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overlapping disk enclosing the inner edge of a box, so that by the rotation of the crown the
oil shall be raised from the well or sumc plac^) in the box, and poured over the axle, and
drip back to the well agfiin. ,

Claim, — First, the application within an axle or journal of what is herein described as a
**hclicoid winged crown" rotating in contact with a stationary disk ^ or other equivalent
flat surface, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the overlapping^lisk n, encirchng a flange o, formed upon the inner end of theboZi
substantially us and for the pui'pose herein specific.

No. 38,761. — Abner Reeder, of Buckingham, Bucks county, Pa. — Improvement in
Stopping Millstones, — Patent dated June 2, Il5i3. — ^This is a device for stopping the revolu-
tion of the millstone, b^ the raising of the empty funnel within the hopper when the ^ain is
fed out The i'unnel is suspended from a lever, the upward vibration of which shifts the
driving belt to a loOse pulley or otherwise disconnects the driving power &om the grinding
apparatus.

Claim, — ^The funnel G or its equivalent, arranged in respect to the hopper of a mill sub-
stantially as described, in combination with the devices herein set forth, or their equivalent,
. through the medium of which the rising of the said funnel or its equivalent, when relieved
from tho weight or pressure of the grain, will cause the power £rom which the stones derive
their motion to be arrested as described.

No. 38,762.— Edward S. Ritchie, of Brooklino, Norfolk comity, 'M.aBa,^Improvementin
Cards for Liquid Compasses, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^Tho cardinal points ture reprs-
seiitod on a sheet of mica, which is varnished and covered with another thin plate of the same
material. A metalic edge or binding is then attached.

Claim, — The new or improved Squid compass card, substantially as hereinbefore de-
scribed.



No. 33,763.— Bradford Rowe, of Albany, N. Y,—Im»rovenunt in Leather Splitting
Machines. — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — Tho leather is fed oetweon the splitting kmfe and

48 and springs, 80 as

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roller fiom a flexiblo steel gauge plate which is supported by rods and springs, so as auto*
mutically to adjust itself to the varying thickness ot uie skins.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 461

Claim. — ^First, the elastic and flexible gauge-plate, in combination with the springa em-
ployed to keep its edge dnlj pressed upwards towards the roller.

Second, the roller liaving a centre and side divisions of different diameters, the centre
diyision being the largest, and the others similar to each other, in combination with the knife
and gange-plate. . •

Tmrd, the treadles, in combination with the rods and springs.

No. 38,764,— Hugh Sangster, of Buffalo, N. Y.-^Improvement in Head Lamps for Tet-
$els. — ^Patent dated June 2, 1863.— The invention consists in a movable laftp-pot, con-
structed so as to be adjusted by a screw from the outside to the focus of the reflector, and in
the constroction of the reflector, so that it may be inclined to direct the light in the required
plane ; also in the construction of the chimney, consisting of a flue covered by a cone,
and in the method of isolating the tinned metal lamp from the looking-glass by the interpo-
sition of strips of wood.

Claim. — First, the reflector made movable for the purpose set forth by means of the two
knobs H and 6, and the piece E, or reflector holder, or tneir oq^uivalents.

Second, the lamp-pot so arranged that it may be moved and its position chanp^d inside of
the lamp base by means of the knob I, or its equivalent, on the outside of the lamp, for the
purpose of adjusting it to the focus of the reflector.

Third, the manner described of attaching looking-glass and frame to the wings of the lamp,
jbIso the panel or recess, which is stamped into the wing for its reception. -

Fourth, the cone-covered hot-air tubes, as described, and the grooves for the glass, bent
and formed of the same pieces of metal as the top and bottom, as shown in Fig. 3, and let-
tered W W X X^ also tne manner of holding the fruit glass (in the door) to its place,, as
shown in Fig. 7 and by the piece Y'.

No. 38,765.— Samuel J. Seelt, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— /m»r<werf Car for Carrying Petro-
hum, 8fc, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The containing boay of the car is made of a cylin-
drical shape and of corrupted sheet-metal ; underneath it are pipes extending along each side
and connecting with flexible hose by which the car is emptied ; the hose and nozzles being
stowed, when not in use, in boxes which protect them from injury.

Claim, — First, a railway car having its body composed of a corrugated or other sheet iron
^linder, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the combination with the car body of one or more pipes k k arranged below the
car, as described, and furnished with a series of flexible branches I /, connected by cocks k As,
substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth., *

Third, the boxes n n^ arranged as described, for the protection of the cocks k ^, and for
the stowage of the flexible branch pipes 1 1.

No. 38,766.— Philander Shaw, of Boston, Moss,— Improvement in Boots and Shoes.^
Patent issued June 2, 1863; antedated October 18, 1862.— The upper is made of flexible ma-
terial and the sole of plates of compressed wood with an interleaved plate of metal.
• Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, a boot or a shoe whicn is made of a flexible
" upner " united with a sole composed wholly or in part of compressed wood ; also the com-
binea arrangement, operating substantially as shown and described, of the metallic plate c
with the whole or a portion of the sole, when made of compressed wood.

No. 38,767.— Max Henry Stein, of New York, N. Y.—Improved Press for Forming
Dies, — ^Patent issued June 2, 1863 ; antedated April 9, 1863. — This is an improvement on
J. J. C. Smith's patent of September 20, 1639, reissued April 10, 1860. The object is to
subject the metallic alloy in the press box to a simultaneous pressure above and below. This
is accomplished by making the cross-bar which sinks the downward plunger act by its ends
through side pieces upon levers, which raise the upward plunger, while the metal is pi-evented
from spreading by the sides of the adjustable press box.

Claim. — The arrangement of two hinged levers £ £, plunger F, and bars e, in combinA*
tion with the main follower D and an adjustable press box H, constructed and operating,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described herein. *

No. 38,768.— Benjamin F. Stitrtevant, of Boston, Mtiss.^Improvement in Manufac*
tmreof Tooth-Picks. — Patent dated June 2, 186:}. — ^The band of wood is cut spirally off a
rotating block, and is chamfered at both edges, and the tooth-picks cut out butts and points
alternately.

^ Claim. — As a new or improved manufacture, for the purpose aforesaid, the making of tooth-
picks with bevels or chamfers at the opposite ends of each, the blank or band of wood as
made with the chamfers or bevels at its opposite edges, and in other respects substantially
as specified.

No. 38,769. — ^Henrt K. Stoner, of Lancaster, Pa. — Improvement in Horse Rakes. — Pa^
ent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The rake tooth is attached to a vibmting head, which is pivoted
on a rod and retained in its working position by a spring. The tooth is inserted into a recess
in the flanged projection of the head-piece and secured by a bolt.



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462 ANNUAL EEPORT OF THE

Claim. — The construction and application of the tooth«head A, With its perforated ean '
D D, raised and notched flange B j, for holding and securing the teeth, in the manner speci-
fied.

Aso, the supporting and projecting base C, in combination with the projecting flange witk
its notch, for the additional purpose of attaching the springs, in the manner specified.

No. 38,770.— -Arthur F. Tait, of Morrisania, West Chester county, N. Y. — Impravememt
in Self' Priming Hammer for Fire-arms, — ^Patent dated June 2, J 863. — ^The chamhefed
hammer contains a magazine of percussion pellets, which are forced to the striking surface of
the hammer in the act of descent, by means of a spring lever and rod which project a pdlet
throu|^h a slot

Claim, — ^The combination of the lever C, spring g, slide B, and stop t n, with the hammer
A, magazine 6, and the inclined plane r, in the manner and for the purpose herein shown
and described.

No. 38,771. —Lewis Tees, of Philadelphia, Ta^^Improved Iron-clad Fcsstls.— Patent
dated Ju^e 2, ]8(>3. — This improvement relates to the exterior angular and curved form of
the vessel in connexion with the projecting ram, and is fully explained in the claim and
illustration.

Claim, — ^The combination of the prominent steel-tipped edge &, the inclined portion of ihe
vessel from the said edge to the spar-deck A, and the inclined or curved portion from the
edge 6, to a point below the water-line, the whole being arranged in respect to the gun-deck
B as set forth, for the purpose specified. •

No. .38,772. - Henry Underwood, of Tolland, Conn. — Improvement in Breech-loading
Fire-arm, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — This fire-arm has a single-chambered revolving
cylinder, the axis of which is in a horizontal position transverse to the axis of the barrel. The
cylinder is rotated by means of a dog attached to the hammer, which engages with teeth on
a ratchet on the axis of the cylinder. The upward movement of the hammer to haJf-cock
brings the cylinder to the position for loadin|2f, and to the full-cock, to the position for firing.

Claim. — First, combining the cylinder with the hammer by means of the ratchet teeth c c
d diathe cylinder, arranged in dinerent planes, and the dog F attached to the hammer and
' having two teeth ef set in planes to correspond with the ratchet teeth, substantially as and
for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the stop G applied in combination with the cylinder C and dog F, and operated
by a tooth on the said dog, substaotially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Third, the cam r^ and lever s, appMed in combination wim the dog F, substantially as and
for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,773.— Horace Trumbull, of Jersey City, N. J, - Improved Machine for Separ*
ating and Dressing Ores. — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — The water in the box is subjected
to an intermittent vertical motion, by means of the closure in of the disks on its sides, under
the influence of cams. This causes the water to permeate and loosen the bed of ground ore,
and by its agitation causes the heavier particles to seek the lower position.

Claim. — First, giving to the water a sudden rising movement, followed by a slowly £sdling
motion through the ore, substantially as herein shown and described.

Second, the disks B B arranged and operated by thec^am wheels C, and springs G, in com-
bination with the tank A, ore box I, and sieve or netting e^. as and for the purpose set fi»rth.

No. 38,774.— Sylv ANUS F. Van Choate, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Telegrmphie
Magnets, — Patent issued June 2, 1863; antedated April 26, 1862.— The object of Sua im-
provement in magnets is to reduce the amount of batteiy necessary to effect a given amount of
magpietic force, and to operate the sounders, when placed directly on the main line, without
the use of relays or local batteries. The peculiar construction of the magnets, and the arrange-
ment of the coils and armature, do not admit of a brief intelligible description. The sounders
are of different sizes, and are made adjustable, in reference to the hammer, according to the
magnetic force actuating the latter.

Claim. — First, the mode above described of making magnets, consisting of the parts G F
W W, and H W W, as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the mode above described of constructing and arranging the armature L, and lever
j, with reference to the coil and cores, in combination with the adjustable screw m, as set forth.

Third, the above-described mode of combining sounders, and the several parts thereof, widi
the adjustable screws and movable base to regulate the stroke of the hauimer, and to adapt
such sounders to the varying strength of the magnetic forces that may be working the anui-
ture, as above specified.

Fourtli, the use in magnets of bells or sounders of different sizes — that is, one smaller than
the other — as and for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, the sliding movable bar F, Fig. 4, with its slotted connexion, as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Sixth, in the construction of a magnet, the use of the parts described, viz., G F W W,
and H W' W^ in combination with the armature L, lever j, and bells or sounders A and B,
as and for the purpose specified.

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CaMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 463

No.38,775.— Hbnry VanDewater, of Worcester.Mass.— ffn;m>96iM«ii/iii WaUr Wheels,^
Patent dated June 2, 1863.— The invention relates to that class of wheels commonly called
** reaction,** and is used in connexion with a draught case, bj which the whole etfectivo force
of the fall of water may be utilized without placing the wheel at the lowest level. The foot
of the vertical shaft is stepped in a post which rests on a transverse support in the dmnght
case, and the post and step are enclosed in a conical chamber. The shape of the buckets
can hardly be clearly defined, but their upper edge is attached to the face of the hub, which is
the shape of an inverted frustum.

Claim, — First, the buckets U, constructed as shown, so as to conform to the shape of the
hub G, and provided with the lips k and segment flanges I, as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the pendent lips m attached to the under a\& of the rim I of the hub G, when ar-
• xansed relatively with the buckets H, to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Tnird, the combination of the hub G, buckets H, provided with the lips k and flanges I,
the pendent lips m and case C, provided with the chutes D^ all arranged to operate as and
•for tne purpose herein set forth.

Fourth, the inverted conical chamber F, placed below or underneath the wheel D, and en-
closing the step ot Uie shaft £, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,776.— P. Verbeck and O. T. Walker, of Neenah, Winnebago county. Wis.—
Improvement in Dampers. — ^Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The damper consists of two over-
lapping segmental disks, whose planes are a little apart, and connected at their sides by plates.

Claim, — A damper consisting of two segmental aisks A, which are connected by end pieces
B provided with gudgeons C, as and for the purpose shown and described.

No. 38,777.— Richard Vose and Charles D. Gibson, of New York, N. Y., assignors to
Charles S. S. Lenox, of same ^lace-^/mprovamexi in Car Borings, — Patent dated June 2,
1863. — ^This invention consists of a conical volute spring coiled around an non-elastic central
core. The spring rests upon a plate, between which and the timber of the truck is a disk of
rubber. Beneath the flanged box, under the frame of the car is another rubber spring, which
sits upon the core in the centre of the spring.

Claim. — First, combining a central non-elastic core B with a coiled metallic spring A, and
one or more compensating springs £ F, substantially in the manner and for the purpose here-
in set forth.

Second, combining a volute or helical spring with its 8up[>ortin|^ base, by means of a non-
elastic core within said spring, united to said base, substantially m the manner and for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,778.— Seth Wheeler, of Albany, N. Y.^Imprwtmtnt in Links for Railway
Horse-Powers, — Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The toothed plate, which is slotted for the re-
ception of the lag, is cast around the pins upon which the triction rollers revolve, and which
receive the adjacent links, and the cap or outer member of the link. This combined link,
consisting of a toothed plate, pins, friction rollers, §uid cap, is attached to similar links by a
toothed plate or single member link, which is likewise slotted for the insertion of the end of
the lo^ or section of the track.

Claim, — First, the connecting link a b, constructed as described, in combmation with fric-
tion rollers </, endless chain lin^ e, and lag H, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, the use of a link which has a short, hard-metal pin or journal, and a cast metal
body, united together in the act of casting, for the purpose set forth.

No. 33,779.— J. A. Woodward, of Plattville, Grant county. Wis.— /mprovemenf in TftrssA-
ing Machines, — ^Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The invention consists in using a suction spout
in combination with the threshing cylinder and slotted concave, which, by means of the at-
tached suction fan, remove the dust and light refuse from the grain, as it is passed from the
discharged orifice and falls upon the screens.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the suction spout G, fan J, screw E, and
screens N O, when applied to a threshing machine, or arranged in relation with a threshing
cylinder B and concave C, to operate conjointly therewith, as and for the purpose specifieci.

No. 38,780.— Leonard J. WorDen, of Utica, N. Y ^ - Improvement in Cast-iron Bottoms
for Teakettles, — Patent dated June 2, 1863:— The bottom is either cast around the lower
edge of the teakettle sides, or is cast around a hoop, which is afterwards soldered to the tea-
kettle.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, making the bottoms of teakettles of cast-iron,
by uniting it to and with the body of the vessel in the manner and for the purpose as hereui
described and set forth.

No. 38,781.— William A. Baker and George J. Hill, assignors to Themselves, Jay

pETTiBONE,«and Joseph Warren, all of Buffalo, Erie county, N. Y.— Printing Press,^

Patent dated June 2, 1863. — ^The invention consists in arrangements whereby, by one passage

. through the press, a continuous sheet of paper or card-board may be printed in two or more



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464 ANNUAL EEPORT OF THE

colon. This is accomplished by an intermittent feed-motion in combination with the recip-
rocating motion of two or more crosshcads, each carrying a form of type with an inkin? ap-
paratus attached thereto, which distributes the ink upon the face of the type daring the mter-
vals of the intermittent feed. Tlie intermittent feed is obtained by feea-arms npon a rock-
shaft, and the vertical reciprocating motion of the form-bearing crossheads is given by cams '
of peculiar construction. Provision is likewise made for feeding simultaneously distinct strips
of paper, &c.t with a varying length of feed to each, and a further provision for cutring into
strips the printed matter while passing it through the machine.

Claim. — First, the combination of two or more reciprocating crossheads B, each carrying
a form of type with an inking apparatus capable of inking each form of type with a different
color, and an intermittent fe^ motion, whereby cards or railroad tickets may be printed in ^
two or more different colors by one passi^ through the press, substantially as nerein de-*
scribed.

Seoond, the giving of a vertical reciprocating motion to the crossheads B, by means of
cams £, of such form as will cause them to remam stationary a certain length of time at each
end of their movement, in combination with a cam J, for giving a reciprocating motion to the
inking rollers 1 1, of such figure as will cause the inking rollers to pass under the crossheads
while they are up and stationary, and return, evenly distributing the ink upon the face of the
type, and to then remain stationary during the down-and-up movements of the crossheads,
suDstantially as described.

Third, the feeding arm P, spring foot Q, curved arm P4, elliptic spring P5, sprint catch B,
the lifting toes f2, and adjustable tripping screws S', with a feed-table having rollers R, the
whole combined and operating to form a variable intermittent feed-motion, substantially as
described.

Fourth, the arrangement of a number of the feeding arms P, or their equivalents, npon a
rock-shaft P^ and their combination with a printing press, so that they may be made to feed
simultaneously a number of distinct strips of paper or card-board, and to give any length of
feed desired to each strip, so that a number ot different tickets of different lengths may be
printed at each impression, substantially as herein set forth.

Fifth, the combination with a printing press of circular revolving cutters, by which a sheet
or roll of paper or card-board may be cut into any required number of strips while passing
through the machine, substantially as described.

No. 38,782.-7Jame8 Bidwell, of New York, N. T., assignor to Himself and William
W. Marston, of same place. — Machine for Facing Grindstones, — Patent dated June 2,
1863. — This invention consists in an adjustable carriage setting on the grindstone frame and
carrying a tool rest and a roller formed of a series of convoluted metallic disks, as wide as
the face of the grindstone, to which the tool rest and roller are advanced by sliding the car-
riage.

Claim. — First, the tool rest g in combination with the adjustable frame c, as specified,
whereby said tool rest is moved up to the stone as the stone wears, as set forth.

Seoond, the roller/ composed or a series of metallic disks, and taking the entire face of the
grindstone and pressed thereto, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Third, the combination of the roller/, tool rest g, and adjustable firame c, for the purposes
and as specified.

No. 38,783.— John C. Cookson, of Lancaster, Pa., assignor to Himself and David Rey-
nolds, of Indianapolis, Ind. — Improvement in Flour Bolts. — Patent dated June 2, 1863. —
Tliis screen is made of perforated metallic plate and is placed outside of the bolt, but on the
same shaft, and so closed externally that no bug can get into or upon the bolt. The screened
bran and meal enter the bolt, and the bran is discharged through the bran chamber C into a
place provided for it apart from the bolted flour.

Claim. — The metallic bug-screen F with its oblong slots, as shoym, surrounded by a cyl-
inder A which opens, by its entire circumference, directly intcf the bolt E, closed externally
and connected with the screen B, said bug-screen being closed on its inner end and plac^
outside of the bolt but on the same shatl, as shown, for the purpose specified.

Also, surrounding the bolt E with an external screen B providea with a cap or slotted
bran-chamber C in combination with the cylinder A, in the manner and for the purpose set
forth.

Also, the use of balls or knockers, when dfaiployed within a bug-screen.

No. 38,784.— William Elmer, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Andrew McKinnet,
of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Water Roq/ing Cloth, Leather, Sfc. — Patent dated June 2,
1863.— Explained by the claim.

Claim. — Rendering cloth and other texture impermeable to water and other fluids, by the



application of an elastic coating, the selenide or sulphide of caoutchouc or gutta-percha, and
griving increased body and durability to vegetable, woody, and animal fibrous textures, as

' satins, mixed goods,

m of alumina (or its
s and in such manne]

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silks, woollens, leather, gelatinous tissue, prunella, cotton, linen, satins, mixed goods, &#^,
by first subiecting such goods or articles to the action of a solution of alumina (or its bosia
salts) or other true mordants and ichthyocolla, in such proportions and in such manner as to



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 465

chemicanj combine the alnmina and icbthyocolla axMl form an insoluble composition which
combines chemically with the fibre of the cloth, making the three a chemical compound, and
subsequently subjecting the said goods to the series of actions, operations, or processes of
the chemical and other agents employed, as fully described in the foregoing specification, so
• that by these various processes and substances employed a texture is lulded to a fibrous tissue
and chemically united, forming a compact body, possessing great tenacity, flexibility, and at
the same time being water-proof. And this, whetner the precise chemicals before described
are employed and in the proportions named, or equivalent ones, and the processes varied, ac-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 76 of 164)