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Third, the draught bars J, attached to the front ends of the plough beams D br bolts j,
and connected at their upper ends to the frame A by chains /, and having hooks k secured
to them, all arranged as shown, whereby the draught may be regulated, and the beams B
adjusted longitudinally as may be required.

No. 39,413.— nJoHN McHenry, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— Improted Lamp Burner,— P&tent
dated August 4, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of a supplemental inner cap around and
directing the flame and attachea to the wick-tube inside of the ordinary cap or deflector.

Claim. — ^The supplemental cap E, constructed as described, and applied to the wick-tube
D withm the cone or deflector C, in manner substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,414.— W. T. Mersereau, of Newark, N. J.— Improvement in Roller for Trunks and
BoiM.— Patent dated August 4, 1863 — ^The pintle of the roller is joumaUed in two angle
plates which are screwed to the respective sides of the box or trunk.

Claim, — In combination with the plates A and B, constructed as shown, the use or em-
ployment of the roller C and journal D, for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 39,415.— Leman C. Mover, of Hartford, Conn,— Improvement in Adjustable Carriavt
Po/c».— Patent dated August 4, 1863; antedated December 19, 1862.— The object of this
improvement is to make the distance between the socket joints ac^ustable, ,80 as to fit caN
riages whose clips for attachment of the pole are at different distances apart. It consists
in dividing the cross brace and making the halves slide on each other, in order to bring
the socket joints nearer to each other, while the tongue itself remains central.

Claim.— £ho arrangement of the adjustable circular slides £ E, braces B B, binding clip
O, and the vibrating socket joint connexions I K, in combination with the evener bolt C and
attachments, in the manner and for the purpose^substantially as herein set forth and described.

No. 39,416.— John Moakley, of New York, N. T. — Improvement in Ventilating Caps
for Tents. — ^Patent dated August 4, 1863— The improvement consists in a circular aperture
in the top of the tent, provide with an adjustable revolving cover, supported on arms ninged
to a central plate, which has an axis passing down through the ridg^ pole, and rotated by
means of a cross-piece at its lower end.

Claim.— The ventilating apparatus for tents, constructed and operating substantially in
the manner described

No. 39,417.— Samuel Morris, of Charlestown, Mass.— /mprove^ ^nuA.— Patent dated
August 4, 1863. — ^The back of the brush k covered with a composition which conceals and
protects the wires and bristles, to produce a finish.

Claim. — ^The improved brush, substantially as described, as made with a japan or water-
proof and flexible composition applied to its back, so as not only to cover and finish the same
and dispense with a solid, separate, coverin^^ plate, but enter the bristle holes and hide them
and the confining wires from view, substantially as specified.

No. 39,418.— Thomas W. H. Moseley, of Boston, ^ms.— Improvement in Corrugating
Sheet Metal. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The sheet is adjusted by gauges on a carriage,
which has an intermittent reciprocating motion to and from the corrugating rollers ; the me-
chanism for gauging and determining the correct position of the sheet on the carriage, and
for imjparting the proper motions to the carnage, are described in the claim.

Claim, — An automatic machine, consisting of the above-described elements or their me-
chanical equivalents, viz: of first, two fluted or corrugating rollers; second, mechanism for
rotating such rollers ; third, a carriage for supporting a sheet of metal tq be corrugated, and
for introducing such sheet between the corrugating rollers; fourth, mechanism for imparting
the proper intermittent, reciprocating motions to the said carnage : fifth, machinery for gaug-
ing the sheet of metal or determining its correct position on the carriage, preparatory to the
sheet being moved up to and introduced between the corrug^ing rollers.

Also, the arrangement and application of each of the cams k with respect to its corru-
gatiue roller or the axis thereof, constructed and operating substantially as and for the pur-
pose described.

Also, in combination with the sheet carriage D and the mechanism for imparting to it
reciprocating intermittent movements, as described, such mechanism being the cams k k and
yokes » n, a mechanism, viz., the screws q q and nuts s st t for adjusting the carriage into
parallelism with the corrugating rollers.

Also, the combination tor determining the position of a sheet of metal on the carriage D,
the said combination consisting of (he arms u «, the cranked shatts v v, the weight z, the re-
tainer jf, and the cam z, the wliole being arranged so as to operate substantiauy as herein-
before specified.



No. 39,419.— Obed Peck, of Windsor, Yi,—1morovement in Attacking BiU to Braces, —
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The bit is retainea in its socket by a pivoted jaw, with a

*. — .«K.^u *i *^u i- .u^ -.U-.-.U _r *u^ uiA — j^ ^ j^^ 1^ ^U closed t

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projection which engages the notch in the shank of the bit, and the jaw is held closed by a
screw-nut or sleeve.



C0MMISSI02TEB OP PATENTS. 5t3

Claim, — The jaw C, hinged .to the brace or connected therewith by a joint, in combinatton
with the nut D and screw-thread c, all arranged as shown, to secure the bit B' firmly to the
brace, and admit of its reedy adjustment therein and detachment therefrom, as set forth.

No. 39,420.— Charles L, Pierce, of Buffalo, N. Y.^-Improvtd Wood 5/»lttt«r— Patent
dated August 4, 1863.* — ^The machine consists of a bed plate which rotates by the impulse of
a lever, so as to expose another portion of the block to the blow of the axo which is keyed
on the end of a lever operated by a'crank and pitman.

Claim. — First, the lever B, supported and moving upon the fulcrum shaft C, in connexion
with the axe £, and operated by a crank D, for the purposes and substantially as herein de-
scribed.

' Second, the axe E and lever B, supported and moving upon a fulcrum shaft, as aforesaiH,
in combination with the head block K and revolving pfite J, for the purpose and substan-
tiallv as described.

Third, constructing the axe with a shank provided with a key, as a means of fastening
the axe to the lever.

No. 39,421.— Henry Port, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in the Manufacture of
Boots and Shoes. — Patent issued August 4, 1863; antedated October 16, 1862. — The soles
are affixed to the uppers by means of rivets, united by their heads into a skeleton plate. Tho
last has recesses wuich receive the points of the rivets and turn them alternately in opposite
directions. To insure uniformitv, the set of holes is punched to correspond with the riv«ta
by a die, and knives cut out the blank at the same operation.

Claim. — ^The sole moulded with a skeleton plate of rivets and a lip on the edge, subs^it-
eiallv as described. ^

Also, the use of tho last with spring recesses, to tiim the points of the rivets, as set foitb,
and of the knife and punches, as described to cut and punch simultaneously.

No. 39,422.— John G. Pugsley, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Car Springs,— -
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a series of springs of disk Ibrm, and
of graduated sizes, placed on a central tube with an annular flangfe to separate them, and
the whole placed in a spring box with thrust rings of concave form by which they bear upon
the springs.

Claim. — The use or employment of a cylindrical spring case, having a central flange that
sustains the springs on either side, and toward which the springs yield.

Also, the employment of rines on which the springs rest, having a deadening packing
between them and the flange aescribed, and also between the rings and the top and bottom
plates.

No. 39,423.— Benjamin Reed, of Allegheny City, Fa.— Improved Wheel for Marine Pro-
pulsion. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — The buckets are triangular and secured by one
angle to the shaft, set dn with alternate inclinations, and at such an angle with the shaft that
the points will meet the adjoining buckets — a rod securing their points to each other.

Claim. — The use of angular m>ats or buckets, having one point secured to the shaft and^
the two outer points stay^ by means of rods of bars, when said shaft is placed transverse to
the length of the boat, the whole arranged and constructed substantially as described an'd for
the purpose set forth.

No. 39,424. — Charles Ross, of Hartland, Livingston county, Mich. — Improved Fasten'
ing for Horse-powers. — ^Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^This device is intended for fastening
to the ground the frame of a horse-power ; it consists of a curved iron arm, with loops ^»
spurs which engage the frame, and feet which are anchored in the ground to prevent the
horse-power from shifting when the power is applied.

Clatm. — ^The employment or use of the arms B with spurs c, and plates or feet C, in cbm-
btnation with the bed pieces A of a horse-power or other contrivance, applied and operating
in the manner and for the purpose substantially as shown ^d described.

No. 39,425.— Guy M. Salsbury, of Wilson, Niagara county, N. Y., and George S.
Salsbury, of Clarendon, Orleans county, N. Y.-^ Improvement tn Ploughs. — Patent dated
August 4, 1863. — ^This independent beam is a forward projection from the upp«»r part of the
landside, against which the coulter is secured by a link ; the landside and coulter being in
the same plane, while the beam is laterally adjustable in slots in a projection from the upper
juBction of the mould-board and landside and in the cross-bar connecting the handles.

Claim. — ^Providing a plough with the independent short beam H, for the purpose of attacb-
iog the coulter, substantially as described.

Also, in combination with the short beam H, the adjustable beam A, when all the parts
ora constructed and arranged as herein set forth.

No. 39,426.— Allen Schenck, of Chicago, Hh— Improvement in Metallic Basfut9,~-
Intent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The basket is composed of sections, corrugated and swaged
to the required form, and riveted or soldered togetner.



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574 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Claim. — A sheet-metal basket or vessel composed of a series of sections a bent or swaged
in proper form, corrngated or fluted, and secured toother by riyets or solder, substantially
as nerein sot forth.

No. 39,427.— C. W. Stafford, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Tncendiarif SiA-
Calibre Projectile, — ^Patent dated August 4, 1863. — This is a long sub-calibre projectile with
a punching face, and having a reduced diameter toward the rear, with a sabot to fit the bore
of the gun. It also has a oand near the front, and a casing over the reduced central por-
tion, between which and the latter is a chamber for incendiary material.

Claim, — Firsts the combination, in a sub-calibre projectile, of the following elements, vii.,
a cutting or nunching face, a solid central core, and an annular chamber surrounding the
said core, and chiefly or entirely included within the area of the punching face, substauiiallj
as herein described, for the purpose of carrying' incendiary or explosive material into the
aperture made by the shot

Second, the combination of the central core a2, casing B, and band H, operating substan-
tially as described, to retain the contents of the chamber during the flight of the projectile,
and discharge it within the cavity formed thereby.

No. 39,428.-0. C. StbarkS, of Homer, Champaign county, I\\.^Improvement in CnW-
vators, — ^Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^This cultivator consists of a frame mounted on two
wheels, with plough beams .swivel-jointed to the front cross-bar, and rising, fallmg, or
secured in vertical g^des attached to the frame.

Claim, — ^The rising and falling bars F, having ploughs H attached to them, in connexion
with the guides G, provide with the catches L, the above parts being arranged as shown,
with the bars D D attached to the axle A and cross-bar £, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,429.— Francis B. Stevens, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in Condensers qf
Steam Engines. — Patent dated August 4, 1663. — The improvement consists in diminishiog
the amount of surface required in a surface condenser or cooler, without impairing the
vacuum in the ordinary or common condenser, by combining a surface condenser or cooler
with a double eduction. This is accomplished bv condensing in an additional condenser
(either by surface condensation or by a cooler,) the steam discharged from the cylinder by
the first eduction pipe, and by maintaining in this additional condenser a temperature higher
than that in the ordinary condenser, and by delivering into the latter the steam discharged
from the cylinder by the second eduction.

Claim, — ^First, the general arrangement, construction, and combination for increasing the
arverage diflerence between the temperature of the steam to be condensed or of the water to
be cooled, and that of the cooling water by the combination of a cooler or of a surface con-
denser with a double eduction, in the manner herein described.

/ Second, in connexion with the combination of a cooler with a double eduction, the arrange-
ment by which the water taken from the hot well of the common condenser is injected into
the additional condenser, in the manner herein described.

Third, in connexion with the combination of a cooler with a double eduction the arrange-
ment by which a separate cooler is used for each condenser, in tlie manner herein described.

Fourth, delivering the steam discharged by the first eduction from both the cylinders of
two connected condensing engines into one condenser, and by delivering the steam dis-
charged by the second eduction from both these cylinders into, another condenser, in the
manner herein described.



No. 39,430.— Francts B. Stetens, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement tn Steam Engin
Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^This improvement dispenses with the valve moved by the
mechanism of the engine to open and close the port, placed midway the length of the cylin-
der, and consists in proportioning the length of the stroke of the piston, and of the depth of
the- piston and its packing, and of the width of the midway port, so that this port shall not
be uncovered by tne piston until that part of the stroke is attained at which it is desired to
withdraw the steam through the port, thus making the piston act as the valve to open the
port

Claim, — ^Taking the steam from the cylinder by the first eduction on the induction side of
Che piston without the intervention of a valve moved by the mechanism of the engine, as
herem set forth and described.

No. 39,431.— Nathan P. Stevens, of Boston, 1A2a%,— Improvement in Pistons for Steam
Engines, — Patent dated Aujjust 4, 1863. — In this improvement the steam is admitted within
the nollow piston rings by impingement on the levers, which bear upon it through the me-
dium of the difierential pistons ot the small cylinder in the piston head.

Claim, — In combination with the piston head and its expansive ring or rings, an apparatus
by which, through the action of the steam used in the cylinder for propelling the mam piston
thereof, the pressure or rate of steam pressure for expanding the rings may be diminished
with respect to the pressure or rate of steam pressure exertea on the piston to drive it, while
such piston may be in operation within an engine cylinder.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS.. 575

Also, the apparatns, substanttallj as described, for dimmiahinff the steam pressure on the
piston rings relatively to that on the end of the piston, meaning to claim the apparatus
whether inclusive or exclusive of the means, as described, for discharging the waste steam
from the rear of the two concentric pistons of such apparatus.

No. 39,432.— John Stock, of New York, N. Y.— Photographic Camera.— Patent dated
August 4, 1863. — ^The camera is so arranged, as to be folded together in small compass for
transportation, and the plate holder constructed to combine with it the necessary baths re-
quired to prepare and complete the plates before and after the picture is taken; without the
necessity of a dark room or place, to enable the operator to take pictures by the wet process
under any circumstances.

Claim. — First, attaching the front part a of a camera to the movable bottom plate fi, by
means of a tongue piece 6, fitted into a suitable groove and secured by a hook dj and brace e.

Second, attaching the after part ^.of the camera to the sliding bottom i, by means of
hinges 3, and secured bv suitable braces.

Third, attaching the hinges !^, for the purpose of folding the bottom plate ft, on the nnder
side of said plate, in combination with the strips o and o', arranged as described and for the
purpose set forth.

Fourth, the strips pp,' attached to the sides of the bottom plate it, acting on the side
pieces ^ of the sliding bottom i.

Fifth, the movable back plate to of the plate holder, together with its springs x y and z,
and in combination with the extended after part Z of the plate holder, wnen arranged and
operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

Sixth, the trough 8, attached to the inside of the back plate to, for the purpose of receiving
the drippings of the glass plate, as well as to close the opening in the bottom of the plate
holder.

Seventh, hanging the plate holder on the top of the after part g of the camera, by means
of a suitable hook o, in combination with a slide plate A, attached to the after part g of the
camera, said plate A having regular divisions, through which, in connexion with the pin 5,
or its equivalent, the plate holder can be regularly moved, so that any desired number of
pictures mav be taken.

Eighth, the arrangement and combination of the frame 16, rod S', with nose S'', to hold
the glass plate i in connexion with the rod S, to operate the same, and the manner of libe-
rating the glass plate, substantially as described. * *

Ninth, the arrangement of the packing 14, through which the rod 8 works, for the pur-
pose described.

Tenth, the arrangement and use of the frame 15, with its guide 19, in a developing bath,
for the purpose described.

No. 39,433.— J. S. TiBBBTs; of Evansville, In^.— Improved JBe/^— Patent dated August 4,
1863. — ^The improvement consists in the shape of the bell, which is oval in horizontal sec-
tion; and in tne ed^ of its chime, which is prolonged by making the mouth of a "double-
lip" form, so as to mcrease the length of tne vibrating edge, and thereby increase and
prolong the volume of sound.

Claim, — As an improved article of manufacture, a bell cast of oval form in its horizontal
section, and a sinuous chime, as herein set forth.

No. 39,434. — Qeorgb W. Tripp, of Auburn, Cayuga county, N. Y. — Improvan$nt in
Dental Plates, — ^Patent issued August 4, 1H63 ; antedated February 7, 1863.— The improve-
ment consists in covering the vulcanized rubber base with a coating of gold plate, and in
the bar and semi-spherical protuberance ; incisions in the plate are maide for the purpose of
bracing and affording firm attachment between the rubber and metal.

Claim, — First, the lining coating or covering of vulcanized rubber or other vulcanized
guns, when the same are josed in dental plates, with a plating of gold or other suitable .
metal, substantially in the manner and for the uses specified.

Second, the concave band B, figure 2, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Third, i^ combination with the gum and metallic plates, the spherical segments c, and the
incisions D, as set forth.

No. 39,435.— Samuel Vanstone, of Providence, R. L^lmprovement in Rail Couplings
for Railroads. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making a oar of
iron equivalent in form and dimensions transversely to one-half of the coupling, for the
ends of the adjacent rails, when divided vertically; and in fastening two such half bars
together by rivets and welding, and then cutting the said united bar mto suitable lengths
for coupling the ends of the rail together.

C/aim.— rhe welding of two such half bars together, substantially as described, the bar
thereby formed to be cut into the requisite lengths or pieces to form the atbresaid rail
ooupUng, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.



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576 ANNUAL KEPORT OP THE

No. 39,436.— Hazen Webster, of Elgin, Kane county, l\\,—Tmprovement in Car
Coupling. — ^Patent dated August 4, 1863. —The invention consists in providing the bead of
ft drew bar with a lateral curved projection so as to make it act as a bumper, and affixing to
each bar a spring hook by which the cars are coupled.

Cfswfi.— The curved projection C, in combination with a hook or catch D, so as to make
the coupling operate also. as a bumper, substantially as set fqrth and specified.

No. 39,437. — Sabiuel S. Weed, of Stoneham, Middlesex county, Mass. — ImprovemaU im
Sde-CuUing Machine. — Patent dated August 4, 1863.— The knife (making a semi-rotation
after each cutting operation, so as to cut alternately heel and toe) strikes upon a rotating
last-shaped cutting block so as always to point in the direction of the toe, giving a pro|)er
bevel. The semi-section of the knife is given by a pin on the rotating shaft of the knife
actine h| combination with jgrooves and soring valves in the boxes. The die' and blo<^ are
held by a-ooves in their ends, and by guiaes and the slotted vibrating cam admits of the
machinel)eing driven in either direction. The vibrating door prevents the cut soles from
slipping through at the wronff time and impeding the machme, and the cutting block is
regulated by a screw passing through the lever on to the toggle that carries the block shafi

C/aim.— First, rotating the die D, and a last-shaped cutting block, simultaneously, so
that the toe of the knife shall alwavs correspond with the toe of the block, substantially as
set forth and for the purpose described.

Second, the particular combination of devices for giving a partial rotation of the kmfe or
block, after each cutting operation, said devices consisting of the pin or roller m, grooves X,
and spring valves W, substantiallv as and for the purpose descried.

Third, holding the die and block, while the cutting operation is performed by means of
grooves in their ends and the guides P and Q or their equivalents, sul)Stantially as set forth
and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the slotted, vibrating cam U, arranged and operating substantially as described.

Fifth, the valve or door <, arranged and operating substantially as set forth.

Sixth, raising or depressing the cutting block by means of the screw I, strap G, lover J,
and toggle H, substantially as described.

No. 39,438.— Marion J. Wellman, of New York, N. T. — Improvement in Lamp or Gas
Shades. — Patent issued Aujgust 4, 1863; ant^ated May 19, 1863. — ^The screens are made in
sections and slide past each other so as to open a portion when desired.

Claim, — ^The employment of opening screens in combination with the shades, as and for
the purpose set forth.

No. 39,439.-nJoHN L. Whiting, of Portland, Me.—Tmvrovement in BrMsAes.— Patent
dbted Aug^t 4, 1863. — This is an improvement in the methoa of attachment of the bristles to
the handle. The bristles being bunched and the bnts dipped in pitch, the pointed or wedge-
shaped end of the handle is thrust in, splitting ihe bunch, and a conical ferrule slipped over,
clamping them tightly.

C/aim.— A brusn with a wedge or cone-shaped point, in combination with a cone-shaped
ferrule, the wedge or cone-shap^ point being inserted into the but end of the knot or brifiiks
after being saturated with hot pitcn or other resinous substance, as specified.

No. 39,440.— Thomas J. Whitney, of Broad Axe, Montgomery county, Pa.— /mproMm««t
in' Railroad Car Brakes. — Patent dated August 4, 1863. — ^These brakes are automatic io
their action, and controlled by the momentum of the cars when brought into operation,
making the specific momentum of each car determine the force of the Drakes on its own
wheels. The buffer-rods run through the entire train, and the braking powoF is exerted npon



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 99 of 164)