the same, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, moulding and removing a secondary part in the same machine with the main part,
substantially in the manner and with the advantage herein set forth.

No. 38,353.— Robert K. Wright, of PhiUdelphia, Pa.— /mprorerf Composition for Pre-
tereing and fVater-prooJing Leather. — Patent dated April 28, 186.J. — The composition is made
as follows : Three pounds of gum copal dissolved by boiling in two quarts of linseed oil ;
when cold, add one gallon oil of turpentine, mix, and bottle tightly.

Second, take half a pound of caoutchouc and dissolve in a gallon of oil of turpentine.
Mix four measures of the first-named composition with one of tne latter and apply with a
brush.

Claim. — ^The above-describied composition for preserving leather, made of the ingredients
enumerated, mixed or compounded in about the proportions specified.

No. 38,354.— Dudley B. Chapman, of Milford, Worcester county, Mass., assignor to
Himself and Ebenezer D. Draper, of the same place. — Improvement in the Manufacture of-
Silicate Soap. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — Compoundea of starch or other farinaceous
matter, 2 parts ; silicate of soda or potash, 4 parts ; sulphate of soda, 2 parts.

Claim. — The combination of an alkaline silicate, a sulphate of soda or an anhydrous
carbonate of soda, and a farinaceous or mucilaginous substance, the whole being sub-
stantially as described and for use as an ingredient of soap.

No. 38,355.— Charles Deavs, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Archer & Pancoast of
same place. — Improvement in Lanterns. — Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The improvement
is in tne construction of the casing of the lantern, two' sides of which are mode of sheet-metal
bevelled to serve as reflectors, and connected by cross-bars at the bottom ; the other sides
are occupied by panes of glass, and beneath the casing is the lamp which is hin^d thereto.
The guard wires, which are £ftstened to the lower edge of the casing, pass upwards and form
a pivot for the chimney cowl, and also eves for the attachment of the handle.

Claim. — First, the case or body C of the lantern formed of the glass plates e «, and a sheet-
metal portion so cut or shaped as to form, when bent, two sides a a and the top b of the ca^^e
or body, the lower ends of the sides being connected by cross-bars c c, substantially as set torth.



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894 AlfKOAL REPOBT OF THE

Second, the combination of tbecase or body €, oonftraoledsnbttsndaltyas desinlbed, with
Uie lamp A, the former being connected to the lattw by binges or joints D, as and ^r the par
pose specified.

Third, forming the sheet-metal sides a a of the lantern with berelled inner surfaces jj, to
serve as reflectors, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the rods F, bent at their upper ends to form pivots (or the cap-pi^oe E, and cdso to
form ejes for the bail or handle G, and secured at their lower ends lo tne crossbars e c, to
serve as guards for the glass plates s e, as herein described.

No. 3d,35G.->QEo. W. Duncan, of Bath, Maine, assignor to Hhnself and Charles Daf-
ENPOHT, of the Pame place.— /mfffoveif Cat-block for fr^ng a Ship's Anchor, — Patent
dated April 28, 1863. — The anchor nangs from the ring of the cat-block, being suspended
below the cat- head. Th« block ring opens below by means of vibrating levers, one attached
to each half. «

Claim, — ^The combination of the tackle block B, and the lever riuff hooks D D, and their
chains £ E, the said block to be suspended from a cat-head or a davit by means of a iall or
rope C, and the whole to operate substantially in manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,357.— Stuart Gwynn, of New York, N. T., assignor to Geo. Odiorne, of Boston,
Mass. — Improhtment in Apparmtutfor Carhureting Oas.— Patent dated April 28, 1863. — The
invention consists in forcing the air from a condenser through a porous medium charged with
hydro-carbon in a chamber, which is supplied fix>m a reservoir which feeds it in quantities
regelated according to its evaporation. The air from the generator is charged with moisture
and passed through iron filings, whereby firom the oxydizatlon hydrogen gas is liberated and
passed to the generator to overcome the excess of canwn in the carbiu^tted air.

Claim, — ^First, the general arran^ment and combination of apparatus, substantially as
herein shown and described, for forcing the air through a porous medium diffusely charged
but not filled with fluii, so that the air shall penetrate through as well as pass over the mass
of porous substance, as herein set forth*

Second, the arrangement and combination of apparatus, substantially as herein shown and
described, for maintaining the proper level of the nuid and effscting the vaporization, in the
manner set forth.

Third, the arrangement and combination of apparatus, substantially as herein shown and
described, for genei-ating hydrogen gas to supply atmospheric air charged with the vapor of
hydrocarbon fluids in proportion to the excess of carbon it contains.

No. 38.358.— Alfred Heaven and Robert Smith, of Manchester, England.— ^ifwr<we-
Cent in Embroidering Machines, — Patent dated April 28, 1863.— Patented in England March
21, 18G1.— This machine is applicable to that cmss of embroideries where the material is
stretched on a vertical frame, on each side of which is a mechanism for grasping the double*
pointed needle which carries the thread through the cloth. This improvement consists in
the mechanism by which the reciprocating carriage is actuated and the driving belt of said



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 61 of 164)