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returning against the current.

Clmim. — ^'fhe combination and arrangement of the buckets C C C C'^', pinions g d, chains
D /, and wheel e, as herein shown and described.

No. 38,384. — Joseph L. Hall, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Locks, — ^Patent
<lated May 5, 1863. — This improvement relates to that class of locks in which a series of
gated '* tumblers" oppose the retraction of the bolt unless they are arranged according to a
secret formula. .

The invention consists in the application of a sliding dog acting in combination with the
fast tumbler to prevent a clue to tne formula ; also in 'devices to facilitate a change in the
combination'witljout removing the lock ; and in the disposition and arrangement of the parts
to diminish friction.

The devices are fully set forth in the cliums.

Claim. — First, the provision of the sliding check-piece or dog E, operated in advance of
the main bolt by the same key or other device which moves the latter, in combination with
one or more sets of tumblers, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, in the described combination with t\|e fast tumbler Q, the provision of the sliding
check-piece or dog F, operated in advance of the main bolt by the same bit, key or other
instrument which moves the said bolt, the whole being combined and operating as and for
the purposes substantially as set forth.

Third, the arrangement of a hollow withdrawable hub G, containing the operating stem N,
and supporting the series of alternate loose tumblers I, and fast washers J, the whole being
confined to said hub by the annular cap M, in th6 manner represented.
• Fourth, the coiubination of the can T, shiftable stem N, and fast tumblers Q, to facilitate
numerous and ready changes of combination, as explained.

Fifth, the fixed washers J, gate j, in line with the aperture S in the hub G, to ftfford a
fixed guide for the trier, as described.

No. 38,385.— William Hamilton, of Allegheny, Pa.— ^pnweJ Machinery for Dressing
Axle Boxes, — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The invention consists in adjusting two cutter
rests upon a carriage, the cutters having an interposed a^ustable gauge between them, so
as to act simultaneously, and preeerve a correct relative position while turning off both enda
of an axle box at the same time.

Claim. — ^Facing both ends of an axle box at the same time, by means of two cutters placed
parallel to each otner at right angles to the axis of the axle box, which is caused to revolve
on it^ axis, the cutters being so operated as to approach each other as the box is being faced,
in the same relative position to each other and to the axis of the axle, substantially as de*
scribed.

The combination of cutters for facing the ends of axle boxes, placed at each end thereof^
and susceptible of motion toward each other while presei-viug a given angle of inclination to
the axis of the box, with a mandrel for holding the box from its inside, capable of opening
on each side of its centre for the purpose of holding the axle box with its axis at the proper
angle to the cutters, and yet allowing the cutters to pass beyond the point of contact of the
exterior surlace of the mandrel and the interior circumlerence of the axle box, substantially
as described.

The use of an adjustable gauge interposed between the two cutters for the purpose of
stepping the operation of the machine, wnen the axle box has been faced down to the re-
quired length.

No. 38,386.— Dennis Harris, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Apparatus for Evapo-
rating Saccharine and other Liquids, — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The semi-cylindrical pan
is heated by being set in a steam bath, and by a series of pipes passing around inside ol it.
The circulation of the simp is kept up bv a series of revolving disks, which rotate upon a
BttkSi whose axis is above tne level of the liquid.

Claim, — The rotating disks £ and blast pipes C, one or more, in combination with the
pad B and steam under pressure, all arranged as^and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,387.— Robert G. Hatpibld, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Sliding Door-
Sheaves, — Patent dated May 5, ld63. — ^The sheaves on the hangers, from which the door is
snraended, have a tire of eiastic material to enable them to move noiselessly along the track,
and the height of the door is regulated by elevating screws which raise the hanger upon the
axle-box of the sheaves. ^ t

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Claim. — ^The application of adjnsting apparatus to the bearings of sliding door-sbeaves,
for the purpose described.

Also, the construction of wheels of sliding door-sheaves with a tire or periphery compos^
of a muffler or sound-deadening material.

No. 38,388.— Richard Watson.Hawkins, of Pittsburg, Pa. — Improved Chimney Fast'
ener, — Patent dated May 5, IQ63. — This invention consists of a dip to fit over the foot flange
of a lamp-chimney, which is placed near the point occupied by the permanent fastener, while
the chimney is placed in position,' and slipped round to the opposite side to retain it there.

Claim. — ^The use of a cnimney fastener for lamps, consisting of a slide placed in the burner
frame, and having arms or other equivalent device for holding down the flange of the chim-
ney oh one side, and capable of being slid round towards the points or other device by which
the chimney is held down on the opposite side, substantially as hereinbefore described.

No. 38,389.— Mark W. House, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improvement in Electric Baths, -
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The object of the Invention is to provide facilities for passing
general or interrupted currents through the patient; also direct, transverse, and diagon^
currents.

The claims define the construction and^arrangement.

Claim. — ^First, constituting the head electrode C, the terminus of two batteries, which may
receive positive -|- and negative — from either battery or instrument, or both of the positives
or both of the negatives, thus completing a double circuit through a single electrode, while
the opposite poles of the batteries, respect! velv, terminate in traversing electrodes upon the
sides of the tub, thus completing the circuit of either or both of the batteries, or induced cur-
rent or currents, through any conducting medium placed between them.

Second, the traversing electrodes, in combination with conductors placed along the sides
of the tub, as and for the purpose specified.

Third, such an arrangement of traversing Electrodes that two independent sets of cnrrents
can be worked at the same time, in the same direction or in opposite directions, either longi-
tudinally, transversely, or diagonally, through the conducting medium in the tub.

Fourth, working a primarv uninterrupted current, in connexion with an induced inter-
rupted current, eiwer or both of which may be locail or general, combinedly or single, as
specified.

Fifth, the acyustable head electrode, when constructed and arranged so as to expand and
contract their surface, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,390.— D. B. Howell, of New York, N. Y. —Improvement in Fastenings for Orna-
ments in Dress. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The ends ot the plates are provid^ with sharp
pins, which preserve the same general curve, and the plate beiag deflected or bowed the
pins are entered into the cloth, and the straightening of the plate sinks them in up to the
edges of the plate.

Claim. — ^Thd combination of a spring plate A and pins a a, applied to a shoulder strap or
other ornament, substantially as and for the purpose herein soecined.

#

No. 38,391. — J. P. Howell, of Washingtcmville, Orange county, N. Y. — Improvement
in Horse-tooth Fi/ca.— Patent issued May 5, 1863.— Antedated February 21, 1863. - The file
is set in a groove or socket in a metallic handle, being guided and kept from abraiding the
lips of the animal by its raised edges.

Claim. — A horse-tooth file composed of a cast-metal stock or handle A and a file B, made
separately and fitted together, substantially as herein shown and described.
f

No. 38,392. - F. M. Hubbard, of Protection, Erie county, N. Y. ^Improvement in Sash
Fastenings. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^This appliance is enclosed in a box and set into
the edge of the sash. A thumb-screw operates a wheel, which drives an eccentric into im-
pingement against the casing, or withdraws it. The position of the wheel is retained by a
spring and click operating into a ratchet on said wheel.

Claim. — ^The driving wheel g, the wheel /c, the spring A, the cam wheel L, and the knob
s, the whole an-anged in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 38,393.-— Henry B. James, of Trenton, N. J.— Improvement in rrateA«f.— Patent
issued May 5, 1863. — Antedated November 14, 1862. — ^The idle end of the balance spring is
supported by means of a coil, to the end of which it is attached by fb sleeve ; the centre of
the coil is attached to an arbor on the plate. The object is to provide an elastic support, in
place of the rigid attachment by pin and stud, by which improvement the spring has a greater
range and freedom of motion.

Claim. — First, nroviding an elastic vibrating support for the balance spring, substantially
as herein specifieu.

Second, cx>mbining the use of the elastic vibrating support for the balance spring with the
system of compensation for expansion, which constitutes the subject-matter of my letters
patent of December 27, 1859, by making the said elastic support of combined laminse of two
metaJii, substantially as herein specifieo.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 401

Third, the within-described mode of connecting the balance sprinff and elastic vibratinjf
support by means of thfi side ring e, applied in combination with the enlarged end of the
arm b of the said support, as herein specified.

Fourth, securing the elastic supporting coil B to the plate C bj means of the taper stud a
applied to the coil and plate, in the manner herein specified.

No. 38,394.— Joseph Eeech, of Waterloo, Seneca county, N. Y.— Improvement in Plough
Clevis. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The clevis consists of a toothed and slotted plate,
through which, the draught rod passes, and which may be rotated on a disk wheel, which
itself may be varied in its set on the notched end of the beam ; the effect of this four-fold
toothed arrangement being to give the draught rod any required lateral or vertical adjust
ment in its relation to the end of the beam.

Claim. — The dial-plate C, provided with cogs d don one side, engaging with the cogs a
a of the beam, and with concentric radial teeth g g on the other side, engaging with the
index plate D, that sustains and adjusts the draught rod, substantially as and tor the purposes
herein set forUi.

No. 38,395. — ^EusHA Eenvey, of Liverraore, Androscoggin county, Maine. — Improve-
ment in Ox-bow Fastening. — ^Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The bow is passed up through a
hole in the bow cap, and then its neck is passed outwardly along a narrowed slot, and, the
spring being lowered over the head of the bow, it is prevented from returning to the round
orifice through which it had passed.

Claim. — ^The spring B combined with a bow cap, in the manner and for the purpose herein*
set forth.

No. 38,396. — ^Thbooore E. King, of Ashtabula, 0\no.— Improvement in Fences. — Patent
dated May 5, 1863.— This is an' improvement in the construction of ornamental metallic
fences, wnere the posts, base, and portions instituting the panels and ^te are made separ-
ate^ and attached by lugs, bolts, brackets, and braces, as is explained in the claims.
.* Claim. — ^First, securing the posts to the base G by means of the flanges £ and screws and
nuts F F', as specified.

Second, the adjustable brace O for supporting the panel in on upright position, arranged
and operated as set forth.

Third, the brackets. Figure 6, for securing the panels to the posts, as specified.

Fourth, the brackets M N N' for uniting the panels and securing them to the base G, as
described.

Fifth, the gate brackets P Q F and the hinge B S S', shown in Figure 7, constructed and
arranged as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,397. — ^Philip Koch, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvement in Machine for Making
Nw*.— Patent issued May 5, 1863.— Antedated April 18, J 863. —The bar is pushed through
a hole in the cutter, and the ascending lever cuts off a blank, which is then pasised to the die,
which removes the central portion, and, after being hammered and dressed, it is discharged
fwta the machine. The motions are too intricate to be explained vrithin moderate limits.

CUam. — First, the stationary cutter formed of the steel oar C, with a hole b made in it, in
connexion with the lever D, or its equivalent, arran^d, as shown, to cut the blank from the
bar from its under side upward, substanHally as set torth.

Second, the combination of the die O and punch Q, when arranged as shown, to operate as
and for the purpose specified.

Third, the pin vo attached to the spring U, and having the spiral spring W connected with
it in combination with the slides X X', S\ arranged as and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the combination of the die C^ and movable bed B', arranged for joint operation,
substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Fifth, the slides G I, arranged as shown, when used in combination with the lever D and
stationary cutter bar C, as and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the slides X X^, arranged as Shown, when used in combination with the pen tr and
box T, to operate as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,398.— M. P. Larry, of Windham, Cumberland county, ^^.—Improvement in
Apparatus for Upsetting Tires. — ^Patent issued May 5, 1863. — ^Antedated January 16, 1863. —
The heated portion of the tire is placed on an ^rc-shaped anvil and retained by toothed
clamps, a half-round and tapering false anvil being placed under the tire by which it is
nused in that position; the tire is hammered, and the false anvil. being gradually withdrawn,
the tire is upset in that portion, and this shortened to the required extent, the tire is prevented
from slipping by being leaned over laterally, which causes the teeth of the clamps to take a
firm hold of it.

Claim. — ^A tire shrinker, constructed, combined, and arranged as shown and described.

No. 38,399.— Edward Lumley, of Elisabeth City, Union county, N. J.— Improvement
in Lathes for Taming Irregular Fornw.— Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The pattern and tho

H. Ex. Doc. 60 26

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blank are each chncked in an nprig^ht frame, and the cutter frame, which has upright sides
and a longitudinal motion on ways, is advanced to tho blank, so that the rotating cutter will
remove the outer portions of the blank to a point where its Airther forward process is
arrested bj the pattern. The desired obliquity of the faces of the cutter knives is ^ven bv
the vibration of the bed of the cutter stock and is secured by the engaging of the point witj^
notches on a bar above the side ways of the machine.
Claim. — ^Vibrating the cutter H in the manner and for the purpose hereinbefore specified.

No. 38,400.— Burton Mallory, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvement in Locks and
Latc/tes. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The bolt is made to suit a right or a left hand door by
shilling the bolt in the case so as to expose the inclined edge of the latch to the proper side
of the door when closing.

Claim. — A reversible latch-bolt when the same is placed in a case independent of the lock
case, and made reversible in the manner substantiaUy as herein specified.

No. 38,401. — J. B. McMillan, of North Yemon, Jennings county, Ind. — hmprovement in
Water Elevators. — ^Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The elevator consists of a frame with a cord,
bucket, and a windlass, with a ratchet wheel and a pawl and brake; the bucket has a tipping
bail which, in rising, is engaged by a hook which tips the bucket and discharges the water
over the side of the curb.

Claim. — ^The combination and arran|;eipent of the ratchet collar F, compound pawl and
brake £ D, tipping hook L, tipping bail B, and return spout G, all substantially as shown
and described.

No. 38,402.— John D. Mets, of Dubuque, Iowa. — Apparatus for Cutting Ornaments in
Paper 1 Leather , 8fc. — Patent dated May 5, 1863.->The object of this instrument is to cut off
sheets of leather, or other material, to a given pattern for ornamental book covers, and con-
sists of knives of the desired shape attached to a frame, and with an elastic frame within the
space enclosed by the knives, wnich will Yield to the pressure and remove the cut portion
when the cutters are raised:

Claim. — First, combining with the framework A and B the knife a and the frame C, and '
its knife 6, and the yielding platforms D and £, as and for the purposes described.

Second, the removable cutter-frame C, with its yielding platform £, when arranged within
an outer cutter frame, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Third, constructing the main kmfe- frame so that it will constitute a holder or support for
one or more removable knife-frames, substantially as described.

No. 38,403.— Sargent O. Morse, of Medford, Hass.— Improvement in Apparatus for
Grinding File B/an/cj.— Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The file blank is set in a holder with a
' depression to fit the blank and form a gauge to grind by ; the tang- being held by clamps,
and the device guided by pattern lips or edges.

Claim.— The blank-holder a, when made with the recess, (corresponding in depth to the
blank to be ground, so that its faces shall be patterns to which to reduce the sur&ce of the
blank,) and with the clamps b for grasping the tang.

Also, combining with the tang-holder a. the gauge-plate g, when made with the pattern
lips or edges, and to be confined directly to and so as to form part of the holder or carrier,
for the purpose as above set forth.

No. 38,404.— Barak T. Nichols, of Newark, N. J. —Improvement in SoiWfcs. —Patent
dated May 5, 1863.^This improvement consists in connecting the sides of the longitudinaLy
divided saddle by means of springs and screw bolts, so that the ** spread" of the saddle may
be adjusted to the back of the animal.

C/aim.— The combination of the screw bolts S S with the springs D D, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes described.

No. 38,405.— N. P. Ons, of Yonkers, Westchester county, N. Y,— Improvement in Par-
rallel Ftce.— Patent issued May 5, 1863.— Antedated May 3, 1863.— This vice is attached to
the bench by a strap which encloses a circular portion of the pillar, which is notched or
grooved to give it a firm attachment to a flanged socket by means of keys. The parallelism
of Uie jaws is secured by means of cross-baiis pivoted together and attached to each of th»
jaws.

Claim. — first, the strap D and bar C applied to the part a of the shank or pillar B of the
Tice, and connected by the keys £ when the said part a has any angular or irregular form
which will adapt it to be firmlv held, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, the combination of the cross-bars J J, bar C, strap D, shanks or pillars B H,
swivel jaw A, permanent jaw I, screw G, and socket F, when arranged as shown to form aa
improved article of manufacture for the purpose specified.

No. 38,406.— Emort Parker, of Meriden, Corm.'-tmprovsmsnt in Door ITno^s.— Patent
dated May 5, 1863.— The knob has a threaded socket screwed into a threaded spindle and



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Becnred from fturther rotation bj a clevis or staple wbich fits within flanges on the shank and
orer the sqnare spindle, being afterwards covered bj the escatcheon.

Claim. — In cpmbination with the screw-threaded knob and the screw-threaded angular
spindle the clamp piece 6, or its equivalent, fitting a recess in the shank, and located within
the escutcheon of the knob, in the manner and for the purpose substantiallj as set forth.

No. 38,407. — ^Philip G. Peltz, chief engineer United States Navy. — Improvement in
Adjustable Part-holefor Directing Orrfnaiice.— Patent dated May 6, 1863.— The muzzle of
the piece is presented through an opening formed by the correspondence of spiral grooves in
each of the two vertical rollers ; as these are rotated a similar opening is presented, but in an
elevated poeiHon. These rollers are fixed on the inside of the port-hole or embrasure.

Claim. — First, the use of spirally grooved rollers, substantially as herein described, ro-
tated by a screw, lever, or other suitable means, for the purpose of presenting at any de-
sired height an aperture to receive the muzzle of the gun.

Second, elevatmg or depressing guns by means of spirally grooved rollers, substantially
as herein described.

Third, the reversible boxes F F employed in the described combination with the rollers
D D for the purpose of changing their distance asunder.

Fourth, the casing J employed in the described combination with the rollers D D to ex-
clude smoke and gas.



No. 38,408.— Charles Perley, of New York, N. Y.^Improted Vertical Windlasses, -
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — This invention consists in the arrangement of the vertical shafts
of the capstan and chain heavers in a triangular position, so that they may be brought nearer
together and take less width transversely of the vessel, and to' admit of the introduction of
two splbds by which the chain heavers may be rotated with a power approximate to the vary-
ing occasion. Other points of detail are explained by the claim.

Claim. — First, arranp^ing the shaft to which the motive power is applied and the vertical
shafts carrying the chain heavers in a triangular position, so tha^ the said heavers may be
.brought nearer together transversely of the vessel, as set forth.

Second, the combination of two pinions or wheels k and v with the gearing of the vertical
windlass, when said wheels k and v are of differehtfsizes and fitted in such a manner as to be
connected to or disconnected from the motive power, substantially as specified, in order that
the vertical windlass may receive a faster or slower movement firom the motive power, as set
forth.

Third, the construction of the coupling squares on the shaft % and the recesses in the
respective wheels k and 0, whereby one wheel is coupled and the other uncoupled by an
endwise motion given to the said vertical shaft i, as specified.

Fourth, the arrangement of the pinion 10 and shaft z for raising and lowering the shaft t,
as specified.

Fifth, constructing the box or base of the vertical windlass containing (he gearing, of a tri-
angular shape in its general outline, in order that the said base may occupy but httle space
and more'firmly sustain the strain of the chain cables, as specified.

Sixth, in combination with a chain heaver, fitted in such a manner that it may be rotated
from below or disconnected from the motive power, the double gearing for communicating a
fast or slow motion to such chain heaver, substantially as specified.

Seventh, constructing the base box of the vertical windlass with the elevated portion e
above the top 6, substantially as shown, whereby double gearing can be introduced and the •
chain wheels are nused firom the deck as little as possible, as set forth.

No. 38,409.— CHARLE8 Perlky, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Constructing
Comum.— Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The cannon is made with an exterior surface tapering -
towaids both ends from a point over the charge chamber ; a reinforce band carrying the
trunnions is slipped over the muzzle and back so far as lo meet the end of a similar reiutorce, .
which forms a cap on the breech, .advancing to the point of junction with the former band.

Cteini.— The barrel a, with the extenor surface tapering both wafs, in combination with*
the ring e and breech cap b, drawn together by screw bolts, or their equivalents, as and for.
the purposes' specified.

No. 38;410.^JOHW Poole and Thomas J. Pattin, of Harmar, Washington county,
Ohio.— improveinefK in Swages for Zinc ff ash-boards.— FAtent d&ted May 5, J863.— The zinc
is corrugated between a lower bed die and an upper movable one, which is hinged so as with .
the bed-plate to form a Jaw. The latter in operated by a cam which alternately raises it and
allows it to fall ; and the jaw may be retained at its elevation by means of catches which engage ■



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 63 of 164)