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above cover the trough and direct the haj to the central portion or hay rack.

Claim, — The combination of the hay rack C and troughs B B placed within a frame A,
provided with lids D D, and all arranged as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,897.— Charles Qoodtear, jr., of New York, N. Y.— Improved India- Rubber Whip

Socket, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863. — The socket is made of fabnc coated on both sides

' with vulcanizable soft India-rubber, which is rolled around a former and afterwards trimmed

and ornamented with bands, and stiffened by the insertion of a, collar at the opening. It is

afterwards vulcanized.

Claim. — ^The manufacture of soft Tulcanized India-rubber whip sockets, substantially as
hereinbefore described. ^

No. 38,898. — Geo. W. Gould, of Norwich, Conn. — Improved Power Mortising Machine. —
Patent df^ted June 16, 1863. — ^The improvements consist in the constraction of the four-sided
vertical frame with its guides at each comer to secure strength and solidity ; in the method
of supporting the table by the screw rods entering the foot rests ; and in the rack and lever
for lifting or lowering the table ; and, finally, in the auxiliary boring attachment operated
by hand wheels, pinions, and shafts, for raising, lowering, and traversing the tool for making
consecutive holes.

Claim, — First, the iron frame C, cast whole — top, bottom, and sides — and the arrange-
ment of the four guides, one on each comer of the same, D D D D, Fig. 3.

Second, the arrangement of the iron rods and screws £ £ connecting with the sleeves F F,
for the support of the rest B.

Third, the rack G andnever H, by which the rest is raised or lowered with ease and accu-
racy.

Fourth, the auxiliary borine attachment by which it is moved and held in position with-
out stopping the machine, and its connexion with the expanding attachment of the bit shaft,
and the pulley, frame, card and weight.

No. 38,899.— George £. Hayes, of Buffialo, N. Y. ^Improvement in Safetv Valves.^
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^This consists of an infusible plug, fastened into a nolo or seat
in the boiler by means of a fusible alloy, so that the plug will be driven out when the boiler
attains the fusing heat of the solder.

Claim, — ^The conical valve or plug 6, of infusible metal or alloy, soldered into the hole
or seat a, provided for its reception in the boiler or other vessel, by means of a fusible alloy,
substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,900.— John M. Horner, of San Jo86 Mission, Ca\,— Improved Washing Machine.^
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — The tub is mounted on legs, and two pendulous dashers sus-
pended from a rod supported by standards are worked by the vibrations of a lever through
connecting rods actuating the pivoted lever to which they are attached. The floor, which is
an arc of a circle, with the point of suspension of the dashers as a centre, has a plain surface
in the middle and a cormgated surface at the sides.

Claim. — First, the bottom of the reservoir or washing chamber having the plain central
and the curved and corrugated portions as recited, in combination with and in relation to the
mauls, as set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the vertical, weighted lever u, the horizontal rod t, the horizon-
tal lever p^ and the rods r, for operating the uprights and mauls, as herein described.

No. 38,901.— Morris L. Keen, of Rover's Ford, Montgomery county, 1?%,— Improved
Boiler for making Paper Pulp, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^The invention consists in
connecting the man or feed-hole in the shell of the boiler with the man or feed-hole through
the diaphmgm by a perforated well or cylinder, so that the material can be charged through
said well into the boiler without falling upon or clogging the perforated diaphragm ; also, in
the valve and discharge hole through which the pulp is discharged under pressure.

• Claim, — First, a boiler provided with a perforated diaphragm emd well, or thoir substantial
equivalents, arranged in the manner and for the purpose described.

• Also, in combination with the boiler, the arrangement of the discharge pipe and valve, for
th^purpose of blowing out or discharging the contents of the boiler under pressure, substan-
tially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,902.— James A. Lawson, of Troy, N. Y.^ Improvement in Ash Pa«».— Patent
issued June 16, 1863 ; antedated April 17, 1863.— The pan has a withdrawing handle, and
a bail by which to cariy it. The preponderating weight being in front, the bail is kept
vertical in carrying^ by stops, ag:ain8t which the bail impiuffes.

Claim. — The bail C, m combination with the ash pan drawer A, and with the stops a a
and handle B, substantially as and for the purposes as herein described and set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 485

No. 38,903.— Orrw D. Lull, of Watkins, Schuyler county, N. Y, -^Improvement in
Breeek4oatUng Firearm, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863.— The barrel is open from end to end,
and the load placed in a tubular charge chamber attached to the breech piece, to which latter
the nipple is secured. The hammer slides longitudinally in a slot in the small of the stock,
and is held in its retracted position by a dog, which is freed by the trigger, the hammer
being projected by a spring operating on a lever, and rod at the rear of the hammer. Tho
breech piece is held a^iust the recoil of the charge by a partial rotation, which engages it in
a notch in the edge ot i be slot in which the hammer traverses.

Claim, — First, the cartridge L M, constructed substantially as set forth in the described
combination, with the longitudinally sliding hammer «, open barrel B, longitudinal slot a,
and lateral cavity a^ arrai^^ to operate as explained.

Second, the combination of the sliding hammer C, spring D, rods E E, and lever 0, con-
structed, arranged, and operating as described, in connexion with the cylindrical metallic
cartridge L M and longitudinal nipple N.

Third, the specific arrangement of the dog H, spring I, trigger J, and set screw K, in
combination with the sliding hammer C.

No. 88,904. — JosiAH Ltman, of Lenox, Berkshire county, Mass. — Improvement in Dravght-
ing Scales,— TAteni dated June 16, 1863. — This consists of a hollow metallic scale of a
prismatic shape, and graduated on each face. On one end is a set screw, with a thread ou
Its interior end, whose pitch is equal to the finest subdivisions of the coarsest scale. On the
shiuik of this screw is a micrometer circle, adapted to the scale in use, the circles being
changeable, and each one adapted to its appropriate scale. The end of the scale beyond
the zero mark is moved out by the motion of the set screw, and the motion read by tho
micrometer measure to g^reat exactness. Other devices are explained in the claim.

C/atm.-^FiiiBt, the combination and arrangement, in the manner described and for the
purpose set fortl^ of a triangular and quadrangular scale with a screw micrometer, by which
distances on paper or otherwise may be measured, read, or laid down with mathematical
precision.

Second, the arrangement, as set forth, for exchanging one micrometer circle for another
suited to any one of the several scales.

Third, the peculiar arrangement of the screw tube, by which a smooth, uniform fnction
is given to its action, and all perceptible error from play or other causes is excluded from the
readings of the micrometer circle.

Fourth, the arrangement, as set forth, of the spring attachment, by which this draughting
scale may be brought into connexion with and become a part of the protracting trignometer.

No. 38,905.— RoBEjRT J. Marcher, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Moulding
Pottery Ware, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863. — This invention is intended to mould elliptical
dishes, and consists of an upright eccentric lathe and a jp^ieldin^ former on a descending
lever, which is pivoted to the frame of the machine. The former is moved in and out longi-
tudinally by a wheel operating a guide on the lever, so as to flute the edge of the dish.

C/atm.— First, the combination of an eccentric chuck or lathe and a mould, arranged
substantially as herein shown and described.

Second, the bar H, with a pendant plate or former k attached, hi combination with the
mould and eccentric chuck or lathe, for the purpose specified.

Third, the cam O and spring N, or its equivalent, arranged to operate in connexion with
^ the plate or former k^ mould L, and eccentric chuck or lathe, for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,906.— LooBins G. Marshall, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Self and Andrew
Cochrane. — Improvement in Furnaces for Reducing and Smelting Ores, — Patent dated
June 16, 1863. — Ihis consists of a central furnace with four radial wings, in which the molten
metal is refined. At the top of the stack is a reservoir of heated water, which is conducted
down by pipes and mixed with petroleum, &c, and passes from the lower reservoir to be
conducted to the refining chambers, which have inclined grate bars for the wing furnaces
and a movable top with slide doors through which to inspect the progress of the operation.

Claim. — The arrangement of the reservoir of water at top of stack, in combination with
a reservoir at side of stack, ^containing the refining flux, ) with their connecting pipes, that
conduct the heated water ana flux to the side wings below.

A)60, the four side win^ with their connecting pipes, movable top, and perforated incline
bed, as arranged in combination with the smelting furnace, for the purpose of smelting and
refining the ores and drawing o£f the fluid continually while the fluxing is going on in the
bosh.

No. 38,907.— J. J. McCoRMiCK, of Brooklyn, E. D., N. Y.— Improvement in 5^<«.— Patent
dated June 16, 1863. — ^The foot-stand is made of sheet metal, with the heel socket struck up,
and the heel retained therein by a set screw in the rear. Spring clamps on the sides embrace
the sole opposite the ball of the foot, and stirrup are provided for the attachment of the
straps.

Claim, — ^A foot-stand A for a skate, struck up, with the socket a for the heel out of one
piece of sheet metal, in the manner shown and described.



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486 ANNUAL EEPOBT OF THE

Also, as a new article of mazmfactnre, a skate having a foot-stand with the socket for the
heel stmck up oat of one piece of sheet metal, and provided with a set screw b and spring
clamps c, as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,908.— John IIeyer, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-^fmproved Boring itfocAiwe.— Patent dated
June 16, 1863. — The object is to connect the driving ^ear with the line shaft, and admit of
the shifting of the position of the boring apparfbtos. The invention consists in the applica-
tion to the line shaft of a disk, adjustable round the centre of said ^haft, in combmatioo
with an extension shaft with universal joints, by which arrangement motion is transmitted
to the bore spindle in such a manner that the drill can be earned and operated in any direc-
tion round the centre of the driving shaft. .

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the adjustable disk D on the shaft B, in combination with
the bevel gear E F, extension shaft G, bevel ^ear I J, curved rotary arm A, and bore spindle
H, all constructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and
described. ^

No. .38,909.— Julius A. Pease, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in Shirt Collars.— Fateni
dated June 16, 1863. — The metal frame is covered with water-proof enameled cloth, so as to
preserve its shape and be readily cleansed.

Claim. — A shirt collar made by covering a metal frame with Mtftter-proof enamelled doth
or other material, substantially as before described.

No. 38,910. — Simeon S. Post, of Jersev City, "S. J. -^Improvement in Iron Bridges.—
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^The object of this invention i^ to obviate the injurious effects
of expansion and contraction in bridges of this class by so connecting the parts to each other
by bolts that they have a certain degree of motion by revolving upon the bolts which form
a pivotal connexion.

Claim. — ^First, the joint box-connecting segments of the top chord or plate, and also
rocdving the heads of the posts or struts and braces, with the loose pin k passing through
the whole.

Second, a cvlindrical joint in the construction of a bridge, as shown at B, irrespective of
its location, when used for\the purpose of obviating the dangers of expansion and contraction.

Third, the slotted chord, when used in connexion with the cylindrical joint, and for the
same purpose.

Fourth, the construction of the chord when used in combination with the cylindrical joint,
substantially as described and shown.

No. 38,911.— Van Rensselaer Powell, of Troy, N. Y,— Machine for Splitting Match
Blocks. — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — The match blocks are fed with a coniinuous motion
under a guillotine knife by means of feed-rollers, and the knife is carried forward by the block
and returns to its proper place at the next stroke. The pressor between the feed-rollers and
the knife holds the block steady, and the shape of the Im allows the block to tixpand on itik
upper surface by the division of its parts. The claims are full and explicit

Claim. — First, the combination of a suitable bed or support A for the match blocks, a
splitting knife R, having a^ edgewise reciprocating movement toward and from, but not to
or past the said bed, a set of feed-rolls C\ and a pressor D, whereby each succeeding
match block is moved alon^ on the bed and pressed against, and thereby made to bupport
and feed to and past the knife the rear portion of the next preceding block, substantially as
herein described.

Second, the combination of a match block support A, presser D, feed-rolls C C, and a split-
ting knife B,' having an edgewise reciprocating movement toward and from, but not to or
past the said match-block support, and also a movement sideways so that 'the knife wiU
follow the inclination of the grain of the wood in splitting into the block,. and return to the

S roper place for starting a new split on withdrawing from the block, substantifdly as herein
escribed.

, Third, a match-block splitter having devices for holding match-blocks and successively
feeding them with an uninterrupted or continuous movement to a splitting knife mounted so
as to strike into but not through the match-block, and be moved sideways with and by the
moving block while in the latter and be returned to the proper place to make a new cut upon
being drawn out of the moving block, substantially as herein set forth.

Fourth, the spurs or i)rojections £, when arranged in combination with a bed A, splittiii^
knife B, presser D. and feed-rolls C C', or their equivalent, for pushing the match-block alon^
on the bed and past the splitting knife by means of a succeeding match-block, substantially
as herein described.

Fifth, the jnelding holder G, when arranged in combination with a splitting knife B, pres-
sor D, feed-rolls C C', and bed A, with or without the spurs £, as herein described.

Sixth, the supplemental presser I, when arranged in combination with the shedding presser
D, bed A, knife JB, and fe^-rolis C Cf substantially as herein descrihed«



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 4$7

No. 38,912,— Samuel Ray, of AJliance, Stark county, Ohlo.^lmfrwement in Moulds for
Casting Sheaves, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a plate or *^ lifter**
with one or more holes, which, in addition to its use for lifline the main body of the monld,
serves to support the latter and prevent it from being crushed by the upper part of the flask
being closed on it after the patterns are withdrawn.

Cmim. — ^The employment or «se of the plate or ** lifter** B, in combination with the follow
board A and flasks C D» all constructed and operating in* the manner and for the purpose
substantially as shown and described.

No. 38,913.— Wm. F. Redding, of Utica, N. Y,-— Improvement in Fastening for Blind
Slats. — Patent dated June 16, 1863.1— 'A rod is secured to the slat bar, and a loop on its end
clasps an elastic which is provided with depressions to retain the loop at the point for which
it is adjusted.

Claim, — ^The rod D, secured to the lower slat rod 6', and provided with an eye d at its
lower end, in combination with the spring or elastic plate E, provided with recesses/, and
secured to the lower cross-piece e of the blind, either with or withoat the plate D*, as and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,914.— J. J. Richardson, of Woodstock, Windsor county, Yt^Improvement in
Wremskes, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^This ratchet wrench is arranged with a double
shank centred in sockets in the ratchet wheel, and two spring pawls engaging with the
teeth of the ratchet to rotate it.

Claim, — ^The ratchet C, provided with two bosses d rf, which are fitted loosely in eyes at
the ends of the parts a a' of the shank B, in combination with the pawls £ E^ spring F,
and removable socket D, all arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 38,915.— Charles E.' Rowan, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Riu-Cleaners.^ .
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^This invention consists of headed pins introduced through
metallic plates, which are then secured to the respective surfaces of the rotating cylinder and
the stationary concave, the plates being removable for the replacing of the pins, which are
leqoired to Imve sharp angles to perform the work effectually.

Claim, — ^The movable perforated metallic plates, receiving the headed pins as aforesaid,
and applied to the surfaces of rice-cleaniiig machines, for the purposes and as specified.

No. 38,916.— Gelston Sanford and James E. Mallory, of New York, N. Y.— A»-
provement in Machines for Breaking and Cleaning Flax^ Hemp, 8fc, — Patent dated June 16,
1863. — ^The flax or hemp is fed from a table between a large fluted roller having a continuous
rotary motion, and two smaller ones whose axes are concentric with the larger one, and
which are joumalled on two forks of vibrating levers, so as by the vibration to receive a re-
ciprocating rotaiy motion by the engagement of their ribs or teeth with those of the larger
one. s

Claim, — The combination of the large fluted roller, having a continuous and regular ro-
tary motion as described, in combination with one or more small fluted rollers having a recip-
rocating rotary motion imparted substantially as herein described, the flutes of the small
roller or rollers meshing into the flutes of the large roller, and rolling alternately in opposite
directions on the periphery thereof, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,917,— Thomas Sharp, of Chicago, JW,— Improvement in Frogs for Railroad
Switches, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^This firog h^a an additional groove to admit of the
passage of a car wheel with two flanges. The rail or track is made of wrought or malleable
iron imbedded in cast-iron and fastened thereto by bolts.

^ Claim, — First, providing the frog of a railroad switch with an additional groove, substan-
tially as and for the purposes herein specified and shown.

Second, the combination of the wrought-iron or malleable iron track with the cast-iron bed
or base, substantially^ in the manner and for the purpose herein delineated and set forth.

No. 38,918.— Jacob Shavor and Albert C. Corse, of Troy, N. Y, ^Improvement in
Cooking Stoves, — Pfi^nt dated June 16, 1863. — ^The stove is constructed with a damper in
the front door, and one in a plate extending from the grate to an inner front plate, so as to
bring the draueht entering at the front downwards through the damper opening and under
' the fire. An air tube is interposed between the ash-pit and fire-chamber and the oven, the
air circulating through which passes in part to the fire-chamber and partly to the oven.

Claim, — ^The combination of the damper d with the front plate t and with the fire-box or
chamber a, substantially as herein described and set forth.

Also, the combination of the air tube o with the curved or inclined plate io, and with the
air-chamber t, substantially as herein described and set forth.

■ No. 38,919.— S.\MUEL Smith and William H. Fludder, of Newport, R. 1,— Improved
Means of Setting up Ship's Rigging, ^V&tcnt dated June 16, 1863. — This is an improved
metallic lanyard attached to the shroud or stay, and operated by meana of screw blocks and
screws, by which it is shortened to ** set up ** the shroud or stay.



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488 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Claim, — ^First, the lanyard composed of a metal tabe A and rod B, combined with eadi
other, and with the shroud, stay, or other portion of the standing rigging, substantially as
herein specified.

Second, the employment in* combination with such lanyard of a strap 2, or its equivalent,
screw blocks F F' and a screw or screws G, substantially as and for the purpose herein
described.

No. 38,920.— David M. Smith, of Springfield, Windsor county, Vt. - /iii»rof>eiiieiit in
Spring-hook Fastening for Garments. — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — One ena of the hook
shank is permanently attached to the button, and the other can be taken out of the slot in
which it is secured, and after being passed around or through the article to be clasped, is in-
troduced into the slot in the plate at the back of the button and retained by the elasticity of
the spring against the end or the slot.

Claim, — Extending the free or disengaged end a' of the spring or elastic hook B throag:fa
an oblong slot b in tne back plate c of the button or knob A, substantially as and for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,921.— Horace Smith and D. B. Wesson, of Springfield, HasB.-^Improvement in
Revolving Fire-arms, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — In tnis fire-arm the chambers^extend
through the cylinder, the cartridge bein^ entered from the rear, and the invention consists in
fitting the recoil shield with a movable breech-pin, which is advanced by the hammer in the
act of striking, to support the exploding cartridge, and moving back again with the retrac-
tion of the hanmier to enable the cylinder to revolve finely.

Claim. — ^The movable breech-pin C, applied in combination with the revolvine cylinder
having its chambers extended through its rear, to operate substantially as and for the purpose
herein specified.

No. 38,922.— Joseph A. Talpey, Somerville, Middlesex county, Mass.— C«iUrifi^ Device
for Lathes, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^This instrument is intended for centring the
ends of shafts, &c, for turning, and consists of a tube with attached pivoted arms and a
conical slide, and having fitted within it a punch with a helical spring, so that b^ placing
the tube against the end of the shaft with the arms grasping its periphery, the tube is centred
upon the shaft, and the punch is ready for driving.

Claim. — The tube A, punch B, arms £, and conical slide F, all combined and arranged to
operate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,923.— Nathaniel Waterman, of Boston, Usisa,— Improved Friction Match Stand.—
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^The metallic match stand is in the form of a firustum of a pyra-
mid with a base. It has a hollow on the top for the matches, fluted sides, and a trough
hollowed out of the base to catch the droppings from the igniting ipatch.

Claim, — The above-described improved match stand and IrubDer made with the receiving
or intercepting channel applied to or aboiit its .base, as specified.

Also, the match stand as made with the intercepting channel, and with the flatings or
gprooves arranged with respect to the said channel as specified.

No. 38,924.— George Wicke, of New •York, N. Y, —Machine for Nailing Boxes,—
Patent dated June 16, 1863. — The parts of the box are placed together on the rest and against
the upright in suitable relation to the spring jaws which hold the nails, over each of which
is a plunger operated by a foot lever and cam. The conical collars open the jaws and allow
the nead of tne nails to pass, and the shape of the cam determines the depression of the
plunger.

Cuiim, — First, the employment of the grooved spring jaws H, substantially as described,
for the purpose of receiving the nails, and to guide them to their proper places.

Second, the combination with the spring j a wd H, of the rising and falling plunger £, con-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 81 of 164)