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by the trigger in the act of retracting the hammer, so as to withdraw the plug or cartridge
case, as the case may be. The breec^-piece is hinged and vibrates transversely to the axis of
the piece.

chum. — First, the combination of the solid plug with the hinged breech-piece, the cen-
trally placed stationary nipple, and a mechanism for removing the plug, substantially in the
manner described, for the purpose of converting the breech-loading into a muzzle-loading
fire-arm.

Second, the lever I, pivoted to the solid portion of the breech-piece and vibrated by the
trigger when the hingea breech-piece is thrown back to remove the cartndge* cup or plug,
substantially as described.

No. 38,644.— Samuel Strong, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in Breech-loading
Fire-arms. — Patent dated May 19, 1863. — ^The cartridge shell retractpr is attached to tho
hinged recoil block, and by the opening of the latter a pin is introduced behind the flange of
the cartridge, which loosens and partiallv extracts it A hinged lever operates to prevent the
falling of the hammer when the recoil block is raised.

C/atm.— First, the cartridge catch F, Fig. 5, with its lateral spring e operating and arranged
in combination with a recoil block E and a flanged metallic cartndge, substantially in Uk
BMumer and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the arrangement and combination of a vibr^^ting lever P, or its equivalent, with
the recoil block £ and hammer H of a breech-loading gun, substantially in th^ maimer and
for the purposes herein set forth.

Thiro, the arrangement and combination with each other of the carriage retractor F with
its lateral spring c, recoil block £, annular catch G, vibrating lever P, breech-piece A, and
hammer II of my improved breech-loading fire-arm, as herein described, for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 38,645.— E. H. Ashcroft, of Boston, Suffolk county, Mass. — Improvement in Breeck'
loading Fire-arm. — Patent dated May 26, 1863.— ^The particular object of this improvement
is to provide a method of securely locking the sliding piston at the rear, closing or forming
the breech, and itd construction is such as to adapt it for mounted service, being easily loaded
while slung at the side.



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442 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Claim.— The meOiod of lookiDg the piston C bj means of the hooked levere £ E «nd lugs
F F, or their equivalents.

Also, the combination of the barrel A, lags F F, levers E E, piston C, slide D, and
spring J.

No. 38,646. — Daniel M. Ayer, of Lewiston, Androscoggin county, Me. — Improvement in
Roqfing.—Pektent dated May 26, J863.— Tbe invention consists in steeping the cleansed cloth
in a boiling decoction of cutch 20 pounds, sulphate of copper 2 pounds, water 100 gallons ; it
is afterwards drained and placed in a solution of bicbromate.of potash 2 ppunds, water 100
gallons, at 150^ Fahr. It is then washed and sized in a composition of starch and hypo*
chloride of zinc. The roof is covered with a composition of boiled linseed oil 1 gallon, red
lead 1 pound, asphaltum 1 pound, which is boiled, and fire-proof paint added to give the re-
quired consistency.

Claim, — First, the preparation of the cloth, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the compoeition for covering the cloth, substantially as described.

Third, the roof constructed of the materials and in the manner set forth.

No. 38,647.— Hiram Barber, of Juneau, Dodge county. Wis.— Improved Band CutUr
for Thre$hing Machines. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — This invention consists of a circular
cutter on an arbor, which is I'oumalled to vibrating arms attached to the frame of the sepa-
rator ; the cutter bcing.raised by a treadle and protruded through a slot in the feed board
to cut the band at the- impulse of the feeder.

Claim. — The placing the band cutter on an arbor underneath the apron on which the ma-
chine is fed, working in a slot in it, revolved by a band firom a pulley on the cylinder shaft,
the arbor running in adjustable levers connected with the treadle o by the rods M and N, or
b^ other equi' aient mechanical devices, whereby the feeder can raise or lower the cutter at
he pleasuie, arranged substantially as and for the pui-poses specified.

No. 38,648.— F. H. Bartholomew, of New York, N. Y.-i-Improvement in Valves for
Water Closets. — Parent dated May 26, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the arrangement
in combination with any ordlnarv pan-actuating mechanism of a diaphragm and valve suit-
ably located in a chamber, by wnich the weight of the body opens the passage for the issue
of water into the pan.

Claim. — ^The valve G and diaphragm J, or its equivalent, placed within a suitable cylinder
or box F, in combination with the pan B and the lever E, or other pan-actuating meclianism,
arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,649. — Francis Bcjschnagel, of Wenham, Essex county, Mass. — Improvement in
the Manufacture of Water Pipes from Bitumen, Pitcit, ^c— Patent dated May 26, 1863. —
This invention consists in rolling upon a core a composition of hair or other fibrous material
saturated with melted pitch, tar, or asphaltum, 4&c.

Claim. — The compound of hair or other fibrous substance and bituminous substances, in
the proportions above described, and the process of manufacture above described.

No. 38,650. —PhiLos Blake, of New Haven, CoTm.— Improvement in Draught Clip-ties for
Carriages. — Patent dated May 26, 1863.— This improvement consists in the construction of
a clip-tie, prolonged under the end of the thill joint, giving support to an elastic pressor to
prevent rattling.

Claim. — The cx)mbination of an elongated clip-tie with an elastic pressor, when constructed
and fitted to produce the result substantially as herein described.

Also, the combination of the cap with the elastic presser, when so constructed and used
that the cap will insure the eqtire eqvulibrity of the presser, as well as prevent it from wear-
ing, substantially as herein described.

No. 38,651 .—J. W. Booker, of Fairmount, Vermillion county. Til.— Improvement in Cut-
tivators. — Patent dated May ^ 1863. — ^The invention consists of an arrangement of the
parts, provid-ng for eqnable draught, balancing the weight, regulating depth, and sustaining
the weight when the ploughs are raised out of the ground.

Clnim. — The plough-beams E E connected to the main frame A, as shown, in combination
frith the uprights 1 1, provided with the inirrups R K, the handles G G attached to the plough-
beams, and the curvea rods L L, all arranged for joint operation as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 38,652.— George R. E«ayton, of Providence, R. I.— Improvement in Mode of Attwih-
ing the Heads of Bolts, Rivets, and Nails.— Issued May 5, 1863; antedated April 18, 1863. —
The invention consists in dovetailing the shank within the head by forcing the former to ex-
pand within a dovetailed recess in the latter.

Claim. — The method of dovetailing together two pieces of metal to form a bolt, screw, spike,
or rivet, by forcing the shank into and expanding the end of the same witlidn the head, sub-
stantially as herein described.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 443

' No. 38,653.— John C. Briggs, of Concord, N. B.,— Improvement in Bridgeg. —T&tcnt
dated May 26, 1863. — This improvemenl consists in stiffening the truss by the crossing of
inclined ties, combined with inclined braces, with an additional stepping piece above the sills
at each end to bolt the braces into, and an end brace or post mortisea to the under side of the
upper sill and projected laterally to a secure step on the foundation. It also relates to a
method of laying board roof by laying blocks under the edges of the board and depressing
the centre by nailing, forming a shallow trough. •

Claim. — The interlocking or crossing of inclined ties in the middle part of a span, com-
bined with inclined braces, essentially as described and shown by the drawings.

Also, the pieces a a combined with the braces and cords, as described.

Also, the method described of laying roof-boards by putting a block under each edge of
the board and drawing down the middle with nails, so as to form a shallow trough of each
board.

Also, the combination of the end braces e b e b with the cords and adjusting bolts //,
essentially as described.

Na 38,654 — Jeremiah Cook, of Pdlmcrsville, Alleghany county. Pa. — Improvement in
Lifting Jacks. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^This machine consists of a step or base, on
which is erected a slotted standard; in this is a vertically adjustable bar with notches and a
dog to maintain it at its elevation ; this forms the fulcmm for a lever, whose handle end is
provided with a link, which catches into teeth on the standard to maintain said end at its
point of depression — a spring drawing it into the notch.

Claim. — ^The combination of the hook-catch H, ratch G, and spring A, with lever D and
notched iulcrum-bar C, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,655.— Rowland Cromelien and William R. Crisp, of Washington, D. C—
Improvement in Omnibus and Car Registers, — Patent dated May 26, ldG3. — ^This improve-
ment consists of a turnstile placed at the door of a car, which is rotated bv a person passing
and the partial revolution registered by suitable gearing and thread working a needle on a
dial plate ; the special points of novelty consisting in the hollow shaft carrying the arms of
the turnstile in such a way arranged as not to mar the beauty of the car, and in the method
of locking the turnstile, so as to render it immovable except under the release of the con-
ductor.

Claim. — ^The hollow shall B, No. 1, to carry arms of turnstile, in combination with lock-
plate D, Nos. 13 4, and the latch E, Nos. 13 4, and connecting-rod F, Nos. 1 and 2, thereby
preventing its use only at the will of the party in charge.

Also, the arrangement of the turnstile in the interior of the car without injuring the ap-
pearance or destroying any part of the same.

No. 38,656.— Owen R. L. and M. P. A. Crozier, of Paris, Kent county, Michigan.—
Improvement in Hand Lights for Protecting Plants. — Patent issued May 26, 1863; antedated
October 12, 1862. — This liand frame consists of a box with glass sides and roof and a back
with a pointed foot to be driven into the ground for support ; its cover is hinged so as to be
readily elevated, and the sides of the frame around the glass are pierced with ventilation
holes ; the exterior is painted black for absorption of the rays of light, and the interior white
for reflection; an additional cover and flap are provided to sit by the hand light for protection
and support.

Claim. — First, the ventilation of our hand lights without exposing the plants.

Second, the attachment of the cover so that it*hiay be opened and closed with facilitr.

Third, the coloring of the exterior and interior surfaces, so that the former shall absorb
and the latter reflect heat.

Fourth, the construction of an instrument as a complement of the hand light, and to be
set by plants to guard them from sun, cold winds and frosts, all in the manner and for the
purpose herein specified, or any other substantially the same.

No. 38,657. — Celadon L. DabolL, of New London, Conn,^Improvement in the Con-
struction of Glass Chimneys for Lamps. — Patent issued May 26, 1863 ; antedated March 1,
1863. — ^The bottom flange is corrugated so as to admit the passage of* air underneath it.

Claim. — ^The plan of corrugating or otherwise forming the lower odgfe, rim or flange of
glass chimneys in such manner as to admit the atmospheric air inside and under the bottom
of the chimney, for the purpose hereinbefore described. *

No. 38,658. — J. D. Dale, of Rochester, N. Y. — Improvement in Sewing Machines, — Patent
dated May 26, 1863. — ^This is an improvement in running stitch sewing machines, and con-,
sists in a lever and a spring clip for holding the needle while the cloth is pulled off the ueedle
preparatory to another effective motion.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the lever L and spring clip C in relation to the other parts of
the machine, substantially in the manner described, whereby the needle is held and the cloth
released by a simple motion of one hand, the other hand being loft at liberty to draw off the
cloth from the needle.



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444 ANNUAL KEPOBT OP THE

No. 38,659.— WiLUAM Dberino, of LouisYille, Kj, ^Improvement in Hay Presse$.^
Patent dated May 26, 1863. — The follower rises vertically into the hay box, being guided by
slides 'in the latter, which traverse grooves in the follower. The pressure is given by a
letter T toggle below, in which a rope is attached to the end of the longer upper arm.

Claim, — ^The guides or slides M M, with the grooves ^ ^, in combination with the hay box
B and follower F, in the manner described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,660.— William M. Dickinson, of Goshen, Elkhart county, Ind.— Improvement
in Beehives. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — The outer case of the hive is filled with boxes,
of which the three central ones extend from the top to the bottom, and are appropriated to
the brood. On each side are a series of honey boxes surmounted by a feed box divided into
three cham1)ers ; these all communicate by apertures, and the hive is suspended by hooks,
the shanks of which are surrounded by cups to be filled with water to prevent the passage of
insects.

Claim. — First, the feed boxes J K, each constructed with compartments E' F' G" and
apertures D D, in combination with the brood box F and apertures 1 1, arranged to operate
in the manner and for the puipose specified. *

Second, the brood boxes F G H, m combination with the honey boxes c and feed boxes J
K, the whole arranged so as to communicate with each other in the manner and for the pur-
pose specified.

Third, suspending the hive by hooks E, which are enclosed by cups or vessels to be filled
with liquor, in the manner and for the purpose Specified.

No. 38,661. — George Douglass, of Scranton, Luzerne county. Pa. — Improvement in
Car Sprinffs.^V&Umt dated May 26, 1863. — This improvement consists in the method of
■ecuring the springs together at the centres and ends.

The springs are secured at their centres to seats whose recessed sockets conform to the
shape of the salient curve of the springs, and are there fastened by a bar and bolts. At the
ends the leaves of the springs are fitted into recesses on the upper and lower sides of the
boxes, and are there secured by bolts and washers.

Claim. — ^First, the employment or use, in connexion with a steel sprin?, of seats A A, con-
structed and applied to tne spring, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the end pieces B, provided with recesses to receive the eyes a at the ends of the
leaves b b'm connexion with the bolts e and washers d, all arranged substantially as herein
set forth.

Third, the seats A A, (trovided with the lips a a, and attached to the spring by means of
the bolts e e and bars g, in combination with the end pieces B B, having the ends of the
leaves b secured in them by the bolts and washers, as described.

No. 38,662.— George W. Downs, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Hemming mnd
Tucking Guidet. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^This machine is mounted upon a plate to
fit into the race of a sewing machine. The cloth is folded over by the usual snail-shaped
folder, and passes between rollers which compress it on its passage to the needle ; the cloth
in passing catches upon the burred end of the upper conical roller, and thereby gives it its
motion, while the lower roller is moved by the interposed cloth. The rollers have their bear-
ings in spring supports, which rise to allow for the thickness of the clolb.

Claim. — First, the employment, in combina'tion, of the two rollers in the manner described,
for the told of the hem to pass between, and be more perfectly held and smoothed with the
least friction, while one or both of said rollers are held in spring supports, for the purpose
explained.

Second, making these rollers, but particularly roller a, conical, to more effectually perform
the office of tuckmg, as explained.

No. 38,663.— Oren Edson. of Franklinville, Cattaraugus county, N. Y.— Improvement in
Device for Operating Chum$. — Patent dated May 26, 18o3. — The invention consists in the
arrangement of an oscillating frame connected to the dasher of a churn, in combination with
an inclined adjustable bar, to which a weight is suspended to counterbalance the weight of
the iiame and dasher.

Claim, — The combination of the hixi^ a^instable weighted bar E and hook / with the
oscillating finune C and dasher-rod D, in the manner and lor the purpose herein shown and
described.

No. 38,664.— Andrew A. Etans, of Boston, Suffolk county, 'Mass.^Improvement m
Paper Shirt CW/ar».— Patent issued May 26, 1863; antedated May 15, 1853.— The colhir is
made of parchment paper and coatod with bleached sheilas varnish.

Claim, — ^A shirt collar made of parchment paper and coated with varnish of bleached
shellac, substantially as described ami for the objects specified.

No. 38,665.— WlLUAM H. Field, of Taunton, Ubss,— Improvement in Nail Machines.'^
Patent dated May 26, lB63.-rThe machine has an oscillating cutter-head and operates on



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C0MMI6SI0NEB OP PATENTS. 445

the nail rods, whicli are fed to it by the grooved rollers through the sliding gnide-bars. The
bar which is attached to the cutter-head guide lies in grooves in the slidiug guide-bars secur-
ing the proper presentation of the rods so as to be cut without waste; the front end of one
plate is made to feed the last end of the preceding one.

Claim. — First, the combination of the ^ooved feed rolls c d c d^ and the sliding guide-
bars « n*, to operate substantially as and tor the purpose herein specified.

Second, combining the sliding g^ide-bars with the cutters by means of bar v attached to
the oscillating cutter frame, substantially as and for the purpose herein set fortn. ^

No. 38,666.— Jonas M. Frink, of Coral, McHenry county, 111.— /mpror«<i Furnace for Bum-
i$ig Bagasse. — Patont dated May 26, 1863. — On one side of the usual furnace is a hopper
with an inclined grated floor, and in this hopper the bagasse is placed and the feed-liole
Olosed by a swinging valve. The bagasse is ted down the incline by shafts with rotating
arms, which latter project between the bars of the grating and push it towards the furnace.
The space underneath the inclined grating forms a heated air chamber for the supply of the
fire, and determines the volatile results of the combustion of the bagasse towards the chimney.

Claim. — The revolving or vibrating arms DDE, arranged and operated in combination
with the inclined grate B, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

Also, the separate hot-air chamber G, in combination with the ash pit a and grate B, for
the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,667. — Jonah M. Frtnk, of Coral, McHenry county, HI. — Improvement in Preparing
Bagasse for Fa«/.— Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^The cane is crimped by being passed be-
tween deeply-toothed or "win^^" rollers, after passing between the pressure rollers which
- have removed the saccharine liquid.

C/aim.— Crimping the stalks of bagasse between winged rollers C C, or their equivalent,
•o as to prepare them for burning, substantially as herein specified.

No. 38,668.— Charles D. Gibson, oi New York, N. Y. —Improvement in Head-Light Re-
fiectors. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim. — ^The construction of a cylindrical, curved head-li^ht reflector, lined with several
pieces of looking-glasses, or their eouivalents, and arranged m regular series around the in-
terior of the case or box, so as to renect the rays of the light to different and distinct points^
flubstantiaUy as set forth and described.

No. 38,669.— George W. Gilbert, of Radnor, Delaware county, T^.'-Improvement in
Carriage Wheels. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — The spokes are clamped between a plate
and a washer which are sustained by a flange on the axle-box and a nut, respectively; oeing
further supported by a bolt .to each spoke which passes through the face plate.

Claim, — ^The axle-box B with its flange B^ nut £, and washer F, in combination with the
plate A and the spokes D, fitted to each other and to the box, as described, and secured to
the spokes bv bolts a a, the whole being constructed and arranged substantially as and for
the purpose hereixKset forth.

No. 38,670.— James T. Gilmorb, of Painesville, Lake county, Ohlo.-^Improvement in
Machinery for Dressing or Working Stone. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — The object of this
improvement is the dressing of stone, particularly burr blocks, to a perfect surface before re-
ceiving the ** dress" for laying out and cutting the main and subordinate furrows, or new
surfacing an old stone; also for dressing building stone, or fluting columns, or making
mouldings. The rotary cutter, which runs on its edge, has diamonds fixed to its periphery,
and is capable of rectilineitr, rotary or compound motions, as the frame in which it is sus-.
pended is attached to a central axis which answere to that of the eye of the runner.

Claim. — First, the placing of a diamond or diamonds, or other hard-cutting points, en the
periphery or^ sides of a wheel or disk, or anything equivalent thereto, and operating said
wheel or disk, at any required speed, by rotary motion, or by rotary, rectilinear, and recip-
rocating motion simultaneously applied, as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the manner of rotating the cutter-wheel A' by means of the pulleys B E £' C and
H ; also the mode of givinsp rectilinear and reciprocating motion to the said cutter-wheel by
means of the divided nut Tl, screw K, bevel wheels N S' and O, pulleys 8 and H, vibmting
hanger Q, and shipper rod T; also the dovetailed arm and tight screw C for attaching
said arm to the slide block D, and adjusting the cutter-wheel ; the said several parts being
combined, arranged, and operated substaniially as stibwn, and for the purpose specified.

Third, the mechanical parts for supporting and connecting the said rotary cutter, together
with the parts for controlling its movement, as stated, to the arm of the patented miUstone
dresser, herein referred to, so that the said cutter will conform to the position and movements
of the said arm, as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,671.— Wasiungton L. GilroyJ of Philadelphia, FfL-^hnprovement in Rolling
Shoes for Replacing Car».— Patent issued May 26, 1663; antedated March 13, J863.— Thu
consists of a flanged plate with a roller to be attached to the lower edge of tl^ railroad car
wbeelf so as to enable the latter to travel transversely to replace it on the track.



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440 ANNUAL REPOBT OF THE

Claim,^^The employment of a portable shoe, combiDed with a rolling support or base, the
same being constructed and applied to operate substantially as described and set forth for
the purpose specified.

No. 38,672.— Elliott P. Gleasok, of New York, N. Y,— Taper-holder for Lighting
' Lamps,— Psktent dated May 26, 1863. — This consists of a light t6d with a spring cateh in tl^
end to hold a lighted friction match by which it may be introduced at the top ot the chimney
and reach the wick.

Claim, — The within described taper-holder for lighting lamps, &;c., without removing the
chimney, as a new article of manufacture.

No. 38,673.— WiLLUM H. Goewey, of Albany, N. Y, —Improvement in Stoves.— ^At^nt
dated May 26, 1863. — ^The fire-pot is enclosed in a tight casing, and consists of a pan and
cap with an Intervening space occupied by three hollow annular bars which receive air from
the outside and eject it into the fire ; the air tubes which pass through the furnace also emit
air to the flame. ,

Claim. — The hollow, double V-shaped rings j of the fire-pot, provided with the air openings
e e, said rings being of such shape as to protect the air openings Ixom obstruction by ashes,
substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the fire-pot C, composed of the mibrohen base and top h k and the intermediate
hollow air rings} j, provided with discharge openings e e, said rings being separated by the



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 72 of 164)