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ofalteringonly one very little word? quidein contra duos." Justice to an
and such a man too ? one who perhaps eoemv, however, requires me to say^
has never been used to contradictipn, that the Greek word ««d«{* inN/s last
but has experienoed blind submission letter was, all the way through printed
irbmher. Or perhaps at the very imdi^ except once, and thai it was
moment he wrote, his gouty toe might reduced tOMifif« This is a grievoos
have twinged him, or perliaps he had £uilt in your printers, who should be
hurt his poor little nose, or a hundred sedulously admonished not to commit
accidents might have put him out of the like errors. I am Sir Tour's, &:c.
humour. But who could it be that July 4th, 1805, X. C

proposed the small correction he wishes —

us to make ? Was it Homer that To the Editor of the Vmversal Mag.
whispered in his ear, " I have been sir,

gntl^ of a very small slip; pray. Sir, Having just returned from a journev
will you amend it ?** . I think it was into the north, I was £ivoured wita
not so. ' Did Indignation make that an epitaph on a firiend of mine when
too? Oh no. How was it then? I ascbool*boy, who, as you will see, died
have no doubt but that it was con- on his journey: by inserting it in vour
ceived in, and hammered out of the ^^uable Miscellany, you will oolige
erudite head of thii commentator, your's &c. A travsllsr.

Prodigious ! but thei% is one thin^ I Manchester, Jiily 20, J 805.
would beg leave to remark toO. tis ^ BPXTAfH on a travellbe.
but a tritle, and cannot in the least ^ '' The evil that men do lives after
injure bis argument, or prove the them: the good Is often interred with
strength of Notegore's ; this is, that their Doues/'
the translation of Cowper, which he Here

S lores, cannot be correct, unless we resteth the b ody o f

low Mr. Notegore*s conjecture to THOMAS BATTYE,*

be just. ''Jove, &c. ciimb'd the late of Mandiester^

couch whereon bis custom was to rest, who died on a journey through
when gentle sleep approached him,*' Scotland,

answei? exactly to the first line ac- May 3d, 1793>

cording to N. aged 30.

Evia xaS.u^s ira^oy aii fjur ykur^vf This stone u^s placed here

wrvof *xfiD'W. by 'an acquaintance.

Here we have his word for word who, after examining his deliU and
nearly. But this is a trifle. 1 can't ^ . I'-r edits

thlpk what the d ^1 could possess of b's cash account,

this Oxford man, that hecan't let poor found a small balance m his ttraot.
O. enjoy his conjectures in peace, it His sickness was short,

must be envvTm sure I But let not and, beifig a stranger, he was not
O. fear, let bun remember that it has troubled in his last moments with
been the same ever since the days of the s^ht of weeping friends,
Horace, " Urit enim fulgore suo qui . but died

praegravat artefr— Infra se positas ex- at an mhospitable mn,

tinctus amabitur idem.". And thus I with tlie consent qt all 'around hirn*
< Conclude, not doubting but that O. He left no mourner here,

with the aid of FrancS's translation, save a favourite mare ; which
will be able to construe, or at least (if tlie account ot an oaUcr miy be
tofindthemeaningof these two lines, credited,)

'^^ithout tlie aid of his dictionary and neither ate nor draiik during
the parish schoolmaster, in the same ^^^ indisposition,

liiapner as he did the sense of Homer, 'Mr. Battye's hthtr was formerW
*y consulting Pbpes paraphrastic deputy conitabic d Manchester, and
Ifanslation. *^ /^ ' his broUicr is now a perforuBr a fh^

• T^hope, Sir; you will admit this der Cftflisk Thcauc

Hmis toward ike &e€ihtt rfPubUc Baihs.


18ADSR !

little will be stud to pert)etuat9 his
incmory ;
the ftct is— 4ie died poor:
tfae whole he left behind, would not
buy paper sufficient to palm
half his virtues ;
Jus duef mourner was sold by public
to pay the expences
of aix overgrown landlord,
and an half starved apothecary.
His b:^8>
at (mce contained
hii iffordrobe^ pattepis, and library ;
consisting of
two neckcloths sxid a clean shirt;
with samples of
frvBges, laees, lines and tasseb, whips,
webs and whalebone.
the following curious collection of
a volume of manuscript poetrv,
(the oftsprlng of his own muse)
Matrimonial magazines,
Ovids Art of Love— the Whole Duty

of Man, and

Rato on the Immortality of the Soul.

In a snug pocket, lay

an Aberdeen note for five pounds,

and an unfinished love letter.

The latter evinced an eager desire of a

speedy marriage;

for though

his famify fyce

was an index of an hardened

and unfoigtving temper, it was at last


hf the object of his affection.

And if death had spared him, though

nature had been, unkind, he

might have lived to have

improved an

iU-&voared stock, llie af&bility .

of his manners,

and themsceptibility of his heart, gave

appearances the lie :
his sympathetic feelings ibr distress,
were eminently displayed
through life :
his attachment to the fiiir tex was


tDvhom he was so tenderly attentive,

that the

story of a rude embrace, would

have caused

the " tear o( sensibility" to

trickle from his ev^.f

He was ever happy iu doing good.

^liberality bountifbUy exteiKM t9
t He had only onc«

the unfortunate part of the sex,
he always relieved to the utmost ot
his power.
He was, Justly speaking,
afneqd toa//;
andanenemyto none b\3tkimseffl'


X and reflect a moment

on the uncertainty of this life !

Five days are not yet passed, since he

drank with glee, .

die well known bumper toast ;

he little thought It was '

his fiirewell tribute to every earthly


But his last journey being o*er»

thene is now

no ridmg double stages to make up

lost time:

nor boxing Harry

to make up his cash account.

who knows

but Harry maty now be boxinghka ?

The final balance

of the ^ood anc< evil of his life

IS now stricken f

and here be rests in hope,

that it may be found to his cre£t»

on the


in the grand ledger of


IN a metropolis like London, where
hospitals and dispensaries for the cure
of disorders are so numerous, it is a
matter of surprise to me, that tio in-
stitution has yet been raised on the
plan which I am about to suggest, and
which would be the n>eans of preser-
ving not only the health, but e\en the
lives of numerous individuals. What
I me^in is the erection of public baths.
The beneficial efiecls of bathing, I
.believe few persons will controvert ;
especially wnen resorted to by the
numerous class of mechanics, whose
employment is sedentary, and ^
those who,while at their employment,
are continually exposed to tne minute
particles which arise from metallic
substances, and which, by adhering
imperceptibly to different parts of the
booy, thereby prevent a tree perspi-
ration, so as to occasion ireauently a
morbid habit of body, whicn nught
alwayi be prevented by bathing. Tbt^
pftasing srai'-ntDn experienced oy, or *
m cooaequeu^ of iznoieEiiion in w^ter,


is odQ^ pf ihose Ivaxaaam enioyjnents^ absurd and ridicu^ouft insertion indeed I
wlMchcanbettei[befelttharitescfibed;\Ia^hat, Ictni^ a^k, has he shpiiir(i
♦this is 90 generally kngyn and 50- nis wonderful sagacity ? He has never^
Kiiowledg^T tiiat numbers arecon- during ili^e vhol^ course pfbts adml-
tinually &zarding their lives ^r the .nistration, j(ained on^ u^fijl pc^ ifi
purp(5se of enjoying that sensation j foreign pbJiiics tb^t he ^t p^^ frr : if
and melancholy it IS to add, that not he has been j>ucc^^fv\ i.^any thing,
a week elapses, at this season of the it is in laying i^creqsed ti«J infloepcf
year, \h which we have "not accounts of the crown, and in ^laving burthened
of persons being drowned. . the people with taxes ^yosyi all pre-

The eiectiop of public baths ^uld cedent, to carry 011 (iis ill-cou^erted
j)rcvent the' recurrence ofthe^e ^Q- scLem^es. Thism4stb^YPrj^<^.rijfy^ing
cidents': some may object, that there to a man of Mr. Pitff arrogant, and
are a sulficiehcy oX baths in and about self-sufficipntcliaract^r?o4 disposition,
the metropolis. I' shall not ^eny the He nay, with propriety, b^ V^m^fi
assertion takei? in general, but merely amongst the *' blundering pilots," so
observe that those to whom bathing is ch^acterised by Mr. Fo« 5 wd the
most essential, are precluded fro^ the natiq^i has lu«i \afi misfortune to
use of them, not b'avi^ig the means mistake his arrogance fov wls^pm, ti(
^vhe^ewit^^ to defray the e^pences their cost, HadT J\lr. ^i^i listened to
attending diem. I wink it ^'ould be the suggestions pf that worthy man,
a commendable action, nauch to the and ^oiTowe^ his advice* yrbo vill
credil of the gentlemen whbcopjpose pretend to say, (or saying, prove,) that
the New River Coi^p^i since they this kingdom would not h4ve been in a
have* prohibited persons bathing ii) fiir'more flourishing condition, t)ian
their river, to' begin by setting an it is at this time ? T believe that the
example of public spiritedoMs. Let last most rninpus war, (fef e^fwoding
a place for the use 01 the public be the America^ W^V^j in ite pernicious
erected : this mikht he done for a oonseauoiijces. to tins comitrv,] wotold
comparatively triffing expence. j^ have been prevented, had Mr. Fox
being eVected at on^ of those parts pre^ded In opr counciljj, iwtead.of
where the simerfluj^ water is drained yoiir corri^sppndent's f^vocitie* That
off, the bath would not lessen the pi^y actipps were per*prm«i durioaf
purity of that water which is intended uie courseof thp la!|t\rar> glorious to
ibr the use of the towiii Should you tlie British arms, 1 will not deny > but
think these hints worthy, a pkice in that should nos^ be attributed to any
your usefd and instructive Magazine, penetrating sagapity in Mr. KtU— let
I shall treat further on the subject in s( praise be given where it is due.
fiiture letter. I am Sir, your's &c. LD. The jgloriou? achiey^^ments, there- -
Londdn^ 4ugjust 6\ fore, oTa Nelspn, atAbowkir, never

, ■ can be said to crown Mx. Pitt witJk

Vincit aiDor Patrias. YiRoit. laurels. Read over the history of the

To the Editor of the Universal Mag: late war, and it would require the
sm, ^ wisdom'ofa Solonoonto tell in what

he iias shewn tlie djepth of bis.^'isflQoi •'
" HEADING your periodical paper. His adniinistration, ijt is Bo|»rious, has
called the Inspector, for the month or beea a series of djs^ters to ^5.caun*«i
June last, I wa^ very much pleased try 5 and in wliat then does he deserve
with many of your intelligent cor- the praises of his fellpw citi2en&?. la^
respondent's remarks,; but 1 make it for endeavouring to screen a
no doubt but that he must certainly noble delinquent, now Under charge
be unfounded^ wh^n he attributes the of impeaphjga^nt for having made too.
gresent flourishing slate of the nation, free with me, public money, from
to " the splendid talents of the present [>unishm5^nt } or for being deietsaiBed'
minister' * to reinstate tlie Bourbons on the

"That Mr. Pitt has proved himself thr(|;|^ pfj^anp^aed. other pqjiuwus
to be a man pf great the^^orical skill, pretences, and feiKog alcoost m all hi9
no one can deny ; so was lord North, great^ iri^^^. unqcvtakin^, after
tfie promoter and conductor of the expending ao mtKh oi the pubUc
Araeriqan War i but that Mr. Pitt has mot^y-aslfce h^A <i»ne.i : ■> .- '-
be cif tht savionir ^f/ihi5C0|nitr^ isa^^-. The' people ojtMWiese kingdoms,

• ^O .©no -(.iiJ bi.n Ml T

pi Dr. Hai^a\ K^ferfit fiSt^g $u^ndiii Animttlion. I Vf

pU^bemfidettien^bapprjpe^l^ ^utary e<fect9pfthe friction T 9n4
)amwoiM,ha4Ui^thegooal9rtuii^ oarule7t}i> 4irectiiig the funiea of
To have the momentous at^ir^ of the tobacco to be forced up the intestines.
Mum cooductedby wise, worthy an4 this author reiparl^s, *' The in}^tioii
honest p3eo> ai^d not b^ vicious, ii^- pf fumes of tobacco up th^ food^ment,
Dioas^ajTogantandcDnceitedapostHte^y ^om its narcotic qucUity, is luor*
Vboare never easy but when they arf Jikely to fetard^ tlian to gcceler^te th^
9q^deringther6veni:^ of thceoun* return of life. Is it not soniewb^
try, in uimecessary and clestruptiv^ atrapge that an k^rb Qoted for its tx-
irars, and at the same time appropri-r traor£nary eitects in diminiskiHg th«
^ting detachments of the public money vital pow^s, should be^nscommeoded
iotSeirown.ui^j as wa^ the ca§e re? by the Efumane Society, as 9 stimulant
peady, with a certain " Eight Honoiirr in cases of their sjusp^nsion." ?
able leech j'* a wretch that deserves tlie That the evaporation of spirits Arom
f^yecratk>a of ^verv virtuous man iq the surface of the body, geni^ratet
the cQuntrr ! An4 how much better cold, no one acquainted with practical
are they tban him, who wished to chemistry can qeny. It is, I presume,
kreen mm iroxp that punishment he on this account, th^t spirits of wine
^justly merits ? I hope tliey will not, prove so serviceable, as 2m application
Qpop examination, be found so black m local inflamm9tions ; ^idit is a well
is the ignoble peculator, before allu- known fact, that if a person be sud-
4edto. From y^nir known impartiality, denly immersed in rectified spirita, so
Iha\eno doubt, Sir, but that you great a degree of cpld would be pro-
will give the above remarks, ^ place ducedon.tnecxposujie Qf the body to
in the ne^ number of your very the atmosphere, as to destroy life ;
Tahaable m^ceUany. I remain. Sir, ^x. several instances corroborating thit
Ur'arrittgion, ^ugust 4. X. T. assertion, are tg be ibuod oiii record.

— — With respect to the e&cts of tobacco.

To Me Ef&tor ^ ^ks Uhivtrsal Mmg. indeterioratu^and destroying the vital
su, powers, many instances might be ad^

ITis obvions that in your Miscellany duced of its fumes haying b^ thrown
you are studious to comprise every up the rectui]&,u]t case^ of strangulated
lort of infiarmation that is likely to rupture ; a consequence which h$i
Drove of utility to th^ public j in which proved fatal in the space^f a few hours,
gesign, I be&ve you have so fax sue- Upon wh^t principle then, these
cee£d as to acquire it a .decided remedies are recommended by die Hu*
superiority over any other work pf ipaneSogi^ty, 1 own myselfata lossto
die kind, published ip these kingdoms, conjecture.. Probably iDr. Hawes, oc
With thia view, you have very proper- some of your readers of the medical
Ijf given a copy ofa pocket card, distri- profession, (by whom I 'find your
oQted by the candid ai;idinj;enious Dr. valuable Magazine is particularly en-
BvK-es, omtatning an abridgement oi ^our^^ed,) will have tne goodness to
the rales published and recommended point out, in some future number,
liy tke llunoane Society, for the re- whether these remedies should bo
CDvery of drowned persons, and abandoned or notj and in the latter
apftohle to other cases of sjiispended alternative, in what manner thev may
9umation. In rule 6th, it is stated, b«e expected to prove beneticial ?
"That the body shoiilcl be rubbed The inflation of th^e lungs, by means
vitb flannel, spn^kl^ mth spirits" gf a pajr of. bellows, by introducing
Qd this, let me observe, that in a the pipe into oae nostril, Icaixaver,
popular work*, lately published by from repeated exj^rience, is much
\>f. Bicbard fleece, who appears to more difficult thanyouK i:eader9, frora
^ ^ praciitipa^r c^ experience and consulting the rules you have copied,
<ibamation^ ' ni^der the head of si^i- yf^oM be led to. imagine } the alr^
I^CDdod anio^^pi^, the followinj; passing more freely through the gullet
p&P€m opinion is give^ on this mto the stomach and intet>tmes than into/
practice': "[Spirvta, .as an external the lungs. In order to facilitate the.
application, will proy^ hurtful, thq passage of air iuto the lungs,, the.
^|»ritlbn producing so considerable tongue should be drawn forwards
adegpeeof<oldas to counteract the which action, by elevating the epi-*
M^ b^. «4^.ipi( of. tljA »9tdesiic glottisa lea^vea tie topof OjeAvind-piB^

*'^^^' * Digitized by Google


Answm tothe Histfi^fcaland Pkiiosophkal Questions:

cpeh ; at the snine time, cnre shoald
be taken that the air does not escape
through the mouth or nostril. But
t^e most elfeclual way of intlating the
longs, is the o()eratton of makitis^ an
cpening in the wind-pipe, which
should only be performed by a skilful

For my own part, I cannot help
thinking that the most rational means
yet suggeMed by medical authors, of
restoring tlie vital functions, in a case
of their suspension, are those pubiish^
by Dr. Reece, on which I shall take
the liberty ofmaklnga lew cursory
observations, in a fiiture number of
your work, provided it shall apj^ear
that you consider the subject in the
tame light of suixrior national impor-
tance's 1 do; A^liich I shall beeuaoled
to judge of, by the insertion of this
letter. I am Sir, yovir's kc.

Camhidge, Jug. \6, 1805.


To the Mitor ofttie Universal Mag.

' SIR,

In perusing that invaluable and
superb work, the Lrf'e of Leo X. by
the celebrated Mr. Roscoe, I met
with the following anecdote of a lad
Poet, which I ha^TB tran?cribed for
)rour entertaining and instructive Mis-
cellany. Your insertion of it therefore,
while it may amuse your readers,
win oblige, Sir, your*s, John Evans.
Isiington, August 8. 1805.

•• A Temarkable instance of folly
and absurdity is represented to us in
the account given of Barala/lo, abbot
of G»ta, one of tliat unfortunate but
numerous class, who, without the
talent, pos!:e!Ss the inclination for
writing poetry, and who, like the rest
of his biethren, was perfectly insen-
sible of his own defects. The
commendation!? ironically bestowed
on his absv\rd production*;, had how-
ever raised hun to such importance
hi his own opinion, that he thought
him<«lf another Petrarca, and like hun
aspired td the honor of beii^xrowned
in tlie capitol ! Ihis afforded too
^vourable an opportunity for amuse-
ment to be negiei ted by the pootifF
^nd liis attendants ; and the festival
of S. S. Cosmo and Daroiano was
fixed noon as the day -for gratifving
the wi ihcs if the poet. In order to
id[d to the , ridicule, ie was resolved

that the elephant wliich had Isrfdy
been presented to the pontiff by the
king of Portugal, should be brooffbt
out and splendidly decorated, andtSat
harahatlo, arrayed in the triumphal
habit of a Roman conqueror, should
mount it and be convejned in triumph
to the capitol ? The preparations on
this occasion were highly splendid aod
expensive, but before they were cooh
pleted, a deputation arrived frorai
Ga^ta, where the relations of Bora"
balh held a respectable rank, fyr cbe
puiposc of dissuading him from ren-
dering himself an object of lat^ter
to the whole city. Baraballo^ however,
constnied their "kindness intp an illi-
beral jealousy of his good fortune, in
having obtained the favoor of the
ponrirf^ and dismissed them with re-
proaches and anger. Having thai
recited several of his poems, replete
with the most ridiculous absurdities,
until his hearers were no bnger
able to maintain therr gravity, he was
brought to the area of the vaticao,
where he mounted the elephant, and
proceeded, in great state, through the
streets, amidst the conAised noise dF
dnims and trumpets, and tbe accla-
mations of the populace. " I should
scarcely have bclie\ed," says Jovms,
*• unless I had myself been oresent at
the sight, that a man not less than
sixhf ytBxn of age, of an hononnbfe
family, and venerable by his stitiire
and his grey hairs, should have sultered.
himself to be decorated with the toga
pafmafb, and the iahtm chvnm ct
the ancient Romans, and bedecked
with gold and purple, to lie led in a
triumphal procession before the public
with the sound of ti-umpets P His
triumph was not, however, of long
continuance. On arriving at tho
bridge of St. Angelo, tlie sagacioia
quadruped refused to contribute any
longer to the ungenerous mirth ot'thft
crowd, and the nero of the day was
glad to descend in safety from bi»
exalted station. Tbe remembninrd
of this important incident was, bv die
ofxjersofthe pope, prpetuatedojr a
piece cf sailpture m wood, whkA
yet remains upon the door of one of
the ini^^r chambers of the Vatican !**



(Continued from pa?e zZ)

QVE^r:L Whkii ^(be'piiiK

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

Amwenioikt Historical and Piuk$^^ 119

ml epodift between the. takbg of ehough to rebel a^aiivt the {>owerfal

UK^rlofl aiid the battle of Maratlion ? sovereign of Persia, and to incur all

. In this period the n^ind is carried the horrors of a siege. The citj^ r^

mr a vast extent ot country, in ^ted the attacks ' of the Assaijanti

which great actions, as they are called, witii great bravery, and was at last

were perfix-med ; but the exploits of taken oy treachery : wiien, to prevent

our own ancestors are not known, siniiiar danger to the empire, the

Tbe annals of history give us but lit- walls, whidi were its chief boast^

deioformationofany country in these were lowered from fifty to twenty

tioiei, except thedoroinions of Persia, cubits^ and as in this act the con-

^Opt, Greece, Rome, and Carthage j querprs could not be expected to be

; uid of these tlie documents, that have very careful in the manner of per-

mched OS, are very scanty. Tiie forming it, Babylon must in various

few facts that have come down to us places have presented the appearance

are very important j and in that, as in of a heap of ruins. From Babylon,

the present age, there were scenes now hastening to utter destruction,

preseatedy which shewed the follv of we carry our.eyes to a city worthy of

ooman beings who sought for glory a similar iate, and similar oeslructtou.

in the harrassing of each other, and - ^Rome pre«en(ed to the world its

die destruction of the works of na- novel government, and driving out.

tare and art, instead of the promotion itv king, laid the foundations of re«

of each other's comfort, and the sub- publican power in the election of coo^:

doing of the earth, the proper business :iuls; and under this goaemraent its.

of man, to useful purposes. people were trained to war, and to

. Beniafirst calls our attention, which rule the nations with a rod of iron.— •

bad now extended its conquests under Yet the world was previously to be

Cfn» as £ir as the Mediterranean, tormented by other conquests, which

w Euxine, aibd the mountiins of were prepared by the fruitless ezpe-

Caucasus; and by the death of Da* ditions ot Darius against the liberty

finstheMede, and ofCambyses, the of Greece. To a d&;potic monarch,.

Beniaa Cyrus became the sole mo- nothing can ba so odious a sight as that)

narch of these extensive territories, of a neighbouring people, governing ^

; - From tlie union of the two states of itself by its own lav^, and preferrii^

: Media and Persia in the conquests, honourabie independence to the splen-

\ ^ empire is known by the name of dour and luxury of an efeminata

me united kingdoms of the Medes court. Darius determined to exter-

I aod Persians. The Eg}i)tian mo-» miuate the spirit of liberty, and

i IMrchy could not withstana the power marches wi^h an immense army into

' of so great and so near a neighbour, Greece. He doubles the cape of

I vuliudestructbn is full of terror and Mount Atiies, ts fail of • boasting*

^stonishmenL Tlie effects of it are and the Greeks, trembling fi)r their

^esL and in the conclsest manner, re- f^tes, are determined to sell their

Bted by the prophets of scripture, lives at tiie dearest rate, or to pre-*

•nd it requires their powers to paint ser\'e their liberty entffe,. .which no

{he distraction o£ Effypt, wlienJt saw- people can lose as long as they pos-.

^temples ransacked, ihe statues of ses.s ihe spirit to supix>rt it.

its gcKb crumbled to dust, its priests, Cyrus became sole monarch in thd

*nd wise men, ai id nobles, scourced year before Christ 53Ci. When we

• to death, its king -putting an end to compare him with similar conquerors,

his own existence, and his ^rnous- no oue seems so worthy to sitxMi the

Wl Apis, the object of their adora- throne of nations. An ejid is put to.

^1 slaughtered in the midst of his the Egyptian government, by Cam*

mazed and terrified worshippers.— bases' in tlie year before CImtisI. 52.5.,

Ikibylon calls again our attention. From this time t^e prophecy oq the

Itte taking of this city by Cyrus put desolation - of Egypt conunencesv*—

Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 21 of 108)