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tongue, &c. ; and certainly after much more
observation than the friend can possibly have
had.

Supposing the patient to be possessed of com-
mon sense, how can the "favorable" opinion,
if it is to be called an opinion at all, of the
casual visitor " cheer" him, when different from
that of the experienced attendant? Unques-
tionably the latter may, and often does, turn
out to be wrong. But which is most likely to
be wrong ?

The fact is, that the patient is not "cheered"
at all by these well-meaning, most tiresome
friends. On the contrary, he is depressed and
wearied. If, on the one hand, he exerts himself
to tell each succe^ive member of this too num-
erous conspiracy, whose name is legion, why
he does not thirik as they do — in what respect
he is worse — what symptoms exist that they
know nothing of— he is fatigued instead of
" cheered," and his attention is fixed upon him-
self. In general, patients who are really ill do
not want to talk about themselves. Hypochon-
driacs do, but again I say we are not on the
subject of hypochondriacs.

If, on the other hand, and which is much
more frequently the case, the patient says no-
thing, but the Shakespearian "Oh!" "Ah!"
"Go to!" and "In good sooth!" in order to
escape from the conversation about himself the
sooner, he is depressed by want of sympathy.
He feels isolated in the midst of friends. He
feels what a convenience it would be, if there
were any single person"to whom he could speak
simply and openly, without pulling the string
upon himself of this shower-bath of silly hopes
and encouragements; to whom he could express
his wishes and directions without that person
persisting in saying, "I hope that it will please
God yet to give you twenty years," or, "You



The Sanitary Commission BiHMin.



507



have a long life of activity before you. '' How
often we see at the end of biographies, or of
cases recorded in medical papers, " after along
illness A. died rather suddenly," or, "unexpect-
edly both to himself and to others." "Unex-
pectedly" to others, perhaps, who did not see,
because they did not look; but by no means
"unexpectedly to himself," as I feel entitled to
believe, both from the internal evidence in such
stories, and from watching similar cases; there
was every reason to expect that A. would die,
and he knew it; but he found it useless to insist
upon Ms own knowledge to his friends.

In these remarks I am alluding neither to
acute cases which terminate rapidly nor to
" nervous" cases.

By the first, much interest in their own dan-
ger is very rarely felt. In writings of fiction,
whether novels or biographies, these death-beds
are generally depicted as almost seraphic in
lucidity of intelligence. Sadly large has been
my experience in death-beds, and I can only
say that I have seldom or never seen such. In-
difference, excepting with regard to bodily suf-
fering, or to some duty the dying man desires
to perform, is the far more usual state.

The "nervous case," on the other hand,
delights in figuring to himself apd others a
fictitious danger.

But the long chronic case, who knows too
weE himself, and who has been told by his
physician that he will never enter active life
again, who feels that every month he has to give
up something he could do the month before —
oh ! spare such sufferers your chattering hopes.
Ton do not know how you worry and weary
them. Such real sufferers cannot bear to ti.Ik
of themselves, still less to hope for what they
cannot at all expect.

So also as to all the advice showered so pro-
fusely upon such sick, to leave off some occu-
pation, to try some other doctor, some other
house, climate, pill, powder, or specific; I say
nothing of the inconsistency — for these advisers
are sure to be the same persons who exhorted
the sick man not to believe his own doctor's
prognostics, because "doctors are always Inis-
takeri," but to believe some other doctor, be-
cause " this doctor is always right." Sure also
are these advisers to be the persons to bring the
sick man fresh occupation, while exhorting him
to leave his own.

Wonderful is the face with which friends, lay
and medical, wiU come in and worry the patient
with recommendations to do something or other,
having just as little knowledge as to its being
feasible, or even safe for him, as if they were to
recommend a man to take exercise, not knowing
he had broken his leg. What would the friend
say, if he were the medical attendant, and if the
patient, because some other friend had come in,
becaxise somebody, anybody, nobody, had re-
commended something, anything, nothing, were
to disregard his orderfi, and take that other body's
recommendation? But people never think of
this.

To me these commonplaces, leaving their
smear upon the cheerful, single-hearted, con-
stant devotion to duty, which is so often seen
in the decline of such sufferers, recall the slimy
trail left by the snail on the sunny southern
garden-wall- loaded vrith fruit. — Miss NigMin-
gak.



PROTECTIVE

op THE ^

STATE OF NEW YOBK.



OFFICE, 35 CHAMBERS STREET,



IPrQsidsiit
Lieut. -Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT,

"Vice-Presidents.
Hon. HAMILTON FISH.
JOHN J. CISCO, Esq.
ADMIBAL DUPONT.
RUDOLPH A. WITTHAU8, Esq.

EOBT. B. Ik^pfTUEN, Esq.
^3 JT6 ctors

HoNS. E. D. MORGAN, GEOEGE OPDTKE,
HIKAM BARNEY, JAS. W. BEEKMAN. Rev.
H. W. BELLOWS, D.D. Messbs. JOHN JACOB
ASTOR, JAMES BROWN, WM. H. ASPINWALL,
JAS. GALLATIN, HOWARD POTTER, WM. E.
DODGE, Jb., THEODORE ROOSEVELT, PETER
COOPER, GEORGE BANCROFT, DANIEL LORD,
WILSON G. HUNT,ROBT. L. STUART, ALEBED
PELL.

Apply in person or by lette^^to

HENRY GREENFIELD, &c'y,

35 Chambebs Stbbet, New York.



OBJECTS OF THE ASSOCIATION.

1st. To secure the soldiers and sailors and
fheir families, any claims for pensions, pay,
or bounty, etc. , without cost to the claimant.

2d. To protect soldiers or sailors and their
families from imposture and fraud.

3d. To prevent false claim,s from being
made against the Government.

ith. To give gratuitous advice and infor-
mation to soldiers and sailors or their fami-
lies needing it.

THE MEECANTILE MAEINE
INSURANCE COMPANY.

IVo. 33 Wall Street, IVew Tork.



INCORPORATED APRIL, 1842.
Assets over $1,400,000.



MAEINE and Inland Transportation risks on Tessels.
Freight and Merchandise insured on tho most favorable
terms.

Policies are issued, loss, if any, payahle in Gold, or at
the office of RATHBONE, BROTHERS & CO., Liverpool, if
desired.

Parties effecting insurance at this office may participate
in the scrip dividend* of profits, or receive an eq^uivalent
cash discount, at their own option.

The risk of war covered at the lowest current rates.

ELLWOOD WALTER, Fres't.
CHAS. NEWCOMB, Vice-Pres't.
C. J. Despabd, Secretary.



508



Th£ Sanitary Commission BuUetin.



THE U. S. SANITARY COMMISSION
Was constituted by the Secretary of War in
June, 1861, in accordance with the recommen-
dation of the Siirgeon-General of the V. S.
Army, and its appointment ajid plan of organi-
zation were approved by the President of the
United States. Its present organization is as
follows:

H. W. BeUows, D.D., New York.

A. D. Baohe, LL.D., Washington, D. 0.

F. L. Ohnsted, California.

George T. Strong, Esq., New York.

Elisha Harris, M.D., New York.

W. H. Van Bureu, M.D., New York.

A. E. Shiras, U. S. A.

E. C. Wood, Assistant Surg.-Cren'l U. S. A.
Woleott Gibbs, M.D., New York.

S. G. Howe, M.D., Boston, Mass.

C. E. Agnew, M.D., New York.

J. S. Newberry, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio.

Kt. Kev. T. M. Clarke, Providence, R I.

Hon. B. W. Burnett, Cincinnaiti, Ohio.

Hon. Mark Skinner, Chicago, lU.

Hon. Joseph Holt,' Washington, D. C.

Horace Binney, Jr., Fhdladelphi,a, Penn.

Rev. J. H. Heywood, Louisville, Ky.

J. Huntington Woleott, Boston, Mass.

Prot Fairman Bogers, Philadelphia, Penn.

C. J. Stillf.

Ezra B. MoCagg, Chicago, HI.

«IL officbbb:
H. W. BeUows, D.D., President.
A. D. Bache, IJL.p^ Vice-President.
George T. Strong, Treasurer.
J. Foster Jenkins, M.D., General Secretary.
J. S. Newberry, M.D., Associate Secretary.
J. H. Douglas, M.D., Associate Secretary.

F. N. Knapp, Associate Secretary.

STANDDIO COMMITTEE.

Henry W. Bellows, D.D.
George T. Strong.
William H. Van Buren, M.D.
Woleott Gibbs, M.D.
C. E. Agnew, M.D.



HOSPITAL DIRECTORY.

The Saailtary OommlBsion lias made arrangementB
for supplying iiiformation gratuitously, Witt regard to
patients in all the TTuited States General Hospitals.

For information relative to patients in the Hospitals in
New York, New Jersey, the New England States, East-
em Virginia, Maryland, District of Columbia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Mori^and liouislanft, address
"OfSoe of Sanitary Commission, Washington, D. 0."

For the Hospitals in Pennsylvania, ad,dress "Office of
Sanitary Commission, No. 1,307 Chestnut Street, Phila-
delphia."

:^r the Hospitals in Western Virginia, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis-
sippi, BHi Arkansas, address "Ofloe Sanitary Com-
mission, LouiBTUle, Ky."

In all cases the name, ^ank, company, and regiment of
the person inquired for should be given, and where he
was when last heard from. If the appUoation is by letter,
the answer will he sent by return of maU ; if in pwson,
it wiU be answered at once; or if by telegraph, an
answer will be returned immediately at the mquirer's
expense. ^

JB- Soldiers' Aid BooletioB, olergyiaen, editors, and
othSs, can scarcely serve the cause of humanity more
effectuauFthan by Weo'ly and widely dissemtoating
S tamrtedge of the above, among those who have fnends
In the army.



SUPPLY DEPARTMENT.

The Sanitary Commission, under special author-
ity of the President of the United States, maiatains
an extensive system of agencies for securing the
safe conveyance to, and distribution of, goods put
in.its charge for the sick and wounded at pomts
w^re they are most wanted. It operates with
egual care and generosity at all points — at New Or-
leans and at Washington, before Charleston and at
Chattanooga^-its distributions being governed by a
comparison of the wants of the patients in all cases.
The following is a list of depots, to which auxiliary
societies^ and all disposed to aid the sick and
wounded, without reference to States or locaJitieB,
but simply to their relative necessity for. assist-
ance, are invited to send their offerings:

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 18 West
Street, Boston, Mass.

Sanitary Oommissipn, Branch Depot, No. 10 3d
Avenue, New York.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 1,307
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.

Sanitary CommisBion, BrE^ch. Depot, No. 46
South Sharp Street, Baltimore, Md. •

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, comer Vine
and Sixth Streets, Cincinnati, O.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 95
Bank Street, Cleveland, 0. •

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 66 Mad-
ison Street, Chicago, lU.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 2 Ad-
am's Block,, Buffalo, New York._

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 59 1th
Street, Pittsburg, Penn.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, No. 32 Lar-
ned Street, Detroit, Mich.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Columbus,
Ohio.

Sanitary Commission, Branch Depot, Fifth Street,
LouisviUe, Ky.

The Commission receives no pecuniary aid what-
ever from the Government, and is wholly depend-
ent on the voluntary contributions of the public for
the means of sustaining its operations. Contribu-
tions to the Treasury are solicited, and may be
transmitted to George T. Strong, Esq., Treasurer,
68 WaU Street, N. Y.



RELIEF DEPARTMENT.

Oeneral Superintendent, Bev. F. N. Knapp, Washing-
ton, D. C. Chief Assistant, J. B. Abbott.

Soldiers' Home, near Baltimore Bailroad Depot, Wash-
ington, D. 0.

Soldier's Lodge, 76 Kingston Street, Boston.

Lodge No. i, H Street, between 13th and Uth Streets.

Lodge No. 6, MaryWd Avenue, near Bailroad Station.

Nurses' Home, Washington, D. O.

Soldiers' Home, Third Street, east of Broadway, Cin-
cinnati, Ohio— CoL Q. W. D. Andrews, Sup't.

Soldiers' Home, Cairo, m.— 0. N. Shlpmam, Sup't and
Belief Agent.

Soldiers' Home, Louisville, Ky James Malona, Sup't

James Morton, Special Belief A^ent.

Soldiers' Home, Nashville, Tenn.— L. Crane, Sup't and
Belief Agent.

Soldiers' Home, Columbus, Ohio , Sup't.

Soldiers' Home, Cleveland, Ohio— Clark Warren, Sup't
anc^ Belief Agent.

Soldiers', Lodge, near landing, Memphis, Tenn.— O.W.
Oluisty, Sup't and Belief Agent.

Soldiers' Lodge, Vioksburg, Miss.- T. Way, Sup't.

ACIEITOV FOB PENSIONS.

WiHiam F. Bascom, Pension Agent, Washington, D.

BOSFITAIi OASa.

Between Washington and New York— Sol. Andrews,
M. D., Surgeon in charge.

Between New York and Boston, via Springfield.

Between Louisville and Murfreesboro'— Dr. J. P. Bar-
num. Surgeon in charge.

SAHITABX STKftMU'.a.

Cumberland Blver^New Dnnleitb.



Th£ SamVairy Oomrmssim. BiMetin.




I



FRED'O S. OOZZENS,



J liiiiNiiT

73 Warren Street^ JVew ^nr/e.



9



(Opposite Hudson River R. R. Depot,)

AND

PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Vy/ashifigton, D. C,

(Two doors from Willard'e.)

OF THE PUREST QUALITt, FOR



OS, dSSG.,



MEDICINAL AND SANITARY PURPOO,

Such as are extensively used in the

A.iid by the S^I^ITARY 003y:]Sd:iSSI0]S'.

ALSO, AMERICAN WINES OF THE HIGHEST GRADES.

Sole Agent in New York and Washington for

Long-worth's Sparkling and Still Catawfea Wine,
Brandies, etc., etc.



^V



^



^^^^^^^^




M.



'^



Adapted to every branch of business.

MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE ORIGINAL INVENTORS,

E. & T. FAIRBANKS & CO, St. Johnshury, Vermont.

PRINCIPAL WAREHOUSES:
FAIRBAITKS & CO , No. 252 Broadway, New York.
FAIRBANKS & BRCWN No. 118 Milk Street, Boston.
PAIRBANKS,*GRBBWt.BAP & CO., No. 172 Lake Street, Chicago.
FAIRBANKS & BWING, Masonic HaU, Philadelphia.
FAIRBANKS & CO., No. 246 Baltimore Street, Baltimore.

DescriptiTe circulars famished or njailed to any address, on application to either of
the above. ,



The Sanitary Commission BvUetin.



RECEIVED

TWO PRIZE MEDALS





(FKOM JUKIES 3 Am) 4)

AT THE



INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION,



Being Sole Awards gained by anything of the kind. It also received Superlative Eeport of
"EXCEEDIJVG EXCELLENT FOR FOOD."



MAIZENA,

M the GREAT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION at HAMBURG, July, 1863, received
the highest Prize Medal for its great delicacy as an article of food.

MAIZENA,

At the FAIR of the NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOOIETT, at Utica, N. T.,
September, 1863, received both Diploma and Medai.

MAIZENA,

AT THE

Pennsylvania State Fair at Norristown,

OoT. 3, 1863, TOOK Gold Medal.

" MAIZENA" has also tal^en the first premium at the American Institctb, New York
City; New Jmiset State Fair at Trenton, and at other places — ^in every instance where
it has beei) exhibited.

" MAIZENA" has never failed to receive the highest award when placed in competi-
tion with Corn Starch and all articles of like character, after a thorough Microscopical
and Analytical Examination of disinterested judges. It therefore stands commended to
the public as the best article of its kind in the world without any comments of the manu-
facturer.

MAIZENA,

For Puddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, &o., without isinglass, with few or no eggs,
at a cost astonishing the most economical. It is also excellent for thickening sweet sauces,
gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream, nothing can compare with it. A
little boiled in milk will produce rich cream for Coffee, Chocolate, Tea, &o.

Put up in one pound packages, under the trade mark " Maizena, " with directions
for use.

A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale by
Grocers and Druggists everywhere.

WHOLESALE DEPOT, 166 FULTON STREET.

WM, OURYEA. Geiipral Agcist,



The Sanitmry Commission BvEetin. 511



OFFICE OF THE



dCoIumWau {^um) ^mxmtt

CORNER OF WALL AND NASSAU STREETS.



CASH CAPITAL, - Sl,000,000.



From Statement for the Sixth Fiscal Tear, ending December 31, 1863,

Total Amount of Assets, January 1, 1864 |3,U0,9ap 80

Total Amount of Premiums 3,252,236 T6

Excess of Earned Premiums over Losses, &c 1,137,063 33

Reserve for Estimate Claims TJnadjustM and other Contingencies , . : 441,206 49

Guaranteed Cash Dividend to Dealers, ^holding certificates of same) on
Paid Premiums Earned during the Year, whether Loss has Accrued

or not 269,614 80

Scrip Dividend to Dealers, on Earned Premiums 15 per cent.

Dividend for the Year to Stockholders 26 per cent.



LOSSES PAID IN GOLD upon Ms on which the Premium is paid in le Cnrreney.

DEALERS WITH THIS COMPANY will be allowed the 'option (to be
signified at the time of application for insurance) of receiving iu lieu of scrip, at the end
of each year, RETURNS IN CASH, (guaranteed by certificate) of premiums paid and
earned during the year, whether loss accrues or not, upon all new risks under the NEW
YORK FORM OP POLICY, as foUows:

1st. Upon aU VOYAGE Risks upon CARGO, a return of TWENTY-EIVB

PER CENT.

2d. Upon VOYAGE Risks upon FREIGHT, a return of TWENTY per cent.
3d. Upon TIME Risks upon FREIGHT, and upon VOYAGE and TIME Risks
upon HULLS, a return of TEN per cent.

Such privilege, however, being confined to persons and firms, the aggregate of whose
premiums upon such policies earned and paid during the year, shall amount to the sum of
one hundred dollars.

DIRECTORS.

EDWARD KOWE, M. F. MEKIOK, MOSES ilERICK,

DANIEL W. LORD, WM. B. OGDEN, DAVm J. ELY,

GEORGE MILN, JOHN ARMSTRONG, JOSEPH MORRISON,

JOHN ATKINSON, B. 0. MORRIS, WM. H. POPHAM,-

THOS. a. C. COCHRANE, ANDREW J. RICH, B. C. MORRIS, JB.,

WM. H. HAI;3EY, DAN'L W. TELLER, EZRA NYE,

THOS. BARRON, JOHM D. BATES, JR., ^ HENRY J. CAMMANN,

ROLAND G. inrcHELL, CHARLES HICKOX, THOMAS LORD,

ALBERT G. LEE, ROBERT BOWNE, ROBERT S. HOLT,

GEORGE P. DESHON, LAWRENCE MYERS, J. B. GRIEFIN.

0. L. KIMS, S. N. DERRICK,

THOS. LORD, Vice-President. ^ B. C. MOKEUS, President.

WM. M. WHITNEY, 2d Vice-President and Secretary.



^^ ^rh£ Samtary Commission BuTMin.



KOETH AMERICAN

Fire Insurance Company,

IN THE CITY OP NEW YOBK.

« ,,^ .^^^w^,.,,^,^,,^

OFFICE, No. 114 BROADWAY.



II^OORP'OTl^TED 1823.

CASH CAPITALfMaylJ

AND SURPLUS,! 1864, ^^^^^^^^ ^^'

ASSETS:

Loans on Bond and Mortgage, being first lien on Real Estate,

worth over Fifty per cent, above the amount loaned $173,160 00

Stocks, Bonds and other Securities owned by the Company, mar-
ket value ] 365,960 00

Cash in Bank and Office 24,282 15

Loans on demand with collaterals. 71,400 00

Premiums due and outstanding .■ 3,820 81

Cash in Agents' hands in course of transmission [business of April

received] 13,491 57

Interest accrued on Securities 21,684 60

Other Property of Company I,2ti5 00

1675,014 13
Losses unadjusted $10,500 00



K



Insures Property against Loss or Damage by Tire at usual rates,
and returns three-fourths of the net Profits, each year, to the As-
sured. " ^

Policies Issued and Losses paid at the Office of the Company, or at
its various Agencies in the principal cities in the United States.

JAMES W. OTIS, President.
R. W. BLEECKER, Secretary.
R p. MASQN, Sup't Agencies.



THE



SANITARY COMMISSION
BULLETIN.



Vol. I.



NEW YORK, JULY 1, 1864.



No. 17.



CONTENTS.

Page.
Bepobts —

Sherman'B Department S13

Belief Work at Port Boyal 522

Point Isabella Hospital, Ky 535

Abmi S-dboeons, 523

HospiTAii Clothing — Correction 525

SOEITES IN Fkedebicksbxteg 526

Lettee Wbiting in Camp 531

What is BEisa done foe Siok and Wounded

soldiebs 531

Homes and Lodges 534

Notes on Nubsino 536

The Sanitabt Commission Bitlletin is published
on tJte fir si and fifteenth of emery month, and as it
has a circulation, gratuitous or other, of above 14,000
copies, it offers an^musuaUy valuable medium for
advertising.

AR communications must be addressed to the Ed-
itor, at the office, 823 Broadway, and must be au-
Sientieated by the names and addresses of the writers.

As the continuance of the publication of the Bitl-
IiEtin is uncertain, depending on (hat of the war,
and on the resources of the XT. S. Sanitary Oom-
mission — tlie Standing Committee feds a certain de-
gree of reluctance to solicit subscriptions for it — and
thereby to pledge the Commission to its issue for a
definite period. *



■ The Committee understand, however, thai some of
their friends to whom it is now sent gratuitously, ex-
press a wish to pay for it, and they therefore give
notice thai the sum of two doUars, remitted to the
Treasurer, (G. T. Steong, 68 WaU Street, or No.
823 Broadway, New York,) vnB secure its being sent
to such coniribvior during the remainder of the cur-
rent year, unless its publication be sooner discon-
tinued.
Vol.. I.— No. 17. 33



SHERMAN'S DEPARTMENT.

iSSUSa 4.T CHATTANOOaA.

Dr. Bead reports to Dr. Newberry, from
Chattanooga, June 12:

For a long time eveSts have so crowded
upon each other, in this department, and
my work has been of such a miscellaneous
character, that it has been impossible for
me to give you any detailed statement of
that part of the work especially under my
observation.

A brief allusion to the more prominent
occurrences of the past, and to the lessons
they seem to teach, would, perhaps, be all
you would care to read during the stirring
events of the present.

During the spring and summer of 1863,
the Commissary's Department ^nd the
Commission furnished a large supply of
vegetables to the soldiers in the field, and'
when in midsummer the army advanced'
from Murfreesboro', the men were in good
condition, and though the long march to
Chattanooga was a tedious one, over mounr
tain roads, it was through a country "where
green com, potatoes, fruits and berries
were comparatively abundant.

In getting into Chattanooga, our army
met the rebels in overwhelming numbers on
the bloody field' of Chiokamauga, and
though they retired from the battle-field,
they won, at a terrible loss,, a substantial
victory, and Chattanooga was firmly held."

But our army there was reaUy besieged;
the soldiers there, to a great extent, had
lost their clothing, tents,., and blankets.
The means of transportation Were so limits
ed, that the loss could not be supplied.
During the cold wet weathec that followed
•after, fences, shade trees, aiid all spare build-
ings were consumed. Camp-fires were verjj



514



The Sanitary Commission^ BvEetin.



rarely kindled, either for warmth or for cook-
ing, on account of the want of wood.

The severely wounded were returned
here in crowded hospitals, sparingly pro-
Tided with the articles of diet, clothing,
etc., which such men need, although every
available means was employed to get stores
through from Stevenson, and the hospitals
were much better suppUed,' than any other
part of the army. I was enabled to get
though a large supply of condensed milk,
an article, in such an emergency, of ines-
timable value, used freely in tea and coffee,
as a dressing for toast and rice, and for
making mQk punches; it alone I have no
'floubt, saved hundreds of lives, and this
was the testimony of all the surgeons whom
I heai'd speak of it.

In the meantime our brave soldiers have
exhibited the highest types of heroism.
Inadequately clothed, many without blank-
ets, with leaking tents, or none at all, on
half and quarter rations, of the current
articles of diet alone; their pitiful allowance
of hard tack, frequently wet and mouldy,
gathering from the streets the scattering
grains of corn "to parch," and thus eke
out their scanty allowance; encamped in a
sea of mud, exposed to the constant fall
rains without flre; their encampments a
daily target for the enemy's shells, their
confidence in their cause, and in their com-
mander was unshaken, and the determina-
tion to endure this and more, as long as it
might be necessary, wa^ universal. In
riding through the camps complaints and
murmjirings were unheard, and I doubt not
had the vote of the soldiers been taken, in
the most untoward circumstances, the de-
cision would have been nearly, or quite
unanimous, "to die in Chattanooga, rather
than abandon it."

The deliverance for which they waited,
came in the series of brilliant battles in
November, with such a loss as was of
course inevitable; and our hospitals were •
again crowded with wounded. Communi-
cation was opened by river and by railroad,
and the stores accumulated at Stevention,



Online LibraryUnited States Sanitary CommissionBulletin → online text (page 95 of 237)