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it to the. d^char^ onfice. Warm air is conducted into the machine, ana a suction fan re-
moves the light impurities and moisture.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the endless moving aprons in their respective chambers, with
th^eir inlet and exit passages for the transmission of grain through them when said chambers
are furnished with heated and cool air, substantially in the manner and for the purposes
herein described. \

Also, in combination with the travelling endless belt W, -the series of stirrers hung upon
hinged arms for the purpose of allowing them to yield to the depth of grain on said belt, and
to continue their rotation at whatever position they may assume, substantially as described.

No. 38,986.— A. P. Richardson, of Worcester, 'Mi&ss.— Improvement in Boot Trees.—
Patent dated June 23, 1863. — This is an arrangement for expanding the boot tree by the
rear propulsion of the hind member of the tree under the rotation of a cam operated by the
plunging middle piece. A vibrating catch-piece pivoted to the plunger retracts the foot-
piece by the withdrawal of the plun^r. •

Claim. — First, the combination ot the hooked cam m with rod B and the movable part D,
substantiallv as set forth.

Second, the combination of catch-lever n with the foot-piece and rod B and movable part
D, substantially as set forth.

No. 38,987.— Thomas Sands, of Gilford, Belknap county, N. Ti.—Improvemefnt in Making
Knitting Needles.— Tektent issued June 23, 1863; antedated June 10, 1863.— This machine
takes the steel wire from the coil, straightens it, punches the eye, slabs down the wire, and
zvLta it off ready for the finisher, in whose hands it is polished, and the hook bent to the
required form. The series of motions cannot be clearly described in the present limits.

Cluim. — First, the combination in their relative order of the straightener, the eye punch,
the traversing platform, the cutting-off apparatus, and the rotary burr for slabbing down
the needle.

Second, holding the wire by means of the punch, which remains in the eye, and the sim-
ultaneous movement of tho traversing platform, which carries the wire forward for the
subsequent operations.

Third, thft concave or grooved burr, when used for forming needles in the manner
described.

Fourth, the combination of the eccentric 16 and revolving burr 30, when so set with
reference to each other as* to give the required tai>er to the nee£e.

Fifth, the combination of the traversing platform 3, the eye punch 48, and cutter 39,
operating in conjunction with each other as described.

Sixth, the combination of the cam D and the eye punch 48. when by reason of the breadth
of this cam the eye punch is caused to retain its hold of the wire during its traverse towards
the cutter, a distance equal to the length of a needle, substantially as herein described.

No. 38,988.— Thomas Sands, of Gilford, Belknap county, N. U.— Improvement in
Machine Knitting Needles.— Ptktent issued June 23, 1863 ; antedated Febraary 23, 186a—
E^lained by the claim.

Claim. — ^A machine knitting needle that is rigid or inflexible at the bend, and flexible
either upon the barb or upon the shank, or upon bo^ barb and shank, substantiaJlj as
herein described.

No. 38,989.— Jacob Shavor, of Troy, N. Y.— Improvement in Stoves.— Titsnt dated
June 23, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the manner of introducing air into the stove,
and of fastening the upper, middle, and lower sections together. Air is admitted by a tube
up the back of a fire cylinder, between the back comer nue«, to the fire chamber, through
the cone grate which surmounts the cylinder. The parts are bolted together by iccew r<MS



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COBiMISSIONEB OP PATENTS. 499

and nuts, so that bj the impositioof the shank, substantially
as and for the purpos$> described.

Third, the combmation of the box. pins and bolt, operating together and supporting each
other, substantially in the manner herein described.

I

No. 39,006.— Randolph S. Foster, of Sing Sing, N. Y., assignor to Himself, Cornelius
Walsh, and John C. Nobles, of same place. — improvement in Locks. — Patent dated June
23, 1863.— This is a trunk or hasp lock, and the improvement consists of a series of tumblers,
each influenced by a spring and'a bitted key which, entering, rotates a hub. which, with ihe
bits, so arrange tne tumblers as to withdraw them all from their enga^ment with the hasp
and permit it to open. The continued revolution frees the tumblers and relocks them within
the slot of the hasp.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the key, hub, bit-plate, and hasp>catch, so
as to operate with each, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,007.— Randolph S. Fmter, of Sing Sing, N. Y., assignor to Himself, Cornelius
Walsh, and John C. Nobles, of same place. — Improvement in Locks. — Patentdatcd Junet^,
1863. — ^This is a mortise lock ; the key is double-bitted with projections corresponding to tbe
mortises in the bit-plates. ' The turning hub, which is operated by the key, has two cam pro-
jections which, together with the key, raise the bit-plates in their proper order to allow the
stud on the bolt to pass into the mortise in each of them. Under certain circumstances the key
operates both the locking and the latch bolt, while the latter may be operated by the handle.
When freed from impediment, the bit-plates rest on the flat'sides of the hub under the pres-
sure of their springs.

Claim. — In combination with the two bolts and double-bitted key, the hub and bit-plates,
arranged, constructed, and operating together, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
pose herein described.

No. 39, 008.— R. 8. Foster, of Sing Sing, N. Y., assignor to Himself, Cornelius Walsh,
and John C. Nobles, of same place. — Improvement in Locks. — Patent dated June 23, 1863. —
This is a double bolt and key lock, and eacn bolt and key is capable of operating independently
upon a set of bit-plates common to both. The lower bolt is operated by the key, which first
arranges the bit-plates or tumblers for that purpose, and then, through its turning the hub,
works the bolt. There are three openings in each tumbler, and two of them have branches
which are traversed«by pins upon the hubs in the act of throwing the bolt, for which purpose
the branch openings in each tumbler are arranged in line ; the bolts are then engaged by a
projection from the periphery of the hub.

Claim. — Combining with two bolts in one and the same lock case— each bolt operated upon
by its own key — the bit-plates F common to both bolts and both keys, in the manner and
for the purpose herein described.

No. 39,009.- Randolph S. Foster, of Sing Sing,N. Y., assignor to Himself, Cornelius
Walsh, and John C. Nobles, of same place. T—//ni?ro©em«nr in Locks. — Patent dated June23,
1863. — ^'I'his is an improvement in drawer locks, and consists of a bitted key and a turning hub,
which arrange and operate the tumblers and spring bolt, so that one revolution of the key and
turning hub shall arrange the bit-plates, draw in and lock in the bolt, again rearrange the
foit-plates, and allow the bolt to be shot out by its spring. The bit-plates, when arranged
for the passage of the bolt, have their traversiug-slot in Ime for the passage of a pin upon the
shooting bolt.

Claim. — ^The combination of the key, turning hub, bit-plates, with a shooting bolt, the
whole constructed and co-operating together substantially in Ihe manner and* for the purpose
herein described.

No. 39,010.— Randolph 8. Foster, of Sing Sing, N. Y., assignor to Himself, Cornelius
Walsh, and John C. Nobles, of same yileyce.— Improvement in Loc^s.— Patent dated June 23,
1863. — The key is inserted through the escutcheon on the outer plate and enters a hub, which it
revolves, operating the bit-piates for a distance, when, bv further rotation, the salient surfaces
on the bit of the key push back the bit-plates and allow the retraction of the staple of the hasp
into which the upper projecting point of each bit was hooked. Each bit-plate has a spring to
close it, and when closed, the uit-plates rest c^inst the flat portion of the hub.

Claim. — The combination of the key hub, bit-plates and their openings, with a hinged
hasp, and the cheek plates, the whole constructed and operating substantially in the manner
and for the purpose herein set forth and described.

No. 39,011.— Thomas Gillen, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself, Thos. M. Cole-
man, and Wm. Wilson, Jr., of same place. — Improved StUetu Guard for RaUway Cars. —
Patent dated Juno 23, 1863. — The improvement consists of a hanging shield on the end of an



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. , 503

arm whicli is pivoted to a pedestal beneath the car frame. Its design is to remoye any ob-
•tractions from the rails in advance of the wheels. ,

Claim, — ^The arm F and shield G, constmcted and arranged on the car in respect to the
wheel substantially as and for the purpose set forth. «

No. 39,012. —Thomas Qoodrem, of Providence, R. I., assignor to John Barnes, of North
Providence, R. I. — Combined Spade, Fork, Hoe, and Rake, — Patent dated June 23, 1 863. — The
blade has a cutting edge at one end, and teeth at the other, and is capable of being used
, in line with the handle, or at an an^le therewith, so as to constitute either of the four tools
mentioned, by the presentation of one or other of the effective edges in the required posi-
tion relatively to the handle. For this purpose the blade is pivoted to a rod, which is socketed
in the handle, and retained by a temper screw.

Claim. — Substantially, the within-described combined spade, fork, hoe, and rake, as a new
article of manufacture.

No. 30,013.— Martin Heisel and Martin Nadig, of Rochester, N. T., assignors to David
R. Barton, of same place. — Improvement in Skates, — Patent dated June 23, lcJ63. — Rising
from the runner is a double post, or pair of supporting flanges, crowned by a collar which
gives a point of attachment tor the heel spur or sctew.

Claim, — The combination of the removable heel-spur, clamping screw S, with tho collar C,
and the double posts jp j9, the former being cast to the latter, and they being rigidly attached
to the runner by brazing, or other equivalent means, all in the manner and for the purpose
specified.

No. 39,014. - SoLOMON T. Holly, of Rockford, Winnebago county. 111., assignor to
Frederick H. Manny, of same .place. — Improvement in Harvesters, —Psktent dated June
23, 1863. — ^The improvements relate to the connexion between the tongue, reach, and caster
wheel ; and the purpose is to facilitate tumine, especially in starting in on a new swath at
the coi ner of a land. The tongue is attached oy trunnions to the hm) containing the caster
spindle, permitting the motion of the tongue right or left, a segment being fixed to the tongue,
which ro.ates the caster spindle faster than the tongue, so as to cause the caster in its axial
rotation to move in the arc of the radius of the main driving wheel and enable the machme
to turn at a right angle with a full cut in a new direction.

Claim, — First, hinging the tongue of a harvesting machine to the reach by trunnions
attached to a hub that carries a caster spindle so constructed that the casteris caused to turn
with its spindle, substantially in the manner and for the puroosa set forth.

Second, the attachment of the reach of the harvesting machine to the tongue by means of
a hinged hub and caster spindle when the spindle has a positive axial rotation imparted to
it from the right or left movement of the tongue, and turns more rapidlj^than the tongue,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combmation of the segment ring M, the eccentric ring e, and the pinion g, or
their mechanical equivalents, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

No. 39,015.— James A. and Henry A. House, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignors to Themselves
and Augustus G. Seaman, of same place. — Improvement in Belt Tighteners, — Patent dated
June 23, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a lever pivoted at one end, and haviuf^ a rigid bar
at the other end, which rests on the upper side of the belt, passing from the top ot the driving
pulley ; the lever also has, at a suitable distance from its pivoted end, a friction roller bearing
against the under surface of the lower or returning strap, the two being so placed as to draw
the parts of the strap toward each other, while a pawl over the roller checks any reverse
BQOtion by nipping tho belt immovably upon the roller.

Claim, — ^The lever F, constructed substantially as described, for the purpose set forth.

Also, the combination of the lever F with the brake G, substantially in the manner de-
scribed, for the purpose of stopping the belt when its motion is reversed.

No. 39,016.— Pierre Henri Stanislas, Count d'Escayrac de Lauture, of Paris, France.—
Improvement in Telegraphic Signals. — Patent dated June 23, 1863 — ^The invention consists
in Ignoring the lexical element of words and indicating them by signals accordmg to an ar-
ranged tabulated system. As, for instance, the upper and side margins of the table being
lettered or numbered, a word at the intersection of those lines is indicated by the two mar-
gmal letters, &c, Tho inflections of words as to mood, tense, &c., are indicated by an addi-
tional signal attached to the primary word; and adverbs, adjectives, &.c. , by additional signals
to their respective verbs and substantives. These limits will not permit further details.

Claim, — The withm-described universal analytic grammar of signals based on the substi-
tution for the alphabetic transcription of words of certain appropnate conventional signals in
combination with the separation of the lexical element from the grammatical element, sub-
* stantially as herein specified. -

No. 39,017.— B D. Stevens, of Lawrence, Mass., assignor to Himself, Samuel C.
Crombie, and G. S. Apple ton. — Improved Mode of OUing Car Axles and Bearings, —



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504 * ANNUAL EEPORT OP THE

*

Patent dated June 23, 1863.— Beneath the spindle of the axle is a roller jotumalled in a spring
box ; the lower edge of the roller rotates in a tank of oil and the spring keeps its upper edg^
in contact with the spindle.

Claim, — The peculiar car-axle oiling deyice A B and C, applied as and for the purposes
stated.

No. 39,018.— B. D. Stevens, of Lawrence, Mass., assignor to Himself, Sabiuel C.
Obombie, and G. S. AppLETON. —Improvement in Seif-OUinff Journal Boxes and Bearings.-r-
Patent dated June 23, 1863. — Upon the journal is a hug^ whose lower edge dips ^to the oil
chamber and carries up the oil, which is dispersed upon the upper and inner side of the box-
ing, spreads laterally upon the whole bearing surface, and drips back to the chamber, the oil
bemg introduced through a hole in the bottom of the depression on the top of the boxing.

Claim. — First, the combination of the ring a with the opening /and chamber £, substan-
tially as and for the purposes stated.

Second, the combination with the parts B C and D of a ring a, or its equivalent, upon tbe
journal, substantially as and for the purposes stated.

No. 39,dl9.— AuGUSTE Weiller, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Eberhard Faber,
of same place. — Imvroved Machinery for making Wooden Cases for Lead Pencils. — Patent
dated June 23, 18d3. — ^Arc-shaped cutting ana planing bits are arranged in segmental
grooves in a disk ; a series of disks thus furnished are mounted upon a mandrel, and the
combined tool is used for facing the surface of a board and making the series of grooves
therein for the insertion of the plumbac^o.

Claim, — First, the combination of the semicircular cutter D and semicircular planer £, as
and for the purpose specified.

Second, tne ntting of the semicircular cutter D and semicircular planer E between the two
plates C placed on a mandrel or shaft A, and provided with semicircular grooves a a' at
their inner sides to receive the sides of the cutter and planer, as herein set forth.

No. 39,020.— Paul Corbet, of Paris, FrBxice,—^Improved Composition for Paint: - 'Vakteai
dated June 23, 1863. — ^This is a mixture of two compounds :

The first— distilled water 750 parts.

oxalicacid 65 **

sugar 60 '*

alkaline matter 100 **

soft soap p..-. 25 "

1000 "

* ■

Second composition — white lead, zinc or chalk 125 parts.

boiled drying oil 125 **

liauid siccative 250 •*

white petrific siccative 250 *'

soft soap 200 "'

litharge 50 "

1000 "

The two compositions are mixed for using in the proportion of nine (9) of the former to <me
(1) of the latter.

Claim. — ^The improved composition for painting composed of two compounds or prepara-
tions, one a liauid and the other a siccative compound, to be combined in the proportion and '
the manner substantially as hereinbefore described.

No. 39,021.— Matthias Smith, of Rochester, N. Y. —Improvement in Bran- Dusters, —
Patent dated June 23, 1863. — The air which is admitted at the ventilator on top is determined
downward and outward by the oblique wings on the vertical main shaft.

Claim. — Producing a downward current and centrifugal atmospheric pressure within the
gauze cylinder C of oran-dusters, by means of spiral wings W, in combination with a ven-
tilator 0, tho parts being arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the pur*
poses set forth. ^

No. 39,022.— PraLO P. Stuart, of Troy, N. Y. —Improvement in Cooking 5tocM.— Patent
dated June 23, 1863. ^The improvements consist in the air chamber around the sides and
ends of the grate communicating at bottom with the ash-pit, and through holes in the
^rate walls with the fire chamber ; in the upward projection or bridge at the back of the
fire with perforations through which air, entenng at the fire doors and passing through the
oven, is dischar^d into the flue; and a chamber around the base of tne stove with an in-
clined flue-plate m the bottom flue and a corrugated plate over the oven behind the fire bridge.

Claim.— First, the separate and independent air chamber W X O and P, each separately



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COHMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 505

coamniiiieAtuig with tbe ash chamber Q, and hayhi^ perforated sides I E G and H commimi-
cating with the fire chamber M, in combination with the ash chamber Q, the whole being
arranged and combined in the manner substantially as herein described and set forth.

Second, the ribs or upward projections B B, having apertures at or near the top thereof, in
combination with the oven B with the apertures T' in the front doors Y, and with the firo
chamber M, in the manner substantially herein described and set forth.

Thitd, the hollow walls or chambers h h extending tbe entire length of the oven and just
below the bottom plate thereof and at the outer edge of said oven, lu combination with the
broad and inclinea sheet flue A', in the manner substantially herein described and set forth.

Fourth, the corrugated oven plate A, in combination with the ribs or upward projections
B B, with apertures therein, and with the oven R, in the manner substantialij herein de-
scribed and set forth.

No. 39,023. — ^AKlHtBW Walker, of Claremont, Sullivan county, N. H. — Improvement in
Chmme, — Patent dated June 23, 1863. — ^The chum is divided into two chambers by a sta-
tionary and a revolving disk with corrugated or toothed surfaces in close contact; the cream
is i>oured into tbe upper chamber and passes down at the centre, and finds its way out at the

Seriphery from between the disks, having been broken and churned in its tortuous and coi>-
nea passage between them. The proximity of the disks is adjusted by a screw-step at the
bottom which supports the rotating disk-shah.

Claim. — ^First, placing tbe disks in the chum, as described, for the purpose of providing a
receptacle for the cream above them and inside of the chum, thereby dispensmg with the
receptacle usually employed outside of the chum for feeding the cream to the disks.

Second, the disk A, as constmcted, when arranged to rest on the shoulders of the chum,
as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the set screw a, in combination wilh the stationary disk h, all arranged and opera-
ting in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 30,024.— E. O. Allen, of Boston, U^8B.—Impra9emmtimR^nf Ftrs-orms.— Patent
dated June 30, 1863. — ^The invention consists in forming the grooves nearly straight for
some distance from the rear end and with an increasing obliauity towards the muzzle, so as
to give the projectile the full benefit of the expansive force or the gases, and impart its rot»>
tion iust before leaving the bore.

claim, — ^The method of rifling or grooving the barrels of fire-arms by combining the
irregtdar gain twist, as hereinbefore described, with the shallow curved depression, substan-
tially as herein shown and set forth.

No. 39,025.— Stephen M. Allen, of Wobum, "MwM.-^Imwrovemeut in Machines for
Breaking and Dressing FUx, 8fc, — ^Patent dated June 30, 1863. — This machine is constmcted
with a laree fluted dnun or cylinder and small fluted rollers, derivinc^ their motion from each
other ana orushing the fibrous substance between them. Scutching blades overlapping
each other are employed to throw off the shrives and beat out any resinous matter, witnout
breaking the fibre. The power of crushing and cleaning is regulated by means of screws
attached to the sliding boxes in which the udes of the small rollers rest. *

Claim, — First, in combination with a series of fluted rollers, geared by a revolving fluted
drum, two fluted rollers so arranged as to engage with and be g^red by, respectively, the
first and last dram-^^eared roller, substantially as'and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the combination of a series of fluted rollers, arranged about a central fluted drum,
with one or more pairs of clusters of revolving, stripping, or scutching blades, arranged for
operation substantially as herein described.

Third, the combination of two or more pairs of revolving scutching blades with interme-
diate check rollers, arranged and operating substantially as herein described.

No. 39,026.— Abraham B. Anderson, of Brooklyn, N. Y,— Improved Nurser^f Chair,-^
Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^This apparatus is adapted for the various uses of an easy-chair,
a high-chair, a cradle, and a baby-jumper. The seat may be elevated to any desired height
from the floor by means of extension legs. For the purpose of a cradle the foot-boara is
turned up and the back lowered to a horizontal position, and the couch thus formed, being
suspended upon pivots, may receive a rocking motion. When it is to be used as a baby-
jumper the seat is turned to a vertical position, a metallic ring, with the body belt and
elastic saddle, secured in the adjustable or secondary firame, and the latter elevated as far as
needfal to suit the height of the child.

Claim, — First, the use or employment of the secondary framework B in combination
with the framework A, when arranged and operated as herein shown, for the purpose
specified.

Second, holding the framework B in position, when the same shall bo elevated, in the
manner and by the means herein fully described.

Third, in combination with the cam-shaped piece provided with pins, the sockets provided
with the openings, for the purpose fully set forth.



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506 ANNUAL BEPORT OP THE

Fourth, in combiDation with the framework Q, the lue or employment of the slotted cmi-
tre pieces K and side arms N, for side purpose shown.

Futh, in combination with the same, the framework Q, operated as shown, for the pur-
pose specified. * -v

No. 39,027. - >r. S. and T. 6. Atterbury, of Pittsburff, Alleghanjr county, F&.—Improfed
Fruit or Preserve J*r, — ^Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to se-
cure the covers of preserve jars so firmly as to exclude air from the contents, and, at the same
time, allow them to be readiljr removable, and consists of a ii^lass cover with a bevelled *edge
setting on a flaring-mouthed jar, the tw6 secured tightly to each other by a gasket of Indb-
rubber.

Claim. — First, the combination metallic and rubber annular band d e, constructed in the
manner and for the pur^se described.

Second, the combmation metallic and rubber band d c, in connexion with the bevelled-edge



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 84 of 164)