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LI. S, II



UTAH ROCKIES



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University of California Berkeley




Colorado and
h Rockies




Colorado and
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UNITED STATES RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION

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UNITED STATES RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION




America's Playground for Americans

AN APPRECIATION OF

Colorado and Utah

By EDWIN L. SABIN, Author of "Kit Carson Days," "Buffalo Bill and the Overland Trail," etc.
Written Especially for the United States Railroad Administration

~~ ENTRALLY located in the United States, between the Missouri River and the
Pacific Coast, there lies the greatest playground in the world. Here, occupying
the western half of Colorado and two-thirds of Utah adjoining, the Rocky Moun-
tains, enthroned above piny valley, high desert, mesa and plateau, extend over a
space approximately 300 miles wide by 400 miles long.
It is an outdoor region such as no other nation possesses: the deepest canyons in the
world traversed by railroads; the highest passes in the world crossed by standard tracks; the
highest summits in the world reached by rails; the highest points in the world attained by
automobiles; the world's largest Dead Sea, as old as the wonder in Palestine; a railroad line
across the sea itself, and another resting for thirty miles upon a bed of dazzling salt; the shores
of the world's vastest dry basin, once lapped by a Dead Sea still larger; a colorful, enchanted
desert broken by the pinnacles and canyons of the Green and the Colorado; lakes innumerable,
out-rivaling with their charms a Lucerne and a Constance ; watering-places uncounted, including
the most potent radium springs in the world and luxurious pools of warm sulphur water with
the feel of velvet; ruins that puzzle history, the relics of a forgotten people; two National
Parks, six National Monuments, and phenomena of lava, ashes, glaciers, boiling mud and
sculptured cliffs; hundreds of miles of granite-surfaced highways, comfortable, safe and spec-
tacular; a thousand summer hotels, lodges, cottage resorts, ranch resorts and camp sites,
catering solely to pleasure; millions of trout in the streams and lakes, wild game, large and
small, in their coverts, and bright flowers from meadow up to snow line; 13,000,000 acres of
National Forest in Colorado, 7,500,000 acres in Utah, policed, trail-marked, their wood, water
and camp privileges free to the American people.

Its portals are only thirty hours from Chicago. Some seven lines of railroad lead to it from
East and South; half a dozen penetrate it Pullmans and observation cars cross it at elevations
of 10,000, 1 1 ,000 feet. To its guests awheel, ahorse or afoot it is kindly. The air is thin, dry,
crystalline, invigorating body and mind. The sky throughout summer and fall is blue and
cloudless, except for brief thunder storms of ;rare grandeur. Firewood and pure cold water are
abundant. Staple supplies are directly obtainable. There is no dank underbrush upon the
hills; there are no poisonous reptiles to be ^ared, no stinging plants in guise of oak and ivy, no
mosquitoes by night. The mountain climbing is satiating to the expert, yet adapted to the
amateur. The variety in scene, pastime and research never palls. It is unique, intrinsic, of
itself regal Nature in her most hospitable mood, her arms and heart open to the million.





A Leisurely Lunch near Timberline. in the Rockies

Colorado and Utah Rockies



SUMMER SEASON 1919



WHAT a world of romance is awakened when
we speak of the Rocky Mountains!
In days no further back than the forties,
"Beyond the Rockies" meant a wonderful region of
expectations and hopes, for the Rockies marked the
eastern border of a vast and almost unknown land of
promise. Within their confines rested the end of every
man's rainbow, and when that magic spot should be
reached there would be the coveted pot of gold. So
today it is toward this borderland of romance and
dreams that the thoughts of the average American will
turn when the Rockies are mentioned. There is not
one whit less of picturesque charm to the Rockies of



the present than there was in the seventeenth century,
when the Franciscan friars first explored them, or in
the days of '49. Then they were remote from the
centers of civilization. Now, through the indomitable
spirit of American enterprise, this land of turquoise
skies has been made accessible by modern trans-
portation.

The vast chain of mountains known as the Rockies
occupies nearly a million square miles in the United
States alone. About one-eighth of this great uplift is
in Colorado and Utah. Of the former State two-thirds
is mountainous, but to the traveler from the East the
great barrier, a sheer wall of blues and purples, does



;irr

not appear until he is well within the State, for the
eastern third consists entirely of plains, being a con-
tinuation of those in Kansas and Nebraska.

Within the boundaries of Colorado alone are forty
peaks whose heights average more than 14,000 feet.
Among these giants of the upper air, three peaks
Long's, Gray's and Pike's enjoy the widest fame,
but they have many close rivals. Stand upon the top-
most pinnacle of one of these gigantic crests 14,000
feet above sea-level and into your heart must steal
a reverence such as only the infinite can inspire, for
you are in the presence of Nature in her most exalted
mood.

But the sublimity of the picturesque is not the sole
privilege of these lonesome places. It backgrounds
the cities and towns. Denver, a mile high, is flanked
by snow-capped peaks, thousands of feet higher. So
is Colorado Springs. So is Pueblo or Glenwood
Springs. Each city and town centers in a wide variety
of attractions. In the north are the many resorts
reached from Denver, including Rocky Mountain
National Park. With Colorado Springs as a center,
there are the numerous scenic features in the Pike's
Peak region. Westward are many other centers from
which one can visit the surrounding attractions, among
which may be mentioned Glenwood Springs. At the
extreme western end of the State is the Colorado
National Monument; in the southwest is Mesa Verde
National Park, with its prehistoric villages and relics,
telling the story of an ancient tribal life; in the south
is Wheeler National Monument, with its strange rock
formations. These are merely examples ; the Colorado
Rockies are one vast recreation region.

While more limited as to the number of lofty
peaks, Utah possesses mountains of picturesque in-
terest in the Wasatch and Oquirrh Ranges, including
the peaks of Zion National Monument, Mount Tim-
panogos and many others of lesser altitudes. These
mountains have an individuality all their own. From
the southern boundary of the State, bordering on
Grand Canyon National Park, to the farthest north
features, where Bear River Canyon and Logan
Canyon lead to that blue gem of the hills, Bear Lake,

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there is a succession of natural wonders and ideal
outing spots. Interspersed between these boundary
limits are the remarkable Natural Bridges of the
south, the semi-tropical "Utah Dixieland," Big and
Little Cottonwood Canyons, Bingham Canyon and
Camp, Great Salt Lake, with its bird-inhabited islands,
and last, but no doubt most generally known, Saltair
Beach bathing resort. And the gateway to all this
great domain is Salt Lake City.

From the heart of the everlasting Colorado and
Utah hills, innumerable streams of crystal -clear
waters, teeming with trout, dash down through cliff-
locked declivities to the lower lands, providing water
supply of that unsurpassed purity and coolness which
has made Denver, Salt Lake City and other inter-
mountain places famed throughout the world.

The people of Colorado and Utah have made com-
panions of their mountains. They have built railroad
lines and highways to them and through them and
over them; they have encircled them and humanized
them by creating sheltered cities, towns, villages and
camps within their lake-gemmed fastnesses; and they
have made them the mecca of many thousands of
strangers who each year realize in them their vacation

hopes and dreams.

A

Red-blooded Americans, lovers of motoring, camp-
ing, fishing or hunting, turn to this vast mountainous
region as the steel turns to the magnet. Here, in the
heart of the Rockies, they find a region of wonderful
scenic beauty, well constructed auto roads winding
through pleasant valleys and along pine-clad slopes,
streams and lakes inviting the angler, primitive camp
sites, big game, and all the joys of the great out-of-
doors. And when they return to the more civilized
comfort of the big Colorado hotels on their way home,
they still gaze upon the snow-capped peaks and
breathe the air of the Rockies.

The altitudes of resorts in this region are at least
one mile above sea-level. This insures a dry and
crisp atmosphere that makes exercise a delight. Plan
to take a vacation here this summer, climbing the pic-
turesque trails, motoring, fishing or camping in the
mountain fastnesses.




The Mountains from Inspiration Point. Denver

Colorado The Centennial State

DENVER Denver, the City of Mountain Parks, one mile
above sea level, is recognized as an important gateway to the
Colorado Rockies. The city has developed along lines of civic
beauty, so that now, with a population of about 270,000, it is
known nation-wide as the last word in municipal modernity.
Among the public buildings which should be visited are the State
Capitol, overlooking the new Civic Center; the Public Library,
of classic Greek design; the State Museum, containing what has
been pronounced by a noted archaeologist the finest collection of
cliff-dwelling relics in the world, being chiefly from Mesa Verde
National Park; the United States Mint; the new Post-Office,
built of Colorado marble; and the Colorado Museum of Natural
History, in the City Park. In the Municipal Auditorium, having
a seating capacity of 12,000, an immense organ recently has been
installed, and here free recitals entertain thousands every noon
during the summer season. Denver's Civic Center covers nine
acres close to the business district. Its principal feature is a
Greek open-air theatre with a stage adequate for every sort of
free municipal entertainment, from concerts to pageants. There



The Auto Road through Denver's Mountain Parks

are 252 hotels in the downtown district, with a capacity of 50,000
guests.

Denver has thirty-five city parks within her borders, and to
these have been added eighteen supervised and equipped play-
grounds. There are thirty-two municipal tennis courts, two
eighteen-hole golf courses and two baseball diamonds. A muni-
cipal band plays in the principal park every afternoon and evening
during the summer. One entire park is devoted to an automo-
bile camp, and during 1918 more than 13,000 "Gypsy motorists"
enjoyed the delights of camping out; light, fuel, running water,
mail delivery and other accommodations are free. Two of the
city parks have bathing beaches with bathhouses. There are also
outdoor swimming pools.

The city is twelve miles from the mountains, and an extensive
view is afforded of 200 miles of the Snowy Range, from Long's
Peak, on the north, to Pike's Peak, on the south.

Denver's unique mountain parks comprise about five square
miles at an altitude of from 7,000 to 8,000 feet. From the foot-
hills to the summit the "Lariat Trail" winds in sinuous loops up
precipitous cliffs. It is protected by parapet walls. The visitor
may circle the parks by automobile in a few hours, but it




The Parapet Wall. Denver s Mountain
9



On the Heights, Denver's Mountain Parks

10




Long's Peak, Monarch of Rocky Mountain National Park. Altitude 14.255 feet



would require weeks to know all their beauties. The additional
area proposed for Rocky Mountain National Park is just beyond
Denver's mountain parks and linked to them by a broad high-
way. This scenic territory covers 152 square miles, including
Mount Evans, one of Colorado's highest peaks. It contains also
seventeen other named peaks over two miles high. The center
of the park is about thirty miles from the western city limits.

Northern Colorado Outings

ELDORADO SPRINGS Scenic Eldorado Springs is twenty-
seven miles northwest from Denver, near the entrance to South
Boulder Canyon. It possesses hot and cold springs, a hotel,
cottages, dancing pavilions, an outdoor warm-water swimming
pool and other attractions.

BOULDER Boulder, the seat of the State University, is
twenty-nine miles northwest from Denver, and is reached by
steam and electric lines. The Colorado Chautauqua is held here
annually in July. Westward from Boulder the railroad known as
"The Switzerland Trail" ascends a picturesque canyon to the gold
and tungsten mines of Boulder County. Daily excursions are
conducted over this route during the summer: the round trip to

11



Eldora and Ward, western termini, is a day's jaunt. Boulder and
the mountain resorts near by are well supplied with hotels and
boarding houses. Trout abound in the lakes and streams. Boulder
is one of the automobile gateways to Rocky Mountain National
Park.

GREELEY Greeley is about 1 00 miles from Denver. It is
in a great garden valley. The original colony was organized by
Horace Greeley, from whom it took its name. Here is the State
Teachers' College. There are adequate accommodations for
travelers. Greeley has automobile service to Rocky Mountain
National Park.

FORT COLLINS Fort Collins, seventy-four miles from
Denver, on the Cache la Poudre River, is the seat of the Colorado
Agricultural College. From here, by stage, are reached Keystone,
Livermore, St. Cloud, Zimmerman's and Campton's Cherokee
Park resorts, from twenty-one to fifty-five miles up the river, and
each having good hotels. Cherokee Park also is connected by an
auto route with Hermosa, Wyoming. Rocky Mountain National
Park is forty miles distant from Fort Collins and is reached by
auto coaches through Big Thompson Canyon.

12




Notch Top Mountain, Rocky Mountain National Park



Mountain Parks Transportation
Company. The trip is through the
Big Thompson and St. Vrain can-
yons. The village of Estes Park,
on the eastern edge of the park
boundary, is the center of activities,
with stores, schools, churches, gar-
ages, liveries, etc. In Estes Park
village and throughout Rocky
Mountain National Park are large
resort hotels, ranch inns, board-
ing houses, and cottages. Camping
grounds also are available.

What to do here may be briefly
summed up: motoring, horseback
riding, hiking, mountain climbing,
fishing, snapshotting, and the enjoy-
ment of the health-giving mountain
air. Tennis, golf, croquet, etc., also
may be indulged in. Horseback rid-
ing, hiking and mountain climbing,
however, are the favorite pastimes
because of roads and trails that lead
to the apparently inaccessible
heights. Automobile roads practi-
cally gridiron the lower levels.

There are about 200 ice-cold lakes
in Rocky Mountain National Park.
There are fifty-one snow-capped
peaks nearly two miles high. Some
of them rival Long's Peak (altitude
14,255 feet.)




Lake Nanita. Rocky Mountain National Park



ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK Rocky Moun-
tain National Park represents the typical scenery of the higher
Rockies and includes about thirty miles of the Continental
Divide, which parts the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific.
While this is one of the newest of our national parks, its visitors
for a single season have exceeded 1 00,000. 1 1 is readily acces-
sible from Denver and main lines of transcontinental travel.
Located near the geographical center of the country, it can be
reached in a day and a half from Chicago or St. Louis and the
Mississippi Valley, and it is equally easy of access from other
sections.

From the railroad terminal the traveler enjoys a restful ride,
amidst inspiring mountain scenery, in comfortable auto coaches,
built especially for this service and operated by the Rocky



Among the glaciers are Hallett's and Tyndall, visited by hun-
dreds every season. The Park is literally dotted with flowers of a
thousand varieties. They even grow in profusion far up towards
the summits of the peaks and beyond timber line. The Park is
rich in wild animal and bird life, as well as in the immensity of
its forest areas. Mountain sheep, elk, deer, beaver and other
animals may be observed by the patient watcher. Some of the
best trout streams in Colorado are found here, stocked annually
from the fish hatchery.

The Park is reached from Denver by auto all the way or by
rail to Loveland, Longmont, Ft. Collins, Ward or Lyons, thence
by auto coach. Diverse routes are permitted. The Park is ac-
cessible at nearly all times, but the season is from May 1 st to
November 1st.




A Golf Green, Rocky Mountain National Park
13



Into the Fastnesses of Rocky Mountain National Park
14




The Georgetown Loop a Feat of Modern Engineering



Over the Georgetown Loop

One of the most inviting one-day railroad trips from Denver is
that up Clear Creek Canyon and around the Georgetown Loop
to Silver Plume, fifty-four miles leaving Denver in the morning
and returning in the evening.

GOLDEN Golden is just within the mountains, twelve miles
west of Denver. It is the seat of the Colorado State School of
Mines. In the early days it was the territorial capital. The north-
ern entrance to Denver's mountain parks is at Golden, the southern
being at Morrison, and each of these points is connected with
Denver by auto road. Golden, with its adjacent Lookout and
Genesee mountains, is a favorite locality for short excursions, and
it is here that the railroad enters Clear Creek Canyon for the trip
to the Loop.

CLEAR CREEK CANYON Leaving Golden the train enters
the gorge and follows the course of the rushing river. Turn after
turn is made, and still new and fantastic rocky walls come into
view. At one curve a ledge, named "Hanging Rock," extends
over the track; at another point is "Mother Grundy," and many
other unique formations may be descried.

IDAHO SPRINGS^-Idaho Springs, well known for its radio-
active mineral hot springs, is located in Clear Creek Canyon,
thirty-seven miles from Denver. Three miles from the town ia

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Russell Gulch, where still may be seen the log cabin built by
George M. Pullman in I860, during the ups and downs of his
mining days. Excellent hotel and bath house facilities will be
found at Idaho Springs.

GEORGETOWN and THE LOOP Georgetown is an at-
tractive little city in the midst of the Clear Creek mining district.
It is fifty miles from Denver, at an altitude of 8,476 feet. It has
a number of good hotels. Just above Georgetown is the famous
Loop, of which one writer gives the following description : "Pass-
ing above West Clear Creek, with just a glimpse of the picturesque
bridge that spans Devil's Gate, the road runs under the great
viaduct and rises and rises until you have left the city hundreds
of feet below; and to the north, but with a sudden turn, it is again
seen, with the train this time rushing toward the city and still
climbing; again a turn to the east; now, ninety feet below is the
track just passed. Away again on the farther side of the mountain ;
again crossing to the west side, suddenly turning to the east until
the "Big Fill," seventy-six feet high too sharp a curve for a
bridge has given another circle to the track; then, with a turn
to the west, around the slope of Mount McClellan; still another
view of Georgetown with all the tracks in view, each seeming to
have no relation to its neighbor, until another valley in the moun-
tains discloses the pretty village of Silver Plume, the close ally
and best friend of Georgetown."

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On the Higher Slopes near Boulder

SILVER PLUME Silver Plume is the upper terminus of the
Loop trip, being four miles above Georgetown by railroad this
because of the intervening Loop; by the wagon road it is but
one mile. The Mendota Mine is located at Silver Plume and is
visited by large numbers of tourists.

Up the Platte Canyon

PLATTE CANYON This popular outing section, like other
Colorado gorges, presents a great variety of scenery. Between
Denver and Grant, a distance of 66 miles, there are more than
twenty mountain resorts, including Strontia Springs, South
Platte, Foxton, Buffalo Park, Pine Grove, Insmont, Bailey's,
Glenisle, Shawnee and Cassell's. Platte Canyon contains many
attractive hotels and numerous furnished cottages and bunga-
lows, which may be rented by the week or month. Because of
the excellent trout fishing, that form of sport is the one most
indulged in; but horseback riding and mountain climbing come
in for their share of attention.

BRECKENRIDGE After passing through the resorts of
Platte Canyon, westward, a climb is made over Kenosha Hill into
South Park, and from the station of Como the ascent of Boreas
Pass (elevation 11,485 feet) is made to the Continental Divide.



Yankee Doodle Lake, near Corona

From this point the descent is gradual to Breckenridge, where ex-
tensive placer-mining operations are being conducted. From
Breckenridge on to Leadville one sees a panorama of peaks, passes
and canyons.

MORRISON Fourteen miles southwest from Denver is
Morrison, with its enormous red rocks in the "Garden of the
Angels," rivaling the similar formations near Manitou. Morrison
has good hotel accommodations and is the southern gateway to
Denver's mountain parks, having auto-road as well as railroad
connection with that city.

To Grand Lake and Steamboat Springs

CORONA On the way from Denver to Corona there is a
varying array of Rocky Mountain scenery the wonders of
canyons, valleys and mesas may be beheld within a day's
journey. At a distance of only 65 miles is Corona (altitude
1 1,660 feet), upon the crest of the main range, the highest point
reached by a standard-gauge railroad in the United States. Up
there, on the top of the world, are lovely stretches of verdure, be-
spangled with myriads of flowers, alternating with snow drifts.
Near the top of the Divide are Dixie and Yankee Doodle Lakes.




A New Outing Diversion at Steamboat Spring!
17



Trout Fishing in Fraser River

18




A Vista of Grand Lake and Its Attractive Summer Homes



HOT SULPHUR SPRINGS This resort is located on the
upper Grand River, 109 miles from Denver. Here are many
springs with a temperature of 1 1 to 117 degrees. The town is
surrounded by rugged precipices and forest-clad hills. The alti-
tude is 7,665 feet.

GRAND LAKE Grand Lake (elevation 8,400 feet) is about
two miles in length by one mile in width. The distance from
Denver is ninety-nine miles by rail to Granby and thence seven-
teen by auto-stage. For years past this most attractive resort has
been the outing place of many prominent people whose summer
homes are here. There are numerous cottages that may be rented.
Boating and swimming are favorite pastimes, and an annual
event is a regatta of private yachts. There are ideal camping
grounds in the vicinity of Grand Lake, and the surroundings
generally are most delightful. This is the western gateway to
Rocky Mountain National Park.

STEAMBOAT SPRINGS The important town of Steam-
boat Springs, 214 miles from Denver, is in the heart of the
Rockies. It is located on the banks of the Yampa River. The
principal hunting and fishing resorts of northwestern Colorado
are reached from this central point. Automobile highways lead
in all directions. Guides and pack outfits may be secured for
excursions into the mountains. There are here, in a small area,

19



more than 1 50 distinct mineral springs noted for their curative
properties, including one of the richest lithia springs in the world.

Within two miles of Steamboat Springs is a young ladies'
summer dancing camp a unique departure in outing life, where
outdoor dancing, lyric and interpretative, dramatic work and
pantomime are combined with rest and recreation. Other activi-
ties are horseback riding, swimming, amateur theatricals and
mountain climbing.

Here is one of the fastest ski courses in the world; the ski
carnival, held each winter, attracts nation-wide interest among
devotees of the sport. The world's record for ski-jumping (203
feet) was made on this course by Henry Hall on March 2, 1917.

In the Pike's Peak Region

COLORADO SPRINGS Colorado Springs is the gateway
to the Pike's Peak region, with numerous roads auto, steam and
electric leading into the mountain country. Here one may ob-
tain all the conveniences of city life in combination with the rest-
fulness of the mountains. The population of Colorado Springs is
officially given as 38,965, and the altitude is 5,992 feet. In sum-


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