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hinsed, and which sets aroand an upward projecting flange which forms the seat; the shape
of ttM valve being snch as to be raised hy the lower side of the piston when that is down,
while a rod proje^ing down from the upper valves impinges upon the lower one and opens
the former.

C/aisi.—- First, the v^ve ring or support B, provided with the ribs s «, or equivalent, and
with one side /made lighter than the oth^, for the purpose of retaining said support in place
in the cjlinder, substantiallj as herein set forth.

Second, in combination with the support B and its valve C, the thin nUsed valve seat ^
arranged substantially as described.

Third, the inclined, inductive valve C, so formed that when tipped for the admission of
the water, its upper surface will assume a horizontal position, or approximately so, substan-
tially as herein set forth.

Fourth, in combination with the induction valve C, the eduction valve £, provided with
a stem r, and the piston D, arranged and operating substantially as specified.

Fifth, the arrangement and combination of the piston D, composed principally of the
parts t A:, the valve £, the piston rod G, and nut P, substantially as and for the purpose
oerein set forth.

No. 39,260.— Jabcbs McNamee, of Easton, Kortiiampton county, Va.—improvemewi i*
Hold-haeks for ITofons.— Patent dated July 14, 1863.— This is an improvement in breast-
chains, which pass from the collar to the neek yoke ; or in tongue-chains, whidi pass from
the breast strap or collar to the end of the tongue, as the case may be.

It consists in the interposition of a spring, working in a guide clevis, the ends of the chain
being attached to the follower and the clevis respectively, so as to ease the necks of the
horses from the sudden jerks resulting from the motions of the tongue.

Ciaim. — ^The combination of the rod C, spring D, cross-bars « /, U-shaped link B, chain
A, and ring /, when the said pculs are construetra and arranged as herein specified, and the
wholo employed as describeo, to arrest sudden lateral motions of the forward end of the
tongue.

No. 39,261.— George H. Strono. of Buffalo, N. Y.^Imwravement in Mmrking Brands,—
Patent dated Julv 14, 1863. — ^The invention consists in toe arrangement of t& parts, the
tvpe being slipped into the lower piece, and that asain secured by dovetail projections on
the stock, while the handle is screwed down through the stock, making it secure.

Clmim, — Making the brand in two pieces, when one of the pieces is provide with flanges
or projections, between which the other piece may be slid and Uien held fost by screwing m
the handle, as herein substantially set forth and described.

No. 39,262.— Henrt R Tbomas, of Cascade, Dubuque county, lowfi.^tmpro9ejment ta
Ormin Stfnrmtor*. — Patent dated July 14, 1863.— The separator consists of an inner chamber
with four perforated sides, a secondaiy one partially enctoeing the former, and a third outer
one with wire g^ise for a cheat and cockle screen. The shafl of the machine is inclined,
and the grain fed in at a hole around the axis; the wheat and larger g^in passing to the end
of the machine, where they are discharged into separate receptacles, while the screenings
fall upon the floor.

Clmim, — Two or more concentric cubical vessels or boxes, the inner one perforate, and the
outer covered with wire-gause, or its e<^uivalent, for separating different grains, substantially
in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,263.— Frakklih Cole, of Livingston county, N. T., assignor to Wiluam P.
Hbndershot, of Groveland, N. Y,^impro9ement in Dog Power.— Parent dated July l4,
1863. — Upon a central shaft are radial arms, the shaft inclined so as to bring the plntform
thereon to an angle of 9(P with the horizontal. Underneath the platform are a series of
ways or curvilinear cams, which undulations form a bearing surface for two friction wheels
on a vibrating lever; the passage of the cams over the friction wheels gives the lever a rock-
ing movement, which may be utilized in any suitable way.

C^oMi.— The combination of an inclined revolving platform A with an oscillating lever 0,
by means of a retnilar series of projections M If upon said platform, and one or more
friction wheels N N', upon said lever O, or their equivalents, substantially id the manner and
for the purpose herein set forth. ^

Also, the peculiar arrangement of the friction wheels N N', in combination with an oscillat-
ing lever O and a regular series of projections M M upon an inclined revolving platform A,
•ubstantialty in the manner and for the purpose bermn set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. * 645

No. 39,264.— Cyrus B. GARLiKanousE and John Dickasok, of Allensvillp, Switzer-
land county, Ind. — Improvement is Hmy-Loaders. — Patent dated Julj 14, 1863. — ^The machine
is mounted upon wheels, and the carrier supported behind upon Tibratin? arms jonmalied in
line with the axis of the lower stretcher, and supported at the forward end by a segment radc
and pinion.

The rakes tnul behind from a head in the standards, and the hay is gathered from them as
it accumulates by reciprocating clearing rakes, and placed within range of the endless apron
and rake, which elevato it as required.

Claim, — First, the floating hay-carrier I J, constructed, supported, and operating in the
manner and for the purposes specified.

Second, connecting the floating or self-adjusting carrier of a hay-loading machine with
the main frame, by means of vibrating arms N N' joumalled in line with the axes of the
lower stretcher and the ground wheels, by which the lower end of the carrier is permitted to
adapt itself to inequalities of the ground without affecting its connexions with the driver,
substantially as specified. ^

Third, a combination with the self-adjusting or floating hay-carrier of fingers F, variable
in their pressure upon the epround, substantially as described.

Fourth, in the describea combination with carrier I J and fingers F, or their equivalents,
the proviflion of reciprocating rakes W W^ adapted and operating substantially as set forth.

No. 39,265.— Christoph Sussecm^er, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Himself and
MORRITZ Pinner, of same place. — Improved Transparent and Flexible Material designed as
« Partial Substitute for Glass. — ^Patent dated July 14, 1863. — ^This consists of -a wire webbing
covered with a transparent material formed of isinglass, gum-arabic, oxalic acid, and alcohol.
After diying^it is varished.

C^im.— The manufiEhcture and use of a transparent or translucent flexible fabric or material
composed of wire webbmg, or its equivalent, and a transparent coating or coatings, all sub-
■tantially as lierein set forth and described.

No. 39,266.— David Alcorn, of New York, N. Y, - Improvement in Dry Gas Meters,—
Patent dated July 21, 1863. — Instead of the usual circular form of the perts of the valve
seats, the inventor makes them of a curved form, thereby, without increasing the area of the
seat, diminishing the area of the rubbing surfaces, which surround the same. He also casts
the seat and its hollow elongation in one solid piece, thereby facilitating the appliance of the
obliquely placed channel F, affording an easier passage-way for the gas from the lower pait
of the inlet tube to the lower part of the Central port of the valve, producing at the same
time an angular reservoir with an outlet e\ from which the accumulating deposits from the
gas may be removed.

Claim. — First, making the port openings of the valve seat C substantially in the enlarged
and curved form set forth and described^ for the purposes specified.

^ Second, casting or constructing the valve seat C and its hollow projection or elongation
e6 together in one solid piece, substantially as described and set forth, for the purposes
speci&d.

Third, arranging the channel F in an oblique position in relation to the valve and to the
inlet tube £, as described and set forth, for the purposes specified. »

No. 39,267. — Francis Alger, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Removable Chamber for
Explosive &kells, — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^The inventor attaches a water-proof pouch or
tube, containing the bursting charge, to the fuze, so that the whole may be removed from
the projectile or replaced therein at any time.

Ctaim.— The use of a tube or pouch, of India-rubber cloth or of other flexible material,
containing gunpowder and attached to a fuze, so as to form, together with the fuze, one ap-
paratus, which may be inserted into or removed from a projectile at a single operation.

No. 39,268. — Edmund Greenlee, of Summerhill, Crawford county. Pa. — Improvement
in MarMnery for Dressing Heading for Cooper Ware. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — The
beading stave is placed b^ween the clamp and the face plate, which carries the jointan,
and is there fastened by a dog. The heading is gradually fed up to the face plate, taken out,
and reversed, and fed up again till the desired thickness is attained. The edges are jointed
by exposing them also to the revolving cutters on the face plate.

C^»m.— %he device for clamping and holdine the heading while being dressed, when used
in connexion with the face plate or wheel, as above specified.

No. 39,269.— Nathan Ames, of Saugus Centre, ^eas.'—bnprovement in Railroad
Swiickes, — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — A depressible shaft connected with a spiral spring
passes through the front centre of the platform of a car; at its lower end is attached a
movable wheel, the periphery of which is bevelled ; between the tracks at a turn-out is
placed a director, one side and end of which ice alsobeveUed to correspond with the wheel,
The conductor or engineer digresses the shaft, and the wheel thereof bearing against the
director, carries the car in the direction of the torn out.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 36

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546 • . ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Claim. — ^Ftrst, the director E, eonstnicted snbetantMdly as set forth ftnd for the pmpoee
described.

' Second, the berelled friction roller 6, or its equivalent, in combination with the qpcini^ I
and bevelled director £, substantially as set forth and for the purpose described.

No. 39,270. — George R. Bacon, of Providence, Rhode Island.— /Ti^rovemoi/ tii Breech-
iomding Firearms. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on the Bumside
fire-arm, and consists in a compound curved groove in the side of the cartridge blodk, into
whfch .the point of a stationary pin projects, and in which it traverses by the motion of the
cartridge block, thus steadying the said block, which had heretofore been attached by a link
and necessitated two motions, viz : one of the block and link together, on the pin which *
connects the link with the frame, and a movement of the block alone, on the pin which
connects it with the link.

Claim. — The combination with the cartridge-block D, and its link connexion E, of tho
compound groove c dor c d d\ in the said block, and the stationary pin e in the frame,
substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,271.— John S. Brooks, of Rochester, N. Y.-^Improvememt tsi Fikert and
Coolen. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a cylindrical chamber
with a second outer cylinder, the space between filled with non-conducting material. Part
way down the inner cylinder is a floor dividing the inner space into two chambers which
are connected by a pipe projecting upwards firom the floor between and running up nearly
to the top of the upper cnamber. The water is pressed into the annular filtering diamber,
and passes through holes into the lower purts of the water chamber, which, wImu it is filled,
runs over the top of the pipe spoken of, and fills the upper chamber where the ice is kepC
Water may be drawn from either chamber by a faucet.

Claim. — ^A combined filter and cooler, having two separate reservoirs for the filterad
water, substantially as shown and for the purposes specified.

Also, in combination with the two reservoirs, the pipe D, serving as a supply to the up-
per reservoir, and as a passage for air to and from the lower reservoir, as ana for the pur-
poses shown and specined.

No. 39,272.— A. H. Clark, of Fond du Lac, WIb.— Improved Shingle iradbtne.— Patent
dated July 21, 1863. — ^This machine consists olf a revolving face plate with a number of
shingle blocks properly dogged upon its surface and alternately exposed to a circular saw
and a rotary planer, by which they are shaped and severed from the block. One feature of
the invention consists of the peculiar construction of the dog ; another, of the method of
operating it, by such a change in its plane as will adapt it to receive the required form, and
another teatnre, of the adaptation of the planing appliances to the bed.

Claim. — First, the dog G, attached to or formed with the slide bar F, In combinatioii
with the spring H, screw e, and frame D, all being arrangped and applied to the rotating
plate B, to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, operating the dog G, through the medium of the stationary curved bar N, pendeat
pin e, of frame D, and the spring O, all arranged substantlallv as heroin described.

Third, the rotary planers Q, when used in combination with the bed L, for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 39,273. — ^JOHN Clark, of Sharon, Mercer county, Pa, — Improved Washing Btm-
chine. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — Suspended from standards on the sides of a box is a
pendulous rubber or sweep, with a curved face armed with pressure blocks, and vibrating
against the clothes, which are supported upon an endless apron, traversing upon three
rollers, and having transverse slats attached to it.

Claim. — ^The sweep, the face of which is composed of a number of yielding blocks so ar-
ranged a^ to adjust themselves to every part of the clothes to be washed ; and also the
double c^rQn and slats as hereinbefore described.

No. 39,274.-r>ToHN Conolly, of Boston, Mass.— Improved Ca»Jfc5.— Patent dated July 91,
1863. — ^The improvement refers to the construction of the heads of casks, and consists of a
dish-shaped head, the rim or flang^, which forms the chine, being curved over 6u the out-
side, and being provided inside with a screw thread which is firmly screwed on to the ^d
of the cask.

Claim. — A metallic head for casks, barrels, kegs, &c., formed with an elevated rim or
cap a, and a flange d^ provided with a screw «, on its inner surface, and all constructed and
arranged as shown, so as to be capable of beihg applied in the manner substantially as set
forth.



No. 39,275.— George Cook, of New Haven, Conn. — Machine for Compressing Carriage
fF%e«Z5.— Patent dated July 21, 1863.^This machine is intended to clamp the felloes firouy
-.^ 1_.. .X. u^^ ^.^A :>*- ^f » ^ r — ._t .. ,_j.^j^ diameter than the ¥ ' "

fcrews (one for each spok
press them on to the spok

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and evenly to the ^okes, and consists of a ring of metal of larger diameter than the wheel,
with interior bracKCts to sustain the spokes and rim, and screws (one for each spoke) set
radially through the ring, and bearing upon the felk>es to eempress them on to the spokes.



COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS. 547

Claim, — ^The arrangement described, of the ring F, screws H, and bracket I, wben ^he
same are combined in the manner and for thn purpose as herein substantially set forth.

No. 39,276.— TULLY R. CoRMiCK, of Cap-Au-Gris, Lmcoln coontj, Mo.-^lmproved Cut-
twator. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — This caltivator consists of a frame on wheels to
which four cultivator standards or shanks are attached ; the two inner ones being provided
with handles and attached bj eyelet and staple to the axle, the outer and rear working sliovels
beine bolted to the hind part of the frame, and all being provided with draught chains from
the trame of the machine by which they are drawn ana reffulated as to depth.

Claim,— ^FiTst, the combination of the plough shanks and oandies G G, draught chains L L,
universal joints M, connecting rod H, and adjusting nuts A, constructed, arranged, and
operating' substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination of the elevating levers 1 1, draught chains J J, and hinged plough-
shanks F F, constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as and for the puiposes
specified.

No. 39,277.— D. Citmming, Jr., of New York, N. Y,— Improved Looking-Glass and AfatcA-
fio/iief.— Patent dut^d July 21, 1863. — ^Below the looking-glass are a pair of match pockets,
and on each side of the glass a friction surfiEice for the purpose of igniting the matches.

Claim. — A new article of manufacture, consisting ot the combination of a looking-glass
with a match-holder and friction surface, construct^ substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,278.— Edward N. Dickerson, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Valve Gear
for Steam Engines.— F&tent dated July 21, 1863.— The vibration of the rock shaft of the
huger engine is accomplished by an auxiliary engine connected tnereto.

Claim. — ^The combination of an auxiliary steam cylinder and piston with the vibrating
rock shafl of a large steam eneine, so arranged that the piston of the auxiliary engine' will,
at the pleasure of the engine driver, vibrate the rock shaft of the large engine, and thus
open and close the main valves which it works, substantially as described.

No. 39,279.— William M. Doty, of New York, N. Y,^Improved Washing Machine,'-
Patent dated Julv 21, 1863.— This consists of a triangular derrick or frame, one end of
which sets upon the floor, and the other with a face-board into the wash-tub. A pendulous
frame, armea with beaters, is oscillated by a lever, so as to press the clothes between the
beater and the said face-board.

Claim, — ^The derrick A, with the board A, in combination with the oscillating pressor B
and adjustable hand lever C, constructed and operating in the manner and for Uie purpose
substantially as shown and described.

Also, the arrangement of the a^ustable hand lever C with friction rollers gt in combina-
tion with the oscillating pressor B and slots A, constructed and operating as and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 39»280.— Henry H. Elwell, of South Norwalk, Fairfield county, Coim.'-Impsrove'
ment in Locks. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — This improvement is designed to adapt the
lock for a right or a left hand door, and c-onsists in connocting the inner end of the latch- -
bolt to the lever, which is actuated by the hub on the knob spindle by a pin, on which the
inner end of the latch-bolt is loosely fitted, and using in connexion with the latch*boU a ,
sliding or adjustable bearing, so that the latch-bolt may be detached from its actuating lever
by moving the bearing, be removed from the lock case, be reversed, and again inserted in.
the oUier position.

Claim. — The connecting of the inner end of the latch-bolt to the lever £ by means of
pin/, in combination with the sliding or adjustable bearing F, arranged as shown,, or in an <
equivalent way, to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,281. — Charles A. Fairfield, of Springfield, Mass — Imvrovement in Calipers.—
Patent dated July 21, 186:^ — The Jaws of the calipers are advanced and receded by a rieht.
and left band screw, which works m two nuts on the short ends of the twojaws respectively.
Those nuts are made open and jammed close, so as to clamp the acyostiug screw by a taper
set screw, which expands their rear ends so as to close their jaws.

Claim. — ^The combination of the half nuts 1 1 with the taper screw 3,. when constructed,
operating, and applied substantially in the manuer and for the purpose herein fully set forth.

No. 39,282.— George P. Ganster, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Chain Slwt,—
Patent dated July 21, 1863. — The shot is made hollow, with a square plug on the bas<; to
hold a sabot, and a hollow interior ; two sub-balls occupy orifices in the sides, and are attach<>d
by chuns coiled up in the central chamber, so that by the revolution of the rifled shot the
sub-balls may fly out, but remain attached to the projectile.

Clmm, — First, the shell cast with a cavity in the centre, apertures in the sides, and a
square pivot on the but end of the shot, substantially as described and for the purposes set
forth.



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648 ANNUAL BEPORT OP THE

Second,' tlie oombination of ^e chain and sab-balls, constmcted and arran^;ed as abo^
described.

No. 39,283.— Zebulon O. Garlick, ofOtseeo, N. Y. —Improvement in Floorifar SuUt,—
Patent dated Jolj 21, 1863. — ^Tbe grated portion of the npper floor is made to rise and Md
back on hixiffes, to allow the removal of manure which maj have fallen between the slate.

Claim, — Providing animal stalls with a secondary floor, formed in part of a movabto
ffrate, which is constructed of longitudinal bars secured together at each end, with interstioes
between them, and attached to the other part of the floor by hinges, so as to operate in the
manner and for the purposes specified.

No. 30,284.-— Ransom Gaylord, of Seymour, Coxm.— Improvement in Hollow Augen.—
Patent issued Julpr 21, 1863; antedated April 26, 1863.— The object of the improvement is
to make a tool adjustable for boring holes of different sizes, and it consists of a rotaiy disk
with eccentric slots acting upon pins inserted into the backs of sliding cutter-heads, so that
they are driven out or drawn in simultaneously and fastened by a jam nut, which holds
them in the position to which they are adjusted.

Claim. — As an improved article of manufacture, a hollow auger, composed of a hoUow
shank A, grooved guide plate B, cutter-heads C, with dovetailed plates a, pins b, ecoentiic
slotted disk D, and nut E, as herein shown and described.

No. 39,285.— Joseph Gosker and A. Degbnhart, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— Trnprovemat
in Pack- Saddles, — ^Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the form of the
bows, which, supported by the pads, project beyond the sides of the animal ; also, in the
arrangement of tne breast strap and stay, the breeching, back, and butt strap with the
angle piece, as may be best understood from the illustration.

Claim. — First, supporting the packs or burdens of a pack-saddle off from the sides of the
animal by means oi the bows a a, constructed and arranged substantially in the manner
herein specific and shown.

Second, in combination with the pack-saddle A, the arrangement of the breeching stiap
k^ diagonal scraps / /, and auxiliary strap m, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Third, the arrangement of the breast strap g and the straps or stays A A, m combinatioD
with the pack-sadcDe A, substantially as shown and described.

No. 39,286.— JoHM P. Greeley and Levi W. Buxton, of Nashua, N. H.— Improvement in
Mowing Machines. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^The object of this improvement is to obtain
a more complete control of the cutter as to. its vertical a<]yustment when in motion. The
cutter-bar is attached by a vibrating frame to the axle, and the vertical movement of the
forward end of the frame is accompQphed by a wheel, chain, and pulley, which are actuated
by a lever at the seat of the driver.

Claim. — ^The said improved mowing machine, so constructed as not only to have its axis
A and its cutter-bar F connected by means of a vibratory frame D, arranged with respect to
and applied to them, and serving to support the cutter-operating mechanism, subatantially
as described, but also to have combinea with the cutter-bar, frame, and axle a lever H, a
chain I, a pulley g^ and a windlass or wheel t, and mechanism for operating or rotating such
' wheel and retaining it in position, the whole being substantially as hereinbefore speciSed.

No. 39,287.— WlLUAM C. Grimes, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Machines for
Making Nails for Horseshoes. — Patent dated July 21, 1863.— The nails are formed by
means of the combined action of a pair of rolls, an anvil, and a die, or hammer, operDting
alternately upon the material of which the nail is formed. The action of the rolls is to
elongate that part of the rod on which they operate, and impart the desired form and thick-
ness. The action of the hammer is t^o reduce the lateral spreading of the material nuder tha

■ action of the rolls, and to give the proper form and width to the nail. The alternate action



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 93 of 164)