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a shaking screen, and from thence between hulling stones, the lower one having an upper
convex face, and the runner, whose step is vertically adjustable, bearing a corresponding
concave face ; from the stones it passes to a beating fan m a case, whose concave bottom is
perforated, and the light refuse drawn away by an exhaust fan.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of the concave and convex hulling stones 1 1\

S indie G, adjusting beam L, cam-wheel d, rock-lever D, vibrating screen C, and conveyer
, in such a manner that the grain is screened and conveyed to the stones, and slid stones
are adjusted without affecting the action of the screen, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the fan-beater N, revolving in the chamber M, the perforated bottom m, compart-
ments n opy and the auxiliary exhaust fan P, the two fan chambers being connected by the
passages q r, the whole arranged, combined, and operating substantially as and for the pur-
poses specified.

Also, the specific arrangement of the whole machine, whereby a draught is produced be-
tween the stones and through the grain, from the time of its ingress to its exit, substantially
as herein described.

No. 39, 147.— James P. Herron, of Washington, D. C, - Devicefor Preserving Postage
Stamps, — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in folding back the sheet
of stamps so that a piece of tin foil of half the size of the stamp sheet shall h^ interposed be-
tween tne gummed surfaces.

Claim, — To preserve postage stamps, ^c, afler being damp or wet, from adhering and
drying together, or to surfaces iiijuring them or rendering them us^ess, as specified and set
forth.

No. 39,148.— George B. Isham, of Burlington, Yi,—BiUand Currency Holder.— V&teni
dated July 7, 1803. — ^The interior of the box is divided up into compartments of convenient
size for bUIs and currency of the various denominations, a lid with a shank sliding and re-
tained in grooves lying upon the notes to keep them flat. The lids are fastened down by
bands extending trom hooks and around their handles when it is necessary to pack for
transportation.

Claim. — The arrangement of the trap-doors B, provided with cross-shaped projections A:,
in combination with slots / in the rear walls of the several compartments or the tray A, con-
structed and operating as and for the purpose herein shown and described.

Also, the arrangement of the hooks m on the front walls of the several compartments in
combination with springs m and with the handles j of the trap-doors B, constructed and
operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as specified.

No. 39,149.— LUM AN F. Johnson, of Buffalo, N. Y.— Improved Skate.— P&tent dated
July 7, 1863. — ^The curved runner is attached to the foot piece by means of slipping into
dovetailed grooves in disks under the tread, and the shape or bow of the runner is minified
by a screw bolt between the tread and the runner, which forces them apart.

Claim, — First, the application and use of a lifting screw shaf^ F, placed between the skate
runner and wood for the purposes and substantially as set forth.

Second, the metal disk C, having an undercut dovetail notch in combination with a run-
ner bent at both ends and fitted in said notch, as a means of fastening the runner to the
wood, substantially as described.

' No. 39,150.— Louis JouBERT,.of Paris, Fmace.— Improvement in Combined Knapsack,
T«Rt, and Litter. — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The invention combines all the parts neces-
sary to make a litter, or half a tent, and the supports and stays necessary, with the knapsack
in such a in»i»"f>r as to bring them within the space and weight for transportation on the back
of the soldier.



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526 AKHHAL BEPOBT OF THE

Cl«tm.— ^The arrangement of tbe knapsack A with straps hh' k k', poles E E', croes-ban
F, with hinged leffs e, straps/, and canvas D, all combined and operating in the manner and
for the purpose substantialtj as herein shown and described.

No. 39,151. - Samuel U. King, of Windsor, Yt— Improved BU'StocL^FaJUmt dated July
7, 1863. — ^The crank shank is attached to the handle by means of a pin on the former resting
' on a washer in the sleeve socket, which screws into the handle ; on the end of the shank is a
pivot which rests against a steel plate.

Claim, — The improved bit-stock, a^ having the shank and handle pivoted together as de-
scribed, and combined with a chambered sleeve, made and applied to both in the manner
and 00 as to operate therewith substantially as specified.

No. 39,152.— Samuel Lagowitz, of Newark, N. J. ^Improved Carpet Bag Frame, —
Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in making the jaws and cover of bent
wood, on account of the superior stiffness and lightness compared with motal, and the greater
facility for attachment of the covering material.

Claim, — Having the cover B made of elastic wood, and attached to one of the wooden
jaws A by stays, all as herein shdwn and described.

No. 39,153.— E. B. Larcher, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Lamp fFirib.— Patent
dated July 7, 1863. — ^At the upper end of a common wick is a section of asbestos, which is
fed by the ordinary wick without waste df material.

Claim. — ^For the wicks of lamps, the holder containing asbetos, substantially as described,
in combination with common wicking extending down into the reservoir of the lamp, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose specined.


No. 39,154. — ^Alexander B. Latta, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Lamp^ —
Patent dated July 7, 1863. — The cylindrical oil chamber is surrounded by a casing, the space
between them being occupied by a rising column of air, which impinges upon all sides of
the flame, and causes it to consume all its combustible products without me ala of an elevated
ohlbiney.

Claim, — ^The connexion of a conmion burner with the inverted metallic chimney C by
means of solder, so as, when used with a single metallic cone, to make a conductor of heat
£rom the flame to the air inside die chimney, mereby rarefying the air and producing an up-
ward current therein.

Second, the combination of the inverted chinmey C with the oil chamber G, when used
with a single metallic cone, so as to direct the current of air passing between the inverted
chimney C and the oil chamber G against the flame on all sides, thereby sustaining the flamn
without the aid of a glass, chimney, or other appliances.

No. 39,155.— J. M. Le Count and G. R. Boynton, of Hartford, "Washington county.
Wis. — Improved Sap SpUee, — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863.— ^The sheet metal spiles are formed
by being wrapped around a rotating mandrel in a concave bed, the ed^es being turned and
inserted in a longitudinal slit in sckid mandrel, and the latter revolved ; the other edge is then
inserted, and the motion reversed. The spile is removed by raising an upper journal on the
small end, which frees that end of the mandrel.

Claim, — First, a machine for forming sap spiles from sheet metal, when constructed in a
similar manner and for the purposes herein oescribed.

Second, the combination of the several parts of said machine, when constructed in BlM
manner and for the purposes hereinbefore described.

No. 39,156.— George W. Ludlow, of Elizabeth, Union county, N. J,-'Improvemeint in
Boots and Shoes, — Patent dated July 7, 1863. — A spring is inserted along the back seam,
between the upper and the lining, to prevent sag^ne of tne leather.

Claim, — The application of a spring b to the back seam of a boot or shoe, in the i
■ttd for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

No. 39,157. — JoHH Mather, of East Hampton, Hampshire county, Mass. — Improve/menu
im Oil Catu. —Patent dated July 7, 1863.— The air is admitted at the bottom through a pipe
into an air reservoir, from whence it passes by another pipe to the main chamber.

C/aim.— First, taking the air in at the bottom of the can A, instead of at the top, as spedfied.

Second, the arrangement of the conical reservoir D with the tube F, in combination witk
the air tube £, extending up through the bottom of the can A, as and for the purpoae sbowm
and described. •»

No. 39,158 —D. L. MnXER, of Bfadison, Morris county, N. J. — Improvement in Bating^
Presses, — Patent d^ted Julv 7, 1863. — The invention consists in the method of operating
the follower by means of riffht and left hand screws on a driving shaft, and gearing on worm
wheels fitted on shafts at ue ends of the press box ; the said shafts having conit^ pulleyi



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COMMISSIOKBB OP PATENTS. 527

Which by meana of ropes draw up the follower. The dri-nnff shaft is raised so thafc its screws
are oat of contact with the worm wheels bj the rotation of the shaft, to which its journals are
connected by rods.

C/cim.— The ropes c^ chains C, and the cones G G on the shafts F F, in combination with
the driving shaft J, worm wheels H H, and screws 1 1, all arranged substantially as and for
the purpose herein set forth.

Second, having the driving shaft J fitted in rods K E, which are connected to cranks on
a shaft L, substantially as showni for the purpose of throwing the screws 1 1 in and oat of
gear with the wheels H H, as herein specified.

No. 39,159.— William Mills and O. H. Bttrdbtt, of New Athens, Harrison county, Ohio.—
Improved Qa$ Apparatus for Domestic C/se.— Patent dated July 7, 1863.— The carburetted
hyoroffen from the retort is passed through a tar-collecting chamber, and then through a
secona purifying chamber, when it follows a rising sigzag passage made by a series of in-
clined passages of semlcylindrical form united at toe ends, so as to compel the gas to follow
the path thus provMed, by which it is brought into a more length^ied contact with the water
in the chamber ; from these it passes through the perforata bottom of the lime chamber,
where the impurities are still further eliminated, ana thenee into the gas holder, or diieetiy
to the supply pipe.

Claim. — First, the arraujgement of the contoves £, or their equivalent, forming a zigsag
or winding passage in the interior of the purifier, constructed and operating in the manner
and for the purpose substantially as described.

Second, the arrangement of a line chamber in the movable lid F of the purifier in combina-
tion with the flexible tube I, constructed and operating as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,160. — John Morrison, of Birmingham, Warwickshire, England. — Improvement
in Folding' Guides for Sewing Machines. — ratent dated July 7, 1863. — The improvement
consists ot two plates or strips of sheet metal situated parallel to each other, and at distanca
apart sufficient to allow the tabric to pass readily between them, and be twisted into a screw-
like form, so as to double over the edge of the stuff preparatory to sewing.

Claim. — ^The improvement in or addition to sewing machines hereinl^fore described afrd
illustrated in the accompanying drawing — that is to say, an instrument or apparatus con-
structed and operating as herein described, so as to regulate the width of the fold, and to be
attached to or used in connexion with sewing machines, for the purpose of folding or
doubling the edge or edges of the fabric or material to be Sewed, substantially as herein de-
scribed, the said instrument or apparatus consisting essentially of the two guiding plates h t,
and of two plates or strips ab of sheet metal or one plate raided, as herein described, and
the levers n or 1 ; the said plates or strips A i being situated parallel or nearly so to one
another, and the said plates or strips a h being twisted into a screw-like form, and either or both
grooved or plain on their inner or opposed surfaces.

No. 39,161.— Henry M. Naglek, tJ. S. A., of San Francisco, Cal.— /m^mwetf Automata
Sounding Apparatus. — ^Patent dated" July 7, 1863. — ^The rod i% pivoted to the side of the vet-
seU and its lower end trails on the bed oi the river, indicating on an arc the depth of sound-
ings.

Claim,— The within-described self-sounding apparatus composed of a rod or its equivalent
bung to the side of the vessel and permitted to traverse the bed of the river or harbor, sab-
stantially as set forth, for the purpose specified.

No. 39,162.— 'Hbnrt M. Naolbe, U. S. A., of San Francisco, Cal, - Improvememt in Ap*
maratms for DeUetimg and Exploding Submarine Torpedoes, — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. —
This consists of a float or raft with a projecting arm, with its submerged end provided with
hooks or projections to interlock with the anchor chains or trigger lines of torpedoes.

Claim. — First, searching for and exploding torpedoes by means of a raft A, or other suit-
able object permitted to float with the tide or current from a vessel at anchor, and having
the appliances herein described or their equivalent, to be operated from the deck of the sara
Tessel, the said appliances being such as to cut or to catch, seize or become entangled with
the discharging cords of the torpedoes, as herein set forth.

Second, the lever B, its plates H and pawls t, or other similar appliances, the whole being
attached to the raft A, or other floating o^ect, and the lever being controlled by a cord or
rope G, communicating with the vessel M, all substantially as set forth for the purpose
specified.

Nor 39,163.— 'BOBERT Nswrcm, of Phihidelphia, F&,'-Improved mode of Lacing Boots,^
Patent dated July 7, 1863.— -The lace passes through holes in the boots and mrough the
loops of a tongue fastened to the guard piece.

Claim, — Securing boots and shoes by laces passing through holes in the leg and throa|^
a tongue, when the latter is formed and arranged in respect to the boot or shoe as desoribM*
for the purpose specified.



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528 . ANNUAL EEPORT OF THE

No. 39,164.— Georoe Niderkorn and John Dubernet, of New YoA, N. Y.—Imprmd
Guide for Scroll Saws. — Patent dated Jolj 7, 1863. — ^The saw is continuous, running over a
driving and ^ide wheel of equal diameter, and the working side of the saw is stayed by a
horizontaUj ac^ustable guide on a depending rod attctched to the frame.

CUim. — The arrangement of the borizont^ a^jofitable slotted euide g in the box e, attached
to the Terticcdlj adjustable square rod c, in combination with tne enmess band saw A, con-
structed and operating in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,165.— John H. J. O'Neill, of New Haven, Cojm,-—ImprovenuTU in Bridle Bits.—
Patent issued July 7, 1863; antedated May 15, 1863.— The bar of the bit has ^thimbles on
its lateral portions and a ^ag upon its centre. The levers, which extend downw'ard from the
axis of the bit, have a series otopon rin^, through either of which the curb rein may be
passed, to give the required leverage on the horse's mouth.

C/aim.— First, the open adjusting rings described, when the same are used in oomb&ation
with the bridle bits in the manner and for the purposes substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement described of the bar B, gag A, thimbles N N,
and levers P P, constructed and operating substantiallj in the manner and for the purpose
as herein set forth and described.

No. 39,166.— M. Ormsbee, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Pasting and Mowntinf
Photographs^ 8fc. — Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The frame carries two rollers covered with
rubber, and arranged in different planes with regard to the handle. Above the outer roller
is a paste reservoir, with a sponge beneath to filter the paste through gradually. The other
roller is used for pressing down the print to its mounting. '

Claim, — First, covering the pasting and rolling-down or pressing rollers with rubber, or
its equivalent, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, the arranging of the pasting and pressing-down rollers in different planes with
regard to the handle, substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the paste reservoir, pasting and pressing rollers, frame, and
handle, for the purpose of pasting and pressing or rubbing down with one instrument, sub-
stantially as described.

No. 39,167.— Samuel N. Page, Salona, Clinton county, Pa.— /mprooemeiU in Balancing
and l^entilating Millstones. ^P&tNii dated July 7, 1863.— The stone is balanced by weights
which are adjustable on a circular track or rins attached to the periphery of the runner, and
this hoop is supported by brackets or wings, wnich cause an outward current of air to circu-
late betw een the stones, to prevent clogging.

Claim. — First, the weights F, provid^ with set-screWs c, and fitted to slide on a circular
wa;^ £, which is supported in a position concentric with the stone by fl&nches or wings h
prmecting from the circumference of the same, as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the flanches or wings b projecting from the runner stone, in combination with the
inclined partition J, box I, fender ^, and opening j, when constructed and arranged to
operate in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,168.— Bernard Palazot, of Bordeaux, Fnnce,—Imnrovement in Ftirnaces,^
Patent dated July 7, 1863. — Patented in France July 31, 186*2.— The improvement consists
in an aperture across the furnace in front of the grate giving passage to a current of air,
the volume of which is regulated by a register ; also of an archway formed by a plate above
the fire bridge, to concentrate the piuisage of the flame.

Claim. — ^The improved combination of the vaulting or plate C with the air entry A and
register B, appliea to boiler and other furnaces, the whole constructed and arranged in '
manner and for the puipose substantially as herein specified and shown in the figures of the
annexed drawing.

No. 39,169.— Israel Peck, of Southold, Suffolk county, N. Y., and W. H. H. Glover,
of New York, N. Y. — Improved Device for Drawing Off and Skimming Oils, 8fc. — ^Patent
dated July 7, 1863. — ^The skimmer is supported on the surface of the liquid by floats, and
the upper stratum which is gathered by it is passed down a pipe and through a nozzle or
stuffing box out of the cistern.

Claim. — The combination of the floats B B B D with the saucer A and pipe C, substas-
tially in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,170.— MORITZ Pinner, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Travelling Kitchen.—
Patent dated July 7, 1863.— The frames are made so as to hold the kettles and covers in
position, and they are connected by a steam pipe with the boiler; the whole frame beiag
suited to be mounted on a wagon, or detached, as the exigencies of the service may require.

Claim. — The construction of a locomotive cooking apparatus by connecting a steam gen-
erator or cooking ran^e, boilers, and steam pipes with movable frames, constructed substan-
tially as above set forth, which frames contain and hold the boilers in place while the yaldete
containing the whole apparatus is in motion.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 529

No. 39,171.-0. W. PRE8TOH, Jr., and Charles Barry, of Corninp, N. Y.— /m;Fror<-
Mieiil t« Sad'irons. — Pfttent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The improvement eon.«bt8 in constrnctin^
the iron with a shell, in which a sUding heater is placed so that the iron may be applied to
and heated by a coal-oil lamp, and serve as a draught chimney for the same ; a relay of irons
being used, so that in this mimner the lamp may 1^ constantly provided with a chimney.

Claim, — ^The iron D, composed of a shell c and a sliding or adjustable heater f fitted
within it, and arranged substantially as shown, so as to serve while being heated as a draught
chimney for the lamp, as set forth.

No. 39,172.^WlLLARD S. Ray, of North Adams, Berkshire county, Mass.— imjmwemeiit
tM Steam Trmps, — Patent dated July 7, ]86:i — ^Tbe orifice of the waste pipe is within a
spherical chamber, the other end of the pipe being attached to a fixed pouit in line with the
pipe, and at a little distance from it is a plunder working in a stufiSn^ box in the chamber
constituting a valve, which closes the end of tne pipe on the lonjgitndinal expansion of the
latter by the heat of the steam. A pipe on the lower side of the chamW carries off the
water of condensation ; a weighted lever applied to the outer end of the plug balances the
pressure of the steam against its end. When the pipe is filled with water, the length of tho
pipe is reduced so that the water is discharged, but the higher temperature of the steam closes
the orifice.

Claim, — The plunger or valve £, weight 0', and stop J, combined with etuch other and
with the expandmg pipe B and box A, or its equivalent, to operate substantially as and for
the purpose herein specified.

- No. 39,^73.— Francis Robbiks, of Acton, Middlesex county, UtLU»—Immraved Chuck
for Taming Staves. — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The staves are held in the cnuck Jt>y their

. chamfered ends being sprune to the required bulge by internal disks on the shaft, the heod^
being screwed up toward eaoi other by nuts.

C&im. — The heeds F and G, in combination with the shall C and nuts h, or their equiva-
lents, arranged and operating in \h» nutnner substantially as set forth for the purpose
specified.

No. 39,174. — ^Wm. Rosis of Halesowen, Worcestershire, England. — Improvement in the
(lualitif and Ornamentation of Metals. — ^Patent dated July 7, 186;i. — Explained by the clwm.

Claim. — ^For the purposes of ornamentation and strength, the piling or combining of
metals into a billet, so that the lamina of the metal of some of the bars shall be at right
angles to that of some of the other bars in the pile, for the purp6se of ffiving the moss, when
worked, a checkered f^pooronce throughout, as herein more fully set rorth and specified.

No. 39,175. — Socrates Scholfi^ld, of Norwich, CaoiL-^Improved Ltfe- Preserver. —
Patent dated July 7, 1863.— This is an apparatus whoso orifices are to be placed in con-
nexion with the mouth and nostrils, and having a floating valve in a chamber below, which
allows the ingress of water into the chamber as long as the apparatus is out of water, but
closes when it is submerged.

Claim. — The combination of a floating valve F with the pipe B, or its equivalent, sub-
stantially as described.

Also, the combination of a floating valve F with the pipes C C, or their equivalent, sub-
stantially as described.

No. 33,176.— Thbophilus E. Sickles, of Kennett Square, Chester county. Pa.— /«-
provement in Condensers for Steam Engines. — ^Patent dated July 7, 1863. — ^The invention
consists in the combination of an air pump and surface condenser with a blower to force a
current of air through the latter, for the purpose of condensing the steam and heating the air.

Claim, — ^The coinoination and arrangement in a condensing steana engine of an air pump
and surface condenste" with a blower to force a current of air through the condenser^ to
effect the condensation of the steam and to heat the air, substantially as set fortlu.



No. 39, 177.— Alfred E. Sboth, of Bronxville, West Chester county, N. Y.^hngrovement
in Wagon //ai6s.— Patent dated July 7, 1863.— A revolvinfp linch-pin works in a. groove on
the spindle and against the end of the boxing, being retained in place by a screw-cap with
• shoulder which Mats upon the linch-pin. t

C/aim.— The use of the ledffe M formed on the mside of the screw-cap. L In combination
with the revolving linch-pin £ and axle A, for the purpose hereinbefbie set forth.

No. 39, 17a— Samuel J. Smith, of New York, N.T.— flanil Stamping Prsss.— Patent
dated July 7, 1863.— The two stamps swing upon one gudgeon, and. their rotation, is limited'
by a pin projecting into a slot in the pintle. The impression is givenjupon a. pad on the bed,
and tne stamp is inked in a flat cup on the arm.supporting the gudgeon.

C/atiii.^-First, the combination of a swinging, stamp with .the inking table and impression
bed, when said inking table is elevated above toe impressionibedfor the purposei spedfiad. ^

H. Ex. Doc. 60 34

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530 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Secoml, two anns swinging on one gfndgeon and carryior different ^amps, snbstanttally
as specified, in combination with inkiiu^ and impression tabios, so placed toat either stamp
can DO inked and impressed, as set forth.

Third, the a^'ustable inking table I beamed is a shallow flat cap setting upon the arm c, as



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 89 of 164)