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the o^rtunity of escaping, eluded his (hon was brou^t-to to cover the cap**

porsoit, passed throu^ the Gut of to«ed ships, whep these «hips wer^

Gibraltar, was joined by a Spanish squa^ properly secured, and the squadron

iboB, and pursuing its course on the put to rights, the commander expresses

ocean, gave room to the wildest specu* a confidence of giving so^ie farther ae-»

htioQs, in which the cabinet was jnst count of the enemy. The French ad-*

is wise as any other dub in the ooontry. mUal aends to his nation a fuller detail

'Fhe minister, indeed, had enou^ to of the action, qonfinns the account of

distract his attention : his intimate tho greatness of the fog, which covered

fneod and colleague was diseovened ; the whole van and rear gf his squadron }

ttid disgrace hung over his head ;•— and but, ^* as far as he could see, all the ad«

tie temble blow of impeachment was vantage of the combat was on his side,"

U> be warded off. Repoits upon reports and in the morning he saw the £ngli4l

wereetreulated on the destination of the to leeward, whom he th^ght he per*

^ch, and a considerable time elapsed ceived to have retreated. Upon which

before it was discovered -that they were he determined to pursue, tbon^ he^ML

ia the West Indies, and had anchored not perceive in his. line the two Spanish'

^the fourteenth oif Mayat Martinique, ships Le Finne aod Le St. Raphael.-^

Where was 1a}tA Nelson }-«-To what Though the wind abated, the sea was

Pft of the world "was he steering }-^ high, and he could not en^ga tho

Was begone to the Braails^ to the l^i^ish, who bote dowp, in tnesi^^r

Cape of Good Hope, or to Newfound- ner he wished > but he mado everf

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170 State of PuiUc 4ff(iiri.

preparation to renew the engagement ' and that, when he chooses^ he can seod
at day-hreak. In the morning he saw diem to execute his commands. In such
the English making every press of sail an expedition he forms sailors, whom
to avoid another action ; ana, being un- the circumstances of the times have die-
able to force them to an engagement, prived of much experience ; and he
he thought it his duty not to swerve proves to the world, that he can, when
farther from the line of his course. The ne> pleases, distract England by his aa-
fog, it seems, prevented him from eiv- noeuvres. He mizht have expected*
ing a complete account of the loss otthe that more ships ini^t haie been drawn
Spanish snips, but he has the confi- off from their stations, and that the
dcnce to conclnde his letter with this Brest and Dutch fleets mighthave avail-
erand ^ponade :— " In short, my ed themseKes of the opportunity to
lord, this affair has been honourable to come out, andi^ssist in his grand scheme
the- arms of both powers, - and had it of invasioit. Time must dbcovcr his
Hot been for the thick fog, which con- real intentions; and it is certain, that
tinued to favour the movements of the the expedition is calculated to raise the
retreat of the enemy, he *wonld not, spirits of the nation, and -to lead them
have escaped our efforts, nor a decisive to entertain hopes of bein^ roused from
action." their naval lethargy, and oi'being able to

On these two different accounts, cope in due time with the fleets of
the nations of Europe will make their Britain.

own comments. The French will boast But, whatever his sea views niay
of a victory, and they will even think have been, his continental plans went
it a sufficient cause of boasting, that on uninterrupted. Russia and Austria
they held such a contest with our force, might be di^leased at the union of the
though they were so superior in num- Italian crown with the Imperial diadem ;
bers, and lost two ships of the line in yet he arranged the afibirs of his Italiaa
the engagement. The fiict, however, dominions with the utmost facility,
seems to be, that they were certainl)r and returned to his French capital as a
beat in the engagement, and were not long established monarch might do from
willing to renew It 5 yet they were not a summer^s excursion. Scarcely was
so completely beat, as to give our com- any time allotted for repose. He is soon
mander suflicient confioence in his after heard df at Boulogne ; and, if we.
strength' to renew it. He had suffered might give credit to our public papers,
very materially in the action, and might his arrival on the coast created an alarm
f^v content himself with the fruits in Britain. A speedy. invasion was pro-
of (lis victory ; and he might also nounced with the utmost confidence ;
be satisfied with the damage done to but the people were not such fools to
the enemy, who could not possibly trust to these idle reports, nor to lei
be able to annoy us farther, and whose their spirits be depressed, e%'en if^tbey
future efforts would be repressed by the were true. What, indeed, could faie
force that we niight collect to blockade more ridiculous, than to read in one
it in Spain. Tnither, however, the column exaggerated accounts of the
dombined fleet has arrived, and our eflbrts of the enemy, and in another,
country has received as little damage al- that the king was amusing himself at
most as possible from, this supposed Weymouth, the Prince of Wales mak-
very formidable expedition ? ins an excursion of pleasure, the wa-

fiut what was the object of this tenng placed in sight of the enemy over-
expedition \ A large fleet, with a great flowing with company, and every per-
number of troops on board, sails to the sonof rank and distinction following his
West Indies, and returns without per- usiial summer engagements. In this
forming any exploit, worthy of such the sovereign and his people were per-
du undertaking. - The emperor of fectly right ; for the only way to be se-
France is not a man who plans idly, cure against an invasion is to shew the
or whose views extend no farther than enemy, that hb threats make no im-
what may l>e apparent to any coffee- pressibn upon us, and that his landing
house politician. He may tKink that upon our coasts would create only a cer-
it is no small point gained, to teach his tarn degree of confusion within sight
suHiects that his fleets are blockaded of his army. Indeed it would be ua-
bis harboon DO longer thap he chooses;, pardonable in Britaia to be any longer

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State oj PuWk Affairs. \Ji

jBinned by this bugbear of inYasion.7— the lepiesentative to ailepQidaDce on hi#
Notice has been given too long for us constituents, and not on the minister ,
to be unprepared ; and if we are not to make the accounts thoroughly intel*
able to resist one or two hundred thou- ligible, and the granting of a sup])!/
■sand Frenchmen » supposing them to impossible, until those of the precede
hare landed, we no longer deserve to ing year have been fairlv balanced \ un-
leiain our possessions* To do this, it less l>odi kins and people are led by the
is evident that we have superiority of transactions tnat have lately been brought
narobers ; and the only doubt can be to light, to see the necessity of those
with respect to their skill and disci- measures, there need no iHenaces fiom
piine. Suihcient time has been given the enemy : internal corruption will
to our volunteers to quahfy them in the produce far more dangerous effects than
use of arms 5 but it does appear strange, foreign force. ^

that every method possible has not been The French emperor lefl his Italian
taken both to ascertain their strength dominions, contenting himself with the
and their skill in arms. They are to crown of Lombardy, and leaving the
assist the regular army in defeating the ^ope and the king' of Naples in tlie
enemy, or perhaps may bear the whole nominal possession of their dominions,
brunt of ttie . battle ; yet we do not — ^The former, assuredly, deserves every
hear in their reviews and exercises, that thing from his hands ; for he has done
they are ever mustered with the regular every tiling in his power to inspire into
troops, and they seem to be kept as re- the minds of that silly flock, winch still
nioie from eacn other, as if they had pays implicit reverence to the impostor, '
too different countries to defend. Since calling nimself the vicar of Christ on
the volunteers are supposed to be inferior earth, a confidence in his most dear
to the regulars, common prudence seems son in Christ, whom he adorns with
to dictate^ that wherever there are re- e\'ery virtue under heaven. The speech
gular troops in the neighbourhood of of the pope, on his return to Rome, has
volunteers, the former should assist in been published in the French pa|x;rs,
training the latter : that they should be from which we learn, that the peopfe
continually exercisinc together, and by of that illustrious nation rejoiced at nis
frequent sham battws, in which, of arrival amon^ them, and gave the most
eourse, the regulars would be the vie- striking manifestations oi their piety and
tork>us party, the volunteers should be religion. At Fontainbleau, he tells us,
exercised in all those plans, which may he had the pleasure of beholding the
enable them to defeat an enemy. most puissant prince, whom God ha21

The threats of invasion have doul>t- -chosen to restore his true religion in.
less produced an effect on some weak France to its fonner publicity and splen-
minds, and they have been seized by dour: that it is beyond the powers of
tome of the public papers, as a gooti language to express the love, the zeal,
method of calUng off the attention of and the external veneration, which the
the people from their more important people of France bear towards reli^on ;
eoDcems. Tliese, as we stated last that they were never tired of rccei^ ing
month, relate to domestic affairs ; to his apostolical l)enediction, and that he
the situation in which they live j to did not leave the invincible emperor, till
the profuse expenditure of the public he had . received from him numerous
ffiOBcy; to the means of bringing it testimonies of his favourable sentiuients.
under the controul, as it ought to be. For these and other mercies he calls on
of the house of commons ; to a perfect his hearers to prostrate themselves at the
investigation of all the abuses that have foot of tiie Author of all those benefits,
crept in under the administration of the and humbly to supplicate him, through
present minister 5 to a rigid enquiry into the intercession of the blessed apostles
tttry part of the adaiinisi ration in Peter and Paul, to protect and accom-
which he and Lord Mehille were con- plish in his mercy all that he (the pope)
nected together. These are points, we m his weakness has endeavoured to be-
ihall insist upon, of more consequence gin for his glory, the exlcnbion of the
to the country, than the menaces of true religion, the safely of all soul?,
foreign invasion ; and unless they lead and the adMintage of the chiirch and the
to the restitution of the constitution, as holy see. The mixture of impiety and
wtled at iht revolution ; to the restora- holy hypocrisy in this speech will shock
te of trieanial parliaments > to being die pro'tcstant reader ^ but it is a subjcci

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S$aU of PuiBc JifpAri.

i>f m^liuicholy fefleetion, that so many ** from effecting any sAious lAtsatiaA
•of oiirfeUow-creatut^ wiU be deluded except by pkmdering the viUagea, tni
-by it, and that the Qiristaan leli^on destroying th^ countiy as he patiet.**
ahould temain tainted by such an im- This imsoiief, tenned not senous* is
potior. The protestant, however, of what En^id may expect iirom an in-
any description, is just as culpable as \'ading anny, if it is not resisted by va-
the papist, if he taltes his omnion of re- lour and discretion ; and, therefose,
ligton not from Christ and nis apostles, they well deserve to suffer, who at sudi
4)ut from the fallible tmditions of men ; a time do not endeairour, that both of
and the flattery of sovereign power by these qualities should be united ia our
a protestant bishop or minister) is even defence. Whilst we aie thus piepariag
■tnore disgnstrng, thanwhten it comes to defend ourselves at home, and ovetf
from the mouth of a pope. running an immense tract of conuliy

'' if the French «mpmr has for a time abroad, we are very free in our oensuict
left his Italian neighboors in possession on the French for tneir conduct in £a-
of their estates, apprehensions are en- rope, and conceive, thai it is the hidbeit
tertained of his views npon Holland insolence for a foreigner to dare to tnink
and Switzerland. A panition of the of treating its i?i the same manaer as we
former country is now talked of, and treat forogners.

Pmssia is to be favoured in the divin^n The affairs pf Jamaica still continue
of the territory. It is by -no means im- to be perplexed. Thsx island lias suf-
probable, that something of this kind fered n^aterially by the alarm Mtelyoe*
-may take place, and that the quondam ated in it, as the apprehensions of speedy
possessions of our king ia Germaoy, invasion took people from their ne-
'may, with part of HolUnd, be itrevo- cessary labours. In such a state of sf-
cably fixed to Prussia. This may be folrs, eyeiy thin^ ^ould be done to
necessary to strengthen the hands of the prevent internal discontent. The other
"latter, in case ofa union between Rus- islands will soon recover from the con-
' sia and Austria against France. fusion into which theyhaivebeen throwa;

Hussia and Austria are assmnm^ a yet as the French hare, notwithstanding
more menacing appearance. Couriers our blockades, found the way to get st
are continually travelling about, and ihem, they are not whhout tears of an
negociations are talked of \ but whilst annual visit and annual contribntioBS.
these courts are deliberating, France is Domingo is not yet a black island, and
iieting ; and before they can act, should it still continues doubtful, whether they
they summon resolution for such a pur- or the French are nltiniAtely to nde
pose, the season for Operations will have over that fortile country. Ameiica en-
passed, and the intervention of winter riches itself by commerce and industty;
Win disconcert their schemes. It is but lately has had some grounds sf
most probable, that the bustle made complaint on ^e seiaure of their shias
bv Russia will end in its acquisition of by us, which will i>robably be amicably
Pomerania, and that it will be justified settled. Tlierc is no reasoning* how-
in our papers as beneficial to the good ever, on a future political event, when
order of Europe. If English gold we reflect on the manner in w)iichwQ
^houid be used m the purchase, we can entered into the Spanish 'war.
' only say, that, had it been thrown in The united kingdom has had reason
'the sea, it would have been used to a to rejoice in a slight event in one, bat
better purpose. Sweden will sink lower very importaiit in another point of view,
in the scale of Europe, and will fall This is the defeat of Lord CasUeieagh
apln into its natural dependance on as candidate to represent the county of
• 'Slf^* Downshire. With eeapect to himselO

The affairs of India do not bear the it is of little importance, as a treasuiy
tnost fiivburable aspect. The nati^-es borough will be open for him, whenever
have resisted, with great eneigy, an at- it is requisite for him to take his seat in
tack upon one of their forts, and made the house of comnions : nor is it of the
g'^^*^ slaughter both of the Europeans first importance that he owes his dis-
' and the Sepoys in our anny ; yet our giace to the support he has given to
general entertains sanguine hopes of Lord MeWille, and to the measureg ot
final success. There is a singular trait the present minister. But it is a matter
inhis letter, describing the progress of of great consolation, and what was lit-
Uie enemy, who is prevented, it seems, tie expected, that a cqunty of IrM

List of New PuhScaHant in Jugtut, 1605.


> AoqU be cmpable of shewing its inde- the sist^ isle, and the leprettntation of

iiciideoce ^ that it is adt a mimstertal Ireland will heieafter be of a very dif-

Mioagh ; and its independence is shewn ferent nature from that of Sco'tlaiKi,

in throwing out a minister with all |he The English and Irish may then con-

wealth of India at his controul. This giatulate each othe^ on the nuitual be*

nple may have a powerful effect in oeiits received by the union.

iT As this Department tviU le of great Importance to Authors and Book-
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Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 31 of 108)