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ten by miracles, but which> i aqi
confident, was, doue only by aquet^
fortis, 1 was Quite ticeil with this
foolery, and spidie my mind about it
pretty freely, m the hearing of a cer-
tain Jesuit, who still however affirm-
iiie tliat tliese were actual possessions,
I desired leave to speak to them in a
diilereat lau^age, and was promised
by the hol^r father, that I should be
answered in the same ; but when I
told them I should speak in a languasB
tliat neither he lior any there would
undflTstnnd, he told me. very gravely*
that perhaps tliese devils had not
tni\'elled. On this I left the place,
with a proper contempt, and lieard
afterwards in tiie town, that the whole
vi'as in reality a cheat, and the main
intent of it was to pro\ne witchcraft
upon an innocent person, the curatp
ot the place, whose name was Qipis,
who had been converted from thek
religion, and whom they at last bomt
ibr a wizard.

Not long after this, being deter«
mined to know the truth or falsehood
'of another famous story of this kind*
I went to Antwerp, to see a mimber
Qf possessed persons, as they were
called, exorcised; but in truth, all that
I saw tliere was a ntimber of groaa
Dutch wenches suffer exorcism p»*
tiently, and belch most roaringly ; so
that if they were possessed witJi
devils, tliey seemed to be very windy
devils ; but to me they appeared only
possessed with a large morning draught
of too new beer. Some few of them
did indeed make much squeeking and
resistance, before they would adore
the host held up to them by tiid
priest ; but all I wonder at in this,
was the monstrous blasphemy in the
exerciser, in saying to the protended
devil, " ProstratimadorabisCreatorem
tuum quem digitis tenes." " Thoa
shalt prostrate, adore thy Creator,
which I now hold in my hand."

If these bishops, I say, had teen
these pretended possessions, I cannot
wonder at their not readily believing
a real one; but had they beeu e>'e-
Witness, as I myself was, of what (to
return to my atory fsoai this loug

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3Stf Bxtracisfrbm e Zalerary Comvum-place Booh

<i^ession,) I am going to relate to dispossess her; and we all retarhed

Tou> I aiti very sure they wonld no with great amazement to mj Other's

longer have doubted the certainty of house at Ihirlestaine Castle.

it^ I am. Sir',

The report, in short, of the strange Your faithful firiend and serrant,

, things our Scotch woman utter^, ^ LAUDBtDALftr

being now spread over aU the country* —

among a number of neighbouring IT is well knoT%:n tfaa^ the shb

eentiemen, my old friend, Sir James wherein Sir Francis Drake perfixned

Forbes, who lives in the north of that famous action, the circnranaviga-'

Scotland, being accidentaUv then at tion of the globe, was laid up at

Edinburgh, and meeting tnere with Deptford, wliere it continued se\ieral

the mmister of a neighbouring place, years, and was long held in great acU

intreated him to go witli him to se& miration^ by many wjio came thither

her, and brought him v,ith that from all paru to see it ; but ^g.

intent to my father's house, which afterwards much decayoi by time,.

wt» within ten miles of the place and at length completely broken np,

where she lived, where I made one a chair wis made of the planks there-'

of the party, atid the next day we of *, which chair was afterwards pre-

went together to see l^er. sented to the University JJbarj of

We tpund her, as the poorer sort Oxford, by John Davies, Esq. of

thereabout gen^^y are, a poor Deptford. Upon this most celebrato!

ignorhnt creature, who had never relic, some ingenious poei of tht

been taugh^ so much as to read, aiid time, afler amusing himself uitfa sit*

apent some time in conversation to- ting and drinking in it, thus pleasadtly
^her, without seeing any thing of descanted, in the following very sw-

what we expected; for the woman rited^dithyrambic Bacchanalian Ofe.

shewed no sieins of any thing extra« I,

ordinary. The minister, on this al- chcar up my mates, the wind doei

most ouf of patience, says to the fairfy blow,

knight,inLatin, «' Nondum audivimus clap on more sail and never spaiej

«piritum Idquentem," " We have not Farewcl all lands, for now wc ait

yet heard the .spirit speaking." And in the wide sea of drink, and mtnUj

on . this tfumediately there issued out we go:

^ of the woman's mouth, a voice in Bless me, *ii8 hot, another bowl of wine,

these, words ; " Audis loquentem, And we shall cut the burnina line,

andis- loquentem," '• Thou now Hcv bovs! she scuds away, and by my

hearest him speaking, thou now " jiead'l know,

bearest him speaking." This, firom a We round the world arc sailing nor.

poor creature, who they were sensible What dull men are those that tany a|

knew no ton^e but her own, nor in ' home,

truth the half of that, put the mi- When abroad they might wanwalf

nister into such an amazement, tliat . roam,

I think it made him not mind his And gain such experience and «py too
Latin; for he immediately took oil' Such countries and wonders as I do?

his hat. Mid litVmg up his eyes to But prithee good pilot tekehcKlwhit

heaven, cried out, " Afiscreatur Deus vou do,

pecatoris,*' «' The Lord liave mercy And foil not to tooch at Pcm :

cm this sinner." On whicli the spirit, ^^rjth gold there our vessel well stoi^

to shew his skill in the language^ im- And never, and never be poor,

mediately answered, " Die pecca- No, never be poor any more.

tricis die |)eccatric!s," '* Say on this H.

female sinner, say on this female sin- What dp I mean, what thoughts Ham^

ner.'* The spirit here corrects the misguide?

minisfer'.s folse T^tin. On this we As well uiwn a staff ;nay witches ride

were all perfectly satisfied of tiie Their fancied journey in the air,

truth ot this report, and the reality of As I sailround the ocean in thb chair.

fhti fmsession; andtliisthcmore^ be- ^i^i^ true; but yet this chair, whioh

cause neitlier then, nor at any other now you see,

time after, wa* there any attempt to p^, all its Quict now and pan^Jf

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'Extracts fropi a lUtfrOry OmmoH-phce BooJi



32y



Has wandeied and has travelled mbre
Hian ever beast, or fish'^ or bfrd^ or

c\'er tree before j
In every air, and every seaiiath been ;



Saxons werei in those^earlf ages of
tbeir residence in this island, celcn
brated for their execution of curious
works hi gold and silver, which bad



Has compassed all the earth and ail the become so famous, even in Italy, that

heavens lias seen ; at a. subsequent period, xie learn that

Letnot die Pope's itself with this com- by the means* ot the pUerims, they

l>aK, ' were smuggled through France;

This is the only universal chair ; where it is to be observed, that all

I>mke*s vessel now, for all ' her labour commodities, if brought by Christians i»

past, were liable to an impost equal to an

Is made the seat of rest, at last ; eleventh part of the {^ofit ; and if bf

Let the case now quite altered be, Jews to a tenth.

And as thou went'st abroad the world



AN ancient British writer, GiUihs
Cambriensis, says, that the Auelo*
Saxons had bells in theh* churches,
wliich some of the abbots themseh'c^
manufaiHured. Q,\iery ? Does not
not tliis mean, Sacrinjg'helb,* oq^^ of
. J , ir V 1 • * *^ which was formerly in the possession

And I myself, who now love quiet too, of tlie late Dr. Chauncy. This was of
As much^most as any chair can do, ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ \^ ^^^ ^ ^

Hc^ld vet a journey take ^^^f^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^.^^^^ ^^ ^^

tV^t "^^l^^ ^^ n 1^^ *^' Pen<Jed an ornament of silver fillagr^r
V ^'^K^^.r/^^^^^i'"' that bore a distant resemWanoTtq i

\etwhatco«ldthatsavniorethan these ^^^j ^^ ^^^ comers of which wei«

t^t SrxStln this port of ^ - ^1^' ^^^^^^



to see.
Let the world now come to see thee.

IIL
The woild will do't ; for cariosity
Does no less than devotion pilgrims
make;



Has still one way of making voyages ;
The great tnde wind which ne*er does

M,
^11 drive thee round the world, and

thou shalt run
Akm^, around it as the sun.
The straits of time too narrow are.for

thee;
Launch fordb into an undisco\Tred sea.
And steer the endless course of all eter*

nity :
Take for tliy sail this verse, and for thy

pilot, me.

TH£ earliest notice which we

llave of London as a commercial ^ity,

during the Saxon do^nlnation, we may

collect from Bede, who relates, that

the capital of one of the smallest

kingdoms of this island, by its ha{>py

sitQation on the bank of the noble and

oangable river Thames, was an em-

, porium fyr many nations renairing to

It trnth by sea and land. 1 nis seems

j U) refer to the early part of the go-

I vernnient of those conquerors, who,

^ben kle^tified with the Britons, are

said to have acquired their ingenuity.

fiut however this may be^ the Anglo*



AT the bottom of a wood belonging
to William Turton, Esq. of Knolton-
Hall, in Flintshire, is a rill- or smalt
stream of water, called Sheltbrooky
which empties itself into the river
Dee. When you have once stei^i^
across this imnortant little bounoar}',
lo, and behold ! you are ' ^

In the kingdom of England at)d ^rixv-

cipnlity' of Wales ;
In -tlie provinces of Canterbur}'^ and

York ;
In the dioceses of Chester and of

Litchfield and Coventry ;
In the counties of Flint and Sal«p ;
In the hundreds of Maylor and Os-
westry j
In the parishes of. Ellesmere and

Overton:
In the township of Knolton and Sod-

dyltj
And m Mr. Turton' s grounds and

bis neighbours.

• Sacrin^'bfUs. Tins little bell is
rung to give notice of the hast ap-
proaching, when it is parried m prnci^t.-
sion, as also in other offic^js of ihe-
Homi^ih Churcli:— T.'Wdiis'.



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M8\ The Life of ScttnJitrheg^

T»E Li>E OF 9CAKDEHBEG. City, behold his countiy. In itspresefi^
[Continued from page 149, of our number deplorable ^tate, or at the time when?-
for August,] . or we have just been speaking, and be
AT the tinae of Scanderbeg's birth, informed tliat this once princely peo-
ihe disordered, and brutish, and dege- pie, so consummately learned in all
Derate Greeks, whose eminent and ve- the liberal arts, who formerly lived is
nerable, whose intrepid and excellent »uch opulence and dignitj', who poj^
progenitors, had right worthily de- sessed such extensive territories, main-
fended themselves and their country, taiued such considerable armies, eart-
hy tlieir arms and industry, against the rledon such expensive wisurs, in dis^
■ vast and. wondrous preparations of tant regions, and who made or un-
Darius and Xerxes, then by for tlie made, created, tamed, deposed, re-
greatest monarchfi of the world, and stored (he kings or proud cniefs of the
inst all tlie strength and policy of nations, at their pleasnre, are now;
wre of Persia and ot the » as if under a sort of divine maledictioD



the^nugbty etnpire c

East, and whose ancient glory will be fortlieir sms and follies, destitute of
liield in remembrance, not without a even the very outi^'ard appearance,
very hiffh .dqgree of admiration and and seeming livery of vijrtue 5 are now
aatonishment, till time shall be no as mean and unworthy, for th^
more, had irrecoverably lost thehr shameful cowardice, their stupid ^do-
liristine liberties, (a great part of which ranee, and naughty politics ; are noir

' tliey had till then retained, , under the as much the object of contempt and
paramount command and government pity for the rest of mankind, as they
ofthe Constantinopolitan JSmperors,) were commendable for their accomr
and were reduced to a state of the plishments, in the conquering times,
most miserable subjection and tliral- ofMiltiades,ofCymon, of Pericles, of

' dQm,by Amurathll. theGth king, or Epamiuondas, ot Alexander vm«7««>

Sand. Sultan of tlie Turks. The &c. would appear altogether astonishk^
uke of Athensj the Princes of Pho- and amazing, and, indeed, almost in-
cis, Jkeotia, and all the rest of Greece, credible ! — ^lliat sublime genius, those
irom the c^pe or promontory of Taena- extraordinary talents, that line, ddi-
rus, unto the straits of Corinth, had cate, exact, and perhaps inimitable
either become his tributaries, or had judgment, that exquisite and refined
submitted, without conditbn and re'- relish or taste in art, ' science, pdite
sen's, to the barbarous yoke of the literature* military politics, and philo-
selfish and cruel tyrant, under < which sophy, which so conspkmously distin^
they grievously groaned, and lamented, giiished, which so variously embd-
enduring ail miaginable evils of the Fished the bright character of tkeilr
most intolerable and strange, and hor- honourable and dishiterestod anoes>
rible, oppression and constraint, and tors, and wliich rendered their pani-
slavery. cular country, a. sort of enchanted or

Here, mcthinks, it is but natural holy ground, an excellent school of
enough to the curious reader, (and the universal instruction to so many men,
subject would in all likelihood be not occasional -a^id inquisitive visitors 6001
-ungrateful to him, as tiie contempla- so many diHerent cities in fore^
tive mind may even hnd a source of lands, &c« no longer sparkled in, no
pensive pleasure and amusement in longer dazzled the jealous e^es of an
the same) to pause awhile and muse, infinitely admiring world ;<«-*that noble
and meditate on the transitoriness, and elevation of soul, those amiable, great,
instability, and vanity, of alt niundane and generous sentiments, those real,
telicity and glory ! What would b^ holid,estimable,patriotic virtues, which
the first sensations and reflections of alone did and could reflect additic^iai
an old Athenian philosopher, could lustre and value on their other supere*
lie shake off the dust, arise from the mineut qualities, like the once trresist-
slumber of ages, and again be permit- jble charms of some antiqoated, som^
. red to revisit the ground whicli his iforlorn and deserted beauty, formerly
classical compatriots had made in a ^ very apt to hispire thie flame of
manner sacred, in so much that uq amorous devotion,* to afl5Drdmolti&'
part or portion of tlie terrestrial globe rious pleasure arid delight, but who,
presented a more attractive, a more at Jengtli, in consequence of the rava-
iliustrious scene ? Should he, with ges ot time, has been reduced to a pi-
h« keen-siglued glance of quick saga- tiful state of decay, decrepitude and



Th$ Life of Scanderleg. ^^

uren of ridiculous dotage; — so this ve- self-same tnysteriet of that revealed
rjr jvperlativc knowledge, these stu- knowledge AvJiich heretofore was con-
pendous talent?, tlicse magnificent cealed under tvpes full of sentiment^
virtues, were now> so to spedc, im- meaning— under, moral and political
DQiredy shattered, eclipsed, ruined, vaticinations, and allegorical images,
]ost« and' tq say all in one word, containing the liveliest sensations an(|
completely worn out and extinguish- exposition, the best hopes, and th^
cd. most elevated promises of our admir

In such unhappy circumstances^ rable religion, and of its virtuous and
pardy distracted with civil ambition valuable ends and designsr-all whic^^
aod intrinsic discords and diasentions, is now more faWy brought to light, by
(the very fatal criminality of little, the.' glorious gospel of our Blessed
sordid, vindictive souls) partly the l^ord and Saviour, Emmanuel> ofc
victims of mistimed indiilerence, of Jesus, the eternal Son of God. '

ao un:iccoim table supineness and stu- After the wolul captivity and utter
jKMT, listlessness and indolence, a pas- ruin of Greece, Amurath, not con-
«ve l^^thargic insensibiJiiy in relation tent with his recent acquisitions, but
to their most important and necessary determined, with redoubled eagerness.
<x)Qcemments ot a public nature, and ^° prosecute las rising good lortune,
pardy flattered, imposed upon, and se- turned his victorious ensigns and
duced by their childish weaknesses forces into Macedonia, then a most
and vanity, tlieir verv eggregious vici- goodly country, garnished and crown-
ousness and folly, tlie Greeks, at the ed with many fair, elegant, and beauti-
time when tliase transactions took ^^1 towns and cities, and pious struc-
place, the narration of which has *P^^ 5 all which, in a short time, hk
leen already begun in the preceding likewise broiight to great confusion;
numbers ot this miscellany, and of spoiling, sackyig, ravaging, and de-
which a more particular description is stroying all the towns ancf houses \i$
jiereafter intended, m their tejopers, the open country ; driving out, anden-
diaracler, and condition^ were become deavouring utterly to extirpate tlie
totally opposite to, and a striking con- families of the native princes and othei:
trastoftlic/*i^*di;At«i A;(^i<>i. that noble minor tetrarchs, and every where ini '
face and nation of Achaian Heroes, troducing, together with the most
.who, when at the utmost pinnacle of wicked and tacinorpus actions and
Aeir advancement, in their congre- diabolical exploits, th^ gross and de-
gated mass of glory, resembled their testable errors, the wretched, bitter,
P^^'n most fascinating language — a persecuting, and rancorous zeal, s6
language so very wonderful in its com- peculiar to the temper, and spirit, and
preheasive powers, so rich, po sweet, character of the villainous, and impi-
so full of grace and majesty, so uni- ous, and oftcnsive, Mahometan super-
yersally flexible, so harmonious, and stition.

JO ornamental— a' language so well In the year 1432, Amurath in per-
^ fraught with all imaginable perfec- son* had besieged and taken I'hessalo-
tiotis ; — a liinguage, which, m sono- "ica, now called Salonichi, formerly
rousiie>s, that is to say, in respect of one of tlie largest and most sumptuous
Mund aiid expression, in a pleasing cities of Greece, even when in all its
Variety, and rare intermixture of height of power and glory, and tiien
strength and delicacy, and in the pie- the pleasant dwelling place of many
nitude of tlie ore rotundo, or in pomp, imnareds of ricli Christian families,
copiousness, and natural sublimity, has who had long lived there in peace,
^<>^iti5generally supposed, or ratlicr. quietness, and security, under the
^ccirding to tlie universal opinion ancl civil protection and militar>' occupation
IcJJTagc of all competent judges, of of tlie Venetian government. This
^persons endued with superior sense city, tlien so beautiful, flourishing,
jDdlaslft, and judgment, been ever and wealthy, is situated, (as some au-
n»thertr.ex( lied, or even so much as thors say, in, and others) upon the
tqualled : a language which, Hke the borders of Macedonia, and closely ad-
llebrew, has been selected, and, like joiningtoabayoftheiEgeansea, novf^
% has been unlibrmly kept in a state commonly called the Archipelago,
^ txcelimt, if not of splendid preser- which bay, in antient times, was
vntion, for the noble and exalted pur- known by the name of Sinus Theri
(^of unfolding and displaying the m<77C2/j,andisnow€aUedthebayofAiU(

Vol. j^. • Uu

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330 - TheLifeofScanderbeg.

lonichi. To the Christian congrcga- Having thus taken Thessalonlca, so
tion dwelling in this city, St. Paul, as long one of the^ most glorious on».
is well known, wrote and directed two ments of Greece, the proud Sultaa
of his epistles, in the latter whereof, gave it for an inhabitation to sodv ob-
the Apostle, moved by the spirit of scureand base Turks, as at their 0ea-
prpphecy, plainly forewarneth the sure repaired thither, from wioos
Inessalonian!) of a great defection that other parts, to seat themselves in the
was to come before the laUer.day. city, whose goodly bouses were then
Amurath having encamped before left desolate :ind void of inhabitants :
the walls df this very strong and exten- after which Amurath himseli'retnmed
aive city, with a numerous and well to Adrianople, then the reeal sear of
disciplined army of Turks, began to the Turkisn Emperors, and thenewly
batter the same most terribly ; and the established metropolis of their govern*
more to encourage his soldiers to dan* ment.

gerpus and adventurous feats of arms. Soon after Amurath had taken pos-
promised to give up to them all the session of Thessalonica, he sent away
we:Jth it w§s stored >Kith, for a lawful Caratze, one of his tooei expert and
spoil and prey, if they could either ac- valiant captains, with the greatest part
complish its capture by surprise, or of his army, into iEtolia. Charles, the
by open force ; the deplorable couse- prince of that country, died a little be-

3uente of which was, tliat the greedy fore the commencement of the sie^
esirc of infinite riches and booty so of Thessalonica, and having no legiti-
Stimulated and inflamed the minus of mate issue, had divided the country of
those fierce an.'^ barbarous soldiers, Achamania, among his three base or
and especi^ly of the Janissaries, that, natural sons, Memnon, Tomus and
by a sudden, desperate, and dreadiid Heracles, bequeathing all the rest of
irruption, at length, after having fu- his dominion to his ne^ew or bro-
riously assailed* they entered that for- ther*s son, called also Charles, fiat
tilled city, as il'by a great tempest, and not long afterwards, such mutual and
so made themseue^ masters of Thes- inveterateanimosities broke out amoxig
salonica. these brethren, that Amurath, who

The Venetian soldiers who com- was eagerly solicitous, and ever ready
posed the garrison, f s the necessity of to take advantage of all ^ivourableoc*
tiie time required^ tied to their gallies casions, by sending a part of his am^
and ^mall rhips, wluch then lay at an- to aid the one of them s^ainst die
chor in the port or haven, and so other, agreeably to their own request.
found an opportunity to escape the so in the end, brought all the country of
dreadful and dangerous horrors of that ^tolia, into subjection to hiniself«
great shipwreck ; but the number of leaving nothing for the foolish and be-
cxecrableand inhuman atrocities, and witched brethren to contend for, but
ignominious outrages which the citi- the mere^ empty tides of imaginary
zens of Thessalonca, enduied from honour.

the brutal fury of the conquerors, no About this time it was, that.amonp
tongue is able to express — ^no pen to the distressed princes and states <a
describe ; '* man^' good Christians,'* Greece andMacedonia, John Castriot^
says my author (Kuolles in his Gene- the father of Scanderb^, reis;ned in
rai History of tlie Turks) '* in the an- Epirus ; who, observing the lurks to
guish of tneir souls,cr}'ing out in vain, prevail every where a^amst the daunt-
and w ishing there to die, but could ed and discomfited pnnces and cities.
not." And yet the sword of the ene- his neighbours and confederates, ana
niy, wiih most terrible execution, considering that he was not able^ by
spared not to devour all the hihabi- any means,to withstand so formidable
tants incisciiminately, without respect and puissant an enemy, in order tpob^
of age or sex, or condition, excepting tain peace, consented tQ deliver up as
only such as for strength of body or hostages, into Amurath's possession^,
comeliness of person were reserved to (who faithfully promised well and
undergo painful labours in the sequel, honourably to preserve and take charge
or for the gfatiiication of bestial lust : of them) his four sons, Stanisius, Be-
which joor Christian captives were posius, Constantine, and George, the
afterwards dispersed dirough all parts subject of this history, and the same
of tlxe Turkiiu kingdom or domiuiou. who was afterwards enabled, by grea^

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. -Ow thi Science of Drfencefor the Sword and Bayonet. 33 1

caurtklOB of never to be stiificiently intolerable slavery of Turkish perae-i

remembered, courage and policy, and cution and tyranny, as shall be declar;

by nothing less than a miracle of di- ed, indue time, m the course of the

TffleprovideDce, to deliver both him- following narrative. ^

sdf smd his native country from the (To v^ continued occaswnmi^.)

ORIGINAL CRITICISM for OCTOBER, 1805.

" Nulli negabimus, null! dlffcrcmus justitiam."

0!r THB SCIENCE OF DEFENCE. hol(Jin|; fast thc tTOth, fi mwrthf moment

4 TT ^ . » «r» *' ,. -itobuins a fair viewtjftbat h*velyob-

^^'^^' 9^1^^ ^7^^1! ""5 J ject. This little excursion will 1^ you

Wc of Defence, for the Sword ^^^^. ^^ ^j^^^„^ ^f your journey. It

mL Bayonet, ^c in close Action, ^-jj ^jj^^ ^^^ ^y^ ^^^^ ^^ ^y^^ p,^^^

^ . , , ^ QAf\ \ exercises.. It will shew the existence



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 59 of 108)