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sible.

Our left wing is reported to-night as be-
ing within one mile of the South-side Bail-
road, still pressing forward; have been
fighting all day, and the wounded are com-
ing in very rapidly, being brought by rail
within one-half mUe of the hospitals, thence
by ambulance. A large number of them
are bad cases.



WESTERN DEPARTMENT.

Di:. Newberry writes from Louisville,
September 8:

By Wheeler's raid we are cut off from aU
communication with the army, and shall be

for or more to come. For this reason

I can give you no late news of our opera-
tions there.

In the supply Department there must be
little done for sometime, as when the road
is opened we must expect to have our trans-



The Sanitary Commission Buletin.



715



portation limited by the demand for food
for the fighting men.

Dr. Blake has written me, calling loudly
for stores at New Orleans, and this inter-
mption of our communications with At-
lanta will permit me to respond to this call.
I shall, therefore, on Monday start a
Steamer load of htores down the river. We
have a fair lot of just the articles he wants.
Among the items of our business at the
front, not before reported, I may mention —
1st. The death by typhoid fever of J. H.
MiULken, our agent at Knoxville. MiUiken
was a young man of fine acquirements and
pure and estimable character. Mr. BeUam
takes his place temporarily.

2d. Culbertson gives a good report of
the garden at Knoxville, with tabular state-
ment of products distributed. Wills, at
Chattonooga, ditto.

3di Mr. E. L. Jones, our invaluable store-
keeper at Chattanooga, has returned to
Nashville sick; will soon be better, how-
ever — shall probably keep him at Nashville,
find make him storekeeper there.

M. C. Bead and Prof. Horsford, of Chat-
tanooga, are both stiU absent on sick leave,
but will probably return by the 15th.

Dr. Seymour, now holding M. C. Bead's
place at Chattanooga, closes his term of
service on the 10th instant, and must go
home for three mouths.'

A Mr. Longley, a friend of Dr. Warri-
ner, has been appointed storekeeper at
Chattanooga, in place of Mr. Jones, and
will go there as soon as communication is
dpened.

These changes, and many others of less
importance, have given, and will give me
much thought and anxiety. The work of
the Commission at the front, Chattanooga,
NashvUle, and aU along the line, is going
on as well or better than could be ex-
pected.

Dr. Webster, appointed Chief Inspector
to Sherman's Army, in place of Dr. Bead,
(disabled,) has been brought back to Nash-
ville, sick, and will not be able to return.
K he recovers soon, I shall make him Su-
perintendant of the Agency at Nashville,
in place of Mr. Boot, who wiU return to the
Belief Department.

Dr. Woodward will take Dr. Webster's
place at the front.



Eev. J. P. T. lagraham, the best of our
hospital visitors, is about to leave us to
take a pastoral charge at Indianapolis. I
am very unwilling to lose him, as he is a
model man.

The hospital gardens continue to prove
great institutions.

The hospital trains are now all reduced
to syst m under Dr. Barnum's manage-
ment, who has a contract from the Medical
Department. New and improved cars are
being procured, and soon that branch of
the service will be a credit to all concerned.

We are furnishing stores and other fix-
tures, extra assistants and supplies, in aU.
needed ways; helping the enterprise on to
the highest success.

Dr. Hazen and Mr. Cafpenter, with my
consent, have left the service of the Com-
mission, and have taken contracts as Sur-
geons on the hospital train.

In the warehouse, ofSce, hospital direc-
tory, home, etc., here, everything is going
on as usual.

We send you, this week, report of issues
and shipments. We aim to keep very little
here, but push every thing forward as
rapidly as possible.

Supplies are coming in freely, and, in
compliance with instructions, we have been
purchasing largely of onions, pickles, and
kraut — have ordered, bought up, all we
could in the country, and have had large
quantities of pickled cabbage, cucumbers,
and onions made up for us.

The pickles sent by you have arrived
safely.

I bought two thousand bushels of onions
in Cleveland, at $1.25 per bushel; while
at Cincinnati they are worth $2.50.

MISSISSIPPI DISTBIOT.

No great, changes have occurred in this
Department. The two Ways have left
Vioksburg, sick. Benson remains in charge.
Carpenter and Grant, of Memphis, have
returned with restored health. Christy's
report of his late trip you have received.
He continues to give entire satisfaction.

At Cairo, all things work smoothly under
Mr. Shipman's good management. The
status in the home field is very encourag-
iilg. Our friends are working busily, and
in the best of spirits.



716



The Sanitary Commission BuUefin.



KINGSTON.

August 13.

Mr. Eno writes:

In my last report from this station, I
stated that Mr. Van Dyke would make the
next. About the close of the month, an
active agent was wanted for the 14th Army
Corps, and he was assigned to it — but un-
fortunately was too unwell to make a re-
port, or go to the field assigned him.

The following is a condensed, statement
of refreshments given to the sick and
wounded on trains going North, and also
the report of disbursements for the month.
From this, the supporters of the Sanitary
Commission, can see at a glance, that they
have not given, or labored in vain.

Daring the month of July, there were 6,671
sick and wounded soldiers on the trains
going North, to whom there wpre given 671
gallons of coffee, 16 gallons of soup, 53
gallons of punch, 5 gallons of tea, 55 gal-
lons of ale, 16 bottles of stimulants, 414 lbs.
of crackers, 3,895 rations of bread and ham,
2 shirts, 6 lbs. of bandages, 5 lbs. of can-
dles, (to use in box-cars at night,) and milk
and sugar sufficient for their coffee.

Mr. SutUffe's report of the refreshment
station at Dalton, was sent you some days
since. You can always rely upon his work
being done well.

After the 15th of July, the trains ran so
that it was not necessary to stop at Besaoa,
and I directed Mr. Johnson to report at
Marietta, with Ms fixtures and stock.

Dr. Herrick, who had charge of shipping
the wounded, then thought it best to start
a station, either at Marietta or Vining's,
but a change in running trains rendered it
utinecessary. Mr. Johnson is now assist-
ing Mr. Tone; should it be necessary to
start another refreshment station he wiU
be an excellent man for it. His report
of the 15th of July, shows that there were
3,235 sick and wounded soldiers stopped on
' the trains at Resaoa, to whom he gave 386
gallons of coffee, 88 gallons of soup, 14
bottles of stimulants, 735 lbs. of crackers,
12 shirts, and 12 drawers. Many of the
wounded going north on furlough, have
lost their clothing, and leave the hospital
minus coat and pants, rather than wait for
clothing to be brought to the front by the
Government — thinking they would be able



to draw in Chattanooga or Nashville; in
this, many have. been disappointed, merely
because proper arrangements had not been
made.

In justice to the officers, it may be said
they have had their hands full -but the
Government has sufficient clothing, and
measures are being taken by which it is
hoped the evil will be remedied.

Dr. Clendenin, of Nashville, and Dr.
Salter, of Hospital No. 1, Chattanooga, as-
sured me that wounded men- reportihg to
them, should have clothing drawn for
them.

Dr. Goslin, of the 15th Army Corps'
Field Hospital in this place, has taken the
right method to insure every man what is
necessary.

He sends a man to Chattanooga with
them, to draw their clothing there. StiU,
I fear there will be some who will have to
depend on the Sanitary Commission, and I
would advise keeping Capt. Brayton, of
the Home in NashviUe, supplied, so that he
can send men away rejoicing, instead. of
ashamed to meet their friends.

Av^ist 23.

Since my last, the refreshment stations
at Dalton and Kingston 'have been doing
their usual "good Samaritan" work, sup-
plying the wants of the sick and wounded
soldiers on their way North. Mr. Sutliffe
had the misfortune to lose his stock and
fixtures, by the raid into Dalton last week,
but his stoppage will be only temporary.

At this station, Mr. Kennedy has charge
of the relief department, and Mr. Barret
the refreshments. From the 1st to the 21st
of August, 2,555 sick and wounded passed
on trains going North, to whom refresh-
ments were piven, consisting of hot coffee,
light bread, cold ham, crackers, apple
sauce, pickles, etc.

Whole No. since the 15th of June, 14,616.

Much of my time this month has been
spent in looking after the interests of fur-
longhed men and men in hospitals without
descriptive rolls — many furloughed men,
who had lost their clothing in battle, were
being sent from hospitals of the Army of
the Tennessee, in shii-ts and drawers, with-
out any provision being made to draw clo-
thing on the way home, leaving them de-
pendent on Sanitary and State Agents for



The Sanitary Commission BvUeUn.



717



a supply. As State Agent foB Illinois, I
was authorized to furnish clothing for Illi-
nois soldiers, but did not feel justified in
expending money that should be used for
purchasing vegetables, when I knew the
Government had made ample provision,
and all that was necessary to obtain it, was
to know how. I found the Surgeons wiU-
ing to do all they supposed they were au-
thorized — and as soon as the Medical Di-
rector's attention was called to it, the evil
was remedied, and now there is no reason
why a soldier should be sent from hospital
without sufficient clothing.

The medical authorities also say they
would much prefer that the Sanitary Com-
mission would furnish less of stimulants
and clothing, and expend the money saved
in anti-scorbutics. I would, therefore,
suggest that every Sanitary Agent should
make himself acquainted with what the
Medical Purveyor can furnish, and regulate
his orders and issues accordingly. If this
is done, I firmly believe it will be safe to
reduce the amount appropriated for clo-
thing and stimulants three-fourths, and the
amount thus saved will do vastly more
good expended in anti-scorbutics.

The great staples necessary for the health
and comfort of the army are vegetables,
pickles, kraut, good vinegar, dried fruit,
condensed mUk and beef, farina, rags and
bandages. Let there be a fuU supply of
these, and with what the Ladies' Aid Socie-
ties will furnish, there will be no scurvy or
complaining.

CAIRO.

The Agent writes from the "Soldiers'
Home" at Cairo, September 21:

I have thought it would be a pleasure to
you, were some one to write you something
about affairs at this very busy place. Here-
tofore you have heard little of our labors
and successes at this point, from the sim-
ple fact that we have all been so busy, not
for the past day, week or month, but all
the time.

Once in a while, it is true, we do have a
luU in the ^torm, but these quiet times are
always occupied by preparations for the
coming contestj which we know must short-
ly foUow. Invariably the contest begins-
with redoubled force and energy. Our



rests are short. They are only breath-
ing spells, in which the decks are clean-
ed, the guns rubbed up, and every instru-
ment for our bloodless warfai^e, put in
order for action. The stay of our guests
is necessarily short. They do not as a gen-
eral thing desire to remain long, either go-
ing home or to their regiments,' and we
could not with our limited arrangements,
accommodate them for a longer time. In
fact, for this place our arrangements are not
extensive enough.

We have not room enough, force enough,
nor ability sufficient to cope with the great
numbers daily and hourly pressing upon us.
Here we are with our two regular trains,
besides extra ones, daily pouring their, live
streams of bljie coats tipon us — with the
Mississippi and Ohio Bivers depositing
their loads from above, for shorter or long-
er times, and from below as far as New
Orleans; and on either side of the great
father of waters there, the arteries of the
Southwest both great and small, they come,
and come not like the steady flow of blood
from veins, but in gushings and floods, not
unlike the discharge from the arteries of
the human frames

Our dining room is capable, of seating
one hundred and eighty men comfortably,
biit by crowding it will accommodate two
hundred and ten men. Our sleeping apart-
ments are three in number, containing in
all two hundred and forty-three beds. The
rooms are high and well ventUated. The
beds are all kept clean and free from ver-
min. The clothing is neat and comfort-
able. There are, besides these, eight in
the hospital room, for the use of the sick
alone.

There are comparatively few of our peo-
ple who know much of the workings of
these indispensible institutions, and smaller
by far is the number who know anything
about this particular one. Here every man
has his duties laid down, and he is expected
and does perform them. The workings of
the "Home" here are as regular as clock-
work; the machinery of which is wound up
daily, weekly, mojxthly, and yearly. It is
not a wheel within a wheel, but a clock
within a clpck. Soldiers are received only
in squads, or one at a time — squads num-
bering from two to one hundred and fifty.



718



The Sanitary Commission BiMetin.



Their names are registered, and tickets of
admission to the dining room are given
them, which are taken at the door. Tickets
are issued three times a day.

Last Thursday the 143d Illinois came up
"from Helena, Ark. Only twenty-seven men,
out of a regiment of over eight hundred
men, were fit for duty. These men had
been cooped up on board the boat for four
or five days, and their situation was enough
to soften the hardest heart. Seldom, I
trust, is such a regiment seen. They look-
ed more like moving skeletons than a live
regiment. A great many were boys, tender
and delicate — too young for such hard-
ships. Their sufferings had been great,
their situation was a sad one. Oar break-
fast lasted until 11 A. M. That day we
issued about seven hundred meals. But to
see their feeble looks of thankfulness, was
enough to repay us for our labor. Food
was carried to those who were not able to
to come to the table.

Yesterday, the 20th September, was a
lively day. The 140th Illinois, on their way
home from Paducah, Ky., to be mustered
out, stopped in Cairo about twenty hours.

Application was made by the Surgeon to
Mr. Shipman, the General Agent and Su-
perintendent of the Soldiers' Home, for
supper and lodging for his sick. They were
received. Then there was hurrying to and
fro, of busy feet. New life was infused into
the kitchen, renewed energy was necessary
for all. The tables were set again for the
third time for supper. The hospital room
was soon filled with the sickest. Still they
came. They were carried up stairs to the
sleeping apartments and there was room,
at least for the most serious cases.

By this time supper was prepared. Hot
tea and coffee steamed upon the tables.
Good bread and good butter were there in
abundance. Stewed fruit and pickles await-
ed the assault. The meal was a simple one,
bat with those poor fellows it was a feast.
To stand at the head of that room and look
upon that scene was a sight rarely to be
met with.

If the noble self-sacrificing men and wo-
men at home, who are working in the cause,
could have been present, they would have
returned to their homes satisfied that their
efforts were not made in vain.



The full number of meals issued yester-
day was about eight hundred. The report
for the week ending September 21st, ha»
just been brought in. In it seventeen State*
are represented. Number of men admitted,
two thousand eight hundred and thirty-
three. Number of lodgings, two thousand
seven hundred and sistytwo; Number of
meals issued, five thousand three hundred
and fifty-two Average number per day,
four hundred and five. Aided in procuring
transportation, one hundred and forty-four.

AUTI-SCOKBTjnCS — ^FOBBEST AND WHEELEe's
BAID — SOLDIBES' HOME.

Dr. Newberry, under date of September
30, Louisville, Ky., writes:

" For the last ten days we have been in
a state of suspended animaticm in conse-
quence of the raid of Forrest and Wheeler
on the Nashville and Chattanooga road.
For the present it has arrested aU trans-
mission of goods or persons below Nash-
ville, and has, of course, checked the flow
of the flood of vegetables with which we
proposed to inundate Sherman's army.
As a part of this special effort, our sliip-
ments have been within the past week very
large, about 25 car-loads, and I had made
arrangements for keeping up an almosi
equal flow of stores for some time to come.

"I have authorized the establishment of
a Home at Paducah and another at Jeffer-
sonville, opposite this city, in both of which
places such institutions are greatly needed. "



AID TO THE UNION PRISONERS IN

CHARLESTON.
It will rejoice many hearts to know that
the United States Sanitary Commission has
opened a communicatior with our oificera
and soldiers imprisoned-in Charleston, An-
dersonviUe, and other places in the South.
Through Lieut. -Col. Woodford, Agent of
Exchange at Charleston, assurances have
been received from Maj. Lay, the Confed-
ei^te Agent of Exchange, that supplies of
specified kinds, and packed under specified
directions, will be safely forwarded to our
men. The offer was received by the Com-
mission with some distrust, and it was not
until after a thorough examination of the
grounds of encouragement for the success-
ful issue of an undertaking so important^
that the decision yroB made.



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin.



719



Dr. M. M. Marsh, the efficient agent in
charge at Beaufort, S. 0. , has already sent
over the lines the following articles:
14 cases beef stock.
14 casoB condensed milk.
13 cases coflfee.



13 cases tomatoes.

I case cocoa

24 cases chocolate.
4 cases pickles.

4 cases jellies.

II bbls. crackers.
1 bbl. dried Iralt.

25 tin cups,
quantity black pepper,
quantity red pepper,
^antily soap, combs and

piu-cusMons.
quantity writing paper and
envelopes.



2 cases lemon juice.
10 bottles stimulants.

linen vests.
30 linen coats.
40prs. pants.
20 lbs. tea

202 woolen blankets.
100 quilts.
l,29v towels.
1,300 bandkercUefs.
1.150 prs. woollen socks.
590 prs. slippers.
750 prs. woolen drawers.
400 prs. cotton drawers.
400 cotton shirts.
780 woolen sliirts.



A second lot is on the way, viz:



1,000 prs. shoes.
2,0P0 prs. pmts, WOOL
1,000 blouses, wool.



3,000 blankets.
2,000 shirts.
2,000 prs. drawers.
2,000 prs. socks, wooL

It the object is attained, and no new ob-
structions arise, the Commission wUl con-
tinue the merciful work, as far as its means
wiU allow.



THE COMMISSIOM AND THE
GOVERNMENT.

Snt— -Although the Sanitary Commission
has been in active operation more than
three years, its plan of action, and what
it tends to do or not to do. and its relation
to the United States Government and the
people, are even yet imperfectly under-
stood, and though it has sought to do its
work through the Medical Department of
the army, there are Surgeons who mistake
its object, and look to it for supplies which
the Government is both willing and able to
furnish.

The object of the present article is to set
these things in their right light, and to
show what the Government can supply,
and how those wants can be met, and how
and what the Sanitary Commission is ready
to do, and also to show the harmonious
working of the Sanitary Commission with
the Medical Department of the Army.

The Sanitary Commission is merely aux-
iliary to the Government in meeting the
wants of the sick and wounded of the
army, at those times and in such places as
from the exigences of the case the Govern-
ment is not prepared to meet. It does not
propose either to manage or supply general
hospitals in the rear of the army or rear of
its basis of supplies, except in extreme or
urgent cases. All that can be needed at



such places can be had of the Medical Pur-
veyors and Commissaries of Subsistence of
the Army, upon proper requisitions, ap-
proved by the Medical Directors.

I copy the list of regular supplies for
hospitals as they appear on the supply
tables, viz. :

Barley, (pearl,) beef, (extract,) cinnamon,
cocoa, or chocolate, corn starch, farina,
gelatine, ginger, nutmegs, pepper, (black,)
porter, sugar, (white,) tea, tapioca, wine
and whisky.

This comprises staples articles of light
diet, whilst the Commissaries wiU furnish
fruits, (green and dried,) vegetables, oys-
ters, crackers, butter, etc.

At all the principal points these articles
can be had in unlimited quantities, and
charged to the Hospital Fund.

Medical Purveyors will furnish sheets,
pillowcases, counterpanes, mattresses, mos-
quito bars, piUows, shirts and drawers.

All these things and many others, are
within the reach of every Surgeon in charge
of hospitals in rear of the army, and' an in-
spection of the Medical Purveyor's and
Commissary's stores at this point .shows
that these departments are fully adequate
to the whole army in this Department, and
both the Medical Purveyors and Cominis-
saries of Subsistence, state that they can
and do fill every proper requisition made
upon them by Surgeons in charge of hos-
pitals. It is a well known fact that every
hospital can, by proper management, save
a hospital fund sufficient for the purpose of
purchasing aU that is required over and
above the regular ration. So far as hos-
pital clothing is concerned, the Govern-
ment suppUes are all that is needed for the
use of the men while in hospital.

What then is the work of the Sanitary
Commission ? I answer; It is intended to
furnish what is needed as diet or clothing
at those times, and at such points as the
Government is not prepared to meet.

The exigencies of war, especially when
the lines are long, leading to the base of
supplies, require aU the attention and care
of the Government to keep the army sup-
plied with the proper material of war, such
as ordnance, quartermaster's and commis-
sary stores.

Here is the work of the Sanitary Com-



720



The Sanitary Commission BvEetin,



mission: By the favor of the Government
it is allowed separate transportation, which
is accompanied by its own agents, charged
with the distribution of itg. supplies. Since
the commencement of the campaign in the
South-west there has not been one day in
which there has not been either a battle or
a heavy skirmish, involving the care of
great numbers of sick and wounded men.

The agents of the Sanitary Commission
have their supplies with the army, ready
to be distributed when needed, and no one
who has not been with the army in time of
battle can have any conception of the mag-
nitude of the wants which must then be
met. Clothing must be provided for the
wounded; food and stimulants suitable for
wounded men must be on hand.

The Government can only provide the
regular ration, and not always even that —
but the wounded must be provided for with
something beside meat, bread, and coffee.
The Sanitary Commission has all that is
needed, and the Surgeons have but to ask
and their wants will be supplied.

Vegetables, in large quantities, are re-
quired both for the sick and the well, or
scurvy will decimate the army. The work
of the Sanitary Commission is pre-eminently
ai the front with the army.

There are three thousand cars daily run-
ning between Nashville and the front. The
Sanitary Commission has for many weeks
past and is now sending one hundred tons
of supplies to the front every week from
Nashville, and still the cry is, " send us
more." To give one hundred thousand
men four ounces of vegetables a day, would
require one car and a half each day, or
twenty-flve thousand pounds.

One peculiarity of the Sanitary Commis-
sion is, that it works_through and in har-
mony with the Military and Medical De-
partments. Its agents are accredited to
its Commanding Generals and Medical Di-
' rectors. It sends no men to give to this or
that man. It goes to the General and his
Medical Director and says, we propose to
do thus and so for the sick and wounded.
" What do you need ? And in no one case
has a general or Medical Director turned
to them the " cold shoulder." They meet
ns as friends and teU us what they need.
We give only throtigh the Medical Department.



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