United States. President.

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I feel also great satisfaction in learning that the
other subjects which I have communicated or recom-
mended, will meet with due attention ; that you are
deeply impressed with the importance of an effectual
organization of the militia ; and that the army under
the command of General Wayne, is regarded by you,
no less than myself, as a proof of the perseverance,
prowess and superiority of our troops^

G. WASHINGTON.



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FOURTH CONGRESS— FIRST SESSION.



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rHE PRESIDENTS SPEECH.

FELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE SENATE, AND

OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

I TRUST I do not deceive myself, vsrhile I in-
dulge the persuasion that I have never met you at
any period when, more than at the present, the situa-
tion of our public affairs has afforded just cause for
mutual congratulation,, and for inviting you to join
with me in profound gratitude to the Author of all
good, for the numerous and extraordinary blessings
we enjoy.

The termination of the long, expensive and dis-
tressing war, in which we have been engaged with
Certain Indians, north-west of the Ohio, is placed
in the option of the United States, by a treaty, which
the commander of bur army has concluded provi-
sionally with the hostile tribes in that region.

In the adjustment of the terms, the satisfaction of
the Indians was deemed an object worthy no less of
the. policy than of the liberality of the United States,
as the necessary basis of durable tranquility. This
object, it is believed, has been fully attained. The
articles agreed upon will immediately be laid before
the Senate, for their consideration.

The Creek and Cherokee Indians, who alone of
the southern tribes had annoyed our frontiers, have
lately confirmed their pre-existing treaties with us,
and were giving evidence of a sincere disposition to
carry them into effect, by tlie surrender of the pri-
soners and property they had taken. But we have
to lament, that the fair prospect in this quarter has
been once more clouded by wanton murders, vihich
some citizens of Georgia are represented to have re-



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•ently perpetrated on hunting parties of the Creeks ;
which have again subjected that>frontier to dis -
quietude and danger ; which will be productive of
further expence, and may occasion more eiFusion of
blood. Measures are pursuing to prevent or miti-
gate the usual consequences of such outrages, and
with the hope of their succeeding, at least to avert
general hostility.

A letter from the Emperor of Morocco announces
to me his recognition of our Treaty, made with his
father the late Emperor ; and, consequently, the
continuance of peace with that power. With pecu-
liar satisfaction I add, that information has been
received from an Agent deputed on our part to Al-
giers, importing that the terms of the Treaty with
the Dey and Regency of that country had been
adjusted in such a manner, as to authorise the ex-
pectation of a speedy peace, and the restoration of
our unifortunate fellow-citizens, from a grievous
captivity.

The latest advices from our Envoy at the court
of Madrid, give, nioreover, the pleasing information,
that he had received assurances of a speedy and
satisfactory conclusion of his negociation. While
the event depending upon unadjusted particulars,
cannot be regarded as ascertained, it is agreeable to
cherish the expectation of an issue, which, securing
amicably very essential interests of the United States,
will at the same time, lay the foundation of lasting
harmony with a power whose friendship we have
uniformly and sincerely desired to cultivate.

Though not before officially disclosed to the
House- of Representatives, you, gentlemen, are all
apprized, that a Treaty of Amity, Commerce and
>javigation, has be^n negociated with Great Britain,
' and that the Senate have advised and consented to
its ratification, upon a condition which excepts pait
©f one article. Agreeably thereto, and to the best



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judgment I was abk to form of the public intei^stt
after full and mature deliberation, I have acided my
sanction. The result on the part of his Britannic
JVlajesty is unknown. When received, the subject
will, without delay, be placed before Congress.

This interesting summary of our aftkirs, with
regard to the foreign powers, between whom and
the United States controversies have subsisted ;
and with regard also to those of our Indian neighbors
with whom we have been in a state of enmity or
misunderstanding, opens a wide field for consoling
and gratifying reflections. If by prudence and
moderation on every side, the extinguishment of all
the causes of external discord, which have heretofore
menaced our tranquility, on terms compatible with
our national rights and honor, shall be the happy
result ; how firm and how precious a foundation will
have been laid for accelerating, maturing and estab-
lishing the prosperity of our country.

Contemplating the internal situation, as well as
the external relations of the United States, we dis-
cover equal cause for contentment and satisfaction.
While many of the nations of Europe, with their
American dependencies, have been involved in a
contest unusually bloody, exhausting and calamitous :
in which the evils of foreign war have been ag-
gravated by domestic convulsion and insurrection ;-
in which many of the arts most useful to society
have been exposed to discouragement and decay ; in
which scarcity of subsistence has embittered other
sufferings ; while even the anticipations of a retuni
of the blessings of peace and repose, are alloyed by
the sense of heavy and accumulating burthens, which
press upon all the departments of industry, and
threaten to clog the future springs of government ;
our favored country, happy in a striking contrast,
has enjoyed general tranquility ; a tranquility the
more satisHictory., because maintained at the expense



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of no duty* Faithful to ourselves, we havjs violated
no obligation to others. Our agriculture, commerce
and manufactures prosper beyond former example ;
the molestations of our trade (to prevent a continu-
ance of which, however, very pointed remonstrances
have been made) being overbalanced by the aggre-
gate benefits which it derives from a neutral position.
Our population advances with a celerity which, ex-
ceeding the most sanguine calculations, proporti-
onally augments our strength and resources, and
guarantees our future security. Every part of the
Union displays indications of rapid and various im-
provement, and with burthens so light as scarcely to
be perceived ; with resources fully adequate to our
present exigencies ; with governments founded on
the genuine principles of r.aional liberty, and with
mild and wholesome laws; — is it too much to say,
that our country exhibits a spectacle of national
happiness never surpassed, if ever before equalled.

Placed in a situation every way so auspicious,
motives of commanding force impel us, with sincere
^acknowledgment to Heaven, and pure love to our
country, to unite our efforts to preserve, prolong and
improve, our immense advantages* To co-operate
v/ith you in this desirable work, is a fervent and
favorite wish of my heart.

It is a valuable ingredient, in the general estimate
of our welfLU'c, that the part of our country, which
was lately the scene of disorder and insurrection, now
enjoys the blessings of quiet and order. The misled
have abandoned their errors, and pay the respect to
our constitution and laws which is due from good
citizens to the public authorities of the society.
These circumstances have induced me to pardon^
generally, the offenders here referred to ; and to
extend forgiveness to those who had been adjudged
to capital punishment. For though I shall always
think it a sacred duty, to exercise with firmness

M



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and energy the constitutional powers with which I
am vested; yet ici appears to me no less consistent
with the public good, than it is with my personal
feelings, to mingle in the operations of government
every degree of nioderation and tenderness which
the national justice, dignity and safety may permit.

GENTLEMEN,

Among the objects which will claim your attention
in the course of the session, ti review of our militarv
establishment is not the least important. It is callecj
for by the events which have changed, and may be
expected still further to change the relative situation
of our frontiers. In this review, you will doubtless
allow due weight tc the consideration, that the
questions between us and certain foreign powers
are not yet finally adjusted ; that the war in Europe
is not yet terminated ; and that our Western Posts,
when recovered, will demand provision for garrison-
ing and securing them. A statement of our present
military force will be laid before you by the depart-
ment of war.

With the review of our army establishment is
naturally connected that of the militia. It will merit
inquiry, what imperfections in the existing f)lan,
further experience may have unfolded. The subject
is of so much moment in my estimation, as to excite
a constant solicitude, that the consideration of it may
be renewed, till the greatest attainable perfection
shall be accomplished. Time is wearing away some
advantages for forwarding the object, while none
better deserves the persevering attention of the public
coiuicils.

While we indulge the satisfaction, which the actual
condition of our western borders so VvcU authorizes,
it is necessary that we should not lose sight of an
important truth, which continually receives r,ew
confirmations, namely, that the provisions heretofore
made with a view to the protection of the Indians



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from the violences of the lawless part of onr frontier
inhabitants are insufficient. It is demonstrated that
these violences can now be perpetrated with im-
punity ; and it can need no argument to prove, that
unless the murdering of Indians can be restrained
by bringing the murderers to condign punishment,
all the exertions of the governmeht to present de-
structive retaliations by the Indians, will prove fruit-
less, and all our present agreeable prospects illusory.
The frequent destruction of innocent women and
children, who are chiefly the victims of retaliation,
must continue to shock humanity, and an enormous
expense, to drain the treasury of the Union.

To enforce upoii the Indians the observance of
justice, it is indispensable that there shall be com-
petent meansof rendering justice to them. If these
means can be devised by the wisdom of Congress; and
especially if there can be added an adequate provision
for supplying the necessities of the Indians, on rea-
sonable terms, ( a measure, the mention of which
I the more readily repeat, as in all the conferences
with them, they urge it with solicitude) I should not
hesitate to entertain a strong hope of rendering our
tranquility permanent. I add, with pleasure, that
the probability even of their civilization, is not dimi-
nished by the experiments which have been thus
far made, under the auspices of government. The
accomplishment of this work, if practicable, will
reflect undecaying lustre on our national character,
and administer the most grateful consolations thai
virtuous minds can know.

GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES,

The state of our revenue, with the sums which
have been borrowed and reimbursed, pursuant to dif-
ferent acts of Congress, will be submitted frpm the
proper departments 5 together with an estimate of



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the appropriations necessary to be made for the
service of the ensuing year. "^

Whether measures may not be adviseable to rein-
force th^- provision for the redemption of the public
debt, will riaturally engage your examination. Con-
gress liave demonstrated their sense to be, and it
were superfluous to repeat mine, that whatsoever will
tend to accelerate the honorable extinction of oar
public debt, accordb^ as much with the true interest of
our country as with the general sense of cur con-
stituents..

<;entlemen of the senai'x, and of the

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATTVES,

The statements which will be laid before you
relative to the mint, will shew the situation of that
institution ; and the necessity of some further legis-
lative provisions, for carr)dng the business of it more
completely into effect, and for checking abuses which
appear to be arising in particular quarters.

The progress in providing materials for the frigates^
and in building them ; the state of the fortifications
,of our harbours ; the measures which have been
pursued for obtaining proper scites for arsenals, and

. for replenishing our magazines with military stores ;
and the steps which have been taken towards the
.execution of the law for opening a trade with the
Indians, will likewise be presented for the infgr-
matioti of Congress.

Temperate discussion of the important subjects
which may arise in the course of the session j and
mutual forbearance where there is a difference of opi-
nion, are top obyious and necessary for the peace,
happiness and welfare of our country, to need any

' Recommendation of mine,

G. WASHINGTON,

l/fijle^ States ^ December 8, 1795,



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' ANSWER OF THE SENATE.

SIR,

IT is with peculiar satisfaction that we are in-
formed by your speech to the two Houses of Congress,
that the long and expensive w^ar, in which we have
been engaged with the Indians northwest of the Ohio,
is in a situation to be finally terminated ; and though
\ve view with concern the danger. of an interruption
of the peace so recently confirmed v/ith che Creeks,
w^e indulge the hope, that the measure you have
adopted to prevent the same, if followed by those
legislative provisions that justice and humanity equal-
ly demand, will succeed in laying the foundation of a
lasting peace with the Indian tribes, on the South -
ern as well as on the Western frontiers.

The confirmation of our treaty with Morocco, and
the adjustment of a tr<;aty of peace with Algiers^ in
consequence of which our captive fellow- citizens shall
be delivered from slavery, are events that will prove
no less interesting to the public humanity, than they
^.'ill be important i^n extending and securing the na-
vigation and commerce of our country.

As a just and equitable conclusion of our depend-
ing negociations with Spain will essentially advance
the interest of both nations, and thereby cherish and
confirm the good understanding and friendship which
we have at all times desired to maintain, it will af-
ford us real pleasure to receive an early confirmation
of our expectations on this subject.

The interesting prospect of our affairs with regard
to the foreign powers, between w^hom and the United
States controversies have subsisted, is not more satis-
factory, than the review of our internal situations ;
if from the former we derive an expectation of the ex-
tinguishment of all the causes of external discord,
that have heretofore endangered our tranquility, and
oil terms consistent with our national honor and safe-
ty ; in the latter we discover those numerous and



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wide spread tokens of prosperity, which in so pecu-
liar a manner distinguish our liappy country.

Circumstances thus every way auspicious, demand
our gratitude and sincere acknowledgment to Al-
iriighty God, and require that we should unite our
efforts in imitation of your enlightened, firm, and
persevering example, to establish and preserve the
peace, freedom, and prosperity of our country.

The objects which you have recommended to the
notice of the Legisl^iture, will, in the course of the
session, receive our careful attention ; and with
a true zeal for the public welfare, we shall cheer-
fully co-operate in every measure that shall appear to
us best calculated to promote the same.

JOHN ADAMS, Fice President of the United
States^ and President of the Senate.

December 12, 1795.



r//^ PRESIDENTS REPLY.

GENTLEMEN,

WITH real pleasure I receive your address^
recognizing the prosperous situation of our public .
affairs, and giving assurances of your careful atten-
tion to the objects demanding legislative considera-
tion ; and that with a true zeal for the public welfare,
you will cheerfully co-operate in every measure which
shall appear to you best calculated to promote the
same.

But I derive peculiar satisfaction from your con-
currence with me in the expressions of gratitude to
Almighty God, which a review of the auspicious
circumstances that distinguish our happy country
have excited ; and I trust that the sincerity of our
acknowledgments will be evinced by a union of ef-
forts to establish and preserve peace, freedom and
prosperity.

O. WASHINGTON.



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ANSWER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESEN^
TATIFES.

SIR,

AS the Representatives of the People of the
United States, we cannot but participate in the
strongest sensibility to every blessing which they
enjoy, and cheerfully join with you in profound gra-
titude to the Author of all good, for the numerous
and extraordinary blessings w hich he has conferred on
our favored country.

A final and formal termination of the distressing
w^ar which has ravaged our north-western frontier,
will be an event which must afford a satisfaction pro-
portioned to the anxiety with which it has long been
sought ; and in the adjustment of the terms, we per-
ceive the true policy of making them satisfactory to
the Indians, as well as to the United States, as the
best basis of a durable tranquility. The disposition
of such of the southern tribes, as had also heretofore
annoyed our frontier, is another prospect in our situ-
ation so important to the interest and happiness of
the United States, that it is much to be lamented that
any clouds should be thrown over it, more especially
by excesses on the part of our own citizens.

While our population is advancing with a celerity
which exceeds the most sang^nne calculations — while
every part of the United States displays indications of
rapid and various improvements — while we are in the
enjoyment of protection and security, Ly mild and
wholesome laws, administered by governments found-
ed on the genuine principles of rational liberty, a se-
cure foundation will be laid for accelerating, matur-
ing, and establishing the prosperity of our country,
if, by treaty and amicable ne^ociation, all those
causes of external discord which heretofore menaced
our tranquility shall be extinguished on terms com-
patible with our national rights and honor, and with
our constitutional and great commercial interests.



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Among tlie various circumstances in our Internal
situation, none can be viewed with more satisfaction
and exultation, than that the late scene of disorder
and insurrection has been completely restored to the
enjoyment of order and repose. Such a triumph of
reason and of law, is worthy of the free government
under which it happened, and was justly to be hoped
from the enlightened and patriotic spirit which per-
vades and actuates the people of the United States.

In contemplating that spectacle of national happi*
ness which our country exjiibits, and of which, you.
Sir,, have been pleased to make an interesting sum-
mary, permit us to acknowledge and declare the ve-
ry great share which your zealous and faithful services
have contributed to it, and to express the affection-
ate attachment which we feel for your character.

The several interesting subjects which you recom-
mend to our consideration will receive every degree
of attention which is due to them: and whilst we feel
the obligation of temperarce and mutual indulgence
in all our discussions, we trust end pray that the result
to the happiness and welfare of our country may cor-
respond v» ith the pure affection we bear to it.

THE PRESIDENTS REPLY.

GENTLEMEN,

COMING as you do from all parts of the United
States, I receive great satisfaction from the concur-
rence of your testimony in the justness of the inter-
esting summary of our national happiness, which, as
the re3ult of my inquiries, I presented to your view.
The sentiments We have mutually expressed of pro-
found gratitude to the source of those numerous bles-
sings, the Author of all good, are pledges of our ob-
ligations to unite our sincere and zealous endeavors,
as the instruments of Divine Providence, to preserve
and perpetuate them.



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Accept, gehtlemen, my thanks for yoiir declara-
tion, that to my agency you ascribe the enjoyment of
a great share of these benefits. So far as my services
contribute to the happiness of my country, the ac-
knowledgment thereof by my fellow-eitizens, and
their aflfectionate attachment, will ever prove an
abundant reward;

G. WASHINGTON;



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FOURTH CONGRESS— SECOND SESSION.

THE PRESIDENTS SPEECH.

fELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE SENATE, AND OF THJ5
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

IN recurring to the internal situation of our coun-
try, since I had last the pleasure to address you, I
find ample reason for a renewed expression of that
gratitude to the Ruler of the universe, whigh a con-
tinued series of prosperity has s<^©ft/n'and so justly
called forth.

The acts of the last session, which required spe-
cial arrangements^ave been, as far as circumstan-
ces would admit, carried into operation.

Measures calculated to insure a continuance of. the
friendship of the Indians, and to preserve peace along
the extent of our interior frontiers, have been digest-
ed and adopted. In the framing of these, care has
been taken to guard, on one hand, our advanced set-
tlements from the predatory incursions of tliose un«
ruly individuals, who cannot be restrained by their
tribes ; and on the other hand, to protect the rights
secured to the Indians by treaty ; to draw them near.
er to the civilized state ; and inspire them with
correct conceptions of the power, as well as justice
of the government.

I'he meeting of the deputies from the Creek nation
at Coleraine, in the state of Georgia, which had for a
rincipal object the purchase of a parcel of their land
y that State, broke up without its being accomplish-
ed ; the nation having, previous to their departure, in-
structed them against making any sale: The occasion,
however, has been improved, to confirm by a new trea-
ty with the Creeks, their pre-existing engagements
with the U, States ; and to obtain their consent to the



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establishment of trading houses^ and military posts
within their boundaries ; by means of which their
friendship and the general peace may be more effec-
tually secured.

The period during the late session at which the
appropriation was past, for carrying into eflFect the
Treaty of Amity, Commerce & Navigation, between
the United States and his Britannic Majesty, neces-
sarily procrastinated the reception of the post<)
stipulated to be delivered, beyond the date assigned
for that event. As soon, however, as the Governor
General of Canada could be addressed with propriety
on the subject, arrangements were cordially and
promptly concluded for their evacuation, and the
United States took possession . of the principal ©f
them, comprehending Oswego, Niagara, Detroit,
Michilimakinac, and r ort Miami, where such repairs
and additions have been ordered to be piade, as ap*
peared indispensible.

The Commissioners appointed on the part of the
United States and of Great Britain, tp determine
which is the river St. Croix, mentioned in th<5 treaty
of peace of 1783, agreed in the choice of Egbert
Benson, esq. of New- York, for the 3d commissioner.
The whole met at St. Andrews, in Passamaquody
bay, in the beginning of October, arid directed sur-
veys to be made of the rivers in dispute ; but
deeming it impracticable to have these surveys com-
pleted before the next year, they adjourned to meet
at Boston in August 1797, for the final decision of
the question.

Other Commissioners appointed on the part of the
United States, agreeably to the 7th article of the
treaty with Great Britain, relative to captures and
condemnation of vessels and other property, met the
commissioners of his Britannic Majesty in London,
in August last, when John Trumbull, esq. was chosen


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Online LibraryUnited States. PresidentAddresses of the successive presidents to both houses of Congress, at the ... → online text (page 7 of 20)