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nndcr his Mm. PUte VIL AH is to
oe executed in one motion, with such
celerity, as you may hit your adversary
ao instant l>etbn: your foot strikes the
ground, which is to resound wiih every
•troke.

, •* There arc only two p)od cnts, the
cut vertically downwards in quarte, and
that hurlea vertically downwards in
tierce, neither of which have been no-
ticed by the French, nor by their dis-
iciples in this counuv. /

*' In cutting, the liand is to be in the
most natural position, between supina-
tion and pronation ; but it is to be rolled
into complete supination when you are
to end your cut m a thrust.
. " Make the vertical cut in qaarte
thus : Raise your point verticail}^, and
opj>06e your identical fort (which is the
fMMut of your sword in contact with his
^hell) to the very extremity of his sword ;
contract your arm : having thus secured
his JbM, strike in the vertical cut on
the quarte, or inside of your adversary,
Tenuinate this cut in a thrust, and re-
cover, using your round parade of quarte
with all celerity. Plattj VII.

** The terms yort and^ciiWr are relative,
and used to mark out the different forces
of the diRerent parts of the hand weapon.
That part of tne weapon held by the
hand is tiie fort. The powers of the
other parts of the instrument vary in
the following proportion. Tlicy are in
the reciprocal proportion of their dis-
tmce from the tort. .That is, the
|K>wer of any point decreases as its dis-
tauce from the fort increasev, and vice
vcTia. The reason of which depending
on the i>owers of the lever,' is detailed in
the Appendix. Tlie extreme point of
the weapon is more weak than any
point between the extremity and the
Jan. llie very fort itself of the instru-
ment is the foible, in regard to the
power of the elbow, &c.

"' The guard, cut, and thrust o{ tune
arc fonned by turning the fore-arm,
wrist, and haiKi into pronation. The
deliverv'of the cut and thrust, in tierce,
is similar in principle to that of quarte,
in the just aoplication of the Jbrt. The
formation of the extension and of the
allonge are the same in ^11 thrusts; but
your opposition, in tierce and quarte
over the arm, is to your ripht. Fed
your adversary's blade constantfy, but do
not press it ; for you will l)e exposed to
his. time thru$t if you relinquish the
point of contact. Therefore^ in disen-



gaging frtjm quarte lo ticroe, *'mo^
your point closely, within a Aair*s bnadik
of his blade, and s6 quipkly, that your
change shall be imperceptilSlc, rctathing
your iiand in supination, as it was be^
fore : for if you roll your hand into pro-
nation, as you change your point, vour
motion will be wide. Roll your {land
into pronation, as you project the thrust
along his blade, in the point imdenttd m
it, as it were in a mck to direct your
course. Oppose your hand high, and
over his bkde to your right direct your
point into the cavity under his arm. His
effort to parry this thrust (if you have
seized his JiibU) by his parade in tierce,
will materially serv'e you, as it will sertt
as a fulcrum assisting ¥0ur thrusf, unless
your sword whips or nends.**

Then follow his strictures oo tbt
weakness of cuts, thrusts, and giiards
of primcj seconder and auinte, and the
absurd guards derived from them*
termed protects) inside and ouiside keif
/tangerst &'c* all A^hich are used by
the cavalry.

Instead of the guards ot quarte and
tierce, >vhich would, as he thinks, bo
too wide for the use of troops in close
order, he reconamends two ether
guards, which are more safe and ef-
!.ectual, for the reasons he assign?}.

** Although the guards of quarte and
tierce, and their combinations arc suffi-
cient for io^Wko/ defence, and althou^
the general adoption of these guarat
would ev^tually tend to the destruction
of the enemy, not similarly disciplined,
yet if that moment should nnhapjiHly
arrive (which may God avert) when the
enemy would apply the science of de-
fence to the bavoiiet, in such eveAt the
parades of quarte and tierce woukl not
answer the purpose of defence as ef-
fectually as the guards, which are liem
termed the pohue-volantt in quarte, and
the pdnSe-volante in tierce. Plate VIII.
For the parades of quarte and tierce an
too wide to l^ usied with safety bf
troops in close order. For this reason,
the writer took the liberty of devbung
from the practice established in tlie
schools, by introdocipg the pointe-vo-
lante, instead of quarte and tierce."

" From all the experiments he M
been ortlered to make with the nien,
whom he arranged in an order macb
closer than any existing, it appears diat
no man was ever hurt in the ranks by
the wide guard of his comrade standing
on the ri^t or left. The paiade of tht

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



On the Science n^ Defence for the Sward ond Bayonets



ts$



)>iodttoe8 this ciesirable ef-



Secoadly,^ it is more quickly and
easily executed.

**'TliirdIy, it gives more facility in
opposing the fort, and withdrawing the
iiMble, m which conustr the very es-
KQce of the science.

** Fourthly, because the return from
this attitude is irresistible, it is impelle<l
wrdcally, by the united force of the
Quscles ; and this impulse is aided by
the accelerating force of gravity in the
]ierpendicu]ar direction: whereas, the
YQivtx of gravity in favour of quarte and
Uate acts feebly* because diajzonally, on
VI bclined plane. And lastly, becau:.^
Vfi parade or ^uarU and tierce, nor com-
Uniauon of them, can parry the return
£om the pmte-^va/ante, Nothine but
tfie parade of die poinU'Volante itself can
effect it."

Tbe fifth section details his method
of making compound thrusts, cuts^
lod TOards, disarming and timing,

"Notwithstanding the danger gene-
lallv resulting from the use of all cuts,
spa compound thrusts, and more par-
tipttlarly from any combination of the
l^s'of ^rime, ucotuU^ &c. yet the
complex guards, tertned the round pa-
ladcs of quarte and tierce, and of the naif
<ink, canpol be sufiiciendy practised.
Thex guards counteract, and confound
tbe projects of the adversary. The rounci
pvaiie of quarte, circled, twice round
with celerity, and combined with the
^fcirclft annexed, or the rapid rotation
twioe or thrice of the half-chde, with
tl)e round parade immediately annexed,
Qciaycomoiaation of the round parades
of (^uarte and tierce, terminated bv sim-

£ quarte and tierce, form a shield suf-
tQi to guard off sdl cuts and thrusts
whatsoever."

Unabk to describe these parades
without the aid of plates, we must
fefer our readers to the Treatise. He
P^Escribes rules for disarming in six
>jstances. * But attempt none of
^cse modes of disanning, before you
^l yourself completely de&trous in
fte preceding parts.*

"(X the time thrust

** Timina is the summit and the very

•*« »tagc of the science, and not to be

, «tteiDptod except by the ablest swords-

'^^ It consists in the anticipation of

TOttf advers^, by mcAiiif that pomt of

, ^o>£ which is the most favourable and

Hi« for ym to make a thrust. The

^'vutt delivered ^t this aritieal monnent



is called the time thrust, ahd is of fouf
kin4».

"The 1st is the time thrust which
you deliver on bis iirst movement
to' assault you, when you are both en^
gaged withm the proper measure. " As
suppose he raises his point or feigns, in
eitner case dart in a simple thmsc, op-
posing your fort either in quarte or tierce,
as the case may require, and ybu will
probably anticipate him, it being above
2 : : 1 in your favour, if you nick the
time. >

** 2d. The time of the arrest is de-
cisive, when properly .executed. Be
careful to take your station on guard at
least twenty- four inches beyond the ex-
tent of his allonge; at this' distance ne
cannot reach you, he mgst therefore a( «
vunce one step. He means, suppost^
to engage your blade in tierce : do n(>t
meet or touch his blade with yours, but
nick the time of his 6rst movement, ai.d
anticipate him by your well -delivered
quarte. Recover quickly, and spring
back to your former ground^ or rather
24 inches farther back. Use yorr
round parade of either quarte or tierce'
as you are recovering. Repeat the thrust
if you can seize an opportuiiity, as it
will be safer for yop to act in this man-,
ner, than to risk a contest with him in
close action. For you give the time
thrust gratis, unless, he is pre-eminent
in the art.

"3d. Should he, standing cmt of
measure as before, advance to join vour
blade in quarte, do not su&r your Bhtde
to be touched : ^eize the time of his ad-
vance, and send home a quarte over the
arm. Spring back to your guard as be-
fore ; you may throw m a quarte under
his arm as you Teco\"er.

" 4th. Countertiming. If your
antagonist should decline to advance, in
the cxpectatioii of timing you as jtou
advance, you. may counterttn^e him in
this manner: *' Advance in tierce, to
excite him to deliver his rime thrust in
quarte : as you are advancing, whirl up
your hand forcibly into the half-circle,
with yoiir point duected in the line, and
you will parry and countertime him at
the instant be delivers his dirust.*'
Again, he will not advance, but stands
^uard^ in tierce to allure }X)u to enga^^e
in quarte, that he may rime you uiih
his quarte over. As you advance from
the pointe-volante in tierce, and his
foible will be precisely applied to your
fort, from this posiuon nurl down a
veictical cut, end your cut im a thrust' *



140



Jmets Greek Grdmmkr»



along hit blade over hi9 ann. If yon
•ucceed in this stroke, as you must if
you do your doty, you may continue to
pcur in thrust after thrust incessantly,
tuuil he submit. But you will carry in
mind the memento of Virgil as parucu-
' larly applicable to your art.

*• (Hae tibi ernnt artes) paclsque

jmponere morem ; '
Parccrc dnbjoctis, ct debellare su-

[.erbos."

*« To tame the proud, the fettered ^

slave to free ;
These are imperial arts and worthy

thee."

DRTDEJT.

•• If, however, your antagonist hath
tf^covered and parried your assault by the
pointe-volante, (the onlv parade ade-
quate to the purpose) tne absault inay'
be continued. In this case, your best
geiTcral rule is to use your round parades,
and the pointe-volante. Hesitate not to
excite him to cut at your lower extre-
mities. For example, if he cuts low at
your thigh, withdraw it a little ; seize
this critical moment, and cut \-ertica]ly
through his face ; terminate this cut m
t thrust, iu conformity to the practice
^ the Romans.*'

(To be amduded in tnr next.)

•^j* We propose in our next intro-
ducing some Goservations on a extem-
porary Reviewer of this Work.

Arr. VII. A Grarnmar of the Greek
' Tons[ue on a new and improved ptmt,
hvjnhn Jones, Member of the Phi-'
hi meal Society at Mancnester.
TH£ language of that reno\^iied
aiid-far-fained people, the ancient
Greeks, holds a nien and distinguish-
ed rank in the soak of a learnt and
liberal education. Nor ought this
circumstance to. excite our astonish-
ment: there is something in their in-
tellect, manners, customs, and of
course, language, eminently subser-
vient to mentalimprovement.

We have several grammars of the
Creek tongue in use amongst ns, but
without meaning to depreciate the
labours of others, we cannot refrain
irom observing, that the present is
entitled to our peculiar approbation,
for its accuracy, copiousness, and sim-
plicity. Great pains have been taken
to arrange its vaiious parts, and to
render them intelligible to the learn-
er -■ the nouns, adjectives, and pro*



nouns, are clashed toother, sdai49
make them plain in all meir variatioRS,
even to the meanest capacity. Rft
the author has more especially dis-
played his skill in the investigation of
tlie verb, which, it is well known bf
all lovers of Greek learnine, has ever
been a subject of no small diiHctilty.
He has traced them to their origin-
pursued them in all their windings-
unfolded their intricacies, and stated
their moods and tenses with a clear-
ness which cannot be misunderstood.
With th«^ syntax also, we have been
much pleased : where it diflers front
the Latin, the peculiarity is not only
pointed out, but satisfactorily explain^
ed. Indeed the author has, it is evi-
dent, thoroughly studied his subject,
and will contribute by means of this,
his truly excellent grammar, to the
easier attainment of the Greek lan-
guage. Hitherto we have had oo
elementary productions which have
united classical discrin^ation with
philosophical investijgation. Tbcstudr
of language is closed connected witn
the study of the human mind ; rhe-
toric and logic are nearly allied to
each other j ne, therefore, who cul-
ti^Tites them together, has the douHd
advantage of invigorating his intellec-
tual principle, and of improving that
w^onderful medium with whicnthc
Almightv hath endowed us, o( im-.
parting the treasures of knowlec^ to
mankind.

AnT, yill. A'Short Treatise tmsetft'
ral Improvements recently made «
HothouseSfby which from faur-fflks
to nvne-tivths of the fuel commonly
used will be saved ; time, labour and
risk greatiii lessened ; and several
other advantages produced. And
which are nppficahle to hoi-hooses^
already erected, or to the constrvC"
tion 0/ new hftt-houses— illustrated
by nine large copper plates.- ByL
Lottdon. Eilinbttrgh, Constable arid
Co. and Longman and Co. London*
bvo, Twelue Shillings, Boards.
AS the intentions with which this
treatise has been produced, are amply
detailed in the title, it is given at
length.

Every attempt to extend the utility,
or improve the prmciples of an inven-
tion that is necessary to the conve-
nience' of any > class in societj^ i*
h^bly oomniendable* Theiascluinea
91 hothouses i^-practically dctuQU'^

Digitize!. by Vj



LouHorCs Tfeailse on tfoi-housei, M I,

ctrated by their produce, and tbe great little incoDVenieaoei be obtained at:
encrease of their number, in every any required degree.
cottDty^o the united kingdom. With- ** The inner roofing (of th^ Hot-
out tiie assistance of art, a coiib^der- house, is simply a collection of curtains
able variety of elegant flowers and of coarse woollen cloth, which Kte niade
shrubs would never adorn our gar- so as to slide down upon wi<^, six os
deos; nuoierous tiibes incapable of eight inches witliin the glass. The
culture in the atmosphere of this use of tliis inner roofing is to prevent
country, would be lost to the admirar the warm air of the house from coming
tioo of the many lovers of botanical in con^ct with the gUss-M-an object
science, who cannot seek the objects by this means completely efiecied. The
of dieir pui'suit in foreign climates ; advantages which will result from the
and our deserts would be without roofing, will be understood by evciy
some oftheir choicest delicacies. We one, when a well known fact is ad-
sbouldsigb ui vain for many valuable . duccd, viz. that heat passes more ra-
plauts^ whose beautiful variety of pidly through glass than through any
tt^ts, spiendofur of colour, and aKrce- other niateriai. And that, on ^he con-
able fragi-ance^ enrich our horticultm*al trary, through wool or stagnated air
collections] and we should be unable more slowly than through any other
to produce some of the most delicious body. The time of using it in stoves
iniits upon our tables, that now ripen and pineries is during the winter and
Jjeneath our cultivation. In propor- spring montlis, and in vineties and
tion, therefore, as tlie views of Mr. ]xach -houses during the forcing sea*
Loudon are directed to the more eas^ son."

attainment of objects so desirable^ his The reasons for the admission of
vork is entitled to liberal attention, air into hot-houses are mentioned.

The improvements recoiumended in and thence is argued the necessity of
t)uB treatise, are chiefly in the internal diftereut modes being adopted for ob-
stnictiu:e pf the hot-house. An im- taining it: *' the most economical
proved furnace and fiiel chamber, and simple mode of doing this that
laving valves to the doors of each, occurs to the" author, is by using aa
|br the partial emission of heat, are air pump or bellows^ the form and
winfttely described > as b a flue, di- construction of which" is tlie subject
rected uito compartments, each of of a section. Thij> improvement, how*
which will be conapleteiy fllled with ever, is principally intended for piner
saioke and heat, before, any c& All ries, anclsucii plant stoves as are heat*,
the next. Other particulars am added, ed by making fires during the whole
>irhk:hexc€«d these limits to enunie- winter beason.
rate, and for which reference shouJd A ventilator to put the heated air of
be had to the work itself. The au- the house in motion, so as to produce
thor seems confident, that if a hot- a breeze of warm air at pleasure, U,
house be altered or constructed upon the next object of Mr. Loudon's in-'
the plan he recomniends, that,, how- vention and recommendation. The
ever extensive may be its dimensions, expences attendant on the principal
JDore than one fire will in no case improvements, in old houses are .said
whatever be ueceosary. to be moderate, and the cost of con-

The principal advantages derivable structing new hot-houses witli these
irom the prece^ng instructions are improvements is from e^ht to ten
stated to be, a clear and regular fire, a per cent, more than when built in th$
coaceutratioq in the flue ot the whole common way. The author also sug-
teat generated, and a rarefaction of gests the practicability of heating
the air entering eijher by the valves hot-houses witliout flues, and also de*
k the doors, or \by an aperture pur- scribes a roethod of heating them by
posdy left round' the mouih of the steajm-

nirnace when constructed. The due Descriptions are given of a stove,^
jaoagementofthefoel, of the valves &c. for growing pine apples — an im-'
in th^ dooT^j of the doors themselves, proved pit for growing young pines,
ahdofthedampers in the flues, regu- raising melons, &c. and an improved
fates the heat, which msLV be eiper ^ach-house -, and some observations
«fta«ased or dinainishea- hy those on architectural decorations in boT*
9eaas^ and may at aU tS^oes^ with' hotues» end reflections on^he objeetl

• Vol. IV, ' li 'Digitized by dOO>



i4i



lUec^i t>0mesiic Me&dne.



proposed, eondtide the vork. l^e
plates are oot the least Valuable part
of the treatise j the designs b^ve the
•dvanta^ of perapicuky, and the ^Jr
planations or the separate figures are
numerous and satis&ctory. Models
in wood, of the iroprovements, have
been made by Mr. Loudon, and are
described for the use of those persons
who choose to inspect them at the
places mentioned by him in London
and Edinburgh.

It appears that Mr. Loudon has
dra^Ti up this treatise for the satisfac-
tion of several eentlemen^ and tiiat it
is merely introductory to a work on a
larger scale, that at no distant day will
be given to the public. He apologises
for several raarfes of haste andiiiatten-
tion that are very observable 5 but as
his style is bv no means calculated to
meet the pu'blic eye, it will be ad*
visable for nim to submit his future
labours, before they are published, to
the correcton of a literaiT associate.
The printer of tliis work nas been in-
attentive to his department, and to
him there can be allowed no excuse,
that would not in this instance divulge
either his ignorance or his neelect of
his* duty to the author.

The limits aftorded to the remarks
on Mr. Loudon*s treatise are more
than, perhaps, our department can
. well ^re, and would not have been
extended to a work tliat had not much
daim on the public attention. The
principles on wnich his improvements
are founded, appear to be acairate,
and we shall be happy to notice an
enlarged work, on tlie same subject,
by the same author, with equal ap-
probation. H«

Art. IX. The Domestic Medical
Guide; in two parts. Parti. The
Family D'lspensaiory ; or a complete
Companion to the Family Meakine
Chest, Wc. Part IL The Modern

. Domesfu: Met&cine : comprehending
the most apf:rovcd methods of treats
ing and obviating the different dis-
eases that assail the human frame ,*
U^ith the most important information

' relative tp the cure of those chronic
diseases which have hem gcncraliy
considered incur ah le . Thira edition ,
consideralkf enlarged and corrected,

' By Richard Reece, M. D. Fellow
qf the R^at College of Sargeons m



London. Longmafk, Huut^ Re^
. end Orme.

. IT has long been a looot point
witli the phyfosophical among the
writers on diseases and their reme^
dies, whether most mischief or good
be done by familiarizing mankind to
medicine and its administvation in
every illness, however latent the caose
may be. The perfectioaing the arts is
not unattended by its evils : it has ea->
tered into our very kitchens, and
thereby the refinements of the taUe
have swelled our nosological list, in
almost the same proportioD dn a ch^
mical nomenclature.

It cannot be a doubt, however, that
if we must have recourse to medicines
on every occasion, we ought to be par-
ticular m obtaining tli^m in tlmr pu«
rity, and in ascertaining their usual
effects. There are many occasions
whore a succedaneum for an apothe-
cary's shop is a very us^lil and desir-
able thing ; as such, a medicine chest
claims our notice, ttnd, becomes an
^object of main considm^tion in the
work before us* ^ In case* of 6udd«nt
attack, where the malady and its pri«
mary cause are obvious to evei^ oim
in the slightest degree acxjuainted
with physic, such a resource miiit
^ififord great 8ati8fiM:tioD, and often be
the cause of abridging the duration 0^
pain, and sometimes of saving life.
In the country too, at a distance from
physician and apothecary^ soch a little
depot as a £miily -medicine dbest, may
direct the sufferer to a safe remedy,
or enable the professor himself ton^
scribe one, without the delay or re-
turning or sending for it to his owo
house: and certainly as -far asmedi*
cines may be affirmed requisite in any
particular case, so fiy is it advisable
to obtain them in as short a time a^
possible after th^ are prescribed, lest
the very nature of the indisposidoi^
may become changed, as it were, end
render the same prescription less ex-*
pedient and proper.

The Family Dtspensatory ^Huctt
accompanies the ^Seoicine Cnest, and
forms the first part of tliis kind of
vade mecum, despribes the p-opertiM
of the medicines oontstmed m it* ^
points out their doses with propriety
and accuracy.

The second part of this tract, nnde^
the head of Modem Do»e6tie Med»-

Digitized by LjOOQ IC



Am, '^doenU 6ii 'mminf ,, aiid th6 etkbifty, in his w\tMW vxaounation
treatment of children, where some of into the profMtties, &c. of cbmmoh

tile barbarous customs of old ntirs^s water/ delected not only a portion of

md old women, with regard to tho lead, (from the use of leadun cbtsms*

fnamigement Of in£mts iiewly bom> pumps and pipes) but also a mineral

areiaadablv exploded. " The fbed- salt, whkh he asserts to be soextremeljf

ingofcbilaren (he says) is of greater pr^udicial to the human iikme, as to

importahce'than their clothihs;. Great oe tbe cause of those chronic diseases

care should be taken that their food Which so often bai&e thi medical art.

bt whoJesotne and good, and in such From this eouviction> the learned Doctor

^piantity only as the body require^for conftoed his pacieftis, afflicted with such

to sopport and growth. In the bu^* diseajies, to the use of water divested

Aess of ntirstnf , as in physic^ we ofthese obnoxious combinations by the

iboald endeavour to follow nature. prooes»* of disttilation ; and it appeura

Wbeh a child is born> it is iuH of that in several instances, some of which

Mood dnd excrement ; its appetite are cancerous, his siip(^pehensibn» have

and senses awake^ and requires then been happily confinned. i have had

Vbme intermediate time of absti- an opportunity of witnessing die salu-*

Denoe and rest, to compose and re- tary eAects of nis treatment in two very

cover the pressure and struggles of obstinate cases with the Doctor, and

the birth, &:c.** have since much employed it with th«

In the course of this work, theau- most flattering success, which, I shall

Ihor, among the other afflicting dis- notice under the heads of the different

eases of ths human body, bestdws a diseases, in the cure of which his likelj^

pmportionable share of reasoOin^ on to prove serviceable."
that most afBicting one cancer, wliere Now, though we are notof the opi-



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 43 of 108)