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D, arranged relatively to the reservoir A and tht; dasher £, as specified, but as having the
strut F combined and arranged with the curved arm D and the dasher £, so as to operate
substantially as described.*

No. 39,206.— J. A. Ayres, of Hartford, Coim.— Improved 5cr«i0-Drtrer.— Patent dated
July 14, 1863. — ^The screw-driver is of the nature of a hand-vice to hold a turn-screw blado
which is reversible at one end, having an ordinary edge, and at the other being slotted so that
in screwing the jaws of the vice together the sections are thrown out of line'with each other
and caused to bind against the opposite sides of the slit in the liead of the screw.

C^tm.— First, a screw-driver, formed or composed of a shank B slotted longitudinally and
provided with a set screw C and a detached or removable bit or turn-screw D, substantially
as set forth.

, Second, having the bit or tum-screw D provided with two prongs k 6, formed by slotting
Jhe bit or turn-screw longitudinailv with a lateral projection c, or an equivalent device or ar*
rangement, so that the prongs will be thrown out of fine with each other by screwing up the
sot screw C made to bind in the slot /of the screw, substantially as herein described.

Third, the reversible bit or turn-screw D provided at one end with the two elastic or yield-
ing pronffs b b, and at the other end with the ordinary tum-:icrew a, so that either may be
used as desired.

No. 39,807.— Cyrus W. Baldwin, of Boston, Suflfolk county, ^e^s.— Improvement in
Sewing JfodUnsf.— Patent doted July 14, 1863.— The improvement* con:iist8 in a peculiar

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and simple arrangement of parts wb^oby two eccentrics on a sin^^A shaft, with their bauds,
rods, stads, levers, Sec, are made to effect a shnttle-stitch movement.

C/oim.— The vibratmg bars or levers N and O, an operated bv the eccentrics F and G, by
means of the band^ H and I, the rods J an4 K, and the studs L and M, or their eaaiv-
alcnts, in combination with each otht^r and with the loops or lower needle, operated as aoove
described and for the porpoee herein set forth.

No. 39.208.— Charles F. Baxt^, of Bostoti, Mass.— /mpntpMi B0lf/i-ff<wj»er.— Issued
July 14, 1863; antedated Janaar^ 16, 1863. — ^The object of thia improvesient is to provide
a stopper which shall firmly hold its place in the neck of the bottle against internal pressure,
but be readily removable by manipulation. This b effected by making it of elastic material
and open at the end entering the oottle, whether with or without a shoulder on the. inside of
the neck of the bottle and corresponding projection on the stopper.

Claim. — First, an clastic stopper having a hollow or cavity opening into the end entering
the bottle, substantially as shown and described.

Second, the combination of a stopper having said cavity openins^ into the end entering the
bottle b and shoulder or enlargement c, substantially as shown and described.

Third, the combination of a stopper having said cavity in the end described, and shoulder
or enlargement with a bottle having a corresponding groove d, substantially as shown and

No. 39,209.— Hekry W. Bill, of Cuyahoga Falls, Summit county, Ohio.— Improff&m^nt
im PuncJnmg Machines. — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The object of this improvement is to
provide for the punching of plates of rarying widths at opposite edges or in two lines simulta-
neously ; and this is accomplished by two punches having the same drivinj^ mechanism and
adjustable to and from each other, with a suding carriage having an intermittent action grad-
uated to the motion of the punch, said carriage actuate by a pawl and rack running upon
rollers which fol^w a straight or curved track, acoordine to the requirements of the case.

Claim. — First, the combination of two punches with the same dnvinff mechanism in such
numner that they may be adjusted at different distances apart, to provide for the punching
of plates of various widths at opposite edges or in two lines simultaneously, substantially as
herein described.

Second, the employment, in combination with two panches adjustable at different distances
apart of an intermittently moving carriage, so arranged as to present the plate to both punches
in such manner as to CAuse the punching of the holes in both edges of the plate or in two
rows at a desired distance apart, substantially as herein specified.

Third, the employment, in combination wlAi two punches, arranged as described, for guid-
hig the movement of the plate carriage in straight or curved lines, as may be described, of a
variable system of guide rollers operating in combination with a straight or curved rack, or
a straight or curved groove, or its equivalent, on or in the carriage, substantially as herein
set for3i.

Founh, the employment for producing a variable feed moyement of the plate carriage of
a rack with radiating teeth, as shown in figure 6, and a laterally movable pawl, operating in
combination with such rack, substantially as herein specified.

No, 39,210.— A. Stewart Black, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Apparatus for
Temnering Umbrella Ribs. — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making
ihe ales with a square hole, hollowed in one die piece, the other piece presenting a fiat surface ;
these dies enclosed in a suitable casing being exposed to ^-burners to maintain the die at a
certain uniform temperature for tempering and straightening the rods.

Claim. — First, constructing the tempenng ^e wiSi a square hole, corresponding ip sixe to
the wire to be tempered, in oraer that the wire may be straightened in all airections and the
flattened portions of the wire be brought on line with each other, as and for the purposes

Second, constructing the tempering die with grooves in one of the half pieces coming op-
posite- the flat surface of the other half piece, whereby the tempering dies are more easily
made and kept in order, as set forth.

Third, the tempering dies constructed, substantially as specified, and enclosed in a suitable
casing in combination with gas-burners, applied substantially as shown, whereby the tem-
perature of the sold tempering dies is easily regulated and maintained with onLformity, as
set forth.

No. 39,2U.— Robert Brago, of San Francisco, CsA.—hnproved Skid for Discharging
and Loading Tesse^.— Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The inyention consists in an orc-sbapcS
continuation of the skid or hollow track, which, curving upwards, checks the descent of the
barrel or package.

Claim.— The construction and application of the circular arc B, as attached to the skid A,
operating substanualiy as described and for the purposes set forth herein.

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No. 39,212.— A. G. Brown, of Lima, Allen oonnty, Ohlo.-^Iatfr^ved Wathiug JfodkMA.—
Patent dated July 14, 1863. — This madiine consists of a stationaiy tub with a reciprocating
washing board, npon which the clothes are held by the operator. The washboard is driven
bj treadle, drum, band, smaller wheel, crank, and pitman.

Cfaim.— The combination of a statioiiarj wasning tub with a reciprocating washing board,
under the arrangement and for operation substantially as herein set £>rth.

No. 39,213.— Lasslo Chandorr, of New York, N. Y.—lmpravemeni in the Mam^aehm
of Alkaline Caf6<m«fes.— Patent dated JuhrrH, 1863.— The process described consists in
putting in contact a solution of sulphuret of sodium or potassium, some cream of lime, and
a current of carbonic acid. During the disengagement of the latter a beater keeps the matter
agitated, to prevent the deposition of lime and of oxysulphuret of calcium, and to expose the
carbonic acid freely to the solution, which is heated by a worm of steam to quicken the reac-
tion and diseng^age the sulpho-hydric acid as soon as formed. .

C^tm.-^First, the fonuadon of the carbonates of potash and soda by the transformation of
the snlphnrets of potassium and sodium into bicarbonates of the same bases, by the process
and substantially m the manner described.

Second, the manufacture of the sulphuret of sodium by the decomposition of the sulphuret
ef barium, substantially in the manner described.

Third, the manufacture or production, by Uie process described, of the sulphate and car*
bonate of baryta.

Fourth, the use of limes for the purpose and in the process described.

No. 99,214.— Q. W. Cole, of Canton, Fulton county, IlL— rm;»r<wem«ii( in Com-Udk
Cutters, — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^This machine is intended to cut up into small pieces
the corn-stalks standing or lying in a field, so as to enable them to be ploughed under and
be out of the way of cultiTation. It consists of a rotating cutter head, which revolves by
its impact on the ground, and cuts by pressure on the stalks as it passes over them. Tlie
cutter head is jonmalled in a swinging frame attached to the main frame, wfflcb is supported
on wheels, and the stalks are gathered by swinging spring hooks into the path of the cutter
head. The forward end of tli^ cutter frame is adjusted, as to pressure, by the curved rods
which pass from the counterpoise weight I to the block K, and by means of the windlass at
the i^ear of the cutter frame. A second swinging frame at the rear of the other affords seat
and foot-board for the driver.

CUim. — First, the combination of the two swinging or ac^ustable frames E F attached to
the fmme A ctnd to each other, as shown, and provided respectively with the cylinder of cut-
ters H and the foot-board G, arranged substaniially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Secoud, the adjustable bar or weight I applied to the frame £, substantially as shown and
used in connexion with the curved rod J, staple/, and pin A, or an Univalent fastening, for
the puipose herein set forth.

Third, the adjustable hooks N N in combination vnth the springy 0, arranged substan-
tially OS and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the windlass L applied to the frame A In combination with the frames E F, for
the purpose specified.

No. 39,215.— GoRDEN Constable, of Cannonsrille, Delaware county, N. Y.^Impravenunt
in Machine for Loading Haif. — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^Attached to a wago& is a fi-arae
which has at its rear a traction roller and endless rake, working on vei*tical standards which
elevate the hay and discharge it into another endless rake, whidi carries it forward and drops
it into the wagon, in which a roller is placed to compress it ; the necessary motion for toe
latter is. given by causing the wagon to have an intermittent reciprocating motion relatively
to the frame, by which it b advanced and receded and the roller caused to roll back and forth
in the wagon bed. The motion is obtained by ondless racks, gearing into pinions on the
•shaft of the forw.'U'd rollers of the frame.

Claim, — ^The sliding endless rakes £ £ in the filming A, in combination with the pinions
d* on the axle D of the wheels B, all arranged to operate substantially as described.

Also, the roller L fitted between the lower ends of the rack bars I ^ arranged substantially
as shown, when said roller is used in cpmbination with ^le endless rakes Q A' and the
wa^on J, for the purpose specified.

Also, placing the rake Q in a vertically adjustable frame P, arranged as shown, to admit
of the aojustment of said rake relatively with the ground, as set forth, and also for the pur-
pose of rendering it operative, as described.

No. 39,216.— Horace C. Dimmick^ of St. Louis, Uo.-^Improvement in ProjeetiUa for
Ri^ed Ordnance, — Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The general shape of this shot is cylindrical,
with a steel band around its forward end and a chamfered recess in its face. The forward
part is made of wrought-iron and the rear of cast-iron, with an interposed disk of lead and
the two iron portions dowelled together. The central portion of the rear projects hemisphe-
rically, and its outer rem* portion consists of a band of wrought-iron, with a coating bana-of

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Babbit metal whicb etif^ages the rifling. The band ii lapported upon anns firom a ring
aronnd the rear of the cjlindrical portion of the projectile.

Claim, — The construction and shape of tlie steel and wrought-iron front, in combination
with the lead and cast-iron portion, as arranged with the bunds N and P, for the purpose of
giving the projectile perfect rotation and nuking it more certain in its action, as herein

No. 39»5l7.— Frank Douglass, of Norwich. Conn.^ Improvement in Buckles,— -Vtkieni
dated July 14, 1863.— The buckle consists of two pieces— a swinging frame which is sock-
eted in a stationary loop, the latter carrying a clamp over which the strap is bent in fasten-
ing and then run through the loop of the stationary |)art.

Clmim, — ^The swinging frame A, in combination with the stationary loop e, socket B, and
tongue D, substanticUly as herein specified.

No. 39.21^.— James B. Eads, of St. Louis, Mo. — imjpreved Deftmnve Armor for^Mmrine
and other Bo/teries. —Patent dated July 14, 18(U. — This improvement consists in a method
of securing the armor plating to the sides of a vessel by means of angle-iron projecting from
the said sides, and dowel pins which interlock the layers of plates.

Claim. — ^The employment of the angle-iron bars ^, in eombmation with the armor plates E
and dowel pins/, constructed and arranged as herein described and represented, for securing
the armor of war- vessels, and making a system of breaking joints^ substantially as herein
set forth and represented.

No. 39,219.— George Ehrsam, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Hemv MaekUu. —
Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The leaves of the Agave Americana (or other similar vegetable
production) are fed by revolving feed rollers to tl^ drum, which is a frustum of a cone hav-
ing combs on its periphery, with teeth increasing in fineness toward the base of the drum ;
the latter revolves within a cap, which is open at the base of the cone, and the leaves beinr
ted in at the smaller end of the drum are, oy the gradually increasing speed, caused to loU
over and over and eventually out at the base.

Claim, — First, the employment or use of a oonkal drum A, carrying a series of combs F,
and workiug within or under a cone cap G, in the manner and for the purpose substantially
,as herein shown an^ described.

Second, discharging the clean fibres over the large end of the cone dram A through the
opdn side of the cap G, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as specified.

Third, making the teeth of the combs F of gradually increasing fineness uom one toward
the oiher end of the drum, as and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, giving to the feed rollers an oblique position in relarion to the main shaft of the
drum, substantially as and for the purpose spedned.

No'. 39,220. — Samuel L. Frrrs, of Ashbumham, Worcester county, Mass. — Mmekiue for
Dressing Chair Backs. — Patent dated Jul^ 14, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a recipro-
cating segment carnage placed on an adjustable bed, so as to carry thevtuff in a cir^lar
ttack beneath the pressure rollers add the rotary cutter head, to dress the stuff to the requi-
site concave shape for chair backs.

CUiM.— First, the reciprocating segment bed E, pl^kced on the adjustable war B B, and
operated substantially as shown, in combination with the pressure rollers M M and the
ruiarj cutter N, all arranged as and fur the purpose specified.

Second, the arrangement and combination of the shetfl X provided with the cams T T, the
a-m W, pawl V, ratchet Uv the levers P A', cam T, socket R, with pin Q, the spring t on
the journal of the cutter N, and pins / 4 at the side of the bed £, ail arranged as and lor the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,221.— W. A. Thobias, of Shelby, Richland county, Ohio.— improvemont in Bso-
Aiee«.— Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The flrames are made semicircular, of hoops fastened
at their ends by a bar ; over the frames is a painted and sanded board to prevent the bees
fit>m attaching comb to it or render it difficult to remove it and get at the comb frames. A
sliding board beneath the slot in the bottom of the hive is provided with chambers as a trap
for moths. A semi-cylindrical box with a slot is placed at the side and is rotated so as to
open or close that entrance, while a tray below catches the dust and affords a place for the
deposit of the eggs, of the bee moth.

Claim. — Firs^ tl^ semicircular comb firames A, in combination with a semiclrcolar ease B,
arrang^ as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the sand board E, which forms a partition between the eomb frames and honey
boxes above, C4>n9tructed as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the moth traps F, in combination with the adjustable bottom board G, arranged and
operating in the manner and for the object described.

Fourth, the adjustable front entrance H, in combination with the moth box I, arranged and
operating as specified.

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568 irortrJLL reppkt of the

No. 39, 222.— Geo. B. Fowler, of Chicago, Hh—'Jmprovement in Adding Jtf«dktiie«.—
Patent dated July 14, 1863.— This is an improvement on Young*B patent of July 24, 1849, in
respect to the mode of disposing the figures on the lower surface of the slides, and on the
upper surface of the bed ; and also in the mode of indicating the result of the calculation.

Claim. — ^Tfae arrangement of the apparatus b in the under side i3i( the platform or bed K to
operate in combination with the figures on the under side of the slides B, and with said slides,
strips C, and caps D D', in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,223.— E. Otis Frink and Curran E. McDonald, of Indianapolis, Ind. —Improved
Lock and Bolt. — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^These improvements consist in peculiarities of
construction, the detail of which cannot be condensed within the bounds of an abstract.

Claim, — First, the boH F, when the same is constructed and operated substantially as set

Second, the knob S S, when the same is constructed and operated substantially ^ set forth.

Third,*the annular plate £, and the bent wire b b\ when the same are constructed and
operated substantiallv as set forth, or any other substantially the same.

Fourth, the escutcheon tube 18, when the same is cunstmcted as aforesaid, combined with
the said key No. 12, and the said spring k A, otherwise substantially as set forth.

f^fth, the said key No. 12, when the same is constructed and operated in the manner and
for the purpose as aforesaid, or any other substantially the same.

Sixth, the said cylindrical sUde No. 10, with its springs A and k k, when the same are con-
structed and operated substantially as set forth.

Seventh, the shank A A' of the said knob S S, when the same is constructed and applied
substantiallv as set fbrth.

Eizhth, the said file-faced tumbler I V, when the same is constructed and operated sub-
stantially as set forth.

Ninth, the slot x 2 of the said escutcheon tube, when constructed and applied substantially
as set forth.

Tenth, the look, as a whole, when the same is constructed and operated substantially as
set forth, or any other substantially the same.

No. 39,224.-0. B. Galemtine, of Brooklvn Centre, Cuyahoga county, Ohio.— /mprofe-
ment in Carriage Springs,— Fektent dated Juhr 14, 1863.— The upper aoj^ lower portions of
the elliptic spring are t^d by a bifurcated rod. to the perch or coupling polo a little behind '
the fore axle, so as to keep the springs firom being upset upon the udes or strained by pitch-
ing of the carriage body.

Claim,— 'The application of a self adjusting triangular brace to land carriages, in such a
manner as to retain the parts of the springs and their attachments in their proimr relationsr
and thus to secure the parts from undue strain or breaking by the motions of the carriage.

No. 39,225.— SamUBL Gl89IKOeR, of Alleghany City, Va,— Improvement in Chums.—
Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^In the centre of the dasher frame is a perforated pump chamber
and a piston, whose rod is operated by the same wheel which drives'the dasher shaft pinion;
the object is to agitate as effectually fis possible the contents of the chum by the creation of
counter currents.

Claim. — ^The combination of the pump, dashers and breakers, when used in connexion
with a chum, and operated in the manner and by the means described and for the purpose
set forth.

No. .39,226.— Ltman Gk>ULD, of Norwich, Conn.— Monlding Machine Feeif.— Patent dated
July 14, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the method of adjusting the pressure of the
rolls to the varying requirements of the stuff", by means of a sciew and npring at each end
acting upon the frame m which the rollers aro joumallod, so as to accommodate the face of
the rollers to bevelled stuff which is being fed to the cutlers.

C/aim.r-First, the raising the feed-rolls combined, each end independent of the other, by
the use of the crank screws M and K, by winch the rolls are tilted to any required angle
from a horiiontal position, in order to bear on bevelled stuff, to feed it tmrough under the
rolls and cutters. *

Second, the combination of the frame B with the columns C C C C, the top frame S, the
bolts and nuts b bbb, with the arrangements for holding, guiding, and giving pressure to
the rolls, substantially as and for the pui^oses specified, the whole forming a neat and oon-
venient frame for use in the manner and for the purposes herein specified.

Third, the arrangement of the boxes D D D D, the spring G, and the rods N N, sliding in
the slots P P, to acQust themselves to any position of the rolls.

Now 39,287.— W.H.GwyKNE, of White Plains, Westchester county, lif.Y.—Improvemtnt
in the Manufacture of Illuminating Gas, — Patent dated July 14, IdiiJ.— The invention cijii-
•ists in providing a bench of three or more gas retorts, in one of which is placed a supor-
beating and distnbuting coil ; all these retorts are filled with anthracite coal, and the steam

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decomposed in the first retort passing through the coil in the others, more highl j carboniies
the gas than oould be done in one retCMrt, and thereby producing illuminating gas.

C/aim.— Carbonizing hydrogen gas, by passing it throueh a sufficient quantity of anthra-
cite coal to render it fit for illuminating purposes, substautiolly as described.

No. 39,228.— Joseph F. Hamilton, of Pittsbui^, Pa.— /mjj rowwaju t» Cut-off Valve
6tar far Steam £i^iiie«.— Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The object is to make a variable
cut-off operated by the goyemor. The cam rod of the engine is attached to the rock shaft,
imparting an oscillating motion to the lifters which come in contact with the regulating arms
and lift the frame to which the valve is attached. The said arms are moved m and out by
means of rock levers, &.C., from the governor rod, and the distance to which the valve is lifted
depends upon the extent to- which the arms are projected inside of the frame.

Claim. — The arrangement of the regulating arms h, lifters t, spring g^ frames m and c,
arms or levers i and «, when used in connexion with the governor and rock shaft or eccentric
en^nes, the whole behog arranged, constructed, and operating substantially as herein de-
scribed and £6r the puipose set lorth.

No. 39,229.— Joseph P. Hamilton, of Pittsburg, Ta,^Improvement in Variable Cut-off
Valoe Oear/or Steam fn^tiiM.— Patent dated July 14, ^863. — The valve rod and valve are
lifted b^ the trigger attached to the rock shaft, which impinees upon the under side of the
regulatmf: arm which projects through a box on the valve rod, being^controUed in the degree
of its projection by a rocking lever actuated by the governor rod. When the regulating rod
projects out little, it soon drops off the trigger and cuts off the ateam. The arrangement is
unplicated, so as to ai't at eack end of the cylinder.

Claim, — ^The arran<;oment of the Mfters j, triggers k, spring I, regulating arms A, arms or
levers m and «, and link d, when used in connexion with a governor and rock shaft or
eccentric of engines, the whole being arranged, constructed, ana operating substantially oa
herein describe and for the purpose set forUi.

No. 39,230. — Jacob Harder, of Lock Haven, Clinton county. Pa. — Improvement in

Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 91 of 164)