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necessary a knowledge of plants is, of the plant given in the Flora Lott"
particularly to medicia gentlemen re- t&nensis, with which I found it exactly
'tident in the country, tfin by reciting to correspond/'
'to extract from a letter which I re- " Independent of the singula^ sa-
ceived some few years since fiom tisfiurtion whidi Mr. Lowe n^ust feel
Mr. Lowe, surgeon at IVeston in from knowing the plant in questtoo,
Lancashire, a gentleman who had an advantage nas arisen to the public ^
formerly b^n my pupil. the poisonous quality of the fool's-

'' On Thursday the 5th of June, parsley is asoertainecC which before
" '^* " " " ' Time, and a

h of late f eara

, rapid advances and

feolVparaley with pearly the same such material improvements in everf
quantity of youn^ lettuce, about one branch of medicine ; whidi has intro-
o'dock at noon 3 in about ten minutes duced a rational practice, founded on
he was afiecied with a pain and hard- an intinaate knowledge of the animal
Bess in his stomach and bowels, at- oeconomy/and an accurate history 01
tended with a rumbling | he walked diseases ^ which has rescued surgery
out into the fields, but was seized fix>m the hand of pretenders, and
with auch languor, weariness, and taught mankind to repose a confidenc#
weakness, diat it was with difficulty in Uiose only who liave laudably ex**
he supported hlmseu till he got home; erted themselves Ifl acQuinng anato«
he was much troubled with giddiness mical knowledge; "Wnich nas re-
iir his head, his vision was confused, deemed chemistry from empirics, and
and sometimes objects appeared (&u- made it subservient to the pracdce oi
Jble: at seven o^dock he took an physicjwiU, it is presumcil in a few
etnetic, which brought up, as he sup- years, place botany in a more fiivour«
poaa, all the foolVparsley he had abl6 point of view, and cause ita
eaten, but not any of the lettuce) this utiHtv in medicine to be more g««
cxmsidenihly relieved him from the neraUy acknowledged.*'
uneasy sensations in his bowels, but •»-*

the other symptoms oKitinued, and ixtxacts fxom a tlTfkAXt
he passed a restless night. Next day ooamoK ^lacb booK*

he had much pain in hia head and Hume,

era, which hat were inflamed and HUMEIsgenerallydlo^^tohatMi
bloodshot: he had difierent drcum- been of the most unassuming nanneca
scribed swellings in his fiice, whioh nd ffentle disposition^ Mackenaie^
were painful and inflamed, but th^ the eiegant ana amiabid author of th«
were transient, and flew from place Man tf Feelinz, describing HunM
to piaoe ; this night he took a powder Hi a borrowed cEaradssr, says, that cC
which made him sweat profusely, all the man with whom he ever coa«
On Saturday his eyes were highJy versed, this writer was fflOst free froni
mflamed, painful, and entirely dosed egotistic arroeance and argumentative
the surrounding inflammation 5 petulance. One sui^ect, however.



1



is day he was bled, which gave him was too powerful for his singular for*
much ease in bis head and eyes, ))earance. Hume was a Scot, and
From this time until Monday he con- thoimh the chief professed object oT
tioued to get better ^ but had, even his Giboors was the annthila t ion of

VoLIVr D ^ .

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18 -BxlTiicUfrtm a tAterary Common Place Book.

preiadice, his partiality for the dicatjon, as letting him into the

** North Coijntry • superseded every meaning of the picture before him.

sifggestlon of his moderation and good 3dly« It^'ould look as if there was

•cose. The late Lord Lyttelton, when more occasion for the Dedication

dining in his company at Ragley, the (which is pretty long) than tliere

residence of lord Hertford, very in- seems to be at present,

nocently asked him " At what time ** This seems to me a trick to cheut

of the vepr, the harvest was hpased the public. The cjuestioii is, if you'll

in Scotland ?" All the tranquillity of be An accomplice in it }^*

the philosopher was dissipated on the 1 his epistle from the piocis author

Instant. His jeaUmt imagination fi^ ©f tli© '* Centaur not Fabulous,'* it

gated the enquirer as wishing to in- dated Sunday !

^ smuate that there was no hanest, or ' Xord Orrery.

' at least, that no bams were requisite *' No man is wise at all hours/*

hi the. land of the North Britons, add Lord Orrftry, the /riend and biogra-

he replied in a strain of high offence pher ot Swift, is a striking instantje

and mspleasure. of the truth cff this ancient* proverb.

Richardson. His Lordihip, k seems, had such aa

RiCEtAltnsoN says in hb ' Letters,' unbounded love for the classics, that

•* Pai^on Young sat for Fielding's he bestowed classical appellations oa

Parson Adams,'* (not the Author of the dumb parts of his household,

the Night llioughts, but a Translator Thus his dog bore the name of no

of slnafi capacity) '' a man he knew, less distineuished a personage thaa

and only made a little more absurd Casar. ' Caesar, however, one day

than he is Imo^KH to be. The best giving his Ijordship a most unclassidu

atory in the piece is of himself and Bite, the acute and witty com|>auioii

his first wife. In his Tom Jones, his of the Dean of St. Patrick's seized a

hero is made a natural child, because cane, and pursued him round the

his own first wife #as such. Tom rtxMn with peat solenmity, uttering,

Jones is Fielding himself, hardened the while, this truly classical menace :

in some places, softened in others. •' Caesar ! Caesar ! if I could catch

Lady Beliaston is an infamous woman thee, Caesar, I would give thee as

(if nis former acquaintance. His many wouads as Brums gave thy

Sophia is again his first wife. Booth, name-sake in the capitoT !"— But

In his last piece, is again hlmsehf. ^'hat man is a hero or a wit in hit

Amelia, ereu to her noseU'ssness, is hour of domestic relaxation?

again his first wife. His brawls, his Dr. Cotton.

jarrs, his gaols, his sponging houses I believb it was the facetious Dr*

are all drawn from what he has seen Cotton, who, on employing an artist

and known.** ' to paint his portrait on a sheet oi

A love of finesse appears, from the glass, wrote underneath :

•arae qorapilation. to have been an u Nunc primum transptmi."

tonpleasing trait m the character of ^^uu^primum (r«iupmu.

Dr. Voung, whose pensive muse -—-

poured mionight orisons of so mellow motional ibcrrations fob av«

a Cadence ** to the pale lamp of * gust, 1805.

heaven^" /' Suppose," writes he in ^.a^ uiUr pmlia impcr

say, m the tide-page of the Night . ., ' ^^ '^ •'» .. •
Thoughts, puHishedhf the Author of Amvi the storms of war, witbcunous fy«i,

. Clarissa? This is a trick to put ft ^ »»« "»« P^*"^'** »»^ ^"^^cy the tkies
into more hands: I know it would BY attending to the course of th«
have that effect." Ajain : ^ If you Moon, we shall, this month, become
knew any proper artist in that way, acquainted with several celestial ob-

. 1 wish you would shew him the gro- jects and aspects, eaualk amusing and
tesoue*. picture of a centaur in my instructive. On the third evening,^
Deaicatiou. If I cotiid h»e a cut of she will appeaf not quite five degrees^
It, IwouW prefix it m the l^^etters. / from Jupiter ; and m this position.
It woi^ld, I tbiuk, have two good tbe Moon, Jupiter. Antares, and the
effects : 1st, II would carry the reader second star in Scorpion, wUl^ exhibit
With vaxM aj^petite through the De- an interesting appearance to the asuo-

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Motional Xecreations for August, lS05. Ip

Bomka] student. On the fourth, the first of tlieharp*^ — Tn the norths the

AfoQO will appear between three and fourth star of the Great Bear \^ill be

hot degrees from Antares, passing nearly on the meridian, and above

b^ diat star in the course of tlie after* the polar star. — In the SS£. in mid-
nooQ. On the sixth evening, at about heaven, the firstof the Eagle. — In U)o
seven hoars twenty^tn^o minutes, a £• twentv-five degrees above mid-
itarof the fourth magnitude in. the heavien, the first ot the Swan .—In the
Gtxbtellation of the Archer, will be WSW. about seven degrees above the
odipsed by the eastern ri/n of the horizon, Antares ; and to the W. of
Moon, and continue hid one hour it, the second of the Scorpion j an4
and twenty-three minutes. On the Juj>iter, higher up : rather above
seventh, tne Moon will direct her mid-heaven, the first of Heia4esah4
coone towards the Goat, and pass the the Serpent-bearer. — In the \|^. Arc-*
first star Airuig^he night oitbef eighth, turns, about MuSen degrees below
Onthe twenty«.seventh, she will move mid-heaven.

between Saturn and the first of the The Great Bear, which was de-
Virgixy on the twenty-eighth, to the, scribed last month, is now in a &•
east of the latter star j and, -on the' vourable position for obsenation, the
thirty-first, wiU appear at the distance body, or oblomg, bein^ about ten de«
cf only fifh^-nine minutes from (Aa- grees below mid-heaven. By draw-
taxes) die nrst of the Scorpion, uiga line through tlie first and se»

Venos, Mercury, and Regulus (the ccJod, the Polp-star will b^ discovered
first of the Uon) will approximate about fifly-one degrees and a half
eaefa other during the whple of the above the horizon. Th# position,
month; andonUie first ddy the two and rehtive distances of the 8tar$
fbmier win be in geocentric conjunc- forming' the constellation called the
tkm, and set togetner about halt past Lesser Bear, (of which the polar star
eight A few minutes after sunset, forms a part) may be delineated by
te cannot fiiil of seeingthis remark- the following diagram.
aNegroupeinthe.WNW.

Mars moires about twenty degrees ^ ^^ ^U^r
Airing thb month. On the seven-* '
teeoth, he is about two degrees from
Satora ; and, on the twenty-eighth,
1^ be in gi^centric conjunction
*itb the planet lierschel, or Uranus,
tbe fonner appearing thirty-one mi*
notes mdre to the south, lliejr may
be seen to advantage with a tdescope
of nioderate J>owers, if the weather
be favourable. Having thus disco-
vered Uranus, we may easily m:irk
bis progress in fiiture, as he will not
iQove a degree and a half during the
wjwie month : he will be seen when
approaching 9 point above the first of Hie figures on the linf^s shew th9
toe Virgin, and being rather more dist^ce between each star ; the nuv
than four degrees and a half from it. meral figures (as before) shewing the

Saturn will move but two H^ees first, second, &c. star of the constel?
«Jd a half this month 5 towards the latioq. Their piagpitud^s are as foU
ttd of which he will be ^bout seven low— The first is of th^ second mas^r
«wn die first of (he Virgiij. nitude 5 the s^ond, thir^, and fourtn,

jJnpiter will moveWt two degrees, of the third j the fifth and sfxth, of
■nd may be seen to approach to tjie thp fourth ; and the seventh, of the
Kcond of the Scorpion. fifth magnitude. Whenfce it appears.

In tbe b^inuing of the mpnt^, that though this constellation c^ars a
(opie of the most remarjiable objects strong resemblance 'to the Great
^1 be visible in the followdng sitiyi- Bear, each having four stars in the
toiB, at half past nine. body and three in Die tnjl, yet, from

Nearly on the picridian, abopt the magnitudes of tlie stars, it does
^Tcl legreef from the zeiiiih, tpe not apj:ear niear so brilliant. Wheiv

n 2 c^ the

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so Jntwm to ike Hisim€qlandPkUo$»phkal QKesfrnm.

the e^aing ia dear^ it ma^ be readily gibbet a prey to the birds of the aor.
distin^shed. The Fbenicians guia- So true rs it^ that— "Hie crucempre*
ed their navfcations br this constella- tium sceleris tiilit hie diadeina/*
tion, for wakh reason it wad called To those who are pleased with the
Phenice, or the Phenician constella- detiuJs of glory, arisiog from €08^^
tion. It was also oalled Cynosura, qnests, the period now before us

S' the Greeks, because, according to would present sufficient details of hor-
em, it was one of the dogs belons;* ror ana bloodshed, if happily or un-
ing to the huntress Callisto, or the happily the registers of those timet
Qre&t Bear. The nearness of the had been preserved with sufficient
pole»star to the north pole, is a cir- care -, but the actions of the coin
icumstaoce very useful apd opportune queror, and the sufiferings of the con
in navigation, &c, for determining quered, are most of them sunk in
'with precision the meridian line, the oblivion, and the oppressor and the
iHevatxoh of the pole, and conse- oppressed have mingled together their
quentiy the latitude^ &c* ashes in the silent tomb, awaiting

T. B. that day, when abetter estimate wiQ

WbwUloclt Strtet. be fbrmed of their former condition,'

*— ^^ The life of Cyrus is interwoven with

ANSWERS TO THE uisTORiCAjc, 4NP. the chief occufTcnces of the eastmi

PHILOSOPHICAL auBSTioKS. ' world, and the few remains of his*

Continued from page 525. tory relate the conquests of Nebo-

gUEST, L What are the prin- chadnezzar, and the glory in 'his
occurrences betw^n the year reign of the Chaldean empire.—
^nwhtchSoloQwasArdvonof Atnens Greece calls our attentbn, and the
ahd the taking pf Babylon ? revival of the^ Isthmian games

. We have already recommended to forms a date in Itshistory of import-
oiir readers, the Cyropaedia, written ance. £gypt» after the defeat of
byXenophop, which shews in what Apries or Pharaoh-Hophra, and
manner # prince is tpbe formed, and the ascent of Ama^s to me throne^
the i^aanner in which the best writer saw in the latter a wise legislator,
of ($Faepe, and one of its best gene- who deserved the ' pame of their
rals, supposed that Cirrus was trained fifth lawgiver, and tli^ visits to his
thft disposition aaid character court of the wisest men of Greece,
wi^ifih havie p}a£;ed ni^ «> high in the Pisistratus, at Athens, obtains a gnard
list of &me, iapd in th« splendour of for his pcrsoUj and easily overturn^*
his victories, aipd proofs ojpniswisdopi ing the wise system (^ Solon, be<^
iand TOneix)sitr, (Iimiaishfdt|)ehipn:or eomes its tyrant i ^nd Inales.dies al
whLdi a weD informed ^nd must t^iegreat^e of ninety years,
^eel at the misery prodi|ced by so Tne Ismmian gan;es were first
degraded a beii^g as a cociqueror.?*^ instituted by Theseus in honour of
In what iifdeed does the difierepce Neptune, and were i^v^yed in the
between faim a^d a robbe? exist f year before Christ 5S2 i the victors
path seek their own inunetiiate ad- at them were crpwped with pine
vantage : the one forms proji^cts for leaves. Amasis gave his new code
plunoering his weaker neighbours; of laws to Egypt in the year befgre
|h^ other lays plaQs for taknti^ the Christ 566; he added also Cyprus to
purses of the travdlers ipvith4m his his donainions. Pisistratus destroyed
ledcb. But mankiAd has not y]^*t got the Jiberty of Athens in the year pe^
over the M\y of attributing gu^ tp fore Chnst 560, ^ year remarkable
conquest : ai^d a knpck-fne-dowi^ fd- for the instijtutipn of the Census at
low, with a crow^ on his head, ^md Borne, by Servius Tullius, who orr
a pacjc of vagabonds at his heels, is derM it tQ be taken eveir 0ve years i
mxtcjied to the skies, for hpming ci- and :fi-om this aera the. Romans com-r
tM9, laying waste territories, taifi puted their lustra. I^ this year, also,
mordeiTng fK>me millions of human Thespis intro4Hced bis plays at
bangs : whilst the equaljv noble^ Atii ens, the performers wearing
piinaed bighwayn^n, who nas taken nmi ks, and actip^ ppon moveable
iOnly a fe\y purses, and murdered a stages, lliis aetmg of plays waa
fmgle individual, is an oiyect of con- en»rely against the consent and ap?
tpmpt, and l^ls carc^ k^pi^espn a prof atiop of Sq}piu w^o wis^ U>,

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49^1^'-^^ ^JvA^inmlpni Pkilimphifiol t^uuAm^ H,

love drmed the Atbemaiis to a of vice cannot be too mnch repro-
ttgber duracter than they attained bated for its mean and unworthy en-
bf producing the best play writeM of deavoiirs to deprive the lower classes.
aof coontiy^ and whidi engendered of the people ol tlielr iunoceutamme-
sodi a love of theatrical aifiusements^ ments. We are runnuig, it is to be.
as totally enenated the people, and feared, in this countty, to a veij
to the end was the rain of the re- danjgerous extreme. lhei% isagreit
pnhlic. It is remarkable^ that the difference between the encourage-'
a«ne aversion to the stage was felt ment of boxing^ and the conniving
Ki^ the wise governors of Geneva, at some popular sports, which may.
awi that small state> having now ad- occasionally be attended witli \m^
initted within its walls the represen- gularity : but a dance or a running.
latioBS of the stRge of popish altars, match is in the eye of ^naticism «;
will cease probably to produce men most terrible sin, unless the former
of distioctioiL Thales died in tlie takes place beyond the midnight.
rar before Christ 547* He was the hour in tlie houses of fashion ; oraa
bad of the philosophers of the ass-race at four in the morning is
Ionian schod, and his death is now countenanced by men of wealth 2aiA
mentioned, merely to connect the distinction.

histoij of philosophy with that of How difficult it is either to ao
more genera events. From this time auire or preserve libertv i Solon had
the hi&oij of philosophy becomes of aone sreat things for his country j— «
importance, and we shall make it at yd, wnere liberty is^ factions wnl in-*
a ratore period a subject of more trude, and good men, from the dread
yarticolar auention. of the latter, are too often 'found t»

Que$t. II. To what reflections do deseit the cause of the former. The
the above occurrences give rise ? laws of Solon were held in the high-

The Isthmian games were per- est estimation ; but means remained
i^irmed in the midst of a great con* to the wealthy noble, by an afiec* .
coarse of people from all parts of tation of popularity^ to secure tho>'
Oreece, and tne adjacent countries, lower class to his side, and thus l»
Tb excel in driving a chariot, riding a make himself master of the whole,
taoe, boxing, leaping, running* pitch- Fisistratus followed the usual plan of
ing the bar, wrestling, and the like such traitors. He wheedled the
^exercises, was esteemed a very high lower people, and by .this roeans^
attainment : the victor had several under the pretence of an injury r»*
pivilege^, vtnd his return to his na- ceived, obtained a military^ goard, and
ttve town was celebrated like that of formed a standing army in his own
a hero, who was supposed to liave defence, and to the offence of the^
jperformed some signal service to people. The natural conseauenco
ifiankind. These exercises are sunk followed : he became insteaa of a
now, too much perhaps, below their citizen a tyrant -, ar^d the virtuous
real vahie; thoi^ we cannot wish Solon, detesting his falsehood, ab-
to see boxing elevated into the rank jured his country, rather than liv»-
i£ polite accomplishments, or the under such tyranny* The Athenians
son^ of &shion, who turns a corner merited the disgrace and the oppres-
4roidy in his phaeton and four, to sibn they experienced : for, when ,
be e&teemed moi-e highly than an the people tlirow away their arms,
equally expert stage coachman. The and trust their dtrfence toothers, they
Istfanuan games did not produce pro- merit and can expect nothing else
tnbly such good races as are' now but to, be subjected to a foreign foe ;
osoal at every meeting at Newmar- or, what is perhaps as bed. to lie at
Jtet, and to which we may not err the mercy or a few of. their own fel-
in ascribing the ex/cellence of our low-citizens.
English horses. Man is composed The introduction of the moveable
0f both bocfy and mind, and tliere theatre at Athens, and the disap-
tit esercises suitable to the improve- probation of staze performances, exr
IBcn^ of each : to lay ja stress upon pressed by Solon, naturally excite
eitber« to the exclusion of the otfier, our enquiry into tiiepropriety X3f such
betrays a narrow and weak jiidgmeot, amuseme];its. Much has bees said
IQd Ihe foq^tj for tlu^ suppre^siqa aod ^Tittm Ofk this ^ubpect^ bujt petr

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W Jointers to the Htfiancaland PhUosopldeal Questions,

feips the tendency of them canhot be conduct of many Christians, who prO'
better i*xdmplified than in the states fess tlieir veneration for the character
iff Athens and Geneva; the one of tlicir Saviour and his disciples,- yet
being absolutely mined by them, the attach so much importance to th/s
other producing more men of genius station which a man fills, and hot hi«
and taste than anv other tovli in charac^ter in life. How many ^A^ho
modern £uro[)e at the same period of listen to th« precepts of the fishermen
time, and yet excluding entirely such and their head, treat with the utnaost
amusements irom its terntones. Whe- disdain persons in similar situations in
rher they are i)roper or improper, no Kfe : and if a teacher should now be
one can doubt the impropnety of honourably gaining his bread by his
them in the manner in which they o\n\ labour, durmg tlie days appro-
are cohducted in the London theatres, priated to work, andteachiu^ without
Tlie licentiousness that prex-ails in the 'tee or reward on the day appropriated,
lobby of tlie theatres is a disgrace to to that purpose, be is treafcd with
the inetro|Xi]is ! this might be easily contempt, in comparison of him whQ
slopped, so that a modest fiimilj passes his six days in idleness, and
c6uk1 go to and from and sit in their moves in great pomp and with high
box, without fear of molestetion from ideas of his own rank and dignity, to
iiis6lence and intemperance. the seventh day's exercises ot re-

The institution of the census at ligion.
Some will fix our attention, because Quest. III. What arc the principal
h is connected with an event erf" occurrences betweep the j)eace of
which the founder could have no Ryswick and the union with Scot-
notion, and which is remarkable in laud? ,

the history of prophecy. The census After the peace of Ryswick, WU-
wis preserved in full vigour for many liam maybe said to have been securely
centories at Rome, ana^ as the do- placed on his throne, and tlie internal
nnnionsof this state increased, it was weliare of his new kingdom ^ouJ<J.
occasionally introduced mto the re- naturally excite his attention. He
note provinces, in the reign of Au- had lived however in *the midst of
raistus, a censm or registermg of all arms, and tlie bustle of a soldier's life
tneir inhabitants took place in Syria, had more attraction for him than the
This was performed under a decree charms of repose : the sound of can-
from Augustus, while C^renius was non was more agreeable to his feel-
the governor of Syria; and in con- ings than the bickerings of parliament.
lequence of this decree, Palestine was But whatever respect we may enter-
annject to the census. The order tain for his memory, we must applaud
was, that every one should go to his the jealousy of our ancestors, which
own city to be enrolled j and Joseph, kept them alive to every effort to in-
the husband of Mary, being of the troduce or support arbitrar)' power ;
raba of David, was of course under and the first occurrence of importance,
the neoessity of leaving Kazareth, a in the peiSod now before us, is the
poor town in Galilee, the|)lace of his opposition they made to tlie king's
rendence, to 150 to 3^hJehem, the desire of retaining his Dutch guaros, .
place of his family. A multitude of and keepinR a standing army. What
parsons came, fn oonsetjuence of the -a melancholy contrast does the con*
order, at the same time to the town ; dnct of their posterity now prejtent
and in so little estimation was the for the notice of the fiiture historian I
nacKher of tie Saviour of the world. But if we do not imitate our ancestors
that she gave him to the world in the in the praiseworthy part of their con^
outhouse of an inn. Thus, owing to duct, in that which is highly repre*
the institution of the census, was ac- hensible there are sonve amonj^ us
complished the prophecy^, tliat the determined not to be behind them.
Chnst should be com at Bethlehem, Discontent at vice, and its itupposed
in Judea ; and the miserable Jews, prevalence, may lead to good, if the
when he made his public appearance, zeal is directed by prudence ; but this
were determined that he should not zeal is too often mixed with a love of
be the Christ, because he was a Oa- distinction and the pride of jxwer. To
lilean. Asgreat an instanf.'e however make e^-ery body walk in a certain,
•f hupian .m\y is appaipnt ifi t^^ line w9s t)ie object of a apciety, which



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