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to those ot the human blocd ; out of
the vessels, their diameter appears double*

There often appear air-bubbles in tbs
human blood, as well as iu that of
animals; thevyare perfectly sphericai|
unequal, motionless, having an areola^
or small circumscribed circle. To guanl
against illusion, with respect to these
bubbles, let some bits of spittle be put
under the microscope, which are fall of
bubbles ; it appears to me that many ob-
servators have confounded them with
globules of blood, andcyenFoDtanahim^
self, in his txeatibc on the poison of the
viper. I am unable to account for the
ongin of these air bubbles in the blood;
theyare amalgamated with the broni^i-
cal mucosity in tlie lungs, by respiia*
tion: Spallansumi saw some in the vessels.

Let me remark here, (what we should
always keep in view) that so lone as the
microscope augments and mciki^ies tho
diameters of objects, ii^the sam^.degcea
it multiplies their inter\ als and their \'e-
locity. The torrent pf the oKCulatioK
appears rapi^d ; but thi^ m^vemeut 'i<
augmemcci 3 or 400 times by th« microt-*
cope, and it w ould be iiQperceptible to
the eye, were we able to follow and
perceive it, such as it is, . without aug-
mentation ;, it is the same with respect
to the position 6f objects, the direction;
of the bloutl, antl other n>9vemen<s, .

The foilowiug is the author's concilia-
si on : Comformably to the obsei valioni
and experiments above indicated, itiap-
pcars, 1 . That the globules of the bipod,
in depositing themselves by couches or
layers, witli the gelatine»form ^e fibrine
ot the blood. 2. That the globulescan*
not penetrate into the muscular fibrci,
because they are solid, and Jiecause tto
diameter of these fibres exceeds tbe di-
ameter of the globiiles, onjy once or
tv\ice. As to the red vermilion colour
of the niuscles, it is owing to the gl<>^
ulfis t ^ater takes it from them ; and
thi$ i% m additional, proof of it, tbatdw



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249



SoWes do not f>enetrate the fibres. 3 . cation^ and of anlmalwatioQ, takes place^

is TeiT probable that water* >n dissolv* by the contact of the blood with the or-

iag aod decomposing globules, decom- ^nic fibres, and the atmospherical air

poMs it^If, and suffers the hydrogene to m our skin, in our muscles, and in our

escape by fetid, oily bubbles, Bcc. while lung^. as at the extremities of the

azote takes its place, and identifies itseff branchiae of fish, of (etards, and in tho

vith the organic fibres of animals. And di^tive and alimentay organs of worms,

4. It is very probable that the grand otsnails, shell^fish, sea-nettles, aplizies^

phenomenon oi respiration, of sanguifi- &c.

THE DRAMA.



HAYMARKET-THEATRE.
This theatre re-opened on Thurs-
iaj evening, 5th of September, after
the death of his Royal Highness the
late Duke of Gloucester ; and on Fri-
day the play of ^^ Oats, by O'Keefe,
was acted to a very respectable audience.
\ — EUiiton is an exceAent substitute for
* I^wis, in characters of bustling vivacity
and eccentric whim, and he sustained
the character of Rover with iinabating
spirit : if any £iult was to be found, he
was lather too grave in his more serious
; moinents. There is a dry something
' which lurks under the patnetic even oT
lievis, in this character, which always
keeps us in mind of the jovial honest-
hearted genius -, his seriousness is the
^ Krioasness of a jjentleman, and a man
of feeling ; but it still maintains our
good hamour, and makes us lone, as the
soldier said of the great Marshal Tu-
lenne, to slap the fine fellow on- the
ihoulder.

In. our opinion Matthews excels
Mvnden in the character of Epkraim
SatotA ; the latter humourous comedian
hurts the self-solemnity of the Quaker,
hy potting the muscles of his visage
into tod great action : Matthtews, on
^ contrary, looks sufficiently comic
through his mask of unmoved sanctity,
>nd readers the humour so much the
move striking, as it ia the more dry and
unobtrusive.

Mr. EUiston was complimeated on
Thursday night, 12th of September,
^rith a fuH bumper for hi* benefit ;—
and on Monday, 10th, this theatre
dosed for the season with the benefit
ofMr. Waldron, the prompter. Mr. W,
chose for his benefit .thie tragedy of
^^ias, to be perfonnedi<a4jrif^ fy^oung
«*« ndgemkmai,

* Thert is, Sir, an aiery of children, Iktte
cyasie^ that cry oat on the top of qae$th>tf ,
■ad are most tyrannicaUy clapped for't :—
<li^ are bow the 2su:liM>ik Do the boys
^ it awayj Ay, tUiS lh<y do, my
*^'* SnAXsrsAat.



The youth, of eleven years of age,
who performed Nerval, and the boy
that of Gknaluon, as children, deserve
the highest credit.

Drury-Lanb. — This theatre opened
for the season, on Saturday night, 14th
of September, with the Country Ctrlt
and Toe Irishman in London, Mrs. Jordan
performed, and was received, as usual,
with tha^ glowing welcome, which ia
produced by a recollection of past, and
the hope otfuture delight. She was in
excellent spirits. The house was well
attended with a very respectable au-
dience. The theatre is much enlivened
by the ^h gilding : the whole of the
house before the curtain has a veiy
beautiful efiect. A new drojp-scene,
inclosed in a frame, has been nnished,
which extends from one side wall to the
other of the theatre, at that depth of
stage which is sufficient for the per-
formance of comedies and farces, and
also such pieces as do not depend upon
spectacle. This improvement will make
the stage knuch more comfortable to th6
performen, and reader their voices more
clear and distinct to the audience. Oil
Tuesday the Homn^ Moon was performed
at this theatre. ElUston^s performance
of the Duke is full of simplicity and
force. Miss Duiican was never seen to
more advantage. Mies Mellon ma^-^
also, share the compliment. A Misa
Fisher appeared in ixttSpoilei Child. ^^
She is a clever sprightly littk girl, and
probacy' one of the best of the Roscta
swarm. We do not, however, appvotre
of the oonduct of the Managers m pro-
fessii^ to bring fotward in^iscriininately
boys and gtrb, because the Touttg Ro^mt
has, in one of John Bull*9 infatueUd mc»
menti, succeeded. They should aspiie
to more dignity and independence-t-
they should endeavour to give a tone to
the public taste, and not assist to co»>
r^pt it. The plea, that such exlubV*
tions attmct, is mean and sordid. We
should be extreiBely sorry that JDroi^F*
lane theatte should oe the tot to apct-
K k



250

tatiie from the dignity of thcDfaina,

and, stifling the high spirit of iu former

|>rinciples, adopt the mercenarjr motto

of-—

Rem iacias, Rem— quocamque raodo Rem.

Covent-Gardbn-,— — This theatre
cipened on Monday, the l6th, with the
School for Reform, Lewis, Emery,
MondeD» and Mrs. Litchfield, were
Tcceived with great applause. A Mr.
Bennct, from Bath, appeared to some
advantage in the Padlock. On Wed-
nesday 3ie BUnd Bargain was performed.



Origina! Poetry.



with the farce of 7h Review, Mia
Tyrer made her first appearance at this
theatre, and was extremely well re-
ceived; and on Monday, 23d, Mr.
John Kemble made hrs first appeatance
for the season, and was received widi
the distinction due to the greatest actor
of whom this degenerate age can boast
—He chose the wild part of Octamm
for his ^ntrc, which he supported widt
his usual ability. The other characters
in the play of the Mcmtaiiuen were ex-
tremely well supported, and the piece
went off with eaat.



ORIGINAL AND SELECT POETRY.



THE RETREAT,

Or CoMHtry Pleasures; addrexsedu IV, S, fT.

This tribute to my early friend,
fCoDgcnial to hia views) I send,
Wherein is shewn the peaceful seat
My fancy dioooes for retreat.

SOME di"tanrc — twenty miles from town,
An easy, plea ant journey down,
A hou:.c upon a ri^ing; ground,
"With view extending miles around;
Diver,ifi«d with hill and dale.
And open to the healthful, gale,
pevoid of any noxious damps, .
Arising from unwholesome swamps,
But from the channels of its ^ide,
Tbe waters to unce^sin? glide.
The house, my fancy bid^ mc reck,
I wish not modern, nor antique.
But neat and pleasing in its form,
And built secure against a storm ;
To merit praises from a friend,
Without disclosing hultfi to mend.
On entrance floor, a kitchen neat,
For housewife's use Diadc quite complete ;
A brcwhousc, pantry, and a dairy,
That, stor'd abundant, may not vary i
But hanging round the walU, alluring.
Good bacon flitches of home curing ;
With hams, and tongues, exceeding nice.
To form a dinner in a trice.
The dairy's charms must too prevail,
Where milk is flowing in the pail ;
Fre?h cream, and butter set to view.
And cheese to vie with all in hue.
Next, even with the kitchen door,
A pulour, on the same ground floor.
The view extended o'er a flopc.
Giving imaa:ination scope
.To scenes the distant propects bounds
Where friends in happiness are found.
The parlour, furnish d neat and trim,
Where ease, content, reside within ;
Cheering to friends when they come down
Divested of the cares of town,
•To tell mc news, to frugal dine.
And take a gla>s of home-niade wine.



O, then, what pleasure *tLs to see

With them a spreading family ! •

While o'er the whole a wife presides,

Who> e worth directs and prudence guid«.

To form a pleasing, cooling shade,

StUTounded by the peacefulglade.

Two trees jhall stand bqfore my door.

Thick set with foliage ^ preading o*er.

Impervious to the scorching heat,

Refre hing there to take a seat,

Listening to the mirthful tale.

And quaffing draughts of homc-hrcw*d ak ;

Withinthe virw the vi lagc spire,

Whoic pleasing bells cin never tire,

That chime so merrily and gay

On ev'ry lustic holiday.

When rural sports the swaiBs enjoy,

And ki^ the nymph no longer coy.

Two chambers on the upper floor.

To re^t when daily toil is o*er ;

The one for me, the other spare

To lodge a friend, tho* friends are rare

Two rooms above those chambers, made

For serving^man and servant-maid :

The one for houscwif 'ry, her care ;

The other nature*s gifts to rear.

To tend the garden, mind the field.

And hoard the produce which they yield.

To wait on friends when they come dowa.

Or ride wish messages to town.

A garden, pleasing to the view.

And 8tock*d with flowers of ev'ry hue^

When seasons give each varying bk)om

And gales are wafted with perfume, •

Then clip luxurioa^; shoots away.

And sort them, into bouquets gay.

The garden, a< I turn it o'er,

I'll fill with vegetable store,

Mark the cncrease by genial aid.

My toil and care so well repaid;

Then draw them forth from nature*s hoar^,

And taste their flavours at my board.

Divided by an hawthorn fence,

An orchard next mu^t greet the sense.

Where fruits in embryo lie concealed.

Till autumn lids then* branches yield ;

And gives th<fir luscious juices true,

For cyder, and for perry too»



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^51



A river at tbc ordiard's end,

Widi fogVmg rod an honr to spend,

VTdl stock'd with Taried finny tribei

That sportnre play npon the tide ;

To catch a disn of jacks or trout.

To send as presents round about.

A meadow too for sheep to browse,

Oo which will feed my norse and cows ;

A horse that*s fit to ride about,

hi saddle, or in harness stoat.

To carry presents, yearlv fruits.

My poultry, cheese, and earden roots.

A piece of ground I would retain.

My pigs and poultry to contain ;

And, form'd complete I'd have to boast,

A gtwd pig-stye and large hen-roost ;

With covered shed to hold a cart,

And useful articles apart ;

M7 stock of poultry, taking c^re,

Bj fearing young ones, to repair

The ravage that chance might tend,

The surplus Td to market send, '

And there receive hrom scruple free.

The profits of industry.

Mf poultry should be geese in flocks,

Ihicks, turkeys, pigeons, hens, and cocks ;

And eggs, unnumMr'd, Td put by

For puidings or a iiacon fry.

Convenient to the toiling bee,

Vd have, near plac'd, an apitry,

"Where mingling sweets sequester'd lie,

Secur'd from ev'ry droning fly.

A lesson man muy there daive.

To imitate the busy hive.

And gather honey from his store,

Kor early ne<^ligence deplore.

But still, to keep my mind in tone,

The house and land mu>t be my own ;

Two hundred pounds half yearly paid.

Would full secure those joys dL^pIay*d.

THS PLEASURES OP WIKTER.
BUT think not as the seasons veer,
And winter's chill effects appear.
The \o» of summer I shall fear.
Tho* o'er the land the tempest blow.
Heaping on piien the'drifred snow ;
TbA* trees have lo$t their leafy green, ^
And slip'ry ice o'er fields is seen ;
lliere still soniie comfort is in view.
And still there*$ pleasure to puraue.
As ^itting near a cheerful fire.
The flame from faggots ri ing higher.
Good authors readin^^, old and new.
And making from them extracts too»
PerasiLg paper^t, weekly sent,
Or OB some fav'rite study bent ;
Or corresponding with a friend.
To suvh my wi-bes ever tend ;
Or pleading with a mirthful tale,
For mental pleasures must prevail ;
Or walking through the meads around,
^K^here sparkling icicles abound ;
Or ^ting on the solid tide^
And c«ur»ing round its bo;»om w'de,



"Where rippl*d tides were wont to appear.
When genial seasons deck'd the year.
£*en so, dear Sir, our wishes stray,
.As through this life we bend our way^
We each have happiness in view,
Tho* diff rent paths we oft pursue.
To hoard, the miner's wishes tend;
The prod^ai, his means to spend.
The soldier courts the cannon's roar 5
The sailor seeks a distant shore.
Each on his views is anxious bent.
But yet how frail without content.

W. GOODCIIXAP, juiv

OD%,

TraM4laieJ/rom fh German of Coufit StMerr^

by the late J. S. Etq,*

THE APPAaXTXOH.
I.

RECLINED I lay on grassy bed.
Spring scatter*d odours o*er my head :
On her alone I mus'd, who of my soul
Alike by day and night, fills and inspire
the whole.

II.
The falling beam, dew-dropping skies.
And lulling zephyrs clos'd my eyes,
Jliat as the spangled evening *gan appear.
And Philomela s notes died on my s^umb'ring

III.
When, lo ! a form, celestial bright.
In vision broke upon my sight :
The gleam of Hesp'rus in her eye I viewed,
Her £»v'nly smiling lips exhaled beatitude.

IV.
Like waves, by Ve>per ting'd with ffbX^^
Her robe, with many a rosy fold.
Flowed o*er her limbs, light-gliding o*er the

ground.
While clouds of fragance shed ambrosia all
around.

V.
« Thou kncws't once," with accent mild.
She aid, while every feature smiled ; .
** Thou knews't me oncfe,** the hcav'nly form

pursued,
And with a nccur-drop my trembUng lips
bedew'd.

VI.

** Joy is my name, with endless flower,

*' In realms immortal blooms my bower ;

« Yet stoops my pinion ev'n to earth below,

<< And with my nectar- drops I sweeten nror-

** talwoe.

• In our last, page 163, we presented our
readers with a very spirited translation of
Count Stolberg's Ode to Homer. We take
this opportunity of correcting two errata's
in that poem, viz. in the title, for Holherg
lead Stolherg, and in ver^e 4, for Uve read
Ui'e.

Kk 2



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252



Modem ZHscauerks, &cl



VII.



** I love Aee ; come to me, devote
« Thy beating heart, thy trembling note :
** Oh { come, and banish her, who of thy

«• soul,
*' Alike by day and night, fills and inspires
« the whole."

VIIL
**. Goddess ! I cried, the morul racjB
** Incessant sigh to sec thy &ce,
^ In diee immoitals find their highest bliss ;
<* I loTe thee too; but oh ! spare if I judge
*f amiss.

IX.

«« Lo ! to attend thee I forbear :
'* Yet spare the mortal, Lapra spare <
«< How can I b«ni4i her, who of my soul,
*• Alike by day and night, fills and inspires
•« the whole r

X.

As Ughtning quick she fled, and I
Awoke as quick: my heart beat high ;



Yet still it ])eat for her, who of my sod*
Alike by day and night, fills and iospires
me whole.

LOVE AND MUSIC.
By ihe Author •/the Strroius •fSeiuctUm,

Y£ Ipvers, how sweet is the mild thnllin|^
air,
When love his soft magic imparts ;
What rajtturf to gase on the channs of the
nir.
When music enlivent our hearts.

When soft swelUiig melody glides o'er the
soul,
And the nymph of our choice mukf be*
nign,
0*er every sense fancy bears sweet controoif
And raises a passion divine.

What gay scenes of bliss in perspective arise t .

Scenes £urer than nature e*er drew ;
Enraptur'd, all meaner delights we despise|

And pay, O Love, homage to you.



MODERN DISCOVERIES,



AND



IMPROVEMENTS IN ARTS, SCIENCES, AND LITERATURE j

/fi/A Notices respecting Men of Letters, Artists, and Wbrks
in Hand, tSfc, ftTc



[Specifications of patents arc requested to
be sent to the £(Utor before the i8th of
the month, if an insertion in the first
number is desu-ed.J

PATENT to Mr. James Sharpless,
of Bath, for his newly invented
Cojnbinations and Arrangements of
Implements and Mechanical Powers,
and for certain Principles and Forms
of Tables useful for Surveying, tffc.
Dated November 24, 1804. - The na-
ture of this invention consists in the
following particulars : Two oj more
wheels, pullies, rings, rollers, chains^
or cords, toothed or notched, with dif-
ferent numbers of teeth or notches, are
any how so arranged, as to be capable of
being impelled, by an equal number of
teeth or notches at a lime, so that a suc-
cessive variation of their parts or points
Mfill take place, by which the number of
Ihe sa^d impulses may be correctly ascer-
tained. What particularly distinguishes
this part of Mr. Sharpless's invention
from all others, intended for ascertaining
distances and counting animal or me-
chanical motions, is, that the wheels,
pullies, &c. that compose the instru-
ment, may be separateci and enclosed in
diHercnt compartments of the same box,
or in separate boxes, or in separate
rooms, provided that they arc equally



moved by the sune power, a notch at n
time, or if they are rings, roUere, &c. of
different diameters, an equal portion of
their peripheries. The rule which Mr.
Sharpless gives for counting figures, or
finding a number sousht in complicated
mechanical motions, is, he observes, so
easy in its application, that his daughter^
a cnild only eleven years of age, can an-
swer any question relative to a combi-
nation extending to a cycle pf 999*900!,
almost as soon as she can write down
the figures: He further observes, that
the great advantages that will attend this
mooe of counting, are the very small
expence attending the instruments ; and
that every impulse is designated without
fractioilai parts. Thb peculiarity dis»
tinguishes Mr. S.*s numerical indexes
from all other counting instruments:
for example, if one hand of a counting
engine moves over a circle of 10, which
signifies lOCX), another of 10, which
expivsses units, the pointer in the cirdie
of 1000 is progressmg a fraction of a
thousandth part of its circle ateveiyiin-
pul&e ; and the hand in the circle of
100, a hundredth part, which occasions
much uncertainty in extensive counting,
when the engine has been a little time
in use, for the pointers in the difTereift
circles will not exactly coincide at thei/



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Modem Duawmes, &cj 353*

wl&ole' numbers. ITie endless variety, ing through the tube. ThficoiueqiHBifl^

ia which the combination wheels may of which will' be, that by erery alteration*

be put in motion, by connected and in- either of the quantity of the Huid wilhia

tmnediate powers, are obvious to every the cask or vessel, or its state, the qoick-

mechanic. Another part of Mr. Sharp- silver or fluid will be opemted upon, and

less's invention consists in certain modes will vibrate or be forced towards the en-

of giving motion at the end of every re- Jarged part of either of the branches of

volution of one wheel, to a tootn in that part which Mr. B. denominates sa

another wheel of the same axis. Mr. inverted syphon so as to permit a suffi*

Sharpless*s invention, for the particular cient quantity of air to introduce itself

purpose of surveying, is a combination into the cask or vessel, or to emit itself

of a slay and a wheel, which he calls a therefrom, as occasion may require ; im*

^grapner. The pole of the wheel is mediately after which the quicksilv^

supported by a swivel, which has an or fluid will reaome its situation, ope^t

lionzontal motion within a socket, at rating iq principle as a perpetual atopper*

the end of the pole, and a perpendicular valve^ or regulator. Byjwoich pfopertiei

one on its own axis. The advantage of the invention possesses the advantage of

this over the perambiilator is, that it adjusting the atmosphere within th«

mar be drawn oy a horse, and that the <»sk or vessel, preserving thereby th«

florvcyor may ri<fe in the seat fixed upon liquor in a constant state for use, and

the pole. If the wheel is 10 feet in preventing its becoming dead or flat^

dumeter, and acts by a crank on its notwithstanding a dimmution of iti

axis, upon the numerical index, Uie quantity. And also, it will prevent iti

aumber represented thereon will be the bursting the cask or vessel during iu

oumber ot feet, by adding a cypher at fermentation, which it must inevitably

the end of it. do, when the cask or vessel is closed

Patent to Mr, Thomas Baniett, Ma* with the common vent peg, and whicb^

thematicalInstru7neni-7naker,ofEasl^ if taken out to prevent thi« inconve-'

iireet, Lamheth, Surry, for an Inven- nience ; and if it be not reinstated at tht

tm, whereby a requisiie quantity of instant the fermentation has subsided,

^tr would Introduce itse^ into any the circulation of the atmospheric aii*

Vessel containing Fluids, or a supeir^ on the surface of the liquor will occasion

thmiant quantity of Air therein dis- it to become dead and flat, and unfit fof

charge itself, so as to preserve the use ; both which events the instrument

Fwd in a constant state for use, not- or regulator in question is calculated ei^

unthstanding a (Uminution ofitsquan- fectually to prevent.

/i(y, and prevent its becoming Jtat or Patent to Mr, Samuel Lucas, Re^

dead, by an improper communication finer, of Sheffield, fvr a method of se^

tri/A tie external Air, or the bursting parating the Impurities from crude or

of the Fdssel, by an extension of its cast Iron, without fusing or melting

' Contents, as is frequently experienced it; and of rendering the same malie*'

i^ Persons conserving Liquors, parti- able andproper for the several purposes

<nlarl^ when fermenting. Dated No- for which forged or rolled Iron is now

TCmbcr 6, 1904. — This mvention con- used; and also, by the same method, of

«ists in the following particulars: It improving Articles manufactured of

consists of a tube, which may be made cast Iron, and tliereby rendering cast

of ^ass, earthenware, brass, copper, or or crude Imn applicable to a variety

toy metal or material of which a tube of new and useful purposes. Dat&d

<an be formed, which tube resembles in May 13, 1 804. — ^The above-mentioned

*l»pe, in* the upper part, an inverted sy- invention is described and is to be peiu

pbon, into whicn is to be inserted such formed in the ft>llowing manner : The

a (|aantitY of quicksilver or other fluid ptg or cast iron being first made or cast

*5 mil fill up the diameter thereof, at mto such form as may be most conve-

iHc cur\c or circular bottom of the in- nient for the purposes for which it ik

*^nieut, the long leg or branch of afterwards iiucnded, is to a steel-con-

J'hich is to be inserted into the vent verting or other proper furnace, together

nole, bung hole, or stpert'ire, in the with a suit ihle quantity of iron stone,

jppcr part of the cask or vessel; which iron ore, some of the metallic oxydcs,

«oie or aperture should be so closed, as lime, or any combination of these, (pre-

totally to prevent any air from passing viously reduced into powder or small

into or oat of the cask or vessel, except- pieces) or with any other substance c^

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Modem Ditcoveries, &c.



pable of combining v^ith or absorbing
tlie carbonc of the crude iron. A degree
of heat Is then to be applied so intense
»s to eiiect an union of the rarbone of
the caKt iron with the substance made
use of, and continued so long a time as
shall be. found necetsanr to make the
cast iron eitJier partially or perfectly
malleable, according to the purposes for



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 45 of 108)