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mould-board D, as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the coulter J provided with the slot O and bolt Y in its upper end, and the lugs
d near its lower end for receiving and holding the point of the share o when used in com-
bination with said share 8.

Third, the arrangement and combination of the extension bead or main frame A, mould-
board D, share S, coulter J' , lugs d^ brace-rod i, and slot S^ as and for the purposes set
forth.

No. 38,582.— Perrt Harder, of Danville, Montour county, Pa.— ImjmwMJ Comfontum
for Pavements, Jfc. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — Composed as follows : forty gallons coal
tar ; twenty pounds mineral paint or pulverized iron ore *, half a bushel dry slacked lime, to
an equal amount of coal ashes or iron cinders. This is spread on the ground and sprinkled
over with sand and cinders which are rolled in till it will absorb no more, when it is left todiy.

Claim. — ^The composition for pavements, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 38,583.— James.Higoiks, of 59th regiment, Blinois Tolunteers.- Imjmwmieitftii Vemp-
latiug Ton Piece for Teiitf.- Patent dated May 19, 1863.— The invention consists of a cen-
tral pipe for the apex of tents for ventilation or for the passage of a stove-pipe, and is sup-
ported by flanges which cat^h into sockets on the tent poles.

Claim. — ^The cylinder or pipe, in combination with the flanges, socket staples, tenons and
sockets and hoop, for the support and ventilation of and a flue for stove-pipes and tents, sub-
stantially as set forth in the specifications.

No. 38,584.— George F. Johnson, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Loeomotiva
Bot^f.— Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The invention consists in injecting a jet of steam firom
the rear of the fire-chamber towards the fire-box.

Ctoim.— A jet or jets of steam introduced into the combustion chamber of a coal-burning
locomotive boiler at the rear of the said chamber, when the jet or jets are directed toward the
fijre-box, as set forth, for the purposes specified.


No. 38,585.— John L. Kite, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to James S. Mason A Co.,
of same place. — Improvement in Metal Boxes. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The strip has
two longitudinal slits near one end and the strip between raised to form a staple ; a portion
of the hoop at the other end is partially severed by a transverse cut, and this is inserted into
the aforesaid staple to complete the circle of the hoop.

C/aim.^^onnecting toother the ends of a metal strip A by a. tongue 6, formed at one end
of the strip, into a stapfe-like projection <f, formed on the opposite end of Uie strip, substanti-
ally as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,586.— Ernest J. Knowlton, of Lyon, Oakland county, Mich.— /mjHwemeaf mi
Ladders. — Patent dated May 19, 1863.— This ladder consists of two sides with single post
extension with hounds pivoted upon the upper round and the central post extending so as to
lap upon the second round from the top wnere the single post is extended in line with the
double. The upper or single post is provided with rounds and is capable of being bent over
so as to form a letter A supported laader. A two-legged table is so constructed Uiat the top
may lie upon one round, while the legs are stepped upon the round below.

Claim. — First, the adjustable single-footed standard a, pins r, braces 6, and pin d, in con-
nexion with the front part i t, substantially as and for the purposes described.

Second, the table A, with the cleats j and n, and furcated 1^ k, substantially as and for
the purposes described.

Third, the variations made by the two top rounds d and m, both fitting loosely in the sides
1 1, and the second m, being placed about one inch one side of the line of the remaining rounds.

Fourth, a joint in the centre of the ladder formed by the adjustability of the two upper
rounds of lower part d and m, and the lapping of the notch/, at the lower end of the extend-
ing part a, on to the third round g, ^

No. 38,587.— H. R. Ladd, of -Orwell, Ashtabula county, Ohio.— lfii;m>oeiiieiif in Ckums.-^
Patent dated May 19, 1863.— The revolver dasher consists of four arms on each end with con-
necting bars and radial slats passing from the latter to the sleeve endosinff the axial shaft
which IS introduced endwise into the side of the chum and screws into a soclet in the sleeve.

Claim,— The shaft D, sleeve G, arms J, and ban K, when used in conU>ination wiUi the
beaters L and M, these several parts befiig constructed, arranged, and operated as and for
the purpose set forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 42t)S

No. 38»588.— Harmon W. Ladi\ of New York, N. Y.-^TmpravMunt in the Mant^actmf^
qf Imitation Gilt Mouldings.—Toieut dated May 19, 1863.— Explained by the claim.

Claim, — ^The method herein described of producing foil-covered mouldings, which methods
consists in having each sheet or piece of foil made to cover the entire face of the moulding;
then pressing and stretdiing the foil upon the moulding, and then pressing the foil with
quicksilver, all in the manner herein described.

No. 38,589. — John Liohtpoot, of Accrington, Lancashire, England.— /m»rot>«mcnt in
Dyeing and Printing a Black Color on Fabrics with Aniline Compounds, — Patent dated
May 19, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the production of a black dye by staining the
fabric with an aniline salt mixed with metallic salts as a mordant. To a gallon of water add
four ounces chlorate potash and a combination of aniline and hydrochlonc acid ; to this add
a pint of acetic acid, and eight measured ounces of porchloride of copper, and four ounces
sal ammoniac Steep the faoric in this solution, wnn^ out, and dry. The rapid develop-
ment of the black may be hastened by processes descnoed in the specification.

Claim.-^The use of certain metallic salts, or their oxides, as herem stated, either alone or
combined with chlorate of potash, and then mixed with a salt or salts of aniline, or any anal-
ogous homologous or isomeric compounds, either singly or mixed together, as well as the
process or senes of processes, as previously described, for the production of a black dye or
stain. ,

No. 38,590. — ^E. R. Longhead, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Machines for Bor-
ing and Mortising Blind StUes. — Patent issued May 19, 1863; antedated December 11,
1861. — ^This machine is intended to bore the holes in the stiles for the slats of Venetian shut
teiB or louvree. The bit has a reciprocating as well as an oblique vertical motion, so as to
make two rows of holes at dififerent heights relatively to the stile which is fed along on its
edge. A cutter revolving on an inclined shaft removes the wood included between the holes
and fbrms a mortise.

CUUm, — Furst, forming by machinery oblique mortises in blind stiles, &c., by the conjoint
operation of a boring bit and a rotating cutting tool, substantially as specified.

Second, communicating to the boring bit G a horizontal reciprocating motion in connexion
with an oblique vertical motion by means of the reciprocating guide frame H' and guides H,
iB the manner sabstantially as specified, for the purpose of boring a double row of holes, as
set forth.

No. 38,591.— Curtis O. Luce, of Brandon, Yt,^Improvement in 5Aat«5.— Patent dated
Hay 19, 1863. — The foot is supported upon plates pivoted to the blade and retained by straps
which lie in recesses in the plate and are pierced by pins projecting upwards from the plates
which keep them from shifling.

Claim. — First, the recesses dd in the upper surface of the plate C in combination with the
strap-holes c and spurs e, substantially as and fcnr the purposes herein specified.

Second, the heel-strap H and heel-plate F when u^ed in connexion with the adjustable
plate C and the straps £ £^ for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,592. — ^Wm. A.'Hack, of Seville, Medina county, Ohio. — Improvement im Sewing
Machines. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — The improvement consists in the method of attach-
ing the upright and horizontal pivoted levers by which the shuttle is actuated so as to have
a motion and be capable of extension at the joints as the ends of the levers move in arcs.
The shuttle is actuated by the horizontal pivoted lever and moves in a curved and angular
trough. The feed wheel is actuated by a shaft and gripe wheel, on which latter is a gnpper
whicQ receives an intermittent motion from a lever which is vibrated by a crank on the main
shaft

Claim. — First, the universal joint formed by the union of the arms J and K with the socket
L, these several parts being constructed, arranged, and operated as and for the purpose
specified.

Second, the shuttle N in combination with the carved shuttle race M, having an angular
trough, when both the shuttles are constructed, arranged, and operated substantially as set
forth.

Third, the aim P', gripe P, spring R, and wheel O^ when these pcu^ are constructed, ar-
ranged, and operated substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 38,593.— Isaac B. Mahon, of Marion, Ohio.^Improvement in Cii/tiva/ors.— Patent
dated May 19, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the beams and handles, which are made of fiat
bars of the shape and construction indicated in the claim and illustration.

Claim. — ^The constraction and arrangement of the bars A A and B placed vertically edge-
wise and welded together at their front ends, and braced by a thin cross-bar C placed verti*
eally edgewise, in combination with the forked handle braces G G, each formed in one piece,
in tne manner and* for the purposes herein specified.

No. 38,594.— Wm. N. Manning, of Rockport, Uass,^ Improvement in Escapements.^
Patent issued May 19, 1863; antedated Februaiy 28, 1662.— The teeth on the escape wheel

H. Ex. Doc. 60 28 *



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434 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

pass thrnagh obilqae notches in the edges of the circular pallets and are temporarily detained
W contact with the faces of the pallets, which are attached to an. oscillating vertical balance
snafu

Claim, — The employment of the obliquely notched disks C C i? combination with each
other and with the balance-whoel staff b ana escape-wheel A, in the manner and for the pur-
pose herein shown and described.

No. 38,595.— Ernst Marx, of New York, N. Y, —Improvement in Patient Elevators:—
Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a vertically adjustable suspended
frame, with a raising section for the support of the body in an inclined position and a falling
section for the change of posture of the lower limbs ; it also has an arrangement of movable
straps, &,c., for the purpose of raising the patient to adjust the bed and other appliances re-
citea in the claim.

Claim. — First, a patient elevator consisting of a rising and falling frame A, with head-
piece E, and foot-piece D, standards C, endless screw ^, worm wheel/, and adjustable straps
F, all combined and operating in the manner shown and described.

Second, the toothed sectional arc /* and pinion l\ in combination with the head-piece E
and frame A, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purposes specified.

Third, the employment or use of the strap carrier G in combination with the removable
straps F and elevating frame A, constructed and operating substantially as.emd for the pur-
pose described.

No. 38,596.— J. B. McCormick, of St. Louis, Mo. — Improvement in Harvesters. — ^Patent
dated May 19, 1863. — The improvements are, firstlv, in the rake arms, which are made ex-
tensible through slots in the central rake-shaft, and which work in a concave platform upon
which the gram falls from the cutters ; and, secondly, in a series of fixed inclined bars to
which the wheat is passed from the platform by the revolving rake, and where it is automati-
callv drawn into a gavel by the teeth on the transversely moving endless belt and presented
to the binder. *

Claim. — First, a reel for harvesters provided with one or more sliding rake-heads E, oper-
ated substantially as shown, or in any ec^uivalent way, in combination with a curved or con-
cave platform C, endless apron H, and bmder*s platform S, as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the fixed inclined bars r placed over tne apron H, the teeth o on said apron, in
combination with the binder's platform J, arranged as'and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,597.-— RUFUS Nutting, of Randolph, Orange county, Yt— Improvement in Car-
fioffe Hold-back. — Patent dated Mav 19, 1863. — This bold-back hook is made so as to be
adjusted back and forth on the shafts or tongue of the carriage to adapt it to the different
lengths of horses so as to place them in their proper relative places witn regard to the car-
ria^. It consists of a hook-plate and spring, ana fits into holes in a plate which is attadied
to the under side of the tongue or shafts.

Claim, — ^First, the adjustable hold-back A I K F and H, or its equivalent, in combination
with the spring B, or its equivalent, for thills or shafts, for the use of one-horse teams or
poles for two-horse teaiis, substantially as described.

Second, the chafe-plate D, or its equivalent, in combination with the hold-back A I K F
and H, substantially as described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,598.— Wm. P. Patton, of Harrisburg, Vs^.— Improved Carpet Nail or TarJc.—
Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^This tack is formed of a piece of sheet metal by punching
out two sides of a Y-shaped plate and allowing the tongue to extend downwards to form the
shank and point.

C/<iifi}.— The construction of carpet tacks of sheet metal, substantially in the manner
herein set forth and described.

No. 38,599.— Israel Peck, of Southold, N. Y., and Wm. H. H. Glover, of New York,
N. Y. ^Improvement in Presses, — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The apparatus consists of a
revolving table with press boxes having perforated sides and placed in recesses around its
circumference. Beneath the table is a stationary trough whose sides agree in the curvature
of the table ; the bottoms of the boxes Are pivoted for discharging the contents and rest upon
ribs projecting up from the bottom of the trough ; as the table is revolved the boxes are filled
and brought serially under a suitable pressure.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of rotating boxes, constructed substantially as and for the
purposes set forth, with a press and trough, as above specified.

Second, the employment of the boxes e^ as above described, having a bottom constructed
and used as set forth, and with double sides, the interior being perforated, all as herein made
known.

No. 38,600.— Treat T. Prosser, of Fond du Lac, Wia,— Improved Stopper for Fruit
Jars. — Patent dated Mav 19, 1863.— This stopple is introduced inside the mouth of the jar,
and consists of a pair of flanged metallic disks of the shape of a segment of a sphere and



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 435

fitted base to base ; around tbeir ed^es is an elastic rinf^, and a pressure being applied to
these disks expands their circumference and presses the ring against the in^ides of the
jar.

Claim, — ^First, the two uniform elastic metallic disks, flanges a a, and shoulders $ i, in
combination with the quadrangular elastic ring r, the whole operated bj the nut c and screw
6, substantiallj as set forth.

Second, the stopple, as above described, in combination with a jar, can, or other yessel
having a slightly conical or flaring mouth, as set forth.

No. 38,601.— James B. Rankin, of Astoria, Queens county, N. Y. — Improvement im
Carria06 Covers.— Fatent issued May 19, 1863 ; antedated April 2, 1863. — ^This cover is sus-
pendedfrom a frame above the carriage seat, and is raised by a number of cords running in
pulleys, and secured at different points on the lower edge of tne cover.

Claim. — ^The suspended cover, constructed substantially as described, and provided with
cords and pulleys, all arranged to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,602.— Jacob Reese, of Pittsburg, Ftk.^Improvement in OU Stills, — ^Patent dated
May 19, 1863. — ^The invention consists^ in the method of mounting the still upon the trans-
verse brick partition walls, so that the joints of therin^ shall not be exposed to the fire, while
the vapor is collected in separate chambers, each provided with a goose-neck, and the cham-
'bers separated by partitions which ^tend down oelow the oil level.

Claim, — The use of partition fire-walls in still furnaces, each havinp^ a gutter or air-flue in
its upper surface, so situate in relation to the still th%t the seams or jomts of the still shall be
situate over the gutter or flue, while the wall on either side of the gutter is in close contact
with the surface of the still, in the manner and for the purposes hereinbefore described.

Also, the use, in combination with the guttered fire-walls enclosing the joints of the still, of
sir^flues, for the purpose of passing a current of cool air along and over so much of the joint
and rivets of stills as are situate in that part of the still wnich is situate within the fire-
cfaamber of the iumaco, and thereby preventing the opening of the joints, and carrying off
any oil which ma^ileak from the still.

Also, the Tise ot two or more goose-necks in a single still, where the still is so constructed
as that a separate vapor space is formed for each goose-neck, while the fluid distillate is al-
lowed to pass freely between the compartments thus formed.

Also, the use, in stills, of partitions extending below the lowest level of the fluid to be dis*
tilled, so as to separate the vapor in each compartment from that in the adjoining compart-
ments, and afford a free passage between the compartments of the fluid to be distilled, tor tho
I>un>ose of allowing of the use of two pr more goose-necks or vapor pipes in one still, substan -
tially as described.

No« 38,603.— George M. Rhoades, of East Hamilton, Madison county, N. Y.— /mproee-
ment in Afi/ZPtcA^.-Patent issued May 19, 1863; antedated December 14, 1662.— The head,
of this pick is constructed in two parts, with a depression to receive a blade and rings to retain,
the parts in position. A leather protecting shield is attached to the handle.

Claim, — ^The above-described mill pick as a new article of manuflMsture, said pick being
provided with the tapering sectional head, the nipple and rings, and the arms for the shielc^
cooBtructed, adjustable, and used in the manner and for the purposes specified.

No. 38,604.— Wafne H. Rice, of Wmdsor, CouTk,'— Improvement in Self-loading Firer
arms. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — 'the magazine occupies a chamber under the barrel, like a;
ramrod case, and the cartridges are fbd down into the chambered breech-piece, which slLdea-in a.
vertical slot at the rear of the barrel. The motion is given bv the downward retraction of
the lever-guard, and a single cart^dge having slipped into the chamber, the others are arrested*
by a detent on the upper side of the lever, and the chamber is thrust home by a vibrating
dog pivoted to the lever.

Claim.-^The arrangement or combination of the lever-guard D, with its extended arms »,
detent d^ dog e, with the slide C, substantially in the manner as and for the purposes de-
scribed.

No. 38,605.— Thomas F. Rowland, of Greenpoint, Kings county, N. Y,— Improvement
in Drilling BoU-hoUs in Turrets of Gunboats.— Ftkient dated May 19, 1863.— Upon a cen-
tral vertical shall in the turret is a frame adjustable vertically extending horizontally across
^e turret, and carrying on one end an engine, and on the other a drill stock and gearing, the
drill being radial with the structure, and driven by a bolt from the counter-balancing cylin-
der, cranK shaft, &c,

Cla.im.'^FiTsU the employment, for drilling or reaming holes in the turrets of war vessels
or in other circular structures radial to the centre thereof, of a drilling or reaming machine
secured to and a(]yusted on a shaft, which is arranged contrail v within the- turret or structure,
with the ans of the drill or tool stock perpendicular to the axis of said shalt, .substantially a»
herein described.



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436 ANNUAL RBPOBT OF THE

Second, the driving of Um drill or tool stock of a machine, so applied upon a central sbaft
within a turret, or ouier circular stracture, by means of an engine attached diroctlj to thft
framinfl^ of the machine, suhstantiallj as herein specified.

Third, the arranffement of the so-applied engine upon the frame of the machine, on the op-
posite side of the shaft to that on which the drill or tool stock is applied, for the purpose of
liaiancing the frame upon the shaft, substantiallj as herein set forth.

No. 38,606. — Christopher Rymes, of Charlestown, Mass.— /mj^rovemeiil in Hydrmdic
Presses, — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — The improvement consists in making a screw shank
to the piston and nut working therein, so that the piston maj be retained at the required
height Dj screwing down the nut on to the top of the cylinder.

Claim, — The arrangement or combination of the screw b and nut c with the hydraulic
press cylinder F, piston G, and platen A, substantially in the manner and so as to opeiata
therewith as hereinbefore specified.

No. 38,607.— Oran W. Seelt, of Syracuse, N. Y,—Imf rated Method of Moulding Brick,—
Patent dated May 19, 1663.- The object of this improvement is to expel the air from tha
clay in the process of moulding. The mould being supplied with day, the double piston ia
moved forward so as to press the clay almost to the size of the intended brick, the pins per-
forating the clay to a corresponding extent. The inner piston is now quickly withdrawn
to give a chance for the escape of the remaining air, wbue the outer piston brings a final •
pressure upon the clay.

Claim, — ^Tbe above-described method of perforating the bricks made of dry clay, and es>
polling the air therefrom at the instant the final pressure is applied, by means substantiallj
as described.

No. 38,608.— Thomas Shaw, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /rnvroMweiK in Crank Motion.— Tal^
ent dated May 19, 1863. — ^A spring is attached to the crank wrist, and to a permanent point,
in such a way as to. be at its gpreatest contraction at the dead centre nearest to said point,
and tend to throw the wrist past and at its gpreatest elongation at the <^ad centre fsothesi
from said point, so as to draw the wrist past said centre, thus laying up a power in Um
spring to pass said centres.

Claim. — The combination of metallic springs £ with crank B and arm C, in manner and
*for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,609.— Benjamin D. Skidmorb, of New York, N. Y.—Ini^inwement in Windgm
Sash Fasteners, — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^A nosing or catch-piece is placed on the upper
sash, and a latch on the upper part of the lower sash, which is retracted and projected by a
> handle, lever, and spring. ^

Claim. — ^The combination of the side bolt D, sprmg D', lever E, and pendent rod F, all
arranged in connexion with the case C and nosing e, to operate as and for the purpose set
forth.

No. 38,610.— Robert Stewart, of Elmira, N. Y,— Improvement in Cut-off and Regu-
flator Valves, — ^Batent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a lever, operated by »
dog on a sliding bar attached to a lever connected with the governor, pivoted to the axis of
the circular valve plate, and terminating in a spring which is attached to a point above.
The action of the valve is regulated by the bite obtained by the dog on .the lower end of tha
lever, and the bite is increased or diminished by the raising of the lower lever by the rod
from the governor. When the valve lever is released from detention by the dog, the parts
are closed by the spring which brings the lever to a vertical position and the valve ta ita
centra] position. ^

Claim. — First, the arm s composed of spring I and pin/, and this arm, thus constructed,
in combination with a cut-off valve.

Second, the lever j and dog g operating as described, and these also in combinati<ni with
each other, for the purposes set forth.

Third, the combination of the arm (as described in claim first) and the lever j and dog g,
(as claimed in claim second,) operating substantially in the manner and for the purposes
hereinbefore specified.

No. 38,611.— Robert Stewart, of Elmira, N. Y.—hnproved Cutoff and Valve Oear.—



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 70 of 164)