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the two plates or covers p q, and arranged within Doth pipe and inlet, as shown in Fig. 1,
and as hereinbefore described.

• Also, the combination of the air inlet n I with the air space m and the damper A, ma^e ia
manner and arranged within the pipe d, substantially as specified.

No. 39,386.— James K. DugdaLE, of Richmond, Ind.— /wprorement in Seed Planters,-^
Patent dated August 4, 1863; antedated December 27, 1862.— The invention consists of a
eliding hopper or seed box made fast to a cross plate which serves as a cut-off^ and working
within a stationary box and upon a feed plate, being held down upon tbe latter by spriugs.
By this arrangement plates oi varying thickness, qr with seed calls of diflferent calibres,
mAY be used.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of the above-described apparatus, composed
of the sliding hoppers B B, cut-off plate D, sliding on rods H H, springs E £, and set screws
G G, as described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,387.— William Elmer, of New York, N. Y',— Improvement in Apparatus for Pro-
ducing Ol^ant Ga«.— Patent issued August 4, 1863; antedated May 13, 1863.— The in-
yention consists in the construction of the apparatus for conducting the naphtha, or analogous
substance, and water into a pre-heater, thence to a retort containing granulated zinc,
causing the oxygen of the water to unite with the zinc, and free the hydrogen ; also freeing
the hydrogen of the naphtha, and bringing the carbon to the nascent state when the hydro-
gen and carbon unite in proportions to form olefiant gas.

Claim, — Constructing tbe apparatus for producing pure olefiant (^as and oxide of zinc, by
arranging contiguous and indirect connexion and communication with the retort A, for con*
taining granulated zinc, and the pre-heater Z for converting naphtha or benzole and water
into vapors, and arranging and combining therewith the several gas pipes D F K N M P Q,
cocks I H P, cylinders G L, and reservoir O, for performinff the respective functions before
described, the several parts operating distinctively to produce the desired result, substan-
tially in the manner herein set forth.

No. 39,388.— Wiluam Elmer, of Now York, N. Y,— Improvement in Producing ttlumi-
noting Om.— Patent issued August 4, 1863; antedated May 13, 1863.— Explained by the
claim.

Claim, — ^The production of pure olefiant gas from benzole or naphtha and water, in con-
junction with zinc, by pre-heating the former substances so as to iorm vapors, and bringing
said vapors into contact with a certain quantity of metallic zinc, heated to the requisite
degree, as herein set forth.

Also, the continuous process in the manufacture of olefiant gas. in which the gas is not
decomposed, and the production of oxide of zinc by the decomposition of the vapors of water,
as herein described.

No. 39,389.— John G. Ernst, of York, Fa,^Impror€ment in Clod Crushers. —Patent
dated August 4, 1863. — ^This consists of a frame carrying two series of rotating toothed
disks, the rear one following in the interstices of the other. They are preceded by ar row
of harrow teeth attached to the front bar of the frame.



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568 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Claiin. — ^The combination and arrangement of tbe stationary teeth 6' B' and B B, secured
to £rame-work A A, shafts b and 0, wheels or cutters £ £ £ £, and wheels or cutters dddd,
when constructed and operating as and for the purpose described.

No. 39,390. — ^Frankun Field, of Troy, N. Y,— Improvement in Collars^ for LadUs and
OentUmen. — Patent dated August 4, 1663. — Explained in the claim.

Claim. — ^A collar having a stiffening strip or c^rd A secured in the edge of the collar by
being first stitched to the cloth of the collar, and then havinf the layers of cloth turned over
the cord or stiffening strip and fastened together, substantiafly as herein set forth.

No. 39,391. — John Goland, of Batavia, Kane county, HI. — Improv§ment in Pumps.-^
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — The improvement consists of a cylinder, with a valve at its
lower end opening upward, and a similady acting valve in a hollow piston, which discbargee
the water through the hollow piston rod, and communicates by holes on the upper side of
the piston with the upper part of the cylinder, which forms an air chamber.

Claim. — The valve B in the bottom of the cylinder A, in combination with the hollow
piston C, provided with the valve D, and perforated at its upper part, as shown at /, all
ananged to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,392.— Edward J. Gorham, of Bangor, Maine. — Improved Infants' Pedo-motive.—
Patent dated August 4, 186^3. — The invention consists of an adjustable and elastic saddle
within a stand, supported on caster wheels. The body of the child is contained within tbe
rin^, and the seat is hung upon strapsy which give it an elastic bearing, and admit of its
vertical adjustment, so as to bring the infant's feet in the desired proximity to the floor.

Claim, — Improved infants' pedo-motivo, as constructed, with its saddle made and arranged
within and applied to the stand, substantially in manner and so as to be ai^ustable as heie-
inbefore descnbed.

No. 39,393.— W. H. GwYNNE, of White Plains, West Chester county, N. Y.— /mproocd
Method of Producing Water Ga».— Patent dated August 4, 1863. — Fine jets of steam from a
coil are decomposed by incandescent anthracite coal, and collected for illuminating purposes.

Claim. — ^Producing gases for heating and lighting and other purposes, by decomposing
highly-heated and finely-divided jets ot steam by means of anthracite coal, substantially as
hc^n set forth and described.

No. 39,394.— Frederick W. Harris, of Montreal, Canada.— /mprocwi Apparatus for
Marine Propulsion, — ^Patent dated August 4, 186^1 — The propellers work in a passage-way
extending through the vessel, and expanding at both ends. Stationary wings are^ intro-
duced in the passage between the screw propellers, to prevent the whirling motion *of the
water. The special proportions and construction of the passage-way are defined in the claim.

Claim. — First, the enlargement of the passage or tube, which contains the propeller or
propellers, in a funnel form towards the ends of the vessel, in such a manner that its mouth
at either end of the vessel presents an area of opening equal or approximating to the whole
area of the greatest submerged section of the vessel, substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

Second, the fiinnel-mouthed passage or tube, in combination with the straight and parallel
sides and straight bottom of the vessel, substantially as here^i described, for the purpose set
forth.

Third, making the mouths of the tube conform to the transverse profile of the sides and
bottom of the vessel, so as to unite therewith in a sharp, or as nearly as practicable a sharp
edge, substantially as herein set forth.

Fourth, the wings or feathers £ £, arranged within the tube or passage, and in combina-
tion with the propeller or propellers, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

No. 39,395.— William Hart, of Mayville, Dodge county, Wi&.—Improvtmsnt in Clock
Escapements. — Patent dated Auffust 4, 1863. — The pendulum is suspended from one centre,
with the impulse pallet adjustable on its rod, and the detent is secured in one arm of a lever
vibrating on a centre below the escape wheel, while the other end of the lever carries a bent
rod which, by contact with the pendulum rod, releases the detent. The object is to apply
the power from the wheel directly to the pendulum.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of the impulse pallet 6, detent /, lever c, wire d, or its
equivalent, and stop pin «, in combination with each other, and with the pendulum rod and
escape wheel, to operate substantially as herein specified.

Second, the guard g^ applied in combination with the detent lever C, to operate substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,396.— David Hawkins, of Birmingham, Conm— Improvement in Hoop Skirts.-^
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The upper sections may be unhooked, and open out side-
ways to admit the person.

Claim. — A hoop skirt so constructed as that the upper portion can be distended or openH
out, substantially as hereinbefore described, for the purposes set forth.



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COMMISSIONEE OF PATENTS. 569

No, 39,397. — Benjamin F. Heddon, of Norwich, Conn. — hnproMtnent in Pistons for
Steam Engines,— F&tent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a hollow screw
containing a valve, and with an opening at each'end applied to a hollow piston surrounded'
by an expansible packing ring, so that the steam pressing on the valve opens it and ^buts
it against the •orifi9e toward the exhaust side, while the steam is admitted by ports in the
bide of tbe screw to the inside of the hollow piston to expand the j



Claim. — ^Tho sectional, removable hollow screw-rod t, provided with steam ports k k' p p,
valve D, and valve seats, in combination with an expansiole packing-ring piston, the whole
being constructed and arranged subbtantially as herein descrioed.

No. 39,396.— John 8. Hull, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— Improvement in Blow- Pipes.— T&ieni
dated August 4, 1863. — ^The alcohol is forced, by a pump in the reservoir, in a stream from
the jet pipe, being vaporized in a coil over a lamp just before it issues.

Claim. — ^The application of atmospheric pressure, by simple pumping, to the alcohol In
the reservoir, forcinr the same in a liquid state through tne let pipe, and vaporizing it
therein just before it issues therefrom, suhstaA^allj as and for the purposes herein specified.

No. 39,.399. — John 8. Hull, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Lamp Burners. — Pat-
ent dated Au^ist 4, 1863. — The improvement consists of an inner descending cone passing
downward from the base of tbe deflector, and with scalloped edges deflecting the air down-
ward thai enters at the perforations of the outer case.

Claim. — The inner cone partition C, arranged in the inside of the lamp burner, in combi-
nation with the perforations a a of the outer case, substantially as and for the purpose
herein specified.

Also, the notches or scallops eein the lower edge of the partition C, for the purpose
designated.

No. 39,400.-^OHN 8. Hull, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Lamp Burners. — ^Pat-
ent dated August 4, lb63. — ^The air passes downward into a chamber around the wick tube,
and then up through the perforations in a descending cone to the burner chamber ; the object
being to keep direct conflicting currents from reaching the flame.

CUim. — Introducing the draught air by first descending, from the outside, into a separate
or enclosed chamber c, and thence ascending through a perforated partition or ** cone " B into
the burner chamber, in combination with a flat- wick tube, substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein specified.

No. 39,401.— Stephen Hull, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Isaac W.
White, of same place. — Improvement in Cutters for Harvesters. — Patent dated August 4,
1863. — The improvement is m the construction and arrangement of the guards relatively to
the finger bar and knife, so as to afford a continuous bearing for the sickle, with a discharging
space at the rear below the sickle.

Claim. — An open cap-slotted guard finger provided with the depressions d d' below and
between the elevated plane c, and'thelower^ plane e, and with the flanges b 6, so that the finger
beam and the knife-rod have a front bearing about equal to their combined thickness below
the plane c and the sickle, a continuous top bearing on the flanges h ft, in combination with
separated or spaced back guides £ £, which allow a firee rear oischarge of dirt from below
the sickle, substantially as described.

No. 39,402. — G. G. Hunt, of Quincy, Adams coun^, HI. — Improvement in Furnaces for
Steam Boilers. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of an inclined
partition dividing the furnace chamber into two portions, and deflecting downward the gases
evolved in combustion, so that they pass through a throat in contact with an air tube, and
are ignited in the second chamber. A man-hole is provided im the upper part of the partition
for convenience in getting at the flues and to start a draught in kindling the fire.

Claim. — First, the incuned partition F, placed within the furnace A, and arranged rela-
tively with a perforated air-tube G, substantially as shown, whereby the furnace is divided
into two compartments, a fire chamber and a combustion chamber, and the smoke and gases
compelled to pass down through the fuel or fire in order to pass through the throat G'
into the combustion chamber, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Seconds, the man-hole I, in the partition F, provided with the cover and damper J, arranged
fts shown, relatively with the door or feed-hole C and throat G'» to operate as and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 39,403. — John Jann, of New Windsor, Carroll county, Md. — Harvesting Machine. —
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the automatic revolvin|^ rake
and reel arms, whose vertical motion, to bring them seriatim to their effective position, is
caused in each case by a pitman from a disk, which is rotated by a bevel pinion driven by
gearing from the main shaft. The rotating frame is steadied and supported by side springs.

Claim. — First, operating horizontally revolving reel or rake arms by crank and pitman,
substantially as described.



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670 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Second, the combination of the crown or berel coe-wheel h, ^arin^ with the clntch pinion

D, in line with the pivots//, the reel and rake shaft H, and the mmtipljinpr gearing A' A",
and the shaft r, mounted within the gear frame F, and employed to transmit motion to the
cutters, when the said parts are constructed, arranged, and operated in the manner and for
the purposes specified.

Thira, the combination of the supporting springs G with the pivoted gear frame F, ar-
ranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,404.— H. H. Jennings, of New Haven, Conn.— /inftweil Gauge for Metal Pla-
ning. — Patent dated August 4, ]8i53. — ^The invention consists in the application of a spring
and set screw to the index arm of a gauge bj which the work is adjusted on the bed of the
planing machine. It has its main vertical adjustment on the standard, and is capable of
some degree of vertical vibration under the operatiq^ of the set screw and spring for nicer
adjustments.

Claim, — The spring F and set screw G, in combination with the box E, index arm C, an4
upright bar B, all arratiged substantially as shown, to form an improved implement or device,
ibr the purpose specified.

No. 39,405. — ^Benjamin F. Joslyn, of Stonington, Conn. — Improvement in Revehing
Fire-arms. — Patent issued August 4, 1863; antedated May 26, 1863.— The improvement
consists in a recoil plate on the frame to prevent the spent cartridges from interfering with
the free rotation of the cylinder ; also in the device for operating the cylinder through the
movement of the hammer, and in the device of the rod forming the centre pin, and, when
required, a spent cartridge ejector.

Claim. — First, in connexion with revolving fire-arms arranged for the use of metallic car-
tridges, a recoil plate on the firame or on a breech plate attached to the frame, said recoil
plate beinf^ situated at the rear of the cartridge, when the latter is in position to be discharged,
and operating so as to permit the free turning of the cylinder, as herein described.

Second, the block E, arranged to turn in the frame on the movement of the hammer, and
having a yielding pin A adapted to the recess in the rear of the cylinder, the whole being ar-
ranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the rod K, and tubular rod K' with its spring, the whole being connected to the
barrel substantially as described, and arranged to serve the double purpose of a front centre
pin for the cylinder, and an instrument for discharging the spent cartridges.

No. 39,406.— Benjabon F. Joslyn, of Stoningtoni Conn.^Tmprovement in Revolving
Firearms. — Patent dated August 4, 1863.— The improvement consists in the method of con-
structing the stock and frame in two pieces detachable from each other, to afford facilities
for fitting, adjusting and cleaning, in the block, with the teeth in the rear, so adapted to the
cylinder and the frame, that it can bo forced from the former and through the latter when the
cylinder is to be withdrawn ; in the device for locking the cylinder, and maintaining it locked
except when the dog is revolving it during the cockmg of tjje hammer ; and finaUy, in the
rod hung to an arm which is hinged to the barrel and arranged in respect to the cylinder so
that it may seiVe as a centre pin, and a cartridge case ejector.

Claim, — First, making the frame A and the stock B in two parts, the former carrying the
cylinder and the latter carrying the hammer, trigger, mamspring, &<5., and the two i»irts
bein^ secured to and rendered detachable from each other, as described, for the purpose
specified.

Second, the block E adapted to the cylinder D, and the firame A, as set forth, for the pur-
pose specified. *

Third, the spring K, with its projection ^, the loose pin w, inclination y, and indented block

E, the whole being arranged for joint action, as and tor the piu^ose described.

Fourth, the arm G, hinged to the barrel, and the rod F, both being so arranged in respect
to the cylinder, and the bores of the same, that the said rod may serve the two-fold purpose
of a centre-pin and an instrument for forcing tLie spent cartridges from the bores, as descnbed.

No. 39,407.— Benjamin F. Joslyn, of Stonington, Conn. ^Improvement in Breech-loading
Ftrc-flnns.— Patent dated Au^st 4, 1863.— This is an improvement on the patentee's former
patent of October 8, 1861, and consists of a cartridge case ejector. A cam-shaped projec-
tion is secured to the breech niece, and as the latter is elevated and thrown back, the lev-
elled edge bears agtiinst the flange of the cartridge case, and partially withdraws it from the
box. A spring is fixed in an opening in the stock at the rear of the barrel so as to bear with
its upper end against the rear of the uange of the cartridge case and withdraw it.

Ctatm.'— The bevelled projection 6, on the breech piece, in combination with the spring E,
when both are arranged tor joint action on the case of the cartridge, substantially as set
forth, for the purpose described.

No. 39,408.— Juroen L. JCroens, of the Island of Fohr, Kingdom of Denmark, assignor
to Himself and JOHN E. Hoover, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in Vessels^-war. —
Patent dated August 4, 1863.— The vessel is divided on its gun deck by a number of transverse



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COMMISIONEB OF PATElTrS. 571

eompartmenfs, with portholes, and having metallic sides, in which men and ordnance may
be protected : and the spaces between them are filled with floatage material. The luasts are
of concentric tubes; the inclined upper works armed with spikes; the sides protected with
fenderSf add made double, with an mterval provided with pipes and floatage material.

Claim. — Firat, coastructing a ship with funnel-shaped spaces K K, passing transTersely
through her vital parts, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Second, the transverse chambers G G G, provided with oblique metallic armor for the pro-
tection of men, guns or machinery, substaiitially as set forth.

Third, the use of masses L L, of cork or oiher buoyant materia*, in converging spaces
between mail-clad chambers, substantially as and for the objects specified.

Fourth, the combination with the hollow masts N N t)f the central revolving tubes », and
swivel plates O, constructed and arranged as specified, to preserve the masts from destructiom
by the penetration of shot.

Fi^th, the pikes R R, projecting from the bulwarks Q, and mounted upon rods or bars R',
by which they may be elevated or depressed in the manner described.

Sixih, the side arms or wings S 8, constructed and operated as described, to fend off or
grapple an enemy.

Seventh, the water-tight compartments T, between the inner and outer shell, each provided
with one 6t more ascenoing tubes, to permit the extinction of fire, substantially as described.

No. 39,409. — Jambs Kbrr, of Southwark, Surrey, England. — Improvement in Revolving
Fire-arms, — Patent dated August 4. 1863. — The improvement consists in the coiistmction of
the lock; the method of adapting the ordinary lock to the purpose; and in the method of
attachment of the barrel to tne frame and stock.

Claim, — ^First, the combination of the lever £, trigger F, link k\ stud A, hook g, and extra
*'bent" a, with the ordinary tumbler aqd sere, these parts constituting a lock detached from
the body or frame, as hereinbefore described and illustrated by drawingfs.

Second, the adaptation and use to and in revolving fire-arms of the ordinary gun and pistol
lock detached from the body or frame, as hereinbefore described.

Third, the peculiar mode, hereinbefore described, of connecting the barrel with the frame
and stock, wnen such barrel is forged apart from the body or frame.

No. 39,410. — W. A. Leogo, of Quebec, Lower Canada. — Improvement in Pans for
Backing Electrotypes, — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The apparatus consists of two plates,
the interior or upper one being perforated throughout its surface with minute holes. The o^)-
ject is to avoid toe defacement of tlie electrotype plate by the uneven cooling and consequent
shrinking of the backing. The lower pan being iieated sufi!ciently to melt the tin on the elec-
trotype shell, is then laid upon a cooling plate, the upper plate laid on, preserving the re-
quired distance between the plates for the thickness of the fikushed article. The metal is
then poured in and descends m a shower upon the back of the electrotype tiU the interval is
fiiled; cooling evenly from below, upwards.

Claim. — The perforations Qr holes d, in the bottom of the inner pan B, when the same is
used in combination with the outer pan A, in the manner and for the purpose substantially
as herein shown and described.

No. 39,411.— Charles M. Lufkin, of Acworth, Sullivan county, N. Vi.— Improvement
in Plougfts. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — The improvement consists in the arrangement by
which the coulter is made available on either side of the beam as the mould-board is shifted.
It is placed on the end of a lever which is pivoted on the beam and capable of lateral play,
80 as to drop on either side^of the beam with a curved arm on £he coulter, catching on a pin
in a socket which is provided on each side.

Claim. — A coulter I, connected by a lever H and slide bar K to the mould-board F, in such
A manner as to admit of the movement of the coulter from one side of the beam A to the
other by the adjustment of the mould-board, as herein set forth.

Also, the curved arm /on the coulter I, in connexion with the pin g in the socket J, and
the slide t and spring j, all arranged to operate as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,412. — A. S. Markham, of Monmouth, Warren comity, HI. — Improvement in Culti-
vators, — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — The front part of thefiname is supported upon rollers,
and the two plough beams are hung to a pivoted transverse beam, so as to have a vertical
play aad be retained in an elevated position by hooks and chains, and to have a simultaneous
lateral play by a transverse connecting bar and a slotted attachment to the rocking beam.

Claim. — First, the frame A, having a draught-pole B attached to it, in connexion with the
rollers C, fitted in the lower part of said frame A, and the plough beams D attached to ttio
frame A, and connected at their back parts by the bar G, substantially as and for the pur-
pose specified.

Second, the particular manner of connecting the plough beams D to the frame A, to wit,
by having the front ends of the beams slotted longitudinally with pins or bolts if parsing
through tlie slots into ban I, which are fitted loosely on shafts «, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth.



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672 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 98 of 164)