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lair has lost its fbrce, rank its distino- would be so great, that it is st^Sciengt
tion, and order iu existence ; in which for their satisfaction, if their general
ancient institutions are dissolving, and conduct be audi as to induce the peo-
new powers, of undescribed character, pie to think that their disposition be
and unheard-of pretension, are involv- not totally corrupt,
ioe Europe in contests and convulsions. Being a member of the republic of
oTwhich no human foresight can anti- letters, is among the first requisite^
cipate the end. in what manner we' for a monarch $ and nothing excites
auy be affected by diis unprecedented more indiguatioo than the mimber
ttate of things, what perils ws may of princes whom history represent a
liavc to face, what diiHculties to struggle as totally ignorant. " Happily fbr
with, or what means of final extri- this country, no defects of tnks kind
^on may be afforded us, is not in can be imputed to the prince that it
man to detenaiine. But certain it is, one day to ascend its throne.'* lb
that even in the most threatening cir- this should be added digpity of speech
cumstanoes, the obvious, unafiSectad, and demeanour, in which James tho
consistent piety of the sovereign, will First was so remarkably defective,
^ more to animate and unite a British and Elizabeth, and Louis XIV. so
public, ihasi the eloquence of aDe- eminent Patriotism is represented
Biosthenes, or the songs of a TyrtGeus ; as the first virtue implanted in a mo«
and it will be as sure a pledge of even- narch's bosom ; and we should prize
tual success, as either the best disci- integrity of conduct and intention,
piined armies, or the most powerful above mere abilities, as whoever un-
navies. Who can say how much we feiscnediy feels for the honour and
are iddebled fo^ our safety hitlierto to welfare of the country, their heart
the blessing of a king and queen, who will glow with a salutary warmth for
have distinguished themselves above all its interest.. In the intenral between
ibe sovereigns of the dav, by strictness the expectancy and the assumption ojf
^ moral conduct, and by reverence for the diadem, it is tbe particular duty
vdigion ? May their successors, to the of a prince to study the character of
fatm posterity* improve upon, instead its inuabitanta^ ana although tile texDi^

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' 148 On (he Sentiments and Conduct rtqmsit^ in « British Prince.

-per of the English, usually, accords cheerfully siibmittmg to those bufd«i<,
with that of Uie prince, yet he will which the necessity of the times and
learn their dispositions and ideas, circumstances imposed upon them ;
which is the fundamental art of but spurning with indignation demands
reigning more prosperously in this, not requisite of made upon them in the

• than in any other country. wantonness of authority. We arc

Our readers will feel themselves struck vith astonishment at a people,

> gratified in perusing the following who, in support of their honour, in

extract: — every just cause that reauired and in-

** Itcannotbe denied, that party spirit vitea theirexertions.coula unreluctantly
is the moving spring in the government sacrifice such enormous sums, that it

• of t\m country. W here freedom exists almost exceeds com'prehension how
with so much latitude, increasing con- means could be found to raise theoi. —

• tentions for the enjoymct of povrer, will But our wonder increases, when we re-

• naturally- arise from the personal am- collect there >vas a time, when this same
bition and private interest of men. It people could refuse twenty shillings,
-has often been asserted, that a British to an administration, the conduct of
monarch would, in vain, labour to de- which they disapproved.

tach himself from the views of party '^ '* England is the onlv country whfeie
that he must choose his men, and abide such an inflexibility of patriotism was
' by them at all events, if he would re- ever found. Immortal Hamden ! with
tain a character of steadiness and con- what regret we behold a noble historian
sistency. There seems, however, no representing the death of such a man as
necessity for a British monarch to chain a nationar deliverance! How could
himself down to particular individuals, Charles mistake the character of a pco-
in order to carry on successfully the bu- pic vvho laid before him such a specimen
siness of government. The only rule of spirit ! This spirit seems the tradi-
to enable him to reign with safety and tiopal inheritance of Enelishmen. —
honour, is to adhere faithfully to the It follows them inseparably wherever
spirit of the constitution, and to unite their name and power extend ; they
himself with those men only, whose transport it with them to the furthest
constitutional principles are undoubted, parts of the earth ; after asserting it re-
anJ whose conduct nas been invariably peatedly in their own country, they
stamped with national approbation. — maintamcd it with no less obstinacy in
7'his is the broad bottom so much re- the fatal contest which deprived £ng-
commended by English patriots ; while land of America."
he stands on no other, he may set all From such a specimen, it will rea-
opponents at defiance. But let an Eng- dily be perceivea, that our author's
lish monarch be persuaded; that unless sentiments are of the most liberal
his views arc manifestly patriotic, he tiu-n. He deplores the scarcity of
will, like such of his predecessors as honorary rewards in England j — that
have attempted to infringe the rights of although we may be a commercial
their people, meet with a sufficiency people, we should still be a spinted
of mortincation to convince him, that and warlike nation, and endeavour
duplicity and sinister intentions are in to reconcile a military with a com-
, their nature so perceptible, that no pre- mercial system ; and particularly that
tcnces will cover tncm from sifijht. — we should not let pecuniary encou-
Thc public in this country are tiawk- ragements, by being held tip as the
eyed in whatever concerns their liberties, chief remuneration for valiant deeds,
-^llie sentiments inculcated on Eng- sink ail othei rewards into di>repute ;
lishmen from tlieir infancy, the latitude for where lucre is not in prospect, no
and boldneos of mind acquired by the man will, in that case, feel tne least
free maxims that influence their edu- desire to .signalize himself.
cation, the freedom of the press, and of In the various dis(]uisitions which
universal conversation, are such barriers are necessary towards forming the
as no other nation could ever boast character of the young prince, he nc-
against the inimical designs of tlieir ver forgets to inailcale the necessity
rulers. of enaJuraging literature, and the po-

** The English perceive at once the lire itrts, sliewmg the disgrace that at-
drift of every measure propo3(\l by their tends the neglect. We must do
governors. 'History represents lUiiui as the leal ned doctor the justice to ob«

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Madac, a Poem. > • I49

that Tvith all his deference to and FToel, though illegitimate, kept
the kingly character, he has not for- tlie throne for some time, until he
{()tten that respect to rational liberty, was defeated and slain by J3avid, the
which has been the boast of Englisn- eldest son of the kite king, by a second
men, and the spirit of the constitytiou wile. He succeeded without opposi-
is strictly adhered to. On tliis subject tion, and slew Yorvvorth, impnsoned.
he obser\-es with becoming spirit : — Rodri, and hunted his other onrthers
** In the latter periods of the century into exile. Madoc, mean time aban-
precedine the revolution, the axiom ^doned his country, and sailed away to
piiDcipaliy inculcated by the patriotic the west, 'where having left part of
partv, was ^ that a king of England his people, he returned for a fresh
ooght, previously to any measure he supply, with whom he set sail, and
might have in view, to ask himself tlie was heard of no more. Strong evidenca
question, what will a parliament think exists that he reached America, and
of it ? The question o;oes a far greater his posterity are at this day on the sou-
length at this day: it embraces the tiiern branches of tlie Missouri j who
whole community. The English na- retain tlie same complexion and lan-
fion at large is now arrived at a degree of guage. He has connected with his
knowledge and discernment in its pub- history the circumstance ' of Xlm
Kc concerns that has no precedent in Aztecas forsaking Aztlan, in conse-
formerages. 'It has assumed the right quence of certain calamities and
of being judge paramount of its kings, particular omens, and founding tlie
of its ministen, of its parliaments, oi Mexican empire,
all that comes under the cognizance of Such is the foundation upon which
Soremmentand legislation." Mr. S. has reared a super structure^

Such are the prmciples which reign which he says ** assumes not the de-
thioQghout this little tract, which we graded title of epic." Tlie poem open*
do not hesitate to pronounce extreme- at the period when Maaoc returns
lYinteresdrg. The prince who forms from the distant land in search cf
fiiraself from such doctrines, will more adventures : and precisely at the
truly be a jgreat man, and we may moment when David is celebrating
Tcnture to itiscribe on his statue — his nuptials with Emma, the Saiion
Eoerso rursus succurtre sceclo. Piantagenet's daughter, whereby

Henry succeeded in breaking the in-

Abt. VI. Madoc, a Poem in two dependent hn\nx of the Welch. He
pfirts, by Southeif ; 4to, pp, 55(5. is iiitrotlucKt at the feast, and as me-
Lomion. Longman, Hurst, Rees moiy tiirnislied riiem with dirierent
tmd Ormt. Two Guineas in boards, circumstance^ of each other's achievt*-
THE name of Southey ranks de- ments, David gives an account cfijs
sen'edly very high among modern encounter with Hoel, Mridoc'stavoc.r-
poets, and although he miiy have been ite brother.

Joraewhat conspicuous for fastidious- "When with the traitor Hoel I did
WS8 and whimsicality, yet they are wage

Wemishes which are so much thrown The deadly battle, thrn was I in truth
into shade, by the superior lustre of Put to the proof ; no 'vantage ground
other qualities, that tliey are consider- vvas then,

«i as trivial and are forgotten. In Nor famine, nor disease, nor storms to
tbe article under review before us, it aid,

does not seem likely .that he will lose But eqiial.hard, close biittle, man to map,
iny of his reputation J he has displayed Briton to Bri^cn ! By my soul (pursued
t considerable degree of taste, and The tyrant, heedless how from Madoc's
luscom^eyed throughout the whole eye

oflhepertbrmance, a portion of lively Flash'd the quick wrath, like ligluning)*
interest, which has enabled us to thouj^h I knew

penise it with great pleasure. The reLei's wordi, his prowess then

He hai chosen for the foundation excited '

of liispoem, that period in the his- Unwelcome wonder! Even at tbo la?t,
toiy ot Wales, upon tlie death of When stiff with toil, and faint v,i:h
Oweu Gwynitii, A. D. Il0(), when woui.ds, lie niistd

hss children disputed the succession. Pecblv his brokirn sworc! *'

Yarwonh, the elckit, was set aside, I^hidoc broke srieixve^ and rtciinil-

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159



Modoc, a Poem.



sated on David ; wti^n to calm the

fury of the dissentants, Goervyl, sister
to Madoc, tutreats him ito relate his
adventures. He gives an account,
how, after the battle of Arvon, iu
which Hoel was killed, at tlie instiga-
tion of Cynetha and Cadwallon, (the
former of whom had his eyes blinded
by command of Madoc's father.) he
resolved to emigrate to some foreign
Jand. We transcribe witli pleasure,
the description of Cvnetlia.
" Gently on him had gentle nature laid
The weight of years I all pas:iions that

disturb
Were jjast away 5 the stronger lines of

grief.
Softened and settled, till they told of
_ grief.

By patient hopes and piety sulxlued.
His eyes, which had their hue and

brightness kft.
Fixed hfelessly, or objectless they

rolled,
Kor moved by sense,, nor animate with

thought."

Along period elapsed before they

itood trmmphant in another world,

mnd at length they reached the land,

and received a welcome from Erylhb,

2ueen of tlie Hoamen, who had been
riven from their original possessions,
by the Aztecas, and who still held
them under tribute, but upon the in-
•tigation ofMadoc, refused to comply
witn the barbarous custom of sujfenng
two of their children to be taken for
•acrifiice, and in consequence, war
ensues. Tlie adventurers, alter a
•cvere conflict, aie victorious ; the
tribute is annulled, tlie aboliiion of
human sacrifice ensues, and they bury
tlieir weapons of war and tlieir en-
mity, in one common grave ! Here
\ ends the recital of the adventurer,
which is interspersed with observa-
tions and incidents, which shew the
author to have made the customs of
the savages a very peculiar study j he
likewi:>e seems particularly conversant
in Cimbric literature.

Madoc journies through AVales, in
search ofuiore adventures, meets with
Ririo his brother, who engages to go
with him. He meets also with Llaian,
mistress to Hoel, by whom she has
a son : he like^^ ise takes them with
him. The description of this inteniew
is highly interesting, and we could
wish tliat our limits \^'ould allow us to
give tiie whole of it ; but we mui»t



content ourselves with UsaacLS accaosC
of herself, and which will be do bad
proof how our author succeeds in tbc
pathetic.

My name
Is Llaian: by the chance of war I fell
Into his power, when all the family
Had been cut off, all in one hour of

blood.
He saved me from the ruffians hand,

he soothed.
With tenderest care, my sorrow ; yot*

can tell
How gentle he could be, and how hia

e>es,
So full of li^ and kiudlinessy could

win
All hearts to love him. Madoc, I waa

Joung^
no living friend 9— ^nd when t

This infant to his arms, when wita

such joy
He viewed it o'er, and o'er again, and

pressed
A father's kiss upon its cheek, and

turned
To me, and made me feel more deeply

yet
A mother*s deqp delight— Oh 1 I waa

proud
To think my child, in after yeais, shooli'

say.
Prince Hoel was his father.

Tlius I dwek»
In the white dwelling, by the verdant

bank,
Thou^ not without my mebncholy

hours;
Happy the joy it was, when I beheld
His steed of shming grey come hastening

on.
Across the yellow sand \ Alas ! ere long»
King Owen died. I need not tell thee,

Madoc,
With what a deadly and fore-feeling fear
I heard how Hoel seized his fauier*s

throne.
Nor with what ominous woe I wel-
comed him;
In that last little miserable hour.
Ambition gave to love. X think his

heart,
Brave as it was, misgave him. Whea

I spake
Of David, and my fears, he smiled upon

me;
But 'twas a smile that came not from thd

heart;
A most ill-boding smile ! O Madac !

Madoc !



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Madoe, a Pi>en^. isf

Tpa know not with what msery I Their pt«ntf round, the blood and liib

saw ' of earth;

His parting steps ; with what a dread- At who«e command they swell, and o'er

fal hope their banks

I watched ror tidings ! And at length k Burst with resistless hiin» making vain

came. The toils aind hopes oi'man — beliold tlii^
Came itke a thunderbolt ! I sought the child!

6cld ; O, strong to bless^ »nd mighty to de«

Madoc, there were many widows stroy»

there, Ilaiocl oehold thy victim! so mayest
But none with grief like mine 1 1 looked thou,

aroood ; Restrain, the peaceful streams within

1 dngged aside the bodies of the dead, their b^ioks.

To March for him, in vain j — ^And then And bles» the labours of the hiuband-

a hope man.

Seized me, that ft was agony to lose ! * God of the Mountains! at whose will.

£very thing being ready for bis the clouds

departure^ Madoc has an interview Clusteraround tUe heights; who sendett

with bis brother David, whom he them

importunes to set Kodri ^ee ; bis en- T^^^ fertilizing showers, and raise

treaties have some efiect, but npon The drooping herb, and o'er the thirsty

bis sending to liberate him, he is vale

found to have escaped. The scene Spread their green freshness ; at whoM

between David and im brother is voice the hills

highly aftectins^. ' Madoc with Goer- Grow black with stomis i whose wrath

vyX nis sister Kirio, his brother and (be thunder speaks ;

aoumerous train of followers, set sail Whose bow of anger shoots thtpight*

sod arrive safely at the place of their ning shafts,

destinatioft. In the first part we have To blast the work of man ! - behold this

seen Madoc only in Wales, we are child!

BOW to view him in a mnch more ex- O strong to bless, and mightyto destroy*

tensive, sphere ; as a conqueror, a lialoc! behold thy victim! so uiayesl

nmoarch, and a lawgiver. Jealousies thou

having arisen in his absence, whicli ^y by the fiery arrows of thy rage,

were fomented by the priests, tlie ^^<^ old the genial rams and dews de«

Aztecas return to the worship of their scend.

idols with alt their horrors^ and the O thou, companion of the powerful .

flamesofM^arao;ain issue forth. Ik- God!

lala, sumamed the Tyw, and Companion and beloved! — ^whcn he

Ocelopan, sumamed the Shedder of treads

Biood, are tixed upon to get some Themountain top, whose breath diffuset

Briton into their power, and some round

British cliild, as a sacrifice to appease The sweets of summer ; when he ridet

Mextili, tlie principal god of Aztiau, the waves.

They come at the dawn of day, and Whose presence is the sunshine and th«^

discover Madoc, who is surveying the calm, —

rising city with youn^ Hoel, who Aiauh, O green-robed Goddess, see thla

runs playing about, till ne get:* nearer child,

the covert, when out starts Ocelopan Behold thy victim ! so mayest thou ap-»

and seizes his prey. Madoc hastens pease

•fter him, and when he rearly over- The sterner mind of Ilaloc, when he

takes him, the tyger rushes upon, frowns,

tad assisted by a party in ambush, And Atzlan flourish in thy fostering;

niakes him prisoner. In tlie mean smile.

time yoimg Hoel is to be buried alive Young spirits, ye whom Atzlan's piety

«sasaa"ifice. Here the song of the Hath given to Ilaloc, to enjoy with nini,

Vijgms is peCTiliarly beautiful For aye, the cool delights of lialocan.

God of the Waters! at whose will the Young spirits of the happy! who have

streams left

Plow in their wonted channels, aftd dif- Your heaven to-day, unseen assiitanti

fuse ' here.

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1 52



Madot, a Pdem.



Behold your comrade! see the chosen

chifd,
Who through the lone]y cave of death

must pass
Jjke you, to join you in eternal joy."

The train arrives at r mountain's side,
and ycjun^ Hoel is shut up in a cave
to cfie. in the me^n time, Coatd,
Aingliter to one of the priests, who
yaras searching for flowers to deck the
fthrine ofoneof the goddesses, saw all
tbat happened, and wished to sive the
child, wiien from a fissure in tlie rock
« vtilture rose: 5he looked where the
carrion-bird had risen and distinctly
beard the voice of young Hoel, whom
after some delay, she liberaes from
hi& coi}fir>ement Our readers will
observe in this, a strong reseniblance
to a story in the Arabian Nights en-
fertainm'ents,- in one of the voyages of
Stnhad the sailor, who is shut up in a
carem, and escapes through a cleft in
the mountain, which had been the
track ot some wild beast that came to
leed on the dead bodies. We do not
accuse Mr. S. of direct plagiarism, but
the circumstances are so similar that we
could not help noticing them. He has,
however, rendered the passage so in-
teresting, that we regret the incident
being so familiar. Madcc is led to
instant sacrifice, but llalala insists that
be shall die a noble death, upon which,
with the consent of the king, Madoc
is to comb.U six successive foes, with
bis foot tied to the " stone of uca'h."
Ocflopaii, by lot, engn;^es lirst j him
affera violent contest ne kiiJ.5, and the
C(jni!)jr with tiie Tyger ensues, but
while it is going on, he is calleJ to
fa 4* Ills country from tlie Britons.
VicifJiy on their part ensues, (he
Atezcas arc co.nplote ly .'onqu.M e .and,
atiemjrth, emr^rate tioin theu' country,
and the Cross ofChrist is triumphantly
Feared ui the city of Aztlan. The
autlior has intersped his story with .se-
teral episodes, which are, however,
well-conneami with it. As a speci-
men of his skill in describing a battle,
we >hali <jive that l)et\vccn Madoc and
' Coanotfzia, king of Atzlan:

Fast on the intervening buckler fell
Tlic Aztcca's stone fauichion. Who

liath watched
The xiiuini^ht lightnings of the summer

btorm
Thni» with their awful blaze, irradiate
^heaven.



Then leave a blaieker night ? ao 'quick,

so fierce.
Flashed Madoc*s sword, which like thfc

serpent's tongue
Seemed double, in its rapid whirl of

light.
Ui^equal armn! for on the British sfaieU
Availed not the stone faulchion's brittle

edge.
And in the golden buckler, Madoc's

sword
Bit deep. Coanocotzin satv, and dropt
The unprofitable weapon, and reoeivea
His ponderous club, — ^that club beneath

whose force.
Driven by his father's arm Tepolomi
Had fallen subdued — and fast and fierce

he drove
The massy weight on Madoc. From

his shield,
The deadening force, comniunicated, ran
Up his stunned.arm; anon, upon his

helm.
Crashing, it came: — his eyes shot fir^

his brain
Swam d'zzy — he recoils — he reels — again
The club descends —

ITiat danger to himself
Recalled the Lord of Ocean. On he

sprung
Within the falling weapon's curre of

death,
Shunning its frustrate aim, and breast

to breast
He grappled with the king, llie pliant

mail
Bent to his straining limbs, while plates

of gold,
The feathery robe, ihe buckler's ampli*

tude,
Cumbered the Azteca, and from hk

arm.
Clenched in the Briton's mighty grasj^

at once
He dropt the impending buckler, and let

fall
The unfastened club 5 which, when tht

prince beheld,
He tnrust him off, and, drawing back

resunied
The sword, which from his wrist sus-

. pendcdhung.
And twice he, smote the king; tiricc

from the <^uilt
Of plumes the iron glides: and lo! tht'

king.
So well the soldier's watched their mo-
narch's need.
Shakes in his hand a spear. But nowa

cry "^

Burst 6n*tlie ear tf Madoc, and he «**

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Mekoric Stwes. 153

Hkiougb .opening nxiki, where Urien Leant undemeatha tree, whose spreadins .

was conveyed, boughs,

A captive to his death. Grief, then^ and With broken shade that shifted to th«

shame, breeze.

And rags, inspired him. Witha migjity Played on the waving waters. Over-
blow, head
He cleft Coanocotzin's helm ; exposed There was the leafy nrurmur, at his foot
The monarcli stood : again the thunder- The lake's j^erpetual ripple, and from far,
stroke Borne on the modulating gale, was heard
Came on him, and he fell. The roaring of the mounuin cataract.

Such are the specimens which we A blind man would have loved the lovely
kave thought proper to give of this in- spot.

terestinaj work, and we regret that our We conceive this to be an improper
limits will not allow us to transcribe epithet in this place. We always un-
pore. derstood *' lovelv*' to be that sort of

TTie machinery of the poem is very perception, in wnich the eyes were the
nmpJe, and although the events hap- principal agents -, thus Otwav,
pen in a period when ignorance and " Grew sweet to the sense, ana lovely to
superstition might be supposed to be the eye."

It dieir height, yet the author Jhas con- Mr. S. is veiy fond of using scriptural
docted OS through all its windings, expressions^ which, however proper
without outraging the understanding, in the application of the idea, yet add
or potting credibility to the stretch, no great cHgnityj onthecontrary,the^
Tbe snake scene is wound up with a impoverish, and are too trite trom theu:'
considerable d^ee of horror; and he familiarity.

hascontrived,with great skill,to expose The particular omen , which , mde-
tbe treacherous wiles of priestcraft, with pendently of the calamities, induce the
tbe destruction of the offender. The Aztecas to migrate from their country,
connection of two historical events is indeed unworthy of the dignity of the,
gives the poem that unity which it poem. The author seems himself to be
moold possess ; and alOiough we do conscious of it, and that in our opi-
Dot approve of adventurers waging nion should have been a principal rea-
war with the inhabitants of other son for omitting it > there could cer-»



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 27 of 108)