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structed and operatinfl^ substantially as and for the purpose described.

Third, arranging tne plunger £ with a disk-shaped collar t, or its equivalent, to operate
in combination wim the spring jaws H, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

FoiArth, the arrangement of the circular portion e^on the cam to operate in combination
with the gate B and treadle <2, substantially as and for the purpose setrforth.

Fifth, tne arrangement and combination of one or more acyustable carriages F, table J, tfnd
slide L, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as specified.

No. 38,925. — ^A. T. Wright, of Oskaloosa, Mahaska county, Iowa, — Improvement t«
Beehives, — ^Patent dated June 16, 1863. The hive is formed of a series of frames laid along-
side of each other on a trestle or support and clamped together by bars, staples, and wedges.
The roof is fastened on by hooks ana an alighting IxMird provided on the trestle.

Claim, — First, the emplo^ent or use of a series of frames/, placed upon a suitable trestle
or support A, and secured m proper contact with each other by means of a clamping device
formed of the longitudinal bars C, cross-bal^ £, springs I, bars H, and with or without the
wedges J, all arranged and combined substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the roof or cover k applied to the frames /and secured tnereto and to the trestle A,
by means of the hook 2, formed at the ends of rods L, provided with springs M, subetantialiy
as set forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS.* 469







Third, the trestle A, constn^cted substantially as shown and prorided with an alighting^
board <f, when used in connexion with the hive formed of the frames/ clamped together sub-
stantialij as herein described.

No. 38,926.— P. J. Clark, of West Meriden, Conn., assignor to S. 0. Clark, of same
place. — Improvement in Lamp Burners, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — From the lid of the
oil chamber arise two wick tubes with arc-shaped horizontal sections. The inner sides of
these tubes are lower than the outer, and the tubes enclose an inner space. The wicks are
operated independently by thumb-screw and pinion, and the other portions of the lamp are
of the usual construction. <

Claim, — ^The.two inclined wick tubes d rf, when closed by plates/ at their edges or narrow
sides to form a draught-space ^, and provided with elevated outer sides 2 and inner sides J
on a level with the upper edges of the plate/, and fitted at their lower ends in a box a, into
which air is admitted into the space g^ formed by the wick tubes and plates/ the wick tubes
being curved in their horizontal section, and all arranged as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

No. 38,927.— WiLLL\M G. Cook, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Ellen L. Demorest,
of same place. — Improvement in Setoing Machines, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — In this
sewing machine the cloth is fed in between rollers and is corrugated so that the needle may
pass straight through, making a running stitch. The rollers are m a vibrating frame which
alternately brings toe head of the needle against the thimble, and then detaching it there-
from feeds the cloth by means of a tooth past the head of the needle.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of the feeding and needle-holding rollers a a' 6 6' in a vi-
brating frame C D, substantially as and for the purpose herein specibcd.

Second, the reciprocating thimble G applied in combination with the feeding and needle-
holding rollers a a' b h\ to operate substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

Third, the tooth T applied to operate in combination with the reciprocating thimble G and
feeding and needle-holding rollers aa' h h\ to operate substantially as and for the purpose
herein specified.

No. 38,928.— Platt C. Ingersoll, of Greenpoint, Kings county, N. Y., assignor to
Himself and H. F. Dougherty, of same place. — Improved Mode of Fastening Doors of Hay
and Cotton Presses. — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in a series of
levers hinged upon the door of the press and engaging clevises in the frame by which the
doors are closed and retained by catches.

Claim, — First, the levers C attached to the doors of a pre^ with their fastenings E and
F, as and for the purpose described.

Second, the levers 1, and their mode of hanging, fastening, and operating, as and for the
purpose specified.

Third, the projections G, for the purpose described. '

No. 38,929.— H. W. Hensel and L. D. Valleton, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignors toH.
W. Hensel, of same place. — Imvrovement in Jacquard Looms. — Patent issued June 16,
1863; antedated May 23, 1862. — ^Ihis invention is designed for looms weaving coach lace,
braid, and other narrow fabrics, and the improvement consists of a sliding bar having a hori-
zontal projection arranged on the lathe of the loom, operating so as to keep the warp threads
open while the reed is beating the weft thread up into the fabric.

Claim, — ^The sliding bar H and the horizontal projection i arranged on the lathe of a
jacquard loom in respect to the warp threads, substantially as set forUi, for operating on the
saia warp threads in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,930.— Edward Ditiuudge, of Pittsburg, Pa., assignor to Edward D. Dith-
ridge, of same place. — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — ^Explained by the claims.

Claim, — The annealing of glassware by enclosing it immediately after it is made, and
while yet hot, in close compartments or boxes of such size as that the air confined ^ereiu
will be readily heated by the elass article or articles placed therein, and keeping the glass-
ware thus confined and excluded from the external air until it becomes cold or nearly so ;
thereby securing the gradual cooling of glassware without the use of leers or the application
of artificial heat other than that which is contained in the articles themselves when placed in
the annealing boxes.

Also, the use of annealing apparatus for glassware, consisting of a series of compartments
capable of being readily closea as the glass articles are placed therein, and constructed of
wood, fire-brick, or other suitable substance, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
poses hereinbefore set forth.

No. 38,931.— James S. McCurdy, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Ellas Howe, ir., of
same place. — Improvement in Sewing Machines, — Patent dated Juuq 16, 1863. — This ma-
chine makes a single-thread stitch, and the improvement consists in a detached independent
looper which revolves in a circular jjroove formed in the solid end of the cylinder. The
louper is an arc of more than half a circle, and is se^nicirculau* in section, forked on the rear



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490 • ANNUAL REPOET OP THE

end, and with a small curved spring. It is rotated bj a driving disk on the main shaft, and
an intervening rine or plate keeps them from contact.

C/aim.— First, the spring m applied to the detached or independent revolving looper, sab-
Btantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the plate A applied in combination with the revolving looper and the looper-driving
disk G, substantially as and for the purpose herein speci^ed.

No. 38,932.— Geo. H. Parsons, of East Eddington, Penobscot county, Me., administra-
tor of Harvey M. Parsons, deceased, and Thomas N. Egerey, of Bangor, Me. — Im-
proved Machine for Sawing Shingles and Staves, — Patent dated June 16, 1863. — The inven-
tion consists of a swinging or vibrating bolt-frame provided with dogs and a feed mechanism
of ratchets and levers by which the oolt is fed automatically to the saw which cuts the
shingles from the bolt. The bolt is grasped between cylinders under the influence of a
weigot, and the frame thrown forward towards the saw by a rack and pinion, and af^ the
cut IS made the frame is returned and the toothed cylinders revolving teed the bolt forward
in the frame.

Claim, — First, the swinging bolt-frame N, arranged to operate in connexion with the <ar-
cular saw B, through the memum of the segment rack'O, pulley P on shaft H, arm I, lever
J, and the serrated arm D\ or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose herein
set forth.

Second, the manner of feeding the bolt H' forward in the bolt-frame, as herein described,
to wit, by means of the Ratchets R W, pawls e /*, bent levers S X, connected by the b^ g
and the bar m, all arranged substantially as set forth.

Third, the toothed cyhnder placed in the bolt-frame N, and arranged to operate as and for
the purpose herein set forth.

No. 38,933.— John Pomeroy, of Derby, New Haven county. Conn., assignor to Henry
A. Shopman and Robert Hoadley, of same place. — Improvemenl in Lamp-wick Regulator.
— ^Patent dated June 16, 1^3. — ^The centre pin is upset so as to form a collar on each side of
the spur-wheel and fill up the octagonal-shaped hole in the wheel so as to secure the wick-
■luisin^ wheel firmly to the shaft.

Claim, — The combination of one or more spur-wheels with the centre pin or axis fastened
together by upsetting the centre pin so as to nil a polygonal hole in each spur-wheel and
form a collar on each side of it, substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,934.— Lucius W. Pond, of Worcester, Mass., assignor to Himself and John BL
Vickers, of same place. — Imjnrovement in Revolving Fire-arms, — Patent dated Jime 16,
1863. — ^The chambers have limng thimbles or tubes which are connected at their front ends
by a ring £tting against the front of the cylinder so that they can all bo withdrawn for loading
and all be replaced at once.

Claim, — ^The connexion of the several lining thimbles or tubes C at their front ends by
means of a ring or flange D, substantially as and iqf the purpose herein specified.

No. 38,935. — Albert Ball, of Worcester, Mass. — Improvement in Self-Loading Fire-
arm. — Patent dated June 23, 18i53.— This invention consists in a peculiar and simple arrange-
ment of parts in a self-charging breech-loading fire-arm, whereby the cartridge as it is pas»^
to the rear out of the longitudinal magazine is carried by the charging carriage upwards and
forwards, thrust into its place, and securely locked there by the motion of the trigger.

Claim, — ^First, the combination of D and the charging carriage, as above set forth and
described.

Second, the combination of the locking piece P, charging carriage O, and tumbler I, when
constructed and operating in the manner and for the purposes above set forth and desciibed.

No. 38,936.— Nathan Badgley, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Lever Jacks.—
Patent dated June 23, 1863. — This improvement consists in the form and application of a re-
ciprocating lever on the inside of the jack frame and a curved slot with bearings in each of
the sides of the frame.

Claim, — The shape and construction of the reciprocating lever L, operating as herein de-
scribed.

Also, the curved slot with its bearings on each side of the frame D.

Also, the arrangement and combination of the devices of the plate H, lever L with B, ar-
ranged and combmed as herein described.

No. 38,937. — ^Myron J. Barcalo, of Mount Morris, Livingston county, N. Y,— Improve-
ment in Grain Separator, — ^Patent dated June 23, 1863.— This invention consists in the ap-

EUcation of a plate of metal immediately below the discharging point of the grain from the
opper and overlapping the point of junction of the upper riddle and the floor of the shoe,
and also of the separating plate on the outer edge ot the seoond riddle, the two being de-
signed to secure Sclent action.

Claim, — The application of the plate/ to the upper end of the screen B, covering not only



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 491

the joint of the screen and the chnte, buithe rough edge of the wire eange and sereral rows
of tne meshes nearest to the upper end of the fhuae of the screen, substantiallj as herein set
forth.

Also, the separator plate D in combinadon with the plate/, and operating substantially as
herein described and set forth.

No. 38,938.— Gardner T. Barker, of Pittsfield, Berkshire county, Umb,— Improved
Skating Boots.— Patent dated June 23, 1863. — This improvement consists in a more effectual
mode of securiog the runner to the boot by making tenons on the runner which enter mortises
on the sole and heel of the boot, giving a stronger attachment than can be secured by the
usual screws.

ClMtn, — ^The improved construction of tthe runner e and its Application to a boot or shoe,
substantially as described.

No. 38,939 — HOBCER J. Blakeslee, of Concord, Erie county, Pa.— /m^rovement tii Rail'
road Car Couplings, — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — ^The object of the improvement is to
enable the cars to become self-locked as they come in contact, and it is accomplished by cau8*>
ing the link which protrudes from one of the stocks to push aeainst an inclined bar and trip
the collar to which the locking bolt is attached, causing it to fall and connect the cars.

C/oim.— The sliding bolt E £, the collar H, the falling bolt F, the link N, when the same
are constructed as described, lEmd in the aforesaid combination, for the purposes set forth.

No. 38,940.— Pierre A. F. Boboeup, of Paris, France.— /mjwoccnwiU in Preparation$ to
serve as Hemostatic and Antiseptic Agents, — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — The invention
consists in preparing hemostatic and antiseptic agents by separating phenates and other alka-
line salts from coal tar or other like substances containing phenic acid, creosote, ^c

Claim, — The manufacture and application, as hemostatic and antiseptic agents, of alkaline
" phenates ** and salts obtained by means of mineral and ve^table essential oils soluble in
caustic soda or potash, in manner and for the purposes hereinbefore described.

No. 38,941.— E. S. BoYNTON, of Alexandria, Va.— /mproremeiit in VomU Copers.— Patent
issued June 23, 1863 ; antedated January 3, 1S62. — ^The invention consists in placing sash
in sliding grooves beneath the usual grated or perforated covers for vaults.

Claim, — Lighting and ventilating subterranean or lower apartments, by means of a me-
tallic frame in combination with sasn, with glass fitted and sliding therein, the glass bein|p
protected by an open iron grating, or perforated cover, constructed substantially as described.

No. 38,942.— N. A. BoYNTON, of New York, N. Y.—Imjrrovement in Stores.— Patent dated
June 23, 1863.— As the claim indicates, the invention consists in making in one piece all the
parts of the stove, which are enumerated and shown.

Claim. — Making the magazine cylinder, fire-chamber, fire-flues, gas* chamber, and window
projections ail in one piece, as herein shown and described.

No. 38,943. — Christopher C. Brand, of Norwich, Conn. — Improvement in Breech-load-
ing Fire-arm. — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — ^This invention consists mainly in an arrange-
ment for withdrawal of the flanged metallic case of the cartridge after discharge, and consists
of a pendant hook which receives the lower edge of the flange of the cartnage cabling, the
hammer holding it firmly in the recess of the hook, being there held in suitable position to
enter the orifice at the breech. The trigger is attached on^ to the stock, having no connex-
ion with the lock when the breech-pin is withdrawn and being brought into contact by the
closing of the breech -pin.

Claim, — First, the combination of a sliding breech-block with a hiAnmer and pendant hook
to seize and hold the cartridge by its flan^^ but, the arrangement being such that the hook
is actuated by the hammer to operate m co;mexion therewith, substantially as herein set
forth.

Second, the combination of a breech-pin sliding to and from the barrel, but out of the line
of its axis, with a hook and hammer to seize andhold the cartridge bv its flanged but, the
arrangement beingsuch as to allow the cartridge to move on the hook as fulcrum, as the breech-
pin recedes from or approaches to the but of the barrel, substantially as herein e:et forth.

Third, in combination with a sliding breech-pin provided with books, or their equivalent,
to receive and hold the cartridge, and moving tc^ther with the lock in a recess in tne stock,
a trigger directly connected with the stock and operating the lock only when the breech is
clos^ substantially as herein set forth.

No. 38,944.— Sylvester Brisack, of Walton. Delaware county, N. Y,^ Improvement in
Railroad CAatrs.— Patent issued June 23, 1863; antedated October 21,186^— This chair
consists of an iron block grooved in its upper surface to admit of two ends of rails being
slipped in and meeting midway, the groove being of such a shape that it ma^ be placed under
the rail without entenng the rail at the end, and being fastencKl in its position by a wedge,
which holds the foot flfi^oge of the rail and supports the track flange.



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492 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Claim. — ^The constrac^on of a railroad chair in snch a manner that it may be used for
coupling the rails or fastening them on the ties, and maj be placed on the rails without dis-
placing them ; and also the entire inner construction as shown in the drawings and descrip-
tion, and also the entire form of the wedge as so shown, which together are so constructed as
to securely fasten the rails in the chair and also act as a bracket to support the head of the
rail and prevent its springing or turning, and so constructed also that the pressure of the wedge
acts as a cramp or spring on the rail so as to hold the rail and wedge firmly when contracted
by cold, and allow the parts to eive when expanded by heat, so as to avoid breaking, and also
so as to receive all pressure on the rail to act directly on the centre of the web a&d foot of the
rail and on the centre of the chair.

t

No. 38,945.^-James Buckneli^, of Decorah, Winnesheik county, Iowa. — hnprovememt in
Apparatus for Evaporating Saccharine Liquids. — Patent dated June 23, 1863.— iThis evapo-
rator consists in a series of movable pans on wheels, which run on an elliptical track, exposed
during a part of their revolution to the heat of the fui-nace; also a stationary pan, bade of the
movable pans, and exposed to the escape heat from the main' furnace.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of two endless tracks B C, in combination with wheeh-d-
pans A, and fire-place £, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose sub-
stantially as shown and described.

Second, the arrangement of the double flues c d and stationary pan G, in combination with
the fireplace £, flues D, and movable pans A, constructed and operating substantially as and
for the purpose specified.

No. 38,946.— I^EDERICK D. Chase, of Boston, ^2^^.— Improvement in Ventilators,—
Patent dated June 23, 1863. — ^The smoke-pipe projecting tbrougn the deck is surrounded by
a frustum, which keeps it in place and out of contact therewitn; above this is a cap venti-
lator, larger in diameter than the smoke-pipe, and passing between the latter and the upper
edge of the frustum. In the annular orifice between the cap and the pipe the proceeds of
ventilation pass, having escaped from the cabin through holes in the base of the frustum, the
latter forming the deck plate.

C/atm.— The above-described deck-guard and ventilator, the combination of the annular
rain cap F and air opening 6, with the smoke-pipe £, the ventilating passage a and its air-
receiver G, provided with inlets and a register as specified.

Also, the combination of the cap plaie A with the air-receiver G, its smoke-pipe £ and
fastening plate B, by means of the adjustable pipe C applied to, and so as to be capable of
sliding into the frustum D, and made to circumscribe the smoke-pipe, substantially as and
for the purposes hereinbefore specified.

No. 38,947. — G. F. J. Colburn, of Newark, N. J — Improvement in Glass Chimneys for
Lamps. — Patent issued June 23, 1863; antedated October 3, 1862. — The invention consists
in moulding or casting glass handles upon the sides of the chimney.

Claim. — A glass lamp chimney A, with one or more glass handles or projections B, sub-
stantially as de;,ciibed.

No. .*^,948.— Emanuel Cole, of Dryden, Tompkins county, N. Y.— Improvement in Clean^
ingf Hulling^ and Grinding Grain. — ^Patent dated June 23, 1862. — In this mill the lower
stone is rotated by the revolution of its supporting spindle, and the upper stone is suspended
by pivots in a frame B, which sets on the main frame'of the husk. When the upper stone
needs dressing the frame B is run out on the ways, and the lid being removed, the screws
F are turned so as to withdraw them, and the stone is turned over upon its pivots £ so as to
expose its working surface.

The cleaned or hulled grain or the meal is received as it falls from between the stones in
an inverted conical chamber, where it is collected, and from whence it is discharged by the
opening at the bottom.

Claim. — ^First, the means substantially as herein described by which the stone D is secured
in the removable frame B, for the purpose set forth.

Second, the means substantially as herein described bv which the top stone D and its con-
nexions are supported in a fixed plane and removed, and replaced for the purposes and wilb
the advantages specified. *

Third, the construction and arrangement of the curb M, substantiaUy as and for tho pur-
pose herein described.

No. 38,949. — Jacob B. Crowell, of Greencastle, Franklin county. Pa. — Improvement in
Manure Distributors. — Patent dated June 23, J 863. — ^I'his consists of a box or trough with
openings in the lx)ttom, and a roller provided with stirrers and wipers rotating therein: the
said roUer being thrown into or out of ^ar with the driving crank by means of a lever and
clutch, which connects by crank and pitman with the wheel on the driving shafl.

Claim. — The rocking shaft, provided with the stirrers H and (^ and the wipers D, in the
manner and for the purposes set forth.

Also, in combination with the rocking shaft, as described, the clutch P, crank O, and
pitman N, all constructed and operating in the manner and for the purposes specified.



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COMMISSIONEE OP PATENTS. 493

No. 38,950. — GeOROE N. Doolittle, of Louisville, Kj.— Improvement in Hay and Cotton
Presses, — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — This is a horizontal nress, ariO the follower is worked
hj a sweep whose shaft passes through the box behind tne follower, and carries a crank
which connects by a pitman with the end of the follower rod.

After one revolution the pitman is detached and the shaft caused to wind a rope which
passes over the end of the follower rod, and therebv plunge it into the press.

Claim. — The shaft D passmg through the press-box A, and provided at its upper end with
a sweep E, and at its lower end with a crank F, in combination with a pitman G, plunger
B, and plunger-rod 0, and rope J, all arranged in relation with the press-box A to operate
as and tor the purpose specified.

No. 38,951.— Harrison Doolittle, Alton, Hi.— Improvement in CAtirns.— Patent issued
June 23, 1863; antedated November 3, 1862. — The improvement consists in a metallic
lining for a chum which has slats on its inside, provided with holes to prevent the collection
of cream upon them, and with holes in the bottom which allow the buttermilk to drain off
when the lining containing Uie butter is raised from the chum.

6'/«iiii. — The lining figure 2, made of tin or zinc, when made with the slats £, and the
holes F and the holes T, in the manner described, and for the purpose specified.

No. 38,952. — ^W. Do well, of Eicksville, Defiance county, Ohio. — Improvement in Double
Trees, — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — ^The double tree has a rod behind it working in clip
guides, and the double tree and rod are pivoted to a box on each end, which is provided
with a spiral spring affording an elastic bearing to the ring-bolts, to which the single trees
are attached.

Claim, — The tubes •B B attached to the ends of the double-tree A, as shown, provided with
the springs D and rods £, and connected by the rod C, all arranged substantially as and for
the purpose specified.

• No. 38,953.-^ AMES O. DuRGAN and Jeremiah Walker, of Yarmouth, Cumberland
county, Maine. — Improved Box 5iec«.— Patent dated June 2;?, 1863.— -The round sieve is



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 82 of 164)