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theological students from Princeton and
New York, who have applied for position
in the same; believing that it was a duty
peculiarly fitting for those who have the
holy ministry in view, to administer to the
needy, feed the hungry, clothe the naked,
and smooth the pUlow for tlTe dying.

Mr. Fay is here now, and has entered
upon the duties of fitting his corps for the
field with an alacrity and zeal that demon-
strates the fact that he is the man for the
place, and his corps show a spirit that
satisfies us their enlistment in the cause
will redound to the benefit of the Commis-
sion and the good of the soldiers. He is
meeting them at stated hours during the
day, and imparting, from the rich stores
of his own personal experience, such in-

at.rnnt.iriTis as will diveat them nf +>io i'mo-



rance which marks all new men endeavor-
ing to act as nurses.

With these two corps, the Field Belief
Corps — moving with the army, the Auxiliary
Relief Corps — ready to do work whenever
the emergency demands it, and as soon aa
the field of its operations can be reached,
— with a vast accumulation of stores at our
depots ready for use, — with the securing of
such transportation as may be practicable
or attainable, — the Commission may safely
say it has left no stone unturned to make
the way open for the full performance of
its duty. Whatever be the result, .the
Chief Inspector feels that all efforts will
have been made, as far as human judgment
can aid, to be prepared for the emergency.
God grant us the means of doing all He
has put it in our hearts to do for our suf-
fering soldiers!

3. the Lower District. — Major (xeneral B.
F. Butler's Command. — Mr. R. Cecil Nevin
has fitted himself for his duties as relief
agent, in charge of the, department of
Norfolk, with commendable alacrity and
promptness. His reports — dated April 9,
16, 23 and 30 — show an increasing fitness
for, and execution of, the duties assigned
him. The Norfolk ReUef Corps at present
consists of three gentlemen.

The amount of stores kept in stock here
has been largely increased of late, in order
to meet the wants of an army which has
been collecting for some time past at or
near Yorkto wn, on the Peninsula. Finding,
some two weeks since, that it would be
necessary to have a separate organization
with this army; I proceeded to organize the
Peninsula Relief Corps. This, with various
changes and modifications required by the
demands of this army, consists at present
of ten gentlemen.

Some of these are on the field, and
the others are on their way thither. An
order, dated May 4, separates this dis-
trict from my department, and plapes it
under the supervision of Dr. A. McDonaJd,
Sanitary Inspector. I part with it with
great regret, as, under much difficulty, a
systematic organization of the Norfolk work
had been effected during the past winter,
and a similar result was being attained for
the Peninsula Corps; but the selectipn of
Dr. McDonald as the immediate chief in-
spector on the ground, will ensure the
greatest possible success to the work of the
Commission, and will enable him to carry
out his own noble and earnest desire to aid
the hearts' desires of the people of our great
nation.

Issues made by the Field Belief Corps, Army of the Poto-
mac, during the months of January, February and
March, 1864 r



1,041 Bed Ticks,
130 Cusliions,

1,378 Pillows,

2,492 Pillow Cases,
716 Pillow Ticks,
1?R OuUts.



462 Cotton Socks, pairs.
3,456 Woolen Socks, pairs

324 bottles Brandy,
3,609 lbs. Cond'd MUk,
1.200 lbs. Com Starch,

1.29fi IhH. Farina,.



438



The Sanitary Commission BiiUetin.



1,388 Sheets,

402 Spoons,
2,370 Towels,

368 Tin Pans,
3,092 ■wroolen Drawers,
1,162 EandkercMefs,
1,770 Mittens,
3,158 Woolen Shirts,
1,125 Slippers, pairs.



697 bottles Jellies & Pre-
serves.

100 lbs. Salt Ksh,

600 lbs. Sugar.

486 bot. Foreign Wine,

498 bote. Wines & liq'rs,
1,864 Heedle Books,

154 lbs. Soap,
1,600 Bnvelopes.



Issues made from storehouse of IT. S. Sanitaiy Commis-
sion to troops from Cumberland, Md., eastwards to
Monocacy, during months of January, February, and
March, 1864:



364 Woolen Shirts,
278 Drawers,
273 Pillows,
138 lbs. Chocolate,
160 lbs. Com Starch,
240 cans Beef Stock,
200 lbs. Oatmeal,
231 lbs. Sugar,
220 Bedticks,
116 Blankets,
170 Cushions,
299 Pillow Cases,
160 " Ticks,
629 Towels,



374 Cotton Drawers,
324 " Shirts,
142 Slippers,
286 Woolen Socks,

2'5 lbs. Arrowroot,
344 Needle Cases,
100 Tin Plates,

77 Sheets,

74 cans Tomatoes,
2,760 Envelopes,
108 cans Milk,
800 Handkerchief^,
100 Eye Shades,
192 bbls. Eariua.



Issues made from storehouse at Norfolk, Va., during
months of January, February, and March, 1864:



307 Woolen Shirts,
619 " Drawers,
144 bottles Brandy,
228 lbs. Farina,

88 jars Jelly,
120 gallB. Pickles,

72 bottles Jam. Bum,
166 " Wine, for'n,
442 lbs. Sugar,
250 Bedticks,
660 PiUow Cases,
432 suppers,
935 Woolen Socks,



72 bottles Bay Bum,
100 Quilts,

69 bottles Cologne,
2,376 sheets Note Paper,
197 cans Beef Stock,
300 Tin Cups,
386 Sheets,
2,660 Envelopes,
240 cans Milk,

50 Games,

12 bottles Spirits Camp'r,
100 Tin Basins.



A variety of articles issued in smaller
quantities are omitted from the above list.



THE HOSPITALS AND SANITARY STA-
TIONS IN TENNESSEE.

Dr. Read gives the following account of
a tour of inspection lie has just made:

Soon after my last report I left Nashville
for the purpose of visiting the different
posts of the Commission in this depart-
ment, and the hospitals and camps in their
vicinity, that I might learn the condition
of the soldiers, what Government is doing
to supply their wants, the efficiency of the
work of the Commission, and what sup-
plies are most needed for present and fu-
ture use.

I first visited Chattanooga, where I found
, our agents working up to their full strength.
The store-room, in chaxge of M. D. Bart-
lett, was clean, and all the goods arranged
in order. Mr. Bartlett is kind, courteous,
patient, ready to investigate carefully every
caU for help, and is eminently quaUfled for
his place.

The Hospital Visitor there, Kev. Prof.
Hosford, is well received, and is a valuable
member of the Commission.

Dr. Hazen, Special Relief Agent of the
Commission, has gone home on furlough
on account of ill-health.

Mr. Worth, the Transportation Agent,
is sick, and wiU leave as soon as he is able



to bear the ride home. M. C. Read, while
he has an eye to all parts of the work, was
at the time of my visit much occupied with
the large hospital gardens. Two hundred
acres, including forty acres of vineyard,
wiU soon be planted. This land had to be
fenced and plowed. The seed and many
garden implements were furnished by the
Commission by purchase; but many more
implements were obtained by order of
Gen. Thomas from the abandoned farms
in the vicinity, most of which, within five
or six miles, were visited for that • pur-
pose.

The land selected is of excellent quality,
and we have reason to expect a yield suffi-
cient to supply all the wants of the hos-
pitals in the vicinity, at a time when vege-
tables cannot be obtained from the North.

The hospitals I found in an improved
condition. Many of the sick have been
removed, and several hospitals have been
broken up since my last visit. The Gen-
eral Field Hospital, in charge of C. E.
Byrne, Ass't Surg. IJ. S. A. , on April 5th,
contained 555 patients, including the small-
pox ward, which had 55. The mortality
had been large, 143 deaths in March, in-
cluding all cases, refugees and negroes, as
well as soldiers. Total number of cases
treated was 959. There were white sol-
diers remaining sick the last of February,
467 — ^wounded 71; admitted during March,
sick, 400, wounded, 21. Returned to du-
ty, 263; sent to other hospitals, 128; fur-
loughed, 5; discharged, 2; died, 78; re-
maining sick, 440 — wounded, 43.

Some of the principal diseases were as
follows: small-pox, 30 cases; varioloid, 19
— of these there were 13 deaths; measles,
76, and 29 deaths; inflammation of the
lungs 39, and 15 deaths. No scurvy.

U. S. Colored Troops — number treated
during March, 105; returned to duty, 19;
sent to other hospitals, 2; died, 23; re-
mainkig sick, 51; wounded, 4.

Citizen employees treated during the
month, 53; returned to duty, 19; sent to
other hospitals, 19; died, 6; remaining, 9.

No special wants, except vegetables, in
this hospital, the surgeon having suppUed
many delicacies, and many others were
drawn from the Commission.

Preparations are being made to build
hospitals on Lookout Mountain. Th.e Offi-
cers' Hospital has been removed there.
Gen. Thomas advised me to make a gar-
den also on the top of the mountain, as he
thought it would be very convenient, and
the land could be made to produce well by
sending up fifty or a hundred loads of ma-
nure. I mention this to show that he was
ready to give all necessary assistance.

The troops in the field were in better
condition than in January or February.
There was less scurvy, which very many

SB



The Sardtary Commission BvUetin.



439



tables received from the Commission. I
made an effort to obtain the amount of
fresh vegetables issued by the. Commissa-
ries, and, from the statements received, I
judge that but few rations have reached the
soldiers for the last six months; not much
more, in the aggregate, than was sold to
the ofBcers of regiments. Some regiments
had not received one full ration of vegeta-
bles since the battle of Chiokamauga, ex-
cept what had been furnished by the Com-
mission.

_ The camps that I visited were well po-
liced and the men weU. clothed. The 14th
tJ. S. Colored Troops were commanded by
Col. Thomas Morgan. The regiment was
organized February, 1864, and on March
1st contained 1,000 men, including officers.

Fisher W. Aines is surgeon. I did not
see him; but the colonel informed me that
the soldiers had all been systematically
vaccinated. The camp was beautifully laid
out, streets and ditches clean; everything
in as good condition as any other regi-
ment. Indeed, the camp was a model of
order and neatness, and the black man, as
he stood erect, bearing the arms and dress-
ed in the uniform of our country, bore
witness to a redeemed manhood.

Upon consultation with Dr. Perin, Med-
ical Director, I telegraphed our agent at
Bi-idgeport to break up camp and bring
his tents and all the goods to Chattanooga,
which he did; at the same time it was
thought best to continue the depot at Ste-
venson. On my subsequent visit at Ste-
venson I found everything in most excel-
lent condition. Mr. Wm. A. Suthflfe, the
agent, has not been liberally furnished
with goods, but had improved his time in
attending to their careful distribution, and
preparing comfortable quarters, which he
had accomplished with no expense and
very little help; his accommodations for
himself and others show, to great advan-
tage, how much can be done by ingenuity
and industry. I visited with him the bur-
ial ground, for the purpose of obtaining a
list of the dead, but did not succeed to any
great extent; if one was kept, it was by the
undertaker, whose books were in Hunts-
ville.

I sent to him to obtain the list, which, if
obtained, I will forward to you promptly.
I found graves, fourteen in number, en-
closed by a Hght railing, two of which were
marked as foUows: Joseph Littlejohn, Co.
H, 18th Ohio, died July 7th, 1862, and
Isaac Johnson, Co. D, 61st Ohio, died July
30, 1862. No others were marked. These
were undoubtedly with Gen. Mitchell when
he made his advance there.

The "Home," in Stevenson, established
by Government, is in charge of Capt. Park
Wheeler, 149th N. Y. During the return
of troops to and from their homes, he has
fed about 1,000 per day; lodging about 300



each night, while aboutlOO have been com-
pelled to sleep in the open air without cov-
ering. He has received bed-sacks, com-
forts, candlesticks, sconces, and other arti-
cles of furniture from the Commission, as
well as a liberal share of vegetables to feed
his men. He wants several other articles,
which I informed him would be furnished
on a proper order.

Promising Mr. Sutliffe a more liberal
supply of stores, I went on to Huntsville.
There I found btit one General Hospital, in
charge of J. H. Early, 17th Iowa, with one
assistant, and no lack of caoks and nurses.
There were 53 patients. In the same build-
ing, mentioned in my last report as the
" Calhoun House," in which one of the pa-
tients said, "we have a good house, but-
that is all; nothing gpod to eat, and hard
beds," they now have comfprtable beds, the
surgeon remarking, "Sanitary has given
to us all the comforts, and without them we
should be comfortless."

The rooms of the Commission, in charge
of Mr. May and Mr. Norton, are well kept,
but at the time of my visit, they had few
goods, and the calls for help were frequent.

The Western Sanitary Commission have
a room next door, and seemed to have a
better supply, yet not near enough for the
demand.

Beturning to Nashville, I visited Mur-
freesboro, April 18, where are six hospitals,
one for small-pox, and one for contrabands,
containing 760 patients in all, with the
prospect that the number wiU be increased
rather than diminished.

Rev. Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Hogue are
doing all that could reasonably be asked of
any man; Mr. Kennedy co-operating with
the Post Chaplain, with him visiting the
hospitals, and often preaching for him on
invitation. The hospital garden in Mur-
freesboro' is much larger than last year,
and, under the care of John Harmon, the
same gardener, is even in better condition.
It is mostly planted. Peas, onions, lettuce,
beets, cabbage, &c., were up, and gave pro-
mise of an abundant and early harvest.

The hospitals in Nashville remain about
the same as at my last report. The num-
ber of sick is (April 20) 4,282, in charge of
Surgeon Clendennin, Assistant Medical Di-
rector of the department. The small-pox
hospital is much better for the accommo-
dation of the patients than the old one, and
the mortality is less.

There are ten hundred and forty- three
vacant beds. There are also four hundred
and twenty-seven contrabands in hospital,
about one-half of them soldiers.

The soldiers in the field are well clothed,
and have no lack of good food, except fresh
vegetables. But few of these, compared
with the demand, are yet furnished; as
proof, I select one letter from many of
similar import:



440



The Sanitary Commission BtiMdin.



. "Whiteside, Tenn., April 12, 1864.
Sanitary Commissiotij Nashville, Tenn. :

Out command is suffering much for want
of vegetables. I have made every effort
through our commissaries, and through
your agents at Bridgeport and Chattanoo-
ga, to obtain them, but so far in vain. We
report twenty to fifty cases of scurvy from
two regiments alone, and those cases are
on the increase. If you ca^ send me direct,
or through your agents, a few barrels of
potatoes and onions, you will much oblige.
Your ob't serv't,.



< The great obstacle in the way of furnish-
ing a supply is want of transportation, the
demand for which is urgent from all points
of the army, and we are obtaining perhaps
our fuU share.

The commander at Knoxville telegraphs:
" Send vegetables in preference to other
commissary stores." Dr. Perin, the faith-
ful Medical Director of the Army of the
Cumberland, promises to aid us in procur-
ing transportation for all we can fiu-nish.
Dr. Kitto, who has recently inspected the
11th and 15th Army Corps, assures me that
the great want is fresh vegetables, although
there are but few well marked cases of
scurvy.

They are now going forward quite freely;
on the 20th, five car loads; on the 21st,
seven; and, in addition to the order to give
us at least two cars daily. Captain Lyttle
has promised to load two for Pulaski, and
two for Decatur, which will be distributed
by Mrs. Bickerdyke and Mrs. Porter.

Having forwarded the large amount of
vegetables now here, and on the .way, we
must next turn our attention to securing
in Chattanooga a large amount of reserved
battle stores, and obtain for them, if possi-
ble, from that post, transportation. This
wiU be the most difficult part of our work.
We cannot procur'e teams, or feed them,
without difficulty, if indeed it can be done
at all, independently of the Government
officers. 'And upon consultation with Gen.
Webster, Gen. Sherman's chief of staff, to
whom we are under many obligations for
past favors, I have decided to depend on
Government, and to offer to each medical
director of divisions one wagon load of such
stores as he may select, in addition to all
1;he medical sujjplies he is permitted to take,
to go forward as sanitary stores.

In conclusion, I have the pleasure of as-
suring you that the work of the Commis-
sion is vastly increased, and, so far as I can
judge, is prosperous in all departments. '

There are several Medical Inspectors in
the Department, who report to Dr. Doug-
las, but Drs. Castleman and Parker have
rendered me essential service in obtaining
full statements from many brigades of the
amount of vegetables issued by the Govern-
ment.



There is not a General Hospital in the
Department that is not visited often by
one of our hospital visitors.

The special relief agents are constantly
employed, and find, and often relieve, every
variety of suffering.

Mothers coming for their children, wives
seeking their sick husbands, are helped on
their way; soldiers furloughed and dis-
charged, are helped on their way to the
homes they are so anxious to reach. Or a
little girl comes and asks, " Where is my
father?" Agent answers, "Don't know;"
she repKes, " Well, you ought to, you must
have seen him; he wears Co. G., 83d Indi-
ana, on his cap. " Poor girl, she was not
permitted to go to her father.

The Home in Nashville has been over-
crowded, but is admirably managed by
Capt. Bray ton.

In addition to the one estabhshed by
Government at Chattanooga, which is
only common barracks, one is needed there
to receive the sick, discharged, and fur-
loughed soldiers who are sent back from
the advance, and compelled to remain there
awaiting "transportation. I hope to be able
to secure some better accommodations for
them.

The transportation agents are taxed to
their utmost in order to secure transporta-
tion where there is so much competition,
and where success very much depends upon
personal effort, even where the most Uberal
orders are maintained; but with all the dif-
ficulties, vegetables are being sent forward
liberally, and I hope by securing a, large
supply of reserve stores, to be in readiness
for impending movements.

Mr. Boot, our Hospital Visitor at Nash-
ville, also writes as follows on the condition
of the troops encamped near that city, and
the contribution of stores amongst them by
the Commission in Jan. and Feb. last:

The number of men in these regiments,
the number of sick and the character of
their diseases, and the condition of the
camps, I stated in a former report. The
regiments that were stationed here for the
time above specified, were from Ohio, In-
diana, Illinois^ Michigan, Wisconsin, Mis-
souri, Kentucky, and Tennessee; besides
detachments from other States. In many
of them were regimental hospitals, and in
all of them sick soldiers, under treatment
by regimental surgeons. Prom the com-
manding officers and surgeons of these
regiments I obtained information of the
wants of their men in camp, and have from
time to time furnished them with such
sanitaiy supplies as were required.

•Prom my frequent visits to their camps,
I know that the supplies furnished were
faithfully applied; and the officers and
soldiers in many of them have voluntarily



The Sanitmry Commission BuUetin.



441



tmited in letters of thanks to the Aid
Societies and ladies of the Northern States,
for the supplies received through their
agency. Those letters I have forwarded
to you, and many of thAn are published
in^ supplement to the Sanitaru 'Reporter.

If any one doubts the good that is done
through the U. S. Sanitary Commission,
let him read the effusions of thankfulness
from the warm hearts of our gallant soldiers.
Testimony to the same effect could be had
from thousands more, if it were desired.

The following articles, irom the U. S.
Sanitary Commission, were distributed
among the soldiers of the regiments around
Nashville, during the months of January
and February, 1864:

Blankets, 42; comforts, 158; bedticks, 62;
pillows, 121; pillow cases, 249; sheets, 212;
shirts, 908; drawers, 672 pairs; towels, 688;
socks, 636 pairs; slippers, 38 pairs; mittens,
150 pairs; fruit, 351 cans; condensed beef,
134 cans; dried fruit, 5,800 lbs. ; groceries,
855 lbs. , such as farina, &c. ; wine and spirits,
272 bottles; condensed milk, 48 cans; apple
butter, 88 gallons; pickles, 512 gallons;
kraut, 2,150 gallons; potatoes, 623 bushels,
onions, 231 bushels; ale 106 gallons; green
apples, 14 bushels; crackers, 612 lbs.; tea,
50 lbs. ; sugar, 370 lbs. Besides a variety
of smaller articles.

The supplies furnished to State agencies
from the U. S. Sanitary Commission, which
are considerable, are not included in the
above list of articles distributed. The
greatest need I found to exist amongthe
regimefits from East Tennessee. The men
of these regiments have been compelled to
carry on a desultory warfare with the rebels,
many months before Gen. Burnside reach-
ed Knoxville.

. They had suffered every thing but the
loss of their lives and honor. Their prop-
erty had been plundered or destroyed, ftnd
they had been driven from their homes, to
find shelter and a precarious subsistence in
the mountains.

When protection came, they rallied un-
der the federal flag, with brave hearts, but
in a weak and exhausted bodily condition.
' Owing to these circumstances, sickness
had been more fatal among them, than
among the ilien of other regiments. In
talking upon this subject with Dr. Mitchell,
the Surgeon of the 102d Ohio regiment of
infantry, whose camp was near them, and
who had often visited them when sick, he
remarked, that when any of them had a
severe attack of disease, they were sure to
die, not only for the reason above mention-
ed, but for another reason which he stated,
to this effect: they have no home, no pleas-
ant future in anticipation; the mothers, and
sisters, wives and daughters, of many of
them, have perished; while those that sur-
vive are houseless wanderers, within th^
rebel lines, from whom no tidings can be



had, or pining and starving amidst the des-
olations of their once happy country.

Such is the picture that continually pre-
sents itself before the minds of the East
Tennessee soldiers;, and when disease seizes
upon them, it is no wonder that it should
prove fatal, aggravated, as it must be, by
sickness of heart that no medicine can cure.

The U. S. Sanitary Commission has done
for them what it could, and I have the sat-
isfaction of knowing it has done very much
to relieve their sufferings.



HOMES AND LODGES.

NASHVILLE,

During the four weeks ending April 30, 4, 760
soldiers have been admitted from twenty-four
different States; 4, 867 lodgings have been fur-
nished, and 18,525 meals. Transportation has
been furnished for 4,31#; and pay, to the
amount of $8,328.04, has been drawn and paid
over.

MEMPHIS.

At the Lodge at Memphis there have been
admitted, during the four weeks ending May
1st, 1,444 men, from twenty different States;
4,389 meals were furnished, and 1,169 lodgings.
Transportation was procured for 117.

CAMP NELSON.

The following is a statement of the opera-
tions of the Home at this Post, for the month of
April 1864.

The uncertain destiny of Gamp Nelson for the
past month, seems to have suspended its usual
operations, and also to have directed trade and
travellers from the Camp.

However, Camp Nelson is not now the scene
of the gigantic business which it once was, oon-
sequentlj', we have to report a smaller number
of inmates of the Home for the month, of April.

Number of lodgings for the month of April,
2, 484. Number of meals for the month of April,
7,455.

On the 18fch of April, Chaplain Henderson, of
the 112th Illinois Regiment, advised me that
(14) fourteen barrels of potatoes, (2) two k'egs of
pickles, and one box of sundries, were at Paris,
Ky., for his regiment, and he desired me to pro-
cure them for distribution, as Sanitary stores.



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