United States. President (1901-1909 : Roosevelt).

Addresses and presidential messages of Theodore Roosevelt, 1902-1904; online

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Volunteer Cavalry, 53, 59;
Southern members of, 5

Fish, Hamilton, 423

Fitchburg, Mass., speech at,
September 2, 1902, 38

Flag, the, 5, 6

Flanders, 236

Foreign policy, 126, 127

Forestry, work of Government
in interest of, 149; Bureau of,

19s
Forests, should be preserved as
permanent sources of national
wealth, 193, 220, 221; preser-
vation of, 193-196, 307, 308,



369, 406; preservation of, in
California, 194; should be per-
petuated iDy use, 308 ; preser-
vation of, an imperative busi-
ness necessity, 308; sugges-
tions concerning care of, 308-
310; water supply depends on,
309; are natural reservoirs,
310; wild creatures should be
protected against slaughter,
369; reserves, demand for in
the West, 407 ; care of, should
be consolidated in Bureau of
Forestry, 407

Fortunes, private and corporate,
increase of, 12

France, 395, 396; pioneers of, in
America, 172; proposal to aid
French Panama Company,
428 ; recognition of Republic of
Panama, 460

Franchise Tax law of New York
State is in interest of proper-
tied classes as well as of people
as a whole, 240

Frankel, Lee K., 387

Frederick, Empress Dowager of
Germany, 345

Fredericksburg, battle of, 59

Free trade as a remedy for
trusts, 67—70

French Panama Canal Company,
359. 428



Game, protection of, 369

Garfield, James A., assassina-
tion of, 285

General Land Office, receipts
for 1903, 404

General Staff, bill creating, 160;
of immense importance and
benefit to Army, 161

Germany, 395, 396; attitude of,
regarding acquisition of South
American territory, 119;
claims of, against Venezuela,
119; death of Empress Dow-
ager Frederick, 345; recog-
nition of Republic of Panama,
460

Gibbons, Cardinal, 171

Gold standard, effect of Act of
March 14, 1900, 305

Gompers, Samuel, 275



472



INDEX



Good Roads, Convention, ad-
dress before, April 29, 1903,
167; good means of commu-
nication characteristic of civi-
lization, 168. See Roads.

Government, 161; should have
power of control over corpora-
tions, 9, 50, 70; admimstra-
tion of, must be fair and hon-
est, q; qualities needed in, 12;
division of power between
Nation and States, 15; action
of, can only supplement ini-
tiative of the individual, 18;
action of, can only secure an
opportunity to each individ-
"ual, 18 ; will hold rich and poor
alike to obedience of laws, 64;
will deal justly with all men,
72; power over corporations
should be exercised with wis-
dom and restraint, 72; should
insiire to the country financial
stability, 76; stability and
future welfare of, depend upon
grade of citizenship turned out
toy public schools, 88; action
of, in interest of farmers, 148;
work of, in interest of forestry,
149; has small field for work
in labor matters, 152; Amer-
ican, is one of liberty by,
through, and under the law,
an, 238; American, is not,
:and never shall be, govern-
ment of plutocracy or of mob,
211, 215; a healthy repub-
lican, must rest upon individ-
uals, 234; fate of, depends
upon people as a whole, 254;
xeceipts and expenditures, 305 ,
384; no objection to em-
ployees constittiting them-
selves into a union, 374

Grace Memorial Reformed
Church, Washington, D. C,
225

Grant, Ulysses S., 38, 42, loi,
162, 164, 250

Great Britain, 39s, 396; Roman
roads in, 167; Newfoundland
reciprocity treaty, 358; recog-
nition of Republic of Panama,
460

Great Northern Railway, 135

Greece, 236; results of expan-



sion of United States con-
trasted with, 174-176
Greene, Francis v., 246
Greene, Gen. George Sears, 246

H

Hague, The, peace conference
at, 321; Hague, The, Perma-
nent Court of Arbitration,
claims against Venezuela, 120,
396; United States and Mex-
ico the first to use good offices
of, 120, 359

Hancock, Gen. Winfield S., 250

Hannahan, J. J., 52

Hanson, J. F., 271

Harrison, Benjamin, 29

Harvard University, 188

Haverhill, Mass., speech at,
August 26, 1902, 28

Hawaii, should be developed on
American lines, 314; cable
to, and the Philippines, 319,
360-362; fire claims, 359;
lighthouses in, 403; recom-
mendations concerning, 403

Hay-Herran treaty, 426, 429

Hay-Pauncefote treaty, 116,
320, 429

Herbert, Sir Michael, British
Ambassador, note to Marquis
of Lansdowne, November 13,
1902, 119

Higgins, Frank W., 232

Holy Name Society, 228

Homage of deeds better than
words, 162, 164, 190, 252

Home life source of highest
joys, 265

Homestead law, a notable in-
strument for good, 197

Honor, of Nation, at all times in
its own keeping, 28; of Na-
tion, depends upon public
conscience, 28

Hood, Gen. John B., 59

Howell, Clark, 269

Hubbard, Commander John,
438, 443 ; response of, to cable
from Navy Department, 442 ;
letter of November 5, 1903,
444-446; letter of November
8, 1903, 446-450; course of,
at Colon, 450-452

Humbert, King of Italy, 290



INDEX



473



Hmnphrey, Captain C. B., 438,

439
Hynes, Thomas W., 387
Hysterics, an undesirable qual-
ity in both Nation and indi-
vidual, 20, 46

I

Immigration, laws,wage workers
should be protected by, 298;
discussed, 301—302; steam-
ship companies should be
held to strict accountability
for infraction of laws, 302;
need of a proper law, 355;
discussion of needs concern-
ing, 387; improvement of ser-
vice at New York, 387; in-
vestigation of service at New
York, 387

Indians, snould now be treated
as individuals, not as mem-
bers of tribes, 336; results of
General Allotment Act, 336;
education of, should be ele-
mentary and largely indus-
trial, 337; ration system
highly detrimental to, 337;
number of agencies should be
reduced, 337; should be pre-
served from evils resulting
from Uquor traffic, 337;
should ultimately be alDSorbed
into body of people, 371;
schools, importance of work
of, 372; development of, 372 ;
personnel of agencies should
not be dependent on partisan
politics, 408; need of educa-
tion in Indian Territory, 408

Individual initiative, faculty of,
should be kept unimpaired in
fraternal organization, 56

Industrial Commission, report
of, 132

Interior Department, receipts of
General Land Office for 1903,
404

Interstate Commerce, safety ap-
pliance law, 153; authority of
Congress to regulate, 350

Interstate Commerce Act, 297;
lessons drawn from results of
its enforcement, 306; defects
of, 306; should be amended,
307



Interstate Commerce Commis-
sion, 380

Introduction, v.

Irrigation, 197, 206—209, 222,
223; Act, 197; importance of,
to California, 196; as import-
ant to stockman as to agri-
culturist, 220; provision for,
properly a national function,
310; beneficial results of, 311-
312 ; necessity for better laws,
313; nationally-aided, import-
ance of, 369; fund for, 404;
progress of, 405-406; Re-
clamation Service, 405; im-
portance of preservation of
forests, 406

Isthmian Canal, 6, 116, 359-360,
413-463; importance of, 320;
Clayton-Bulwer treaty, abro-
gation of, 320; Hay-Paunce-
fote treaty, 320, 429; nego-
tiations with Colombia, 359;
work should be conducted
without regard to change of
administration, 360; treaty
with Colombia, 413, 417, 426,
429-43 1 ; treaty with Panama,
414, 425-426; purpose of law
of June 28, 1902, 414; treaty
with New Granada, 414; his-
tory of relations of United
States to, 414-423; statement
by Secretary Cass, of position
of United States, 415, 428;
position of Secretary Seward
on, 416; opinion of Attorney-
General Speed, 416; planned
for four hundred years, 416;
United States has done its
duty in letter and in spirit,
417; repudiation of treaty by
Colombia, 417; revolution in
Panama, 418, 435-438, 442-
453, 460; telegram to Vice-
Consul General Ehrman, at
Panama, 418; recognition of
de facto government of Pan-
ama, 418; telegram to Minis-
ter Beaupr^, at Bogota, 419;
list of disturbances on Isth-
mus since 1846, 419-421; Co-
lombia's inability to keep
order on Isthmus, 422; efforts
of United States to keep
transit open, 422; Colombia s



474



INDEX



Isthmian Canal, — Continued
request for aid in preserving
sovereignty, 422; importance
to United States of control of
transit, 423; performance of
treaty obligations by United
States, 423 ; must be built by
United States, 425; treaty
offered by Nicaragua, 425;
treaty offered by Costa Rica,
425; Hay-Herran treaty, 426,
429. 430. 4S5. 4S7; Message to
Congress, January 4, 1904,
427; record of action talcen
in executing Canal Act, 427;
proposal of France to aid
French Panama Canal Com-
pany, 428; unanimity of ac-
tion in Panama, 43 1 ; warn-
ings to Colombia, 433; fore-
casts of Panama revolution,
435-438; quotations from
Washington Post, 435, 436,
437; quotation from New
York Herald, 436; quotation
from New York Times, 43 7 ;
imminence of Panama revo-
lution notorious, 438; report
of Capt. Humphrey and Lieut.
Murphy, 439; directions to
Navy Department, 440; or-
ders of Navy Department,
440; telegrams from and to
Secretary of Navy, 440-442;
response of Commander Hub-
bard to cable from Navy De-
partment, 442; Associated
Press bulletin announcing re-
volutionary outbreak, 442 ;
cable from State Department,
442 ; cable from consul at
Colon, 443; landing of force
to protect American citizens,
443 ; Colombian threats against
American citizens, 443 ; letter
of Commander Hubbard, No-
vember 5, 1903, 444-446; let-
ter of Commander Hubbard,
November 8, 1903, 446-450;
course of Commander Hub-
bard at Colon, 450-452; quo-
tation from New York Eve-
ning Post, 451 ; prevention by
United States of bloodshed,
452; peace secured by action
of United States, 452; no



ground for insinuations of
United States' complicity in
revolution, 452-453; recogni-
tion of independence of Pan-
ama justifiable, 453 ; Colom-
bia's requests to other govern-
ments to intervene, 455-456;
intention of Colombia to con-
fiscate canal property, 457—
458 ; resolution of second Pan-
American Conference, 459;
recognition of Panama by
other nations, 460; Panama
justified in separating from
Colombia, 460 ; interference in
Cuba compared with that in
Panama, 460-46 1 ; instruction
of President John Quincy
Adams to Minister to Colom-
bia, 462
Italy, 236, 395, 396, 4^3; Roman
roads in, 167; recognition of
Republic of Panama, 460



Jackson, Andrew, loi

Japan, recognition of Republic

of Panama, 460
Jay, John, 173

Jefferson, Thomas, loi, 179, 376
Jenkins, Major Micah J., 5, 59
Jeshunm, 11

}ett6, Sir Louis Amable, 393
ohnson, Walter H., 271
Jones, Judge Thomas G., 272
ordan, David Starr, 188
Justice, Department of, enforce-
ment of anti-trust law, 351,
389. See Knox, P. C.

K

Keams, Thomas, 217

Kearsarge, U. S. S., 228

Kentucky monument at Chicka-
mauga, inscription on, 60

Knox, P. C, 26, 98, 133, 134,
163; prosecution of railroads
of Middle West, 125; adminis-
tration of law by, 134-137;
suit against Northern Securi-
ties Company, 13 5; injunction
against packing-house com-
panies, i36;injunction against
Federal Salt Company, 137;



INDEX



475



Knox, — Continued

proceedings against Southern
railroads in interest of cotton
shippers, 136

L

Labor, employer and employee
should show regard for rights
of each other and of the pub-
lic, 84; well-being of farmer
and wage worker is well-being
of the State, 147; combina-
tions of, necessary for success,
150; laws for regulation and
protection of, 151; better Tin-
derstanding should be secured
between employer and em-
ployee, 151; and capital, arbi-
tration between, 152; legisla-
tion, action of Congress neces-
sarily limited, 133 ; employers'
hability law recommended,
^53. 374; discussion of, 298-
300; should be protected
by tariff and immigration
laws, 2q8 ; legislation recom-
mended, 298 — 299; Chinese
Exclusion Act should be re-
enacted, 299; convict con-
tract, should not compete in
open labor market, 299; en-
forcement of eight-hour law
advocated, 299; women and
children should be protected
from excessive hours and un-
sanitary conditions, 299. See
Capital and labor.

Labor Day, 232

Labor unions, worth of, de-
pends upon their conduct, 54;
and the public service, 273—
276; no objection to employees
of Government Printing Office
constituting themselves into,
274; cannot be permitted to
override laws of United States,
274; quotation from report of
Anthracite Coal Strike Com-
mission , 274-275; interview
with Executive Council of
American Federation of La-
bor, 275—276; good accom-
plished by, joo; importance
of, 383 ; policy of National
Government regarding, 384.
See Combinations.



Land Office, General, receipts
for, 1903, 404

Lands, public. See PubHc lands.

Lawlessness, encouraged by
lynching, 279; spirit of, grows
with what it feeds on, 280

Laws, must be wise, sane, and
healthy, 9; mtist not be ad-
ministered in interest of a
class, 9, 276; can only give op-
portunity for prosperity, 11,
^3. 75. 94i 166; existing anti-
trust, will be fully enforced,
18, 26, 64, 138, 211, 214, 351,
389 ; requirement of obedience
to, a safeguard to all men, 22,
65; obedience to, will be re-
quired of all, 64, 73, 239;
cannot create industrial well-
being, 75; should be admin-
istered in interest of law-
abiding man, rich or poor,
138, 214; regulating corpora-
tions, will be enforced without
rancor, hysteria, etc., 138; the
law no respecter of persons,
214; to be enforced against
any man, rich or poor, who
violates them, 214; the same
for rich and poor, for great
and small, 239; no man above
the law and no man below it,
244 ; of United States, enacted
for benefit of the whole
people, 276; of United States,
must not be construed as per-
mitting discrimination, 276;
immigration, 298, 302, 355.
See Legislation.

Lee, Gen. Robert E., 245

Legislation, class, must be
avoided, 1 6 ; additional, should
be had concerning trusts, 18;
should proceed by evolution,
not revolution, 45, 63; radical
and extreme, should be
avoided, 138; labor, action of
Congress necessarily limited,
153; to be permanently good
for any class, must also be
good for Nation as a whole,
240; which does injustice to
any class, works harm to Na-
tion, 240

Leland, Stanford Jr. , University,
speech at. May 12, 1903, 188



4;6



INDEX



Lewis and Clark Centennial
Exposition, 402

Libraries, public, 339-340

Library of Congress, 340

Life, to be worth living, must be
of active and hard work, 229;
prime aim of, should be doing
of duty, 241

Lincoln, Abraham, 38, 92, loi,
162, 164, 188, 23s, 24s, 251;
practical methods of, 164;
monument, Springfield, 111. ,
224; assassination of, 285

Lodge, H. C, 393

Logan, Gen. John A., 250

Logansport, Ind., speech at,
September 23, 1902, 74

Loomis, Francis B., 442.

Louisiana, early possessors of,
172.

Louisiana Purchase, 173; Ex-
position, speech at dedication
ceremonies, 172; influence of,
on character of our national
life, 173; development of,
176-178; Exposition, should
have cordial national sup-
port, 337, 401; greatest in-
stance of expansion in our
history, 338; first great step
in our expansion, 401

Lynching, growth of, cause for

S -a vest alarm, 277; letter to
ovemor Durbin in relation
to, 277-281; degrading effect
of, on participants, 279; en-
courages lawlessness, 279; all
public men should unite to
denounce, 280

M

Maguire, M. W., S7

Malmros, Oscar, 443

Manchuria, 400

Manila, 29, 324

Massachusetts, corporation laws
of, excellent, 25

McClellan, Gen. George B., 250

McCook, Col. John J., 181

Mcllhenny, John, 272

McKinley, William, 29, 92, 155,
203; results of policies cham-
pioned by, 94; pledges of 1896
have been well kept, 94;



policies for which he stood
have justified themselves, 95 ;
quotations from, 96, 154, 397;
speech at banquet in honor of
birthday of, January 27, 1903,
100; stands as embodiment of
the triumphant effort of his
generation, 100; was in the
fullest sense President of aU
the people, 103; assassination
of, 285-291; qualities of, 286;
expressions of grief at death
of, from Great Britain, 345
McMillin, Benton, 52, 58
Meade, Gen. George Gordon, 2J0
Meagher, Gen. Thomas Franas,

59

Merchant Marine, immediate re-
medial action needed, 3 04 ; an
auxiliary force for the Navy,
304; subsidies discussed, 304;
commission recommended,
386; our service should equal
the best, 386

Merit system. See Civil service.

Messages to Congress, Annual,
1 90 1, I St Session, S7th Con-
gress, 285; same, quotations
from, 131; Annual, 1902, 2d
Session, 57th Congress, 346;
Cuban reciprocity, ist Ses-
sion, 58th Congress, 377; An-
nual, 1903, 2d Session, 58th
Congress, 380; Isthmian
Canal, 2d Session, 58th Con-
gress, 427

Methodist Church has attained
its greatest development on
American Continent, 109

Mexico, 395, 396; Weil and La
Abra awards, 345

Military Academy. See West
Point.

Militia, bill, 160; reorganization
of system recommended, 365.
See National Guard.

Miller, William A., case of, 273-
276; reinstatement of, di-
rected, 274; interview with
Executive Council of Ameri-
can Federation of Labor, rela-
tive to case of, 275-276

Milwaukee, Wis., speech at,
April 3, 1903, 128

Minneapolis, Minn., speech at,
April 4, 1903, 140



INDEX



477



Minnesota State Fair, quotation
from speech at, 130

Minnesota Thirteenth Volunteer
Regiment, 154

Missionaries, duties of, 256-261

Mitchell, John, 275

Mob violence, incompatible with
orderly liberty under the law,
277 ; simply one form of an-
archy, 277; hideous forms
often taken by, 277

Monroe Doctrine, 126, 412; a
cardinal feature of our for-
eign policy, lis, 3661 dis-
cussion of, 1 1 5-1 23; note to
Dr. Von Holleben, German
Ambassador, 118; definition
of, 118; note of Sir Michael
Herbert, British Ambassador,
to Marquis of Lansdowne, No-
vember 13, 1902, iig; is not
international law, 121; will be
kept effective by an efficient
Navy, 121; should be cardinal
feature of foreign pohcy of all
nations of the two Americas,
321; quoted, 321-J22; a
guaranty of commercial inde-
pendence of Americas, 322;
American people will abide by
and insist upon, 324

Monroe, James, 321

Moody, W. H., 28, 31, 153

Morrison, Frank, 275

Mount Vernon, 376

Miu-der and rape should be
swiftly pimished by legal
means, 278

Murphy, Franklin, 245, 246

Murpiiy, Lieut. Grayson Mallet-
Prevost, 438, 439

N

Nation, the, what it has done for
Cuba, 6; has kept its word
and done its duty in Cuba,
7 ; problems can be solved only
if approached in right spirit,
8; action of, can onl}r secure
opportunity to each individ-
ual, 18; its honor is at all
times in its own keeping, 28;
honor of, depends upon the
public conscience, 28; stabil-
ity and future welfare of, de-



pend upon grade of citizen-
ship turned out by public
schools, 88; should not be
guilty of boasting, 121, 125;
should submit to no injury by
the strong and inflict no in-
jury on the weak, 125; foreign
policy of, 126-127; cannot
afford, by any freak of folly,
to forfeit its present indus-
trial position, 146; well-being
of farmer and wage worker is
well-being of State 147, 232,
373; vastly benefited by An-
thracite Coal Strike Commis-
sion, 152 ; illustrious memories
of, no excuse for shirking
present problems, 162; ex-
pansion of , 168, 173, 174-176;
worst enemy of, he who tries
to set section against section,
creed against creed, or class
against class, 214; is aggre-
gate of families within its
borders, 253; welfare of, rests
upon qualities of individual,
291; desires self-respecting
peace with all others, 321

National Guard, 160, 411; duty
of Nation and States to help,
161 ; suggestions for improve-
ment of, 332 - 333 ; importance
of securing efficiency of, 365

National Museum, 339, 374

National Zoological Park, 339

Naturalization, investigation of
subject, 387; frauds, 387-389;
United States Supreme Court
quoted, 387 ; suggestions of
Federal grand jury in New
York, 389

Naval Academy. See Annap-
ohs.

Naval Militia should have na-
tional encouragement, 328

Naval Reserve, national, should
be provided, 328

Navy, the, 28, 161, 253; entire
country vitally interested in,
28; when efficient, is best
guaranty of peace, 28, 323,
366; services of, in national
crises, 28; fighting of, in War
of 181 2 and Spanish War,
done by ships built long in ad-
vance, 29; should be provided



478



INDEX



Navy, — Continiied

and trained long in advance,
2g; quality of enlisted men of,
2g; cannot be improvised at
outbreak of war, 30, 122, 324;
should be perfected in time of
peace, 30 ; work of building-up
must go on without ceasing,
3i> 323> ?>^i< 412; must be
used up in active service even
in time of peace, 3 1 ; should be
kept in condition of prepared-
ness and efficiency, 8j, 125;
so long as efficient, will keep
Monroe Doctriiie effective, 121;
improvement of, 122; em-
ployers' liability law recom-
mended for navy yards, 153;
party lines should not be con-
sidered in dealing with, i6i;
should be thorou^^hly trained
and of adequate size, 323 ; im-
provement of, since 1882, 324-
325; additional ships, officers,
and men needed, 326; mid-
shipman, title should be re-
stored, 326; gunnery practice
should be unceasing, 327, 365 ;
beneficial work of General
Board, 328; Naval Militia
should have national encour-
agement, 328; National Naval
Reserve should be provided,
328; Admiral of, 365; neces-
sity of ample funds for prac-
tice with great guns, 365; im-
portance of efficiency of per-
sonnel, 366; need for naval
base in Philippines, 413;
Naval General Staff desirable,

413

Nebraska, improvement m pros-
perity of, 163

Negro, "A man who is good
enough to shed his blood for
the country is good enough to
be given a square deal," 224;
appointments, 266-273; door
of opportunity not to be shut
upon any man purely on ac-
count of his race or color, 268 ;
domination, question of, dis-
cussed, 268, 271

Netherlands, The, 395, 396

Nevada, importance to, of irri-
gation, 206; holds greatest



proportion of vacant public
lands, 207

Newell, F. H., 405

Newfoundland, reciprocity
treaty with Great Britain re-
garding, 358

New Granada, canal treaty with,
414

New Jersey, monument to troops
of, at Antietam, 245

New Orleans, 172

New York, speech at banquet of
Chamber of Commerce of
State of New York, November
II, 1902, 82; speech at Car-
negie Hall, February 26, 1903,
109

New York State Agricultural
Association, 232

Nicaragua, 425; recognition of
Republic of Panama, 460

North and South, reunion of, 4

Northern Pacific Rai' way, 135

Northern Securities Company,
suit against, 135

Northwest, share of, in Civil and
Spanish Wars, 154

Norway and Sweden, 395, 396;
recognition of Republic of
Panama, 460

O

O'Connell, James, 275

Omaha, Neb., speech at, April

27, 1903, 162
O'Neil, Capt. William O., 59
Organization, one of the laws of

our present development, 54;

worth of an, depends upon its

conduct, 54
Organizations, labor. See La-
bor unions.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., remarks to

Holy Name Society, August

16, 1903, 228



Pacific cable, 319, 360-362
Packing-house companies, in-
junction against, 136
Page, Thomas Nelson, 272
Palma, T. Estrada, President of

Cuba, 141
Palmer, F. W., 273, 274, 275



INDEX



479



Palo Alto, Cal., speech at, May
12, 1903, 188

Panama, Isthmus of, 6; Canal
treaty with, 414, 425—426;
revolution in, 418, 435-438,
442-45^, 460; recognition of
Republic of, 460. S^e Isthmian
Canal.

Pan-American Congress at Mex-
ico, 344

Pan-American Exposition, 285,

„ 338-339

Pan-American Missionary Ser-
vice, Washington, D. C., 256

Party spirit, should be second to
patriotism, 76

Party system, proper aim of, is
to serve public good, 76

Patents to foreigners, 407

Peace, the voice of the just man
armed is potent, 83; Nation
desires self-respecting peace
with all others, 321, 323;
conference at The liague, 321;
a good Navy the surest guar-
anty of, 28, 323, 366

Peckham, Rufus W., 397

Pensions, 409

People, earn more and live bet-
ter than ever before, 13;
should proceed by evolution
rather than revolution, 45, 63 ;
should not accept less than
the possible, nor attempt the
impossible, 45; are in habit of
facing issues squarely, not
shirking them, 98; a, forfeits
its right to greatness if it
shirks any work because it is
difficult and responsible, 202;
American, skilled in and fitted
for self-government, 236;
American, slow to wrath, 291

Pershing, Captain John J., 412

Peru, 423 ; recognition of Repub-
lic of Panama, 460

Philadelphia, Pa., speech at
High School, November 22,



Online LibraryUnited States. President (1901-1909 : Roosevelt)Addresses and presidential messages of Theodore Roosevelt, 1902-1904; → online text (page 36 of 37)