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notches on vertical spring slats.

Cteim.— The bed-plate C, the weighted lever drop L, m combination with the cam or small
wheel G and spring catches to 10, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,4n.^JoH!» Poole and Thomas J. Pattin, of Harmar, Washington county,
OfaiOb— Mffwemem in Clamping and Nailing fFa«ik-froard«.— Patent dated May 5,. 1803. —



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404 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

This consists of a bed oh which the centre and side pieces of the wash-board are placed and
the reciprocating flanged sides approached bj means of a lever and cam to hold them to-
gether while bem^ nailed through the holes in the flanges. *

Claim. — The sliding clamps E £, standards or postsB B, with the lever Ja, and cams D D,
in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,412.— Wm. J. Potter, of Chicago, lil.—Process for Graining and Ornamental
Painting. — Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The process is as follows : The design is engraved in
relief or otherwise, and the relieved surface covered withe composition prepai-ed as follows:
one pound of macerated glue, to which is added one pint molasses, four tablespoonsful oil of
tar, one ounce lampblack, one tablespoonful olive oil, and one half teaspoonful of soda ; the
composition digested in boiling water. This, when cooled, forms a composition for taking a
cast of the engraving, and being elastic, is bent over a shaft, forming an ornamental roller.
The surihce to be ornamented is painted over uniformly, and the simace roller moistened
with an oily composition and applied to the surface of the paint, which is allowed to dry in
the parts not covered by the composition ; the latter being afterwards wiped off with the un-
dried paint beneath it.

Claim. — The employment in connexion with the aforesaid roller of some suitable solution,
as described, for preventing the drying of the paint forming the figure or ornament, and
thereby producing the ornamental desigii required by subsequently removing the paint form-
ing such figures m the design, substantially as and for the purposes specified and described.

No. 38,413.— Suspended.

No. 38,414.— E. K. ROOT, of Hartford, Conn.— Improvement in Shot Metallic Cartr^ges.^-
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The case is m£ide with a rounded and weakeued end, and a
flanged base or rear, and is filled with shot, wad, powder, and fulminate, in that order. '

Claim. — ^The combination of a charge of powder, a charge of shot, and the fulminate, with
a case or shell surrounding or enclosing them, constructed substantially in the manner de-
scribed and fi^r the purpose set forth.

No. 38,415.— John B. Root, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improved Marine Propeller.— Patent
issued May 5, 1863 ; antedated May 3, 1863. — The hub ot the propeller is of a cooical shape,
the point directed ** aft,*' and the blades proceed from the base of the cone and are attached
to a ring of larger diameter, being so curved and disposed as to draw the water from the cir-
cumference and discharge it behind the centre.

Claim. — The arrangement of the blades and hub of the propeller substantially as herein
specified, whereby tbe water is drawn from the circumference' toward the centre and dii»-
cnarged from the centre directly astern of the vessel, as herein set forth.

No. 38,416.— Henry Rosen, of Elkhart, Elkhart county, Tnd.—/m/>rot?cm«it in Pumps.—
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — This pump has two pistons and two pump stocks ; the plungers
are attached to vibrating rolls working on a common pivot and connected by their ends to
rods which are attached to a crank wnst revolved by a- handle.

Claim. — Driving the buckets of the two barrels A and A' from a crank shaft I, through
the medium of the rods K and K', arms D and D', and rods B and B', the whole being
arranged and operating os and for the purpose herein set forth.

•No. 38,417.— George C. Roundey, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Gas Burners.—
Patent dated May 5, 1863.— This gas burner is intended to be set ias a cap above another
burner, and consists of an enlarged chamber in the tube below the fish-tail orifice in which
the gas is heated before it passes out of the burner.

Claim.— The combination of the cap-tube A, the expansion chamber B, and fish-tail tip C,
substantially as herein described.

No. 38,418.— Thomas F. Rowland, of Green Point, Kings county, N. Y.— Improved Ap-
paratus for Launching Fessels.— Patent dated May 5, ]86.j. — This invention consists of a
vibrating lever with a catch attached to the permanent ways, and engaginff with a socket on
the under side of the sliding ways, so as to prevent the vessel slicing off while the temporary
blocking is being removed.

Claim. — ^The arrangement or use, in connexion with the ways A C of the rotating shaft
D, extending from one set of ways to the other and provided with catches 6, all operating in
the manner herein shown and described.

No. 38,419..— Alfred Royer, of Reed's Mills, Vinton county, Ohio.— Improved Device for
Heating Ores for Smelting Furnaces. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The invention consists of a
pirating above the head of the furnace, on which the ore is exposed to the flame as it passes
mto the chimney, so as to give a preliminary heating to the ore. A current of water is
passed through the hollow grate bars to preserve them from being melted. The gretU
vibrates on a centre to discharge the ore into the fiunace.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS.' 405

Claim. — The gmte D, adapted to present the ore in an open condition to the flame of the
tnnuel head, and to discharge the heated ore, the said grate being preserved from destruction
by a current of .water traversing its interior, the whole being combined and operated 8ub>
stantially as set forth.

No. 38,420. — ^LUMAN BuNDELL,'of New Baltimore, Greene county, N. Y. — Improvement
in Hay Elevating F<w^.— Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The tines of the fork are of a sickle-
shape, and set into the head so that the shanks which enter the head are parallel with the
handle, and gradually leaving it assume a position in advance of the head, so as to be easily
inserted ; the fork is swung in such a way as to be back with its load, which enables the
head to bear it without strain.

Ctotm.— Extending the tines of a hay-fork back of the head in a sharp curve and thence to
their points in a flat curve, substantially as herein shown and described, and. in such relation
to the handle and loop ft'om which the fork is suspended in elevatins^ the same, that said
tines can be easily rocked into the hay, and that in elevating the load lodges in the sharp
curve, where it exerts almost no lateral strain on the but ends of the tines, and consequently
the liability of snapping the same at the place where they enter the head is obviated.

No. 38,421.— W. J. Sage, of Steubenville, Ohio.—Imftovement in Horse Poioers.- Patent
dated May 5, 18^. — ^The horse power consists of two horizontal wheels, with cogs on the
up^r edge of the lower wheel, ana on the lower edge of the upper one, vnth a pinion between
them. The draught animal walks on the lower wheel and draws upon the upper one, they
rotating in opposite directions and actuatins^ the pinion.

Claim, — The combination of the two toothed wheels C D, pinlen £, and shaft F, arranged
to operate in the manner as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,422.— OiiiiiN J. Savage and Oeorge P. Hawley, of Ithaca, N. Y, —Improvement
in Lamp Burners. — Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The outer chamber of the burner consists
of two conical frustums, base to base, the lower one with larg^ holes, and the upper one
finely perforated. — ^The slit of the cone forms a rectangular base with a narrow ^p.

claim. — First, the cone A, with its slot narrowed at the top, and gradually widening hr
straight and uniform lines to the bottom of the square or rectangular bottom, as represented.

Second, the combination of the cone A, the broad and flaring, finely perforated or fora-
minous sheet metal belt B, widening as it descends, and the base C, narrowing as it
descends, with large perforations, made and used as represented and described, for the pur-
poses set forth.

No. 38,423.— Jacob H. Shear, of Albany, N. Y.— Improvement in Cooking Stoves.—
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The object of this improvement is to equalize the neat of the
stove by placing a double plate, forming a flue, behind the fire and aoove the oven, so that
the heat of the nre shall not strike so directly into the part of the oven adjacent to the fire.
These chambers are connected by openings, as described in the claim.

Claim. — ^The combination of the flue M and its openings aahb^ flue ^ and its openings
e e, and its opening^ into flues C and E, with the back and bottom flues D E, in the
manner and for the purposes set forth in the above specification.

No. 38,424.— Levi Short, of Philadelphia, Va^—Imnroved Composition for Filling
Shells. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — Composition of the following ingredients: 40 pounds
saltpetre, 7 pounds charcoal, 6 pounds asphaltnm, 2 pounds antimony, 7 pounds sulphur, *
2 gallons naphtha ; mix, settle, and decant the supernatant liquor to saturate fibrous oaaterial
as a filling for shells. The sediment is taken in its plastic state, and formed into fir€ balls,
to be used in charging explosive projectiles.

Claim. — First, a combustible composition formed of the above-named ingredients, or their
equivalents, substantially in the proportions and for the purposes herein set forth.

Second, metallic pellets or missiled filled with combustible matter, in combination and use
with explosive projectiles, for the purposes and substantially as set forth.

No. 38,425.— Otis W. Stanford, of Mason, Warren county, Ohio, and Andrew W.
Crane, of Lebanon, Ohio. — Improvement in Grain Separators. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. —
The invention consists in the adaptation of the parts to receive the full and even effect of the
wind by making the fan case narrower than the shoe case, so as to prevent leakage of wind
on the edges of^e shoe, and by placing the riddle, on which the grain or seed first falls, out
of the way of the blast, so as by its vertical lateral motion to separate the seed before it is
exposed to the wind.

Claim. — The vertically and laterally agitated shoe B, having the riddle D in the upper
front part of it, immediately under the hopper, and mainly out of the blast, ia the descnbcd
combination with a case A A', having that part of it A which contains the shoe so mucli
wider than that part of it A' which contains the fan, as to enable the interior width of the
shoe at its front end to be equal to or somewhat in excess of the fan case at its front end, as
and for the objects set forth.



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406 ^ ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

No. 38,426.— David Stuart, of Philadelphia, V&.-~hnpr(fvement in Cooking Stoves ttni
Ranges, — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The improyement mainly consists in a superBtnictore ^
to the ordinary flat-top stove, forming chambers in which vessels are set; also, m a falling '
door at front, the object being to so place the culinary vessels on and about the fire as to
• earry away into the chimneys the fumes, steam, and odor resulting firom the various opera-
tions of cooking.

C^aim.— First, the chamber F, with its door A:, the chamber G, the fireplace J, and the
oven L, when the said chambers are arranged to receive the cuUnary vessels, to communi-
cate with each other and the fireplace, and in respect to each other and the oven, substan-
tiiUly as and (or the purpose herem set forth.

Second, the culinary vessel g, the flange f on the upper edg^ of the same, said flange
resting on a ledg^ n\ so formea in the top plate A of the stove, and so situated in respect to
perforations v that the said perforations shall form a communication between the interior
of the vessel and the chamber within which the vessel is suspended, for the purpose
described.

Third, the combination of the compartment F, the perforated door k and the perforated
valve cf, or its equivalents, the whole being arranged for roasting, frying, broiling, and other
like purposes, substantially as described.

No. 38,427.— GuiSEPPE Taguabue, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Instrument for
Ascertaining the Amount of Water^ ^c, in Barrels of Oil, 8fc, — Patent dated May 5, 1863. —
The instrument consists of a glass tube, with a spring yalve on each end, which are osm-
nected by a rod. This is plunged slowly down into the cask through the bung-hole, the
valves being kept open by pressure on the rod. When it is filled up even with that in the
barrel, it is withdrawn, and the depth of water and oil may be seen in the tube, and the
amount calculated by the graduated soale.

Claim. — First, the tube constructed of metal and glass.

Second, the valves at top and bottom acted on by one rod, and opening and closing
together.

Third, the graduated scale on the glass sides of the tube, constructed as aforesaid.

Fourth, tne whole constructed substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 38,428.— Daniel E. Teal, of Norwich, Chenango county, N. Y.— Improved Chair,-^
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The chair is arranged with a coiled spring under the seat, and
restine on the frame, so as to form an elastic support for the back of the seat, when the
sitter leans back in the chair.

Claim.— The combination of the seat A, the springs C C, or their equivalents, And the
frame B, adapted to tilt back at the will of the sitter against the resistance of the springs,
substantially as shown and described.

No. 38,429.— George W. Thompson and Joseph, Foster, of Bordentown, N. J.—
Improved Apparatus for Generating Gas from Petroleum and other Hydro-Carbons. — Patent
issued May 5, 1863 ; antedated November 10, 1862. — ^The object of this invention is to pre-
vent the accumulation of hard incrustation, which is difficult of removal, and interferes with
the heating of the retort. The means used are explained in the claim.

C/aim.— Depositing on the bottom of the retort a layer of unslacked lime, charcoal, or
other equivalent material, and so arranging the feed pipe D that the oil will drop directly on
to the said layer, as and for the purpose herein set fortL

No. 38,430.— John Tresch, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in Machinery for Moulding
Pottery. — Patent dated May 5, 1863.— The invention consists of a double-headed reciprocating
carriage, each head provided with a series of cores corresponding to stationary flasks on the
ends of the ways on which the carria^ traverses. The clav being placed in the mould the
carriage is advanced, and the cores being thrust into the flask are revolved so as to bring the
dajT to the shape and finish of the space between the cope and nowel. The back of the flask
which forms the flat bottom of the flower-pot is provided with studs which make the hole in
the bottom of the ware. A remover, carrying^ cores of the same shape as and disposed like
those on the end of the carriage, is introduceid into the pots, and the hinged sectional flask
is opened so as to free them to be carried to the kiln. The operation of moulding proceeds at
one end, while the removal is going on at the other.

Claim. — Firat, the arrangement of the double-headed reciprocating carriage C, each head
being provided with a series of revolving cores e, m combination with two stationary flasks
D D, one opposite to either head of the carriage, all constructed and operating as and for the
purpose described.

filecond, the arrangement of a hinged cap j and brace k, in combination with a sectional
flask D, oonsti^cted and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

Third, the employment of the remover D, constructed substantially aa specified, for the
purpose shown suid described.



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C0MMIS8I0NBB OP PATENTS. 407

No. 38,431.— Waters Warren, of Three Oaks, Berrien county, meh,-— Improvement in
Beehives. — ^Patent dated Maj 5, 1863. — The hive is constnicted of polygonal form with
alternate sides of wood and glass, and is surmounted by a similarly constructed honey box
which may be rotated on a central pivot, so as to allow or obstruct the commimication between
the hive and honey box, by means of the holes in the roof and floor of the respective apart-
ments.

Claim.— The bod^ B and spare-honey box E, constructed of alternate sides of wood and
glass and arranged m pol vgonal form, in combination with the cap or cover G and platform
A, substantially as described.

Also, the manner of arranging or applying the spare-honey box E to the body B of the hive«
to wit: by fitting the box E ona central pivot or pm e, when said box E is provided with holes
A in its bottom g^ and the top C of the body B is provided with similar noles e', as and for
the purpose specified.

No. 38,432.— Richard Vose, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in Elliptic Springs. —
Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The ends of the elliptic spring are inserted in or attached to
sockets, which are in turn controlled in their long^tudiniQ displacement bv tension plates
which pass around and bind them together, the planes of the elliptic spnngs and of the
tension plates being at ri^ht angles to each other.

Claim. — ^The combination of one or more curved, metallic bearing plates A and A^ with one
or more curved metallic tension plates B and B', when said plates are arranged in planes t^t
angles to each other substantially as herein set forth.

Also, when bearing plates A and A' are arranged and combined with tension plates B and
B' in the formation of^an improved spring, substantially as herein set forth, confining and
securing s«id plates by means of the metallic heads C C and D D, or their equivalents, sub-
stantially in the manner herein described.

Also, the use of intermediate, compensating springs, when combined with the bearing plates
A and A^ and tension plates B and B', of my improved spring, substantially in the manner
and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,433.— Caleb C Walworth, of Boston, M&sa.— Improvement in the Arrangement
of Conducting Pipes and Manifolds. — ^Patent dated May 5, 1863. — On the side or sides of a
i^ondncting pipe are chambers which connect with the various pipes of the manifold ; the
steam is admitted by means of a valve whose seat is on the partition between the chamber
and the conducting pipe, so as to communicate with all the manifold pipes opening into
that chamber by one valve opening.

Claim. — The combination of the conducting pipe, valve and manifold, when arranged sub-
stantially as herein shown and described.

No. 38,434.— Theophilus Van Kankel, of Chester, Randolph county, V\.— Automatic
Cherry-Skoner. — ^Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^This machine is an improvement on Van Kan-
nel's cherry-stoner, patented October 14, 1862, in being entirely automatic. The cherries
are placed in the hopper and fed one at a time at each motion ol the box ; the cherry is re-
ceived in a depression, and the box bemg raised the fork pushes the stone through a hole in
the centre of the depression so that it drops out of the machine. The stoned cherry is retained
on the barbed fork till a spring daw detaches it and discharges it from the machine.

Claim. — First, the curved spring-rocker E, constructed and applied to the mouth of the
hopper and operatmg in conjunction with the slide F, or its equivalent, for feeding cherries
to the machine one at a time, substantially as described.

Second, an automatic device I P, applied to a sliding box F, for dlschaiging the stoned
cherries separately from the machine, substantially as herein described.

Third, an altematelv sliding and vibrating claw-plate I I', substantially as and for the
pmposes herein described.

Fourth, a removable plate K, applied to and forming a part of the box A, substantially as
and for the purpose described.

Fifth, the combination of a conical hopper D with an automatic feeding device E and
slide F, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Sixth, the perforated reciprocating basin G, for receiving and centering the cherries and
retaining eacn cherry during the operation of the stoning fork H, in combination wiJi a ma-
chine operating substantially as herein described.

Seventh, a machine for stoning eherries, operating substantially as and for the purposes
specified.

No. 38,435.— Charles H. White, of Emmett, Calhouft county, 'hiich.— Improvement in
S^etji Switches for Railroads. — Patent dated May 5. 1863.— The object of this improvemeot
is to prevent the wheels from running off the track on to the gpround when arriving at a
ndtcA which is locked on the wrong rail, and consists of an extra flange or guide rail which
embraces the inner side of the wheel which is presented to the tracJc, and an inclined plan«
and flat surface which the flange of the other wheel is compelled to climb and traverse untU
it drops into its proper position with its flange inside its appropriate raiL



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408 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Claim, — ^The use of the flanches 1 1, tongues n n, ^ooves e e, rebates u «, and flange snp-
portere J J, in combination with the track switch rails A A, when arranged relative^ with
each other and with the said rails, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 38,436.— Joseph Whttecar, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Hoisting Ouster
Dredges.— Fat&ii dated May 5, 18^. — A shaft with conical flanged ends is arranged on
the gunwale of the boat so as to catch the lower bars of the dredge, which is so arranged as
to width that as it passes over the side of the boat the widest portion is so raised that the
piates or scrapers on its lower edge do not come in contact with the shaft as it passes over
into the boat.

Claim. — Constructing and arranging a pair of conical wheels substantially as described
in combination with an oyster or other dredge, for the purpose above set forth.

No. 3S,437.— Norman Wiard and Herman Shlasbaum, of New York, N. Y.—lmprove-
ment in Skirt Supporters. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — From a waist belt are suspended
hinged levers with elastic band springs around each, which are adapted to suspend ana retain
a portion of the dress which may be placed within their grasp.

Claim. — The new article of manufacture herein described, consisting of hinged levers
adapted to be operated by a single band of elastic material held in pli^ On the levers as
represent^ and lipped in order to receive and hold suitable parts to seize the skirt, in the
manner shown.

No. 38,438.-8. Lloyd Wiegand, of Philadelphia, V^^Improved Process of Manvfac-
turing iUuminatinff Gas. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — The invention consists in transmitting^
the gases generated by the decomposition of steam by carbon heated to incandescence, through
coal or other hydrocarbons at a high temperature and conveving the resulting v&pors into a
retort at a still higher temperature, and tnen decomposing them simultaneously with super-
heated steam and converting them into gas for illuminatiDg purposes.

Claim. — The combination Of the processes disclaimed when combined in the manner or in
any equivalent manner, as set forth and described.

No. 38,439.— Geo. B. Wiggins and J. W. Hoard, of Providence, B. l.—Improvemimt in
Grinding the Upner Cutter of Nail Machines. — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — This machine is
designed to ^rina the cutter in a certain curve to compensate for the tendency of the metal to
curve itself in the opposite direction whilfe being sheared from the plate, and^conSists of a
horizontal rotating grinding wheel and a rest to which the cutter is attached, the rest being
advanced to the wheel by means of a feed screw.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the grinding wheel C and the carriage F, for grinding the
movable cutter of a nail machine, suMtantiaQy as described.

No. 38,440.— Samuel H. Williams, of Shoemakerville, Berks county, T&.^Improved
WindotD Sash Fastener, — Patent dated May 5, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a cam-shaped
serrated roller or rollers in a case let into the window sash, which retire into the cose when
the sash is raised, but impizi|ge against the boxing when the sash is relieved, with sufficient
force to maintain the sasn in position, in combination with a sliding spring bolt which en-
gages with notches in the casing and may be retracted by a thumb-piece.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 64 of 164)