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ibe British troops will be much employ- of our depcudeore on Ute Great R^ler oS
fd ill this war. At prc^nt, dwy a^c at ail events, with the necessity of being piiie«
too great a distance fnun the scene of pa:ed, when occasion requires it, to imi-
action : if by mc>j>:.^ ot our ilcei we had tate the valour of tbe hero >of Tra^«
sent the troi)^):) iv>w in the electorate of gar, in the defence of our OMBitry. I'fac '
^ Hanover to Wnice, tiwy nii^ht have iittle resistance made by tbe cuizeiu of
been of ^raat s(j\ ire in che c king -Vias- Vienna, and the subjecu of the Anst ia«
sena, or in folio wi 11^5 him, ii', a^ we ap-. depende^icies, must coavincc every one
|>rehend, he has U: -a railed to t!)c as- how necessary is a judtcioas amn^^meaK .
sistAture of the main I'rendi arniv. It of thcst.ength of the whole ctxmtry, ia
is said, that bot'.i Iu<i;lish and Rub(»ia)is diat it may at any rime be collected with
an: (unded at N..;>i.s ; if they have, tlicy ease, to resist the invasion of the doo^
can do !>o hariu to the i nach, attd will powerful *rcm v.

serve only as a ]nct.>2:( u> iruona^^artc, if But the thanksgivingday fills tbe mind
he is successfiit, lo iuii) . c* what new with many other sensations; and is diera-
ternu heph:a^c$ on thel 4ni£ of UieTwo a heart so lifeless, so tittle, imptcssed
Sicilies. • • with tbe .prevailing sentiment of &»

In tlie midst of this bustle of arms, Christian Religion^ as not to hax-e cos- ^
our curiosity after news may be sus- tempiated with joy, tbtf union of so man^
ponded to deplore, for a few moments,- discordant sects-tn th^ same aa of gnii'
tlie ioss of a orince, the pride of bis tude to the Great Creator P KehgioaSb
country, and WHO mo itcd by the wisdom dilferenccs must subsist; but to make
of iiiii conduct universal applau^e. This them the bond of cLvil disonion, is not
Was the heir to the crown of Denmark, only totally contrary to tbe fisat piiaciples
in whose hando, from the infirmity of of Cbristiamty, but impolitic and ahsiinL
his father, had been pLxi^d tbe reins oi Even when the religion of the chiuch'of
government. He was tlr son of the l^giard was predominant in this king-^
Miifortuuate Matilda, the .\>^u.*r of our dom, tbe mode of supporting it i)y tests
king; her story iii tvcU know:) : she did could only moke hypoctiscsi and sow
not live to enjoy the satisfaction that a when the ehurcbis-suak somtxrh belo»
mother, who had undergone so much its state a hundred years ago, and. people^
euifering, pniiEt have felt at eccingason, in*' general - are little inclined to w€irf
arrivifig to the sumiiHt of a mother's each other £ar their respective opniom;
wishes, living universally belo^^, dying there is an opening vsr)r ^tvourable for-
uniiert^aliy Idnier.ied ! « " uniting a(l sects -of Cibnaoam^ aod aking

The di^aib uf tbu exier-to-be-lamentcd from any the proud and wicked pinoo*.
Lord iVi^eUan, wiih the expectation of tbe pie of domineering over the ^h oif ^ofh
arrival of bis h^y to the spoi a^sigtied for ther.

the£fst mark U rc&pect ro his reiaains, It is remarkable, that ia Ac lisrof fub-
continues to throw a glootn Of 1 every coun- scriptions for 'the relief of the tclotiyes «f
tetiaace. 1 his wa^ fcinat-kahlv' vi:»-Tl)lc on the deceased husoes of 'i<rafaigar,.tfae Dis*
the day appointed (or the gcrytral thankf:- &rruerfi- have obtained a -pre^emiiieace.
giving. On this t>cca$ioE, the jsyjia^o-ues/ I'he greatest collection made aa ac^yoar
thsi».Ca'holic chapels^ the ^i'^ulh -^A place of. worship was in one of chcis
Scotch ch«i«Ws, the inootifi^v of d»*. cbapels-^a 4»pcliaB the soudhi. side «i

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BbfikCriars-bridge; smdaslong^as church-
^: men and dissenien vit mih esch other
*^ in this maimer, and the only contest is,
'^ which shall excel the other in doing flood,
'} %e shall wkh pJeasure mark their efiorts.
'« The service appropriated to the day in
^' Ac established cbuich was alse drawn up
■t with a dignity that has been wanted in
t nany preceding compositions of this kind.
J There were none or these degrading ex-
pressions of the enemy being so wrath-
t; fully displeased ac us, inat he would swal-
a, low us up quick; and the service was
■4 evidently composed and examined by per-
il sons of good tiaste, knowled^ of compo-
I sition, and a due sense ot religion. In-
it " deed, so striking^ were the prayers in this
} respect, that one of them, we were told,
was used in the Unitarian cha^l in Es-
sex-street; a circumstance which led us
, ' to look over the service, and we with
pleasure remarked its excellence. The
sermons also, m most places, were free
fiom adulation, and more abpropriate to
a religious service than is always known
upon th^e occasions ; and if every one
followed the plan of the eloquent ptreacher
at the great Methodist meeting in Tot-
tenham^ourt-road, the victory off Tra-
&Ig|H' Would lead to the most important
seflecaens. From discussing the nature
of victory, and the gratitude to be ex-
pfessed for this temporal success, the
preacher took occasion to enlarge upon
a much greates victory, the certainty of
vhich cannot be doubted, and that is the
victory* of our Saviour Jesus Christ, and
hir final triumph over all bis enemies.
'Thfi discourse was delivered in a very,
impressive manner, with ^o little excejv-
tiooableja voice, gesture, and expression,
abat with proper pains to correct a few
~ points, the preacher bids fair to excel in
' ni eloqiience.

^he contributions at tbediffisrent places
•f woiship were sent toa society unoer the


Patriotic Fund, a society of
ttaden and dealers in money, established
ataoofiee-houseinthe city, called Lloyd's
Coffee-house. The manner in which
file contributions were raised and. invest-
ed, is liable to some objectJ^%'S for,
first, in cases of money nMnd^Jt dkurch
dooEiy the king's signrmanual bas^. to this
time, been considered as requisite ; and it
acamcd to be a very extraordinary mea«
mtatci that persMt o( no note in the ktiu;-
4om sfaould iaiae a kind ot precept for
cootribtttiottf in every parish. Besides,
IB tile distribution of the money, it ap*
seared strange dial penOM of 90 JitUe

note should write to the admirals of %
British fleet, and call upon them for listt
of the killed and wounded. The irregu-
larity in this case may be passed over, for
the object is assuredly praiseworthy ; and
persons concerned so much with money
and accounts, misht well be trusted witn
the distribution of sums, in which it can-
not be' supposed, frbm their wealth, that
any motive to improper conduct will sug-
gest itself 9 and tney are more likely than
perhaps any other class, to ascertain the
nttest objects for national benevolence.
But if we are unwilling to accede to the
objections made against the Patriotic
.Fund, with respect to the distribution o(
the money appropriated to the relief of
the killed and mounded in the battle ofF
Trafalgar, we cannot but view its con-
duct, in another respect, with a very sus-^
picious eye. This society of am d
tftnoti komaus, at Lloyd's, are becQ|De,
the rewarders of merit, and the distrilmtera
of honours. They send vases, and swords,
and punes, to aamiraU and distingiiished
officers ; and a correspondence takes place
between the navy ot Great Britain and
the frequenters, or a coffee-house. It it
natural for an admiral, on receiving a
letter of con^tulation on his galUnt
deeds, to enquire after the person with
whose signature it is concluded. Now»
Hiay it not happen, that the same gazette
which records a victory, may also give •
ptace to the secretary of this society at
Lloyd't, in a quarter not very creditable ,2
Now this is not impossible, and such a
concurrence of cireumstances ou^ht to be
avoided. We give the Patriotic Fund
all credit for its humanity and patriotism, t
but we would confine it entirely to otio
object, for which it is competent, namely^
the relief of distress, and the^ division of
subscriptions among the wounded, or the
relatives of the killed and wounded ; but
when it takes upop itself the distributios
of honours, it seems tq be going beyond
the mark, to be entering upon a busmesa
which belongs solely to tiie kiog, or to
those public bodies which are acknow-
ledged by the state. The setting up of
such a body for such purposes, is a dan*
gerous precedent; and we would wish
our army and navy to look to other quar*
ters to reward their exertions .

Our last left Sir S. Smith preparing,
by new devices to destroy the flotilla la
fioologne harbour. The attempt was
made, the commander was sanpiine ia
bis hopes of success; the wind, itissai^
V» the cause that he wis baffled ; bt


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^.58 Stale Papers.

Certain it n, that hr refumcd" with the appear in theory, wc shall doubt its ct^

rrus tt»t his enterprise had not succeeded, ficacy till it has been tried in real action.

How far the catamarans and rockets may The parliament will probably meet nexr

be. rffcacicMis remains still a ch>ubt, hue momn ; what an account the mtrister \^-x 11

wf do not im^gifie that so j^reat prepa- have to render to the nation ! We shalF

rations will ne.iin he made fur the trial, then know in what situation Britain

Oiir titwps in the North of Geimany stands with rwpeet t© the coalescccT

have alsD a new scheme for annoving the powers ; and' tlie great question will be

<*iicmy. In war, experience is the great tried on a minister abusing his trust, an(£

guide : this inxTntion has not hitherto converting the public purse to his own.

been tried, and however excellent it may private purposes.

Extracts from the Official Accountf of the pesent fFinv

(CoHtlnued fh>m pafe 46^.)^ banis.— 'Answer. The bridge is borne.

CAPtTUJi.ATioN OF ULM. dowu, but all possiblc meaxu shall be takexL

W£, Alei. BcrtKie^^arshal uTtlie Km- to rebuild it.
pirc, &c. &c. and M. the Field VIII. The service shall be so reflated on

Klarshal Baron Mack, Quarter-^Iastcr-Gc- both udcs as to prevent any dlstDrbance^

neral of the Austrian ^rmics, have agreed and to maintain tnc best understanding.-^

upon the following; articles; Answer. The French and Austrian disci-

Articie I. The city of Ulm shall be sur- pline afford the firmest guanmteo m- tixis

rcfidered to the French army, with all the respect.

tiia^^^arines and artillery. — Answec The IX. AH the catab^, artillery, and wag^

hklf i>i the field-artillery ?ifaall be retained gon hori^, belonging to the Emperor of

by the Austrian troops. Refmed. ' Austria and King of Hungary, shall be

H. I'he garrison shall march out with all) given up to the French army,

the honours of war, and after filing ofi*, lay . X. The ist, 2d, ^d, 4th, and 9th article*

down their arms. 'Vh-z Ficid-Ofliccrs shall shall not be carricid into execution until it

be sent on their parole of honour, to Au- please the Comaiander in Chief of the Aus-

stria, and the soldiers and subalterns ahall trian troops ; provided nevertheless, that

be sent, into Frince, where theyshaD remain the period of execution shall not be Ikcer

until they are exchanf^ed. — Answer. The than twelve at noon of the ajth of October

whole shall be ^ent into Austria, under con- 180 3 ; and if by that time an army shoold

dition of not serving agahi^t France until aiakc its appearance in aufiicient force to

they are exchanged. Refused. raise the blockade, the garrison dttU, eon-

III. The ofiicerb and soldiers shuU rrtain f^^uabie to article V. be «t liberty to act
in the effects belonging to them. — Answer, as it may think- proper.

And aUo the regimtntal chr3t.«v. Agreed to. Done in Duplicate at Ulm, Oct. 17^ 180J.

IV. The sick and wounded Austn^ns Marshal Bsktbiek.
shall be treated in the same manner as the Gcneiial Mack.
French sick and wounded. — Answer. We Seventh Bulletin. Mhingetif Oct, 19.^— On
know the gcnerosiry and humanity of the tht i8th, at f>vc o^'clock in the morning,
French. Prince Mnrat arrived at Nbrlinren, aui

V. If, neverthe!cs<j, there should appear succeeded in surroimding the wvision </
by noon of rtic a.^th October, 1805, aft ar- Werncck, This general- solicited a oapittt«
tny capable of rai<»ing the blockade of tlhn, latioii. Lieutenants-General Wemech, Bai-
the garri<ion of this fortress shall in that case liet, Hobenzollcm, and Gcnends Vagel,
he releused from the present capitulation, Mackery, Hohenfield, Wieber, and Dieni*
and* at liberty to act as it may think fit^ - berg, are pri&oners on parole, with penni»»
Answer. If the blockade of Ulm should be sion to return home. i*he soldiers vrill be
r;uscd by an Austrian or Russian army be* sent to France as prisoners of war. More
fore twelve at night of the 25th of October, than two thousand cavalry have surrendered^
on whatsoever side, or at whatsoever gate and a brigade of di>mounted dragoons have
it bliall hu[p^'n to be, the garrison shall Seen mounted on their horses. — ^After a«-
freely depart with tlicir anns, artillery, and dience which tlie EmpcroK granted to Gen.
ciA'iiUy, to jclii the troops which may have Mack, at two o'clock thi^ aKtemoon, Msr-
vni'^ed the blockude. Agreed to. shal Berthier ftnd that General signed m

VI. One of the gates ©f Ulm (that of addition to the capitulation, purpdtting thtt
Stutgard) shrill be given up to the French Ulm ni»it he evacuated by the Austriai
anijy at seven o'clock to-morrow, as also garrison oa the 20th.-*-There «re at Ubn
i^uavtcrs sufficient for the accommodation of twenty seven 'thousand men» three thoosaad
ore brigade.' — Answer. Yes. hor>e8, 18. Generals,. and from 60 to S»

VI L The French army nxiy avail itself of pieces of cannon with their horses. Ha](

the grand bridge over the Danube, and the Emperor's Guard had already set est

Lave a frceicoumiunicaltoD between botb for Aug>burgh ; but his Majesty coDsented

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^to-renrain herelo-moirow, to see the Aiw-
itrian aqnyifile off. We become mqre coi;-
•tain every day that thtre are not twenty
thousand escaped of this army of .one hun-
dred thousand men ; and this extraordinary
advantage has been obtained without effusion
,df blood. — ^"rhe Emperor did not stir out of
jElchingen to-day. The faugues >nd con-
tinual rain to which )ic had been exposed
for the preceding week, required a short
repose. ,But rcpoEe is not.rompatible with
the dircction-of.riiis imraeme army. Every
iiqur.of/he day and night Officcre arrive
vsitn reports, and it was requisite that the
imperor should isi-nc orders. He j?eemed
jmuch satisfied with the zeal and activity
of Marshal Bcrthicr.

£igiib Bullct'ui. EUhhgen, Oct. ao —The
Emperor took his station, from two o'clock
in the afternoon to F.even in the evening,
<on the heigJit^ n^ar Ulm^, where the Aui-
trian army filed <5fr in his prc-^nce. Thjrty
^housaiitd men, two thousand of whiobiare
cavahy, with sixty pieces -of cannon. And
^forty staiKU of colours, tavc surrendflred to
the viLtorious army. The French army
.TVii.> ponted on the heights. The Emperor,
suiTJunded by his lifc-gaards, sent for the
Austrian General:*, and kept them with
him until thtir troops had filed off. He
trt^ted them with the utmoi^t distinction.
Tli'irc were present, besides the General in
Chief MaLk, eight , Generals, and seven
Lieutenant Generals. The number of the
|)risoners since the commencament of hos-
lilitles, atnounv ^^ ^^cty tl»busand men,
and eighty standards iiave been taken, be-
sides artillery, haggage, ^c. It is supposed
Xhat t}ie Emperor, aftcrdispatcbing his cou-
.ricr^iiv.ill set o^t this eycning for Aagsbuf g;h
^id Munich.

[Here follows tjbe capitulation of General
%^''erncck, by which the body of troops un-
>der his'ordq-s hecar^ie prisoners of war, and
are to be «cnt into France ; and the General
^d Subaltc;^n Qf^cers, prisoners oi war,
«n parofe^ are to be sent into Austria.
They engage not to serye :again$tthe French,
ipr t4ieir Allien, nntil exchanged.

I'hen follows the Capitulation of the
Commandant of the escort of the htavy
baggage of the Austrian anny, by whicli
all the hussars and light horse, which com-
jposed the deuchment escorting the artillcyry
and baggage of the Austrian army, becan>e
prisoners of war, and arc to be ^conducted
into France.]

Ninth BuUciiH. EUjt'nfrefty Oa, 21. — Flis

Majesty set off for Aue^^Wg ^it noon this
day. 'J he army whi^Ti were shut u|> in
Ulm consi^ed of thirty-three thousand men,
to which number the three thousand wound-
ed being added, the total amounts to thirty
eix thousand. There were aKo found in the
place fcixty pieces of artillery, and fifty stand
f^ •colours* Nothing can form a< more strlk-

ifig contrast -than the disnosftioi] of the
French army, and that of thtr Austrian
army. In the French army heroism m
earned to the hijjhest pitch ; in the Austrian
.army dejection has reached ifc lowest IcvcJ.
The Aiiitri^n soldier is paid in paper mo-
ney ; he can j-emit nothing to nis family,
and he i,s ill treated. The French soldier
•thiqks only of glory. A thousand traits
-might be particularized like the folkywing:
Breid, a private in the 76th, rWas aboqt
•CO have his thigh amputated. Life was
already almost extinguished. At the mo-
ment when tJie ."^urgcon was preparing to
operate, the soldier sropped hun— •'' I know
that I ihall not survive the operation," said
he, ^* but no matter ! The loss of one man
will not prevent the 76th from marching
wiih their bayonets exteq<icd,>'ftnd fornusd
;in three nnk», against the enemy.'* Th^
Emperor had occasion to complain of no-
thing except fhe exceksiv*t ardour of the
/Soldiers. 'l*hus the 17th light infantry,
**iich, arrived before Ulm, rushed into the
place; and thus, during the capitulation,
the whole army were so anxious ^ uorm
it, that the Emperor was obliged to declare
,itas his positive intention, tnat the place
should not be stormed. The first column
of the prisoners at Ulm has just begun its
march for France. The. following is a
statement of the total of our prisoners, al
leas£ of those actually known tohave^ecii
taken, with their present situatioiji : —
icvx^at Aug-burgh, 33,opo-at,OlnMX,cxx5
4itX)onauwerth, and ^;& ,000 already on their
march /or France. The Emperor, m his
proclamation, says, that we have made 6o,ooo
prisoners J it i$ prohablc that they exceed
that number. He statc^ the captured stan-
dards at 90; it is al>o probable 1 hat these
amount to a greater number. 'J'he Emperor
addi-essed the .Austrian General h, whom he
sent for, as their anny w3n Idling past nim,
in the following terms : r— ** Gentlemen, your
Master carrier on an unjust war., 1 teU
you plainly, I know not for what I am
fighting; 1 know not what can be required
of me. It is not in this army alone that
my resources consist, though were this the
ci-e,stm my army and myself would make
considerable progress. 3ut I shall appeal
to the te^^timony of yaiw: o>vp f>ri8oners of
war, who wijl speedily ^)ass tlvough prance;
they will 9bscryc with their own jryes the
spirit whldi animates my people, and with
what eagerness they flock/ to .my standards^
This ;s tlic advantage of my natign, and my

})06l(.ion. At a single word, 20O;Gcx) Vo-
untcers crnwd to my standard, and in six
weeks become good soldiers— wherea>< your
recruits only march from compulsion, and
do not become good soldiers but after several
years. I would give my Brother the Em-
peror of Germaoy one further piece of
ad vicd— let Inm ha^en to make peace, i'hi*

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it the moment to recollect that all Empires
hMTt an end-«the idea that die end ox the
dynasty of the House of Lorraipe may have
arrived, should imj^resthim with terror. I
dttire oothiiig upon the Continent I want
ship», cokAMt, and commerce; and it is as
much your interest as mine 'that I should
lifive them."— M. Mack replied, that the
Emperor of Germany had not wished for
war, hut waaconpeUcd to it by Russia. ** If
that be the case,* said the Emperor, *' t|ien
jou are no longer a power.'*— ^Moat of the
Generals have confesKd how disagreeable
this war was to them, and how much they
were affected to see a- Russian army in their
country. They condemned that Uind sys-
tem of politics, which would bring into the
centre of Europe a people accustomed to live
|p an uncultivated country, and who. aa well
as their fprefathers, might take a fancy to
Mttle in a milder climate. The Emperor
h^ treated Lieut. General Klenau (whom
he knew as Commander of the regiment of
VTunnser) with much civility, as also the
Ueut. Generals Giulay, Gottoheim, Ries,
smd the Prince of Lichtenstein,&c. comfort-
ing them in their misfortunes, and telling
them that inr hasiu chances, and that,
thov^h frequently conquerors, tJ^ might
mwnetimes be conquered.


Soldiers of tie Armjy

In a fortnight we have finished ^ cam-
fttigki. We have accomplished our puft>ose.
We have expelled the troops of the House
pf Austria m>m Bavafia, and re-established
«ur ally m the sovereienty of his States.
That army, which, with equal osteptation
and imprudence^ had posted itself on our
frontiers, is anauhalatcd. But what does
this signify to England f Her purpose is
mcc^mpiished. We are no longer at Bou-
logne, and the amount of her subsid^ will
thereby be neither encrea^ nor dimi-

Of loopoo men who composed tl^at
army, 60,000 are prisoners ; they will go
to t»e the place of our conscripts in w,
labours of our fields. IVo hundred pieces
•f cannon (their whole park), 90 stand of
' colours, and all their Generals, are in our
hands i there have not escaped of tl^ts
army 15/300 men. Soldiers, I had an-
nounced to you a great battle; but, thanks
to the bad cambifiations of the enemy, I
Inve been able to obtain the same success,
wi^ut running anv ri^k; and, what is
unexampled in the history of nations, so
important a rcsult^ has not diminished oar
Jiirce by more than 2500 men.

'Soldiefs, you owe this success to your
imbonn^e^i confidence in jour Emperor;
|o your patience in supportmg fetiffucs and
privations pf eva7 dcscriptiwi m tO yov
fpijpUur intrepidity.

But we wHl Bot step here. Yo« mt
impatient to commence a second canpaigii.
We are about to make that Russian army,
which the gold of England has transported
from the extremities of the Universe, ii»>
dergo the same fate.

In fhii contest is more particularij isn*
plicated^ the honour of the infimtry. It is
this which will a second time decide the
question, already resolved in Switzerland
and Hollands— whether the French iofimtry
be the second or the first in Europe? Here
there are no Generals, in combating whom
I can have any glory to acquire. All my
care shall be to obtain the victory with the
least possible efiusion of blood— my aoldkn
are my children.

Qfvcn at my Imperial Camp at Elchingeay

(Ocl, 31, 1805,) MAPOLZOa.


THE Emperor of France ha^ compdled
me to take up arms.

To his ardent desire of military achieve^
ments— his passion to be recorded in histary
as a Conqueror— 4he limits of Franoe» al-
ready so much enlarged, and defined by
sacreid treaties, still appear too narrow, m
wishes to unite in nis own han«l5 aU the
ties upon which depends the balance of
Europe^ The fiure.;t fruits of exalted chi-
lizauon, every species of happiness vrhich a
nation qm enjoy, and whtch results from
peace and concord; every thiorvchich, crqi
oy himself, as the Sovereign of a great civ>>
lized people, must be held dear and estima-
ble, is ta be destroyed by a War of Cosi-
quest : and thus the greater part of Europe
is (o be compelled to submit to the laws aofl
mandates or France.

Tl^is project announces aU that the Em-
peror of France has performed, threatened,
or promised. He reacts np propo«it>oB
which reminds him of the regard prescribed
by the law of nations to the sacvedaesa oif
treaties, and of the fir!»t obligatioas whi^
are due towards forei^ and independent
States. At the very time that he knew of
the mediation of Russia, and of every step
which, directed equally by a regard to my
own dignity, and to the Seeling^ of my heart*
1 adopted, for the re-cstabUsmoent of tran-

Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 102 of 108)