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pawl in its closed condition, and also having a deep hook-shaped recess for the detention of
the coupling link.

C/atm.— First, the plate C, of circular or approximate form, and provided with a shoulder -
e, in combination with the stop or bar F and loop H, or its equivalent, all arranged rela-^
lively with each other and in connexion with the draw-head A to operate as and for the
purpose specified.

Second, the jog <f, in the back part of the recess a, for the purpose of holding the link in
a horizontal position, as specified.

No. 39,088.— Franklin Woods, of Chicago, lll.^Tmproi>ement in 5tove#.— Patent dated
June 30, 1863. — ^The outer pipes, which are connected with the upper part of the fire, con-
duct a portion of the heated air and gases downward and then up tnrough the side pipes to ■
the fire-chamber.

^ Ciatirt.- The pipes and flues B B' G C F F" and E ]S', and openings a a', in combina*
tion with the fire-chamber A, the several parts being arranged ana operating as and for the
purpose specified.

No. 39,069.— WiLUAM Wright, of Hartford, Comi,^Improved Method of Operating.
Cnl-off Valves of Steam Engine* — ^Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on
(be present patentee's patent of January 3, 1854, and consists of an arrangement to lift and-



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516 ANNUAL BEPOET OP THE

let down the pappet yalve by the rotation of the shaft and hnb, the point of the stroke at
which the cut-off takes place being determined by the revolution of the sleeve on the hub,
which modifies the extent of the cam-formed projection.

The present improvement is designed to cause the return of the valve by a positive motion
by the devices recited in the claim.

C/flxm.— The combination of the pin e held in its relation to the face of the cam by the
collar d and the slotted plate b with the toe of the lift-rod, in the manner and for the purpose
substantially as set forth.

No. 39,090. — Elijah Young, of Tuscarora, Livingston county, N. Y. — Improvement in
Grain Separators, — ^Patent dated June 30, 1863. — The improvements are in the construction
of the sieve which is placed within the shakiuj^ shoe and intended to separate the grades of
grain by perforated plates and wire screens of appropriate mesh and position } the grain is
received nrst upon a perforated plate, and then rolls on to a wire screen under the rear portion
of which is a second perforated plate ; the grain that passes through those falls upon an in*
clined cheat screen to its exit.

Clhim. — First, a sieve constructed partly of wire gauze and partly of a perforated plate,
substantially as described.

Second, a sieve constructed as above described, in combination with a separator F, attached
to the under side of the rear end of the sieve, said plate F to be either plain or pejorated,
fixed or adjustable.

Third, the adjustable strips H, or their equivalents, for the purpose set forth and substan-
tially as described.

Fourth, the combination of the sieve E, and the adjustable discharging screen E, for the
purpose set forth, when constructed and arranged substantially as described. *

No. 39,091.— Thomas S. Bigelow, of Lake Mills, Jefferson county. Wis., assignor to
Himself, LuTHER E. Porter and Samuel M. Eowe, of same place. — Improvement in mode
of Stopping and Starting Cars, — Patent dated June 30, 1863. — This invention consists in an
arrangement, whereby, by throwine certain parts into gear by means of a lever, a spring is
wound up, whose resistance immediately " breaks'* up and stops the car ; the spring remain-
ing compressed until it is desired to stcurt, when the gearing being reversed, the spring aids
as a propelling force to start the car onwards.

Claim, — First, the combination of the clutches d d\ the mitre wheels F F' and E, the re-
volving shaft A and the spring S, constructed, arranged and operating substantially as and
for the purpose herein delineated and set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the mitre wheels M I, the drums N P, chains
p p\ and ratchet wheel E, constructed an^ operating as and for the purpose specified and
shown. '\

Third, the arrangement of the mitre wheel E, '^ith the adjustable sleeve h and the spring
S, for the purpose herein specified.

Fourth, the arrangement of the lever L and the ro^s iLk and A, with the levers m n, sub-
stantially as shown, for the purpose of operating the cfQtches d rf', as specified and described.

Fifth, the combination of the lever D, the revolving rod C, and the movable support a, for
the purposes herein specified and shown. *^.

No. 39,092. — Reuben W. Drew, of Abingdon, Plymouib county, Mass., assignor to Al-
fred B. Ely, of Newton, Mass. — Improvement in Sewing Jiilachtnes. — Patent dated June
30, 1863. — ^This is an improvement in machines which use fvaxed threads, as in leather
work, and consists in applying the flame of a lamp to the metlUlic horn through which the
thread passes so as to render the thread pliable. \

Claim. — The application of heat by or through the flame of a^lamp, gas burner, or their
equivalents, to waxed thread sewing machines, in the manner subil^tantiedUy as described, for
the purpose of warming the thread and rendering it pliable. \

No. 39,093.— James Fargusson, of Dubuque, Iowa, and CHARLES S. Burt, of Dnn-
leith, Bl., assignors to the said James FARGiJSiiOS,'— Improvement in Grain Separator, —
Patent dated June 30, 1863. — The grain from the hopper falls upon a series of ridged riddles
with centrally inclined discharging boards undemqath ; the riddhjs aff© supported in a shaking
shoe, which is supported by suspension rods and by spring rods adjustable vertically by
screw and nut ; the motion is derived from an eccentric, sleeve and r<x^» attached to a sup-
port in the centre of the shoe ; and the fan case, which is divided liorizontally, is supported
by a bracketed arm. '

C^tm.— First, the application of a rigid or flexible support 62 iff grain riddles so that a
connecting rod J and an eccentric G, within a closely fitting strap l/T may be arranged and
employed for operating the riddles, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, the arrangement of the spring screw rods a' a\ made a^'nstable, in combination
with a rigid or flexible support 62, an eccentric G and a connecting rod J, all in the manner
substantially as described, and so that the riddles may be adju/sted without affecting the
eccentric as set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. '517

Third, tbe arraii|pement of the hineed deyicoB F F, in combination with a riddle which
parts tbe grain at tne centre, and wiui a bottomless hopper placed over the ridge of the rid-
dle, oil in the manner substantiallj as described.

Fourth, the combination of the many-armed bracket L and a fan-box made with a hori-
Eontal joint and adapted to form a vertical junction with the blast spout C, substantially as
described.

No. 39,094.— C. B. Garlinohouse, of Allensville, Switzerland county, Ind., as8ignt)r to
Self, George B. Garlinohouse and J. Dickason, of same place,— Improvement in Crank
Wrists.— VoXeni dated June 30, 1863.— The wrist consists of two cones, • a set screw bolt
and nut, by which, as the parts become loose by wear, they may be set up into their seats.

Claim, — Tbe construction of crank wrists, the cones b and c, adanted to the pitman E, and
arranged in reference thereto, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein shown
and described.

No. 39,095. - >roNATHAN H. Greene, of Christiansburg, Wapello county, Iowa, as-
signor to James B. Hodoskin, of New York, N. Y.-^hnproved WaUr-proof Varnish for
Paper J Cloth^ Sfc, — ^Patent dated June 30, 1863. — Composition: one pint, by measure, of
linseed oil ; one of India-rubber cement ; six of benzine ; applied with a brush.

Clown. — ^The combination of linseed oil. India-rubber, ana benzine, or some equivalent
solvent, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,096.— W. D. Harrah and H. P. Jones, of Davenport, Iowa, assignors to Them-
selves, and Ira M. Gifford, of same place. — Improvement in Bindng Attachment for
Reapers. — Patent dated June 30, 1863.— This device is operated by an attendant, and binds
the machine with wire from a reel. The grain is rakod on to the oars, resting transversely
upon them and the wire. The operator shoves forward an arm, which by a link brings for-
ward the other arm embracing the gavel and bringing the wires together and passing them
into a slot where they are twisted by the rotation of a winch, the wire ^ut, and the she^
removed.

Claim. — ilrst, the two arms C D, arranged and connected together as shown, in connex-
ion with the bars or gatherers H H, for the purpose of gathering the grain in compact form
for binding, as herein set forth.

Second, the clamp £, formed of the fixed bar c, pivoted bar <2, and catoh G, in connexion
with the rotary twisting arm R and knife O, as and for the purpose described.

Third, the combination of the gearing Q K L M, cam i, and lever N, arranged as shown
for rotating the twisting arm R, and operating the knife O at one operation or manipulation,
OS set forth.

Fourth, the pressure arm or lever U, arranged as shown and in connexion with the reel S,
to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,097.— Dennis Harrioan, of Winchester, Middlesex county, Mass., assignor to
Alfred B Ely, of Newton, Mass. — Improvement in Signal Bell and Brake Attachment for
Railroad Cars. — Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to take up
and keep under control and in working order the slack of the signal and bell cord of a rail-
road train. When the cars come togetlier, as in stopping or backing, the fixed hunter on
the forward car strikes against the sliding hunter, pushing it backward, and causing the
ends of the arms to approach each othett and receding the point from the bnnter. The cord
being attached through the eye-bolts, is thereby kept taut and prevented from han^nff down.

claim. — In combination with the jointed arms O P, placed on or under the root of the car
and working horizontally, the movable hunter T and rieid hunter T, for the purpose of
making a compensating attachment for a car, brake, or bell rope, substantially as described.

No. 39,098.— Daniel G. Harrison and Jabez Reynolds, of Cincinnati, Ohio, assignors
to Harrison and Wilson, of same place. — Improvement in Apparatus for Cooling Coffee. —
Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^This machine is for cooling cotfee after it has been roasted.
The coffee is fed into the revolving cylinder, and by its spiral interior flanges is passed to
' the other end, where it is dischai]^ into a spout, and taken up by an elevator, and thence
by a chute to any vessel prepared to receive it.

Claim. — ^The rotating cyUnder A, with or without the internal spiral plates h, in combina-
tion with the elevator F and chutes I, one or more, all arranged for jomt operation as and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,099.— C. C. HmcHMAN, of Clarksboro',- Gloucester county. N. J., assignor to
Self, J. M. HiNCHMAN, and J. R. Hinchman, of same place.— Ta6(« for Reciprocating
Saws. — Patent dated June 30, 1863. — ^The invention consists of an adjustable bed supported
upon a segment, to saw bevelled edge stuff, such as ship timbers, &«. The required incli-
nation for a bevel of a certain angle is indicated by a graduated arc and index finger on the
edge of the table.

C^m.— First, the table composed of the top A and base B, the former having segmental
plates D adapted to rollers on the base, and the whole being arrange and operating, and
DeiBg combined with a reciprocating saw, substantially as specified.



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518 * ANNUAL EEPOET OF THE

Second, in combination with the top A of ihe table and its se^ental plates J), the pinion
F, g^earing in teeth formed on one of the said plates, the said pmion bemg operated by the
gearing herein described, or any equivalent to the same, for the purpose speci£ed.

Third, in combinatien with the adjustable top A of the table ihe graduated quadrant M,
ibf the purposes set forth.

No. 39,100.— Green B. McDonald, of Louisville, Kj., assignor to Self and Dennis
Long, of same place. — hnprov^ Arrangement of Valves for Steam Engines. — Patent dated
June 80, 1863. — The object of this inyention is to reduce the dead space in the eduction-
Talve chamber, and the consequent waste of steam ; and this is accomplished bj an arrange-
ment of parts shown in the illustration, bj which the valve being located nearer to ue
cjlinder, the dead space is diminished.

Cla*m. — The arrangement relatively to each other of the valve chamber C, nozzle E,
valve seat a, valve D, and exhaust pipe F, substantially as herein described with refeience
to Fig. 2.

No. 39,101.— John Jacob Miller, of Chicago, HI., assignor to Self and Ernst
Prussing, of same place. — Improvement in Lamps, — Patent issued June 30, 1863; ante-
dated February 14, 1863. — ^A conical deflector is placed above, being supported by the wick
tube and supports arms which are suspended in contact with the flame, the inside of the
deflector forming a guide to direct the air upon the resulting gases. A reflector is attached
by jointed rods to a collar on the neck of the lamp.

Claim. — First, in combination with a wick tube of any suitable form, a conical deflectdr
with straight sides, of equal vertical length, converging at an angle of about forty-five
degrees to the perpendicular, and an aperture at top fonn^ with sides parallel with the top
of the wick tube, all substantially as herein set forth.

Second, supporting the said deflector adjustably upon the wick tube bv meang of rods j
projecting from a flanged and slotted tube G, fitting upon the said wick tube with a yielding
pressure.

Third, the collar I, jointed rod J j, and clamp screws j, employed in the raaxmer described,
to support a reflector, shade, or other article in any desired position.

No. 39,102.— William Painter, of Fallston, Harford county, Md., assignor to Charles
Painter, of Owing*s Mills, Md. — Improvement in Lamp Burners. — Patent dated June 30,
1863. — ^The burner is surmounted by a cap, which forms a throat for the flame to occupy,
while inclined sides bring a stream of air from below, and a flaring opening admits the
expansion of the width or the flame. The lower part of the burner sets over the cylinder,
which is socketed in the cap of the lamp.

Claim. — First, having the side pieces h h and the ends f g constructed and arranged in
reverse inclined positions, in the manner herein shown and^described.

Second, the combination of the attachment above specified with the tubes F A, the latter
being screwed into the fountain or body B of the lamp, and enclosing the wick-adljusting
wheels 6, as set forth.

No. 39,103.— Abby H. Price, of New York, N. Y., assignor to The Magic Ruffle
Company, of same place.— /mproccmejil in /2i(//fo».— Patent dated June 30, 1863.— Explained
by the daim.

Claim. — The within-described corded ruffle as a new article of manufacture, the same
being formed of a gathered stripA attached to a folded binding B, or its equivalent, by a
single series of machine stitches X), with a cord C, enclosed, substantially in die manner and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No 39,104.— Benjamin L. White, of Westford, Middlesex coun^, Mass., assignor to
Self and A. Nutting.- /m^roi?cm«ii« in Boot and Shoe L4Wt».— Patent dated June 30, 1863.—
The lower edge of the last is protected by metallic plates, within which are strips of rubber
occupying the place where the pegs enter in pegging on the sole. The object is to facilitate
the drawingorthe last, and to form a guide for trimming without cutting the last.

Ctotm.— The employment of the Inma-rubber or elastic peg-strips E, in combination with
the inclined grooves a', plates D, formed as shown, and the last A, all in the manner and for
the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,105.— John S. Fisk, of Youngstown, Mahoning county, Ohio. — Improvement in
Nail-plate Feeders.— F&i&nt dated June 30, 1863.— By tins machine the nail plate is fed
forward, at intervals, to a distance equal to the width of a nail, and after each feed motion is
retracted and elevated so as to turn the plate without interfering with Uie shears or other
parts of the machine, and the carriage retracted, throwing the working parts out of gear
when the plate is exhausted.

Claim, — First, retracting the nail plate preparatory to turning the same, by means of one
or more cams o* o\ and a lever V, and afterward restoring itby means of a spring />', all
substantiallv as described.

Second, the combination of one or more cams o* o*, lever S, and rod B, for raising the
plate, substantially as described.



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COMHISSIONJfiB OF PAXBNT8. 519

Third, the rocking box B', employed la the described .combination with the plate rod P .
and eleyating rod E.

Fourth, the combination of the lever T, rack «, and pinion u', or their described equiva-
lents, for inverting the plate.

Fifth, the hinged nut F, employed in the described combination with Qi» endless screw D
and carria^ G, to advance the latter and permit its retraction.

Sixth, the combination of the levers H G^ rod J, spring catch I, stationary cam X, and
spring j, operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,106.— A. H. Langholz, of Chicago, Vl.— Improvement in Riding ^jiiirs.— Patent
dated June 30, 1863. — ^The curved plate is fitted into the back of the heel of the boot ; into
the slot in this plate the forked bent ends of the spur shank are inserted, and are there held
by the engagement of the spring in the socket. To remove the spur, the pin is pushed in,
which disengages the spring.

Claim, — ^The curved plate A, arranged with its spring C, pin D, and slot E, in combina*
tion with the forked ana notched ends of Ae stay H, forming a movable spur.

No. 39,107.— H. C. Addis, of Springfield, TIL— Aforfc of operating of CAMnw.— Patent dated
July 7, 1863. — The chum is of the usual reciprocating kind. The upper part of the dash rod is
connected with an arm attached to a rock shaft, which is supported by an upright framing and
provided with a pendulum which equalizes the movement of the dash rod. A treadle is at>
tached to the platform on which the chum and framing are placed and is connected by a
<;ord or chain to a spring attached to the rock shaft. By applying the foot of the operator
to the treadle it gives motion to the rock shaft and the arm gives a reciprocating movement
to the dash rod.

Claim, — The combination of the spring L, and treadle I, with the rock shaft D, weighted
pendulum F, adjustable arm C, adjustable pivoted dasher rod B, and chum A, all in the
manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39, 108.— Theodore Baker, of Stillwater, Saratoga county, N. Y, —Improvement im
Potato £>i|^^efs.— Issued July 7, 1863; antedated July 2, 1862. — The object of this inven-
tion is to so constract a potato digger to be drawn by animal power that the flaring bars, set
to ron a proper depth, shall, by the forward motion of the machine, be made to rotate the
cylinder and raise the potatoes, to shake them loose from the earth, from whence they are
carried through by the spiral arms and discharged in a row behind the machine.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the flaring bars £, and the spiral arms L, attached to the
shaft F, constracted and operated as and &r the purpose specified.

No. 39,109.— William Bakewell, of Pittsburg, Alleghany county, Fs^—Imjifrovemeni
in Mstallie Cartridge,— Fa^ieni dated July 7, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in making
the cartridge case of such a shape that it shall be made to fit more loosely in the bore by the
act of firing, thereby facilitating' its discharge; this is done by making it of any curved or
polygonal fi^re in a cross section which wHl assume a more circular sectional shape from
the effects ot {he explosion.

Claim. — The use of metallic cartridges so constracted that that portion of the case which
enters die charge chamber or breech of the fire-arm (whether tapering or having its
sides parallel to its axis) shall be of such shape that a cross section at right angles to its
axis will be an ellipse, triangle, square, or other curved or polygonal figure, the perimeter of
which will be less than the circumference of a circumscribed circle, so that the cartridge
fitting closely in the charge chamber when the piece is loaded, shall, by the expansive force
of the discharge, have its longest diameter reduced sufficiently to loosen it when the piece is
fired, substantially as hereinbefore described.

No. 39,110.— Joseph Bbaudreau, of Fond du Lac, Wis. — Improvement in Shingle Ma*
chines. — Patent datent July 7, 1863. — This improvement consists in an endless chain carriage,
carrying heads which support bolts of timber, which, by the rotation of the belt, are sucbes-
sively fed to the horizontally revolving saw, in a proper position to have a shingle cut from
the under side of each ; also in an elastic pressure tilting table under the face of the bolt, and
some minor appliances adapted to the details of the process.

Claim, — First, the endless-chain carriage constructed of segment-formed links Al, A2,
cross-bars or ties A3, the latter at each end, projecting beyond the links and forming guides
A4, which travel in ways m, and thereby support the bolts as they are successively fed to
the saw, in a proper position to have a shingle cut from the under side of each bolt, in com-
bination with the tuting table it, and horizontally revolving circular saw c, when the
whole is arranged to operate in the manner and for the purpose specified.

Second, the tilting table n, and triangular shaft »4, in combination with the spring s and.
arm ii6. or their equivalents, when arranged to operate in the manner and for the purpose
specified.

Third, the pins a, projecting from the under side of the endless-chain carriage, in combina-
tion with the gear or toothed wheel fi5, and triangular shaft ii4, when arranged to operate in
the manner and for the purpose specified.



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520 ANNUAL REPOBT OF THE

Fourth, the wonn 6r screw d' and helical spring if2, in combination with the bereOed
toothed cog-wheel e and shaft/, when arranged to operate in the manner and for the pnrpoM
specified.

No. 39,111.— Jesse Bbckley, of Cincinnati, 0\i\o.^Compo$Uiim for SeaHMg Pntirtt
Jars. — Patent dated Jul^ 7, 1863.— The object of the inyention is to provide a cheap and
wholesome compmition for sealing jars which ^hall not be liable to crack. It consists of
the fui lowing preparation: Take coal tar and boil it twelve hoars; then, to one hundred
ponnds of inspissated tar, stir in thirty-seven (37) pounds of beeswax, and cool for use.

Claim, — Tne composition for sealing preserve jars, composed and compounded as set forih.

No. 39,112. — ^Alfred Beeney, of Jersey City, Hudson county, N. J. — hnpravement in
ProjectiUs for Rifled Ordnance. — Patent dated July 7, 1863. — The improvement here de-
scribed is situated at the base or rear of the projectile, and consists of a prolongation of part
of the central portion of the ball toward the rear, around which a hollow conical collar fits
against packing in the rear of the projectile.

Claim. — ^Tbe combination with the polygonal extension b of the depression a a, notches d d,
and the hollow conical packing^ ring B, formed with a shoulder s, all the parts being con-
structed, arranged, and combmed to operate together in the manner herein shown and
described.

No. 39,113.— Benjamin F. Betts, of Tonawanda, Erie county, N. Y.—Improved Machine
for Cutting Thin Lumber, — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The invention consists in giving ad
oblique motion to the sliding box and a diagonal position to the knife, thereby giving to the
latter a '*draw cut,'* also in the arrangement of tlie eccentrics for varying thicuiess of lum-
ber required.

Claim. — The combination and arrangement of the sliding box with oblique motiop, thereby
giving by movement of the block a drawing out to the kmfe, in combination with the diago-
nal position of the knife attached to the immovable bed-plate, and the arrangement of eccen-
trics for elevating or depressing the movable bed-plate.

No. 39,114.— H. L. Brevoor, of Brooklyn, N. Y,— Instrument for Indicating the Depth



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 87 of 164)