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equivalents, as herem described.

Sixth, the flexible non-elastic vulcanized India-robber tondons, substantially as described.

Seventh, the constant coaptation of the wearing surface of the joint with an axial bolt, by
means of yielding springs, in combination with tondons binding the parts together, in the
manner set forth.

Eighth, the bevelling of th^ groove/ in the ankle piece, to facilitate lateral motion of the
angle, as herein described.

No. 38,r>51.— James Blythe, of Lafayette, Tippecanoe county, Indiana.— /nifrovsd Bed
Bottom.— Patent dated May 19, 1863.— This improvement consists of a pair of longitudinal
and a cross pair of transverse bands, attached to their appropriate head, foot, and sides by
eyelet screw, snap, and buckle, to form a bed bottom for mattresses.

Claim,— The application and combination of the buckle D and the strap C to the band X,
the press-snap B, and eye-screw A, in manner as above described, by ana through which the
bands forming the bed-gearing are attached to the bedstead, and con readily be faetened and
unfastened.

No. 38,552.— John Boles, 2d, of Boston, VLom.— Improvement in Truss Bridges.-^
Patent dated May 19, 1863. — The tmss is formed with an arched beam, upper and lower
chords, vertical ties, and a double series of concentric and overlapping cii'cular braces.

Claim, — ^The combination and arrangement of the top and botcom chords, vertical tie-rods,
and overlapping or overlapping and intorlocking annuli, as described.

Also, the combination and arrangement of tne top and bottom chords, vertical tie-rod^
overlapping or ovcrlappmg and interlocking annuli and an arched beam, the whole being
snbstantiaUy as described and represented.

No. 38,553.— Eli Brazelton, of St. Louis, VLo.— Improvement in Centrifugal Pumps.—
Patent dated May 19, 186:<. — ^This centrifugal pump consists of a vertical propeller wheel,
rotating in a cylinder, with a double casing of concentric cylinders above, between which is
the discharge, and within the inner one of which is the supply fed through a pipe and orifice
in the outer one. The peculiarity of the invention consists m a water lock, which forms a
kind of a joint, to prevent leakage across from supply to discharge, without taking the
course through the wheel which delivers the water on the upper side near its peripherj^.

Claim. — ^Tbe water- lock j k in combination with the revolving disk B of a centrifugal
pump, constracted and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein
shown and described

Also, the arrangement of the outer casing A and inner cylinder D with respect to each
other, so that the inner casing forms a part of the water-way, being connected with the sup-
ply pipe through the outer casing, as sno¥m and described.

Also, the arrangement of a vertical propeller wheel B having an onnnlsr opening extend-
ing all aronnd on the periphery of the top side of the wheel for th& upward or veraeal dii-
elttrge of the watar tbrongh a w»ter-ir»y In Uke outer caaing, at tpeeiiM. ^



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4^ AHNUAL REPORT OF THB

No. 38,554.— JLndrew Briggs, of Lawrence, UMs.—hi^roved Compo§iH&ufor WMing
5t«eZ.— Issued May 19, 1863; antedated Aogost 8, 1862.— Tlie composition is formed c7
borax 5 oz., sal ammoniac li oz., pnissiate of potash i os., claj i oz., rosin i oi., alcoliol
i pint,^ater i pint ; mix and bring to a heat sufficient to boil. In using, sprinkle it on the
iteel to be weioed, then heat and haouner as usuaL

Claim. — ^The composition of matter consisting of the above-named ingredients, substan*
tially as described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,555.— Edward T. Briggs, of Salem, Essex county, Mass.— /mjnvee^i Windew
Shade Fixture.'-PAtexi^ dated Ma^ 19, 1863.— The object of this inv^tion is to construct a
window shade winding roller, which shall, on the downward draught of the shade, draw upon
a spring, which shall oe sufficient to wind it up when the weight is removed ; this is accom-
plished by placing within a hollow roller, which is suspended at both ends, in the usual po-
sition relativelj to the window, a central axis made fast at one end to the point of suspen-
sion on the frame and at the other to a permanent disk in the roller; to this shaft near the
said disk Uiere is attached a spiral spring, which ag^n is fast to a disk traversing in a thread
on the central axis ; around this thread is another spiral spring, and following it a loose disk
impinging on a stationanr disk, so that as the roller is forcibly rotated ue springs are
brought into action, and the force being removed their recpil re-winds the shade.

€&m, — The stationary block B, shaft a, helical sprint e, and revolving nul £, in combi-
nation with the screw-thread e, shaft a, beUcal spring t, loose revolving disk F, and station-
ary nut H, the several parts being constructed and arranged to operate in the manner and
for the purpose set forth.

Ko. 38,556.— George N. Bruster, Factoryville, Tioga county, N. Y.—hnprovement in
Alarm LocAu.— Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^This lock is so arranged that when locked if
any attempt be made on the knob or by key from without an alarm will be sprung. The
alarm lever is so connected with the cross-head on the shaft of the door-knob, and abo with
the }ever operated by the impact of the key, that any motion through either source, the
handle or the key, will spring the alarm.

Claim, — Combining an alarm lever L with a lock in such a manner that it can be operated
upon the key of said lock through the medium of either siuffle or double sets of lever and
shding connexions, substantially in the manner herein set fOTth.

Also, arranging the rocking lever U and slidine arm V, or their equivalents, in such a po-
sition relatively to the latcb-m)lt F and lock-bolt G of any suitable lock, as that the outward
and inward movements of the lock-bolt will respectively connect and disconnect the alarm
lever with the latch-bolt.

Also, combining with each other the several parts and movements of an alarm lock as
hereinbefore described, when said parts or movements are formed and arranged substantially
in the manner and for the pArpose herein set forth.

No. 38,557.— Lewis Ross Budd, of Oskaloosa, Mehaska county, Iowa. — hnprowment
in Percussion Cap Holder for Priming Ftfe-«rms.— Patent dated May 19, 1863.— This in-
vention consists of two circular disks, one fast to the handle and the other rotating on a cen-
tral bolt ; to the moving disk is attached an elastic annular slotted band ; the caps are fixed
in an annular space around the interior of the chamber and fed to the discharging orifice by
the motion of the movable disk, whence^ they are extracted by being pressed upon the nipple
of the gun and gently withdrawn.

Claim, — ^A revolving cap-setter, arranged and operating as herein described and for the
purposes set forth.

No. 38,558. — ^Alonzo Burnham, of Montague, Franklin county, Mass. — Improvement in
Animal Trap, — ^Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^This trap consists of two chamoers, with a
gravitating door between ; in the outer one is a revolvhig trapper on a horizontal axis, which
£b actuated by a spring and made to revolve so as to bring one of its winffs to bear on the
catch by which it is reta'med. An animal coming in at the door and stcppmg on the trig^r
releases the trapper, and its motion drives the, animal towards the inner chamber, into which
it escapes by the aperture, and the trapper being again retained by the catch is ready for an-
other victim.

Claim. — An improved trap, havina^ its rotary trapper D, the'chamber C thereof, the sweep m
at the front of such chamber, the entrance passage or passages /, the catch lever n, and the
auxiliaxy trapping chamber B, with the throat </, and gravitatinc^ gate or door e, couibined
or arranged and made in manner and so as to operate substantiaUy as hereinbefore specified.

No. 38,559.— James E. Cheney, of Rochester, N. Y. ^Improvement in Filter and Cooler
Combined, — ^Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^It consists of an outer tub, with an inner cham-
ber, with the intervenmg space filled with filtering material ; the top of the upper chamber
has a pan fitting into it and upon it a lid ; a cover surmounts the wnole. A fi»ucet and pipe
a£ford communication with the inner chamber for draYring water.



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COlfmBSIONEB OF PATENTS. 429

CMm.— A iMcrroir, open at the top end extending tbrongfa the packing, having In com-
bination therewith the (an C, the pan cover D, the oater cover £, and the air space interme-
diate between the said covers, all as and for the purposes shown and described, ^

No. 38,560.— 5bth L. Cole, of Burlington, Yi.— -Improved Apparatus for Distilling Pine
Woody ^.—Potent dated Maj 19, 1863.— The apparatus consists of a furnace retort, a basket
frame to contain blocks of wood to be placed in the retort and the cover luted down ; then bj
the application of heat the turpentine is distilled immediately from the wood, condensed in
the remgerator, and collected; the tar exudes at the bottoni pipe of the retort.

C/atM.— The above-described apparatus, as described and set fortl^ in the drawings and
specifications, fbr extracting the oil or spirits of turpentine directlj fi'om wood hj means of
a furnace arranged and combined with a retort, a gas receiver, refrigerator and condensers, a
distilling or refimng apparatus, and skeleton cjllnder or iron basket in which the wood is
placed and conveyed mto the retort The several parts of said apparatus to be used in
combination with each other for the purpose of extracting oil or spirits of turpentine directly
from wood, and saving the residuum or tar from the same, in the manner and as set forth and
represented in the drawings hereto attached and substantially as described in the above speci-
fi^uktions.

Also, the retort with the open cone-shaped bottom, constructed and operating as herein set
forth and described.

No. 38,561.— Robert Cornelius, of Philadelphia, V^.—Improvement in Gas TUguU'
tors, — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The gas enters at one end of the chamber, and in seek-
ing an exit presses upon a puppet valve which is suspended over the exit paisage in a raised
valve seat; the stem of this valve passes down and rests upon a diaphragm plate of mica
of sufficient elasticity to bend under accumulative pres.sure and partially close the opening
by the proximity of the valve to its seat, impeding the flow of gas ; on the pressure being
removed the mica is restored to its level plane ana the exit pas8a<]fe for the gas enlarged.

C/aim.— The employment in gas resplators of a thin mica disk or plate which operates by
its elasticity to reg^nlate the passage of gas.

No. 38,562.— Robert Cornelius, of Philadelphia, Th.^Improvement in Lighting Gas
kg f^ecfnctty.- Patent dated May 19, 1863.— The a{)paratus consists of a metallic bell lined
with fur or wool and with a hard rubber handle ; also an interior bell-shaped piece of hard
mbber with a metallic pedestal and foot The act of raising the metallic bell generate
frictional electricity, and the bell being brought into contact with the insulated chain attached
to the burner develops a spark over the latter, thus lighting the gas.

Claim, — First the combination of the cylindrical or bell-shaped metallic piece A, the
cylindrical or bell-shaped hard rubber piece C, and the fur or woollen lining of the metallic
piece arranged and operating as above described.

Second, Uie employment of a combination of silk and fur to form a lining to this metallic
piece C.

Third, 'the combination of the metallic bell-shaped or cvlindrical piece A, the bell-shaped
or cylindrical hard rubber or non-conducting piece C, and the metallic foil or its equivalent
within the same, and the fur or woollen lining of the metallic piece A.

Fourth, the connexion of the metallic bell A with the pedestal D, at the outer drcum-
ferenoe of the pedestaL

No. 38,563.— Robert Cornelius, of Philadelphia, FtL^Jmprovement in Lighting Gas
hjf £(eefmiftt.— Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^Tnis electrophorus xsonsists of two metallic
tubes with closed outer ends united at their open ends with a central hub of hard rubber
making a single tube, in which a smaller enclosed tube slides longitudinally. The lining of
the metallic tubes is of wool and silk, and the inner gliding tube is made of metal with a
rubber outer casine. The lighting point is attached near Uie burner by an insulator, and
the chain at the other extremity bv an insulating thread. The inner cylinder is caused to.
move in the air-tight outer tube, and to generate frictional electricity, which by contact with
the chain produces a spark at the lighting point above the burner.

Claim, — First A double electrophoma substantially as above described for lighting gas
and other inflammable materials.

Second, an air-tiffht electrophorus constructed and operating substantially as above.

Third, the metalhc tube wim the interior sliding piece, substantially as above described.

Fourth, the non-conducting piece B, for uniting the metallic tubes A and A'.

No. 38,564.— Zephaniah B. Cotant, of Greenwich Station, Huron county, Ohio.— Im-
provement in Apparatus for Clipping Bolts and Bivets, — Patent dated 'Mav 19, 1863. — This
consists of a pair of jaws, one member on the end of a lever or handle, and the other jointed
thereto, being operated bv a cam lever which has its bearings in links from the joint of the
jaws and a stirrup from the under tide of the lower jaw, the latter being acyustable by a
•crew to rerulate the length of the movement.

CtoMi.— In combinatkm with the jaws B and E, the sUrrup H and screw K, for the pur-
pose tat forth.



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430 ANNUAL EEPOBT OP THB

Also, the general constniction and arrangement of devices doBcribed forming tlie isqiroirad
^bolt and rivet clippers or cutters.

No. 38,565.— George Cowing, of Seneca Falls, N. Y.— Improvement in Machine far
Finieking MetaUie Sur faeces. — Patent dated May 19, 1863.— This machine consists of a series
of joint^ tubes which carry withjn them rollers and bands to operate a finishing wheel ai
the end of the serie^ The machine may be fastened by its base to the floor, side, or ceiling,
and doubled back, or introduced mto any positi<m so as to impinge upon the desired surface.

Claim. — The series of joints and pulleys, as described, in combination with a swivel <Nr
BwiveU, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 38,566.— William Joseph CURTia, of Tufnel Park Road, Holloway, Middlesex,
England. — Improved Screw Propeller* — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — The propeller is in-
cluded in a space between the stem post and the rudder, and the rear bearing of the pro*
poller is in the rudder, which is enabled to move freely on its bearings by the end or the
•crew shaft being attached by a* compound joint witbn the hollow b<^s to which the
propeller arms are attached. The axis of the rudder and the centre of gravity and of
vibration of the screw are coincident.

Claim.— Hhe arrangement of the compound joint within the hollow boss of the propeller,
substantially as herein shown and described.

No. 38,567.— Celadon L. Daboll, of New I^ondon, Conn.—Improved Wick Tubes far
Lamp Burners.— Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^This tube is made of a flat piece bent over
80 as to form edges within which a straight piece fastened at its lower end may move so as
to spring inward with a definite pressure against the wick. The enclosing piece has its sides
prolonged so 'as to form bearings for the shaft of the wick raiser.

Claim, — ^The form and manner of constructing the tobe for lamp burners for kerosene and
other oils and fluids, as substantially set forth in the above specihcation.

No. 38,568.— Lionel Tobert d'Epineuil, of Paris, France, and James M. Letts, oi
Washington, D. C — Improvement in Iron Street Crossings. — ^Patent dated May 19, 186^3, —
The invention consists in constructing the ditch at the intersections of streets with a
metallic lining at bottom in a base of masonry and a grated metallic covering. The end
lor the flow ot water, ^., is grated to exciude large refuse and the lower end is left open.

Claim. —The construction of street crossings, combmiug for the purpose the ditch D D,
and the grooved and perforated metal plates pp py xa the manner and for the purpose
herein described.

No. 38,569.— Richard B. Douty, of Shamokin, Northumberland county, 'P8L'~Improv&-
ment in Coal Screens. — Patent dated May J 9, 1863. — The bars of this screen are tapeied.

Claim. — As an improved article of manufac'nie a screen having its bars A of taper form
longitudinally or in tne direction of their length, as herein set foith.

No. 38,570.— John Du Bois, of Williamsport, F(i,—Improveme$U in Machines for Driv-
ing Pt7c«.— Patent issued May 19, 186:3; antedated Mav 13, 1863.— A double-socketed cap
\f> placed upon tho pile, whose upper end occupies the lower socket, and a plug to receive
the blow upon tbo upper socket, the extending fianges of the socket moving in guides on
the uprights of the machine.

Claim. — The doable conical-shaped socket and head to protect and guide the pile while
being driven, in the manner and For the purpose specified.

Also, the arrangement, mode of securing and operatingr the socket punch E for driving
piles below the surface, substantially in the manner as herein set forUi.

No. 38,571.— John Du Bois, of Williamsport, Vs^—Imvrovement in Meial-PlaUd Shoe
far^Carriages. — Patent issued May 19, 1863 ; antedated May 15, 1863. — ^The improvement
consists of a broad shoe or runner, on which the fore and hind wheels of a carriage or
wagon are placed to prevent their sinking while traversing miry places.

C'/atm.— The flanges b b and their fastenings, clamps c c and keys e e, when combined
with a broad nmner, and constructed to operate substantially as described and for the pur-
poses set forth.

No. 38,572. — ^Jagob Ely, of Manheim, Lancaster county. Pa. — Improved Window Sash
Fastener. — Patent dated May 19, 18^3. — ^This improvement consists in a slotted plate to be
fastened to the casing of the window, having in its rear a tumbler actuated by a spring; the
tooth of the tumbler passing through the plate engages with holes in the stile of the wmdow
sash, and the tumbler is retracted at will by a plunger at the side.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and construction of the oblong plate A with its flanks or
brackets a a and 6 b. attached flat-spring £ in combination with the bolt B, mode and held
bv a pivot between b 6, having either a straight arm C or elbowed arm C C, with a thumb-
plate D, and operated by a flat spring E resting on the arm C, in the manner fuid for th«
purposes specified.



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ooumm(^wi of patbnts. 431

No. 36,573. - JoflK Farbel, id New Tork, N. Y.^immr^temmt in &(/««.— Patent datecl
Hay 19, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making the plates or sicles of safes of alternate
•tripe of hard and sofi metal narrower than the diameter of the hit or boring tool, so as to^
liotim an ohttade to the forcible entry by means of drills, which will, under the pressure re*
quired to penetrate the harder material, become imbedded in the softer, and 4£eok the bi^
•fainst the saUeot edges of the chilled iron or steel

CUim, — The method of rendering safes, chests, or vault doors burglar-proof by plates or
blocks composed of alternate strips or bits of hard and soft metal, arranged substantially as
herein described, so as to resist the action ef drills or other cutting instruments, on the prin-
ciple herein specified.

Ko. 38,574.— J<«V Edvamds, of New Tork, N. Y.-^h^^rwemmU im flolU for LmdU$'
£Uitr.— Patent dated May 19, 1863.— This roll is made with tapering ends, and is stiffened
by a wire.

CUkim, — A hair roll tapering towards its ends and having a wire or its equivalent within,
#id>staiitially as dtseribeo*

No. 88,575.— Dakiel Fitzgeiuu), of New York, N. Y.—Jmprwement in Biers.— Patent
dated May 19, 1863. — ^This consists of a frame and lowering straps, worked simultaneously
by gearing to lower a coffin evenly into a grave.

Claim, — First, tbo combination of the two side windlasses, placed opposite, sustaining at
each end one strap C, and geared to move with perfect equality, so that the coffin may not
lum over but be lowered safely into the grave, in the manner substantially as above descrihed.

Second, disengaging the two cross straps, at one side, by unfastening them and drawing
them up on the ot&r side by continued turning of the crank, in the manner described.

Third, the adjustable pulleys F on the shaft, adapting the bier to a long or a short coffin,
eoaslracted suMtantiaUy as above described.

No. 38,576.— Samuel H. Folsom, of East Cambridge, Middlesex county, Mass.— isi*
frovtmuit in Shears for Clipping Horses. — Patent dated May 19, 18G3. — This invention con*
sists of a pair of shears, to which a supporting back and ^uide is attached, so as to enable
the operator to shear close and preserve the hair of a Uniterm length, the comb supporting
and holding the hair nearly to the point where it is cut.

Claim, — fhe shears in combination with back and guide B and comb d, which are made
to operate substantially in the maaner specified.

No. 38,577.— WiLLUM Gee, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Apparalnsfor Oraw
img Soda IFotor.— Patent dated May 19, 1863.— The invention consists of a double valve, so
arranged as to have a small hole to draw enough water and with force to mix well the simp,
then a large hole to fill the glass without the aid of a second glass or vessel.

Claim, — A. valve B, and parts A D E F, and opening C, in combination with valve U
and its parts ; forming a douole soda-water valve, for the purpose herein described.

No. 38,57a— John B. Gbormlet, of BeUefontaine, OUo.-^la^rovement in CaUU
Pumps. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The water is pumped by the vibration of the plat-
form upon which the watering troughs are placed, the platform being occupied and traversed
by (he stock while seeking water or drinking.

C^oim.— The combination and arrangement of the vibrating or swinging platform C,
troughs F F', pump H, pipe or s^ut q, and conducting spoqts r r', substantially as herein
described and for the purpose ^>ecified.

No. 38,579.— John QniBfl, of Brooklyn, E. D. N. Y.-^lmprowment in Fixtures for ITtn-
dow Carftfiics. —Patent issued May 19, 1863; antedated March 18, 1862. — ^This invention is
nsed to hold and lighten the cords by which the window curtain is operated, and consists of
a fixed piece attached to the casing, a slide which moves therein, and a gravitating ddlent
which projects a flange through boiUi the sliding and the fixed pieces to retain them in their
relative positions.

Claim.— The combination of the fixed plate 1, slide 2, carrying the pulley, and detent 4
extending through the slide 2 into or against the plate 1, the whole being constructed and
operating substantially as herein above set forth.

No. 38,580.— Isaac Qreoo, of Fittsbura^, Tt^— Improvement in Machines for Heating
VnUmpered Clap for Bricks and Ti^es.— Patent issued May 19, l-:^3 ; antedated April 9,
1862. — ^The day is fed into a oyllnder through a hopper, and gradually fed to the discharging
point at the other end bv a revolving spiral flange on a central shaft. A furnace and flue
underneath the cylinder heat the contents.

CUUm. — The heating of crude or untempered day, pveparatoiy to its being pressed into
bricks, tiles, or other articles made of clay, by means of an apparatus A, consisting of a
cylindrical box a and spiral i, or their equivalents, constructed and operated as described,
•nbstantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.



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432 AVNUAL BEFOBT OF TBA

No. 38,581.— LowRE Green, of Great Bend, Stuqnehanna coiintj, Fa.— /mfrroveiiMiif is
Ploughs.— Fe^ni dated Maj 19, 1863.— -The improvemenU are in the construction of the
▼plough : let, the stud between the main frame and monld-board ; 2d, the locking arrange-
ments of the cutter at its upper and lower ends ; 3d, the general arrangement in which uie
main frame furnishes points of attachment for all the working parts.

Claim, — ^First, the brace-rod b, cast solid on the extension bead or midn frame G, and bar*
ing its opposite end provided with a dovetail to fit into the socket 6' on the inside of the



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