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of iSyustingthe water supply and admitting the steam to the interior ofthe hollow piston.

C^im.— -First, the use of the compressible stationary packing between the steam and
water chamber, when arranged substantially in the manner and lor the puipose set forth.

Second, tlie use of the adjusting nut when^so constructed as to permit the steam, which
operates the injector, to pass through it.

Third, the employment of compressible metallic packing below the steam chamber, in
combination witn packing of elastic material above tne steam chamber, with the perforated
nut intervening, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

No. 39,314.— Richard \toSE, of New York, N. T.— /mvnwement in Railroad Car Springs.
— Patent dated July 21, 1863.— The bearing plate under the car rests upon overarching
bearers which are hooked upon the upper enos of C-shaped springs, the lower ends of which
are fastened to the truck. Directly underneath the pedestal or bearing plate there is an
auxiliary spring of rubber.

C/atm.— Securing one end of a curved spring, composed of one or more C-shaped plates
to a bed plate, whilst the opposite end of tne same is received into a pocket in a curved,
overarching bearer E or lever G, which is connected with a bearing block F, or an arm K,
substantially in the manner herein set forth.

When a C-shaped metallic-spring, composed of one or more plates, is arranged and com-
bined with aj)earing block F, or arm K, and a curved, overarching bearer, or lever, as de-
scribed.

Also, combining an auxiliary spring therewith, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,315.— Warren Wadleioh, of Sanbomton Bridge, Belknap county, N. H.— Jlfa-
chine/or Polishing Turned Articles, — Patent dat€«d July 21, 1863.— The invention consists
of an endless belt charged with emery, which operates upon the turned articles or stuff, in
connexion with feed rollers and guides.

C^tm.— The endless polishing belt £, in connexion with the rollers N N O', arranged
to operate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Also, the guides Q Q Q'» in combination with the polishing belt E and rollers N O N O',
for the purpose specified.

No. 39,316.*-JANE Brooke, of Jersey City, N. J., administratrix of William Brooke,
deceased, of New York^ N. Y. — Improvement in Moulds for Casting Tires. — ^Patent dated
July 21, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to form a metal core tor costing tire so that it
may contract as the metal cools, and also that it may contract in the act of lilting to draw it
from the casting, also to form the gates so that the metal l^ft in them shall not mterfere with
the contraction of the casting, nor cut into the cor», nor hinder the withdrawal of the cope.
Around the central metallic core, which is fonned of segments and mterposed wedges, are



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554 Al^UAL REPORT OP THE

latitudinal ^ooves of a shape to form the inside circle of the tiie ; a central axis p ofl S M
by directly Uirough the core and has attached to it two cross-heads connected with the wedfes
links acting like toggles to force the wedges in or oat as the shaft is raised or lowered ; tiie
outward movement of the wedges forces apart the segment and expands the core, and, con-
Tersely, its upward motion contracts the core, or altogether withdraws it. The side of the
core forming a part of the pouring eate allows of the even contrac#'on of the tire, and the
overflow opening being lower than Uie mouth of the air-gate, prevents the metal from catting
in the core. *

Claim, — First, fitting a mould for casting tires, rings, or bands of steel or iron, or otiier
metal, with a metal core, which is se constructed as to be capable of contracting, automati-
cally, as required, to permit the natural contiaction of the casting in cooling, substantially
as herein specified.

Second, so constructing the metallic core that it mav be loosened in the casting by the
force applied to lift and withdraw it from the casting, substantiallv as herein described.

Third, the arrangement of the pouring gates and air gates of the mould between the core
and the body of the mould, so that one si& of each gate is formed by the surface of the core,
gubstantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Fourth, providing an overflow from the pouring gates at a level lower than the mouths of
the air gates, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,317.— James Dodge, of Waterford, Saratoga county, N. T., assignor to DODGS
&. Blake, of Cohoes, N. Y. — Improvement in MaefUnesJor Grinding and Polishing Cutlery. —
Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^Tne articles to be ground are placed in clamps and so applied
to the grinding wheel with a yielding material underneath as to imbed any irregularities of
surface on the back of the article in the elastic bed.

Other adaptations are expressed in the claim. .

Claim. — ^Tho employment, in grinding or polishing machinery of whatsoever construction,
and in combination with the bed-plate thereof, whether the same be stationary, revolving, or
Tibratorv, of an elastic or yielding substance, so applied between the matrix, bed, or sup-
port, and the articles to be ground or polished, that when the latter are brought in contact
with the stone or polishing wheel, they shall be pressed ageunst it with a yielding pressure,
substantially in the manner hereinbefore deseribea.

Also, the combination with the matrix bed, or other equivalent device, for supporting the
articles to be ground or polished, of a damp to hold the said articles in place, as descnbed,
such clamp being actuated so as to expose tha whole surface of the articles to the action of
the grindstone or polishing wheel, substantially in the manner hereinbefore set forth.

JUso, in combination with the cliunp, operating substantially as hereinbefore described,
the employment of a grooved gpindstone or polishing wheel, or of two grindstones or pol-
ishing wheels, having an intermediate space, to allow that position of the clamp which projecta
from above the surface of the article to be ground or polished to sink below the surface of
the grindstone or polishing wheels substantially as herein described.

No. 39,318.— WiLLARD C. Ellis and John N. White, of Springfield, Mass., as?
signers to Henry Reynolds, of same place. — Improvement in Revolving Fire-arm. — Patent
dated July 21, 1863. — ^The rear of the chambers is partially closed by an annular flange*
and a cartridge, having a semi-spherical depression in its base, inserted so that the hammer
strikes through the said opening upon the interior of the cartridge.

Claim. —The construction of the openings 6 6 in the chambers of the cylinder, and arrange-
ment of the hammer in combination with such openings, substantially as herein set forth,
whereby the hammer is enabled to strike upon the interiors of the flanges of cartridges, of
such clmracter as herein specified. ^

No. 39,319.— Enos T. Hioham, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself and D. HiG-
HAM, of same place. — Improved Window Shade Hangings. — Patent dated July 21, 1863. —
The upper roller is suspended by cords which pass over two pulleys respectively, and after
passing down and over a pulley, are returned upward to a cord depending from said roller,
so that the shade which is secured to the roller may be made to cover the lower portion of
the window, and leave the other exposed, or may serve the purpose of an ordinary shade.

Claim. — The roller B, hung to a cord E, passing over a pulley F, and to a cord G, pass-
ing over a pulley F', the cord H, united to the said cords E and G, and connected to an eye
K, or its equivalent, and the endless cord L passing through the said eye K and round a
pulley M on the roller B, the whole being arranged tor joint action, as and for the purpose
oerein set forth.

No. 39,320. — John J. Marct, of Meriden, Conn., assignor to Edward Miller, of same

Elace. — Improvement in Lamp Burners — Patent dated July 21, 1863. — The chimney plate is
inged to the sheU of the burner, and its vibration is limited by means of a rod, which, ox-
tending down through, has a bent end, which, impinging on the shell, limits the turning of
the chimney.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 555

Claim, — ^The combination with the hinge C of iifae ripd curved rod F, fixed to the cone B,
pTojectine downward tbrouj^n the shell A, between the hinge and the wick-tube, and pro-
vided with a bent end b, which, coming in contact with the under side of the said shell, op-
erates bj a tensional strain upon the rod F to limit the turning of the chlmnej, all as herein
described.

No. 39,321.— Henry Messer, of Boxbury, Mass., assignor to IDmself and Cecil J.
DUNSCOMB, of Boston, Mfuss. — Improvement in Hot-Air En^wes.— Patent dated July 21,
1863. — ^The improvement consists in tho arrangement by which the top or packed portion of
the piston is kopt cool by the constant pressure of fresh compressed air, and by which the
heat which tends to radiate from the top of the piston is utilized; and, secondly, in making
the pipes through which the valve stems pass at least as large as the valves, so that they
may l^ withdrawn without disconnecting the valve from its stem.

Claim, — The combination nf a pump or pumps with a chamber in the piston of a hot-air
engine, and with an outlet p.pe from said chamber directly into the hot-air reservoir, when
so arranged as to pass all of the compressed cool air into and through said chamber, for the
specified purppse.

Also, constructing the pines which connect the valve chambers with the exterior of the
engine, and which incase toe valve stems and prevent leakage into the valve chambers, of a
diameter equal to or in excess of that of the valves, for the specified purpose.

No. 39,322. — Thomas A. Nelson, of Birmingham, New Haven county, Conn., assignor
to Himself and Shelton and Osborn Manufacturing Company, of same place.— /m-
provement in Clasps for Corsets. — ^Patent dated July 21, 1863. — A strip is attacbed to each
edge of the corset, and they are fastened by a headed pin on one strip which passes through
a perforated plate attached to the other, and then into a slot which retains the shank while
preventing the passage of the head.

Claim, — ^The employment, in combination with two strips or edges, which can be sprung,
as described, of perforated plates e d e^ attached to either of said strips and studs 12 3,
operating in conjunction with said perforated plates, substantially as and for the purposes
described.

No. 39,323.— Oliver Newton, of Watertown, N. Y., assignor to William Nash, of same
place. — Immoved 5aM?- See.— Patent dated July 21, 1863.— The saw-set is composed of a sta-
tionaiy ana a hinged jaw, the latter moved by a lever which brings the anvil faces together,
the degree of sefbeing determined bv the set-screw which limits the depression of the lever
and the set-screw upon which rests the blade of the saw.

Claim, — A saw-set composed of a frame A, having a straight portion a, an oblique portion
by a handle B at one end, and two projections e e', and also composed of a handle C, lever D,
gaugd I, spring g^ set-screws E F, and dies G H, all arranged substantially as set forth.

No. 39,324 —Stuart Perry, of Newport, Herkimer county, N. Y., assignor to C. H. A.
Carter, of New York, N. Y .—Improvement in Horse Potrer*.— Patent dated July 21, 1863.—
The power of the team is communicated through an endless chain that moves around with
the sweeps to a shafl and drive wheel, against whoso surface it is bound by being deflected
between rollers and over a spring pulley which takes up tho slack of tho cbiain.

The details are recited in the claim.

Claim. — First, the pow«T-trau8mitting wheel H, having a changing or moving surface for
the chain to work upon, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Also, making the forks/ of a socket form for fitting on to and holding the spokes of the
Bprocket wheel, substantially as described.

Also, the chain or sprocket wheel, composed of the central flanged hubs, the notched
spokes, and the sockets, for the purpose of readily taking down the horse power for trans-
portation or for storage, and quickly setting it up again, substantially as described.

Also, in combination with the sprocket wheel and the chain pulley a case-hardened or
cemented chain, for the purpose of preventing nndue cutting or wearing of the chain sprocket
wheel and pulley, substantially as described.

Also, the arrangement of the spring pulley G and hinged arm g for taking up the slack
of the chain, substantially as described.

Also, the pulleys i i for preventing the twisting of tho chain, substantially as described.

Also, in combination with the main chain pufiey H, the guiding, directing, and hiding
pulleys Q Q, substantially as and for the pnrpose described.

No. 39,325.— Stuart Perry, of Newport, Herkimer county. N. Y., assignor to C. H. A.
Carter, of New York, N. Y.— -Improvement in Horse Poicer*.— Patent dated July 21, 1883.—
The endless chain from the sweeps is wound around two or more drums or wheels which
transmit the power to the object, and these drums run upon interposed friction wheels. Tbe
forks on the ends of the sweep which hold the chain are provided with friction rollers against
which the chain impinges.



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556 ANNUAL REPORT QF THE

Claim. — ^First, in combination with an endless chain horse-power, the encompassing or
encircling of two or more wheels, shafts, or drums by said chain for the purpose of commu-
nicating the power of the animal or animals, through the chain, to saia wheels, shafts, or
drums, substantially as described.

Also, tho arrangement by which one or more friction wheels, shafts, or drums are inter-
posed between two or more in^eels, shafts, or drums that are enwmpped or encircled by an
endless chain, or its equivalent, for the purpose of lessening tho friction of their axles, whether
the force of the endless chain is transmitted by the Action of contact, or by toothed wheels,
substantially as described.

Also, the fork with rollers inserted for the purpose of making a changing bearing for the
chain therein, substantially as described.

No. 39,326.— S. W. Putnam and John Q. Wright, of Fitchburg, Worcester county,
Mass., assignors to Putnam Machine Company, of same place. — Improvement in Lathes.—
Patent dated July 21, 1863. — This improvement consists ot swivel or union jointed nuts in
connexion with friction clutches which operate the gears attached to the side and cross fe^
to throw them in and out of action ; and in the employment of a hollow shaft to transmit the
power from the driving wheel to the wheel which operates the cross-feed. 4

Claim, — Operating the disk C, for throwing the side feed in or out of action, by mean^of
the swivel or ** union jointed" nut d^ in the manner substantially as set forth. «

Second, forcing the wheel M into or out of contact with the disk N for throwing the cress-
feed in or out of action, bv means of the hand wheel O, in the manner substantially as set forth.

Third, the hollow shaft a, for transmitting power from the driving wheel B to the wheel
M for operating the cross-feed, arranged and operating substantially as specified.

No. 39,327.— P. W. Reid, of Birmingham, Pa., assignor to James S. and Thomas B. At-
TERBURY and J. Rbddick, of Pittsburg, Pa. — Improved Preserve Jar, — Patent dated July
21, 1863. — The improvements are in the neck of the jar and the stopper The neck has a
narrowed throat and above it an enlargAment whose upper side is of a taper form ; tiiis is
combined with two openings through which the protuberances on tho conical stopper are in-
serted, which on being rotated are pressed down by impingement upon the bevelled sur&ce
mentioned. An annular depression in the conical surface of the stopper is filled with a rub-
ber ring which packs against the narrowed portion of the neck.

Claim, — ^First, the cylindro-conical stopper, in combination with a depressed handle g and
lugs % i, constructed in such a manner, with reference to the mouth of a jar, that I combine
with a screw pressure and fastening a wedge bearing, substantially as described.

Second, constructing a cylindro-conical stopper with an annular recess formed in its coni-
cal or bevelled sides, in combination with a rubber packing ring r, substantially as hesein
described.

Third, constructing the mouth of a jar with tapering grooves a a, spaCes h 6, reduced neek
B, and rounded or bevelled shoulder e, in combination with a cylindro-conical stopper and a
rubber packing rin^ r, applied to the bevelled edge thereof, so as to bear upon the rounded
shoulder e, and to form a tight joint, substantially as herein described.

Fourth, a cylindro-conical stopper with lugs t i and a depressed handle g^ conBtracted
substantially as and for the purposes herein described.

No. 39,328.— Thomas Robjohn, of New York, N. Y., assignor to E. C. Wooster of
same place.— //»pro«C7ii«iif in Apparatus for Making Ruffling. — Patent dated July 21, 1863.—
This ruffling is composed of a single strip of fabric luted to present ruffles on both edges with
the flutes plaited or folded along the centre of the strip ana secured by stitching. The ma-
chine consists of flutiuff rollers and a folding device, with a starching arrangement and a
thread delivery attached by the starch to the plaits to hold them until starch^, the fluting
rollers being heated by a jet of gas. ^

Cifltm.— First, the combination of the two pairs of intermittently rotating fluting rollers
D d and D' d', and a pressor E, applied and operating substantially as herem descnbed, in
combination with said rollers, for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the employment, in combination with the g^idf J, for conducting the strip of mus-
lin or other fabric to the fluting roller, of a starching roller K and a pressor roller L, applkd
and operating substantially as herein specified. •

Third, the emplovment of a thread-conductor m, applied substantially as herein specified,
in combination with the fluting rollers D d, D' d\ ana pressor £, for the pu)^ose herein set
forth.

Fourth, the combination of the gas burner W, chimney U, and extremities C* c*, of fluting
roller shafU C c, substantially as shown and described.

No. 39,329.— Isaac S. and Henry K. Russell, of New Market, Frederick county, Md.,

and John J. D. Bristol, ©f Detroit, Mich., assignors to the said Isaac S. and Hekrt E.

Russell. — Improvement in Raking Attachments to Harvesters. — Patent dated Ji^ly 21, 1863. —

, This automatic rake delivers the grain from the platform by a sweep transversely fkcrooB the



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C0MMIS8I0NEE OP PATENTS. 557

macliine and deposits the gavel behind the team. Its upward and backward motion is in a
cnire and its forward effective motion is nearly parallel with th»^ platform. This is effected
by attaching the rake handle to two levers, the upper one of which has a vibrating motion,
being pivoted to the frame on an oscillating disk, while the lower end of the other kver is at-
tached by a link to an eccentric rotated by gearingj from the ^ving wheel. The motion of
the rske-head is so arran^ that dunng its sweep it preserves an equal di-tance irom one of
the ribs of the reel, the spuality of the ribs of the reel being a matter of adjustmont.

Claim, — ^First, giving to the rake a motion nearly parallel with the platform in its delivery
passage over it, and also a motion in a curve, both upward and backwai-d, in its return stroke,
oy means of the cranks and arms G dl d2g2, eccentric n, pitman m, connecting rods gi, and
Wj idl of which are imslotted.

Second, the interposition of the thrusting eccentric n, or its equivalent, for giving to the
rake an oscillating motion for the purpose described.

Third, the articulated rake-head, or hinged teeth, so applied to the rake handle and to the
intermediate controlling bar &, or its equivalent, that the teeth will preserve a position nearly
or quit^ perpendicular to the platform.

Fourth, the combination with a rake which sweeps the platform of the flexible reel ribs
*^Bnpported at or near both ends by flexible radial arms, one set of which are affixed to the reel
shah, and the other seti^ixed to a circularly adjustable hub, substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Fifth, the serrated spirally ribbed reel in combination with a rake which sweeps the plat-
form, substantially as described.

Sixth, making me axis of the oscillating frame F a medimn through which motion is com-
mnnicated from the driving wheel shaft to the rake disk B, being the bearing for said frame,
aabstantially as described.

No. 39,330.— Henry F. Shaw, of West Koxbury, Ubsb.— -Improvement in Wood-Saw
Franu$. — ^Patent dated July 21, 1863. — The spreader or pressure bar, which stretches the
saw blade, is fitted at each end into sockets, and at one end has a nut and a screw, which,
by the revolution of the bar, is made to impinge upon a socket on the inner side of the
saw frame.

Claim. — First, combining with the three parts, A B and C, of a common wood-saw frame,
a revolving pressure bar D, provided with a nut i and screw A, or their equivalents, substan-
tially as d^hbed and for the object specified.

Second, the thimble £ provided with lateral flaxiffes /*/, tenon ^, and mortise Ac, to operate
in combination with the ends of the frame A and B, the bar D, and its appendage, substan-
tially as and for the purposes described.

No. 39,331.— Samuel R. Sylvester, of Washington, D. C. —Improved Soda- Water
Fountain, — ^Patent dated July 21, 1863. — ^This fountain is designed for bringing a solution
of super- carbonate of soda in violent contact with an acidulated sirup to produce an effer-
vescent drink, and it consists of a reservoir, pump, and discharging pipe. The spring
above the piston, at the top of the oump c^lmder, acts as an ordinary pump air-chamber to
give a continuous pressure on^the nuid as it is discharged, avoiding the intermittent effect
of the pump alone.

C/aim.— First, the direct discharge of the solution from a single reservoir by means of a
ipring-pump into the drinking glass.

Second, the pump arranged with a spring or air-chamber, or spring and air-chamber and
ralve, and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combmation of the single reservoir, pipes, spring, pump, and discharging pipe,
substantially as set forth.

No. 39,332. — Claude Arnouz, of Paris, France. — Improved Traction and Connecting
Apparatu$for Railroad Trains. — Patent dated July 28, 1863. — ^This invention consists in
appliances whereby the axles abd wheels of each car will readily accommodate themselves
to the most abrupt curves of the track. The draw through the medium of the hounds deflects
the fore axle, ana this being cormected cross- wise with the hind axle causes it also to assume
a position perpendicular to the curve that is bemg traversed by the car.

Claim —The draw-bar F, when arranged to turn the front and rear axles of the car through
the medium of the rods I and I^ sleeves J and J', lever G, rods K and K', and rods H and
H't or a system of rods and levers equivalent im the same, substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 39,3^.— Phtlo Barber, of Lostant, La Salle county, lH.^Improvement in Plant
Fenders.— Patent dated July 28^ 186J. — ^The object of this improvement is to provide a
fonder-guard, ngged from a shovel ploug:h-beam, and intended ti> keep clods from covering
the C4)m or other groifsing crop. It con^sists of a guard made of wire or longitudinal roos
and sLding transverse rcIdH, put together in such a manner as to form a sieve, and capable of
being extended or contracted.



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558 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Claim. — ^First, a fender-groard, consiBtiiig of longitudinal rods and sliding transrerse rods
pul together in such a manner as to form a sieve, the meshes of which are capable of being
extencfed or contracted, substantially as and for the purposes heroin described.

Second, in combination with a flexible fender constructed substantially as described, the
extension rod c, or its equivalent, substantially as described.

Third, a fender or plant shield constructed of longitudinal and transverse wire rods looped
together and twisted so as to constitute an open sieve-like fi^me, substantially as described,
whether the meshes of the fender are variable or invariable in size.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 95 of 164)