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tioned, is exerted by volcanoes on the —

earth, as well as by the production of ^ touch upon the timm.

steam fjxwn subterranean heat, when ^^q boko publico^

bails, aie on such occasions often sir, Gmbstrcvu

tiUown to be^ts so mnich greater. I AM a bit of a politician, and pre-
We may easily imagine such cause of sume to think I have so much know-
Biotioa to exist in the moon as well ledge of the world as to be able to
as in the earth, and that in a superior judge of the propriety and general
Agree, if we may be allowed to rea- tendency of our public transacuona u
son from the supposed symptoms of a nation, and of the measiues of gcj-
fokamoes lecenrly observed ia the vemment. As such, allow me to tell

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§ A Toiuh upon the Times, . .

you. Sir, what if verily believe myself, by inserting my cynical snarling* in

and what, perhaps, almost every your judicious work, and especialiy

young gentleman school-boy in the as I shall give my opinion gro/w, aiMl

kingdom must know, that the great without a bribe. ,

affairs' of this country are at present iji Our government is at present, I am

ven' bad hands, and that the adminis- free to say, though it sounds rath^

tiafionofthem is marked with unpar- <iueer, an old womanish o^*j ^|1

donablc negligence and mismanage- it puts a man of my turn in a very lU

ment. I dm a plain man. Sir, and humour, makes me weep and grumble

hate all fulsome flattery— what the in the gizzard, sliocks, disgusts, mor-

mobhish gentry call palavering ; nor tifies, and even alarms me, in an erai-

do I set up any pretensions to porticu- nent degree^ when I see that greatest

lar scholarship or wit, (althgugh I te- of all human plagues, an insolent pr^

ceived as good an eduaition as most mier, taking upon himself, with ^

in the parish wherein I was born) : lofty look, an impudent stare in our

but notwithstanding this, I tliink I faces, and an overweening notion at

have as much solidsense as some of his own self-sufficiency, audaciou4y

our modernAh!tophels,andtrustthat to force our wills, proudly to insult

I can make as good use of it. My our understandings, and to manage,

motto is to be sincere, rather than impose upon, and completely dupe

over-civil and ceremonious 3— how- us, as he pleases. My feelings arc

ever, I do not mind trifles ; (on the severely hurt, deeply wounded, when

contrary, lean be occasionally pleased I contemplate the petty, cowardly,

with them); nor is it my custom or unfortunate, baby things that rule

incrraadon to make sullen and chur- over us. Like certain Indian triboa

lish reflections on my neighbours, be- that wear rings in their noses, so iB

ing never so happy as when I see all our nation led ! Years have elapsed

the world pleased about me. But, since 1 have devoutly wished and

Sir, I will not give up the independ- praye^l f hat I might live to see a tinae

enceof my mind, as an honest Eng- when things mignt be ordered for the

lish yeoman J and when 1 cannot better j but, alas! since that perkd>

auppress my chagrin, I see no reason almost every thing has undergone 9

•why I should hol*^ my tongue, al- most fetal change for the worse. A

though I shj^ll use it as decently as if man may be stung almost to madneis

I were, in troth, a gentleman. By with a gnat — and it fills me with pity

the bye. Sir, I am only like some and regret, dissatisfaction an.d gloom,

otiier men that I know, who, when to thiiik and wonder that persons who

they have ^ot a little learning, cannot are held in thehighestconteropt, even

help shewing it. old women and cliUdren I had almost

Wow, Sir, you will allow me to said, are sometimes permitted, by \h&

say, that I cannot submit patiently, special judgment of Crod in hi^ wrath,

and without grumbling, to modein to govern Uie world.

times and manners, to** things as they We are now, and have for three

are,** and to Mr. Pitt's " existing cir- years, been engaged in a war which

cumstances.*' I should like, if it were lias infinitely more than drunk up all

possible, to jog on in the road i)f life the savings of our boasted pohtical

with some tolerable degree of plea- economists ) — and yet, with such 90^

sure and satisfaction. But, merciful immense mass of military and naval

Heavens! these horrid wars, public force as our active and industrious aiv-

debts and taxea, put my pipe out, and cestors never heaid of, have not all

when I would be, social and comfort- our plans and modes of (H)eration

able, easy, and good-humoured, m^k^ been a series of blunders ? What, I

me sullen and stingy, in spite of my- pray, hath been performed, ej^^ceptiug

fcelf— and this it is that occasions my tlie loss of Hanover, a ^ious, exor-

troubling of you. Sir, with the pre- bitant, excessive, intemperate, and

sent scrawl. Now, Sir, Til tell you profuse prodi^ity of expeuQes, and

what— I intend to give -Mr. Pitt a the superflux thrown to the dogs-r

good^jobation, to bestow a little sea- the remainder squandered away la

sonable and proper correction upon kickshaws, junketings, and Atool-

him; and you will highly oblige nae compensation bills — whatlhavehe««l

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A Tmck vpon ike Tvnus. . ^

lome amoiif^ the foolish, swinish mul- Ibe gxeat Mr. Pitt, his father, wept
titude, cail scandalous jobs. in the same place, in a style of pathos

Tbe politics of our court caballists and animation, inexpressibly grand
hate been long marked out for the and impressive, or rather inimitab^,
ifto« mischievous, cruel, impious and on the fall of Wolfe) when tlie naval
abominable, (almost, if not altogether, commissioners had so featly detected,
in the true n>irit of Machiavel) that and Mr. Whitbread denounced with so
csbe— and (this is an important fact) good a grace, certain clean and lightly-
tferndly detested of all other nations, hngered manoeuvres, &c. &c.
Under the colour, mask, and mantle And then, iat their inconstant hu-
rf a pretended religion, morality mour, in chopping and changing about
»d social order, these continued de- so ! Nautical experience, true Brrtish
fltroctTonists make. no scruple to exer- sailorship. Lord St. Vincent dismissed
cnethe most horrible enormities, to with disgrace, and the grbetb mow
ita agaiiist humanity itself, and to made an admiral! Like the. Atlienians
tbmk ail inconsistent and ridiculous ofold; whocould make /e;t generals in
tbiDgs lawful for them. a year ; while on the contrary, Philip

Sir, I live very strictly and laconi- of Macedon, in many years experi-
cally myself, and I think that now, ei!ce, could find but .one, and tliat
if ever, this country hath need of was Parmenio ! But I will tell the fools
ioch to be placed in authority and an ancient tale, from the mouth of
o6mmaod o\'er us, as excel in virtue Cleobulus, one of the wise men of
— tnch as have clean hands and pure Greece, as Plutarch saith. Once
hearts. And then there is such a upon a time, the moon desired her
cfaarming pair of them ! What think mother to make a petticoat tliat would
jooL cf that good, that verv supetla- sit close to her body. And how is. it-
tiro servant of all work. Lord Mel- possible, my dear, answered the mo-
tale? This very man (tell it not in ther, that I should make one to ifit
Milan, publish it not in the streets of thee, when I see tliee Sometimes full
Tins) is to be tried, ere long, on the all over, somethnes in the wain^t ^ad
charge of being concerned m swind- anon, swelling and growing again ?
libg transactions 5 and frohi certain And what ! for almost two months^
stnmj; £u:ts that hav6 already come no lam^ account or scrap of news,
oat. It striketh me (and so the com- about TK)rd Nelson, or the destination
OBoa bruit bath been) that frauds have of the enemies fleets, and all those
bfccn carried on in our public offices, things ! What a testification of mys-
to an unlimited extent ; and my hand terious skill, by those who conduct
tzcmbleth to "^vrite, tliat a peculiar the business ofour naval departments,
spirit of peculation, hath, 1 doubt^ and who lay oiit such vast sums, in
Men the order of the day!. order to procure intelligence! But

The Romans, ere they had degene* alas ! alas I when I came to overhaul
rated from their andent simplicity, the public papers, in a certain place,
vere esteemed of afl bther nations, whither I usually repm, in order to
fisr Che feme and commendation of peruse and wonder at the reniarkable,
tiieirtot/ic justice. The greatest po-. extraordinanr, and surprising events
litical sinner, who enjoyeth tlie world of our day, 1 learned that those subtle,
in state, in the true scale of moral es- unconscionable fellows, the French,
tiiDBtion, deserveth punishment no have been strangely fortunate of late,
ktethsmthe petty delinquent. Pub- havmgyair/y ca3&«x£?rf(atlast,whenit
Be justice, however, seems to have cahie to thepincn)our6tnous, mighty,
faeeii long overlooked amongst us -, and powerful schemes of blockading
sad, togeuier with dl sense of decen- and excommunicating their sailors in
CT and mod^ation, hi htisbanding of their own ports j and it grieves me to
tne public pone, these virtues have say it, a greater evil hath been since
been exploded consideration?. ^ produced, our convoys captured, very

And then Mr. Pitt, to shew* his considerable mischief done, and the
Gftreme sensibility and sentimental Inhabitants of our West India islands
fe^g»wept,andwept too in the midst driven to the last extremities.
of the senate houses out das ! it would And then, to bestow a word of axi-
Ml d»! but not such tears as angels, vice, an useful admonition on Mr*
veip>v«diattoiiiui]ainatestatesman, Pitt, In former times^ Sir, when



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S Astrcmmkal Discov^.

▼trtabns ministers were Lonoured, you peace, and the trujy patriodc conduct

would have been despised; and it can- of your adoraUe father. I do not

not escape, even your very short deny that you have an admirable ca-

memory, that in these our days, you pacity for cin'il and forensic employ*

have often had th^ horrid mortifica- ment;'but the misfortune is, instead

tion to be branded with the name of of being considered as a most useful

an APOSTATE. With your vices or Palinurus, to pilot the state on fl;ieat

wtoes in private ^e, I have nothing occasions, to extricate us out of out

to do ; neither do you affect any ridi- difficulties and exigencies, your dron^

culous juggleries in religion. But not ish and tardy measures shew too

to make you or my readers more se- plainly that you are thoughtleai of

rious than they care to be, I shall the commonwealth, and ofits safety,

only, at present, point out to your You waste your life and cramp jrour

consTderation a sentence of advice, genius, in mean, mercenary, disho"

!%««« (twtnw, or, Noscete ipsum, which nest arts, to corrupt the national vir*

the Greeks esteemed so highly of^ that tue > and the chiefest object of your

they gave the glorious title of wise care and contrivanoes, is first to bear

M AK, to its autnorThales, and having away the paper and ^sb out of our

.caused it to be engraven on a plate of scrutoires, and then to get rid of it,

gold, most reverently hung it up in like a orunkbn sot, in all the most

Uie temple of Apollo, at Delphi, irregular and tauuxountabk ways

Short as this precept is, it conveys a imaginable !
sati»^ctory summary of all instruc- Crito thb Gbntlb*

tion, both moral and political. For

whoever knows himselt, will serious- astbonohical BtscoVBBT.
ly reflect on the relations wherein he For the Universal Magaxna,
stands to society, and the'duties which mb. bpitob,
he owes to his country and to man- THE following is the substance of a
kind. When people act outofcha- letter lately communicated to these*'
racter, or mistake their proper talents, ciety at Gottingen, by M. the Inspeo ".
they will always become ridiculous, tor Harding, at LUienthal. After re-
How preposterous is it to find you, marking that at, or rather after the " .
^r, wnom nature never intended to hour often o'clock in the evening, he
fill the character of a war minister — had discovered a new planet in the
to tread in the steps of a Louvois or a Constellation of Pisces, and had ob-
Chatham, (although you will perverse- served it since for almost ev^ nighty
ly aspire to be sucn, contra numvna, he proceeds as follows : '' lliis star
in spite of fortune or of &te), groan- appears to have a white, vivid lustre,
ing and swelling, raving and ftettin?, is exactly of the 8th magnitude, an^
at your devices being everlastingly is retfograde with a southern declina-
belHed and outwittea by the jiltmg tion, augmenting, ajgreeably to the
goddess. rules of theory, m its Ji^esent poai*

Military politics, Sb-, is a snbject of tion.
which you are entirely ignorant, and " On the first of SeptembeF» wbea

if you were to make it the study of I perceived it at ten mmutes past tea

ail your life, you would never be an in the evenings I computed its right

adept in it. To attempt a thiniQ^ you ascension at two decrees 24 minutes,

are totally unfit for, betrays a <tepior- and its northern declination at 37 mi*

able iterance of yourself and of your nutes. On the 4th, I made a conq^u*

own abilities. tation, but only an ocular one, at

And in your^eneral character, have twenty minutes paat ten, the first at

you not manifested that you have no two d^^rees, ana the last at one mi*

real value for public virtue, or good nute.

inter^ial economy, which akxie can ** After having perfectly convinced
give a proper strength, dignity, and myself of the r«2[ movement of this
firmness to the state ? You have pre- star, by repeated observations, I in-
ferred the empty reputation of back- formed M. Olbera, of my discoverer
stairs influence to the real happiness on the spot, and I learned that he
which you might have enjoyeain the had already, on the 7th of Sq^mber»
generous and sincere esteem of the himself obaerred this aame itiiange
people, had you r^arded your own planet.**

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OnthelmpeachmeTUbflordMehilie. Q

To ike E£ior of the Universal Mag, hamiliation of appeariog to bedefeat**
Sib, ed. Had the nrst decision of the

ALLOITV me to give you my senti* house been produced by the decided
ineDts on tiic late extraordinary pro- ascendancy of one party over anothefj
ceecfimgs in parliament, relative to the its proceedings would s^erwards have
mode of trial prcMper to be adopted in been regular and consistent, and an
the cme of I>ora Viscount Melville, impeadunent would have been the
The gnilt of the noble culprit, so hr immediate consequence of so strong
fiom betng rendered doubtful by the a suspicion of guilt > but the minister,
Ibrther investigation of his conduc;^, still hoping to triumi:^, detennined
has received additional confirmation, to comoat not only his opponents in
eveti £rom his own confession. On the house, but to defy the opinion of
this point there cannot be two ppi- the counuy, though so strongly ex-
nlons: neither could it be supposied pressed. To defeat the views of cp-
that mere would be any doubt as to position, and to conciliate the mo^
the method by which he ought to be ration of the Sidmouth party, he pn>
tried : an impeachment being so ob- posed the nu^ory mode of a civil
vioQsly the constitutional practice piosecvition,^ich for a time answer-
adopted in all cases of hi^ crim^ ed his purpose, and seemed to rescue
and misdemeanors,' which are not his friend mun the gppe of the co&-
' within the grasp ot mere legal forms mons, and put him mto the hands of
and subtleties. It is also better suit- thi^ lawyers, by whose tedious forms
ed to the^hgnity of the parties who and quibbles ne hoped the ends of
prosecute, and of him who is prose- justice migfit be defeated. But . at
cuted. Nothing but the obstinate re- length, when the increasing voice of
hictance of Mr. ¥itt to acknowledge the country seemed to give confidence
thesuilK^his finlendandcolles^e; to the opposition, and Mr. WhiU
his aetermination to protect him with bread was exnboidened to move ail
die whole force of his influence, and impeachment, the minister was corn-
his ban^ty, arbitrary temper ; could peUed to submit to the more expedi-
kive caused the inconsistencies with tious mode of trial proix>sed by the
which the conduct of parliament has independent party, and suffer the pro-
been marked, throu^out the whole secution by a civil suit to be super*
oftbts momentous transaction. His sededj but, determininj? not to be
aversion, at all times, toh^ve the con- con(}uered, no sooner did he find tlie
duct of government questioned, or parliament begin to thin, and his own
inquired mto, would, at all events, superiority Doanifest, than he resolved
have led him to resist any mofions in to take them by surprise, and propo-
the boose of conmions which had sed, on a &udden, the very mode which
fliis object in view. An additional he and his friends had all yoted a-
IDotive fin: his opposition to the late gainst, and carried the question of
enquiries, was, no doubt, the intimate impeachment, merely to defeat the
public connection, and strong private party of Lord Sidmouth , and convince
niendship, which subsisted between them that they should not again tri-
him and JLord Melville : and in addi- umph over him. A minister who
tion to all this, his pertinacity has can thus trifle with the dignity of
beoi increased, by the feelings of in- parliament, merely to gratify his own
ci{pQadon, at being defeated where he love of command, is the greatest foe
was so fully determined to conquer, to his country. And it deserves to
From the first decision on the crimina- be remarked, that at this very time,
Bty of Lord Melville,we must consider when all the energy and talents of the
the whole proceedings of parliament country should be united, to secure
as a struggle between the virtuous, us from the intri^es and the attacks
indq>ai£nt party of Lord Sidmouth, of our most vigilant enemy, the go-
and the old opposition, on the one vernment is divided by party squab-
side, and the cfomineering influence bles, and feeling^ of mere personal
tf Mr. Pitt on the other JEvery inch consideration. Tlie late war I have
of groond which was gained by the. ever ^:onsidered as -the most caJanai-
former, he was determined to fight tons contest that ever arose in the his-
^er again, that he might avoid Uie tory of this nation ; and the'present

Vo?. rv. ^- - c ^iu

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10 Hmts toumd a Character of the hut Lard jA/ttlelm.

wiU probably cbmplete the min It be^ ha* not »uffisred his mmd most woe-
nn. Mr. Pitt, not content with this, Mly to betray him mto the dirtv
fi determined to carry ewry thing at dramsof petty «plte} and instead of
home, in the same a/bitrary manner: buftetttng the waves of wickednes.
the successor of Lord Melville is said on the ooan of life, hey have all
to act merely by his advice, and the »pat forth the roost virulent volcanoes
impeachment, from the hints thrown of private spleen, and made a ^r^
out by the state lawyers, even business of the whole matter. Tlat-
thoulditbe successful in establishine termg themselves a* too wise tocom-
his guilt, will most probably, throuf^ mend, they dip their pens m ink of
ministerial influence, foil to produce the daiikest gall, and poison those
the punishment so jusUy merited. ni'nds that burn with the eagerness
I remain &c W. B. o* disUnction. and a passion for fame,

Aff^rt^Jt ha,* 'in Iflos and crush with the iashionable furor

Mwpeth, June 29. '805- ^^ ^^^ criticisms, every good and

THOUCHW OK SATi«B AND «ATI- honest work that is Soaring into ao-

BIST8. tlCC I

, .... ContuUo nauseant

^..wunnrofi-.. ^ . ^ ^^ ^ Phudrus. Lib. 3.

Dioor Ita r Amiq. Rom. LH). 4. . GaunT Notegohb.

P.^. 659. Edit Rck*. j,^^^ j^^ Q^ ^3^5

ToihtEdUfyr of the Universal Mag.

Sl«, ^ 8ZNT8 TOWARP A CHARACTER OP

IN an age, which, without the trb last lordlyttleton.
$t5f!hess of a stole, or the asperity of To the Editor of the Universal Mag,
a qiiic, may be proneunccd to revel Sim,

In th^ latitudinanan wilds of licen- AS there has appeared in the latter
tiousness, it seems to be the particn- numbers of your useful work, an
lar duty of satire and morality to fix Essay on the comparative Merita of
the rigid rein on depraved and un- George Lord LyttJeton, and the late
. wholesome morals, and to empanel. Earl of Orford, indulge me with in-
tf possible, within the sanctuary 0? serting a few desultory remarks on
virtue, e\ery loose departer from his the character of the only Son of the
duty, and to impose upon all, who former nobleman,
deserve it, the salutary restraints of re- Tie name of this personage is sel-
poof and of punislunent. But when, dom mentioned but with pity or con-
nstead of assuming, with true urba- tempt j yet there seems to prevaS
nity, the gentle, and, I had almost only a confused and indistinct idea
«aidj parental authority of just seve- cither of his qualifications or his faH-
jrity, .the satirist stalks forth with the ings. The only son of an amiable
g^im and unhallowed visage of a ruf. and beloved woman, whose early
pan, and brandishes his tomahawk death most tenderly endeared every
of defiance, and Invades the chastity relic she bequeathed ; the late Lord
of retirement and of privacy, ibt Lyttlelon was exposed in childhood,
good and the great will unite m cor- to all the dangers that indulgence ana
3ial coalition to scowl the monster adulation can present. While the fa-
ftom soci^'ty^ and draw aside the mask ther wept over his child as the image
which dk^corers the iran^e of public of his lost wife, the little world of re£-
virtue, to open to our view and ab- tions and domestics that surrounded
horrence, the pitiful features of ma- the boy, strove to bestow on every bud-
levolenre, and of pique. This obser- ding vice, the semblance of a virtue.
T.ition is drawn from me, in con- Dandled thus into audacity and con-
templating the present state of satire ceit, can we wonder that the first
\i\ England j and as far as my obser- actions of his life, were bold and li-
Vation goes, there has not of late ap- centious ? Tliat precocity of judg-
peared one, who, ingenuously pro- ment must be truly singular, whicn
fussing to guide us allto virtue, and could render them otherwise.
tobekctuiUed bya pure spiritof phi- Joined to an ardency of temper,
faiithropyforrerormingpuDlic abuses, the son of Lord Lyttleton possessed
and chnstising private morals, chat the warm feeiingg of inherent genius.'

On

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HuUs toward a Character ofthi last Lard Littleton.



On reading Milton, when quite a
bojr, a passage so forcibly struck his
fuicv, that ne threw dovtn the book,
and paced the room with tiemuious
ei^gemess. On understanding the
cause of this emotion, kis delighted
£idier clasped him in his arms, and
almost smothered him with caresses.
The passage was.

Be spake : and to coofinn his words, ',

ontflew
Mmiods of fiaoiing swords, drawn firom

the thighs
Of mighty Cherubim : the sudden blaze
Far round illumin'd hell !

A mind so tenacious of rapturous
sentiment, was perhaps the worst soil
CD which flattery and indulgence could
•ow their destructive seeds : the sen-
nbiiities of genius betrayed him into
a thousand errors, firom which stu-
pidity would have been a preservative.
That his youth was stained bjr vices
of no common magnitude, is nut too
well kno'Aoi. The old harper who
attended on his Oxford origies has
told strange tales of his frantic mirth.
In those midnight scenes. His mind
jwas habitually cloudy and chearless ;
wine presented a short-lived flow of
fency, and ebriety is seldom a solitary
deviation. Those who best knew him
attributed a portion of his misconduct
to the effects of a marriage, acceler-
ated by the fond hopes ot his father :
they likewise saw great reason to be-
lieve that the personal responsibility
annexed to the peerage, to which he
succeeded, and the ardor with which
he entered into public business, would
efiectually wean him from pursuits
equally unworthy of his understanding
and his rank in life. An immature
death, however, blighted his expec-
tatioo ; and it remains onlv to hold
forward his name as a sad instance
of the insufficiency of talents without
the aid of discretion.

His parliamentary life, though
•hort, was honourable. However er-
roneous might be some of his early
political sentiments, he never failed
to preserve an independence of cha-
racter. Firm to the opinions he
adopted, his eloquence was persuasive



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