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h Second, pins of iin ^nal len^^ haTmg one side beyelled, in the manner sHown, fiat IIm

, pnipose of controUing the movement of shuttle boxes in power looms.

Ko. 38,490.— Frank G. Johnsou, of Brooklyn, N. T.— /mproved Hook for Ox Chmim.^
Patent issued Maj 12, 1863 ; antedated November 7, 1861.— This is a figure 8 or double hook
to attach together two ends of a chain or two chains, and the peculiarity consists in a slotted and
gravitating pivoted tumbler, which may be rotated by hand, so as to admit the introduction
of the link into the hook by means of the slot, and prevent the accidental repassage of the link
by the automatic movement of the slot out of ranse.

Cl^im. — ^The combination together of the hook A an^ the slotted and weighted tumblea
B B^ two or more, substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 38,491. — Job Johnson, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Explosive ProjoctHea, —
Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a cross-bar and screw fitted to retain
the cap that closes the rear of the charge chamber, so as to fit the cap lightlv to the shell
without the risk of screwing in a cap ; also in securing the percussion cap on the end of the
Axial rod by means of a spnng tube.

Claim. — First, the q:oss-bar gj screw-spindle A;, and internal flange », in oombiuation with
the cap/, nut /, aud soft metal ring o, fitted and acting u^ the manner and for the purposes
set forth. .

Second, the spring tube r, to hold on the detonating cap # , in combination with the rod f^
and screw t that is driven in by the concussion, as set forth.

No. 38,492. — Wesley L. Jukes, of Covington, Ky. — Improvement in Lamp Chimneys. —
Patent dated May 12, 1863. — The chimney has longitudinal corrugations around its enlarged
bnlb. The object is to disperse the direct rays without the absorption incident to ground
glass.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, the glass lamp chimney formed with longitudinal
corrugations A, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,493.-— George T. Lewis, of Philadelphia, FA.—hnprovement in Manvfacture of
Zinc. — Patent dated 'May 12, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in pressing compactly the
oxide of zinc alone, or mixed with the fuel, so as to permit a gpreater quantity to be placed
in the muffles.

Claim. — Subjecting the oxide or other compound of zinc, either alone or mixed with the
coal or other fuel, to pressure, or pressure and friction, before charging it into \h!d muffles or
retorts, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,494.— WnxiAM A. Lighthall, of New York, N. Y.—Improved Refrigerator for
Steam-Engines, — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on the* inventor's pat-
ent of February 26, 1861, and consists in so constructing and arranging the diaphragm and
divisioYi pUtes of the apparatus that the injection water— the water to be cooled — in both
sections shall travel against or counter to the current of the external or cooling water.

Claim^ — First, forming apertures in the diaphragm plate G, as shown, for the purpose of
alternately passing the water to be cooled from one side of the apparatus to the other, as do*
soiibed.

Second, the arrangement and construction of the division plates d d', as shown, whereby
the water to be cooled is forced to pass through the different sections of the apparatus and
through the apertures in the diaphragm plate, as described.

No. 38,495. — James P. Long, of Osage, Mitchell county, Iowa. — Combined Harrow, DriU,
Grass Seeder ^ and Roller. — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — This consists of a combined ma-
chine for ])erforming the operation of harrowing, drilling, seeding, and rolling ground. The
various points are connected to a firame, which is supported in front on wheels, and on a roller
at the rear.

Claim. — ^The combined machine, supported in front on wheels Q, and at the back on the
Toller R, and provided with the adiustabie suspended harrow B, adjustable drill finune J K,
and seeding apparatus F GH I, all arranged and operating as and for the purposes herein set
forth.

No. 38,496. — James W. Maloy, of Charleetown, Mass. — Improvement in Machinenf for
dating SoUs of Boots and Shoes.— Patent dated May 12, 1863.— The invention consists in
the employment of a rocking frame having two gauge bars, which, in xK>nnoxion with the
movements of a reciprocating bed canying two sets of cutters, serve as rests or stop-bars fo^
the edge of the leaUier ; also in the employment of a Yielding plate and a clearer, which
operates in conjunction with the reciprocating horizontal movements of the knife-bed, which
receives its motion from the cam, pin, and crank.

C/aioi.— The combination of the reciprocating bed L and platen B with the stop-ban s f',
the whole operating together and upon the leather to be cut, as above deseribed.



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comnsaioKER op piteitts. 419

AlPN te jrieldiiig plate P when nsed with a boriso^tal knifo-bed L, and for the purpose
of keeping the leather from contact with the edges of one knife </ as it is fed into th»
machine ovw to the other knife d'.

Also, the stationary clearer 9 when oneratlBg in conjunction with the reciprocating hori-
Kmtal movements of the knife-bed, as described.

Also, giving to the knife-bed its reciprocating and intermittent motions bj means of the
cam c, pin 6, and crank k.

No. 38,497. — ^William Miller, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement im Hoisting Maehimes. —
Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of a platform which is raised by
means of worm wheels working in racks on the vertical side timbers of the machine, these
))eing actuated by a winch and gearing.

CUim, — In combination with the described (or equivalent) actuating mechanism H I and
platform B, the arrangement of the woim racks D Ir and worm wheelS J J^ the whole b^ng
eombined and operating substantially as set forth.

No. 38,498.— WiLUAM C. Owen, of BrooWyn, N. Y.— Improved Attachment qf Lantern
mnd Rejlector. — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The reflector is attached when required to the
outside of the lantern, allowing the use of the whole circle of light when the reflector is un-



^i».— The combination of a lantern and reflector, when the latter is applied or arranged
St the onter side of the former, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 38,499.— WiLUAM D. Parrisb, of Philadelphia, Ttk.—Improvement in Apparafefof
Mixing Oases, — Patent diited May 12, 186:5.— The improvement consists in combining two
meters bo that the operation of one will transmit a positive motion to the other, and the rela-
tive quantity measured bv them shall be acyusted to any desired proportion.

Claim, — ^The described mode of mixing gases in variable propjortions, consisting in the
employment of two meters of an^ ordinary construction for measuring gases, the said meters
being so connected by the descnbed mechanism, or any equivalent thereto, that the motion
thereby transmitted and the relative quantities measured bv the meters can be a^iusted sub*
etantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,500.— Charles H. Peters, of Cincinnati, OUo.—Combination of Chamber Lamp
and Lantern, — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — 'The lamp is connected to the lower end of the
gfazed screen by means of pins which are inserted into and interlock with a gproove in the base
of the screen ; and the air is admitted to the inside of the screen by means of openiugs made
by punching up a portion of the metallic floor of the same ; the piece thus protruding serving
to deflect the iacomiug air from direct impingement upon the burner, and also to serve as a
Btay for the lower edge of the glass.

Claim, — ^First, the chamber or handled house-lamp A B, provided with studs C C C"
projecting from the upper portion of the reservoir, and adapted to interlock within the gated*
pottom of a lantern case F, the whole being constructed and adapted for the separate uses of
a lantern and a house-lamp, as set forth.

Second, the described arran^ment of the guards H and apertures I, for the double pur*
pose of retaining the panes and of deflecting Uio indraft, substantially as set forth.

No. 38,501.— Nathaniel Pickard, of Eowley, Essex county, Mass. — Imjfrovement in
Clamps for Raising DaUdings, — Patent dated May 12, 1863.— The clamp consists of a cen-
tral standard with a flanged foot to be placed under the timber of the building and a boss on
the back, underneath wmch is rotated the screw of the jack.

Claim. — My device or clamp, having its parts ABC constructed and arranged with respect
to each other as described, and so as to operate in connexion with a jack-screw, in manner
and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,502. — Qeoroe P. Reed, of Roxbuxy, 'Uasb,— Improvement in Stop Watches, —
Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in arranging in the main train of a
watch, or on the arbor of the second*s hand, or its pinion, a mechanism by which the motion
of that hand may be stopped without stopping the train or the other hands. The stopper
consists of a slide provided with a retracting spring, and arranged so that it may be preesed
endwise against the periphery of the collar or brake wheel, and the second's hand is set free
by the withdrawal oi the pressure.

Claim, — ^The combination of the friction spring k, the brake collar or wheel i, and the brake
or stopper /, or their mechanical equivalent or equivalents, with the second's pinion «, and
Um arbor g^ so applied that the pinion may rotate on the arbor, and relatively thereto, as de-
•qibed.

Also, the arrangement of the friction spring k, the brake stopper /, and collar or wheel t,
with respect to each other and in or relatively -to the main or regular train of a watch, as da>



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420 ANNUAL REPORT OP THB

No. 38,503.— R.W. Sackett, of Worcester, 'iHsAS.— Apparatus for Wetting Stampt^ flpc.—
Patent dated Maj 12, 1863. — This consists of a block revolving in a case partially filled with
water, which block retains sufficient water upon its surface for the purpose of wetthig the
gum on the reverse of the stamp.

Claim. — A device for wetting stamps, envelopes, (dkc., consisting of a block A, or its equiva-
lent, revolving in a case B, containing water, substantially in the manner shown and de-
•cribed.

No. 38,504. — J. C. SchemManv, of Hamburg, Germany. — Improvement intho Manirfactun
of ^eel. — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The metal is taken from the puddling fnmace when
it has assumed a eranular state, the carbon having mostly escaped, and is thrown into waters
The granular steel is then enclosed in iron or steel boxes, brought to a welding heat and ham-
mered into a homogeneous mass of required form, as a bloom or ingot.

Claim, — First, manufacturing steel m a grauular and spon^ state by withdrawing it fitom
ihe puddling furnace at the stages hereiAefore described, ana plunging it into cold water.

Second, manufacturing refined steel by enclosing the granular steel obtained, as hereiiibe-
fore described, in iron or steel cases, submitting the same to welding heat, and subjecting the
cases and their coutento to hammering, as hereinbefore described.

No. 38,505. — Socrates Scholpield, of Umpqua county, Oregon.— ^Apparatus for Teach'
ing the Art of Swimming. — Patent dated March 12, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a float
to oe worn around the head with a pipe extending from the mouth and nostrils to a point
above the head, so that the person may be able to oreathe when the respiratory orifices are
submerged, the float preventing the person from sinking.

Claim, — ^The use of either floats or breathing pipes, when constructed and arranged in sadi
a manner that they may be raised out of the water and rendered useless by the proper mo-
tions of the wearer in tne act of swimming.

No. 38,506.~H. R. Scott, of Plainwell, Alle^ county, 'Mjch.-^lmprovement in Water
Eleeatore. — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^Two mitre wheels are placed on a shaft, and mash
alternately with correspon ling bevel gearing on elevating drum shafts. The crank shaft has
an endwise motion, so that the wheels canl>e made, without clianging the direction of the
czank motion, to revolve the drums in either direction.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the bevel wheels bbce, oscillating shaft a
c, lever k^ crank o, and drums h A, substantially as described.

No. 38,507.— Samuel J. Seelt, of Brooklyn, N. Y. - Improvement in Conetrueting Care. -
Patent dated May 12, 1863.— The doors are made of ridged sheet metal and run on hanger
sheaves, and the seats are made with pivoted supports so as to let down into recesses in
the floor. These adaptations are intended to fit the car for military service in transportation
of troops or freight The claim explains the other features of the invention.

Claim. — ^First, constructing the ends of metal cars of ridged sheet metid dee^ and of ellip-
tical or curved form, and without joints at the comers, substantially as set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the angular guard J, or its equivalent, in combination with
the car body, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, arranging the seat of a car substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the construction of a car or other wheeled vehicle with round or elGptic ends and
ridges of sheet metal dcCf angle iron and wood, combined in the manner and for the purpose
herein described.-

FU'th, the manner herein described of arranging the doors in combination with the thiM
or guard, for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,508.— J. M.Seldomridge, of Spring Valley, Greene county, Ohio.— /mjwvremefil
in Tram and Levdfor Mills. — Patent dated May 12, 186:5. —The rim from which the traversing
level projects is adjusted to the central spindle by means of radial slides which impinge
against, its slides, and by standards, arch piece, and centre screw, which make an attachment
to the point of the spindle.

Claim. — ^The combination of the centre screw e, and radial slides g g and c, for adjusting
tiie instrument appropriately to the spindle, and the projecting arm t, for the purpose described.

No. 38,509.— Alfred Sower and Martin Payne, of Troy, N. Y.—Improved Machine
for Punching Railroad Rails. — Patent dated May 12, 1863.— This invention is intended to
punch the slots or holes in the foot flange of railroad rails while yet in a heated state, and
consists of a rolling bed and a head at each end, in which are punches operated by cam levers,

Claim' — ^The rollers O, in the bed or bar A, in connexion with the two blocks £ £, having
file punches / attached, all arranged tor joint operation as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,510.— James H. Soret, of Xenia, Clay county, HL-'Improvement in Com-PUnU
•rs.— Patent issued May 12, 1863; antedated December 2S, 1861.— This invention consists in
ft firame with runners in front to make the fiinows, and rollers behind to cover the seed which



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CCmiOSSIONEB OF PAJENT8. 421

Is dropped at the heel of the numers from aeed boxes. The motion of the seed-slide is de^
rived from cams on the inner side of one of the wheels which operate a spring and lever at-
tached to the slide rod.

Claim. — The combination and arrangement of the cams H, erooves Q, slide I, sprint K,
lever L, slide M» and points N, constnipted and operating togeUier in the manner specified.

No. 38,511. — ^Nicholas Smith, of Lansing, Alamakee county, Iowa. — Tmprcvement in Ap-
paratuafor Muuuring and Weighing,— PaJtent doted May 12, 1863.— The measnre is placed
within a case, being supported uerem upon springs of determinate strength. An arm from
the measure, projecting through the case and carrying an index point, registers upon a grad-
uated scale the height of the matter contained in the measure.

Claim. — ^A measure of capacity B fitted within a case A, and having springs D, one or
more, applied to it, and also an index or indexes to travel over gpraduatea plates G on th«
enter siae of the case, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

«

Ko. 38,512.— William J. Stevens, of Jersey City, N. J.—Immrovement in Expanding
Screw Ta)»«.— Patent dated May 12, 1863. - The cutters are set raoially in slots in a hollow
mandril, and a conical screw spindle is driven down between them,, expanding them to suit
a larger orifice.

Claim* — ^As an improved article of manufacture, an expanding screw tap, made with a
hollow body A, mortises A, nut-cutter £, conical screw spindle D, the nut e, and screw-head
C, alias herein shown and described.

No. 38,513.— James F. Stileman and Zabina Elus, of Philadelphia, Pa.— Improved
Melting and Smelting flaniace.— Patent dated May 12, 1863.— The improvjemont consists
in the application to a cupola of a box, with an opening through which may be discharged
tho slag or scoria which flows into the box from the furnace, and another opening through
which the molten metal is dischfi^rged from the box ; the object being to prevent the ac-
ottmulation of scoria or slag.

Clkim, — A box I, of any convenient form, with its opening m, through which the slag is
forced by the aid of the blast and tappine hole A, the whole being applied to a foundry cu-
pola or other furnace substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,514.- Daniel M. SwARTzand Jonathan Kreamer, of Millheim, Centre county,
Pa. — Improvement in Harvesten. — ^Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The improvement consists
in the method of guiding and operating the rear ends of the rake or reel handles, which is by
arc-shaped guides in which they have their vertical motion ; the guides being attached to the
revolving frame, to which also the rakes are pivoted.

Claim, — In combination with a horizontally revolving rake or reel, that has also a rising
and fallinff motion to accommodate itself to the platform and main frame, the frame A, with its
guides f , mr supporting and graiding the rear ends of the rake or reel stales or levers, sub>
atantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 38,515.— Philo Sylla, of Elgin, Kane county. III— -Improvement in Rakes for Har-
vestert. ~j?titent dated May 12, 1863. — The rake head is attached to the ends of two arms which
are revolved bv a positive motion. The rear and shorter arm is attached to the rear end of the
rake head, and the forward arm has a longitudinal motion in a slot in the rake head, or a
guide on it, so that while the motion of the rear end of the rake head is in a circle, the for-
ward end of tho head describes an irregular oval, and the resulting motion of the head is ap-
proximately direct across the width of the platform.

^ Claim. — ^First, operating a rake for a harvesting machine by means of two rotating cranks
of unequal lengths, and ooth driven by a positive motion, substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Second, the so combining, with a rake shaft or handle, of two rotating cranks of unequal
lengths, as that the said handle shall be united so as to move with the wrist pin of the snort
crank, whilst the wrist pin of the long crank traverses a slot ^r guide in or on said handle,
thus causing one end or said handle to move in a true cux:le, whilst the other end describes
an irregular ellipse, substantially as set forth.

Third, in combination with a rake driven by two rotating cranks of unequal lengths,
having each a positive motion given to it, the* setting of the crank shafts in a line oblique to
the line of the finger bar, or cutting line of the machine, substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

No. 38,516.— SABfUEL Taylor, of East Cambridge, Mass.- /mor<we<{ Warp Brushes.^
Patent dated May 12, 1863.— The bristles are arrang^ in a bent plate and retained therein
by a damp, while tho but ends are being dipped preparatory to being placed in the brush.

Claim. — ^The employment or use in the manufacture of brushes of a concave plate £, in
combination with a flat plate or strip F, for the purpose of holding the bristles while dipping
them in pitch or other suitable cement, substantially as herein shown and described.



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422 AHHUAL lEbBKKBT OF ¥BS



Traps, — Patent dated May 12, 1863. — ^The box of the sink is placed on a'tiltrng fitune so i

to discharge the water whe



No. 38^17.— Theodore B. Toorhees, of Ifew Toik, K. T.^tmprtwittmf tm ShA

^' • ^ - 12, 1863.— The box of the sink is placed on a (

len it has accumulated a certain weieht, and
made ana descriDed in tne claim for packing arotind the box and ]iibricatiB|^ tne joiaL

Claim, — In combination with the water-box of a sink, the rahre bottom F attached t« a
fhaft G, or its eqaiiralent, arranged substantiallj as shown, so that the Tatre bottom F will
descend or tilt under a giren weigpfat of water in the box, and retnm to its original doded
position when all over a given weight of water has escaped from the box.

Also, the employment or ose of the packing J K, applied to the valTO or bottom F of tht
box £, and to the bottmn edge of said box, for thepnrpoee specified.

Also, the lubricating arrangement composed ot the oil chamber g, groove s i i in fha
shall O, and the tube A, or its equivalent when combined and arranged witii a rink to
Dperate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,518.— WiLUAM E. Ward, of Port Chester, Westchester county, N. Y.— /mffwe-
mtut in Machines for Making Bd^.— Patent dated May 12, 1863.— This machinery is con-
structed for making bolts, which require a square shank, from cold iron. Square iron is
taken of the size of the shank required, the head swaged, and the part on which the screw
is to be cut drawn down to the required size by a pressure so applied as to nrevent the di»>
integration or splitting of the iron. The devices are described at length in the chum.

Ciaim. — In machinery for forming carriage and other like bolts from squara rods of iron,
forming the first set of grooves of the rollii^ dies for a portion of ^ir depth with Ifae ndes
square, that is, at right angles with the axis of the rollers, or neariy so, and having a mode
of operation such as nerein aescribed. in combination with other grooves of a sOBucucokit or
other equivalent form for the after rollings, substantially as described.

Also, the rolling dies with two or more sets of grooves, substantially as described, in com
bination with a sliding and rotating mandrel with jaws, snlMtantialiy as described ; the two
or more sets of grooves in the rolling dies acting in sni^^essicA on each blank, the mandrsl
being turned for each successive rolling, as described. ^

A&>, in combination with the griping jaws on the mandrel, the sli^g stop, operated sub-
stantially as herein described, for forcing and holding the inner face of the heod of tfaa
blank against the inner face of the griping jaws, as described ttid for the purpose specified.

Also, the sliding shield plate, suMtantially as described, in combination with the rolling
dies and the jaws on the mandrel, substantiaDy as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,519.— Nathaniel Watermak, of Boston, Mass.— Istpnsseit TaUe ITmiUr sr
7V«y.— Patent dated May 12, 1863.— This tray is made with a rim extending on three sides^
and on the other the rim is bent downwards to fit the edge of the table on wmch it is placed.

Cistm.— The improved trey made substantially as de^^bed.

No. 38,520.— Wm. Watkins, of Crete, WUl county, UL'-ImfTOvtmemt m Tools for Cm-
ting and Bevelling Barrel Heads.— FaUsnt issued May 12, 1863; antedated October II,
18&. — ^The adjustable pivot on the radial arms is centred on the barrel heodf and the stock
carrying the bevelling plane bit and the scribing cutter is revolved around the margin of the
barrelhead. «

Cfaiin.— The curved block D provided with the handle B and fitted with tooth E! and kaiie
H, when used in combination with the slotted arm C and adjusting screw pivot K, and o^
ated in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,521.— James Watt, of Bu£blo, N. Y.—Issyr&vement in UHlvnmg the WaaU Hemt
sf Puddling Furnaces in Generating ^toaia.- Patent dated May 12, I8b3.— The claim is
sufficiently explanatory.

Claim, — ^The location of the boiler at the end of the furnace and on a horixontal plane
therewith, so that the surplus heat and slag from the furnace may be directed into a fiie cham-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 67 of 164)