Copyright
United States. Patent Office.

Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. online

. (page 97 of 164)
Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 97 of 164)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


brought together in such a way as to take bearings,, end to ena, against each other, and held
in their normal relations to each other b^ the straps g ghh, the side pieces C C, the bar D,
and the pins P P, the ends of the said pieces A B being rounded so as to allow the knee to
be flexed to the full extent of the natural limb.

Second, a knee-stop formed by the cross-bars E E F F, or their equivalents, acting upon
the bar D, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, an ankle-joint formed by the pro|ections a a upon the tibia resting upon the cor-
respondiujg shoulders bb oi the foot piece I, in connexion with the straps c d and the cord u,
as herein sot forth and described.

Fourth, the cord L, or its equivalent, attached to the instep of the foot, passing up under
the patella and attaching at some point above the leg to the supportiug strap S, to operate
both the knee and ankle joiuts, substantially in the manner horem specified.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



COMMI88IONEB OP PATENTS. 563

No. 30,362.— George Sntdbr, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mproM^ Combination of the Strop
and Hone, — ^Patent dated July 28, 1863.— Tne hone is attached to a block and covered
hj a lid, on which is a case containing the strop.

Claim, — As a new article of manufacture, the block A, bone B, lid C, and strop e, with a
case D, the whole being constructed and arranged as and for the purpose described.

No. 39,363.— Alexander C. Twining, of New Haven, Conn,— Improved Means of Cluck-
ing and Resisting Missiles.— Fa,teni issued July 28, 1863; antedated April 11, 1863.— The
improvement consists in receiving the impact of the moving body upon a succession of
masses or plates which are free, except the terminal one, to receive the impact and receive
motion by which the moving body is Drought to by degrees, and in successive stages.

Claim, — First, the above construction or arrangement by successive plates or layers, with
the successive separating spaces or intervals between, and with lugs or angle irons or
projections when necessary, or any construction, substantially the same, all for the purpose
above described.

Second, the mode of constructing the successive plates or layers and spaces between by
bending forward and back a single plate (or plates placed side by side in layers) from outside
to insi&, or vice versa, substantially as and tor the purpose specified.

No. 39,364.— Edward Brown Wilson, of Westminster, Middlesex, England.— /m;»nn>«-
ment in the Manufacture of Malleable Iron and Stede.—FaUiui dated July 28, 1863.— The
object of this mvention is to prevent the destruction of the tuyeres or air pipes through which
the air i^ introduced into the mass of molten metal, and which arises from their location at
the bottom of the converting vessel in contact with the metal ; and the improvement consists
in placing the tuyeres above and out of contact with the metal, and blowing the air down and
through we metal.

Claim, — The peculiar eonstruction and arrangement of apparatus for manufacturing malle-
able iron and steel, as hereinbefore described and illustrated in the annexed drawmgs, so
that the tuyere or tuyeres may be out of contact with the molten metal and blow the air or
•gases down upon and through the metal in place of blowing up through or around the same,
as heretofore.

* No. 39,365.— Platt C. Ingersoll, of Green Point, Kings county, N. T., assignor to
Himself and H. F. Dougherty, of same place. — Improvement in Hay and Cotton Presses. —
Patent dated July 28, 1863. — The improvement consists in the meuod of connecting the
upper ends of the toggle levers to the follower, which is by link joints and friction rollers,
wnich impinge upon guide bars.*

Claim. — Connecting the levers D D to each end of the follower F by means of the two

, connecting rods and joints G G, and also controlling the movement of the said levers by
the frietion rollers H H and the outside rods B' B', as shown and for the purposes before
specified.

No. 39,366.— Joseph B. Johnson, of Lynn, Mass., assignor to JoitN B. Nichols, of
same place. — Improved Channelling Tool. — Patent dated Julv 28, 1863. — The two cutters of
the required configuration are secured on the guide stock oy a i^et screw and are capable
of the required adjustment or removal for sharpening o^ replacement.

Claim, — An improved sole channelling apparatus as made of the separate tubular and
angular cutters B C and a guide stock A, ^made substantially as described, ) fastenened to-
getner by one or more screws or devices which will admit of such cutters being adjusted with
reference to one another, as well as either one or both being removed from the stock for the
purpose of being sharpened, or for any other purpose, as circumstances may require.

No. 39,367.^-JoHN J. Kersey, of Bearstown, Lancaster county. Pa., assignor to Him-
self and Robert L. McClellan, of Cochransvillo, Peun. — Improvement in IVindlasses, —
Patent dated July 28, 1863. — ^This consists in an arrangement for lifting the drum on which
the rope is wound, so as to throw its pinion out of gear with the master wheel, and itself in
contact with a stationary brake, by means of which arrangement the load is lowered without
interference with the horse-power, and the horse permitted to rest.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the movable drum H with its flange I, in combination with
the stationary brake G, the pinion K on the shaf^ that revolves the drum, in connexion with
the shifting lever £, holdj&st or ratchet F, all operating substantially in the manner and for
the purpose specified.

No. 39,368.— William H. Lazelle, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Augustus
G. Seaman, of same place. — Improvement in Teakettles, — Patent dated July 28, 1863. — The
invention consists in suspending by tubes from the body of the teakettle a boiler chamber,
with a concave bottom and a convex tdp, to admit a flow of water through it, from and again
into the kettle while the tube s and auxiliary bottom are exposed to the heat of the fire.

Claim. — ^The combination of the kettle c and connecting pipes D d, with the suspended
dish-shaped boiler £, when the whole are constructed, arranged and operated as described,
for the purpose specified.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



564 ANNUAL EEPORT OP THE

No. 39,369 — Clifford Arick, of St. Clairsville, Belmont coun^, Ohio. — Improvement U
Compound Sub-Calibre Projectiles.-^Vaient dated July 28, 1863. — ^The object of this inven-
tion is to 80 construct the projectile that the casing and bearing shall be completely released
therefrom during its flight, without disturbing the direction or impeding; the Telocity ; and, at
the same time, insuring that they shall follow the preceding shot in we same line of flight
as an effective following explosive shot.

Claim. — First, loading with incendiary, explosive or other destructive material the heal-
ings or the casing and tarings used for projecting firom a gun a *'sub-calibi-e shot'^

Second, so arranging the bearings used for projecting a sub-calibre shot or boJt from a
gun that, on its flight, the shot and its bearings or its bearings and casing shall be separated
by atmospheric and other causes in such manner that the sub-calibre shot shall act as a
preceding penetrating tool, and its bearings and casing or either or all of them, as may be
most desirable, shall act in conjunction witn it as an effective following shot.

Third, a casing for a sub-calibre bolt or shot with its bearings arranged with suitable
chambers for the reception of explosive incendiary or other destructive material, to be operated
in any mcumer as and for a following shot

Fourth, a corrugated and grooved casing, or with otherwise perforated bearings for a "sub-
calibre shot" or a grooved sliot, whereby the atmosphere is admitted firom its fi^ont to its reai^
in ^e manner and for the purpose described.

Fifth, a supplemental chamber made of glass or other suj|able material, and adapted to
the bearingB and casing for a sub-oalibre shot, and as an auxiliary chamber for the reception
of destructive material, to increase the efficiency of a following shot, substantially as and
for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, a sub-calibre shot, in combination with an incendiary shell, acting as its bearings,
or its casing and bearings, and whether detachable or not, substantially as described.

Seventh, the introduction of air passages through the bearings or the bearings and casing
of a sub-calibre shot, for regulating the flight of a following shot^ substantially as describes

Eighth,. a combined sub-calibre shot and following shot with their accompanying chambers
for the reception of destructives, with its constructed and resulting openmgs for the admiv
sion of air from its front facings to its rear, constructed and operating substantially as and
for the purposes set forth. »

No. 39,370.— Elias Alexander, of Providence, R. l,—Improvement in the Mantffaetun
of Boots and 5Aom.— Patent dated August 4, 1863. — Instead of constructing the boot of a
front and a rear piece, the inventor, to save waste, makes ^ of a number of pieces of peculiar
shape. To give ventilation to the foot he makes an opening or slit from the toe to the ankle
of tne boot, which he fastens by lacing and covers by flaps. He constructs the heel of a
series of horse-shoe shaped pieces of leather which may be cut out from long narrow strips.
The hollow place formed in the heel may, if necessarv, be filled with a support consisting
of metal plates united by bars. A top lift covers the hollow space.

Claim. — ^First, /orming the front and back of boots and shoes each in a number of pieces
formed and arranged substantially as herein described to effect the purpose specified.

Second, the two side seams//, in combination with a removable piece or pieces forming
the vamp of a boot or shoe, substantially as described for the purpose specifie<L

Third, the two seams d dy in coi]H)ination with a separate piece C, inserted in the bade of
a boot leg, substantially as described for the purpose specified.

Fourth, in combination with an opening in the front of a boot extending from the toe to
the ankle, as set forth, two or more separate lacings 12 3, the lapels L L^ and the strap and
buckle N N, substantially as described for the purpose specified.

Fifth, the heel R, composed of a number of horse-shoe shaped lifts V, of leather, and a top
either with or without an interior support, substantially as herein shown and described for
the purpose specified.

Sixth, forming the outside counter M of boots m two or more pieecs, substantially as
described for the purpose specified.

No. 39, 371 .—Stephen M. Allen, of Woburn, Mass.— /mjw<7r«i'L€a«A«r Pa;?€r.— Patent
dated August 4, 1863. — Leather scraps of any kind are steeped in warm water of the tempe-
rature of 160°. The water being drawn off, the scraps are properlv rinsed and then steeped
in a weak solution of caustic soda which neutralizes the effect of tne tannin and restores the
animal fibre to some of its original softness. Flax or hemp broken and cleaned from straw,
and torn into proper lengths, is then ground wi^ the animal fibre. The pulp is then ready
to be converted into paper in the ordinary way.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture a factitious leather or a leather paper, which I
denominate fibriiia leather, consisting of leather scraps and vegetable fibre combined, sub-
stantially in the manner hereinbefore set forth.

Also, combining leather scraps steeped in warm water previous to being immersed in alka-
line solutions, with the unrottea and reduced fibre of flax, hemp, or other fike vegetable fibre,
substantially as hereinbefore- described and for the purposes set forth.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 565

No. 39,372,— Robert BaRCKLEY, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /w»rorein«it in Cupola Fur-
naces. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — This improvement consists in hinging doors to tho
base~ plate of a cupola furnace, the said doors being elevated or depressed by ievers.-

C/«tm.— The doors D and D , hinged to the base plate A of a cupola, in combination w'th
the levers herein described, or their equivalents, for elevating the said doors, and permitting
the same to be depressed as herein set forUi.

No. 39,373.— EUSHA T. Barlow, of San Francisco, CaX.—lMvrovementin Car Coupling.—
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^Thi« improvement consists in tne arrangement bj wmch i\siQ
protruding tongue or link is caused, in striking the detaining bolt, to lift it, allowing the
tongue to pass, and then the bolt dropping into a slot in the tongue the connexion is secure.

waitii.— The tongues B, provided with mortises F F', and fitted in the draw-heads A A',
in combination with the oscillating pins D, connected to springs A*, and the pin-vlevatiug
plates £, all arranged to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,374. — Charles R, BARirE3, of Muncy, Lycoming county, Va.^ Improvement in
Grain Separators.— "PAient dated August 4, 1863. — ^Tms invention consists in the introduction
of a vertically adjustable 6lid(» in a chamber opening out of the floor of the trunk of a blast win-
mowing machine by which, in combination with certain other appliances, a most perfect result
is attained, and the machme readily adjusted to variations in tlie quality or kind of grain.

Claim. — First, the adjustable sl.de or stop /, raised or lowered by the screw A, or equiva-
lent, in combination with the nuin tube A, and Receptacle B, in such a manner thai the
draught is divided, a portion pas^sing above and a portion passing beneath said slide, whereby
such dust as falls with the foul seed in the receptacle is arawn up on the opposite side, sub-
stantially as herein specified.

Second, in combination with the narrowing receptacle B, and the adjustable sl^de /, as
before described, also the automatic weighted valve £, operating substantially as herein set
forth.

Third, in combination with the adjusting slide /, also the register r, for regulating the
draught, and adapting the machines to cleaning of different kinds of grain, substantially a^
described.

Fourth, the arrangement of the main tube A, receptacle B, adjustable slide /, weighted
valve E, deflector c, and register r, substantially as and for the purposes herein set fortL

•No. 39,375. — J. Beachler, of Anderson, Madison county, Ind. — Improved Stump Ex-
tractor, — ;Issued August 4, 1863; antedated December 8, 1861. — This improvement consists
m an amhigement^by which the Tifting frame is lowered to the ground, or raised upon wheels
by an arrangement of rods and cranks connected with the forward truck.

Claim. — The sliding blocks a a, to which the wheels C C are attached, and the rods d d,
crank e e, shaft D, arms//, in combination with the rods ^^, draught rod D, and holding
pin t, all arranged and operating as and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 39,376.— George W. Beardslee, of College Point, Queens county, N. Y.— //njprore-
mtnt in Magmeto-electrie Telegraph. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^I'he object of this im-
provement is to make the movement of the operator, in designating the ^gtij to develop tho
current by which it is transmitted. The invention consists in the employment of a magneto-
electric engine, by the rotation of which impulses are induced alternately in opposite direc-
tions, connected with magpiets, the polarity of which are alternately reversed by said im-
pulses ; and an interposed armature, which is caused to vibrate by the alternately reversed
polarity of the electro-magnets, this being combined with a mechanism by which the indica-
tion of the character will operate the engine and develop the impulse by which it is trans-
mitted.

Claim. — ^The magneto-electric engine connected with the electro-magnets operating a
Tibrating magnet or armature, substantially as herein described, in combination with a
mechanism, substantially as described, which, as the 6perator indicates or designates a char-
actor or sign which he wishes to transmit, will operate the magneto-electric engine, and
thereby develop the electric impulses which transmit such characters or signs, as set forth.

Also, in combination with the combination first herein claimed, the employment of the
escapement, or the eauivalent thereof, operated by the vibrating magnet or armature, sub-
stantially as herein described, to indicate or develop the character or sign transmitted, as
sec forth.

1^0. 39,377.— Rosanna Cari^ENTER, of Roxbury, MgM.—Fmproved Case for Packing
Bottles. — Ptitent dated August 4, 1863. — This invention consists in the use of divisional
boards between the bottles, the feet of which boeirds project into mortices in the bottom of
the box to guard against displacement. The whole being intended to prevent collision and
the necessity for ordinarr packing material. «

Cl(Htn. — An improved packing case having mortises and divisional boards combined and
arranged in it, substantially |n the manner and for the purpose or purposes horembetore
specined.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



566 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

No. 39,378.— Franklin D. Boyle, of Evansvillc, Vanderburg. county, Ind.—Improte-
ment in Self-acting Boiler Feeder.— F^tent dated AClgust 4, 186:5.— The invention consist^ in
an arrangement of chambers and pipes for securing a nni^rm height of water in the boiler
by a float attached to one of the valves.

Claim.-— The combination of the chambers A B, valve C, float D, pipe or passa^ E,
chambers F 6 H, valves I J, and pipe M, the whole arranged to operate substantially as
and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,379.— V. FLORENTINE Cleuet, of Paris, France.— /nywowwwnt in Self-acting
Apparatus for Supplying Boilers with Water. — Patent dated August 4, 1863.— This invention
consists of a hoflow vessel or float in an outer case, which float, in filling or emptying,
))ecomes heavier or lighter comparatively to the surrounding water, and acauires an alterna-
tive vertical motion, whereby it is placed m successive communication with- the boiler and feed
supply to transfer from one to tne other the necessary water. As the water in the boi er
sinks below a certain level, the steam is admitted by a pipe to the float, which rai^ it so
that the pipe at the upper end of the float comes in connexion with the water supply ; when
it is heavier than the water it displaces it sinks, and opens the lower connexion with the
boiler into which it discharges, by its gravitation due its superior elevation, until the mouth
of the tube communicating with the upper part of the float is closed by the rising of tlie
water.

Claim. — ^The self-acting apparatus for supplying boilers with water, constructed and acting
substantially in Uie manner hereinbefore described and illustrated in the accompanying
drawings. -

No. 39,380. — J. R. Cluxton, of Russell ville, Brown county, Ohio. — Improvement in
Machine for Planing Shingles. — Patent dated August 4, 1863.— The wood ^ be operated
upon is placed on a platform adjustable vertically and inclined to the degree ort^er aosired,
so that the cutter-head may work horizontally. The latter is furnislied with two bit^ set
obliquely, so as to make a draw-cut with each niotion, and side clamps hold the block
under its operation. The cutter is reciprocated by a pitman and cam wheel.

Claim. — The platform K, the boards B and F, the adjustable clamps G, the regulating
screws V V, in combinatiqn with the cam G, the whole arranged in the manner and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 39,38l.-nJo8EPH Davis, of Wilton, Hillsboro*, N. B.,— Improvement in Wool Carding
Machines. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The invention consists in constructing the wa&te-
prdventing rollers under the main card cylinder, so as to have an increased velocity in the
series to prevent the fibre from gathering in a roll between any two of the roUei?, and the
. last of the rollers act in a similar manner with the tumbler or " licker in.'*

Claim. — A carding engine so constructed that each of its waste-preventing rollers ab c,
^c„ which are arranged beneath the main card cylinder, shall have, while in operation, a
speed or velocity of revolution greater than that of that roller of the series which may be
immediately in advance of it, the same being for the purpotse as hereinbefore specified.

Also, a carding engine as not only constructed so as to have waste-preventing rollers a be,
8fc., arranged underneath, and so as to operate with the main card cylinder A, in manner
and for the purposes above explained, but as having one or more other such rollers c m, ar-
ranged so as to operate ih a similar manner with the *'licker in" or ** tumbler" B, the whole
being substantially as specified.

No. 39,382.— Cornelius H. Delamater, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Machine
for Bending Metals, — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The invention consists of an upper and
lower roller with an auxiliary roller on each side for holding and presenting the plate ; the
journal boxes of the latter rollers are adjusted by set screws below, and the lower roller is
supported upon springs which rest upon wedg^ on a bar which is capable •f longitudinal
motion, so as to raise all the bearings of the lower roller simultaneously.

Claim, — First, in machines for bending metal, the arrangement of the rolls BCD and B,
and of suitable means of adjusting the same, substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

Second, in machines for bending metal containing four rolls, arranged substantially aa
herein above described, the employment of the rod G, with its several weoge-formed portions
g g, adapted' to act uniformly on the several bearings of the lower bending roll 0, by a sin-
gle adjustment, in the manner and with the advantages herein set forth.

•No. 39,383.— Samuel L. Denney, of Christiana, Lancaster county, Pa.— /m^ivwrnen:
in Horse Rakes.— F&tBui issued August 4, 1863 ; antedated April 2, 1863.— The rake toeth
are attached to the axle by guards ; the rake head is socketed in the iron from which the
wheel spindle projects, and an arm rises therefirom with a detent operated by a lever to brm«^
it at will into one of the notches in an annular plate affixed to the wheel, by which cug:igc-
ment the rake head is rotated, the teeth elevated, and the hay deposited by the re4eada]g
swords.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 567

Claim^ — ^Ftrat, tbe cast hollow spiDdle A, with its arm D, and detent E, attached thereto,
In combination with * the connexion O, lever F, spring 8, releasing sword I, and serrated
rim G, when constructed and arranged in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second* the guards B„ constructed in the manner and for the object set forth.

No. 39,384.— Frederick P. Dimpfel, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprored Armor Platen
for Land or Marine Batteries, — Patent issued August 4, 1863 ; antedated October 16, 1862. —
The plates are fastened to their backing bj bolted clamps of a T-shape, whose projecting
flanges interlock with corresponding depressions in the plates.

Claim, — The interlocking tongued and grooved T-iron plates, constructed and applied
together substantially as described, as a defensive armor for casemates, and other similar
war structures, and for the clothing or construction of vessels, as set forth.

No. 39,385. — ^Thomas Dowling, of Lynn, Mass. — Improvement in Heaters, — ^Patent
dated August 4, 1863. — ^This apparatus consists of a central fire-pot from which the heated
products low into an annular aruin, and descending pass out of it and to an exterior drum,
whence, ascending, they reach the smoke-chamber and pass to the eduction pipe. The air
received from the chamber in the base coUrses, through pipes and concentric spaces between
the drums, reaching a chamber from which it is distributeu by pipes to the apartments. The
radiation from the external drum heats the apartment in which the apparatus is situated.

Claim, — The combination of the series or pipes e e, (arranged within the external smoke
chamber as specified, ) the fire chamber A, the smoke chambers BCD, the air chambers G
O, and the concentric air cheunbers or passages £ ^d F, the whole being substantially as
above described.

Also, my improved' air and smoke damper, and Us peculiar arrangement with respect to
the pipe d and the air inlet o thereof, the said damper being made with a flexure, and with



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 97 of 164)