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Claim. — So combining the knapsack and water-proof blanket with a yoke and straps as
that the said blanket may be rolled ap on top of and held down en to tlie knapsack by the
said yoke, substantially as sel forth.

Also, the combination of a knapsack water-proof blanket and eyelets, or their equivalent,
nndcr such an arrangement that tbe same may be attached to a frame, poles, or muskets,
thereby forming a liiter upon which tbe wounded may be supported or transported from
place to place, substantially as herein set forth.

Na 38,702.— Christopher M. Spencer, of Boston, Mnss,^ Improvement in Magazine
Fire-arm, — Patent issued May 26, J 863; antedated January 3, 18oJ. — The magazine and
barrel are connected by a swinfi^ng breech-piece which, at proper points of its vibration,
make the passage for tne cartridges continuous. This brcech-pieco is swung by a sliding
plate and pin working in a cam groove, and the same plate actuates the inner plate and
cartridge-drawing hooR which brings forward the charge.

Claim. — First, combining a magazine in the stock of a fire-arm with the barrel thereof, by
means of a breech-piece B, swinging from points near its rear end, and having provided la
it a passage C C which forms a continuation of the magazine, substantially as herein spe-
cified.

Second, operating the swinging breech-piece by means of a slide D, pin h, and groove e f
g, applied and operating substantially as herein set forth.

Third, combimng the plate H carrying the cartridge-drawing hook k with the slide D,
which operates the breech by me§ns of a pin A, slot n o, groove e f g^ slots m m, and g^de
pins / <, the whole applied and operatmg substantiaUy as and for the purpose herein
bpecified.

No. 38,703.— David Steinberg, of San Francisco, ChV—ImprotemeiU in Bases for Arti-
Jicial TeerA.— Patent dated May 26, 1863.— The improvement consists in the insertion of
bars for securing and strengthemng the vulcanized rubber or other material employed as a
base.

C/am.— The application of the bars ABB, substantially as set forth and for the purposes
described herein.

No. 38,704.— Stephen R. Stinard, of Canandaigua, N. Y.^ Improvement in Omnibus
€ind Car RegisUrs.—FsAejii issued May 26, 1863; antedated March 13, 1863.— By this
arrangement the opening of the door is under the control of the driver, and the passage of
|>erBons in and out of the vehicle is registered upon a dial by means of a spring step, actua-
ting levers and rods, which communicate with a ratchet and pawl arrangement behind a dial
plate. ^

Claim. — ^First, the arrangement of the spring bolt 6, lever D £ or D', and connecting rods
and vms d e e' g g\m combination witn the door C C of a street ear or omnibus, con-
structed and operating substantially as and for the purpose shown and described.

Second, the arrangement of the lip i, projecting Irom the inner surface of the door C, in
combination with the spring step F, and registering apparatus G, constructed and opera-
ting substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,705.— Jeptha A. Wagener, of Pultney, Steuben county, N. Y.— Improvement in
Sewing Machine Guides. — Patent dated May 26, 3863. — ^This appliance is stamped out of a
sheet of metal and confined on the bed of the sewing machine by a thumb-screw. At its
forward termination by the needle, it consists of a plate, over which the folded fabric passes,
having a flat spring bearing upon the surface of tbe latter, so as to smooth it and present it
properly to the needle as the feeding device draws the fabric along.

Claim, — A sewing machine gui&, constructed substantially in the manner and for the
purpose described.

No. 38,706. — Ransom Waixing, of Royalton, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. — Improvement in
Wine and Cider Presses. — ^Patent dated May 2§, 1863. — The press consists of a frame, a box
lined with perforated sides, and a follower moving horizontally on ways, being drawn by
chains which are attached to its outer end and passing on each side of the box to the shaft
. of a wheel, which is rotated by a rope ou its periphery passing to a winch. The ibllower is
guided by grooves on its sides which slide ou guides in the interior of the box

Clainu — b'irst, the combination with the chest N of the follower S and inside partition Q
Q, arranged to work in joint operation with guides 19 19 and grooves 20 20, for the purpose
set forth.

Second, in combination with the foregoing, the vat 12 and spout z, connected together as
teaibed, and for tbe paipose specified.



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452 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

No. 38,707.— G. E. & E. W. Watson, of McLean, Tompkins county, N. Y.—Improve-
ment in Water Wheels, — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^The buckets have swinging valves in
the apertures, which are opened and closed by the action of the governor.

Claim, — First, the swing buckets e e in combination with the rods //, collar t, and gOY-
emor^^.

Second, the operating said collar % and buckets e c, when the wheel is in motion directly,
by means of a governor upon the shaft of the wheel.

No. 38,708.— C. Wheeler, jr., of Poplar Ridge, Cayuga county, N. Y.— Improvement in
Harvesters. — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^The improvements are in the ledger plate against
which the knife edge works, and in the manner of secuiing it; also, in the protuberances
on the finger bar, by which it affords a support for the back part of the cutter.

Claim, — First, in combination with a scalloped cutter, having the knife bar on its under
side, the ledger plate secured at its front end against lateral and vertical movement by lock-
ing with the guard finger, while its back end is secured by the shank / locking imder the
finger bar, substantially as described.

Second, in combination with the ledgef plate, secured by the shank / locking under the
finger bar, the elevations b of the g^uard finger, as a bearing for the back part of the cutter,
substantially as described.

No. 38,709.— Norman Wiard, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in the Construction of
Ordnance, — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — The devices in this gun are designed to secure the
continued expansive force derived from the evolution of the gases resulting from the ignition
of the powder, through the whole lencth of the bore of the gun, and for this purpose thejpow-
der chamber is of a greater diameter than the bore, and the oreech is providea with re-inforces
and arrangements for compensation for unequal expansion by heat.

Claim. — First, the chamber M, or an equivalent enlargement at the breech of a slightly
expansible lining A, in combination with the means of compensating for unequal heating ana
resisting great strain, substantially as represented by B H U' and U2, for the purpose above
Bet forth.

Second, in guns with a lining A having a swell and chamber at its breech, the employ-
ment of «be piece B, of a material more expansible by heat than A, between the lining A and
the exterior shell H, or its equivalent, for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, allowing independent longitudinal expansion of the piece B, by means of the washers
C D, &c., made elastic substantially as descrioed.

No. 38,710.— J. H. WiTHEY, of Winchester, Scott county, El. —Improved Sugar Evapo-
rator, — Patent dated May 26, 1863.— The front part of the furnace has two evapprating pans
which run transversely of the furnace oh rollers, one being over the fire at a time. In the
rear, and at a higher level, is another pan which is used for bringing the liquid to a boil and
removing the scum, after which it is run into the evaporators. The direction of the heat of
the famace is managed by dampers and an auxiliary furnace.

Claim, — The arrangement and operation of the damper e in connexion with the defecating
and evaporating pans A and B, for the purposes set forth.

Also, in combination with the evaporating pans B, the arrangement of the adjustable roller
frames r, operating substantially as describea lor the purposes set forth.

Also, the arrangement and operations of the dampers d and d^, where two sets of eTSpora*
ting pans B are used, for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,711.— Philander Anderson, of Norwich, Chenan^ county, N. Y., assignor to
Himself and P. K. Bronson, of same place. — Improvement tn Water Elevators. r^Sktent
dated May 26, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a ratchet pawl and friction flange movement
for retaining the barrel of the windlass in position at will, or allowing it to revolve in the de-
scent of the bucket at a speed under the control of the operator.

Claim, — ^The pin c attached to the head of the crank C, or its equivalent, and the cam re-
cess m of the ratchet ring R, in combination with the friction flange a, spring s, pin e, and
pawl P, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 38,712.- David McKinley, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself and Charles
H. Mellor, of same place. — Improved Rotary Cutter for PUining itforAine.— Patent dated
May 26, 1863. — This cutter is made of one piece of steel of a stiitable shape, and a recessed
central portion ; portions of the disk being cut away from the edge towards the apex so as to
leave as many cutting edges as may be required.

Claim, — The rotaiy cutter formca from a steel blocl^ or disk having a concavity or recess,
and having portions cut away so as to leave two, three or more cutting arms and open spaces
between the said arms 6, the said spaces communicating with the recess, all substantially 88
set forth for the purpose specified.

No. 38,713. — jAivres S. Merrill, of Poland, Androscoggin county. Me., assignor to Him-
self and George W. Horner, of Minot, Me. — Improvement in Coffin Ltrf«.— Patent dated
May 26, 1863. — The inscription plate is placed with its major axis in line with the hinges and
the cover extending beyond it; the lid is recessed to a corresponding degree.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 453

Claim, — A coffin cover and lid, as made with an inscription plate projection a, and a cor-
responding recess b, arranged with reference to the inscription or its plate C, the .cover A, tho
lid B, and the hinges D D thereof, substantially in manner and for the purpose as hereinbefore
described.

•.

No. 38,714.— Antonio Meucct, of Clifton, Richmond county, N. T., assignor to Mrs.
EsTERRE Meucci, of the same place. — Improvement in Preparing Hydro-carbon Liquids to
serve as a Vehicle for Paints, — Patent dated May 26, 1863. — ^Tho object is to render the hy-
dro-carbon liquid siccative and colorless, which is accomplished by treating it with hypo-
chloro-nitric acid and a certain quantity of starch to produce a reaction. The consistency is
improved by adding linseed cakes, the gummy matter on which is dissolved by the petro-
leum.

Claim, — ^Flrst, the employment or use in treating petroleum or other hydro-carbon liquids
of hypochloro-nitric acid, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Second, mixing petroleum, kerosene, or other hydro-carbon liquid, after treating the same
with hypochloro-nitric acid, with linseed oil, linseed or linseed cakes, substantituly as and
for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,715.— RUFUS Porter, of Melrose. Middlesex county, Mass., assiraor to Thomas
P.Wells, of Roxbury, Mass. — Improvement in Air Pumps, — Patent issued Mny 26, 1863;
antedated October 2, 1862. — This invention consists of an annular series of pump pistons
workmg in upright cylinders around a central cam cylinder. The pistons work in slots in
a circular guide, and pivoted to each of them is a roller which runs on the lower edg^ of tho
cam groove.

Claim. — first, the operating of a concentric series of pump pistons by meatus of a central
cam cylinder, the axle of whlcn is parallel to the rods ofsaia pistons, substantially as shown
and described.

Second, the axle pivots c, constructed as herein described, in combination with piston
rods D and pulleys F.

Third, the combination of the cam cylinder H with a concentric series of air-pumps, con-
structed and arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,716.— Samuel Strong, of Washington, D. C, assignor to Himself and jEROBfE B.
Woodruff, of same place. — Improvement in Brick Macfiine, — Patent dated May 26,
1863. — ^The bricks are made of untempered pulverized clay, and subjected to pressure m the
mould by means of a plunger which arives it into the gradually decreasing space formed by
the slipping of the inclined planes on each other. After passing a certain point the bottom
of the mould is retracted, and a descending arm operates a plunger from above, which dis-
charges the'*brick on to a weighted platform whicn, receding under the weight, drops it to
the attendant to be carried away.

Claim. — ^The construction and arrangement of the expanding and contracting mould by the
action of the sliding wedges e e and the plunger D, operating in the manner as herein de-
scribed for the purpose set forth.

Second, the balanced trap door to for receiving and dischar^ng the brick after it is liber-
ated fit>m the mould, in combination with tho sUde b and plunger R, substantially as herein
specified.

No. 38,717.— Jabies Tomlinson, of Pickering, Ontario county, province of Canada West,
assignor to Himself and Andrew Gage.— Stenm Coiled ffoops.- Patent dated May 26, 1863.
— ^Tne hoop splint is coiled and steamed, and cut into lengths for use.

Claim, — As a new article of manufacture, a hoop splint prepared in helical form by coiling
and steaming, and adapted to be cut into hoops of any length, all as herein shown and de-
scribed.

«

No. 38,718.— F. M Watson and H. H. Clough, of Warner, Merrimack county, N. H.,
assignors to Themselves and B. H. Watson, of Binne place. — Improved Foot'Rest, —
Patent dated May 26, 1863.— The foot-rest is fastened to a horizontal arm which slides out
from the chair in guides, and the rocking-rcst is likewise made vertically adjustable by the
supporting screw m the socket.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of a vertically adjustable or hinged bench or cushion on the
top of a standard E, in combination with the horizontal arm c and guide-wavs d, secured to
the frame B of a chair, all constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose sub-
stantially as herein shown and described.

No. 38,7 19.— Charles R. Anderson, of St. Louis, Mo. — Improvement in Railroad Car
Trucks, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The objects of this invention are to make a more sub-
stantial car truck without increasing its height ; to bring tho tractive force nearer the plane
of the rails without diminishing the diameter of the wheels ; to combine with a depressed
bolster support a central key-h^; coupling and bearing for the bolster and car^body ; also
to provide better supports for the ends of the bolster.



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454 ANNUAL REPORT OF THB

Claim, — First, arranging the supporting beam C for the bolster D below the plane of the
bottom of tjic truck frume, and making said beam a fixture with A, and a support for the
ends as well as the centre of the bolster, substani'.allj as described.

Second, supporting the ends of a centrally pivoted bolster D, suspended upon pivoted
quadrants F r , whicn admit of a longitudmal movement and a depressed beam C, substan-
tially as described.

Third, the application of the centre pivot bearing, consisting of plates G G', cylindrical
box ,G'^, and a vertical key-head dd' in a car truck, constnict^ substauHially as herein de-
scribed.

Fourth, making the base and ride bearing for the hollow centre pivot, an oil cup for hibri-
cating the pivot, and also a chamber for keeping said pivot in place, substantially as de-
scribed.

Fifth, a truck frame for railroad cars consisting of two side beams A A, transverse beams
B B, depressed transverse bolster support C, and the tapering bolster D, arranged and op-
erating substantially as herein described.

Sixtn, the combination of plates G G^ quadrants F F, and beams C D, all arranged sub-
stantially as described.

No. 38,720.— J. B. Atwateh, of Chicago, Cook conntpr, HI. — Improvemtnt in fnstrument$
for Describing Ellipses.— 'F&tent dated June 2, 1863. — This instrument is intended to describe
ellipses of any given size by means of a traversing pencil impinging on an elliptical flange,
secured to a rod fixed at its foot in the centre of the ellipse to be described. The size is de-
termined by sliding the elliptical disk up or down and the pencil point retained upon the
paper by a spiral coil.

Claim, — First, the shaft A in combination with the slide G, the ellipses F, and the curved
spring/, the whole arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the base B in combination with the centre point I and the spiral spring K, the
whole arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,721. — Cyrus Avery, of Tunkhannock, Wyoming county, Pa. — Tmprovementin Ro-
tary Engines, — Patent dated June 2, 1863.-r-This invention consists in a combination of parti
intended to reduce the friction due to the working of the valve and the revolving cylinder.

Claim. — ^Tlie circular plate F in combination with the valve J and slot L, or its equiva-
lent, for the purpose specified.

No. 38,722.— John Baird, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Valves for Steam^En*
gincs, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — Tfiis invention consists in constructing two slide valves
running side by side, or a divided main slide valve, both being worked by gear when the
engine is ** hooked on,'* and one of them being provided with hand-gear, avoidiBg the diffi-
culty of working the whole main slide by hand or the expense of constructing separate snuidl
valves with their appropriate seats and passages.

Claim, — A divided slide valve for a steam-engine, operating substantially as specified, or,
in other words, two slide valves working side by side, both capable of being moved and
moving when the engine is hooked on, and one capable of being moved independently by
hand, the two working under a mode of operation substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

Also, in combination two valves operating substantially as specified when one has less or
more lap or lead than the other either on exhaust or steam, substantially as described and
for the purpose specified.

No. 38,723.— Henrv H. Beach, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Grain Dryers, —
Patent dated June 2, 1863. — The invention consists in the arrangement and construction of
the parts of the dryer, the grain being compelled to pass down a series of perforated inclined
planes, subject, during its passage, ^ the effects of a not blast, whichpasses in at the sides and
through the perforated inclines. The interior is further divided by shelves which, projecting
from alternate sides, serve to direct the current of air, the foot of the lowest incline having a
place of exit and a door.

Claim, — First, a series of inclinod planes which the grain is caused to traverse in strata
of unifoim thickness, or nearly so, and on which the grain is caused to change its position
by regulating the openings which form the communication between the planes, substantially
as described, the planes being heated or perforated for the passage through them of a hot
blast.

Second, in combination with the said inclined planes, {uranged as set forth, the sliding
plate d'\ or its equivalent, for the purpose specified.

Third, the strtioturo separated into tne witnin-^escribed hot-air compartments and exhaust
compartments by the horizontal plates and inclined planes herein set forth, for the purpose
specified.

No. 38,724.— Joseph B. Booth, of Portsmouth, Y&.-^Improved Hydraulic PropeVer,^
Patent dated June 2, 1863.— This invention consists of a method of propelling vessels by the
combination of cylinders breaking the dead points and working pistons in a series of propel-
ling cylinders which discharge in the wake of the vesseL



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS, 455

CUtim. — ^The cotistmetion and combination of the cylinders and pistons, the crank shaft
and intennediate shaft, and the pinions and cranks, substantiallj as and for the purpose
specified.

No. 38»725.— Robert Bragg, of San Francisco, Cal. — Improvement in Unloading Freight
or Merchandise, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in a skid or dis-
charging plank, having ways traversed bj an endless chain with cross-bars, and operated by
a crimk andpinion, by which freight may be raised or lowered with facility.

Claim, — Toe plank A having ways c c attached to one or both sides, in combination with
the endless chains B B connected by cross-bars /arranged or applied to the plank, substan-
tifUly as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Also, the guards or siae straps a a applied to the plank A when used in combination with
the ways c £, endless chains B B, and cross-bars/, as herein described.

No. 38,726. — Alfred Bridges, df Newton, Middlesex county, Mass. — Impror^ Mode of
Conmeeting Cars to Trucks. — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — This invention consists of a device
for hanging the car upon a yielding connexion between that frame and the truck frame. This
18 accomphshed by attaching a chain to the truck frame and to a piston spring on a frame
suspended from the sill of the car ; upon (his chain the car rests through the medium of a
pe^tal.

Claim, — Hanging the car body by a spring or yielding connexion extending from the pe-
destal to the truck frame, and acting in the manner and lor the purposes specified.

No. 38,727. — John S. Brooks, of Rochester, N. Y,— Improvement in Stove-piye Thimbles,
— Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^This is an iron cylinder with a length equal to the thickness
of an ordinary wall, having a corrugated interior surface, but presenting a fair face to the
out^de ; at the f^pper side is a pivoted slide, which is brought down against the upper side
of the stove-pipe and holds it firmly to its place.

Claim, — A stove-pipe thimble having the acyustable slide C, or its equivalent, as and for
the purposes shown and described.

Also, the corrugated collar, when so made as to hold the pipe by its inner points while the
otuter points or grooves carry the creosote into the flue.

No. 38,728.— Francis A. Cannon, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Sadirons.-^
Patent dated June 2, 1863. — The iinprovement consists in fitting a slipper to the bottom of
the iron with a roller near the heel otit, the whole being det€u:hed by a trigger at will.

Claim, — ^The use of a slipper and roller in combination, made substantially as described,
to^t on the bottom of smoothing irons attached thereto, and removed therefrom by means of
a spring catch.

No. 38,729. —Hezekiah Clements, of Warsaw, Kj,— Improvement in Stills,— Faieni
dated Jime 2, 1863. — This still consists of a central chamber and outer casing, with a hoUcal
partition or flange between them. The steam is admitted by a pipe through the cover, and
passes by a helical worm down till it discharges into the space between the bottoms of the re-
spective vessels ; from thence it passes up the helical space and out at an escape pipe. A
snafl in the central axis of the still is rotated by bevel gearing and a nhsifi passing horizon-
tally through a stuffing box into the still for the purpose of stirring the wort and preventing
the grains from settling.

claim, — ^The vertical shaft H and the paddles k k^ when used in connexion with the worm
G and steam space a, substantially as ana for the purpose deiscribed.

No. 38,730.— Benjamin Crawford, of Pittsburg, Fa,— Improved Feed-water Heater for
Locomotives. — Patent issued June 2, 1863 ; antedated November 16, 1862. — The exhaust
steam is taken by pipes from the blast pipes under the chimney and conducted to the feed-
water heater which is located above the boiler ; rods passing to the engineer's cabin operate
valves at the point of reception of the steam from the blast pipes so as to regulate the amount
drawn therefrom, diminishing the amount withdrawn to increase the blast, and vice versa ;
a valve at the top of the heater, under control of the engineer, admits of the passage of the
steam therefrom.

Claim, — First, the arrangement, substantially as herein described. Sot heating feed-water
for locomotives by exhaust steam taken from the blast pipes at a point or points below the
chimney or smoke-stack, as herein set forth.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 74 of 164)