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Baling Presees, — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — The follower of the press is operated by hand
or by means of pulley ropes attached at each end of a vibrating lever, whose pintle, passing
through the follower rod, works in a sinuous groove between two double racks ; spring pawls
upon the lever engage with these racks on each side alternately as the lever is worked to and
fro, and press the mk>wer into the box.

Claim, —Operating the follower B, through the medium of the lever D, provided with the
sliding pawls h h, and connected to the follower rod C by a joint, the pintle/ of which works
in sinuous grooves d d between racks e c, arranged one above the other below the follower
rod O, substantially as and for the purpose herem set forth.

No. 39,231.— H. Q. Hood, of HarUn, Allen county, Ind.—hnprovement in Fences, — Patent
dated July 14, 1863. — ^The end battens of the panel are made wide, so that the boards may
have a hold without extending across ; the next panel is laid against it, so Uiat the ends of
the boards in the respective panels touch each other, being incmded between the battens of
the two nanels. The two battena are then tied toffether by a wedge pin and stayed by
A-8hapea braces, which are fastened over the fence dv a ring.

C^im.— The arrangement with the battens B B, slotted and notched as shown, and the
boards or rails a a of the fastening pin £, the bevelled braces D D, and ring e, when all the
parts are constructed as herein shown and described.

No. 39,232.-0. W. Howard, of Haramonton, Atlantic coun^, N. J.— /mproMmenf in
Breeeh-loading Fire-arm, — Patent dated July 14, 18i5J. — ^The cylinder rotates on a vertical
axis and has one charge chamber, which is countersunk for loading from either end. The
cylinder is rotated in the act of cocking the gun by the connexion of the lower end of the
hammer with a ratchet, which engages a pinion on the cylinder pintle.

Claim,— The construction of the cylinder C with countersunk recesses at each end of the
charge chamber, as herein shown and described, so that said cylinder, although rotating in
one direction, maj be loaded with cartridges at cither end of the chamber, all as set forth.

Also,' the combmation of the oscillating ratchet bar k^ lever i j, and rod A, with the ham-
mer F and the ratchet wheel t, in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 39,233.— John Howarth, of Salem, Mm9,— Improved Machine far making Cement
Pi^»«s.— Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The pipe is formed upon a mandrel by successive
wmppings of bitumenized paper or other material, rotated upon two polished rollers and an
up|)er or pressure roller, and treated with successive coatings of cement until the required
thickness is attained.

C^i/a.— Forming the exterior of the pipe, and holding and sustaining it while being so
formed, upon its rod or shaft, by means of two lateral rollers, operating therewith substan-
tially as described.

Also, in combination with the two lateral rollers operating upon the pipe as described, the
top or third roller i i, for the purpose specified.



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540 ANNUAL REPORT O^ THB

No. 99,234.— JosiAH Jcjdbyihb nnd Ze^ulon Shaw, of Rozlmij, Dane eoantj, Wis.—
Jmprovemeni in Grain Binders. — ^Patent dated July 14, 1863^— This binder is oper^ed hj
two men, one of whom takes the grain from the plabform to the gratherer of the ^mn binder,
and the other one operates the blMer. The wire lies udob the gatherer on which the grain
18 thrown, the revolution of the pinion hy the crank ana segmental cog-wheel then operates
the gatherer which yibrates over, clasping the gavel ; the twine is secured by the spring
clomp, which is revolved by means or the crank twisting the wire, and then cut by the
shears, and the sheaf removed.

Claim,— The arrangement of the gatherer B with spring jaws d, pinion a, segmental cog-
wheel b, and crank e, in combination with the spool C, scissors D, and twisUng mechamsm
£, all constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantiiQly as herein
shown and described.

No. 39,235.— RODOLPHB Leschot, of Paris, France.— Tooj far Bimng IZoc^.— Patent
dated Jnly 14, 1863.— This invention consists of a tubular drill whose lower edg^ is armed
with diamonds, so as hy its forward and rotary motion to make an annular orifice, the
central being removed by other subsequent means.

C/aim. ^The tool for boring or cutting rock or other hard substances, composed of an
annular or tubular stock or crowu, armed with a series of diamonds, and operating substao^
tially as herdn specified.

No. 39,236.— WiLUAM F. Lewis, of Watertown, Conn., and Jos^H H. Baird, of
Wateibury, Ck>nn. — /mvrovemeftf ta Dttiet far Prevmtimg RHrograde Moiian in Sewing
Machines — Patent datea Julv 14, 1863. — ^This consists of a ratchet-wheel and pawl in con-
nexion with the rotating hoobfor preventing the latter being turned in the wrong direction ;
pressure upon Ihe flat part of the lever will raise the pawl when required to turn tho reverse
wav.

Claim, — ^The combination with a rotatinr hooked mandrel C, for carrying the thread
around a bobbin, of a ratchet wheel E and friction lever F, provided with a pawl,</, con-
structed, arranged, and operating substantially as de8crit>ed, anH for the purposes set forth.

No. 39.237.— Thomas J. Hatall, of Rozbury, Meas,— Improved Hose or T^fria;!'.— Patent
dated July 14, 1863.— The tube is woven from threads or strands which have been previously
saturated with gutta-percha or India-rubber.

Claim. — ^I^orming a hose or tubing, by first saturating or incorporating threads or strands
of fibrous materials, rubb^ or gutta-percha, or compounds of either or both, and, then
weaving or braiding the same, substantiaUy as set forth.

No. 79.238.— Thomas J. Matall, of Rozbuiy, Mass —Improvement in the Manirfactnre of
EUutie Hose or Tubing. — ^Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in weav-
im^ or braiding around a rubber tube or water-proof lining layers of twine or cord saturated
wtth a woier-nroof composition.

Claim, — A nose or tubing in which the periphery of one or more of its layers is formed by
weaving or braiding upon an inner tulw or lining an outer tube made of twine, wire, or
other strands or threads, substantially as set forth. •

No. 39,239.— Jambs Packer, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Chain Lia4.— Patent dated
Julv 14, 1863. ^The link is made of two bent rods with a swivel and head, and a screw on
their respective ends, so as to unite the ends of a chain, or attach one to an eye-bolt, &^

Claim. — ^A chain link A made of two parts B C, united by two swivels D, in the maimer
and for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

No. 39,240.— August F. W. P.uitz, of Wurtsboro', Sullivan county, N. Y.—Improte-
ment in Amalgamators. — Patent dated July 14, 186:^ — ^The claims arc explanatory.

Claim. — Fi^st, a current of mercury moving over a horizontal or inclined surface, upon
which auriferous or argentiferous ores or substances in a dry pulverulent state aie dUtribuicd,
to effect their amalgamation, as specified.

Second, amalgamating gold and silver with mercury, by causing tho former to come in
contact with the latter, while passing in a .thin strata over an inctiuod metallic plute or
trough, the surface of which ia amalgamated with mercury, the down-flowing mercury being
drawn away from below the surface at the delivery end of the said p.ate or trough, and re-
elevated to the higher end thereof, substantially as set forth.

Third, a current of water or air in combluation with a flowing sheet of mercury for re-
moving the tailings, the pulverized ore being distributed ou such sheet in a dry state, sub-
stantially as specified. ^

Fourth, agitating the tailings by means of rotating or oscillating stirrers or bauches, in
combination with amalgamatins^ machines in which the mercury flows in a thin strata over
an inclined plate, in order that the said tailings may be easily removed, and the mercury be
allowed to freely return to the point of beginning, substantially as set forth.

Fifth, distiibuting auriferous or argentiferous ores or substances in a dry state upon a
moving sheet of mercury, (for the purpose of effecting their amalgamation,) by means of
Yibratmg sieves or screens, substantially as specified.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS, 541*

No. 39,241.— Jofiv G. Perrt, of Soath Kingston, Washinfton coanty, B. 1.— Improve-
tiunt in Strata C«/£erj[.— Patent doted Jaly 14, 1863.— The revolring catiers with spiral
knives are g^red together by wheels of eqttai speed, and are constmcted with alternate
blades and projections, so that the blade of one cuts shearwise on the projection of the other,
each alternately making a cot npon its fellow. The frame in which tnese working parts are
joomalled has a dovetail which fits a corresponding recess in a plate attached to tne face of
the frame.

Claim.— FiTsU the cylinders provided with alternating knives and projections 3, when
constructed as described and for the purpose set forth.

Second, a straw cutter having two or more of said cylinders, constmcted as described, and
working in combination in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Third, attaching the rolls to the frames of straw cutters by means of dovetail e and recestf
fi, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,242.— John G. Perry, of South Kingston, Washington county, R. I.— /mjrrovs^
ment in Hap CM^erf.— Patent issued Jnl^ 14, 1853; antedated May 13, 1863.- The soiral
flanged cylinder, the shearwise pa^sago ot whose edges in passing each other cuts the nay,
are geared so that the upper or two-knived cylinder runs twice as tast as the lower to enable
it to cut against each or the four flanges of tho lower one. The lower wheel is turned on its
shaft so as to adjust the flanges on its cylinder relatively closer or otherwise to the blades on
the upper cylinder, and the spiral twist q{ the lower flango:» is less than that of the upper
for obvious reasons. The lock on the frame which temporarily engages the driving wheel is
to prevent its revolution by children when not in service. •

Claim. — First, the combination of the adjusting screw S, gears D 0, and hub o, with the
cylinders, for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the combination of the lock with the hay cutter, substantially as herein described
and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,243.— John G. Perrt, of South Kingston, Washington county, B. l.-^lmproved
Meat Cutter, — Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^Tne improvement consists in the manner of
fixing the knives in the machine, their backs entering grooves in the casing while their sides
ore hupported by a slotted plate which is attached by a screw to the case.

Claim.— The combination of the slotted plate S with the knives z z, substantially as
herein described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,244.— John G. Perrt, of South Kingston, Washington county, H. I,— Improved
Sausage 5/M^ef. ^Patent dated July 14, 1883. — A cam npon the horizontal shaft is made to
sweep the sides of the chamber, carrytn^^ down the meat and expressing it through t|;ie noxsle,
tho ^ate which guides the meat toward the exit being openea and closed by means of pro-
jections which engage a groove on the cam.

Claim. — The combination of the cam D and plate L, substantially as herein described and
for tho purposes sot forth.

No. 39,246.— Stephen Puffer and Andrew J. Sands, of Oxford, Chenango county,
N. Y.— Improvement in Water E/evolorf.- Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The improvements
consist in the slotted crauk, which has a pin engaging or detachable from the toothed
coupling wheel, and the brake lever with the pawl pivoted thereto, so that by the endwise motion
of the crank-arm the pin may be withdrawn from the tooth of the wheel, releasing the roller
shafl, while the depression of the brake lever brings the latter into operation and elevates the
pawl from contact with the ratchet-wheel, in which condition the bucket is fireet to descend
under the brake pressure upon the roller.

Claim.— The longitudinally sliding self-detachable crank H, whenarran^ and combined
with the toothed coupling wheel G of the windlass shaft C, substantially in the manner and
for the purpose herein set forth.

Also, the self-detachable sliding crank H, the toothed coupling wheel G, the windlass
shaf^ C, the rigidly united brake, lever, and pawl L and M, tne automatic self-discharginff
bucket N, and the windlass drum £, of our improved water-drawinff apparatus, when said
parts are arranged and combined with each other substantially in the manner and for tho
purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,246.— Westlet Richards, of Birmingham, England.— /myivMUMiK mi Breech*
loading Ftre-amtf.— Patent dated July 14, 186J.— This consits of a breech plug attached
to a lever which moves vertically to expose the rear of tho barrel. Tho front ofthe plug con-
sists of a jointed and pivoted piece, aqd the whole plug is contained within a chamber whose
rear eonstitutes the abutment.

Claim, — ^The combination of the hinged cover and lever c, carrying the sliding block rf,
and its projection d^ and pivoted or yielding plug «, with the chamoer b, and its i4>erturo ^,
in tho manner and for the purpose herein describe and represented.



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542 AKyUAL REPORT OP THB

No. 39,247.— Jacob Frederick Schnetoer, of Brooldjn, K. Y.— /m^roeematf tt
ihatu, — Patent dated Julj 14,1863. — The runner is forked from the middle toward the rear
with a wheel in the biforcation. The leathers are clamped underneath the foot>piece bj
means of wires which enter the jogged or notched recess.

Claim, — First, the forked nmner, substantlalljr as described.

Second, the wheel in combination with the forks of the forked runner, sabstantiallj as
described.

Third, secoriiig the loaihers within the two>p«rt stock bj means of the wires/ and jogs in
the recesses g^ in the manner specified.

No. 39,248.— Francis B. Scott, of Bofhlo, N. Y.-^lmprimd Paddle- Wheel.— Ptimi
dated July 14, 1863. — Each bucket is attached to the end ot a vibrating arm pivoted near
the periphery of the wheel and advanced or receded in a track on the face of the wheel, being
projected or receded by an eccentric so as to expose the paddle to the water in its effective
pontion, and withdraw it within the periphery of the wheel at other points of its revolution.

CUim, — First, the bucket C attached to the arm C at any given angle thereto, the arms
being hinged to the wheel near the pumping thereof, and geared by an eccentric which is
sapported oy the boat, for the purpose and substantially as described.

Second, making the wheel with compartments al, leaving an open space a2 between each,
through which space the bucket advances and recedes, for the purposes set forth and shown
in the drawings.

No. 39,249.— BENJABItN Smith, of Batavia. HL-^Im^novememt in Rttking AtUchments t$
Harvesters.— ViLtent dated July 14, 1863. — On the dnving*wheel shaft is a crank with a
crooked ueck, connected by a l>a1l joint to a pitman which is socketed to the rake holder.
The rake^head is made to roll up as the grain is discharged from the platform by means of a
finger on one side of the rake, vrhich comes in contact with a projection on the stand, it being
held suspended by a catch that drops into a notch until it returns for another bundle, when,
as the lower end of the catch presses the rim of the notch, it raises the catch and the rake
descends.

Claiwi. — In combinatkm with a rake that is operated by a crooked-necked crank and a
flexible or ball and socket connexion, and rolled up upon a ^de-piece F, a self'connecting
and disconnecting catch I that holds the rake up at certain intervals, and allows it to drop
upon the platform when about to clear it of the cut grain, substantially as described and
represented. •

No. 39,250.— Nathaniel Waterman, of Boston, ^tias,— Improved Sadiron.—Fs.tent
dated July 14, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in the shape of the iron, and is sufficiently
dencribcd in the claim and illudtration.

Clnim, — An improved smoothing or sadiron, as made not only with a round heel and a
plane surface bottom and a pointed or angular toe, but with the sides making an an^le with
the bottom, and with the top or upper surface rounded at and above the toe and toe heel,
and both longitudinally and laterally in the manner as shown in the tfcoompanying drawings,
and substantially as described.

No. 39,251.— Zen.\8 Wheeler, of San Francisco, Ca\,— Improved Machine for CoUeeting
Amalgam and Mereurfffrom Ore Pulp —Patent dated July 14, J 863. —This machine is con-
structed for saving the mercury from the pulp or waste matter which escapes from the ordi-
nary amalgamators, and consists of a tub with concave bottom and a central depression,
in which is a vertical tubular rotary shaft having arms on which pads are placed, which rub
on the bottom and collect the particles of mercury which run down into the central chamber;
water is supplied through the hollow shaft which may be decanted off by a siphon or cocks,
and the quicksilver drawn off by the lower tube connected with the gathering chamber.

C/atm.— The tub A, provided with the concave bottom a and chamber 6, in combination
with the rotating pads L, as and for the purpose specified.

Also, in combination with the pads L, concave bottoms a and chamber ft, or the tub A, the
tabular shaft H and arms ^, &11 arranged for joint operation as and for the purpose Specified, •

Ko. 39,252.— Henry Winter, of Honesdale, Wayne county, P&.— Machine for Turning
Umbrella Hooks or Handles.-— Patent d»,ted July 14, 1863. — ^This machine is used for dressing
the curves and hooks of the handles of umbrellas or walking sticks, and consists Of a cutter-
head with a ^ouge^shapcd cutter acting on the stick which is passed into the central openine
of the cutter-head, which is run by a belt on its periphery, and is mounted on a stock and
secured by a cap.

Claim. — First, the revolving cutter-head with a gouffe-sh^ied cutter, and with a centre
opening that is flaring or trumpet*mouthed on each side, for dressing curves or hooks on
umbrella sticks and other articles, substantially as specified.

Second, the mode of constructing the stock a and cap c, for receiYing and sustaining the
rotatiug cutter-head, as set forth.

Third, the adjustable fence Ae, in combination with the revolving ciittor*hMd e, for thd poi*
pose and as specified.



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COMHISfllONER Of PATEKT8. 54S

No. 39,25.1.- -Georob F. J. CoLBUBir, of Newark, N. J^aaeigDOT to LUtfUBl. Beers, of
Newton, CoYm.—Intfroved Hinged ColUt$ for Lam^f.— Patont dated July 14, 186:).— Tli«
invention consists ot a hinged collar operating verticallj and located between the lamp top
and the neck, bjr which the homer may be raised tot the purpose of filling the reservoir ; a
clatch pin or button attached to the handle i, passing mrough a slot in tne base and being
fotatod, fastens the burner in its closed position.

Ctotm.— First, a hinged collar af, adapted for application between the lamp top t and neck
«, opening to a limited extent to afford divect access to the reservoir below the burner, and
held in its open position by the weight of the chimney, all as herein shown and explained.

Second, the combination of the fastening e and handle i, all arranged < and operating as
specified.

No. 39,254.— Thomas Hardiko, of Sprin^eld, Ohio, assimor to Thompson D. Hart,
of Philadelphia, Pa. — improvement in Explonve Shells for OraiiaNce.— Patent dated July 14,
186,<. — ^This shell is made in sections wh!ch are retoined together by means of heads whose

Sooves enclose flanges upon the segmental portions which till the middle zones of tiie ball ;
e heads are connected by a screw stem and neck which enclose a powder chamber with a
p.-iming aperture.

Cteim.— The combination of the grooved heads A and B, tail'piece C, stem D, chamber %
and flanged segment F, when the whble are constructed and arranged as herein described,
for the purpose set forth.

No. 30.255.— Lucius D. Hawkins, of San Francisco, Cal., assignor to Alfred Pea*
BODY, or Salem, ^ass.—Improtement in Rice-CUaners.^PaXQni dated July 14, 1863.— The
inner cylinder is covered witn sheet pelts and runs in close proximity to the alternating stone
segments and wire screens which form the casing; these are adjustable toward the rotating
cylinder, and the cloth screens are arranged in two parts so as to slip on each other as the
diameter of the cylindrical casing is lessened by adjustment.

Claim, — The construction of tne wire cloth covered frames E in two or more parts, and
made adjusteble substantially as set forth, for the purpose specified.

No. 39,256.- Leander W. Lanodov, of Northampton, Mass., asmgoor to Himself and
Daniel G. Littleficld, of same place— /mproocfiMiit in 8ewng Machine. — Patent
dated July 14, 1863.— These improvemente are in the feeding apparatus, and consist of a
reversing lever by which the motion of the feed plate is changed so as to sew back on the
tiack it came, for the purpose of securing an end or doubling the strength of the seam;
secondly, of a catch lever which may be brought into action when desiiM, and bv which
the motion of the feeder is arrested at each alternate stiteh, so as to cause the neeole to be
ianerted twice in the same place for the purpose of duplicating the interlocking of the threads ;
and thirdly, in imparting the vertical enea^ng and disengaging motion to the feeder from
the hook which co-operates with the shutue.

C/aim.— First, combining with the mechanism which gives the feeding motion to the
feeder I a reversing lever i, or ito equivalent, by means of which the direction of the feeding
motion of the feeder may be reverscKl, or the leng^ of the stitches a<iyasted, subetantially as
described. , '

Second, combining with the mechanism which gives the feedfaig motion to the feeder the
cateh lever <, or its equivalent, operating substantially as descri wd, by which the feeding
motion is arrested at each alternate operation of the needle.

Third, imparting the vertical or engaging and disengaging motion to the feeder by means
of the hook T, suMtantially as described.

No. 39,257.— John L. Constable, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in JMlning Ore$l-^
Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The object of this improvement is to de«8ulphurize ore con*
taiuing auriferous matter by subjecting the finely comminuted pyrites to the action of a
biodt of steain, at a sufficient temperatui-e to volatilise the sulphur, say about 800^ Fahr. A
steam pipe from a boiior is conducted through n furnace, where it is super«boated, and issuing,
impinges on a finely comminuted shower of ore which falls out of a hopper across the path
oV the steam. A wheel, rotating partially in water and covered with wire gauze, is placed
before the steam blast so as to catch the lighter particles that might be blown up the chimney.

('(aim.— Refining ores by the use of super-hected steam in a furnace, substantially in the
manner described.

Also, the gauze covered wheel, revolving partially hi water, in the manner and for the pnr^
pose specified.

No. 39,258.— Levi Dedrrick, of Albany, N. Y.-^Improvement in Hny Pivsms.— Patent
dated July 14* 1863. — The ends of the follower project through the sides of the press, and
are thern suspeudod by hangers to the upper ends of toggle levers, whose fulcrum links are
stepped into the t'rume of tl^ machine. The two levers are simultaneously approached by
means of ropes which elevate tlie follower in tbd pieiss.

C^ftifi. — The arrangoiuent and combination of the follower, with its beams projecting
through the sides of the press, and the te^<^lo levers located and operating at the side^ of the
pr»M, sa'^^tantially a^i and for the purposes herein specified*



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544 AKKUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 39,950.— BmDSlLL Hollt, of Lockport, Niagan coaohr, N. Y.-^-impravmeid Is
Pamff. — Potent dated J1U7 14, 1863. — ^These improTements are deaig^ned to enable the lower
TaWe and seat to be removed wben reqoired, to afford a permanent seat for the morable
valve when it is in position, and to provide a means for tripping both valves to emptj the
pomp in freesing weather.

The lower valve attachment consists of a heavy annular piece, to which the valve is



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